47,517 results match your criteria Neck Trauma


The Role of Neck Musculature in Traumatic Brain Injuries in Older Adults: Implications From Sports Medicine.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2019 27;6:53. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are common and serious injuries to older adults. The majority of TBIs in older adults are sustained when the head impacts the ground or other surface during a fall. While several non-modifiable risk factors have been identified for fall-related TBIs in older adults, there still remains a dearth of knowledge surrounding modifiable risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2019.00053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455050PMC

Clinical presentation and outcome after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for degenerative cervical disc disease.

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2019 Jan-Mar;10(1):28-32

Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a well-described surgical approach for symptomatic degenerative cervical disc disease which does not respond to conservative management. In the present study, we assessed clinical presentation and outcomes of ACDF.

Materials And Methods: The present study was conducted from October 1, 2015, to October 31, 2017, in the Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, among 100 consecutive adult patients who underwent single- or two-level ACDF for degenerative cervical disc disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_87_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469327PMC

Non-radiation occupational hazards and health issues faced by radiologists - A cross-sectional study of Indian radiologists.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2019 Jan-Mar;29(1):61-66

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Context: Radiologists as a group face unique occupational health hazards among which musculoskeletal injuries, chronic eye strain, and others are yet to receive adequate attention. Constant mental strain due to demanding turnaround times and work pressures may lead to burnout and depression. These combine to decrease overall work satisfaction and productivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijri.IJRI_403_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467047PMC

An assessment of the utility and functionality of wearable head impact sensors in Australian Football.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Surgery, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: To assess the utility and functionality of the X-Patch as a measurement tool to study head impact exposure in Australian Football. Accuracy, precision, reliability and validity were examined.

Designs: Laboratory tests and prospective observational study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14402440183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Bilateral Femoroacetabular Impingement: What is the Fate of the Asymptomatic Hip?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 May;477(5):983-989

I. Azboy , Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Medipol University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey I. Azboy, H. H. Ceylan, H. Groff, H. Vahedi, J. Parvizi, The Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Bilateral symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is common. However, the fate of asymptomatic hip in patients with the radiographic diagnosis of bilateral FAI and unilateral symptoms remains unknown.

Questions/purposes: (1) What is the likelihood of the asymptomatic hip becoming painful in patients with unilateral symptoms but with radiographic evidence of bilateral femoroacetabular impingement? (2) What radiological and clinical factors are associated with the development of symptoms in an asymptomatic hip diagnosed with FAI?

Methods: A longitudinally maintained institutional FAI database was queried to collect relevant data for this retrospective study. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00003086-201905000-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000699DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

'Golden Patient': A quality improvement project aiming to improve trauma theatre efficiency in the Royal Gwent Hospital.

BMJ Open Qual 2019 18;8(1):e000515. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Orthopaedics, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, UK.

The efficiency of trauma lists when compared with elective orthopaedic lists is a frustration of many orthopaedic departments. At the Royal Gwent Hospital, late start times affecting total operating capacity of the trauma list were recognised as a problem within the department. The design team aimed to improve the start time of the list with the introduction of the 'golden patient' initiative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjoq-2018-000515DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440604PMC
February 2019

Primary Petrous Apex Epidermoids With Skull Base Erosion.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Objective: To describe the clinical course and treatment outcomes for patients with petrous apex epidermoid with skull base erosion.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Setting: Tertiary-care academic center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002199DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Diagnostic Accuracy of a 3-Point Ultrasound Protocol to Detect Esophageal or Endobronchial Mainstem Intubation in a Pediatric Emergency Department.

J Ultrasound Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Bureau of International Health Cooperation, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the 3-point approach with ultrasonography for confirming endotracheal tube (ETT) placement in pediatric patients.

