386 results match your criteria Nasopalatine Duct Cyst


Modified maxillary vestibular approach with subperiostal intranasal dissection for surgical extractions of mesiodentes impacted in the floor of the nasal cavity.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 May 18. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Head of Department: Dr. Daniel Hrusak, Ph.D.), University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University in Prague, AlejSvobody 80, 304 60 Pilsen, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Impacted mesiodentes in the inverted position may interfere with the base of the nasal cavity or the nasal septum. They can rarely erupt into the nose as well. Traditionally they are extracted via intraoral approaches (transpalatal or vestibular). Read More

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Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in oral and maxillofacial lesions: preliminary study on diagnostic ability of apparent diffusion coefficient maps.

Oral Radiol 2018 Sep 4;34(3):224-228. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Department of Radiology, The Nippon Dental University Niigata Hospital, 1-8 Hamaura-cho, Chuo-ku, Niigata, Niigata, 951-8580, Japan.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in oral and maxillofacial lesions, especially the utility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps for differential diagnosis of these lesions.

Methods: Fifty-seven patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial lesions were included in this prospective study. DWI was performed on a 1. Read More

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September 2018

Innervation of the Nose and Nasal Region of the Rat: Implications for Initiating the Mammalian Diving Response.

Front Neuroanat 2018 13;12:85. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Physiology, College Graduate Studies, Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL, United States.

Most terrestrial animals demonstrate an autonomic reflex that facilitates survival during prolonged submersion under water. This diving response is characterized by bradycardia, apnea and selective increases in peripheral vascular resistance. Stimulation of the nose and nasal passages is thought to be primarily responsible for providing the sensory afferent signals initiating this protective reflex. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Cone beam computerized tomography evaluation of incisive canal and anterior maxillary bone thickness for placement of immediate implants.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2018 Oct-Dec;18(4):356-363

Department of Prosthodontics, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Purpose: Variation of dimensions of the nasopalatine canal and anterior maxillary bone thickness vary in relation to age, gender, edentulism, and ethnicity; thorough knowledge with regard to these landmarks is of vital importance prior to surgical procedures such as implant placement and local anesthesia in the anterior maxilla. Cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) aids in accurate treatment planning in such situations.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 300 participants were selected by the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Evaluation of anatomical structures and variations in the maxilla and the mandible before dental implant treatment.

Dent Med Probl 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):233-240

Department of Periodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, United States.

Background: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) allows a detailed visualization of the anatomic structures of the jaw. There have been presented variations of the anatomic structures between genders after evaluating the structures in detail.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the anatomic variations of the jaws according to gender and age in an effort to avoid complications during implant surgeries. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Bilateral suprazygomatic maxillary nerve blocks vs. infraorbital and palatine nerve blocks in cleft lip and palate repair: A double-blind, randomised study.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2019 Jan;36(1):40-47

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Vall d'Hebron Hospital, Department of Surgery, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (GE, MDM, MdN), Department of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Denver, Colorado, USA (GM, CC, RJI), Department of Pediatric Anesthesia, King Abdullah Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (PS), Department of Anesthesiology, Guwahati Comprehensive Cleft Care Center, Guwahati, India (PB, NB) and Department Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA (AB).

Background: Cleft defects are common craniofacial malformations which require early surgical repair. These patients are at high risk of postoperative airway obstruction and respiratory failure. Cleft surgery may require high doses of opioids which may contribute to these complications. Read More

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January 2019
6 Reads

The Incisive Canal: A Comprehensive Review.

Cureus 2018 Jul 30;10(7):e3069. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Neurosurgery, Seattle Science Foundation, Seattle, WA, USA.

The incisive canal, also known as the nasopalatine canal, is an interosseous conduit through the anterior maxilla connecting the oral and nasal cavities. Within this canal lies the nasopalatine nerve and the vascular anastomosis between the greater palatine and sphenopalatine arteries. The embryology of the canal has led to interesting theories explaining its function. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads

Morphological and immunohistochemical study of the rabbit vomeronasal organ.

J Anat 2018 Dec 25;233(6):814-827. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Faculty of Veterinary, Department of Anatomy, Animal Production and Clinical Veterinary Sciences, University of Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain.

