5,591 results match your criteria Nasogastric Tube

Family-centered music therapy-Empowering premature infants and their primary caregivers through music: Results of a pilot study.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(5):e0250071. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: In Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) premature infants are exposed to various acoustic, environmental and emotional stressors which have a negative impact on their development and the mental health of their parents. Family-centred music therapy bears the potential to positively influence these stressors. The few existing studies indicate that interactive live-improvised music therapy interventions both reduce parental stress factors and support preterm infants' development. Read More

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Target Calorie Intake Achievements for Patients Treated in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit.

Clin Nutr Res 2021 Apr 19;10(2):107-114. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06973, Korea.

Adequate nutritional support in critically ill patients is important, however, sometimes it has been neglected in perioperative period of patients at surgical intensive care units (SICU). The aim of this study was to investigate whether approaching target calorie intake of surgical patients influences on their clinical outcomes. A total of 279 patients who admitted at SICU in perioperative period from August 2014 to July 2016 at our hospital were analyzed. Read More

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The Role of Humidity in the Management of Premature Neonates in a Rural Incubator.

Cureus 2021 Apr 10;13(4):e14411. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Divya Hospital, Thirpur, IND.

Background While growing inside the uterus, the human fetus floats in amniotic fluid, and the mother maintains a stable temperature of 37 °C and a humidity of 100%. In most neonatal incubators, a stable temperature is maintained but not the humidity. We hypothesised that maintaining a humidity of 70% and a temperature of 32 °C in incubator rooms might improve the outcomes related to low birth weight (LBW) neonates. Read More

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Orogastric intubation with dental fixation for enteral nutrition: a proof-of-concept study.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Aug 25. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF); Faculdade de Medicina, UPF, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

In this crossover trial, we evaluated a new technique for enteral nutrition using orogastric intubation. Twelve volunteers were randomly assigned to both orogastric (OGI) and conventional nasogastric intubation (NGI) with a 15-day interval. The tip of the orogastric tube was fixed intraorally into an upper molar. Read More

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Comparison of electromagnetic guided imagery to standard confirmatory methods for ascertaining nasogastric tube placement in children.

J Spec Pediatr Nurs 2021 May 11:e12338. Epub 2021 May 11.

Children's Hospital Colorado, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Purpose: Evaluate the accuracy of an electromagnetic device (EMD) guided nasogastric tube (NGT) placement compared with standard confirmation methods. A secondary aim was to determine if EMD guided NGT placement would avert potential pulmonary misplacements of the tube.

Design And Methods: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) patients were enrolled if they had an NGT order during the study period of April 2014 through December 2016. Read More

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Variables Prevalent Among Early Unplanned Readmissions in Infants Following Congenital Heart Surgery.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Section of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Medically complex children including infants undergoing cardiac surgery are at increased risk for hospital readmissions. Investigation of this population may reveal opportunities to optimize systems and coordination of care. A retrospective study of all infants undergoing cardiac surgery from 2015 through 2016 at a large tertiary institution who were readmitted within 1 year of discharge from cardiac surgical hospitalization was performed. Read More

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Acute pancreatitis and small bowel obstruction caused by a migratory gastric bezoar after dissolution therapy: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(13):3114-3119

Endoscopy Center, Department of Gastroenterology, Clinical Medical College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Bezoars are conglomerates of indigestible foreign material that can be found in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastric ulcer, gastrointestinal perforation, and intestinal obstruction are the main complications. Acute pancreatitis secondary to bezoar is rare. Read More

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Routine point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) assessment of gastric antral content in traumatic emergency surgical patients for prevention of aspiration pneumonitis: an observational clinical trial.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 May 8;21(1):140. Epub 2021 May 8.

Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Polytrauma patients are at a higher risk of delayed gastric emptying. To assess the gastric volume, a reliable diagnostic tool is needed to prevent the occurrence of aspiration pneumonia, which remains a serious complication associated with anesthesia. Gastric antral ultrasound can provide reliable information about the size of the gastric antrum in traumatized patients undergoing emergency surgery. Read More

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Previous upper abdominal surgery is a risk factor for nasogastric tube reinsertion after pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Surgery 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

Background: Pancreaticoduodenectomy without subsequent nasogastric tube management has not been widely adopted due to delayed gastric emptying, the specific and frequent morbidity associated with this surgical procedure. We assessed the feasibility of pancreaticoduodenectomy without use of nasogastric tubes and the risk factors for subsequent nasogastric tube reinsertion.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 465 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at a single institution between 2010 and 2019. Read More

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Tracheostomy on infants born in the periviable period: Outcomes at discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 27;146:110746. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology H & N Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine and University of Maryland Children's Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objectives: Advances in neonatal intensive care have allowed successful resuscitation of children born at the border of viability. However, there has been little change in the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and anatomical upper airway obstruction which may require a tracheostomy in that group. The benefits of the procedure are accompanied by sequelae that impact outcomes. Read More

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The impact of variations in care and complications within a colorectal enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program on length of stay.

