4,283 results match your criteria Needle-stick Guideline


The State of Needlestick Training for Undergraduate Medical Students at Canadian Universities.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON. Electronic address:

Canadian undergraduate medical students sustain needlestick injuries, which have adverse implications, including blood-borne illnesses and personal anxiety. This study sought to determine students' needle handling efficacy and to examine the prevalence of formal training around needlestick safety and reporting procedures both nationally and, specifically, within the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario (U of T). A seven-question survey electronic survey was distributed to 116 undergraduate medical education (UME) leaders practising in high-risk rotations at 13 Canadian universities. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence of sharps injuries in surgical units, a meta-analysis and meta-regression.

Am J Infect Control 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Cochrane Work Review Group, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Kuopio, Finland.

Background: Sharps injuries occur often among surgical staff, but they vary considerably.

Methods: We searched PubMed and Embase for studies assessing the incidence of sharps injuries. We combined the incidence rates of similar studies in a random effects meta-analysis and explored heterogeneity with meta-regression. Read More

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November 2018

Prevalence of needle-stick and sharp object injuries and its associated factors among staff nurses in Dessie referral hospital Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2018.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Nov 28;11(1):840. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Woldia University, P.O. Box 400, Amhara, Weldiya, Ethiopia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of needle-stick and sharp object injuries among staff nurses in Dessie referral hospital, Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2018.

Results: Among the 151 study participants, 98 (65%) respondents were males. Seventy-five (48. Read More

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November 2018

Absorbable subcuticular staples versus suture for caesarean section closure: a randomised clinical trial.

BJOG 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: To compare outcomes of efficiency, safety, patient, and surgeon satisfaction between absorbable subcuticular staples and subcuticular suture for caesarean section skin closure.

Design: A prospective, randomised, non-blinded, parallel-group trial.

Setting: Mayo Clinic Family Birth Center in Rochester, MN, USA. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Severe Plasmodium vivax malaria, HIV, tuberculosis co-infection in a Sri Lankan traveller: case management and challenges during the prevention of malaria reintroduction phase.

Malar J 2018 Nov 16;17(1):429. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Kynsey Road, Colombo 8, Sri Lanka.

Background: The country received malaria-free certification from WHO in September 2016, becoming only the second country in the WHO South East Asia region to be declared malaria-free. Imported malaria cases continue to be reported, with 278 cases reported between 2013 and 2017. The diagnosis of a severe Plasmodium vivax patient co-infected with HIV and tuberculosis is discussed with an overview of the rapid response mounted by the Anti Malaria Campaign (AMC), Sri Lanka. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Influencing Vaccinations: A Buzzy Approach to Ease the Discomfort of a Needle Stick-a Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial.

Pain Manag Nurs 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio.

Background: The rate of annual influenza immunization in both the general public and health care workers is less than desirable. Mechanisms to improve compliance with recommendations are needed; prevention of immunization site pain has been suggested as a viable route because fear of pain and needles has been cited as a barrier.

Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of thermomechanical stimulation (Buzzy) on postprocedure pain ratings during vaccination in adults. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Design, formulation and evaluation of novel dissolving microarray patches containing a long-acting rilpivirine nanosuspension.

J Control Release 2018 Dec 2;292:119-129. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

School of Pharmacy, Queen's University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK. Electronic address:

One means of combating the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is through the delivery of long-acting, antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for prevention and treatment. The development of a discreet, self-administered and self-disabling delivery vehicle to deliver such ARV drugs could obviate compliance issues with daily oral regimens. Alternatives in development, such as long-acting intramuscular (IM) injections, require regular access to health care facilities and disposal facilities for sharps. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

A multicentre study on epidemiology and prevention of needle stick injuries among students of nursing schools.

Ann Ig 2018 Sep-Oct;30(5 Supple 2):99-110

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

Introduction: Among the health professions with a long period of training, the students of the Nursing Bachelor's Degree are the most exposed to biological risk resulting from accidents, in particular with needles and cutting edges. The aim of the study was to estimate the frequency and the circumstances for the occurrence of needle stick injuries, as a knowledge base for targeted prevention interventions.