The characterization of the rabbit mammary pheromone, which is sensed by the main olfactory system, has made this species a unique model for the study of pheromonal communication in mammals. This discovery has brought attention to the global understanding of chemosensory communication in this species. Chemocommunication is mediated by two distinct organs located in the nasal cavity, the main olfactory epithelium and the vomeronasal organ (VNO). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Facial Fenestration and Dehiscence Defects Associated With Immediate Implant Placement Without Flap Elevation in Anterior Maxillary Ridge: A Preliminary Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Sep/Oct;33(5):1112-1118

Purpose: To examine cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) anatomical findings, such as the concavity of the ridge and angulation of the tooth and alveolar ridge, either facial or palatal, in order to assess the potential clinical risks of performing flapless implant surgery.

Materials And Methods: CBCT images that met the inclusion criteria were examined. All images in maxillary anterior areas (canine to canine), facial bone thickness at 3 and 5 mm from the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), angulation of the tooth and alveolar ridge (Angle T: the angulation between the long axis of the tooth and the palatal plane; Angle D: the angulation between the long axis of the tooth and the midline of the ridge), the deepest point of facial concavity, the distance from the deepest point of facial concavity to the apex of the tooth and alveolar bone crest, nasopalatine canal, dehiscence, and fenestrations were measured and statistically analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

[Non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilic syndrome. Case report].

Rev Alerg Mex 2018 Jul-Sep;65(3):230-235

Secretaría de Salud, Hospital General de México, Servicio de Inmunología Clínica y Alergia, Ciudad de México, México.

Background: Rhinitis is the leading cause for consultation in the allergy department. It consists in chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilic syndrome is characterized by chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa (> 20% of eosinophils in nasal cytology) in the absence of demonstrable allergy (negative in vivo and in vitro tests); often it is accompanied by other sinonasal conditions (nasal polyposis, chronic rhinosinusitis), and it constitutes a risk factor for the development of obstructive sleep apnea. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

True median palatal cyst; a rare case report.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2018 May-Aug;22(2):286

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rajarajeswari Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Median palatal cyst is rare nonodontogenic lesion as it represents only 7.14% of all jaw cysts. Also called mid palatal cyst has raised controversy about pathogenesis of such fissural cysts. Read More

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Evaluation of Anatomical and Volumetric Characteristics of the Nasopalatine Canal in Anterior Dentate and Edentulous Individuals: A CBCT Study.

Implant Dent 2018 Aug;27(4):474-479

Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To examine the nasopalatine canal (NPC) anatomical and volumetric measurements in anterior edentulous (AE) and anterior dentate (AD) individuals and to compare these findings according to sex, age, shape, and severity of resorption in the premaxilla.

Methods: Two hundred cone beam computed tomography images were divided into 2 groups: AE and AD. The diameter, the length of the NPC and the width, the length of the buccal bone anterior to the NPC were measured and recorded. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

Anatomical evaluation of nasopalatine canal on cone-beam computed tomography images.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Jul 16. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Background: Nasopalatine canal (NPC) (incisive canal) morphology is important for oral surgery techniques carried out on the maxilla, in the treatment of nasopalatine cyst, palatal pathologies that require a surgical intervention.

Materials And Methods: The morphology of NPC was classified in sagittal, coronal and axial planes on the CBCT. The length of NPC was found by measuring the distance between the mid-points of nasopalatine foramen and incisive foramen. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads
0.524 Impact Factor

Analysis of blood supply in the hard palate and maxillary tuberosity-clinical implications for flap design and soft tissue graft harvesting (a human cadaver study).

Clin Oral Investig 2018 Jul 1. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

Department of Periodontology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Objectives: The aim of the present study is to provide a detailed macroscopic mapping of the palatal and tuberal blood supply applying anatomical methods and studying specific anastomoses to bridge the gap between basic structural and empirical clinical knowledge.

Materials And Methods: Ten cadavers (three dentate, seven edentulous) have been prepared for this study in the Department of Anatomy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, and in the Department of Anatomy of the Medical University of Graz. All cadavers were fixed with Thiel's solution. Read More

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July 2018
11 Reads

[Case-based learning based on CBCT software in clinical teaching of oral and maxillofacial radiology].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2017 Dec;26(6):680-683

Department of Radiology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Shanghai 200011, China.

Purpose: To compare the teaching result of case-based learning based on cone-beam CT (CBCT) software and traditional pantomography.

