15,706 results match your criteria Nasal Reconstruction

Piezo-Assisted Dorsal Preservation in Rhinoplasty: When and Why.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Plastic surgeon in private practice, Monterrey, Mexico.

Background: Preservation rhinoplasty philosophy with its "down techniques" is currently undergoing a renaissance. Its goal is to spare and preserve noble nasal structures such as ligaments, nerves and vessels, reducing to a minimum local tissue manipulation and avoiding the drawbacks and pitfalls associated with classic dorsal reconstruction techniques often resulting in irregularities which often lead to an increased rhinoplasty revision rate.

Methods: In this article, we reviewed 107 consecutive cases in which a variety of preservation techniques were used. Read More

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Complex nasal reconstruction for skin cancer and posttraumatic deformity using a modified frontonasal flap - Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 30;83:105944. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, AARE KLINIK, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Reconstruction of the nasal tip is challenging, especially when large defects are associated with compromised nasal soft tissues and framework. The frontonasal flap is an axial-pattern myocutaneous flap from the glabella and nasal dorsum that allows for various modifications in flap design to cover medium sized defects of the nasal tip.

Case Presentation: A 66-year-old male patient presented with a large and ulcerated squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal tip that was associated with substantial posttraumatic damage of the nasal soft tissue envelope and cartilaginous vault of the dorsum. Read More

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Narrowing and Operated Appearance of the Middle Nasal Third after Hump Resection without Middle Vault Reconstruction.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

From Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery, Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen; and the Finesse Center for Facial Plastic Surgery.

Background: Little is known about the incidence of narrowing and an operated appearance of the dorsum after hump resections if the dorsum is not reconstructed with spreader grafts or spreader flaps.

Methods: Patients who had undergone a composite hump resection (n = 22) or a component hump resection (n = 25) were interviewed and photographed with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Four expert rhinoplasty surgeons and four laypersons rated the appearance of the middle third of the dorsum on the preoperative and postoperative en face photographs. Read More

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Effect of a boomerang-shaped Conchal cartilage graft for Type three Tympanoplasty on Hearing.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 30;25(2):e289-e295. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.

 Chronic suppurative otitis media atticoantral disease (CSOM-AAD) is often associated with ossicular erosion resulting in significant hearing loss. Absence of the stapes suprastructure is a poor prognostic indicator of hearing outcome, which necessitates an effective reconstruction technique for ossicular continuity and restoration of middle ear volume. In the present study, we used a boomerang-shaped conchal cartilage graft. Read More

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Prelaminated flaps in head and neck cancer reconstructive surgery: A systematic review.

Microsurgery 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy.

Background: Prelamination is a reconstructive technique providing fasciomucosal or composite flaps with low donor-site morbidity. We conducted a systematic review of retrospective studies to assess the application of prelaminated flaps in reconstructive surgery of head and neck cancer patients, and to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of this technique.

Methods: This systematic review adhered to the recommendations of the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis) 2009 guidelines. Read More

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Forensic Recreation and Visual Representation of Greek Orthodox Church Saint Eftychios of Crete.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1317:17-33

Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgical Oncology Clinic, General University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Greece.

Facial reconstruction is employed in medical science and archaeology. Though quite popular as anthropological method, it has not so far been used in the orthodox ecclesiastical tradition. This work presents the facial reconstruction of St Eftychios of Crete, who lived between the ninth and tenth centuries. Read More

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Long-Term Quality of Life after Endoscopic Pituitary Adenoma Surgery with Nasoseptal Flap Reconstruction.

Rambam Maimonides Med J 2021 Apr 29;12(2). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Introduction: Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS) on the pituitary gland is considered safe and efficacious. The nasoseptal flap (NSF) is sometimes used to prevent or repair postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. Few investigators have quantified long-term quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes regarding sinonasal measures after EETS, with or without involvement of the NSF. Read More

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Integrated multi-modality image-guided navigation for neurosurgery: open-source software platform using state-of-the-art clinical hardware.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

Purpose: Image-guided surgery (IGS) is an integral part of modern neuro-oncology surgery. Navigated ultrasound provides the surgeon with reconstructed views of ultrasound data, but no commercial system presently permits its integration with other essential non-imaging-based intraoperative monitoring modalities such as intraoperative neuromonitoring. Such a system would be particularly useful in skull base neurosurgery. Read More

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Reconstruction of Cutaneous Nasal Alar Defects Following Melanocytic Nevus Resection.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: The reconstruction of nasal alar defects after resection of a melanocytic nevus becomes one of the most challenging procedures for surgeons. Choosing the most appropriate technique is still difficult sometimes. The authors reviewed our cases and published experience on choosing optimal surgical methods to repair different types of nasal alar defect following melanocytic nevus resection. Read More

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Elevated APOBEC mutational signatures implicate chronic injury in etiology of an aggressive head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 30;15(1):252. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94115, USA.

