195,069 results match your criteria Nasal Fracture Imagings


Characterization of a mutation in the zona pellucida module of Endoglin that causes hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

Gene 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Molecular Medicine Department, General Biology and Medical Genetics Unit, University of Pavia, Via Forlanini 14, 27100 Pavia, Italy. Electronic address:

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a vascular rare disease characterized by nose and gastrointestinal bleeding, skin and mucosa telangiectasias, and arteriovenous malformations in internal organs. HHT shows an autosomal dominant inheritance and a worldwide prevalence of approximately 1:5000 individuals. In >80% of patients, HHT is caused by mutations in either ENG (HHT1) or ACVRL1 (HHT2) genes, which code for the membrane proteins Endoglin and Activin A Receptor Type II-Like Kinase 1 (ALK1), respectively, both belonging to the TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03781119193012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Broad Immunglobulin G Repertoire in Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps regulates pro-inflammatory IgE responses.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Upper Airways Research Laboratory, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Division of ENT Diseases, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is often characterized by local production of polyclonal IgE-idiotypes. Whilst tissue IgE concentrations can be in the range of several thousand kU/L, the regulatory mechanisms by which IgE-mediated inflammation is controlled in the nasal polyps is not well understood.

Objective: We sought to determine whether locally induced IgG antibodies in the nasal polyps can inhibit IgE-mediated pro-allergic response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence and characteristics of acute respiratory virus infections in pediatric cancer patients.

J Med Virol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology and Microbiology.

Background: Pediatric cancer patients have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality due to respiratory viral infections than do other patient populations.

Objectives: To investigate the causative viruses of respiratory infections and their burden among pediatric cancer patients in Lebanon.

Study Design: Nasopharyngeal swabs along with clinical and demographic data were collected from pediatric cancer patients presenting febrile episodes with upper respiratory tract symptoms. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jmv.25432
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25432DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Assessment of Ideal Dimensions of the Ears, Nose, and Lip in the Circles of Prominence Theory on Facial Beauty.

Authors:
Philip Young

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Aesthetic Facial Plastic Surgery, Bellevue, Washington.

Importance: A theory on facial beauty might allow clinicians to achieve better results.

Objectives: To find the ideal vertical position of the ears, total lip length, lip pucker length, distance between the irises, and starting point for the nasal radix.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this subjective survey, 11 sets of 43 total digitally adjusted pictures (DAPs) and line drawings of actual faces were ranked based on attractiveness by 419 clients at a facial plastic surgery clinic. Read More

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http://archfaci.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2018.1797DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Impact of exposure to diesel exhaust during pregnancy on mammary gland development and milk composition in the rabbit.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0212132. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

UMR GABI, INRA, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, Jouy-en-Josas, France.

Exposure to fine-particulate air pollution is a major global health concern because it is associated with reduced birth weight and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Here we have investigated the potential for exposure to diesel exhaust during pregnancy to influence mammary gland development and milk composition. Female rabbits were therefore exposed by nose-only inhalation to either diluted diesel exhaust fumes (1 mg/m3) or clean air for 2h/day, 5 days/week, from the 3rd to the 27th days of pregnancy. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212132PLOS
February 2019

Decolonization to Reduce Postdischarge Infection Risk among MRSA Carriers.

