884 results match your criteria Necrobiosis Lipoidica


Improvement in Ulcerative Necrobiosis Lipoidica After Janus Kinase-Inhibitor Therapy for Polycythemia Vera.

JAMA Dermatol 2018 Jun;154(6):733-734

Department of Dermatology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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June 2018
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Ulcerated necrobiosis lipoidica: A cutaneous granulomatous reaction associated with systemic B-cell lymphoma.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2018 Jul-Aug;84(4):481-484

Department of Dermatology, Razi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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Unconventional use of fractional ablative CO laser in necrobiosis lipoidica.

J Cosmet Laser Ther 2018 May 8:1-2. Epub 2018 May 8.

a Dermatology , Habib Thameur Hospital , Tunis , Tunisia.

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Photodynamic therapy of necrobiosis lipoidica using methyl aminolevulinate: A retrospective follow-up study.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2018 Jun 4;22:223-226. Epub 2018 May 4.

Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Introduction: Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a rare, treatment-resistant, granulomatous skin disease of unknown origin, frequently seen in patients with diabetes.

Methods: In this retrospective study we evaluated the long-term efficacy of methyl aminolaevulinate-based photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT), including 80 treatments (70 conventional and 10 daylight PDT), on 65 unselected NL patients treated routinely in our clinic. Superficial curettage, avoiding skin oozing or bleeding, was performed prior to MAL application. Read More

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Keratoacanthomatous Changes: Unifying the Histologic Spectrum of Actinic Granuloma.

Am J Dermatopathol 2018 Apr 24. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Dermatology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL.

Actinic granuloma (AG) manifests as annular plaques on sun-damaged skin. There remains no universal consensus on the nosology, etiology, or clinicopathologic criteria of AG as a distinct entity. Broadly, AG is characterized by granulomatous inflammation, multinucleated giant cells, elastophagocytosis, and the absence of mucin and necrobiosis. Read More

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Pan Afr Med J 2018 3;29. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Hassan II, Fès, Maroc.

Necrobiosis lipoidica is a rare granulomatous dermatosis. It occurs in 0.3-1. Read More

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May 2018
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Ustekinumab to target granulomatous dermatitis in recalcitrant ulcerative necrobiosis lipoidica: case report and proposed mechanism.

Dermatol Online J 2017 Jul 15;23(7). Epub 2017 Jul 15.

Department of Dermatology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California.

We present a 42-year-old woman with no history of diabetes or glucose intolerance who had a 5-year history of ulcerative necrobiosis lipoidica (NL). Despite failure of multiple medications, she experienced clearing of her ulcers after her treatment was changed to ustekinumab. We discuss our patient's disease course and elaborate upon mechanistic reasons for her improvement related to ustekinumab therapy. Read More

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July 2017
2 Reads

The long-term effect of pulsed dye laser on Necrobiosis Lipoidica: A case study.

J Cosmet Laser Ther 2018 Feb 20:1-2. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

a Plastic Surgery Center of Pennsylvania , Erie , PA , USA.

A 57-year-old female was presented with an irrepressible case of Necrobiosis Lipoidica considering the possibility of a surgical skin graft. Instead, a pulsed dye laser treatment was used as an alternate treatment. Previous case studies have been found in the literature on the effect of pulsed dye laser on Necrobiosis Lipoidica. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Granulomatous skin disease with a histological pattern of palisading granuloma - an atypical facial necrobiosis lipoidica or more?

Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2017 Dec 31;34(6):618-621. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Department of Dermatology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

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December 2017

Necrobiosis lipoidica with mucin deposition in a patient with autoimmune thyroiditis.

J Dermatol 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

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February 2018
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Cutaneous Granulomatosis: a Comprehensive Review.

Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2018 Feb;54(1):131-146

Clinique de Dermatologie, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil 4, CH-1211, Genève, Switzerland.

Cutaneous granulomatosis is a heterogeneous group of diseases, characterized by a skin inflammatory reaction triggered by a wide variety of stimuli, including infections, foreign bodies, malignancy, metabolites, and chemicals. From a pathogenic point of view, they are divided into non-infectious and infectious granulomas. Pathophysiological mechanisms are still poorly understood. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Miscellaneous skin disease and the metabolic syndrome.