Background: Aggressive squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) present frequently in the context of chronic skin injury occurring in patients with the congenital blistering disease recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Recently, these cancers were shown to harbor mutation signatures associated with endogenous deaminases of the active polynucleotide cytosine deaminase family, collectively termed APOBEC, and clock-like COSMIC [Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer] signatures, which are associated with normal aging and might result from cumulative DNA replication errors. We present a case of a nasal septal SCC arising in the context of recurrent injury, but also modest past tobacco use. Read More

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First Genome-Scale Metabolic Model of Confirms Multiple Auxotrophies.

Metabolites 2021 Apr 9;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Computational Systems Biology of Infections and Antimicrobial-Resistant Pathogens, Institute for Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics (IBMI), University of Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

is a quite recently discovered Gram-positive coccus. It has gained increasing attention due to its negative correlation with , which is one of the most successful modern pathogens causing severe infections with tremendous morbidity and mortality due to its multiple resistances. As the possible mechanisms behind its inhibition of remain unclear, a genome-scale metabolic model (GEM) is of enormous interest and high importance to better study its role in this fight. Read More

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Repair Exposure of the Postauricular Tissue Expander Using the Modified Brent Method: A 7-Year Experience.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Apr 29:1455613211007967. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Ear Reconstruction, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shijingshan District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: Ear reconstruction is a challenging surgery for the complicated conditions in patients with microtia. The tissue expansion techniques were necessary and relatively safe for patients with insufficient soft tissue. However, complications such as necrosis of expanded flap and exposure of tissue expander limited the popularization of this method. Read More

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Reconstruction Experience Using Logarithmic Spiral Flap on the Nasal Sidewall.

Ann Dermatol 2020 Jun 24;32(3):260-261. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Dermatology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

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Facial Reconstruction According to Aesthetic Units.

J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2020 Oct-Dec;13(4):298-304

Head, Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery Service, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo, Lima, Perú.

Context: The facial subunit principle organizes the facial skin into subunits. Facial reconstruction for skin cancer based on aesthetic units consists of replacing the entire subunit when a large part of a subunit has been removed.

Aims: To determine the prevalence of facial skin cancer, their location by facial aesthetic units, and the type of facial reconstruction used in each of them. Read More

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Mucosal resurfacing of the suprastructure maxillectomy cavity using nasal cavity mucosa flaps.

Oral Oncol 2021 Apr 25:105289. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School & Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Jeonnam, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: We analyzed clinical data of patients in which the suprastructure maxillectomy site was covered with nasal cavity mucosa flaps with or without free mucosa graft from the nasal septum, to determine the usefulness of this procedure.

Patients And Methods: A total of four edentulous patients who had the suprastructure maxillectomy site covered using nasal cavity mucosa flaps with or without free mucosa graft from the nasal septum between 2014 and 2020, were analyzed.

Results: All patients underwent suprastructure maxillectomy using the external approach. Read More

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Influence of skeletal class and facial type on nose dimensions in a Brazilian subpopulation: a CBCT study.

Braz Oral Res 2021 26;35:e036. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas - Unicamp, Piracicaba Dental School, Department of Oral Diagnosis - Oral Radiology, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

Evaluating factors that may influence the nose dimensions and, therefore, contribute to the singularity of a person, is important for obtaining a precise facial reconstruction (FR) in forensic anthropology. Thus, the aim in this study was to evaluate the influence of sex, skeletal class, and facial type on nose dimensions of Brazilian individuals using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. CBCT images of 54 males and 67 females were classified according to skeletal class (class I, II, or III) and facial type (brachycephalic, dolichocephalic and mesocephalic). Read More

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Laterally Based Island Pedicle Flap Reconstruction of Distal Nasal Defects.

Dermatol Surg 2021 May;47(5):701-703

George Washington School of Medicine, Washington, DC.

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The Performance of Secondary Nasal Alar Base Revision for Unilateral Cleft Lip by Single YV-Plasty (the Importance of Overcorrection During Surgery).

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2021 Apr 23:10556656211010609. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Soseikai General Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Although primary surgery for cleft lip has improved over time, the degree of secondary cleft or nasal deformity reportedly varies from a minimum degree to a remarkable degree. Patients with cleft often worry about residual nose deformity, such as a displaced columella, a broad nasal floor, and a deviation of the alar base on the cleft side. Some of the factors that occur in association with secondary cleft or nasal deformity include a deviation of the anterior nasal spine, a deflected septum, a deficiency of the orbicularis muscle, and a lack of bone underlying the nose. Read More

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Total nasal reconstruction with pre-laminated, super-thin anterolateral thigh flap: A case report.

Microsurgery 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

Many techniques for nasal reconstruction have been described to achieve aesthetically and functionally favorable results. Local tissues, specifically the forehead flap, provide the best tissue match with the nose. However, when local tissue donor sites are limited, alternative options such as free tissue transfers should be considered. Read More

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A Strategy for Integrative Reconstruction of Midface Defects Using an Extended Forehead Flap.

Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Midface reconstruction is challenging because the structures and deformities involved are complicated. In this study, we present a strategy for integrally reconstructing nasal and midface defects, including hair-bearing defects, using extended forehead-expanded flaps. From 2015 to 2018, a total of 22 patients with midface defects underwent reconstruction with extended forehead-expanded flaps. Read More

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3D skull modelling and description of a new baurusuchid (Crocodyliformes, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Late Cretaceous (Bauru Basin) of Brazil.

J Anat 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Laboratório de Paleontologia de Ribeirão Preto, FFCLRP, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Baurusuchidae is one of the most diverse groups of South American notosuchians, unambiguously recorded in Late Cretaceous deposits of Brazil and Argentina. The group is characterized by a reduced tooth formula, a lateromedially compressed rostrum, and a verticalized quadrate, representing one of the top predators of their faunas. Historically, skull morphology is the most employed tool to investigate the relationships of baurusuchids, as most of the species have been primarily based on cranial remains. Read More

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A novel 3D histotypic cartilage construct engineered by supercritical carbon dioxide decellularized porcine nasal cartilage graft and chondrocytes exhibited chondrogenic capability .

Int J Med Sci 2021 25;18(10):2217-2227. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.

Augmentative and reconstructive rhinoplasty surgical procedures use autologous tissue grafts or synthetic grafts to repair the nasal defect and aesthetic reconstruction. Donor site trauma and morbidity are common in autologous grafts. The desperate need for the production of grafted 3D cartilage tissues as rhinoplasty grafts without the adverse effect is the need of the hour. Read More

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[Research progress of autogenous cartilage scaffold carving method in rhinoplasty].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;35(4):514-518

Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning Guangxi, 530021, P.R.China.

Objective: To summarize the research progress of autogenous cartilage scaffold carving method in rhinoplasty.

Methods: The relevant literature about the autogenous cartilage scaffold carving methods in rhinoplasty in resent years at home and abroad was reviewed, and the carving skills, shape, and application scope of different parts of nasal scaffolds were summarized and analyzed.

Results: Willow-leaf shape is still the main method of cartilage scaffold in the back of the nose. Read More

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Application of FACE-Q and NOSE in Nasal Reconstruction with Paramedian Frontal Flap after Skin Cancer Resection.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Apr 8;9(4):e3533. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Medical School, Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMUSP), São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is responsible for high morbidity and mortality, resulting in a high cost to the health system. The nose is the leading region affected by this type of tumor and may need reconstruction by tissue transfer. The paramedian forehead flap (PFF) is one of the main options used, and the factors that influence the result should be studied. Read More

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The LN Flap for Nasal Defect Reconstruction: An 84-case Experience with a Novel Technique.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Apr 8;9(4):e3526. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background: The nose is a common site for cutaneous malignancy and post-ablative reconstruction. To our knowledge, a myocutaneous island flap based on the levator labii superioris alaeque nasi (LLSAN) and nasalis muscles, with vascularity from the lateral nasal and angular arteries, has not been described for reconstruction of the lower lateral nose.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent LLSAN-nasalis island flap reconstruction between 2015 and 2019 was performed. Read More

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Analysis of Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma according to Nasal Subunit Location.

Facial Plast Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department, Cumhuriyet University Medical Faculty, Sivas, Turkey.

The nose is highly vulnerable to skin cancers due to the unavoidable sun exposure. The most common localization of skin cancers on the face is nose. Although the nose appears to be a single structure, it comprises many aesthetic units with different histological and anatomical properties. Read More

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Soft Tissue Trauma to the Nose: Management and Special Considerations.

Facial Plast Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

The nose is one of the most common sites of facial injury due to its prominence and anatomical placement. Given its intricate anatomy, function, and high visibility, it also proves to be one of the most complex regions for repair. We provide a review of the management of soft tissue injuries to the nose, including the various reconstructive tools available and adjunctive wound care measures. Read More

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Use of Dorsal Nasal Flap in Combination With Nasolabial Perforator Propeller Flap for Reconstruction of Nasal Skin Defects of Medium to Large Size; A Simpler Alternative to Frontal Flap.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthethic Surgery, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthethic Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Bakirköy Sadi Konuk Education and Research Hospital Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthethic Surgery, Memorial Atasehir Hospital, Istanbul Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthethic Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Izmir Bozyaka Education and Research Hospital, Izmir Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthethic Surgery, Kirsehir Education and Research Hospital, Kirsehir.

Abstract: Nasal reconstruction is one of the most challenging procedures in plastic surgery. To get optimal aesthetic and functional results, the surgeon should know all the options well. Forehead flap is the gold standard technique for closure of medium to large defects of the nose. Read More

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Central hemangioma of Zygoma - A rare case report with CT and MRI features.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2021 Apr-Jun;64(2):334-338

Tatva Dental Clinic, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Intraosseous hemangiomas are uncommon, constituting less than 1% of all osseous tumors. The most frequent sites are the calvaria and the vertebral column. The involvement of the facial bones is rare, and if occurs, it can involve maxilla, mandible, nasal bones and zygomatic bone. Read More

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