N Engl J Med 2019 Feb;380(7):638-650

From the Division of Infectious Diseases (S.S. Huang, R.S., S.P., D.K., S.R., T.T., C. Cao, S.S. Hong, J.L., E.C., J.C., J.H.), the Health Policy Research Institute (S.S. Huang), and the Department of Medicine (A.A.), University of California Irvine School of Medicine, and the Institute for Clinical and Translational Science (A.G.) and the Department of Statistics (D.L.G.), University of California Irvine, Irvine, the Infectious Disease Clinical Outcomes Research Unit, Division of Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance (J.A.M., S.J.E., R.M.-G., M.A.B., L.G.M.), the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange (K.E., E.P.), Ventura County Medical Center, Ventura (G.S.), the Division of Infectious Disease, Hoag Hospital, Newport Beach (P.R.), the Division of Infectious Disease, St. Mary Medical Center (C. Choi), and MemorialCare Health System (J.D.L.), Long Beach, and the Division of Infectious Disease, Mission Hospital, Mission Viejo (C.C.B.) - all in California; the Institute of Healthcare Improvement, Cambridge (D.G.), and the Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston (R.P.) - both in Massachusetts; the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (J.A.J.); Texas A&M Health Science Center, Houston (E.S.); and Cook County Health and Hospitals System (R.A.W.) and the Division of Infectious Diseases, Rush University Medical Center (R.A.W., M.K.H.), Chicago.

Background: Hospitalized patients who are colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are at high risk for infection after discharge.

Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of postdischarge hygiene education, as compared with education plus decolonization, in patients colonized with MRSA (carriers). Decolonization involved chlorhexidine mouthwash, baths or showers with chlorhexidine, and nasal mupirocin for 5 days twice per month for 6 months. Read More

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http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa1716771
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1716771DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reconstruction of defects of the proximal nasal sidewall using the procerus perforator flap.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2019 Feb;17(2):210-213

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Mannheim University Medical Center, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddg.13752DOI Listing
February 2019

Decreased ciliary beat responsiveness to acetylcholine in the nasal polyp epithelium.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Objective: We investigated the difference in ciliary beat responsiveness to acetylcholine in ex vivo and the difference in the expressions of associated molecules (M1/M3 muscarinic receptors, pannexin-1 and P2X7 purinergic receptor) between the nasal polyp and turbinate mucosa.

Study Design: Laboratorial study.

Participants: Nasal polyp and inferior turbinate were collected from patients with hypertrophic rhinitis and/or nasal polyp during endoscopic sinonasal surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13312DOI Listing
February 2019

Local recurrence of sinonasal renal cell-like adenocarcinoma: A CARE compliant case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(7):e14533

Department of Pathology.

Rationale: Sinonasal renal cell-like adenocarcinoma (SNRCLA) is a very rare sino-nasal carcinoma. Because SNRCLA has the same morphological features as other clear cell carcinomas, and some of them also occurred in sinonasal part, it is necessary to differentiate SNRCLA from these tumors.

Patient Concerns: A 42-year-old man presented with complaints of epistaxis for 1 day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014533DOI Listing
February 2019

ACUTE MACULAR AND PERIPAPILLARY ANGIOGRAPHIC CHANGES WITH INTRAVITREAL INJECTIONS.

Retina 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Purpose: Intravitreal injections acutely and temporarily increase intraocular pressure (IOP), and this may have cumulative long-term effects including an increased risk for glaucoma surgery. This study was designed to measure retinal perfusion density changes on optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography and OCT thickness alterations associated with acutely increased IOP after intravitreal injections.

Methods: Retrospective observational clinical study of 40 eyes (39 patients) with various retinopathies from October 2016 to June 2017 at a tertiary care retina clinic in NYC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000002433DOI Listing
February 2019

A Distinct Geographic Variant of sasX in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST239 and ST368 Lineage from South India.

Microb Drug Resist 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 Department of Clinical Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Staphylococcal surface protein sasX is a colonization mediating virulence factor in ST239 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains, which potentially contribute to its successful establishment. We aimed to study the presence and dissemination of sasX in clinical MRSA isolates and among MRSA carriers. A total of 450 nonduplicate clinical MRSA isolates recovered from blood cultures between 2013 and 2017 were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2018.0292DOI Listing
February 2019

Paper patching for patulous eustachian tube.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 14:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

a Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Division of Medical Science , Eulji University Hospital, Chungnam National University , Daejeon , Korea.

Background: Paper patching, a method that places cigarette paper over the most mobile quadrants of the tympanic membrane, is one of the treatment options for patulous eustachian tube (PET).