Ann Coloproctol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Discipline of Surgery, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Purpose: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) has become standard of care in colorectal surgery. However, there is not a universally accepted colorectal ERAS protocol and significant variations in care exist between institutions. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of variations in ERAS interventions and complications on length of stay. Read More

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Cervical adenitis caused by in a newborn.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 5;14(5). Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neonatology, Maternidade Doutor Daniel de Matos, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, EPE, Coimbra, Portugal.

Cervical acute lymphadenitis is rarely described in neonates. We present the case of a 12-day-old preterm, fed by nasogastric tube, who presented a tender erythematous submandibular swelling. Laboratory data showed neutrophilia and an elevation of C reactive protein and procalcitonin. Read More

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Endoscopic pyloromyotomy in minimally invasive esophagectomy: a novel approach.

Surg Endosc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Thoracic and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background: Pyloric drainage procedures, namely pyloromyotomy or pyloroplasty, have long been considered an integral aspect of esophagectomy. However, the requirement of pyloric drainage in the era of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been brought into question. This is in part because of the technical challenges of performing the pyloric drainage laparoscopically, leading many surgical teams to explore other options or to abandon this procedure entirely. Read More

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An uncommon case of nonconvulsive status epilepticus successfully treated with enteral Brivaracetam.

Acta Biomed 2021 Apr 30;92(S1):e2021156. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Neuroscience, Stroke Unit San Camillo Hospital, Rome.

Background And Aim Of The Work: We present a case of a woman affected by nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) caused by cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) who was successfully treated with Brivaracetam (BRV) administered via nasogastric tube (NGT).

Case Presentation: An 82-years old woman was referred for increasing blood pressure, severe headache and two focal motor seizures on postoperative day four after right CEA. CT scan showed edema of the right hemisphere with a midline shift of 5 mm. Read More

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The rare Ogilvie's Syndrome in pregnancy. How to manage? A case report and literature review.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 May 2:1-9. Epub 2021 May 2.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Academic Hospital of Udine, Department of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, or Ogilvie's syndrome (OS), is a complication in gynaecology and obstetrics. Its occurrence during pregnancy is rare, redefining the therapeutic decision-making and treatment options. In this review we describe the case of a 37-year-old pregnant patient who developed OS at the 30th week of gestation. Read More

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Case Report: Late-Presenting Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia With Tension Gastrothorax.

Front Pediatr 2021 14;9:618596. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Train and Help Babies Organization, Dallas, TX, United States.

A congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) occurs when the abdominal contents protrude into the thoracic cavity through an opening in the diaphragm. The main pathology lies in the maldevelopment or defective fusion of the pleuroperitoneal membranes. Delayed diagnosis in later childhood as in the index case reported here can lead to life-threatening complications such as tension gastrothorax and gastric volvulus. Read More

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Nasogastric Tube Feeding in Older Patients: A Review of Current Practice and Challenges Faced.

Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res 2021 21;2021:6650675. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Cutrale Perioperative and Ageing Group, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Nasogastric tube feeding is an essential way of delivering enteral nutrition when the oral route is insufficient or unsafe. Malnutrition is recognised as a reversible factor for sarcopenia and frailty. It is therefore crucial that malnutrition is treated in older inpatients who have dysphagia and require enteral nutrition. Read More

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January 2021

Effects of parecoxib after pancreaticoduodenectomy: A single center randomized controlled trial.

Int J Surg 2021 Apr 28:105962. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of General Surgery, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, 100034, China. Electronic address:

Background: Parecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, is a potential alternative analgesic to reduce opioid consumption after Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Further, the safety and efficacy of long-term use of parecoxib for patients after PD remain a major concern.

Materials And Methods: In this single-center, randomized clinical trial, 134 patients undergoing open PD were randomized into the parecoxib group (group P) and control group (group C) at a 1:1 ratio. Read More

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Predictors of nasogastric tube removal in patients with stroke and dysphagia.

Int J Rehabil Res 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department of Research, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Dysphagia is present in 25-50% of patients with stroke. Therefore, studying the probability of nasogastric tube removal in such patients before discharge from the rehabilitation ward is crucial. In this study, we developed a model to predict the outcome of dysphagia in patients with stroke. Read More

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Nutritional Support in Patients with Severe Acute Pancreatitis-Current Standards.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 28;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Digestive Tract Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Medyków 14 St., 40752 Katowice, Poland.

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) leads to numerous inflammatory and nutritional disturbances. All SAP patients are at a high nutritional risk. It has been proven that proper nutrition significantly reduces mortality rate and the incidence of the infectious complications in SAP patients. Read More

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Life-Threatening Malnutrition in Very Severe ME/CFS.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Apr 14;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

NHS Consultant Physician, London W1G 9PF, UK.