Methods: The study was carried out between May and July 2017 in 11 Universities in Italy and 1 in Albania (associated with the "Tor Vergata" University of Rome). Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Prevalence of occupational injuries and knowledge of availability and utilization of post exposure prophylaxis among health care workers in Singida District Council, Singida Region, Tanzania.

PLoS One 2018 25;13(10):e0201695. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi Tanzania.

Background: Infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a serious public health problem that threatens the lives of many people including health care workers. Health care workers are frequently exposed to occupational hazards throughout their careers. Health care workers are at risk of being infected by the virus when caring for patients in health care facilities. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

The associations of workload, individual and organisational factors on nurses' occupational injuries.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aims And Objectives: To determine the prevalence and type of occupational injuries in nurses and their associations with workload, working shift, and nurses' individual and organisational factors.

Background: Nurses are vulnerable to occupational injuries due to the nature of their job.

Design: A cross-sectional correlational design (based on STROBE Statement) was conducted. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads
1.230 Impact Factor

The Frequency of Hepatitis C and its Risk Factors Among Health Care Providers at Tehsil Headquarter Hospital, Hasilpur, Pakistan.

Cureus 2018 Aug 21;10(8):e3176. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Medical Ward, Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Quaid-E-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur, PAK.

Introduction Hepatitis C has emerged as a big challenge for Pakistan. Health care providers are at increased risk of being infected due to tremendous exposure. Aim The purpose of this study was to find the prevalence of hepatitis C, its risk factors especially its occupational risk factors and preventive measures practiced by health care providers of Tehsil Head Quarter Hospital, Hasilpur, Pakistan. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

Needlestick injuries and other body substance exposures among police officers in a city police department.

Am J Infect Control 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, OH.

Background: We determined the incidence and circumstances of needlestick injuries and other body substance exposures among police officers in a city police department.

Methods: We analyzed data extracted from the city's centralized human resource database on all incidents from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2016, and characterized their circumstances. We calculated the annual incidence of needlestick injuries per 1,000 officers and per 10,000 reactive calls. Read More

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October 2018

Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding infection control measures among medical students.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Jul;68(7):1065-1069

Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi.

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and reported practices of medical students regarding infection control measures.

Methods: The cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted at one public and one private medical university in Karachi from January to February 2016. The students enrolled were in their clinical years of the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery course and their knowledge, attitude and practice were measured regarding infection control measures. Read More

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July 2018
6 Reads
0.403 Impact Factor

Comparison of Erich arch bar versus embrasure wires for intraoperative intermaxillary fixation in mandibular fractures.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 9;22(4):419-428. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Maharashtra Institute of Dental Sciences & Research, Dental College, M.I.T Medical Campus, Vishnathpurum, Latur, 413512, India.

Purpose: Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is a fundamental principle in the management of mandibular fractures but with recent advent of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), use of IMF is almost limited intraoperatively. Therefore, we compared the efficacy of Erich arch bar versus embrasure wires for intraoperative IMF in mandibular fractures.

Method: This prospective study was comprised of 50 patients with mandibular fractures who required ORIF with intraoperative IMF. Read More

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December 2018

Needlestick injuries among Malaysian healthcare workers.

Occup Med (Lond) 2018 Oct 6. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Clinical Sciences, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Needlestick injury (NSI) is a significant occupational health issue among healthcare workers (HCWs).

Aims: To determine the national self-reported incidence and risk factors for NSI among Malaysian Ministry of Health (MOH) HCWs.

Methods: Using data from the MOH national sharps injury surveillance programme, information on reported NSIs over a 1-year period (2016) for different HCW subgroups were extracted and analysed. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Assessment of adherence behaviors for the self-reporting of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among registered nurses: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(9):e0202069. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Burns Surgery, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha City, Hu'nan Province, China.

Background: In China, register nurses (RNs) have a high risk of occupational exposure to blood/body fluids. The adherence behavior related to self-reporting of occupational exposure needs to be evaluated to protect RNs from healthcare-related infections.

Objectives: To assess adherence behaviors for self-reporting of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among RNs and identify factors affecting self-reporting in Hunan Province, China for developing upgraded strategies. Read More

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September 2018
11 Reads

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus infection and associated factors among healthcare workers in northern Tanzania.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Sep 21;18(1):474. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Institute of Public Health, Community Health Department, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O.Box2240, Moshi, Tanzania.

Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is a global health problem with the highest prevalence in East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of infected people, including healthcare workers are unaware of their status. This study is aimed to determining seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus infection and associated factors among healthcare workers in northern Tanzania. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read
2.610 Impact Factor

Nursing students: A vulnerable health-care worker for needlesticks injuries in teaching hospitals.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Jul-Aug;7(4):717-720

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Background: Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogen is a significant risk to health-care workers. In any teaching hospital apart from regular health-care workers and employees, there are significant population of students and trainee. It is important to assess the health-care worker in hospital which has maximum chances of exposure to these pathogens. Read More

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September 2018

[Warming Needle Moxibustion Relieves Symptoms of Lumbar Disc Herniation Patients and Upregulates Plasma β-endorphin].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2018 Aug;43(8):512-5

Department of Acupuncture and Physiotherapy, the Affiliated Peace Hospital of Changzhi Medical College, Changzhi 046000, Shanxi Province, China.

Objective: To analyze the effect of warming needle moxibustion of Jiaji (EX-B 2), Huantiao (GB 30), etc. on lumbago and other symptoms of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) patients and changes of plasma β-endorphin (β-EP) content.

Methods: A total of 60 LDH patients were equally randomized into warming needle moxibustion group and conventional acupuncture group. Read More

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Retrospective investigation of 9 years of data on needlestick and sharps injuries: Effect of a hospital infection control committee.

Am J Infect Control 2018 Sep 14. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Infectious Disease and Clinical Microbiology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The risk of occupational transmission of bloodborne pathogens to health care workers is primarily associated with needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs). However, most NSIs are not reported, and most health care workers are not aware of postexposure procedures.

Methods: Data for NSIs reported in our hospital between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

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September 2018
9 Reads

Vaccination Status and Other Preventive Measures in Medical Schools. Big Needs and Opportunities.

Arch Med Res 2018 May 5;49(4):255-260. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México; Programa Universitario de Investigación en Salud, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México.

Background: Proper immunization and knowledge in infection prevention are key factors in protecting medical students.

Aim Of The Study: To describe the status on vaccination recommended for healthcare workers (HCW) and infection prevention knowledge.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on medical students at clinical years of medical school from a public University in Mexico. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence of needlestick and sharps injuries in the healthcare workers of Iranian hospitals: an updated meta-analysis.

Environ Health Prev Med 2018 Sep 7;23(1):44. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Pardis Nazlou, 11 km of Nazlou Road, Urmia, Iran.

Background: Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) are critical occupational risk among health care workers (HCWs), which is extremely worrying due to the potential risk of transmitting bloodborn pathogens (BBPs). This study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of NSIs among Iranian HCWs.

Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the key terms percu* injur*, needle* stick injur*, needlestick* injur*, or sharp* injur* were searched in the Scientific Information Database (SID), MagIran, IranMedex, Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, and Scopus. Read More

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September 2018

Do training and needle-safety devices prevent needlestick injuries? A systematised review of the literature.

Authors:
Ann-Marie Aziz

Br J Nurs 2018 Sep;27(16):944-952

Clinical Lead: Infection Control and Prevention, Pennine Care NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester.

This systematised review was undertaken to appraise research on the effects of training and the use of needle-safety devices (NSDs) on the prevention of needlestick injuries (NSIs) among health workers, focusing on a European perspective. A literature search from 2007 to 2017 was performed, which identified six studies that investigated the introduction of training and NSDs and their affect on NSIs. The six chosen studies identified that training, as well as the adoption of NSDs, has an impact on preventing NSIs. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Needlestick Injuries among Healthcare Workers: Why They Do Not Report their Incidence?

Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2018 Sep-Oct;23(5):382-387

Caspian Digestive Diseases Research Center (CDDRC), Guilan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS), Rasht, Iran.

Background: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) among healthcare workers (HCWs) pose an important health challenge and several pieces of evidence show that in many cases HCWs do not report the injury.

Materials And Methods: This multicenter descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in eight teaching hospitals of Rasht, Iran. Using consecutive sampling methods, 1010 nurses were enrolled from October 2014 to January 2015. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Trend analysis and factors associated with biological injuries among health care workers in Southern Italy.