Clin Dermatol 2018 Jan - Feb;36(1):94-100. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Department of Dermatology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

The link between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and skin diseases is increasingly important, with new associations being discovered. The association between MetS and psoriasis or MetS and hidradenitis suppurativa is well known, although the relationship between MetS and various autoimmune or inflammatory diseases has only recently attracted interest. Some inflammatory skin diseases, such as vitiligo, scleredema, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, Behçet disease, rosacea, necrobiosis lipoidica, granuloma annulare, skin tags, knuckle pads, and eruptive xanthomas, have possible associations with MetS. Read More

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September 2017
22 Reads

Dermatologic manifestations of endocrine disorders.

Transl Pediatr 2017 Oct;6(4):300-312

The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH, USA.

The skin serves as a window for clinicians to understand, diagnose, and monitor endocrine disease. Dermatologic manifestations of endocrinopathies contribute significantly to an individual's health and quality of life. In this review, we outline various disorders of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal gland, and androgen axis as well as hereditary endocrine syndromes. Read More

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October 2017
2 Reads

Refractory Ulcerated Necrobiosis Lipoidica: Closure of a Difficult Wound with Topical Tacrolimus.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2017 Oct;30(10):469-472

Luke Ginocchio, BS, is a Medical Student; Lisa Draghi, RPA-c, is a Physician Assistant; and Farbod Darvishian, MD, is Associate Professor, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York. Frank L. Ross, MD, FACS, is Associate Director, Helen L. and Martin S. Kimmel Hyperbaric and Advanced Wound Healing Center; and Associate Professor of Surgery, NYU Langone Medical Center New York, New York.

Objective: To report a case of refractory ulcerated necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) with significant response to treatment with topical tacrolimus.

Subject: A 55-year-old woman without diabetes and with a previous history of NL presented to the Helen L. and Martin S. Read More

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October 2017
4 Reads

Xanthoma-like Skin Changes in an Elderly Woman with a Normal Lipid Profile.

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):167-169

Professor Joanna Maj, MD, PhD, Department and Clinic of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, Chałubińskiego 1, PL-50-368 Wrocław, Poland;

Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Read More

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July 2017
13 Reads

Interstitial Granulomatous Dermatitis (IGD).

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2017 Jul 21;5(4):543-544. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical Institute of Ministry of Interior, and Onkoderma Polyclinic for Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Sofia, Bulgaria.

We report the case of a 42 years old male patient suffering from skin changes, which appeared in the last 7-8 years. Two biopsies were performed during the evolution of the lesion. Both showed similar findings that consisted in a busy dermis with interstitial, superficial and deep infiltrates of lymphocytes and histiocytes dispersed among collagen bundles, with variable numbers of neutrophils scattered throughout. Read More

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July 2017
5 Reads

Painful rash on hospitalized patient with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

Authors:
William Sanders

Eur J Intern Med 2018 Apr 9;50:e5-e6. Epub 2017 Jul 9.

Georgia Campus-Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine (GA-PCOM) Suwanee, GA 30024, United States; Houston Medical Center, Warner Robins, GA 31088, United States. Electronic address:

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April 2018
3 Reads

Narrow-band UVB for pretibial (necrobiosis lipoidica-like) involvement of cutaneous sarcoidosis: a promising therapeutic option.

Eur J Dermatol 2017 10;27(5):537-539

Department of Dermatology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

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October 2017
2 Reads

Necrobiosis lipoidica following Q-switched laser tattoo removal.

Australas J Dermatol 2017 Nov 28;58(4):e268-e270. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Pathology, Sullivan Nicolaides Pathology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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November 2017
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A systematic review of the relationship between glycemic control and necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Int J Dermatol 2017 Dec 26;56(12):1319-1327. Epub 2017 Jun 26.

Department of Medicine (Dermatology), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The association of specific skin disorders with diabetes mellitus (DM) has been well established. Current literature suggests that approximately 30-91% of patients with diabetes will experience at least one cutaneous manifestation of this systemic disease in their lifetime. To date, there are limited articles summarizing the link between necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD) prognosis and glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Read More

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December 2017
6 Reads

[Chronic leg ulcers].

Authors:
J Dissemond

Hautarzt 2017 Aug;68(8):614-620

Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45122, Essen, Deutschland.

Chronic wounds often manifest as ulcers on the lower legs. The main causes of chronic leg ulcers are chronic venous insufficiency and/or peripheral arterial occlusive disease in approximately 80% of all patients. However, there are also numerous other potentially relevant factors which can cause or almost impede the healing of chronic leg ulcers. Read More

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August 2017
18 Reads

[Evidence of compression therapy].

Hautarzt 2017 Aug;68(8):625-631

Klinik- und Poliklinik für Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten, Universitätsmedizin Greifswald, F.-Sauerbruchstr., 17475, Greifswald, Deutschland.

Background: Medical compression therapy is widely used to treat phlebologic diseases. Compression bandages as well as compression stockings are used. Compression has been identified to be an effective conservative therapy for the healing of venous ulcers and other indications. Read More

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August 2017
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[Clinical and histological spectrum of palisaded granulomatous dermatitides : Granuloma annulare, necrobiosis lipoidica, rheumatoid nodules, and necrobiotic xanthogranuloma].

Hautarzt 2017 Jul;68(7):536-541

Hautklinik, Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Deutschland.

The palisading granulomatous dermatitides comprise a group of different skin diseases with similar histomorphologic forms of granuloma in the skin. Histopathologically characteristic are areas in the reticular dermis and subcutaneous fat with degenerated bundles of collagen surrounded by histiocytes and multinucleate giant cells aligned in a palisade (necrobiotic granuloma). Within the center of palisaded granulomas, mucin or fibrin can be found. Read More

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July 2017
3 Reads

Atypical Localization of Necrobiosis Lipoidica: Involvement of the Face and Scalp.

Skin Appendage Disord 2017 May 16;3(2):92-94. Epub 2017 Mar 16.

Department of Dermatology, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

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May 2017
1 Read

Cutaneous Manifestations of Diabetes Mellitus: A Review.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2017 Aug;18(4):541-553

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Jena, Erfurter Straße 35, 07740, Jena, Germany.

Diabetes mellitus is a widespread endocrine disease with severe impact on health systems worldwide. Increased serum glucose causes damage to a wide range of cell types, including endothelial cells, neurons, and renal cells, but also keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Skin disorders can be found in about one third of all people with diabetes and frequently occur before the diagnosis, thus playing an important role in the initial recognition of underlying disease. Read More

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August 2017
3 Reads

Ulcerative necrobiosis lipoidica in the setting of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α and hydroxychloroquine treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.

JAAD Case Rep 2017 Mar 12;3(2):127-130. Epub 2017 Mar 12.

Department of Dermatology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri.

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March 2017
2 Reads

[First manifestation of leg ulcers : Analysis of data from 1000 patients].

Hautarzt 2017 Jun;68(6):483-491

Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45122, Essen, Deutschland.

Background: More than 1 million people in Germany suffer from leg ulcers. The diagnosis leg ulcer summarizes many different etiologies. The therapy of leg ulcers is an interdisciplinary and interprofessional challenge. Read More

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June 2017
1 Read

What is new in the histogenesis of granulomatous skin diseases?

Authors:
Jun Asai

J Dermatol 2017 Mar;44(3):297-303

Department of Dermatology, Kyoto prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.

A granuloma is a form of inflammation, which predominantly consists of macrophages. It typically develops when the immune system attempts to enclose substances that are usually insoluble and cannot be eliminated to prevent the spread of these substances to the other body compartments. According to the source of the substances, granulomatous diseases can be divided into two groups: infectious and non-infectious. Read More

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March 2017
1 Read

Diabetes mellitus and the skin.

An Bras Dermatol 2017 Jan-Feb;92(1):8-20

Department of Dermatology and Radiotherapy - Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP) -Botucatu (SP), Brazil.

Several dermatoses are routinely associated with diabetes mellitus, especially in patients with chronic disease. This relationship can be easily proven in some skin disorders, but it is not so clear in others. Dermatoses such necrobiosis lipoidica, granuloma annulare, acanthosis nigricans and others are discussed in this text, with an emphasis on proven link with the diabetes or not, disease identification and treatment strategy used to control those dermatoses and diabetes. Read More

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October 2017
4 Reads

Update: Treatment of necrobiosis lipoidica.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2017 Feb;15(2):151-157

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Jena, Germany.

Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a rare granulomatous disease of hitherto unclear etiology frequently seen in patients with diabetes. Characterized by its potential for ulcerations, it often presents a serious burden for those affected. There are currently neither German nor European guidelines for the treatment of NL. Read More

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February 2017
2 Reads

Update: Therapie der Necrobiosis lipoidica.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2017 Feb;15(2):151-158

Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena.

Die Necrobiosis lipoidica ist eine seltene granulomatöse Erkrankung von bisher unzureichend geklärter Ätiologie. Häufig stellt die bei Diabetikern gehäuft zu beobachtende und zur Ulzeration neigende Dermatose eine starke Belastung für die Patienten dar. Bezüglich der Therapie existieren aktuell keine deutschen oder europäischen Leitlinien. Read More

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February 2017
5 Reads

A granulomatous conundrum: Concurrent necrobiosis lipoidica, cutaneous sarcoidosis and erythema nodosum in a nondiabetic patient.

Australas J Dermatol 2017 Nov 17;58(4):e232-e235. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

Australian National University Medical School, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) and cutaneous sarcoidosis are granulomatous disorders with a largely unknown aetiopathogenesis. Evidence of co-existing NL and sarcoidosis in the same patient may suggest a degree of overlap between these entities through shared granulomatous inflammatory pathways. Occasionally, one condition can mimic the other, making their distinction difficult. Read More

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November 2017
2 Reads

Panniculitis: A summary.

Authors:
Mark R Wick

Semin Diagn Pathol 2017 May 27;34(3):261-272. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

Section of Dermatopathology,Dermatopathology, Division of Surgical Pathology & Cytopathology, University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address:

The diagnosis of panniculitis is felt to be a confusing topic by some pathologists. This summarical article presents inflammatory diseases of the subcutis in a systematic fashion, based on whether they are centered on fibrovascular septa or the adipose lobules, and whether morphologic vasculitis is present or not. Septocentric, non-vasculitis disorders include erythema nodosum, panniculitis that follows the use of "biological" therapeutic agents, lipodermatosclerosis, post-irradiation panniculitis, morphea profunda, and necrobiosis lipodica profunda. Read More

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May 2017
2 Reads

Granulomatous & histiocytic dermatitides.

Authors:
Mark R Wick

Semin Diagn Pathol 2017 May 14;34(3):301-311. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

Section of Dermatopathology, Division of Surgical & Cytological Pathology, University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address:

Granulomas of the skin may be classified in several ways. They are either infectious or non-infectious in character, and they contain areas of necrobiosis or necrosis, or not. Responsible infectious agents may be mycobacterial, fungal, treponemal, or parasitic organisms, and each case of granulomatous dermatitis should be assessed histochemically for those microbes. Read More

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May 2017
7 Reads

Specific skin signs as a cutaneous marker of diabetes mellitus and the prediabetic state - a systematic review.

Dan Med J 2017 Jan;64(1)

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus and the prediabetic state are associated with a number of skin manifestations. This study is a systematic review of the following manifestations: acanthosis nigricans (AN), skin tags (ST), diabetic dermopathy (DD), rubeosis faciei (RF), pruritus (PR), granuloma annulare (GA), necrobiosis lipoidica (NL), scleroedema diabeticorum (SD) and bullosis diabeticorum (BD). These conditions possibly relate to underlying diabetogenic mechanisms. Read More

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January 2017
13 Reads

Subcutaneous dirofilariasis: a masquerade of a palisaded granulomatous dermatitis.

J Cutan Pathol 2017 Apr 15;44(4):373-375. Epub 2017 Feb 15.

Department of Pathology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire.

Dirofilaria species are roundworms responsible for "heartworm" in canines. On occasion, humans are an accidental host, resulting in pulmonary (Dirofilaria immitis) or extrapulmonary (Dirofilaria repens) manifestations. Of the extrapulmonary sites of involvement, subcutaneous involvement is particularly common. Read More

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Necrobiosis Lipoidica.