Methods: This was a prospective study conducted at a tertiary care center in Japan between March 2014 and March 2016. Children aged 0 to 18 years requiring endotracheal intubation in our emergency department (ED) who underwent ultrasonography for confirming ETT placement were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.15000DOI Listing

Main Clinical Use of Additive Manufacturing (Three-Dimensional Printing) in Finland Restricted to the Head and Neck Area in 2016-2017.

Scand J Surg 2019 Apr 17:1457496919840958. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background And Aims: Additive manufacturing or three-dimensional printing is a novel production methodology for producing patient-specific models, medical aids, tools, and implants. However, the clinical impact of this technology is unknown. In this study, we sought to characterize the clinical adoption of medical additive manufacturing in Finland in 2016-2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1457496919840958DOI Listing

E-bike-related cranial injuries in pediatric population.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv University, 6 Weizman Street, 64239, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: E-bikes are being used increasingly by all age groups. Children riding e-bikes often do not use safety equipment such as helmets, and are at increased risk for injuries requiring neurosurgery. The most common type of injury among pediatric e-bikers is head and neck trauma. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-019-04146-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04146-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Clinical features and treatment of 140 cases of Marjolin's ulcer at a major burn center in southwest China.

Exp Ther Med 2019 May 7;17(5):3403-3410. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing 400038, P.R. China.

Marjolin's ulcer is a type of malignant tumor that occurs in scar tissue. The present study aimed to summarize and analyze the aetiology, clinical characteristics, treatment methods, metastasis and prognosis of this disease. A total of 140 cases of Marjolin's ulcer encountered at the Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital (Chongqing, China) between January 2013 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447797PMC

Increased Prevalence of Femoroacetabular Impingement in Patients With Proximal Hamstring Tendon Injuries.

Arthroscopy 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Orthopedics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of clinically diagnosed femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in a consecutive series of patients presenting with proximal hamstring tendon injury and to correlate this with pelvic anatomic factors.

Methods: The prevalence of clinically symptomatic cam-, pincer-, and mixed-type and overall FAI was calculated among a consecutive series of patients presenting to a hip preservation clinic with a confirmed clinical and radiographic diagnosis of proximal hamstring tendon injury between 2012 and 2017. The presence of a cam lesion was determined by an alpha angle > 50° on radiographs and computed tomography radial sequences of the head-neck junction and a femoral head-neck offset ratio < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.11.037DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Infection prevalence and patterns in self-inflicted gunshot wounds to the face.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Head and Neck Institute, Portland, OR, USA.

Objective: Self-inflicted gunshot wounds (SIGSWs) to the craniomaxillofacial region are uncommon injuries but are associated with a high mortality rate. Therefore, treating these patients is a rare occurrence even in the largest trauma centers. As with many rare conditions, data specifically addressing this injury pattern are scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2019.02.022DOI Listing
February 2019

Finite Element Analysis and Biomechanical Testing of the New MiniMIS Short Stem.

Z Orthop Unfall 2019 Apr 15;157(2):188-193. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Laboratory for Biomechanics and Implant Research, Clinic for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Heidelberg.

Introduction: In hip arthroplasty a trend towards short stem prostheses is observed. The aim of this study is to investigate the finite element analysis and biomechanical fatigue performance of a new short stem prosthesis.

Methods: A finite element analysis was used to simulate the stresses during neck and stem loading according to the ISO standards. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0715-2398DOI Listing

Anatomical Pathology, Behavioral, and Physiological Responses Induced by Application of Non-penetrating Captive Bolt Devices in Layer Chickens.

Front Vet Sci 2019 28;6:89. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

We evaluated three models of non-penetrating captive bolt devices, Zephyr-E, Zephyr- EXL, and Turkey euthanasia device (TED) for time to loss of sensibility and degree of brain damage during euthanasia in four age groups of male and female layer chickens (10-11, 20-21, 30-35, 60-70 weeks respectively). Latencies to onset of insensibility and cardiac arrest were assessed to detect whether killing birds via these devices was humane and effective. Both gross and microscopic pathology evaluations were conducted to score skull and brain trauma post mortem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447681PMC
March 2019
1 Read

[Mid-term effectiveness of surgical hip dislocation for femoroacetabular impingement].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;33(4):451-454

Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 200233, P.R.China.