Med Lav 2018 Aug 28;109(4):308-315. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

University of L'Aquila.

Background: Biological injuries are the most common and serious among health care workers.

Objectives: This study aims to estimate the injuries' incidence, job distribution and temporal trend in a hospital in Southern Italy.

Methods: Data on accidents, collected from January 2010 to December 2016, were analyzed. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads

Factors Influencing Surgeons' Double-Gloving Practice.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2018 Oct 24;19(7):691-695. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

1 Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia .

Background: We sought to evaluate the practice of double gloving among surgeons and to determine the factors that affect compliance with such practice at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH).

Methods: A survey was conducted among surgeons in active training from all departments at KAUH through the use of a questionnaire from May through July 2017.

Results: Of the 220 surgeons who worked at KAUH, 183 agreed to participate in the study for a response rate of 83. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Predicting needlestick and sharps injuries and determining preventive strategies using a Bayesian network approach in Tehran, Iran.

Epidemiol Health 2018 20;40:e2018042. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Recent studies have shown that the rate of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) is unacceptably high in Iranian hospitals. The aim of the present study was to use a systematic approach to predict and reduce these injuries.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Continuing Education Program for Prevention of Occupational Exposure to Needle Stick Injuries in Nursing Staff Based on Kirkpatrick's Model.

J Natl Med Assoc 2018 Oct 19;110(5):459-463. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Nurses are the most vulnerable group that are faced with occupational injuries caused by exposure to needle stick injuries. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a continuing education program about the prevention of occupational exposure to needle stick injuries in the nursing staff, based on the Kirkpatrick model.

Methods: In this study, 120 nurses were selected in the experimental and control groups. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Circumstances and Structure of Occupational Sharp Injuries among Healthcare Workers of a Selected Hospital in Central Poland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 08 10;15(8). Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Hygiene and Health Promotion, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland.

(1) Background: An analysis of work-related sharp injuries in Healthcare Workers (HCWs) based at a selected hospital in Central Poland by presenting the frequency of accidents, injury rates, and identifying circumstances of Needle Sticks and Sharp Injuries (NSSI) and giving Post-Exposure Procedures (PEP). (2) Methods: A retrospective analysis of medical documentation regarding work-related NSSI at a district hospital located in central Poland; over the period 2010⁻2017. The study group included HCWs who had an accident while on duty. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Determinants of appropriate knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus postexposure prophylaxis among professional health-care workers in Sokoto, Nigeria.

J Family Med Prim Care 2018 Mar-Apr;7(2):340-345

Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Introduction: The prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) among health-care workers (HCWs) has remained a major topical issue worldwide. Accidental transmission of HIV infection to HCWs during occupational exposure is a real threat today. The study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) among HCWs in a tertiary health institution in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria. Read More

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August 2018
13 Reads

Occupational Safety and Hygiene of Dentists from Urban and Rural Areas in Terms of Sharp Injuries: Wound Structure, Causes of Injuries and Barriers to Reporting-Cross-Sectional Study, Poland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 08 4;15(8). Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Department of Hygiene and Health Promotion, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland.

(1) Background: Frequent contact of the dentist with potentially infectious material (PIM) is undeniable. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency and type of injuries, as well as to identify barriers to reporting and barriers to the implementation of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) among dentists from urban and rural areas. (2) Methods: We surveyed 192 dentists using an anonymous questionnaire. Read More

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Practice and attitudes regarding double gloving among staff surgeons and surgical trainees.

Can J Surg 2018 Aug;61(4):244-250

From the Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta. (Lipson, Ball, Grondin); the Department of Production Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta. (Deardon); and the Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta. (Switzer, de Gara).

Background: Despite supporting evidence, many staff surgeons and surgical trainees do not routinely double glove. We performed a study to assess rates of and attitudes toward double gloving and the use of eye protection in the operating room.

Methods: We conducted an electronic survey among all staff surgeons and surgical trainees at 2 tertiary care centres in Alberta between September and November 2015. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Infectious risk for healthcare workers: evaluation and prevention.

Authors:
M Triassi F Pennino

Ann Ig 2018 Jul-Aug;30(4 Supple 1):48-51

Department of Public Health, University of Napoli Federico II, Italy.