Very severe Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), (also known as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome) can lead to problems with nutrition and hydration. The reasons can be an inability to swallow, severe gastrointestinal problems tolerating food or the patient being too debilitated to eat and drink. Some patients with very severe ME will require tube feeding, either enterally or parenterally. Read More

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Biologically transparent illumination is a safe, fast, and simple technique for detecting the correct position of the nasogastric tube in surgical patients under general anesthesia.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(4):e0250258. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, International University of Health and Welfare Hospital, Tochigi, Japan.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using biologically transparent illumination to detect the correct position of the nasogastric tube in surgical patients. This prospective observational study enrolled 102 patients undergoing general surgeries. In all cases, a nasogastric tube equipped with a biologically transparent illumination catheter was inserted after general anesthesia. Read More

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The experience of family caregivers of patients receiving home nasogastric tube feeding in China: A descriptive qualitative study.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, China.

Background: The value of caregivers to ensure safety during home nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding is increasingly acknowledged. However, little attention has been given to the experience of caregivers.

Methods: A qualitative descriptive design using semi-structured interviews via purposive sampling at a comprehensive hospital in China was employed. Read More

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Aphagia in frontal lobe syndrome following traumatic brain injury: Delightful lessons from olanzapine treatment.

Indian J Psychiatry 2020 Nov-Dec;62(6):732-733. Epub 2020 Dec 12.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

A case of persistent aphagia in frontal lobe syndrome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) with successful use of olanzapine to improve the eating disorder is presented. A 20-year-old man suffered a severe TBI with right frontal intracerebral haemorrhage At four-month post-TBI, he had agitation, concurrent apathy with constant refusal for oral swallow despite gustatory sensory stimulation, hence the needs for nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding. He was diagnosed with frontal lobe syndrome and prescribed olanzapine 5mg daily that was optimised to 10mg due to worsened aggression. Read More

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December 2020

Early enteral feeding is beneficial for patients after pelvic exenteration surgery: A randomized controlled trial.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Postoperative feeding practices vary after pelvic exenteration surgery because of the lack of nutrition research in this specific surgical area. Postoperative ileus (POI) is common after pelvic exenteration surgery, and early enteral feeding is often avoided because of the lack of evidence and the belief that this may induce POI in this patient cohort. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of early enteral feeding after pelvic exenteration surgery on return of bowel movement and POI. Read More

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Method of Hydration for Infants Admitted With Bronchiolitis: Physician or Parental Choice?

Cureus 2021 Mar 15;13(3):e13896. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Pediatrics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, CAN.

Objectives This study examines the practice patterns with respect to the technique of non-oral hydration of infants admitted with bronchiolitis at one Canadian tertiary care institution. Additionally, the authors assess the infants' parents' attitudes regarding hydration through a nasogastric (NG) tube instead of an intravenous (IV) line. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted for all infants admitted with bronchiolitis from May 1, 2016, to April 30, 2018, with a focus on the method of hydration, investigation with chest radiography, and use of IV antibiotics. Read More

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Risk Factors for and Clinical Outcomes of Carbapenem-Resistant Nosocomial Infections: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Hospital in Beijing, China.

Infect Drug Resist 2021 13;14:1393-1401. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Carbapenem-resistant (CRKP) infections have been increasingly reported worldwide. We aimed to identify the risk factors for nosocomial CRKP infections and assess the clinical outcomes.

Patients And Methods: We conducted a case-control study with data collected from January 2016 to December 2018 in China. Read More

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From Blocking Shots to Blocking GI Transit, This Professional Basketball Player Does It All: A Case Report on Small Bowel Obstruction.

Case Rep Med 2021 1;2021:5534945. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Investigation Performed at the Emory Clinic, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Small bowel obstructions (SBO) are a commonly encountered diagnosis within emergency departments. Typically, these patients have evident risk factors including, but not limited to, prior abdominal surgery, personal or family history of gastrointestinal disorders, femoral and inguinal hernias, or neoplasm. In this case, we describe an SBO in a female, professional athlete whose swift, severe symptom onset, rapid resolution with conservative treatment, lack of identifiable risk factors, and prompt return to high level competition without recurrence are certainly unique. Read More

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The effects of vitamin E on colistin-induced nephrotoxicity in treatment of drug-resistant gram-negative bacterial infections: A randomized clinical trial.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Nephrotoxicity remains a major long-standing concern for colistin, and it is critical to find agents that can prevent it. The present study aims to investigate the effect of vitamin E on the prevention of colistin-induced nephrotoxicity based on its antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties.

Methods: A randomized clinical trial was designed for 52 patients taking colistin. Read More

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Individualized Treatment and Palliative Care for A 90-Year-Old Patient with Primary Gastric Diffuse Large-B Cell Lymphoma: 4 Year Follow-up and Inspiration.

Chin Med Sci J 2021 Mar;36(1):72-77

Department of Geriatrics,Air Force Medical Center, Beijing 100142, China.

A 90-year-old man was diagnosed with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGDLBL) by PET/CT examination, gastroscopy, biopsy and histopathological analysis at a regular physical check in April, 2016. The patient received R-CO chemotherapy (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, and vincristine) and radiotherapy subsequently, with enteral nutritional treatment through 3-cavity nasogastric tube due to development of pyloric obstruction. To satisfy patient's strong desire of eating by himself, we performed surgery of exploratory laparotomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB) to relieve pylorus obstruction. Read More

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