Objective: To assess the mid-term effecitveness of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) treated by surgical hip dislocation.

Methods: Between April 2014 and August 2015, 15 patients (16 hips) with FAI were enrolled in the study and treated with surgical hip dislocation. There were 12 males and 3 females with an average age of 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201811083DOI Listing

Homicide patterns for the last 20 years in South and South East Delhi, India.

Med Sci Law 2019 Apr;59(2):83-94

1 Department of Forensic Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India.

Homicide patterns are a useful indicator of social stress in a community, and they provide law-enforcement authorities with helpful information. This study was undertaken at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, in order to understand the regional pattern of homicide. Data from the last 20 years were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025802419838444DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Ring orthosis design and production by rapid prototyping approach.

J Hand Ther 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Study Design: In this study, ring orthosis design and manufacturing was performed by using rapid prototyping technology.

Introduction: Swan neck and boutonniere deformities may occur because of various reasons such as tendon injuries, sharp object injuries, or rheumatic diseases. Although the ring orthoses are the most commonly used conservative treatment method for swan neck and buttonhole deformities, they cannot be widely used because they are both difficult to produce and esthetically unsatisfied with the patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jht.2019.02.003DOI Listing

Evaluation of Factors Related to Mortality Caused by Firearm Injury: A Retrospective Analysis from Malatya, Turkey.

Arch Iran Med 2019 Feb 1;22(2):80-84. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.

Background: Firearm related injuries continue to increase throughout the world and they become the first or second cause of mortality in worldwide. The present study aimed to determine the factors that affect mortality in firearm injuries.

Methods: The patients which were admitted to emergency service between January 2011 and December 2015 due to firearm injuries, were reviewed from hospital records. Read More

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February 2019

A review of forensic analysis of dental and maxillofacial skeletal trauma.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 24;299:80-88. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

Forensic Anthropology Center, Texas State University, 601 University Dr, San Marcos, TX, 78666, United States. Electronic address:

Dental and maxillofacial trauma analysis in the forensic context, includes assessment of both living and deceased persons. It is required in all cases where human abuse is suspected and where signs of skeletal trauma are detected in human remains. Skeletal trauma refers to the damage inflicted to bone, teeth and other hard tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.027DOI Listing
March 2019
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Multidetector CT of Laryngeal Injuries: Principles of Injury Recognition.

Radiographics 2019 Apr 12:180076. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

From the Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115.

Blunt laryngeal trauma is associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, owing to their relatively rare occurrence, laryngeal injuries may be missed or underdiagnosed. Even subtle abnormalities at multidetector CT may correspond to significant functional abnormalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180076DOI Listing

An unusual case of a giant extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm.

Vascular 2019 Apr 11:1708538119843403. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2 Department of Pathology, Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan.

Objective: Extracranial vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms are rare and are often post-traumatic secondary to penetrating or blunt injuries. Primary extracranial VA aneurysms are far less common. Most of these lesions are located in the proximal (V) and middle (V) segments of the VA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1708538119843403DOI Listing
April 2019
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A Differentiated View on Short Stemmed Hip Arthroplasty - What are the Differences in Fixation and Biomechanics?

Z Orthop Unfall 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department for Trauma Surgery, Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Catholic Karl Leisner Hospital Kleve, Witten/Herdecke University, Faculty of Health, Witten.

The present paper gives an overview of the different types of short stem total hip replacements. There is a pronounced inhomogeneity of the nomenclature in clinical practice as well as in regard to the scientific literature. Examples include neck preserving implants, meta-, epi- or metadiaphyseal fixed implants, microimplants, ultrashort implants, partial neck preserving implants, trochanteric sparing implants, implants with extra- and/or intramedullar fixation, implants without primary fixation, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0808-5115DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Sentinel lymph node fingerprinting.