Indian Pediatr 2016 Sep;53(9):848

Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Isparta, Turkey.

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September 2016
4 Reads

Necrobiosis lipoidica of the glans penis: a case report and literature review.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2016 Oct;14(10):1040-1041

Department of Pathology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

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October 2016
1 Read

Necrobiosis lipoidica der Peniseichel: ein Fallbericht mit Literaturüberblick.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2016 Oct;14(10):1039-1040

Department of Pathology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

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October 2016
1 Read

[Perforating necrobiosis lipoidica].

Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Feb 7;144(2):158-160. Epub 2016 Oct 7.

Cabinet de dermatologie, 8, rue Jules-Ferry, 33290 Blanquefort, France.

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February 2017
1 Read

Necrobiosis Lipoidica.

J Pediatr 2016 Dec 26;179:272-272.e1. Epub 2016 Sep 26.

Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine Houston, Texas.

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December 2016
3 Reads

Dermoscopy could be useful in differentiating sarcoidosis from necrobiotic granulomas even after treatment with systemic steroids.

Dermatol Pract Concept 2016 Jul 31;6(3):17-22. Epub 2016 Jul 31.

Dermatology Department Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Diagnosing cutaneous sarcoidosis and necrobiotic granulomas is challenging.

Objective: Assessing the value of dermoscopy in differentiating cutaneous sarcoidosis from necrobiotic granulomas and evaluating whether their dermoscopic features will be altered after treatment.

Methods: Nineteen cutaneous sarcoidosis and 11 necrobiotic granuloma patients (2 necrobiosis lipoidica, 4 granuloma annulare and 5 rheumatoid nodule) were included in this study. Read More

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July 2016
3 Reads

An atrophic plaque on the breast six years after breast reconstruction surgery.

Dermatol Online J 2016 Jun 15;22(6). Epub 2016 Jun 15.

Department of Dermatology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University.

Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a cutaneous disease entity that typically manifests as atrophic yellow plaques with telangiectasias on the anterior tibial region. Although NL is commonly associated with diabetes mellitus, the role of trauma in disease development is less commonly emphasized. The relationship between NL and the Köbner phenomenon has been established, as a few cases of NL occurring in surgical scars have been reported in the literature. Read More

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June 2016
2 Reads

Dermoscopy in General Dermatology: A Practical Overview.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2016 Dec 9;6(4):471-507. Epub 2016 Sep 9.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Dermatology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

Over the last few years, dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful tool in assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders. In this article, we sought to provide an up-to-date practical overview on the use of dermoscopy in general dermatology by analysing the dermoscopic differential diagnosis of relatively common dermatological disorders grouped according to their clinical presentation, i.e. Read More

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December 2016
23 Reads

Ultraviolet A1 phototherapy: One center's experience.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2017 Jan-Feb;83(1):60-65

Department of Dermatology and Photobiology, Ninewells University Hospital, Dundee, DD1 9SY, Scotland, UK.

Background: Ultraviolet A1(UVA1) phototherapy is increasingly being used in the treatment of morphea, atopic dermatitis, lupus and some other recalcitrant dermatoses. We present a retrospective review of our experience with this modality.

Aim: To evaluate the treatment response rates for various dermatoses and adverse effects of UVA1 phototherapy. Read More

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May 2017
1 Read

sQuiz your knowledge: erythematous-violet plaques on the legs of a diabetic boy.

Eur J Dermatol 2016 Jan-Feb;26(1):119-20

Dermatology and Venereology Department, CHLC, Alameda Santo António dos Capuchos, 1169-050 Lisboa, Portugal.

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December 2016
1 Read

Risk factors for necrobiosis lipoidica in Type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Diabet Med 2017 01 21;34(1):86-92. Epub 2016 May 21.

Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, ZIBMT, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Aims: To compare the clinical and metabolic characteristics of patients with Type 1 diabetes and necrobiosis lipoidica with those of patients with Type 1 diabetes who do not have necrobiosis lipoidica. A multicentre analysis was performed.

Methods: Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 64 133 patients (aged 0-25 years) with Type 1 diabetes with and without necrobiosis lipoidica who were registered in the German/Austrian Diabetes Prospective Documentation Initiative registry. Read More

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January 2017
2 Reads