Aims/objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of two different treatment strategies for PET.

Material And Methods: Twenty-three patients underwent paper patching of the tympanic membrane and 16 patients were treated with nasal saline irrigation with or without ipratropium bromide nasal spray. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1541505DOI Listing
February 2019
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Proof of Concept: Very Rapid Tidal Breathing Nasal Nitric Oxide Sampling Discriminates Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia from Healthy Subjects.

Lung 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Danish PCD & chILD Centre, CF Centre Copenhagen, Paediatric Pulmonary Service, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Introduction: Nasal nitric oxide (nNO) is extremely low in individuals with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) and is recommended as part of early workup. We investigated whether tidal breathing sampling for a few seconds was as discriminative between PCD and healthy controls (HC) as conventional tidal breathing sampling (cTB-nNO) for 20-30 s.

Methods: We performed very rapid sampling of tidal breathing (vrTB-nNO) for 2, 4 and 6 s, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00408-019-00202-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Immune response development after vaccination of 1-day-old naïve pigs with a Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome 1-based modified live virus vaccine.

Porcine Health Manag 2019 2;5. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

2Zoetis Inc, 333 Portage St, Kalamazoo, MI 49007 USA.

Background: The development of the innate and adaptive immune responses to (PRRSV) after vaccination of 1 day-old pigs with a PRRSV-1 based modified live virus (MLV) vaccine by intramuscular (IM) and intranasal (IN) routes was characterised, before and after challenge with a heterologous PRRSV-1 isolate at 18 weeks post-vaccination. Twenty-five PRRSV-seronegative piglets were used. At 1 day of age, pigs were administered with a single dose of vaccine via the IM ( = 10) or the IN route ( = 10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40813-018-0112-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359793PMC
February 2019

Persistence and Diffusion of C-Positive CC130 MRSA Isolates in Dairy Farms in Meurthe-et-Moselle County (France).

Front Microbiol 2019 30;10:47. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Pathogénie des Infections à Staphylocoque, Centre International de Recherche en Infectiologie, Lyon, France.

Methicillin resistance in (MRSA) is classically conferred by the acquisition of the A gene encoding an additional penicillin binding protein with low affinity for beta-lactams. A A variant, named C, was described in 2011. MRSA isolates harboring C of both animal and human origin have since been collected in different European countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363682PMC
January 2019

A randomised controlled trial of nasal decongestant to treat obstructive sleep apnoea in people with cervical spinal cord injury.

Spinal Cord 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Institute of Breathing and Sleep (IBAS), Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Study Design: Prospective, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial of nasal decongestion in tetraplegia.

Objectives: Tetraplegia is complicated by severe, predominantly obstructive, sleep apnoea. First-line therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea is nasal continuous positive airway pressure, but this is poorly tolerated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-019-0256-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Human Blood and Tonsil Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells Display Similar Gene Expression Profiles but Exhibit Differential Type I IFN Responses to Influenza A Virus Infection.

J Immunol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Immunology and Allergy, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, 171 64 Stockholm, Sweden;

Influenza A virus (IAV) infection constitutes an annual health burden across the globe. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) are central in antiviral defense because of their superior capacity to produce type I IFNs in response to viruses. Dendritic cells (DCs) differ depending on their anatomical location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1801191DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of intra-urban temperature variation on tree flowering phenology, airborne pollen, and measurement error in epidemiological studies of allergenic pollen.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 5;653:1213-1222. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

School of Public Health, University of Michigan- Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Temperature gradients in cities can cause inter-neighborhood differences in the timing of pollen release. However, most epidemiological studies examining allergenic pollen utilize daily measurements from a single pollen monitoring station with the implicit assumption that the measured time series of airborne pollen concentrations applies across the study areas, and that the temporal mismatch between concentrations at the counting station and elsewhere in the study area is negligible. This assumption is tested by quantifying temperature using satellite imagery, observing flowering times of oak (Quercus) and mulberry (Morus) trees at multiple sites, and collecting airborne pollen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.020DOI Listing
February 2019

Case of Excision of Left Superior Maxillary and Molar Bones and One-Half of the Nose.