Phys Med Biol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Basel, Basel, SWITZERLAND.

Background - When locating the Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN), surgeons use state-of-the-art imaging devices, such as a 1-dimensional gamma probe or less widely spread a 2-dimensional gamma camera. These devices project the 3D subspace onto a 1D respectively 2D space, hence loosing accuracy and the depth of the SLN which is very important, especially in the head and neck area with many critical structures in close vicinity. Recent methods which use a multi-pinhole collimator and a single gamma detector image try to gain a depth estimation of the SLN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ab177dDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Advanced Ulcerated Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hand with Locoregional Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis - Case Report and Literature Review.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Mar 14;7(5):791-793. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Center for Physical and Rehabilitative Medicine, Städtisches Klinikum Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Background: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hand is the most common soft-tissue malignancy in this particular region. A literature survey suggested a higher rate of metastases in advanced SCC of the hand compared to head-and-neck cutaneous SCC.

Case Report: An 84-year-old man presented with an ulcerated firm tumour on the dorsum of his right hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447345PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Squamous cell carcinoma at sites of old maxillary fractures.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Kagoshima, Japan.

Malignancies have been reported to occasionally arise in scar tissue following injury. One hypothesis involves prolonged overactivation of tissue repair systems due to chronic inflammation and irritation, although the pathogenesis of cancers occurring in scars is not fully understood. We describe here two cases with a history of maxillary fracture at the site where squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) subsequently developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2019.03.008DOI Listing

The demographics of dog bites in the United States.

Authors:
Randall T Loder

Heliyon 2019 Mar 20;5(3):e01360. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Riley Children's Hospital, 705 Riley Hospital Drive, ROC 4250, Indianapolis, IN 46202 USA.

Dog bites are a significant public health issue. There is no comprehensive study of dog bite demographics. It was the purpose of this study to perform such an analysis across the US. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01360DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431755PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Intervening in the Acute Phase of Postradiation Carotid Blowout Syndrome.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 1;23(2):172-177. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

 Acute carotid blowout syndrome (aCBS) is a severe complication of head and neck cancer (HNC). It can be defined as a rupture of the extracranial carotid arteries, or one of their branches, that causes life-threatening hemorrhage, and which nowadays can be treated with urgent endovascular intervention.  We retrospectively evaluate the endovascular management of aCBS and its outcome in years of survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676660DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449140PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Craniocervical Arterial Dissection in Children: Pathophysiology and Management.

Pediatr Neurol 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Section of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada; Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Craniocervical arterial dissection is a commonly reported arteriopathy associated with stroke in children. It is characterized by a high stroke recurrence rate and variable outcomes. Here we review the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic neuroimaging approaches that are helpful in accurate diagnosis and follow-up of children with arterial dissection. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08878994183130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2019.01.020DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Proximal radius fracture morphology following axial force impact: a biomechanical evaluation of fracture patterns.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Apr 6;20(1):147. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Helios Hospital Munich West, Steinerweg 5, 81241, Munich, Germany.

Background: The most common location for articular fractures of the radial head is often reported to be the anterior lateral aspect of the radial head with the arm in neutral position. However, these findings mainly base on clinical observations rather than precise biomechanical measurements. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the formation of proximal radius fractures, the association between axial forces and fracture morphology, energy to failure and bone stiffness in a biomechanical in-vitro setup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2529-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451781PMC

Skip corpectomy and fusion (SCF) versus anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF): which is better for patients with multilevel cervical OPLL?

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Spine Center, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, No. 415, Fengyang Road, Shanghai, 200003, People's Republic of China.

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy and radiological outcomes of skip corpectomy and fusion (SCF) with anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) for treating multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).