Exposure to pathogenic agents is a major occupational risk factor in healthcare facilities. The most common pathogenic agents are human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C viruses, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In Italy, about 70-80% of all cases of exposure to biological agents result from injuries caused by needles or other sharp instruments used during healthcare procedures. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

Seroconversion after needlestick injuries - analyses of statutory accident insurance claims in Germany.

GMS Hyg Infect Control 2018 6;13:Doc05. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance and Prevention in the Health and Welfare Services (BGW).

After a needlestick injury (NSI) with contaminated blood, there is a risk of seroconversion. Statutory accident insurance (SAI) claims data were used to determine the numbers of seroconversions for hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV, HCV) and for HIV. Cases of HBV, HCV or HIV infection recognised as occupational diseases between 2006 and 2015 were selected from the BGW (Berufsgenossenschaft für Gesundheitsdienst und Wohlfahrtspflege) database. Read More

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July 2018
8 Reads

Post-exposure prophylaxis following occupational exposure to HIV and hepatitis B: an analysis of a 12-year record in a Nigerian tertiary hospital.

J Infect Prev 2018 Jul 17;19(4):184-189. Epub 2017 Dec 17.

Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria.

Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) have an increased risk of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens.

Aims/objectives: We aim to examine the utilisation and outcome of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for both HIV and hepatitis B (HBV) among HCWs.

Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary hospital in North-Western Nigeria. Read More

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July 2018
7 Reads

Economic evaluation of safety-engineered devices and training in reducing needlestick injuries among healthcare workers in South Africa.

S Afr Med J 2018 May 25;108(6):477-483. Epub 2018 May 25.

Department of Anaesthesia, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of contracting various communicable diseases. Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are a common mechanism of exposure. Training in basic universal precautions and utilisation of safety-engineered devices (SEDs) are interventions known to reduce the risk of NSI. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Gaze Performance Adjustment During Needlestick Application: Can We Reduce Harm?

Nurse Educ 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Author Affiliations: MSc student (Dr Sanchez), Associate Professor (Dr Zheng), Surgical Simulation Research Lab, Department of Surgery; Instructor (Dr Wilson-Keates), Nursing Simulation Centre, Faculty of Nursing; and Team Lead of Emergency Management (Mr Conway), Department of Environment Health & Safety, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Background: Novice health care students suffer more needlestick injuries (NSIs) than experts. NSIs may be prevented by learning experts' behavior during this procedure. Eye tracking offers the possibility to study both experts' and novices' eye behavior during this task. Read More

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July 2018
1 Read

Feasibility of jet injector use during inactivated poliovirus vaccine house-to-house vaccination campaigns.

Vaccine 2018 08 3;36(32 Pt B):4935-4938. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Polio Eradication Branch, Global Immunization Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: To attain high coverage during polio vaccination campaigns, an outreach house-to-house strategy is used to administer oral poliovirus vaccine. Administering an injectable vaccine house-to-house requires a skilled work force and increases risks of needle stick injuries. Needle-free injection devices provide a safer alternative to needles and syringes for administering injectable vaccines. Read More

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Prevalence of reported percutaneous injuries on dentists: A meta-analysis.

J Dent 2018 Sep 26;76:9-18. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Dentistry Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil.

Objectives: To answer the focused question, "What are the prevalence of percutaneous injuries (PIs) on dentists, the location with the highest prevalence, and the dental instrument most responsible for these injuries?" As secondary outcomes, the prevalence by geographic location, type of PI, sex distribution, and dentist's specialty were also considered.

Eligibility Criteria: Observational descriptive studies investigating the prevalence of percutaneous injuries on dentists were included.

Sources: Five electronic databases and three partial grey literature searches were performed. Read More

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September 2018

Prevalence of needle stick injury and its associated factors among nurses working in public hospitals of Dessie town, Northeast Ethiopia, 2016.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Jun 28;11(1):413. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

School of Nursing, College of Health Sciences and Referral Hospital, AKsum University, Axum, Ethiopia.

