46,756 results match your criteria Neck Trauma


The effect of axial compression and distraction on cervical facet mechanics during anterior shear, flexion, axial rotation, and lateral bending motions.

J Biomech 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Centre for Orthopaedic & Trauma Research, Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Adelaide Spinal Research Group, Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:

The subaxial cervical facets are important load-bearing structures, yet little is known about their mechanical response during physiological or traumatic intervertebral motion. Facet loading likely increases when intervertebral motions are superimposed with axial compression forces, increasing the risk of facet fracture. The aim of this study was to measure the mechanical response of the facets when intervertebral axial compression or distraction is superimposed on constrained, non-destructive shear, bending and rotation motions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.11.047DOI Listing
December 2018

Effect and Mechanism of Ganoderma lucidum Polysaccharides on Human Fibroblasts and Skin Wound Healing in Mice.

Chin J Integr Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Plastic Surgery, the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, 410013, China.

Objective: To investigate the effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GL-PS) on human fifi broblasts and skin wound healing in Kunming male mice and to explore the putative molecular mechanism.

Methods: Primary human skin fifi broblasts were cultured. The viability of fifi broblasts treated with 0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μg/mL of GL-PS, respectively were detected by 3-4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl-2,5-diphenyl-2-Htetrazolium bromide (MTT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11655-018-3060-9DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

[Analysis of infants with moderate to severe laryngomalacia].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Sep;32(18):1406-1409

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361003, China.

To investigate the clinical features and the treatment of moderate-severe laryngeallacia, and the application of CO₂laser supraglotation in laryngeallacia.Collecting the clinical data of 18 infants with moderate-to-severe laryngeallacia diagnosed in our hospital,10 cases were moderate. Eight cases were severe children; according to the classification of laryngeallacia, most of them were mixed type, including 2 cases of type Ⅱ, 3 cases of type Ⅲ, 5 cases of typeⅠ + type Ⅱ, 7 cases of typeⅡ+ type Ⅲ, and 1 case of typeⅠ+ typeⅡ + type Ⅲ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.18.010DOI Listing
September 2018

[Tumor hip prosthesis in fibrous dysplasia of proximal femur. Case report].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 Jul-Aug;32(4):225-228

Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad del Hospital de Traumatología y Ortopedia de Puebla del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Puebla, México.

Background: fibrous dysplasia is characterized by the formation of fibrous tissue that generates immature malformed trabeculae. Their involvement may be monostotic or poliostotic.

Case Report: Thirty years old female with fibrous dysplasia of the left hip. Read More

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December 2018

Neural coding of the sound envelope is changed in the inferior colliculus immediately following acoustic trauma.

Eur J Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Groningen, Netherlands.

Sensorineural hearing loss is often accompanied by difficulties with understanding speech in fluctuating backgrounds, suggesting that neural coding of complex sound features, such as the sound envelope, is impaired. Here, we studied how temporal and rate coding of the envelope is affected in the inferior colliculus immediately after acoustic trauma. Neural activity in response to amplitude-modulated noise was recorded from the inferior colliculus of the guinea pig, before and immediately after a 1-hour 11-kHz acoustic trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14299DOI Listing
December 2018

The Role of Free Tissue Transfer in the Management of Chronic Frontal Sinus Osteomyelitis.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objectives/hypothesis: Chronic frontal sinus infection is managed with a combination of medical and surgical interventions. Frontal bone osteomyelitis due to recurrent infection following trauma or prior open surgery may require more significant debridement. Free tissue transfer may allow for extensive debridement with replacement of tissue, and definitive eradication of osteomyelitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27669DOI Listing
December 2018

Isolated Recovery of Adductor Muscle Function Following Bilateral Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Objectives/hypothesis: The aim of this study was to analyze the phoniatric and respiratory outcomes of a subset of bilateral vocal cord paralysis (BVCP) patients who were all treated with unilateral endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL). EAAL is a nondestructive, minimally invasive glottis widening operation, which does not damage either the surgically treated or the contralateral vocal cord. Therefore, it does not impair the regeneration potential of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27718DOI Listing
December 2018

The role of polysomnography in decannulation of children with brain and spinal cord injuries.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland.

Objective: The objective of this retrospective review was to determine the utility of polysomnography (PSG) in influencing the decision to decannulate pediatric patients with brain and spinal cord injuries in an inpatient rehabilitation hospital setting.

Methods: Between 2010 and 2016, data were collected on pediatric patients with brain and/or spinal cord injuries who had PSG performed with the goal of decannulation. Patients underwent a decannulation protocol involving toleration of continuous tracheostomy capping and bedside tracheoscopy by otolaryngology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24208DOI Listing
December 2018

Low dislocation rate of Saturne/Avantage dual-mobility THA after displaced femoral neck fracture: a cohort study of 966 hips with a minimum 1.6-year follow-up.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University Clinic for Hand, Hip and Knee Surgery, Hospital Unit West, Building 8, Entrance N, 1st floor, Laegaardvej 12, 7500, Holstebro, Denmark.

Introduction: Dislocation is a serious and common complication and a great concern with the use of total hip arthroplasty (THA) when treating displaced femoral neck fracture (FNF). Dual-mobility (DM) THA might reduce the dislocation risk. We aim to report the dislocation and revision rate of primary DM THA in patients with displaced FNF. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00402-018-3093-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-3093-8DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Utility of Geriatric Assessment in the Projection of Early Mortality Following Hip Fracture in the Elderly Patients.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2018 3;9:2151459318813976. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Hip fractures result in significant morbidity and mortality in elders. Indicators of frailty are associated with poor outcomes. Commonly used frailty tools rely on motor skills that cannot be performed by this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2151459318813976DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287303PMC
December 2018

Risk factor of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in trauma patients: A retrospective analysis using Korean trauma database.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13150

Department of Trauma Surgery, Ujeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a comorbid condition prevalent in patients recovering from trauma. Due to the paucity of studies investigating the etiology of this condition, the present study sought to analyze the high-risk group of BPPV patients following trauma.Trauma patients visiting the emergency department from January to December 2016 were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013150DOI Listing
December 2018

Development of injury risk models to guide CT evaluation in the emergency department after motor vehicle collisions.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Dec 13:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

c Department of Public Health , University of Virginia , Charlottesville , Virigina.

Objective: The clinical evaluation of motor vehicle collision (MVC) victims is challenging and commonly relies on computed tomography (CT) to detect internal injuries. CT scans are financially expensive and each scan exposes the patient to additional ionizing radiation with an associated, albeit low, risk of cancer. Injury risk prediction based on regression modeling has been to be shown to be successful in estimating Injury Severity Scores (ISSs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1543872DOI Listing
December 2018

Association Between Conventional Bicycle Helmet Use and Facial Injuries After Bicycle Crashes.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: Bicycling is an increasingly common activity in the United States that is often associated with fall injuries to the head and face. Although helmets lessen head injury, their role in reducing facial injuries is less clear; therefore, it is important to understand the protective capacity for the face in current helmet design.

Objective: To estimate the conventional bicycle helmet's association with the rate of facial injury after bicycle crashes. Read More

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http://archotol.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3351DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of Hybrid III and THOR-M neck kinetics and injury risk under various restraint conditions during full-scale frontal sled tests.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Dec 13:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

a Virginia Tech, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics , Center for Injury Biomechanics , Blacksburg , Virginia.

Objective: The objective of this research was to compare the kinetics and predicted injury risks of the Hybrid III (HIII) and Test device for Human Occupant Restraint (THOR)-M necks during full-scale frontal sled tests under 3 safety restraint conditions: knee bolster (KB), knee bolster and steering wheel airbag (KB/SWAB), and knee bolster airbag and steering wheel airbag (KBAB/SWAB).

Methods: Twelve sled tests were performed for the HIII and THOR-M, and 8 matched sled tests were performed using postmortem human surrogates (PMHSs). The tests were designed to match the 2012 Toyota Camry New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) full-scale crash test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1524141DOI Listing
December 2018

Intraoperative Arthrographic Assessment of Ambiguous Neck of Femur Fractures in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease.

Tech Orthop 2018 Dec 25;33(4):255-257. Epub 2017 Dec 25.

Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, Brighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Brighton, UK.

The loss of bone mineral density caused by Chronic Kidney Disease can make the delineation of a patient's bony anatomy impossible during intra-operative fluoroscopy. This has the potential to increase the failure rate of implants used in the surgical treatment of neck of femur fractures due to sub-optimal placements. Intra-operative arthrograms add to the techniques available to a surgeon to achieve optimal implant placement without compromising the patient's renal function nor increasing the radiation dose exposure to the surgical team. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BTO.0000000000000255DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250269PMC
December 2018

Tinnitus Perspectives among Israeli Ear, Nose and Throat Physicians: A Nationwide Survey.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Tel Aviv University Sackler School of Medicine, Holon, Israel.

Objectives: To study the compliance of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) physicians to the American Association Otolaryngology-Head - Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for tinnitus and to identify the disparity of both diagnosis and management options in the absence of a local protocol for the management of adult tinnitus.

Materials And Methods: A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was emailed in a Google spread-out sheet format to all practicing ENT physicians across the country (n=370). Overall, 126 ENT physicians responded to the questionnaire (34% of the physicians to whom the questionnaire was sent). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2018.5627DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
0.128 Impact Factor

Predictors of Change in Functional Outcome at six months and twelve months after Severe Injury: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

World J Emerg Surg 2018 3;13:57. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

7General and Trauma Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: There is increasing focus on long-term survival, function and quality-of-life for trauma patients. There are few studies tracking longitudinal changes in functional outcome over time. The goal of our study was to compare the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE) at 6 months and 12 months in blunt trauma survivors with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of more than 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13017-018-0217-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276158PMC
December 2018
1.062 Impact Factor

The effect on outcomes of the application of circumferential cerclage cable following intramedullary nailing in reverse intertrochanteric femoral fractures.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Siena College, Loudonville, NY, 12211, USA.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on union results of the application of cerclage cable around the lateral femoral wall (LFW) in postoperative fracture displacement.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective evaluation was made of all the cases of reverse intertrochanteric fractures over a 7-year period in a trauma center. The study included 69 fractures treated with intramedullary nailing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-018-2356-yDOI Listing
December 2018

Novel Treatment Options for the Surgical Management of Young Femoral Neck Fractures.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S33-S37

Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

In physiologically young patients with displaced femoral neck fractures, surgical treatment is aimed at achieving fracture union while preserving native hip anatomy and biomechanics. The intracapsular environment, tenuous vascular supply, and unfavorable hip biomechanics contribute to the high complication rates seen after osteosynthesis of these fractures. Conventional fixation methods for osteosynthesis of femoral neck fractures include multiple cancellous screws, fixed-angle dynamic implants, and fixed-angle length-stable constructs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294468PMC
January 2019

Biomechanics of Femoral Neck Fractures and Implications for Fixation.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S27-S32

*Institute for Biomechanics, BG Unfallklinik Murnau, Murnau, Germany; and †Institute for Biomechanics, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Fractures of the femoral neck can occur in young healthy individuals due to high loads occurring during motor vehicle accidents, impacts, or falls. Failure forces are lower if impacts occur sideways onto the greater trochanter as compared with vertical loading of the hip. Bone density, bone geometry, and thickness of cortical bone at the femoral neck contribute to its mechanical strength. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005131-201901001-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001365DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Technologies for Young Femoral Neck Fracture Fixation.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S20-S26

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC.

Fixation of young femoral neck fractures represents a challenge in the field of orthopaedic trauma surgery. Conventional methods, including cannulated screw and sliding hip screw constructs, have been studied and found to have similar results with regards to patient outcomes, which has made choosing an optimum fixation strategy difficult. In all of these cases, quality of reduction has been shown to be the most important factor when it comes to creating a favorable environment for fracture healing. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005131-201901001-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001367DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Reduction Techniques for Young Femoral Neck Fractures.

Authors:
Jason Halvorson

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S12-S19

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC.

Young femoral neck fractures remain challenging fractures to treat. Reduction has repeatedly been shown to be the single most important determinant of patient outcome, and treating surgeons should do all they can to achieve anatomic reduction because this is an outcome variable within the surgeon's control. Whether an open or closed reduction is performed, we hope to provide the reader with reduction strategies when faced with this difficult fracture pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001370DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Femoral Neck Fractures in Young Patients: State of the Art.

Authors:
Daniel S Chan

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S7-S11

Orthopaedic Trauma Institute, NavicentHealth, Macon, GA.

Femoral neck fractures in young patients are uncommon but are often associated with surgical challenges and complications. The quality of reduction, more than time to surgery, has the most impact on optimizing outcomes and function. There is no consensus in the best fixation construct for these fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001366DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Treatment of Young Femoral Neck Fractures.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S1-S6

Department Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC.

Femoral neck fractures in the physiologically young patient are challenging injuries to manage. A tenuous blood supply and the intrasynovial nature of the fracture create a challenging biological environment. To make matters worse, the biomechanics are equally problematic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001369DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Femoral Neck Fractures in the Physiologically Young Patient.

Authors:
Eben A Carroll

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Jan;33 Suppl 1:S1

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001364DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Madelung's disease - progressive, excessive, and symmetrical deposition of adipose tissue in the subcutaneous layer: case report and literature review.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2018 26;11:819-825. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Surgery with Trauma, Orthopaedic and Urological Subunit, Independent Public Health Care Center of the Ministry of Interior and Administration in Lublin, Lublin, Poland,

Madelung's disease is a rare disorder described for the first time in the year 1846 by Brodie. It is characterized by the occurrence of progressive, excessive, and symmetrical deposits of adipose tissue in the subcutaneous layer. Most often, these changes concern the neck, the nape of the neck, arms, and upper back, giving the patients a specific, pseudoathletic appearance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S181154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263218PMC
November 2018

Laryngeal mask airway versus endotracheal tube for percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in critically ill adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Nov 15;11:CD009901. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Wiesbaden Business School, RheinMain University of Applied Science, Bleichstr. 44, Wiesbaden, Germany, 65183.

Background: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is one of the most common bedside surgical procedures performed in critically ill adults, on intensive care units (ICUs), who require long-term ventilation. PDT is associated with relevant life-threatening complications: Cuff rupture or accidental extubation may lead to hypoxia, aspiration or loss of airway. Puncture of the oesophagus, or creating a false passage during dilatation or replacement of the tracheostomy tube, can lead to pneumothorax or emphysema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009901.pub3DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Wide diameter bone-anchored hearing system implants: a comparison of long-term follow-up data between tissue reduction and tissue preservation techniques.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: To present long-term data on the Wide Ponto implant bone-anchored hearing system (BAHS) in regards to implant stability, soft tissue reaction and implant loss for two case series undergone either the tissue reduction- or the tissue preservation surgical technique.

Methods: Comparison of two consecutive, prospective case series. Each case series enrolled 24 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5228-5DOI Listing
December 2018

Bisphosphonates-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw - epidemiological, clinical and histopathological aspects.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):825-831

Department of Microscopic Morphology, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania; Department of ENT, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania;

Introduction: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a multifactorial condition associated with bisphosphonates (BPs) treatment, head and neck irradiation, malignancy, chemotherapy, periodontal disease or trauma. The first cases of BPs-related ONJ (BRONJ) were reported over a decade ago.

Patients, Materials And Methods: The study was retrospective and analyzed archived material. Read More

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January 2018

Cement Augmentation of Dynamic Hip Screw to Prevent Screw Cut Out in Osteoporotic Patients with Intertrochanteric Fractures: A Case Series.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):269-275. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Kota, India.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe a method of inserting cement in the femoral head before fixation with dynamic hip screw to prevent screw cut out due to osteoporosis and to evaluate its clinical outcome in these patients.

Materials And Methods: In this prospective study, 30 patients aged 60 years and older with intertrochanteric fracture were included. Bone mineral density was measured. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5371/hp.2018.30.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5371/hp.2018.30.4.269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284069PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Non-union in a neck of fifth metatarsal fracture: A case report.

Trauma Case Rep 2018 Dec 27;18:37-41. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney 2031, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2018.11.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260448PMC
December 2018

Spinal cord injury without radiological abnormality (SCIWORA) manifested as self-limited brown-SEQUARD syndrome.

Trauma Case Rep 2018 Dec 26;18:28-30. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Gadjah Mada University, Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Introduction: Combination between SCIWORA and Brown-Sequard syndrome in a patient is a rare condition. In SCIWORA, there is usually a delay in neurologic deficits which can potentially lead to misdiagnosis. Therefore, the clinician should have a good understanding of the course of the disease to make a good diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2018.11.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260453PMC
December 2018

A Large Substernal Goiter that Extended to Both Sides of the Thorax.

Case Rep Surg 2018 5;2018:6107982. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Surgery, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0004, Japan.

Most substernal goiters can be managed through the transcervical approach, but a sternotomy is required in some cases. This report is about a large substernal goiter, which was resected via a transcervical and full sternotomy approach. The patient was a 57-year-old female, who visited our hospital for surgical treatment for a large substernal goiter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6107982DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247568PMC
November 2018

Is the Medial Sural Artery Perforator Flap A New Workhorse Flap? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Background: The medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap offers thin, pliable tissue with a relatively long pedicle and low donor site morbidity. This study explores the characteristics and uses of the MSAP flap as well as postoperative outcomes and complications.

Methods: A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL to identify all cases of MSAP flap reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005204DOI Listing
November 2018

Incidence and severity of femoral head avascularity after femoral neck or intertrochanteric fractures on preoperative bone single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography: preliminary study.

Nucl Med Commun 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National University Hospital, Cyclotron Research Center, Molecular Imaging and Therapeutic Medicine Research Center, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence and degree of femoral head avascularity depending on the types of femoral neck or intertrochanteric fractures using preoperative bone single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT).

Patients And Methods: A total of 131 patients with femoral neck or intertrochanteric fractures who underwent preoperative bone SPECT/CT were enrolled. Femoral head avascularity was evaluated using bone SPECT/CT images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MNM.0000000000000963DOI Listing
December 2018

Medicine use during acute and chronic post-injury periods in whiplash injured individuals.

Pain 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Recover Injury Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Australia.

Medicine use as part of multimodal management for whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) is common: neck pain is the cardinal symptom, mental health conditions are common, and some individuals may have neurological signs and symptoms. Almost half of WAD individuals have on-going pain and disability. However, medicine use during acute and chronic recovery periods for WAD management is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001460DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Noise-induced trauma produces a temporal pattern of change in blood levels of the outer hair cell biomarker prestin.

Hear Res 2018 Nov 30;371:98-104. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Sensorion, 375 Rue Du Professeur Blayac, 34080, Montpellier, France.

Biomarkers in easy-to-access body fluid compartments, such as blood, are commonly used to assess health of various organ systems in clinical medicine. At present, no such biomarkers are available to inform on the health of the inner ear. Previously, we proposed the outer-hair-cell-specific protein prestin, as a possible biomarker and provided proof of concept in noise- and cisplatin-induced hearing loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2018.11.013DOI Listing
November 2018

Inhalational injury and the larynx: A review.

Burns 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Paediatrics Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Roberts Road, Subiaco, Western Australia 6008, Australia; Murdoch ENT, Wexford Medical Centre, St John of God Hospital (Murdoch), Suite 17-18, Level 1, 3 Barry Marshall Parade, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia; School of Surgery, University of Western Australia, Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, Western Australia 6009, Australia; St John of God Hospital (Murdoch), Wexford Medical Center, Suite 17-18, Level 1, 3 Barry Marshall Parade, Murdoch 6150, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To review and discuss the existing research on the pathophysiology, impact and management of inhalational injury on the larynx and lower respiratory tract.

Data Sources: A literature search was conducted on the PubMed, MedLine, Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases based on the keywords "airway burn", "inhalational injury" and "larynx".

Review Methods: Inclusion criteria included English language studies containing original and review data on airway injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.10.025DOI Listing
December 2018

Femoral neck fractures after internal fixation of trochanteric fractures with implants in situ in adults: A systematic review.

Injury 2018 Dec;49(12):2121-2131

AEPSM, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Introduction: Femoral neck fractures (FNF) after internal fixation of trochanteric fractures (AIFTF) with the implant in situ (WIIS) are uncommon. Publications of FNFAIFTFWIIS are rare. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to report on the frequency, risk factors, mechanisms, clinical presentation, diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, outcomes and the eventual prevention of this complication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.11.007DOI Listing
December 2018

Novel Therapeutic Strategy for Pharyngoesophageal Stricture following Total Laryngectomy.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 11:194599818815164. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, St George Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Current therapeutic strategies for pharyngoesophageal stricture, while effective in the short term, are protracted and costly in the longer term. Conceptually, if a stricture can be dilated with minimal tissue injuries, the rate of fibrosis and the resultant stricture recurrence could be reduced. We evaluated a prototype computer-controlled syringe pump device programmed to distend a commercially available balloon dilator at variable rate, asserting incremental lumen distension pressures tailored to the resistive force encountered within the stricture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818815164DOI Listing
December 2018

Intramedullary nails with cannulated screw fixation for the treatment of unstable femoral neck fractures.

J Int Med Res 2018 Dec 11:300060518816185. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, PR China.

Objective: Unstable femoral neck fractures are typically high-angled shear fractures caused by high-energy trauma. Internal fixation of femoral neck fractures with placement of parallel cannulated screws in an inverted triangle configuration is commonly performed in the clinical setting. This study was performed to investigate the primary results of intramedullary nailing with cannulated screws for the treatment of unstable femoral neck fractures in young and middle-aged patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060518816185DOI Listing
December 2018

Characteristic "neck collar" injuries in Australian sea lions (Neophoca cinerea) caused by marine debris.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Australian Marine Wildlife Research and Rescue Organization (AMWRRO), Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia.

An adult male Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) presented with a deep, almost circumferential, incised wound around the neck caused by a noose formed by a single strand of green nylon rope. The wound extended 4-5 cm deeply through the skin and blubber into skeletal muscle, predominantly on the dorsal surface and left side, but had not involved the airway or major vessels. The edges of the wound were sharply incised and oozing blood with a granulating infected base. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0060-1DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Intervertebral disc herniation in elite athletes.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 North St. Clair Street, NMH/Arkes Family Pavilion Suite 1350, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Intervertebral disc herniations are a common cause of neck and back pain in athletes. It is thought to be more prevalent in athletes than in the general population due to the consistent pressure placed on the spine and concurrent microtraumas that are unable to heal. Prevention focuses on neck and trunk stability and flexibility, training on proper technique, and rule changes to minimize catastrophic injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-4261-8DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Nasal septal abscess: a 10-year retrospective study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, No. 325, Cheng-Kung Road Section 2, Taipei 114, Taiwan, ROC.

Objective: Nasal septal abscess is an uncommon condition but it can cause potentially life-threatening intracranial complications and cosmetic nasal deformity.

Methods: We analyzed ten years of cases to determine the optimal diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. A retrospective review of case notes from Tri-Service General Hospital archives was performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00405-018-5212-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5212-0DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Rigid endoscope guided removal of penetrated embedded neck foreign body.

Trauma Case Rep 2018 Dec 16;18:5-7. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah, 41200 Klang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Penetrative neck injury can cause potentially fatal damage to the neck. Removing those fully embedded small foreign bodies secondary to ballistic trauma can be technically challenging. Neck exploration under direct vision may cause more local tissue damage or dislodge the foreign body further. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23526440183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2018.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250897PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

The role of plastic and reconstructive surgeon in trauma care: Perspectives from a Level 1 trauma centre in India.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):170-176

Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Burns Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: As the morbidity and mortality due to trauma are ever increasing, there is proportionally growing need of trauma care facilities across the country. In the context of expanding designated trauma care facilities, the role of plastic and reconstructive surgeon needs to be analysed and defined at least at a Level 1 trauma centre.

Materials And Methods: We included the patients who were operated under the department of plastic, reconstructive & burns surgery at a Level 1 urban trauma centre between January 2016 and December 2017. Read More

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http://www.ijps.org/text.asp?2018/51/2/170/244359
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijps.IJPS_212_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219353PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

The prevalence of cam hip morphology in a general population sample.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

University of Warwick, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Clifford Bridge Rd, Coventry, CV2 2DX, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: Cam hip morphology is associated with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome and causes hip osteoarthritis (OA). We aimed to assess the prevalence of cam hip morphology in a sample representative of the general population, using a measure with a predefined diagnostic accuracy.

Design: Patients aged 16-65, who were admitted to a major trauma centre and received a computed tomography (CT) pelvis were retrospectively screened for eligibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2018.09.019DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Analysis of pediatric gunshot wounds in Houston, Texas: A social perspective.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Departments of Pediatric Surgery and Neurosurgery, McGovern Medical School/University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and Mischer Neuroscience Institute, Houston, Texas, USA. Electronic address:

Background: This study sought to determine the role of social factors in pediatric gunshot wounds (GSW).

Methods: We identified medical records of victims aged 0-15 years who presented to our Level 1 pediatric trauma center from 2001 to 2016.

Results: Three hundred fifty-eight children were treated between 2001 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.10.061DOI Listing
November 2018

Traumatic pharyngeal perforation secondary to a syndesmophyte.

Radiologia 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Sección Radiología de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario Ntra. Sra. De Candelaria (HUNSC), Santa Cruz de Tenerife, España.

We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented at the emergency department with injuries to his face and head after falling down the stairs. A head computed tomography examination done because he complained of an intense headache revealed air bubbles in the retropharyngeal space. Given this finding, a computed tomography of the neck was done to evaluate the possibility of pharyngeal perforation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rx.2018.10.007DOI Listing
November 2018