Methods: Thirty-eight interns (7-year programme) of grade 2011 from College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were enrolled. The inner diameter of the nasopalatine ducts (A), the length of upper canine's pulp cavity (B), the length between root furcation of upper first molar and the maxillary sinus (C), the length between the root of lower wisdom tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve (D) were measured on pantomographic films and CBCT in the same case. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Changes in dimension of neurovascular canals in the mandible and maxilla: A radiographic finding in patients diagnosed with MRONJ.

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2018 May 1;23(3):e282-e289. Epub 2018 May 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry Abant İzzet Baysal University, 14000, Bolu, Turkey,

Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the morphological features of neurovascular canals and foramina of patients with medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) and healthy individuals by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Material And Methods: The CBCT images of 58 patients under bisphosphonate therapy diagnosed with MRONJ and age gender- matched controls were retrospectively evaluated. The diameter of mandibular and nasopalatine canal and mandibular, mental and lingual foramina were measured on several sections of CBCT. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Nasal septal schwannoma: a rare sinonasal tumour with certain peculiarities.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Apr 18;2018. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka-576104, India.

Sinonasal schwannomas constitute 4% of head and neck nerve sheath tumours; however, schwannomas involving the nasal septum are quite rare. We present a 57-year-old male patient with nasal septal schwannoma who was managed successfully by endoscopic excision. 32 cases of septal schwannoma have been reported so far in the literature. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Digital technology for performing a nasopalatine and greater palatine nerve block with a modified implant surgical guide: A technique article.

J Prosthet Dent 2018 Sep 5;120(3):338-342. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Faculty, Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

This article describes a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technique to perform a precise nerve block of the nasopalatine and greater palatine nerves by using an implant surgical guide. The technique uses additional guide anchor pins planned and positioned for specific anatomic landmarks during guided implant surgical guide planning. A relief modification virtually designed on the intaglio surface of the surgical guide allows for palatal soft tissue distension following administration of local anesthetic. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Radiographic Assessment of Anatomy of Nasopalatine Canal for Dental Implant Placement: A Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Study.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Mar 1;19(3):301-305. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Periodontics, Triveni Institute of Dental Sciences Hospital & Research Center, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the morphology of nasopalatine canal (NPC) with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Materials And Methods: A total of 460 subjects of both genders were subjected to CBCT with NewTom machine, and sagittal and coronal sections were used for evaluation of the shape of NPC and width of buccal cortical plate. Types of NPC were also assessed. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Palatal Injection does not Block the Superior Alveolar Nerve Trunks: Correcting an Error Regarding the Innervation of the Maxillary Teeth.

Cureus 2018 Jan 28;10(1):e2120. Epub 2018 Jan 28.

Neurosurgery, Seattle Science Foundation.

The superior alveolar nerves course lateral to the maxillary sinus and the greater palatine nerve travels through the hard palate. This difficult three-dimensional anatomy has led some dentists and oral surgeons to a critical misunderstanding in developing the anterior and middle superior alveolar (AMSA) nerve block and the palatal approach anterior superior alveolar (P-ASA) nerve block. In this review, the anatomy of the posterior, middle and anterior superior alveolar nerves, greater palatine nerve, and nasopalatine nerve are revisited in order to clarify the anatomy of these blocks so that the perpetuated anatomical misunderstanding is rectified. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

[Ventral decompression techniques in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic atlanto-axial dislocations].

Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018 ;82(1):33-40

Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Care, B. Sukharevskaya Sq., 3, Moscow, Russia, 129090.

Compression of the caudal medulla oblongata and ventral portions of the spinal cord is the most dangerous complication of atlanto-axial dislocation (AAD).

Aim: The study objective was to improve surgical management of patients with ventral compression of the spinal cord in the setting of AAD of various genesis.

Material And Methods: We analyzed treatment outcomes in 250 patients with C1 and C2 injuries and diseases for the period between 2002 and 2016. Read More

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January 2018
7 Reads

Evolution of facial innervation in anomodont therapsids (Synapsida): Insights from X-ray computerized microtomography.

J Morphol 2018 May 21;279(5):673-701. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Evolutionary Studies Institute (ESI), School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2050, South Africa.