Objective: Nurses are exposed to dangerous and deadly blood borne pathogens through contaminated needle stick injuries. This study was designed to assess prevalence of needle stick injury and its associated factors among nurses working in hospitals. Institution-based cross-sectional study design was used among 258 randomly selected nurses. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads
1 Citation

Overcoming public health risks to staff during the management of waste from healthcare facilities.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2018 Jul;31(6):619-630

University of Northampton , Northampton, UK.

Purpose The management of public health risks is a key focus for the European Union. One of the key factors that has been shown to pose a public health risk is that of the management of needles from healthcare facilities. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Read More

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Occupational infection and needle stick injury among clinical laboratory workers in Al-Madinah city, Saudi Arabia.

J Occup Med Toxicol 2018 21;13:15. Epub 2018 May 21.

1Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Taibah University, Al-Madinah, 41477 Saudi Arabia.

Background: Clinical laboratory workers face biohazard such as needlestick injury and occupational infection on a daily basis. In this study, we examined self-reported frequency of occupational infection and needlestick injury among the clinical laboratory workers in Al- Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A total of 234 clinical laboratory workers were recruited from private and government health sectors to answer a self-administered questionnaire that was prepared to achieve the aims of the study. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Infant cortisol stress-response is associated with thymic function and vaccine response.

Stress 2018 Jun 22:1-8. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

a Nutrition Department , University of California , Davis , CA , USA.

Stress can impair T cell-mediated immunity. To determine if infants with high stress responses had deficits in T-cell mediated immunity, we examined the association of pain-induced cortisol responsiveness with thymic function and vaccine responses in infants. This study was performed among 306 (male = 153 and female = 153) participants of a randomized, controlled trial examining the effect of neonatal vitamin A supplementation on immune function in Bangladesh (NCT01583972). Read More

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June 2018
13 Reads

Determinants of Workplace Injuries and Violence Among Newly Licensed RNs.

Authors:
Lynn Unruh Yara Asi

Workplace Health Saf 2018 Oct 13;66(10):482-492. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

1 University of Central Florida.

Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

Mini-Review: Assessing the Potential Impact of Microneedle Technologies on Home Healthcare Applications.

Medicines (Basel) 2018 Jun 8;5(2). Epub 2018 Jun 8.

School of Engineering, Ulster University, Jordanstown BT37 0QB, UK.

The increasing devolution of healthcare towards community care has meant that the management of many conditions is conducted within the home either by community nurses or by the patients themselves. The administration of medicines within home healthcare scenarios can however be problematic—especially when considering the delivery of medicines through injection. The possibility of needlestick injury (NSI) has become an ever-present hazard within healthcare settings, with a significant proportion of percutaneous injuries occurring during the handling and disposal of the needle. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Empyema Necessitans in the Setting of Methicillin-Susceptible Causing Pneumonia and Bacteremia.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 5;2018:4906547. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA.

Empyema necessitans (EN) is a rare phenomenon that refers to an insidious extension of the empyema through parietal pleura and subsequent dissection into subcutaneous tissue of the chest wall. A 29-year-old man presented to the hospital with fever and chills a few days after an inadvertent needle stick while injecting heroin. His left forearm was warm with an area of fluctuance. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Practice and attitudes regarding double gloving among staff surgeons and surgical trainees.

Can J Surg 2018 Jun 1;61(4):13616. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

From the Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta. (Lipson, Ball, Grondin); the Department of Production Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta. (Deardon); and the Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta. (Switzer, de Gara).

Background: Despite supporting evidence, many staff surgeons and surgical trainees do not routinely double glove. We performed a study to assess rates of and attitudes toward double gloving and the use of eye protection in the operating room.

Methods: We conducted an electronic survey among all staff surgeons and surgical trainees at 2 tertiary care centres in Alberta between September and November 2015. Read More

View Article
June 2018
2 Reads

Unreported Sharps Exposures in Orthopedic Surgery Residents A Silent Majority.

Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) 2018 Jun;76(2):133-138

Sharps-related injuries represent a significant occupational hazard to orthopedic surgeons. Despite increased attention and targeted interventions, evidence suggests that the majority of incidents continue to go unreported. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, attitudes, and factors that affect the reporting of sharps injuries among orthopedic surgery residents at a large academic teaching hospital in an effort to increase reporting rates and design effective interventions. Read More

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June 2018
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