Methods: 62 patients with multilevel OPLL who had undergone SCF or ACAF were analyzed retrospectively. Types of OPLL, occupying ratio (OR), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, Recovery Rate (RR), Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, Cobb's angles of C2-C7, operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, ratings for fusion assessment and complications were recorded and assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-019-03182-yDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The effectiveness of preoperative colon cleansing on post-operative surgical site infection after hip hemiarthroplasty.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Umraniye Education and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Trauma, SB University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of prophylactic mechanical bowel preparation in elderly patients undergoing hip hemiarthroplasty in a single training institution over a period of 2 years.

Patients And Methods: The study was conducted in a prospective-randomised manner. All patients, who underwent primary hip hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture in our institution between 20 February 2015 and 29 December 2016, were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01125-1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Semirigid cervical spine collar and risk of missing significant soft tissue injuries.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 4;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pinderfields Hospital, Wakefield, UK.

We report the case of an initial misdiagnosis of significant scalp soft tissue hidden beneath a semirigid cervical collar. A 16-year-old unrestrained rear seat passenger was involved in an RTA sustaining a subdural haematoma, cervical spine fractures and what was initially diagnosed as a significant degloving scalp injury. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit intubated sedated, and with a cervical collar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228761DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Elastic stabile intramedullary nailing (ESIN) of diaphyseal femur fractures in children and adolescents: A strobe-compliant study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15085

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Elastic stabile intramedullary nailing (ESIN) is a well-established method to stabilize diaphyseal fracture of the femur (DFF) in children. We aimed to evaluate the minimal medullary canal diameter (MMCD) of the fractured femur relative to the diameter of the nails. We also analyzed the real anteversion angle (AVA) of the affected femur in comparison to the healthy femur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015085DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating the Effects of a Novel Neuromuscular Neck Training Device on Multiplanar Static and Dynamic Neck Strength: A Pilot Study.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

School of Physical Therapy, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Versteegh, TH, Dickey, JP, Emery, CA, Fischer, LK, MacDermid, JC, and Walton, DM. Evaluating the effects of a novel neuromuscular neck training device on multiplanar static and dynamic neck strength: A pilot study. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The neck serves an important function in damping the transference of acceleration forces between the head and the trunk, such as that occurring during contact sports or motor vehicle collisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003091DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Comparing Complications and Costs of Total Hip Arthroplasty and Hemiarthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fractures: A Propensity Score-Matched, Population-Based Study.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Apr;101(7):572-579

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery (B.R., D.P., H.K., D.W., R.J., and H.J.K.), and Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (D.P. and H.J.K.), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Although the prevalence of displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly population is increasing worldwide, there remains controversy as to whether these injuries should be managed with hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty. Although total hip arthroplasties result in better function, they are more expensive and may have higher complication rates. Our objective was to compare the complication rates and health-care costs between hemiarthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00539DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Risk factors for femoral stem breakage: an analysis of the AOANJRR results.

Hip Int 2019 Apr 4:1120700019839206. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

5 AOA (Australian Orthopaedic Association) National Joint Replacement Registry, SAHMRI (South Australia Health and Research Institute), Adelaide, Australia.

Introduction:: Breakage of the femoral stem component of a total hip replacement is now uncommon but continues to be seen with certain stem designs and in certain patient groups. Data previously published on this topic has been limited, either gathered from a single surgeon or centre, or included only a single stem design.

Methods:: We reviewed the data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry (AOANJRR), identified and analysed 143 stem breakages over a period of 16 years, covering 44 different stem designs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120700019839206DOI Listing

Transoral Penetrating Trauma to the Skull Base.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 4:145561319834909. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

4 ENT Faculty Practice, Department of Otolaryngology, Pediatric Otolaryngology, Ardsley, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319834909DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Ulnar Collateral Ligament Repair With Collagen-Dipped FiberTape Augmentation in Overhead-Throwing Athletes.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Apr;47(5):1096-1102

American Sports Medicine Institute, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Background:: There has been a renewed interest in ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) repair in overhead athletes because of a greater understanding of UCL injuries, an improvement in fixation technology, and the extensive rehabilitation time to return to play.

