Int J Cardiol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.
John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, United States of America; Section of Cardiomyopathy & Heart Transplantation, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, LA, United States of America; The University of Queensland School of Medicine, Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA, United States of America. Electronic address:
Early detection and risk stratification of patients with heart failure (HF) are crucial to improve outcomes. Given the complexity of the pathophysiological processes of HF and the involvement of multi-organ systems in different stages of HF, clinical prognostication of HF can be challenging. In this regard, several biomarkers have been investigated for diagnosis, screening, and risk stratification of HF patients. Read More