Authors:
M Metivier

Am J Dent Sci 1874 Apr;7(12):566-567

HOLYOKE, MASS.

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Nasal Skin Necrosis: A Very Rare Manifestation of Antiphospholipid Syndrome.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2017 27;4(2):000534. Epub 2017 Mar 27.

Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Oporto, Portugal.

A 23-year-old woman, a smoker and oral oestrogen user, presented with nasal necrosis. No other symptoms or local trauma were described. Relevant laboratory findings included complement consumption, positive lupus-anticoagulant assay, increased rheumatoid factor and positive cryoglobulins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2016_000534DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346896PMC

Surgical treatment of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas.

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2007 Mar;2(2):251-259

c University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Department of Neurosurgery, Erlangen, Germany.

Small nonfunctioning pituitary (micro)adenomas are encountered frequently as incidental findings. Large (macro)adenomas present with visual compromise, hypopituitarism or headache. Indications for surgery include loss of vision, diplopia, other symptoms of a space occupying intracranial lesion and documented tumor progression during serial imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/17446651.2.2.251DOI Listing

Modes of application of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists for endometriosis treatment.

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2006 Nov;1(6):709-714

c Zentrum für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie and Reproduktionsmedizin, Kinderwunschzentrum, Langenhagen, Germany.

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists have gained extensive clinical use, ranging from reproduction to oncology. There are many clinically available GnRH agonists and these can be used via various methods of delivery, ranging from nasal application to daily subcutaneous injection and various forms of depot preparations. The depot preparations are available as once-monthly intramuscular or subcutaneous injections or 3-month depot moieties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/17446651.1.6.709DOI Listing
November 2006

Reduced Gene Expression of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator-1α in Whole Blood in Euthyroid Patients One Year After Hemithyroidectomy for Benign Euthyroid Goiter.

Horm Metab Res 2019 Feb 13;51(2):127-133. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Production, Research, and Innovation, Region Zealand, Sorø, Denmark.

We have previously reported decreased thyroid function within the laboratory reference range and changes in mitochondrial function after hemithyroidectomy. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and coactivator-1β (PGC-1β) are key regulators of mitochondrial biogenesis and function. The aim was to examine the influence of hemithyroidectomy on the longitudinal change in mRNA expression of these genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0822-3066DOI Listing
February 2019

Replacement of the Nasal Dorsum with a Diced Cartilage Glue Graft.

Authors:
Abel-Jan Tasman

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Feb 13;35(1):53-57. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

ENT, Facial Plastic Surgery, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

The reconstruction of the nasal dorsum after a hump resection is challenging if narrowing of the nose is to be avoided, the nasal skin is very thin, and the nasal bones are short. This report describes the replacement of the bony and cartilaginous nasal dorsum after resection with an anatomically shaped dorsal replacement graft of diced cartilage in fibrin glue. The technique is illustrated with a clinical case and sonographic morphometry of the nasal dorsum and tip. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677802DOI Listing
February 2019

Current Practical Concepts for Using Rib in Secondary Rhinoplasty.

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Feb 13;35(1):31-46. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Private Practice, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Rhinoplasty is universally considered as the most demanding procedure in facial plastic surgery. Secondary rhinoplasty is its crown jewel, even more complex, and likewise highly fascinating. The evolution of thought and practice in rhinoplasty in the last decades has been quick and steady, progressively acknowledging the importance of maintaining structure in primary rhinoplasty and rebuilding structure in secondary procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677801DOI Listing
February 2019

Bony Fixation of the Nasal Framework.

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Feb 13;35(1):23-30. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Clinic for Facial Plastic Surgery, Marienhospital Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.

