196,888 results match your criteria Nasal Fracture Imagings


Oral allergen immunotherapy by targeting Peyer's patches.

Allergy 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Comparative Medicine, The interuniversity Messerli Research Institute, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Medical University of Vienna and University of Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210, Vienna, Austria.

The present patent relates to the use of bioadhesive, biodegradable poly-lacto-glycolic (PLGA) microparticles for allergen immunotherapy. Surface modification of allergen-loaded microspheres with Aleuria aurantia lectin causes selective enrichment, prolongation of the dwell time and uptake via mucosal M cells overlying the lymph nodes e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13828DOI Listing

Aberrant internal carotid artery in the middle ear: the duplication variant.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 20;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Nicosia Otolaryngology Center, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Vascular variants concerning the internal carotid artery (ICA) at the skull base level are rare. Correct workup and diagnosis in case of suspicion of such a variant are important as it mimics glomus tumours and could complicate myringotomy or middle ear surgery. We report a case of a 39-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of right pulsatile tinnitus and aural fullness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228865DOI Listing

The effectiveness of a parent participation improvement program for parents on partnership, attachment infant growth in a neonatal intensive care unit: A randomized controlled trial.

Int J Nurs Stud 2019 Apr 2;95:19-27. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Institutional Address: College of Nursing, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Parent participation based on collaboration with nurses is recognized as an important concept in neonatal care. However, there is a lack of research providing specific strategies to promote parent participation in clinical activities, and there are few studies including both mothers and fathers.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop a Parent Participation Improvement Program for parents in neonatal intensive care units, and to evaluate its effects on parents' partnerships with nurses, attachment to infants, and infants' body weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.03.018DOI Listing

Phenomenological tissue fracture modeling for an Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery training system based on experimental data.

Med Eng Phys 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The ideal simulator for Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery (ESSS) training must be supported by a physical model and provide repetitive behavior in a controlled environment. Development of realistic tissue models is a key part of ESSS virtual reality (VR)-based surgical simulation. Considerable research has been conducted to address haptic or force feedback and propose a phenomenological tissue fracture model for sino-nasal tissue during surgical tool indentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Efficacy of Videostroboscopy and High-Speed Videoendoscopy to Obtain Functional Outcomes From Perioperative Ratings in Patients With Vocal Fold Mass Lesions.

J Voice 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Center for Laryngeal Surgery and Voice Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, MGH Institute of Health Professions, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives: A major limitation of comparing the efficacy of videostroboscopy (VS) and high-speed videoendoscopy (HSV) is the lack of an objective reference by which to compare the functional assessment ratings of the two techniques. For patients with vocal fold mass lesions, intraoperative measures of lesion size and depth may serve as this objective reference. This study compared the relationships between the pre- to postoperative change in VS and HSV visual-perceptual ratings to intraoperative measures of lesion size and depth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.03.012DOI Listing

Comparing the effects of 3 oxygen delivery methods plus intravenous ketorolac on primary headaches: A randomized clinical trial.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Department of Emergency Medicine, Dr. Shariati Hospital, Kargar Ave, P.O Box 14117-13137, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare three different oxygen therapy methods in primary headaches.

Methods: Design: A randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted between January 2016 and October 2017.

Setting: The emergency department of a university-affiliated urban hospital in Tehran, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.018DOI Listing

Craniomaxillofacial osteosarcoma - The role of surgical margins.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Helsinki and HUS Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Division of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Department of Clinical Sciences, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Research Programme in Systems Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: Osteosarcomas (OS) in the craniomaxillofacial (CMF) region are typically diagnosed at later age than long-bone OS, but they are reported to have better 5-year survival. Curative treatment warrants wide surgical resection, which is often not possible in the CMF region. The purpose of this article is to present a nationwide series of CMF in Finland to discuss the role of surgery. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10105182183113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2019.03.020DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Expansile Superabsorbent Polymer Ball Foreign Body in the Ear.

J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, UPMC, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) are materials that can absorb large quantities of water. Small spherical SAPs are commonly marketed as toys for children.

Case Report: We report the case of a 4-year-old female who presented to a pediatric emergency department with a small, marble-sized SAP that was placed in her ear by herself during the course of play at daycare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.02.016DOI Listing

Selection of lymph node target volumes for definitive head and neck radiation therapy: a 2019 Update.

Radiother Oncol 2019 May 30;134:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Radiation Oncology Department, Léon Bérard Cancer Center, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: In 2000, a panel of experts published a proposal for the selection of lymph node target volumes for definitive head and neck radiation therapy (Radiother Oncol, 2000; 56: 135-150). Hereunder, this selection is updated and extended to also cover primary sites not previously covered.

Patients And Methods: The lymphatic spread of head and neck cancers into neck lymph nodes was comprehensively reviewed based on radiological, surgical and pathological literature regarding both initial involvement and patterns of failure. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01678140193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2019.01.018DOI Listing
May 2019
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Comparison of nucleic acid extraction methods for next-generation sequencing of avian influenza A virus from ferret respiratory samples.

J Virol Methods 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA, 30329, USA. Electronic address:

Influenza A virus is a negative-sense RNA virus with a segmented genome consisting of eight RNA segments. Avian influenza A virus (AIV) primarily infects avian hosts and sporadically infects mammals, which can lead to adaptation to new species. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of emerging AIV genomes extracted from respiratory samples collected on sequential days from animal models and clinical patients enables analysis of the emergence of evolutionary variants within the virus population over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.04.014DOI Listing

Correlations between Computational Fluid Dynamics and clinical evaluation of nasal airway obstruction due to septal deviation: an observational study.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

APHM, Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, La Conception University Hospital, 13385, Marseille Cedex, France.

Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to determine how Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) could be correlated to clinical evaluation of Nasal Airway Obstruction (NAO) in a population of patients with symptomatic septal deviation (SD). The secondary objective was to determine whether CFD could define which side was the more obstructed.

Design: This was an observational study. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/coa.13344
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13344DOI Listing
April 2019
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Colonization of the Human Nose and Interaction with Other Microbiome Members.

Microbiol Spectr 2019 Mar;7(2)

University of Tübingen, Interfaculty Institute for Microbiology and Infection Medicine Tübingen, Infection Biology Unit, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

is usually regarded as a bacterial pathogen due to its ability to cause multiple types of invasive infections. Nevertheless, colonizes about 30% of the human population asymptomatically in the nares, either transiently or persistently, and can therefore be regarded a human commensal as well, although carriage increases the risk of infection. Whereas many facets of the infection processes have been studied intensively, little is known about the commensal lifestyle of . Read More

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http://www.asmscience.org/content/journal/microbiolspec/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/microbiolspec.GPP3-0029-2018DOI Listing
March 2019
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Safety and Efficacy of 0.5% Carbomer 980 Gel for Treatment of Symptoms of Common Cold: Results of 2 Randomized Trials.

Authors:
Lara Dennie

Drugs R D 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Clinical Research Innovation, GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, 184 Liberty Corner Rd, Warren, NJ, 07059, USA.

Background: Two studies of intranasal 0.5% carbomer 980 gel were conducted evaluating nasal tolerability in healthy volunteers and safety and efficacy in adults with common cold symptoms.

Methods: Study 1 randomly assigned healthy adults to 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40268-019-0270-3DOI Listing

Identification of High-Yield Targets for Antimicrobial Stewardship Program Efforts Within a Nonfreestanding Children's Hospital.

Hosp Pediatr 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases.

Objectives: Identify diagnoses with the highest likelihood of prompting antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) recommendations and lowest probability of recommendation acceptance, investigate the impact of provider years in practice on recommendation receipt and acceptance, and simultaneously assess the influence of patient and provider-level variables associated with recommendations within a nonfreestanding children's hospital.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of antibiotic courses reviewed by the ASP staff from December 1, 2014 to November 30, 2016. Poisson regression was used to detect associations between diagnoses, provider years in practice, and the probability of recommendation receipt and acceptance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/hpeds.2018-0254DOI Listing

Role of nasal swab culture in guiding antimicrobial therapy for acute cellulitis in the era of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A prospective study of 89 patients.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Institution of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Collage of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

In this prospective study of 89 patients with acute cellulitis, we showed nasal swab culture of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), taken at enrollment, has a high specificity of 95% in predicting MRSA cellulitis among the 24 patients whose cellulitis became purulent. However, the sensitivity is only 20%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2019.04.001DOI Listing

A modified intraocular lens design to reduce negative dysphotopsia.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

retired, Orange, California, USA.

Purpose: To use ray-tracing analysis and simulated retinal illumination profiles to design an intraocular lens (IOL) that prevents or reduces negative dysphotopsia after cataract surgery.

Setting: Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, and Simpson Optics LLC, Arlington, Texas, USA.

Design: Experimental study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08863350193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2019.01.019DOI Listing
April 2019
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Machine Learning Methods Applied to Predict Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia with Infection via Sensor Array of Electronic Nose in Intensive Care Unit.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Chungli 32003, Taiwan.

One concern to the patients is the off-line detection of pneumonia infection status after using the ventilator in the intensive care unit. Hence, machine learning methods for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rapid diagnose are proposed. A popular device, Cyranose 320 e-nose, is usually used in research on lung disease, which is a highly integrated system and sensor comprising 32 array using polymer and carbon black materials. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/8/1866
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081866DOI Listing
April 2019
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Real-Time Classification of Multivariate Olfaction Data Using Spiking Neural Networks.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Engineering, Edith Cowan University, Perth 6027, Australia.

Recent studies in bioinspired artificial olfaction, especially those detailing the application of spike-based neuromorphic methods, have led to promising developments towards overcoming the limitations of traditional approaches, such as complexity in handling multivariate data, computational and power requirements, poor accuracy, and substantial delay for processing and classification of odors. Rank-order-based olfactory systems provide an interesting approach for detection of target gases by encoding multi-variate data generated by artificial olfactory systems into temporal signatures. However, the utilization of traditional pattern-matching methods and unpredictable shuffling of spikes in the rank-order impedes the performance of the system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081841DOI Listing
April 2019
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Induction of innate cytokine responses by respiratory mucosal challenge with R848 in zebrafish, mice and humans.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, SW7 2AZ, UK. Electronic address:

We compared live zebrafish, mouse and human nasal challenge responses to the TLR7/8 agonist resiquimod (R848). We found remarkably similar induction of mediators in the three species, offering novel mucosal models of innate anti-viral immunity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Charcot-Leyden Crystal Concentration in Nasal Secretions Predicts Clinical Response to Glucocorticoids in Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing TongRen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China. Electronic address:

Charcot-Leyden Crystal concentration in nasal secretions may serve as a suitable non-invasive biomarker with predictive capability for response to GC therapy in CRSwNP patients, and possibly lead to better strategies for GC therapy in future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.03.029DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Caucasian Mediterranean patients seeking rhinoplasty - anthropometric measurements and prevalence of major deformities.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Portugal.

Objective: To describe the average values of the nasal anthropometric measurements of Caucasian Mediterranean patients seeking rhinoplasty and evaluate the major nasal deformities.

Design: Prospective, observational and cross-sectional study.

Setting: Centro Hospitalar do Porto. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13341DOI Listing

JAK3/STAT3 oncogenic pathway and PRDM1 expression stratify clinicopathologic features of extranodal NK/T‑cell lymphoma, nasal type.

Oncol Rep 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Pathology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, P.R. China.

The inactivation of tumor suppressor gene positive regulatory domain containing I (PRDM1) and activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) have been detected in the majority of extranodal NK/T‑cell lymphoma, nasal type (EN‑NK/T‑NT) cases. In the present study, their association with and effects on the clinicopathologic features of EN‑NK/T‑NT are described. PRDM1 was revealed to be expressed in 19 out of 58 patients (32. Read More

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http://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/or.2019.7112
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2019.7112DOI Listing
April 2019
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Predictors of reversible airway obstruction with omalizumab in severe asthma: a real-life study.

Ther Adv Respir Dis 2019 Jan-Dec;13:1753466619841274

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Corso Dogliotti 14 10126 Turin, Italy.

Background: Omalizumab may modulate airway remodeling in severe asthma. Using forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV) as a surrogate of airway remodeling, we aimed to investigate if an omalizumab add-on in severe allergic asthma may lead to a persistent reversal of airway obstruction and to evaluate the potential biomarkers of airway obstruction reversibility.

Methods: Data were collected before (T0) and after omalizumab add-on for 1 year (T1, 32 patients), 2 years (T2, 26 patients) and 4 years (T4, 13 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753466619841274DOI Listing

miR-143 inhibits proliferation and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells via targeting FMNL1 based on clinical and radiologic findings.

J Cell Biochem 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

CT/MRI Department, Xingtai People's Hospital, Hebei, China.

Mounting evidence has reported that microRNA-143 (miR-143) is involved in the development of multiple cancers. To investigate the underlying mechanisms of miR-143 regulating proliferation and metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells, we evaluated the levels of miR-143 and formin-like protein 1 (FMNL1) in NPC tissues. The results of qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed that the expression of miR-143 was decreased, while FMNL1 was increased in NPC tissues. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcb.28709
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.28709DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A New Neural Pathway from the Ventral Striatum to the Nucleus Basalis of Meynert with Functional Implication to Learning and Memory.

Mol Neurobiol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biomedical Science, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL, 33431, USA.

The cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) are among the first group of neurons known to become degenerated in Alzheimer's disease, and thus the NBM is proposed to be involved in learning and memory. The marginal division (MrD) of the striatum is a newly discovered subdivision at the ventromedial border of the mammalian striatum and is considered to be one part of the ventral striatum involved in learning and memory. The present study provided evidence to support the hypothesis that the MrD and the NBM were structurally connected at cellular and subcellular levels with functional implications in learning and memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-019-1588-0DOI Listing

Improved prognosis of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type of nasal origin but not extranasal origin.

Ann Hematol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.

Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL), nasal type (ENKL) that shows no apparent nasal involvement, is termed extranasal NKTCL or non-nasal NKTCL. In this study, we aimed to explore therapeutic approaches and outcomes in patients with extranasal NKTCL in current clinical practice. A data set of patients with newly diagnosed NKTCL who were diagnosed at 31 institutes in Japan between 2000 and 2013 was used for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-019-03689-9DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Modulation of Allergic Inflammation in the Nasal Mucosa of Allergic Rhinitis Sufferers With Topical Pharmaceutical Agents.

Front Pharmacol 2019 29;10:294. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, School of Medical Science, Griffith University, Southport, QLD, Australia.

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic upper respiratory disease estimated to affect between 10 and 40% of the worldwide population. The mechanisms underlying AR are highly complex and involve multiple immune cells, mediators, and cytokines. As such, the development of a single drug to treat allergic inflammation and/or symptoms is confounded by the complexity of the disease pathophysiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.00294DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455085PMC

Mutant RAMP2 causes primary open-angle glaucoma via the CRLR-cAMP axis.

Genet Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

The Key Laboratory for Human Disease Gene Study of Sichuan Province and Department of Laboratory Medicine, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Purpose: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide and mutations in known genes can only explain 5-6% of POAG. This study was conducted to identify novel POAG-causing genes and explore the pathogenesis of this disease.

Methods: Exome sequencing was performed in a Han Chinese cohort comprising 398 sporadic cases with POAG and 2010 controls, followed by replication studies by Sanger sequencing. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41436-019-0507-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-019-0507-0DOI Listing
April 2019
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Quantifying the Magnitude of Pharyngeal Obstruction During Sleep Using Airflow Shape.

Eur Respir J 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Department of Medicine, Brigham & Women's Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Rationale: Non-invasive quantification of the severity of pharyngeal airflow obstruction would enable recognition of obstructive central manifestation of sleep apnoea, and identification of symptomatic individuals with severe airflow obstruction despite a low apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI).

Objectives: Here we provide a novel method that uses simple airflow--time ("shape") features from individual breaths on an overnight sleep study to automatically and non-invasively quantify the of airflow obstruction without oesophageal catheterisation.

Methods: 41 individuals with suspected/diagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea (AHI range=0-91 events·hr) underwent overnight polysomnography with gold-standard measures of airflow (oronasal pneumotach, ) and ventilatory drive (calibrated intraoesophageal diaphragm EMG, ). Read More

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http://erj.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/10.1183/13993003.02262
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.02262-2018DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Black Turbinate Sign, A Potential Diagnostic Pitfall: Evaluation of the Normal Enhancement Patterns of the Nasal Turbinates.

Authors:
Q Han E J Escott

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Radiology and Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (E.J.E.), University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Background And Purpose: Lack of enhancement of a nasal turbinate on MR imaging, known as the black turbinate, has been reported as a finding highly suggestive of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis in immunocompromised patients. Our purpose was to investigate the normal enhancement pattern of nasal turbinates and to determine whether a black turbinate occurs in patients without invasive fungal rhinosinusitis and, if so, to distinguish differentiating features from pathologic enhancement.

Materials And Methods: We examined patient medical records and available MR imaging, which included most nasal turbinates in more than 1 sequence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A6037DOI Listing

Upper Airway Video Endoscopy: Assessment of the response to positive pressure ventilation and mechanical in-exsufflation.

Pulmonology 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Upper airways (UA) include the nasal cavities, pharynx, and larynx, and its main function is to warm and filter the inspired air. UA dysfunction is in the pathogenesis of various disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and vocal cord dysfunction. In addition, in some neurodegenerative diseases (e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S25310437193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pulmoe.2019.02.008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Lidocaine and phenylephrine versus saline placebo nasal spray for the pain and distress of nasogastric tube insertion in young children and infants: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Paediatric Emergency Department, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Nasogastric tube insertion is a common but distressing procedure in young children. We aimed to compare the efficacy of topical local anaesthetic and vasoconstrictor nasal spray with placebo for distress related to nasogastric tube insertion.

Methods: We did a prospective, randomised, controlled, double-blind, superiority trial in a single tertiary paediatric emergency department in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30058-6DOI Listing

Characterization of ester odorants of apple juice by gas chromatography-olfactometry, quantitative measurements, odour threshold, aroma intensity and electronic nose.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 13;120:92-101. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Perfume and Aroma Technology, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, PR China.

In this study, twenty ester compounds of juiced apples from three different varieties were identified and quantified by gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Six esters were selected as the key odour-active compounds by omission Tests. Perceptual interaction among esters was investigated through odour thresholds and intensity of six esters and fifteen binary mixtures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.01.064DOI Listing

Where Do We Look? Assessing Gaze Patterns in Cosmetic Facelift Surgery with Eye Tracking Technology.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto Stanford School of Medicine, Palo Alto Stanford School of Medicine, Palo Alto Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University, Palo Alto.

Purpose: Aesthetics plays a central role in determining success in plastic surgery. Understanding perceptions of favorable aesthetics is critical to ensure patient satisfaction. Eye-tracking technology offers an objective way to evaluate attention and understand how viewers direct their focus in patients who undergo cosmetic facelift procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005700DOI Listing

String Fat/Dermis Graft for Correction of Wrinkles and Scars.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

Established creases and wrinkles do not predictably respond to the fat injection technique. We describe a minimally invasive, yet simple technique to address recalcitrant facial rhytids and minor depressed scars. This technique optimally requires a concomitant procedure whereby suitable fat or dermis graft could be available for grafting without having to make another incision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005713DOI Listing

Surgical Treatment Strategy for Severe Rhinophyma With Bilateral Pedicled Nasolabial Flaps.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, People's Republic of China.

Background: Rhinophyma is a rare disease characterized by chronic inflammation and hypertrophy of sebaceous glands, blood vessels, and fibrous tissue, associated with end-stage severe acne rosacea. There are multiple approaches to treatment and repair, including dermal shaving, secondary intention healing, free skin graft, and skin flaps. However, these methods have various disadvantages, such as prolonged healing, obvious scarring, and skin texture mismatch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005524DOI Listing

Antibiotic resistance pattern and spa types of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from food business and hospital kitchen employees in Çanakkale, Turkey

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Apr 18;49(2):675-682. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic resistance profiles and spa types of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from food business employees in Çanakkale, Turkey.

Materials And Methods: S.aureus isolates were collected from hand and nasal swabs of 300 individuals working in 17 food businesses and 9 hospital kitchens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1712-207DOI Listing

Different doses, durations and modes of delivery of nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Apr 18;4:CD013308. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK, OX2 6GG.

Background: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) aims to replace nicotine from cigarettes to ease the transition from cigarette smoking to abstinence. It works by reducing the intensity of craving and withdrawal symptoms. Although there is clear evidence that NRT used after smoking cessation is effective, it is unclear whether higher doses, longer durations of treatment, or using NRT before cessation add to its effectiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD013308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6470854PMC

Large Fibroepithelial Polyp of the Palatine Tonsil.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 18:145561319841203. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology with Maxillofacial Surgery, Clinical Hospital Center "Zemun", Zemun, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319841203DOI Listing

Intravascular Migration of a Metallic Foreign Body After a Penetrating Neck Injury.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 18:145561319841204. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319841204DOI Listing

Dermatofibroma of the External Auditory Canal.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 18:145561319843071. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319843071DOI Listing

Effect of Acacia Honey on Transforming Growth Factor-Beta-1-Induced Myofibroblast Differentiation and Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Production in Nasal Polyp Fibroblasts.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Apr 18:1945892419843702. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, South Korea.

Background: Acacia honey is known to have antioxidant, immune-modulatory, and antiproliferative properties. Nasal fibroblasts participate in local immune responses that control the recruitment of inflammatory cells and the production of extracellular matrix.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of acacia honey on myofibroblast differentiation and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) production in nasal polyp fibroblasts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419843702DOI Listing
April 2019
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Prevalence of atopy and allergic rhinitis in patients with adult non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Apr 18;49(2):551-557. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Background/aim: Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (non-CF BR) is common in developing countries.Limited data are available regarding the impact of atopy, and no data are available regarding allergic rhinitis in patients with adult bronchiectasis.The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of atopy and allergic rhinitis in the clinical conditions of patients with BR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1807-229DOI Listing
April 2019
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Carbon dioxide diffusion coefficient in noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Neonatology, Center for Pediatrics, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Objectives: The carbon dioxide (CO ) diffusion coefficient (DCO ) reflects CO removal during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). We hypothesized that despite leak flow during noninvasive HFOV (nHFOV) DCO continues to indicate ventilation efficacy.

Methods: A neonatal airway model including CO production and an adjustable oropharyngeal leak was connected to a ventilator via bi-nasal prongs. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ppul.24333
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24333DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Detection of enzootic nasal tumor virus (ENTV) in a sheep flock in southern Brazil.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Enzootic nasal tumor (ENT) is a contagious neoplasm associated with enzootic nasal tumor virus (ENTV), which may induce disease in sheep (ENTV-1) and goats (ENTV-2). This study aimed to describe the occurrence of ENT in two Texel sheep (Ovis aries) from a 75-sheep flock, located in the city of Gravataí, southern Brazil. Animals used to be purchased from different origins, and no specific tests for disease monitoring or quarantine procedure were performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11250-019-01897-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01897-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Exposure to BTEX in beauty salons: biomonitoring, urinary excretion, clinical symptoms, and health risk assessments.

Environ Monit Assess 2019 Apr 17;191(5):286. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) concentrations were measured in beauty salons (BS) and in the urine of the beauty practitioners and a control group. Indoor and outdoor concentrations of BTEX were measured in 36 randomly selected salons. Before- and after-shift urinary BTEX were measured from one female non-smoker employee in each salon, and repeated three times. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7455-7DOI Listing

Electrophysiologic evaluation of facial nerve functions after oxaliplatin treatment.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Audiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: This study analyzes the effect of oxaliplatin treatment on the facial nerve. The facial nerve is the most commonly paralyzed cranial motor nerve because it advances through a long, curved bone canal. Electroneurography and blink reflex are the electrophysiological measurements used for evaluating facial nerve function. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00280-019-03841-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-019-03841-2DOI Listing
April 2019
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Mediastinal emphysema after long-distance flight with ketoacidosis and underlying diabetes mellitus type 1.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Jul 5;7(5):e00423. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Radiology Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin Berlin Germany.

A 21-year old female with diabetes mellitus type 1 presented to our hospital's emergency department having suffered from shortness of breath, mild chest pain, and vomiting following her arrival after a long-distance flight two days earlier. Symptoms had since subsided and physical examination was normal. Blood analysis revealed increased D-dimers and diabetic ketoacidosis. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/rcr2.423
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451023PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Sebaceous Carcinoma of the Nose: A Rare Presentation of an Uncommon Tumor.

Eplasty 2019 27;19:ic11. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Dermatology, Largo Medical Center, Nova Southeastern University, Largo, Fla.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448217PMC
March 2019
1 Read