Anomodontia was the most successful herbivorous clade of the mammalian stem lineage (non-mammalian synapsids) during the late Permian and Early Triassic. Among anomodonts, Dicynodontia stands apart because of the presence of an osseous beak that shows evidence of the insertion of a cornified sheath, the ramphotheca. In this study, fourteen anomodont specimens were microCT-scanned and their trigeminal canals reconstructed digitally to understand the origin and evolution of trigeminal nerve innervation of the ramphotheca. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of anatomical and morphological characteristics of the nasopalatine canal in a Turkish population by cone beam computed tomography.

Authors:
S Hakbilen G Magat

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 5;77(3):527-535. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

Necmettin Erbakan University Dentistry Faculty, Konya, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse as three dimensions the anatomical and morphometric dimensions of nasopalatine canal (NPC) in the coronal, axial and sagittal directions using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to evaluate the effect of age, gender and maxillary dental status on NPC and buccal bone thickness (BBT).

Materials And Methods: In this study, CBCT data of the 619 individuals aged between 17 and 86 years were examined retrospectively with respect to dimensions and anatomic variations of the NPC and BBTs. The correlation of age, gender, and status of edentulism of anterior maxilla with all the variables were evaluated. Read More

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February 2018

Clinical application of MRI-respiratory gating technology in the evaluation of children with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 01;97(4):e9680

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.

The objective of the present study was to investigate the clinical application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-respiratory gating technology for assessing illness severity in children with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).MRI-respiratory gating technology was used to scan the nasopharyngeal cavities of 51 children diagnosed with OSAHS during 6 respiratory phases. Correlations between the ratio of the area of the adenoid to the area of the nasopalatine pharyngeal cavity (Sa/Snp), with the main indexes of polysomnography (PSG), were analyzed. Read More

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January 2018
8 Reads

Clinical and histopathological features of nasopalatine duct cyst: A 47-year retrospective study and review of current concepts.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Feb 2;46(2):264-268. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Department of Dentistry, Postgraduate Program in Oral Pathology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and histopathological features of nasopalatine duct cysts (NDCs) stored in the archives of a referred Oral Pathology Service over a 47-year-period, and to review current concepts about these cysts.

Material And Methods: All NDCs were reviewed, and clinical data were obtained from the patient records. Thirty cases were re-evaluated microscopically by 2 oral pathologists. Read More

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February 2018
8 Reads

Morphology and Dimensions of Nasopalatine Canal: a Radiographic Analysis Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

J Dent (Shiraz) 2017 Dec;18(4):244-250

Student Research Center, Dental School, International Branch of Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.

Statement Of The Problem: The surgical procedure of dental implantation in anterior maxillary area may be limited by the shape and size of nasopalatine canal (NPC). CBCT imaging provides three-dimensional information for surgical planning.

Purpose: This study is designed to evaluate the anatomy of NPC in a selected Iranian population. Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

The endoscopic endonasal approach to cranio-cervical junction: the complete panel.

Pan Afr Med J 2017 14;27:277. Epub 2017 Aug 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Allegheny General Hospital, Drexel University College of Medicine, 420 East North Avenue, Suite 302, Pittsburgh, PA, 15212, USA.

We aim to establish a complete summary on the Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA) to Cranio Cervical Junction (CCJ): evolution since first description, criteria to predict the feasibility and limitations, anatomical landmarks, indications and biomechanical evaluation after performing the approach. A comprehensive literature search to identify all available literature published between March 2002 and June 2015, the articles were divided into four categories according to their main purpose: 1- surgical technique, 2- anatomical landmarks and limitations, 3- literature reviews to identify main indications, 4- biomechanical studies. Thereafter, we demonstrate the approach step-by-step, using 1 fresh and 3 silicon injected embalmed cadaveric specimen heads. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

Demographic Profile of Non-Odontogenic Jaw Lesions in an Iranian Population: A 30-Year Archive Review.

J Dent (Tehran) 2017 May;14(3):132-137

Epidemiologist, Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: The frequency of non-odontogenic lesions of the jawbones is lower than that of odontogenic lesions; however, study of the epidemiologic data of these lesions is required for health care programs. This study aimed to assess the relative frequency and demographic profile of non-odontogenic jaw lesions in an Iranian population over a 30-year period.

Materials And Methods: This archive review was performed using demographic and biopsy information of all patients with non-odontogenic lesions of the jawbones submitted to the Oral Pathology Department of Dental School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences from 1984 to 2014. Read More

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May 2017
4 Reads

Patent nasopalatine ducts: an update of the literature and a series of new cases.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Feb 19;40(2):165-177. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Applied Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, 34 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Purpose: The objective of this review is to present an update and summary of clinical findings of cases with a patent nasopalatine duct (NPD) reported in the literature from 1881 to 2016.