Purpose/hypothesis:: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of a novel technique of UCL repair with internal brace augmentation in overhead throwers.

Study Design:: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546519833684DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Expansile Traumatic Neuroma of the Intratemporal Facial Nerve.

J Neurol Surg Rep 2019 Jan 1;80(1):e10-e13. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States.

 To present a rare case of traumatic facial neuroma involving the geniculate ganglion and review relevant literature.  Thirty-year-old man.  Microsurgical resection via combined mastoid-middle fossa approach with great auricular nerve interpositional graft. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1685212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443534PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Ligation of Common Carotid Artery after Penetrating Neck Trauma.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002289DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cochlear Capillary Pericytes.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2019 ;1122:115-123

The Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital, Munich, Germany.

Capillary pericytes in the cochlea of mammals are-compared to pericytes in other tissues, like the CNS-relatively poorly researched. To begin with, there is still a considerable debate as to whether the very last precapillary arterioles should-due to their contractile properties-may be considered to be pericytes.However, cochlear capillary pericytes have shifted into the center of attention in the past decade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11093-2_7DOI Listing
January 2019
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Seizures Causing Simultaneous Bilateral Neck of Femur Fractures.

Case Rep Orthop 2019 27;2019:4570578. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

HOD Orthopaedics Northdale Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Neck of femur fractures are a ubiquitous injury seen by orthopaedic surgeons. In the elderly, these fractures usually occur after a low energy fall, and are invariably unilateral injuries. Bilateral neck of femur fractures have been reported in patients with metabolic bone disease, after electroconvulsive therapy, and in association with stress fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4570578DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415288PMC
February 2019
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Cancer and how the patients see it; prevalence and perception of risk factors: a cross-sectional survey from a tertiary care centre of Karachi, Pakistan.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 1;19(1):360. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: The incidence of cancer is rising but data available regarding prevalence of cancer and patient perception of the disease in Pakistan is limited. It is difficult to deal with Cancer if the main causes are negligence towards risk factors and bizarre myths. This study was aimed to investigate common cancer presentations at a government sector hospital and to gain insight into patient knowledge of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6667-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444817PMC

Idiopathic External Jugular Vein Thrombosis.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2019 6;6(3):001058. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Madrid, Spain.

External jugular vein thrombosis is a rare complication that, when it occurs, is usually secondary to cervical trauma, infection, venous cannulation or malignancy. By contrast, spontaneous external jugular thrombosis is extremely uncommon. We report the case of a 69-year-old woman presenting to the Emergency Department with a 3 centimetre neck lump, which had suddenly appeared on the same day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2019_001058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438117PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Auditory Brainstem Implantation: An Overview.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2019 Apr 14;80(2):203-208. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States.

An auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is a surgically implanted central neural auditory prosthesis for the treatment of profound sensorineural hearing loss in children and adults who are not cochlear implant candidates due to a lack of anatomically intact cochlear nerves or implantable cochleae. The device consists of a multielectrode surface array which is placed within the lateral recess of the fourth ventricle along the brainstem and directly stimulates the cochlear nucleus, thereby bypassing the peripheral auditory system. In the United States, candidacy criteria for ABI include deaf patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) who are 12 years or older undergoing first- or second-side vestibular schwannoma resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1679891DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438789PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Hip capsule biomechanics after arthroplasty: the effect of implant, approach, and surgical repair.

Bone Joint J 2019 04;101-B(4):426-434

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Aims: The hip's capsular ligaments passively restrain extreme range of movement (ROM) by wrapping around the native femoral head/neck. We determined the effect of hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), dual-mobility total hip arthroplasty (DM-THA), conventional THA, and surgical approach on ligament function.

Materials And Methods: Eight paired cadaveric hip joints were skeletonized but retained the hip capsule. Read More

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https://online.boneandjoint.org.uk/doi/10.1302/0301-620X.101
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B4.BJJ-2018-1321.R1DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads