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    8818 results match your criteria Natriuretic Peptides in Congestive Heart Failure

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    Combining echo and natriuretic peptides to guide heart failure care in the outpatient setting: a position paper.
    Eur J Clin Invest 2017 Oct 16. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa 2, 56124, Pisa, Italy.
    Background: Chronic heart failure (HF) is a relevant and growing public health problem. Although the prognosis has recently improved, it remains a lethal disease, with a mortality that equals or exceeds that of many malignancies. Furthermore, chronic HF is costly, representing a large and growing drain on healthcare resources. Read More

    Increases in Natriuretic Peptides Precede Heart Failure Hospitalization in Patients With a Recent Coronary Event and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
    Circulation 2017 Oct;136(16):1560-1562
    From Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (E.W., B.C., E.F.L., S.D.S., M.A.P.); Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark (E.W., L.K.); Estudios Clínicos Latinoamérica, Rosario, Argentina (R.D.); University of Bergen, Stavanger University Hospital, Norway (K.D.); Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (H.C.G.); Sanofi US, Bridgewater, NJ (F.C.L.); Research Center of the Italian Association of Hospital Cardiologists, Florence, Italy (A.P.M.); British Heart Foundation Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (J.J.V.M.); Division of Cardiology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle (J.L.P.); Division of Endocrinology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland (M.C.R.); and Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada (J.-C.T.).

    B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and Ventricular Dysfunction in the Prediction of Cardiovascular Events and Death in Hypertension.
    Am J Hypertens 2017 Oct 4. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    School of Medicine & Medical Sciences, University College Dublin, Ireland.
    Background: The prevalence and morbidity of hypertension continues to grow globally and improved methods of stratifying risk and identifying organ damage earlier are required. Methods such as echocardiography and population based risk scores are suggested by guidelines as approaches to aid in risk stratification. However, biomarkers such as natriuretic peptides may help provide such an approach. Read More

    Plasma natriuretic peptide levels in fetuses with congenital heart defect and arrhythmia: a single-center prospective study.
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Omics Research Center, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan.
    Objectives: Diagnosing fetal heart failure remains challenging because it is difficult to know how well the fetal myocardium will perform as loading conditions change. In adult cardiology, natriuretic peptides (NPs) are established marker of heart failure. However, the number of studies investigating NP levels in fetuses is quite limited. Read More

    Sustained activation of guanylate cyclase-A with TDT, a natriuretic peptide derivative, exhibits cardiorenal protection in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive rats.
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Laboratory of Clinical Science and Biomedicine,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Osaka Univ;
    Heart failure often presents with prognosis-relevant impaired renal function. To investigate whether the chronic activation of guanylate cyclase-A (GC-A) protects both heart and kidney, we examined the effects of TDT, a neprilysin (NEP)-resistant natriuretic peptide (NP) derivative, on cardiac and renal dysfunction in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive rats (DS rats). Pretreatment with NEP or NEP inhibitor did not influence GC-A activation by TDT both in vitro and in vivo, resulting in a long-acting profile of TDT compared to native human atrial NP (hANP). Read More

    Prognostic Value of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels in Heart Failure Patients With and Without Atrial Fibrillation.
    Circ Heart Fail 2017 Oct;10(10)
    From the BHF Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (S.L.K., P.S.J., U.M.M., R.R., J.J.V.M.); Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark (S.L.K., U.M.M., R.R., L.K.); The Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, Ohio State University, Columbus (W.TA.); Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (A.D., S.D.S.); Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, and Department of Clinical Science, the Institute of Internal Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway (K.D.); Institut de Cardiologie de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Canada (J.L.R.); Medical University of South Carolina and RHJ Department of Veterans Administration Medical Center, Charleston (M.R.Z.); Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden (K.S.); Faculty of Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom (K.S.); and Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX (M.P.).
    Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) have higher circulating levels of NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) than HF patients without AF. There is uncertainty about the prognostic importance of a given concentration of NT-proBNP in HF patients with and without AF. We investigated this question in a large cohort of patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction. Read More

    Biomarkers of Endothelial, Renal, and Platelet Dysfunction in Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease Hemodialysis Patients With Heart Failure.
    Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2017 Jan 1:1076029617729216. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    2 Department of Pathology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.
    The aim of this study was to determine the role of endothelial, renal, and inflammatory biomarkers in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF) in patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD5) undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD). Plasma levels of biomarkers-kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1), N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), glycated hemoglobin, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, interleukin-18,platelet-derived growth factor, platelet factor 4 (PF4), 25-OH vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), endothelin, and endocan-were measured in CKD5-HD patients at the Loyola University Ambulatory Dialysis facility. The HF (+) CKD5-HD patients, as compared to HF (-) CKD5-HD patients, exhibited significantly elevated NT-proBNP ( P = . Read More

    Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Natriuretic Peptide Testing and Specialist Management in Patients with Suspected Acute Heart Failure.
    Value Health 2017 Sep 11;20(8):1025-1033. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Primary Care Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Objectives: To determine the cost-effectiveness of natriuretic peptide (NP) testing and specialist outreach in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) residing off the cardiology ward.

    Methods: We used a Markov model to estimate costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) for patients presenting to hospital with suspected AHF. We examined diagnostic workup with and without the NP test in suspected new cases, and we examined the impact of specialist heart failure outreach in all suspected cases. Read More

    [Neprilysin inhibition and chronic kidney disease].
    G Ital Nefrol 2017 Sep 28;34(5):102-112. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    Dipartimento delle insufficienze d'organo e dei trapianti, Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy.
    Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a higher incidence of cardiovascular (acute and chronic) events, which in turn have an increased risk of progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) Inhibition of neprilysin, in addition to offering a new therapeutic target in patients with heart failure, could represent a potential improvement strategy in cardiovascular and renal outcome of patients with CKD. Inhibition of neprilysin by inhibiting the breakdown of natriuretic peptides, increases their bioavailability resulting in an increase in diuresis and sodium excretion and, in addition to exerting an inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAAS) system. Inhibition of RAAS, in turn, generates a series of counter-regulations that can balance the adverse effects present in CKD and heart failure (HF). Read More

    Focused echocardiography and lung ultrasound protocol for guiding treatment in acute heart failure.
    ESC Heart Fail 2017 Sep 28. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    Heart and Lung Center, Helsinki University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    Aims: There is little evidence-based therapy existing for acute heart failure (AHF), hospitalizations are lengthy and expensive, and optimal monitoring of AHF patients during in-hospital treatment is poorly defined. We evaluated a rapid cardiothoracic ultrasound (CaTUS) protocol, combining focused echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac filling pressures, that is, medial E/e' and inferior vena cava index, with lung ultrasound (LUS) for guiding treatment in hospitalized AHF patients.

    Methods And Results: We enrolled 20 consecutive patients hospitalized for AHF, whose in-hospital treatment was guided using the CaTUS protocol according to a pre-specified treatment protocol targeting resolution of pulmonary congestion on LUS and lowering cardiac filling pressures. Read More

    Prognostic importance of emerging cardiac, inflammatory, and renal biomarkers in chronic heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction and anaemia: RED-HF study.
    Eur J Heart Fail 2017 Sep 27. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
    Aims: To test the prognostic value of emerging biomarkers in the Reduction of Events by Darbepoetin Alfa in Heart Failure (RED-HF) trial.

    Methods And Results: Circulating cardiac [N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT)], neurohumoral [mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) and copeptin], renal (cystatin C), and inflammatory [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)] biomarkers were measured at randomization in 1853 participants with complete data. The relationship between these biomarkers and the primary composite endpoint of heart failure hospitalization or cardiovascular death over 28 months of follow-up (n = 834) was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression, the c-statistic and the net reclassification index (NRI). Read More

    Collaborative care model improves self-care ability, quality of life and cardiac function of patients with chronic heart failure.
    Braz J Med Biol Res 2017 Sep 21;50(11):e6355. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Department of Nursing, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
    Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a common chronic disease that requires much care. This study aimed to explore the effects of collaborative care model (CCM) on patients with CHF. A total of 114 CHF patients were enrolled in this study, and were randomly and equally divided into two groups: control and experimental. Read More

    NTproBNP in insulin-resistance mediated conditions: overweight/obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes. The population-based Casale Monferrato Study.
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 2017 Sep 25;16(1):119. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Dept. of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, corso Dogliotti 14, 10126, Turin, Italy.
    Background And Aims: NTproBNP and BNP levels are reduced in obese subjects, but population-based data comparing the pattern of this relationship in the full spectrum of insulin-resistance mediated conditions, overweight/obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes, are limited.

    Methods: The study-base were 3244 individuals aged 45-74 years, none of whom had heart failure, 1880 without diabetes and 1364 with diabetes, identified as part of two surveys of the population-based Casale Monferrato Study. All measurements were centralized. Read More

    The Combination of Valsartan and Sacubitril in the Treatment of Hypertension and Heart Failure - an Update.
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2017 Sep 25. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Clinic for Plastic, Aesthetic and Hand Surgery, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.
    A novel antihypertensive drug, LCZ696 (Entresto®), has recently been introduced, which combines the action of an antagonist of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), effectively decreasing the blood pressure, with an inhibition of neprilysin, which is responsible for metabolizing natriuretic peptides exerting antihypertensive and antifibrotic effects. In this MiniReview, we describe the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, efficacy and side effects of the combined angiotensin receptor antagonist and neprilysin inhibitor LCZ696. We summarize the effect of LCZ696 treatment of patients suffering from hypertension and heart failure (HF) and further highlight the role of this new drug as a treatment option in the future. Read More

    Rationale and design of the ICON-RELOADED study: International Collaborative of N-terminal pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide Re-evaluation of Acute Diagnostic Cut-Offs in the Emergency Department.
    Am Heart J 2017 Oct 8;192:26-37. Epub 2017 Jul 8.
    Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Baim Institute for Clinical Research, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:
    Objectives: The objectives were to reassess use of amino-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations for diagnosis and prognosis of acute heart failure (HF) in patients with acute dyspnea.

    Background: NT-proBNP facilitates diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment in patients with suspected or proven acute HF. As demographics of such patients are changing, previous diagnostic NT-proBNP thresholds may need updating. Read More

    Atrophy of the parahippocampal gyrus is prominent in heart failure patients without dementia.
    ESC Heart Fail 2017 Jul 17. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Department of Cardiology, Chemotherapy Research Institute, Kaken Hospital, International University of Health and Welfare, Ichikawa, Japan.
    Aims: The exacerbation of heart failure (HF) induces brain damage and cognitive impairment (CI), which frequently attenuates the effects of treatment. However, it is not clear whether HF patients without clinical dementia demonstrate increased risk of CI. We examined whether local atrophy in the parahippocampal gyrus, a potential predictor of CI, is prominent in HF patients without clinical dementia. Read More

    Homoarginine-A prognostic indicator in adolescents and adults with complex congenital heart disease?
    PLoS One 2017 8;12(9):e0184333. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Medical Clinic for Cardiology and Angiology, Campus Mitte, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Homoarginine (hArg) has been shown to be of prognostic value in patients with chronic left heart failure. The present study aims to assess the clinical utility and prognostic value of hArg levels in patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD).

    Methods: Plasma hArg levels were measured in 143 patients with complex CHD and compared to clinical status, echocardiographic and laboratory parameters as well as the occurrence of adverse cardiac events. Read More

    Biomarkers in atrial fibrillation and heart failure.
    Curr Med Chem 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    1st Department of Cardiology, 'Hippokration' Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Athens. Greece.
    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice and an important contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although the exact mechanisms behind AF are not completely elucidated, the underlying pathophysiological changes have been well described. Predisposal factors for AF include the older age, the increased left atrial size, the decreased left atrial function, the presence of heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction and the presence of coronary heart disease or pulmonary or mitral valve disease. Read More

    Natriuretic Propeptides as Markers of Atrial Fibrillation Burden and Recurrence (from the AMIO-CAT Trial).
    Am J Cardiol 2017 Oct 24;120(8):1309-1315. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; The Danish National Research Foundation Centre for Cardiac Arrhythmia, Copenhagen, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Natriuretic peptides are established plasma markers of systolic heart failure, but their usefulness for the evaluation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. We examined mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients undergoing ablation for AF. A subpopulation of 102 patients (median age 60 [52;65], 82% male) from the AMIO-CAT trial (Recurrence of arrhythmia following short-term oral AMIOdarone after CATheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study) undergoing ablation for paroxysmal (n = 55) or persistent (n = 47) AF was studied. Read More

    Novel Index of Maladaptive Myocardial Remodeling in Hypertension.
    Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2017 Sep;10(9)
    From the Department of Internal Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore (V.J.G.); Department of Cardiology, National Heart Centre Singapore (T.-T.L., J.B., J.I.W., B.S., C.J.P., C.P.Y.S., B.A., S.A.C., C.W.L.C.); National University Heart Centre Singapore (C.-H.L.); Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore, Singapore (S.A.C., C.W.L.C.); and Depatrment of Laboratory Medicine, Changi General Hospital, Singapore (T.C.A.).
    Background: Hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (HTN-LVH) is a leading cause of heart failure. Conventional patterns of cardiac geometry do not adequately risk-stratify patients with HTN-LVH. Using cardiovascular magnetic resonance, we developed a novel Remodeling Index (RI) that was designed to detect an exaggerated hypertrophic response to hypertension and tested its potential to risk-stratify hypertensive patients. Read More

    Epigenome-Wide Association Study Identifies Cardiac Gene Patterning and a Novel Class of Biomarkers for Heart Failure.
    Circulation 2017 Oct 24;136(16):1528-1544. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    From Department of Internal Medicine III, Institute for Cardiomyopathies, University of Heidelberg, Germany (B.M., J.H., F.S.-H., E.K., K.F., A.L., R.N., C.S., S.M., D.M.-B., A.A., H.H., D.B.H., M.M.-H., T.W., H.A.K.); Siemens Healthcare GmbH, Strategy and Innovation, Erlangen, Germany (C.D., M.W., A.E.P.); Department of Bioinformatics, University of Saarland, Saarbrücken, Germany (A.K.); German Centre for Cardiovascular Research, Berlin, Germany (B.M., J.H., F.S.-H., E.K., K.F., A.L., D.S., M.M.-H., T.W., J.B., H.A.K.); Institute for Molecular Cardiology and Epigenetics, University of Heidelberg, Germany (D.S., J.B.); Funktionelle Genomanalyse, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany (A.B.); Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Germany (A.R.); Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, Vienna, Austria (D.P.); Section for Clinical Biometrics, Center for Medical Statistics, Informatics, and Intelligent Systems, Medical University of Vienna, Austria (D.P.); and Division of Epigenomics and Cancer Risk Factors, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany (D.W., C.P.).
    Background: Biochemical DNA modification resembles a crucial regulatory layer among genetic information, environmental factors, and the transcriptome. To identify epigenetic susceptibility regions and novel biomarkers linked to myocardial dysfunction and heart failure, we performed the first multi-omics study in myocardial tissue and blood of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and controls.

    Methods: Infinium human methylation 450 was used for high-density epigenome-wide mapping of DNA methylation in left-ventricular biopsies and whole peripheral blood of living probands. Read More

    Diagnostic value of brain natriuretic peptide and β-endorphin plasma concentration changes in patients with acute left heart failure and atrial fibrillation.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Aug;96(34):e7526
    aDepartment of Emergency, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China bDepartment of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.
    Rationale: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of beta-endorphin (β-EP) and brain natriuretic peptid (BNP) plasma concentrations for the early diagnosis of acute left heart failure and atrial fibrillation.

    Patient Concerns: A total of 45 patients were included. These patients comprised 23 male and 22 female patients,and 20 healthy subjects who underwent physical examinations in the Outpatient Department during the same periodwere included and assigned to the control group. Read More

    Using biomarkers to guide heart failure management.
    Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2017 Oct 22;15(10):729-741. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    a Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine , University of California , San Diego , CA , USA.
    Introduction: Biomarkers have revolutionized the diagnosis of heart failure (HF), but it remains unclear how to use biomarkers to guide management of HF. Areas covered: An exhaustive literature search on using biomarkers to guide HF management was performed. HF guidelines were carefully scrutinized for references pertaining to this topic, and Medline was employed to identify further references. Read More

    Effect of Natriuretic Peptide-Guided Therapy on Hospitalization or Cardiovascular Mortality in High-Risk Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    JAMA 2017 08;318(8):713-720
    Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina.
    Importance: The natriuretic peptides are biochemical markers of heart failure (HF) severity and predictors of adverse outcomes. Smaller studies have evaluated adjusting HF therapy based on natriuretic peptide levels ("guided therapy") with inconsistent results.

    Objective: To determine whether an amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)-guided treatment strategy improves clinical outcomes vs usual care in high-risk patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Read More

    In-hospital and long-term outcomes of congestive heart failure: Predictive value of B-type and amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptides and their ratio.
    Exp Ther Med 2017 Aug 27;14(2):1715-1721. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Department of Cardiology, Juntendo University Hospital, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan.
    Relative changes in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and amino terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) levels may help to assess the risk of congestive heart failure (CHF). However, whether these levels at the time of admission enable the prediction of outcomes with acute exacerbation remains unknown. The current study determined the abilities of BNP, NT-proBNP and their ratio to predict in-hospital and long-term outcomes of patients with CHF. Read More

    New issues on measurement of B-type natriuretic peptides.
    Clin Chem Lab Med 2017 Aug 15. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    .
    The measurement of the active hormone of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) system actually has several analytical limitations and difficulties in clinical interpretations compared to that of inactive peptide N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) because of the different biochemical and pathophysiological characteristics of two peptides and quality specifications of commercial immunoassay methods used for their measurement. Because of the better analytical characteristics of NT-proBNP immunoassays and the easier pathophysiological and clinical interpretations of variations of NT-proBNP levels in patients with heart failure (HF), some authors claimed to measure the inactive peptide NT-proBNP instead of the active hormone BNP for management of HF patients. The measurement of the active peptide hormone BNP gives different, but complementary, pathophysiological and clinical information compared to inactive NT-proBNP. Read More

    Correlation of 6-min walk test with left ventricular function and quality of life in heart failure due to Chagas disease.
    Trop Med Int Health 2017 Oct 5;22(10):1314-1321. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Objectives: To evaluate the correlation of the total distance walked during the six-minute walk test (6MWT) with left ventricular function and quality of life in patients with Chagas Disease (ChD) complicated by heart failure.

    Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of adult patients with ChD and heart failure diagnosed based on Framingham criteria. 6MWT was performed following international guidelines. Read More

    Improved early risk stratification of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention using a combination of serum soluble ST2 and NT-proBNP.
    PLoS One 2017 10;12(8):e0182829. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Cardiology, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Although soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) in serum is known to be associated with ischemic heart disease and heart failure, data regarding its prognostic impact in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is limited. We evaluated the prognostic impacts of serum sST2 and other serum biomarkers in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

    Methods: Consecutive all 323 patients with STEMI that underwent primary PCI were enrolled. Read More

    What the General Practitioner Needs to Know About Their Chronic Heart Failure Patient.
    Card Fail Rev 2016 Nov;2(2):79-84
    Department of General Practice, Health Research Group, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    In this article we highlight what general practitioners (GPs) need to know about heart failure (HF). We pay attention to its definition, diagnosis - with risks of under- and over-diagnosis - and the role natriuretic peptides, electrocardiography, echocardiography, but also spirometry. We stress the role of the GP in case finding and risk stratification with optimisation of cardiovascular drug use in high-risk groups. Read More

    Novel Urinary Peptidomic Classifier Predicts Incident Heart Failure.
    J Am Heart Assoc 2017 Aug 7;6(8). Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Background: Detection of preclinical cardiac dysfunction and prognosis of left ventricular heart failure (HF) would allow targeted intervention, and appears to be the most promising approach in its management. Novel biomarker panels may support this approach and provide new insights into the pathophysiology.

    Methods And Results: A retrospective comparison of urinary proteomic profiles generated by mass spectrometric analysis from 49 HF patients, 36 patients who progressed to HF within 2. Read More

    Effect of Monocyte-to-Lymphocyte Ratio on Heart Failure Characteristics and Hospitalizations in a Coronary Angiography Cohort.
    Am J Cardiol 2017 Sep 29;120(6):911-916. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; ICIN-Netherlands Heart Institute, The Netherlands; Department of Surgery, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Cardiovascular Research Institute (CVRI), National University Heart Center (NUHCS), National University Health System, Singapore. Electronic address:
    Inflammation is a shared mechanism in coronary artery disease (CAD) and subsequent heart failure (HF), and circulating monocyte and lymphocyte counts predict CAD severity and outcomes. We investigated whether the monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) correlates with biomarkers of HF and extent of CAD, as well as future HF hospitalizations in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Therefore, we studied 1754 patients undergoing coronary angiography for stable CAD, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction. Read More

    Comparative accuracy of NT-proBNP and MR-proANP for the diagnosis of acute heart failure in dyspnoeic patients.
    ESC Heart Fail 2017 Aug 21;4(3):232-240. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Department of Cardiology, Medical University Hospital Heidelberg, INF 410, D-69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Aims: To compare the performance of the natriuretic peptides (NPs) NT-proBNP and MR-proANP for the diagnosis of acute heart failure (AHF) in subsets of conditions potentially confounding the interpretation of NPs.

    Methods And Results: We studied 312 patients, presenting to the emergency department with new onset of dyspnoea or worsening of chronic dyspnoea within the last 2 weeks. Performance of NPs for the diagnosis of AHF was tested and compared using C-statistics in the entire cohort and in conditions previously described to confound interpretation of NPs such as older age, renal failure, obesity, atrial fibrillation or paced rhythm, and in the NT-proBNP grey zone. Read More

    Effects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure: Proposal of a Novel Mechanism of Action.
    JAMA Cardiol 2017 Sep;2(9):1025-1029
    INSERM, Centre d'Investigations Cliniques 1433, Université de Lorraine, CHU de Nancy, Institut Lorrain du cœur et des vaisseaux, Nancy, France.
    Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducing the risk of the development or progression of heart failure. In a landmark trial called Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes [EMPA-REG Outcomes], long-term treatment with empagliflozin prevented fatal and nonfatal heart failure events but did not reduce the risk of myocardial infarction or stroke in diabetic patients.

    Observations: The beneficial effect of SGLT2 inhibitors on heart failure cannot be explained by their actions on glycemic control or as osmotic diuretics. Read More

    [Diagnostic Value of Biochemical Markers in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure With Reduced, Borderline and Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction].
    Kardiologiia 2017 Mar;57(3):39-45
    Federal State Institution National Research Center for Preventive Medicine, Moscow, Russia.
    Purpose Of The Study: The study of the diagnostic value of biochemical markers of myocardial stress and inflammation in chronic heart failure (CHF) with different values of the ejection fraction (EF) of the left ventricle (LV).

    Material And Methods: The cross-sectional study included 105 patients aged 24 to 84 years (mean 58+/-14 years) with stable chronic heart failure I-II NYHA functional class classification. The causes of CHF were ischemic heart disease (IHD) in 33% of patients and arterial hypertension (AH) - 67%. Read More

    Polycystin 2-dependent cardio-protective mechanisms revealed by cardiac stress.
    Pflugers Arch 2017 Jul 31. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Yale University, 333 Cedar St, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.
    Although autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by the development of multiple kidney cysts, the most frequent cause of death in ADPKD patients is cardiovascular disease. ADPKD is linked to mutations in PKD1 or pkd2, the genes that encode for the proteins polycystin 1 and polycystin 2 (PC1 and PC2, respectively). The cardiovascular complications have been assumed to be a consequence of renal hypertension and activation of renin/angiotensin/aldosterone (RAAS) pathway. Read More

    Hemodynamic Determinants of the Biologic Variation of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide in Patients With Stable Systolic Chronic Heart Failure.
    J Card Fail 2017 Jul 27. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address:
    Background Context: Biologic variation of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in chronic heart failure (CHF) may affect blood levels and risk stratification. The sources of NT-proBNP variation are unknown.

    Methods And Results: We performed NT-proBNP measurements and clinical and hemodynamic assessments in 50 patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) who met criteria for clinical stability over 2 time intervals. Read More

    Intracoronary delivery of recombinant TIMP-3 after myocardial infarction: effects on myocardial remodeling and function.
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2017 Oct 28;313(4):H690-H699. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    Cardiovascular Translational Research Center, University of South Carolina School of Medicine and the William Jennings Bryan Dorn Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Columbia, South Carolina; and
    Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and myocardial infarction (MI) cause adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure and are facilitated by an imbalance in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activation and the endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMPs). We have identified that myocardial injections of recombinant TIMP-3 (rTIMP-3; human full length) can interrupt post-MI remodeling. However, whether and to what degree intracoronary delivery of rTIMP-3 post-IR is feasible and effective remained to be established. Read More

    Absolute Postoperative B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Concentrations, but Not Their General Trend, Are Associated With 12-Month, All-Cause Mortality After On-Pump Cardiac Surgery.
    Anesth Analg 2017 Sep;125(3):753-761
    From the *Department for Anesthesia, Surgical Intensive Care, Prehospital Emergency Medicine and Pain Therapy, and †Department of Cardiac Surgery, Basel University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland; and ‡Basel University Medical School, Basel, Switzerland.
    Background: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a predictor of mortality after on-pump cardiac surgery. However, previous limited and heterogeneous studies have focused on peak concentrations at 3 to 5 days after surgery and may not offer clinicians much help in early decision-making. After confirming the predictive value of first-postoperative-day BNP in a preliminary analysis, we explored the association between isolated second-postoperative-day BNP concentrations, second-day BNP concentrations in conjunction with first-day BNP concentrations, and the change in BNP (ie, ΔBNP) from the first to the second postoperative day and 12-month, all-cause mortality. Read More

    ANMCO/ELAS/SIBioC Consensus Document: biomarkers in heart failure.
    Eur Heart J Suppl 2017 May 2;19(Suppl D):D102-D112. Epub 2017 May 2.
    Laboratory of Analysis, A.O. Ordine Mauriziano, Torino, Italy.
    Biomarkers have dramatically impacted the way heart failure (HF) patients are evaluated and managed. A biomarker is a characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological or pathogenic processes, or pharmacological responses to a therapeutic intervention. Natriuretic peptides [B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP] are the gold standard biomarkers in determining the diagnosis and prognosis of HF, and a natriuretic peptide-guided HF management looks promising. Read More

    A natriuretic peptides clearance receptor's agonist reduces pulmonary artery pressures and enhances cardiac performance in preclinical models: New hope for patients with pulmonary hypertension due to left ventricular heart failure.
    Biomed Pharmacother 2017 Sep 19;93:1144-1150. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Egom Clinical & Translational Research Services Ltd., Dartmouth, NS B2X 3H3, Canada.
    Background: In patients with left ventricular heart failure (HF), the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common and represents a strong predictor of death. Despite recent advances in the pathophysiological understanding there is as yet no prospect of cure of this deadly clinical entity and the majority of patients continue to progress to right ventricular failure and die. Furthermore, there is no single medical treatment currently approved for PH related to HF. Read More

    [Paradoxal decrease and metabolic effects of BNP in obese patient].
    Rev Med Suisse 2017 Mar;13(555):660-663
    Service d'enseignement thérapeutique pour maladies chroniques, Centre collaborateur de l'OMS, Département de médecine communautaire, de premier recours et des urgences, HUG et Université de Genève, 1211 Genève 14.
    Natriuretic peptides (NP), ANP and BNP, are produced by cardiomyocytes when there is stretching of the ventricular and auricular walls in heart failure (HF). Their vasodilatator and natriuretic effect oppose to volume and pressure overload occurring in HF. Several studies have observed decreased levels of NP in obese and diabetic people and in patients with insulin resistance. Read More

    [ARNI, new abbreviation for a new class of treatment of heart failure].
    Rev Med Suisse 2017 Mar;13(552):496-499
    Service de cardiologie non invasive, Hôpital de La Tour, 1217 Meyrin.
    ARNI (Angiontensin Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitor) are a new class of drug : the angiotensin and neprilysin inhibitors. This combined effect allows an optimisation of the heart failure treatment by acting on both pathways of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and of the natriuretic peptides. LCZ696 is a combined molecule of valsartan and sacubitril and is currently the only one on the market. Read More

    Natriuretic Peptides as Biomarkers for Congestive States: The Cardiorenal Divergence.
    Dis Markers 2017 18;2017:1454986. Epub 2017 Jun 18.
    Division of Nephrology, Hypertension, and Renal Transplantation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    Congestion represents the primary reason for hospitalization of patients with heart failure and is associated with adverse outcomes. Fluid overload has been shown to be inadequately addressed in a significant subset of these patients in part due to lack of robust, reliable, and readily available biomarkers for objective assessment and monitoring of therapy. Natriuretic peptides have long been used in this setting, often in conjunction with other assessment tools such as imaging studies. Read More

    Is Serum Uric Acid Independently Associated With Left Ventricular Mass Index, Ejection Fraction, and B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Among Female and Male Cardiac Patients?
    Int Heart J 2017 Aug 13;58(4):562-569. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Department of Cardiology, Osaka Medical College.
    Mean serum uric acid (SUA) levels are higher in men than women. In addition, recent studies have suggested that the SUA threshold at which the cardiovascular risk might increase may vary between women and men. In the current retrospective study, by analyzing the data from 219 female and 519 male patients who were free from uric acid-lowering medication, we investigated whether SUA is associated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) independent of confounding factors, such as serum calcium, inorganic phosphate, and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), in a gender-specific manner. Read More

    Sacubitril/valsartan: beyond natriuretic peptides.
    Heart 2017 Oct 8;103(20):1569-1577. Epub 2017 Jul 8.
    Division of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.
    Natriuretic peptides, especially B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), have primarily been regarded as biomarkers in heart failure (HF). However, they are also possible therapeutic agents due to their potentially beneficial physiological effects. The angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor, sacubitril/valsartan, simultaneously augments the natriuretic peptide system (NPS) by inhibiting the enzyme neprilysin (NEP) and inhibits the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) by blocking the angiotensin II receptor. Read More

    Improved LFIAs for highly sensitive detection of BNP at point-of-care.
    Int J Nanomedicine 2017 15;12:4455-4466. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University.
    Heart failure (HF) has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality with a significant global economic burden. Although well-established clinical tests could provide early diagnosis, access to these tests is limited in developing countries, where a relatively higher incidence of HF is present. This has prompted an urgent need for developing a cost-effective, rapid and robust diagnostic tool for point-of-care (POC) detection of HF. Read More

    Biomarkers in Cardiomyopathies and Prediction of Sudden Cardiac Death.
    Curr Pharm Biotechnol 2017 ;18(6):472-481
    First Department of Medicine, University Medical Centre Mannheim (UMM), Faculty of Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim. Germany.
    Background: Cardiomyopathies are a major cause of heart diseases in all age groups leading to heart failure and arrhythmias. Additionally, they are an important cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young people. Major advances have been made in the understanding of the complex and manifold underlying pathomechanisms and their correlating blood measured biomarkers. Read More

    Biomarkers in Sleep Apnea and Heart Failure.
    Curr Heart Fail Rep 2017 Aug;14(4):284-300
    Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in heart failure (HF) and may confer significant stress to the cardiovascular system and increases the risk for future cardiovascular events. The present review will provide updates on the current understanding of the relationship of SDB and common HF biomarkers and the effect of positive airway pressure therapy on these biomarkers, with particular emphasis in patients with coexisting SDB and HF.

    Recent Findings: Prior studies have examined the relationship between HF biomarkers and SDB, and the effect of SDB treatment on these biomarkers, with less data available in the context of coexisting SDB and HF. Read More

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