Methods: Previous articles and reviews about patent NPDs were studied and copies of all original publications were obtained for data verification. Furthermore, a literature search was conducted. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

Odontogenic and nonodontogenic cysts: An analysis of 526 cases in Turkey.

Niger J Clin Pract 2017 Jul;20(7):879-883

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the age, gender, and sites of different types of odontogenic cysts (OCs) and non-OCs (nOCs) (seen in eastern Anatolian population in Turkey.

Materials And Methods: The following data were collected from the clinical records and histopathology reports of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and the Department of Oral Pathology, Ataturk University, Turkey, during a period of 10 years. They were analyzed descriptively in terms of incidence, age, sex, cyst type, and site. Read More

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July 2017
6 Reads

Aberrations Causing Neurovascular Damage in the Anterior Maxilla during Dental Implant Placement.

Authors:
Shane J J McCrea

Case Rep Dent 2017 13;2017:5969643. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

The Dental Implant and Gingival-Plastic Surgery Centre, Bournemouth, Dorset BH7 6AF, UK.

When dental implants are being considered for placement in the maxillary central incisor region, proximity to the nasopalatine canal and its contents needs to be accounted for. The morphology of the canal changes with age. The availability of CBCT has allowed the in-depth analysis of this important variable anatomy. Read More

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July 2017
2 Reads

Evaluation of the morphology of the canalis sinuosus using cone-beam computed tomography in patients with maxillary impacted canines.

Imaging Sci Dent 2017 Jun 22;47(2):69-74. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Department of Anatomy, Istanbul Medipol University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: The nasopalatine canal is a well-known, important anatomical structure in the anterior maxilla, but this region contains many accessory canals. The canalis sinuosus (CS) is one of these canals; it contains the anterior superior alveolar nerve, along with veins and arteries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the CS using conebeam computed tomography (CBCT) in patients with maxillary impacted canines. Read More

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June 2017
87 Reads

Management of the Nasopalatine Canal and Foramen Associated With Dental Implant Therapy.

Compend Contin Educ Dent 2016 Jun;38(6):367-372; quiz 374

Clinical Professor, College of Dental Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York; Private Practice, Surgical Implantology and Periodontics, Freehold, New Jersey.

In some patients, the contents of the nasopalatine canal must be removed to facilitate placement of a dental implant into the canal. Reasons to enucleate the canal in preparation for a bone graft or a dental implant include inadvertent perforation into the canal when creating an osteotomy for an implant, severe atrophy of the maxilla, and a large foramen that precludes placing an implant into the desired location along the bony ridge. The authors searched the dental literature for clinical reports in humans that addressed placement of dental implants into or adjacent to the nasopalatine canal. Read More

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June 2016
8 Reads

Success rate and complications associated with dental implants in the incisive canal region: a systematic review.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Dec 25;46(12):1584-1591. Epub 2017 May 25.

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Residency Program, University Hospital at the Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Electronic address:

A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the success rate of dental implants placed in the incisive canal region and the complications related to this procedure. An electronic search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Articles reporting the incisive canal deflation technique or neurovascular bundle lateralization technique, with or without concomitant dental implant installation and grafting procedures, were evaluated. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

Assessment of the Nasopalatine Canal: an Anatomical Study.

Acta Inform Med 2017 Mar;25(1):34-38

Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology and Imaging, Faculty of Dentistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomy of the nasopalatine canal in a Lebanese population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology.

Materials And Methods: CBCT images of 63 Lebanese adult patients were included in this study. The length, shape, diameter of the oral opening corresponding to the incisive foramen and inclination in relation to the hard palate of the nasopalatine canal were analyzed. Read More

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Three-Dimensional Analysis of the Anatomical Characteristics and Dimensions of the Nasopalatine Canal Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2017 Jun 15;16(2):197-204. Epub 2016 Feb 15.

Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics & Oral Implantology, M. A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra India.

Aim: Placement of implants in the maxillary anterior region needs to be preceded by careful analysis of the area as in addition to the functional aspect the esthetic outcome is of prime importance. This descriptive study evaluated anatomical characteristics and dimensions of the nasopalatine canal (NC) from coronal, sagittal and axial aspects using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) giving it a three dimensional analytical approach. Also the dimensions of the corresponding buccal bone plate (BBP) of the alveolar process were evaluated. Read More

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June 2017
10 Reads

The nasopalatine canal, a limiting factor for temporary anchorage devices: a cone beam computed tomography data study.

Eur J Orthod 2017 Nov;39(6):646-653

Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Center for Dental and Oral Medicine and Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Objectives: There is only little knowledge on topographical predispositions of the nasopalatine canal as a limiting factor for insertion of mid-palatal temporary anchorage devices (TAD). The purpose of the study was to assess the course of the nasopalatine canal, the adjacent vertical bone quantity, and whether it might differ among vertical facial types, using pre-existing cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans.

Material And Methods: Out of a consecutive sample collected from April 2008 to August 2012, only patient data depicting both upper and lower jaw completely were evaluated retrospectively. Read More

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November 2017
17 Reads

Implant Anchorage in the Nasopalatine Canal for the Rehabilitation of Severely Atrophic Maxilla.

Implant Dent 2017 Apr;26(2):324-327

*Assistant Professor, Department of Postgraduation, Universidade do Sagrado Coração (USC), Irmã Arminda, Bauru, Brazil. †Departament of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Professor, Universidade São Leopoldo Mandic, R. Dr. José Rocha Junqueira, Campinas, Brazil. ‡Departament of Post Graduate, Student of Dentistry, Universidade do Sagrado Coração (USC), Bauru, Brazil. §Assistant Professor, Department of Postgraduation, Universidade do Sagrado Coração (USC), Bauru, Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to describe the clinical case of implant placement in the nasopalatine canal as an aid for atrophic maxilla rehabilitation.

Case Report: The surgical procedure was carried out in 2 stages, the first part consisted of a surgery to lift the maxillary sinus membrane associated with the xenogeneic bone placement and the second part consisted of the surgery for the implants placement, both under local anesthesia. A number of seven osseointegrated implants were placed in the maxilla, one was anchored in the nasopalatine canal region after having its neurovascular content emptied by means of the use of drill threads of the implant system. Read More

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April 2017
8 Reads

Mesiodens Within the Nasopalatine Canal: An Exceptional Entity.

Clin Pract 2016 Oct 7;6(4):903. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology and Imaging, Lebanese University , Beirut, Lebanon.

A supernumerary tooth is one that is supplementary to the normal dentition. It can be found anywhere at the dental arch. A mesiodens is a supernumerary tooth located between the two maxillary central incisors usually palatally or within the alveolar process. Read More

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October 2016
4 Reads

A Hypothesis and Pilot Study of Age-Related Sensory Innervation of the Hard Palate: Sensory Disorder After Nasopalatine Nerve Division.

Med Sci Monit 2017 Jan 29;23:528-534. Epub 2017 Jan 29.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The nasopalatine nerve may be injured during extraction of teeth embedded in the anterior hard palate. The neural recovery process and its impact on sensation in the anterior hard palatal region are controversial. In our clinical practice, we noticed a distinct recovery process in children compared with adolescents or adults after surgery. Read More

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January 2017
4 Reads

Evaluation of Morphology and Anatomical Measurement of Nasopalatine Canal Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

J Dent (Tehran) 2016 Aug;13(4):287-294

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Objectives: Precise radiographic assessment of the nasopalatine canal is required to prevent implant failure. The purpose of the current study was to determine the three dimensional (3D) morphology, as well as the dimensions of the nasopalatine canal using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Materials And Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, maxillary CBCT images from 300 patients (150 men, 150 women) were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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August 2016
2 Reads

Craniovertebral Junction Transanasal and Transoral Approaches: Reconstruct the Surgical Pathways with Soft or Hard Tissue Endocopic Lines? This Is the Question.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2017 ;124:117-121

Insitute of Neurosurgery, Medical School, Catholic University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

A variety of pathological conditions may affect the clivus and the craniovertebral junction (CVJ). These include congenital disorders, chronic inflammation, neoplasms, infections, and posttraumatic conditions that could all result in CVJ compression and myelopathy Endoscopic-assisted procedures have been further developed for CVJ decompression and they have now become conventional approaches. The aims of the present study were:(1) to compare "radiological" and "surgical" nasoaxial lines (NAxLs); (2) to introduce an analogous radiological line as a predictor of the superior extension of the transoral approach (palatine inferior dental arch line (PIA); (3) to compare the "radiological" nasopalatine line (NPL) with the "surgical" NPL (SNPL) and surgical PIA (SPIA); (4) to compare "our" SNPL with the NAxL; and (5) to find possible radiological reference points to predict, preoperatively, the maximal extent of superior dissection for the transoral approach (SPIA). Read More

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November 2017
11 Reads

[Giant cell reparative granuloma of nasopalatine: a case report].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Jan;52(1):65-66

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, China.

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January 2017

Kallikrein-related peptidase expression in odontogenic cysts and tumors: An immunohistochemical comparative study.

J Investig Clin Dent 2017 Nov 4;8(4). Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to profile the expression of human kallikrein (KLK)-related peptidases (KLK) in odontogenic lesions.

Methods: Paraffin-embedded, formalin-fixed, non-odontogenic (control) and odontogenic lesions were stained for KLK using a standard immunohistochemical technique. The intensity and proportion of epithelial cells stained was scored. Read More

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November 2017
5 Reads

Nasopalatine Island Advancement Flap.

J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):2190-2191

*Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center†Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Anterior maxilla is a high esthetic region of the mouth. Some flaps are introduced for bone graft coverage, mainly based on secondary epithelization of connective tissue-periosteal tissues. This article evaluates the versatility of a new mucoperiosteal flap for reproducible coverage in anterior maxilla. Read More

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November 2016
5 Reads

Fetal Development of the Incisive Canal, Especially of the Delayed Closure Due to the Nasopalatine Duct: A Study Using Serial Sections of Human Fetuses.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2017 Jun 27;300(6):1093-1103. Epub 2017 Jan 27.

Department of Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea.

The incisive canal of the incisive bone or premaxilla is a narrow bony canal through which pass the nasopalatine nerve and its concomitant vessels. However, its fetal development remains obscure. To assess its development, serial frontal sections of the heads of 26 human fetuses, of gestational age 9-20 weeks (crown-rump length, 46-183 mm), were examined. Read More

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June 2017
15 Reads

Aggressive nasopalatine duct cyst with complete destruction of palatine bone.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2016 Oct;8(Suppl 1):S185-S188

Department of OMFS, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Nasopalatine duct cyst is the nonodontogenic developmental cyst, frequently occurring in the midline of the anterior maxillary region. The clinical presentation of the cyst is often varied and presents a diagnostic difficulty and frequently misdiagnosed as developmental or inflammatory odontogenic cystic lesion. This paper represents a large infected nasopalatine duct cyst presenting with complete destruction of anterior palate and pyriform rim. Read More

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October 2016
3 Reads

Anterior Palatal Island Advancement Flap for Bone Graft Coverage: Technical Note.

J Surg Tech Case Rep 2015 Jul-Dec;7(2):42-4

Assistant Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: The most important step in bone graft management is soft tissue coverage. Dehiscence of the wound leads to graft exposure and subsequent problems.

Purpose: This study introduces an axial pattern flap for bone graft coverage in anterior maxilla. Read More

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August 2016
9 Reads

What is the best position for palatal implants? A CBCT study on bone volume in the growing maxilla.

Clin Oral Investig 2017 Mar 1;21(2):541-549. Epub 2016 Aug 1.

Department of Orthodontics, University Medical Center Freiburg, Hugstetter. Str, 55 79106, Freiburg, Germany.

Objective: The objectives of the present study are the following: (a) to investigate limitations (bone height, proximity to nasopalatine nerve and roots) in juvenile patients, (b) to review the recommended site for surgical insertion (level of the maxillary first premolars), and (c) to reassess the rationale behind the manufacturer's age limitation (12 years).

Patients And Methods: Cone beam CT images of 100 patients aged 10 to 20 years were analyzed. Vertical bone heights were measured in the median plane as well as 3- and 6-mm paramedian along the prospective axis of insertion, at the level of the first premolars (level 0), 3 mm anterior (level 1) and 3 mm posterior (level 2). Read More

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March 2017
2 Reads

Considerations Involved in Placing Miniscrews Near the Nasopalatine Bundle.

J Clin Orthod 2016 May;50(5):321-8

Department of Orthodontics, Vita Salute University, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy.

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May 2016
3 Reads