The importance of a straight and stable central framework is beyond dispute. Many authors allude to technical aspects how to achieve the above-mentioned requirements. Far less is said about the contact zones of the framework and how to achieve a long-lasting and solid fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677767DOI Listing
February 2019

Nasal Valve Lift in Nasal Valve Stenosis-A 2 Years Clinical Trial.

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Feb 13;35(1):14-22. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Facial Plastic Surgery, Klinikum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany.

A clinical study was conducted to determine the effect of nasal valve lift treatment using absorbable, polylactic acid, self-retaining cone threads (Silhouette Soft) in patients with nasal valve stenosis. Sixty patients ( = 60) were included in this prospective study which was performed from January 2015 until December 2018, 19 patients dropped out due to noncompliance. Initially, participants were divided into two equal groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677854DOI Listing
February 2019

The Healthy Nasal Cavity-Characteristics of Morphology and Related Airflow Based on a Statistical Shape Model Viewed from a Surgeon's Perspective.

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Feb 13;35(1):9-13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Labor für Biofluidmechanik, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Functional surgery on the nasal framework requires referential criteria to objectively assess nasal breathing for indication and follow-up. This motivated us to generate a mean geometry of the nasal cavity based on a statistical shape model. In this study, the authors could demonstrate that the introduced nasal cavity's mean geometry features characteristics of the inner shape and airflow, which are commonly observed in symptom-free subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677721DOI Listing
February 2019

Digital Analysis of Nasal Airflow Facilitating Decision Support in Rhinosurgery.

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Feb 13;35(1):3-8. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Biofluid Mechanics Lab, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Successful functional surgery on the nasal framework requires reliable and comprehensive diagnosis. In this regard, the authors introduce a new methodology: Digital Analysis of Nasal Airflow (diANA). It is based on computational fluid dynamics, a statistical shape model of the healthy nasal cavity and rhinologic expertise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677720DOI Listing
February 2019

Patterns in Google Trends Terms Reporting Rhinitis and Ragweed Pollen Season in Ukraine.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2019 Feb 13:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

University Hospital, Montpellier, France.

Background: Google Trends (GT) may represent a new approach to assessing pollen allergy. However, the development of a pan-European sentinel network has raised a problem of translating terms in different languages. A precise definition of the pollen season onset is crucial for the confirmation of a pollen allergy diagnosis and personalized treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495306DOI Listing
February 2019

Abnormal visuo-vestibular interactions in vestibular migraine: a cross sectional study.

Brain 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Academic Department of Neuro-Otology, Division of Brain Sciences, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, Fulham Palace Road, London, UK.

Vestibular migraine is among the commonest causes of episodic vertigo. Chronically, patients with vestibular migraine develop abnormal responsiveness to both vestibular and visual stimuli characterized by heightened self-motion sensitivity and visually-induced dizziness. Yet, the neural mechanisms mediating such symptoms remain unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awy355DOI Listing
February 2019
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Protective effects of α-lipoic acid on cultured human nasal fibroblasts exposed to urban particulate matter.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Exposure to urban particulate matter (UPM) has been studied as a cause of various health problems. Although the association between UPM and the respiratory tract has been well studied, further research is required to characterize the effects of UPM on the upper respiratory tract. We investigated the effects of UPM-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production on cultured human nasal fibroblasts, as well as the protective effects of α-lipoic acid (ALA) on ROS production and the underlying signaling pathways involved in ROS inhibition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22296DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effect of Different Environmental Conditions on the Viability of Naegleria fowleri Amoebae.

J Eukaryot Microbiol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23219, Virginia, USA.

Naegleria fowleri, a free-living amoeba found in soil and freshwater environments, is the causative agent of Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis. Infection occurs when amoebae enter the nasal cavity, attach to the nasal mucosa and travel along olfactory neurons towards the olfactory bulb. Upon reaching the central nervous system, the amoebae replicate very rapidly and can cause death in 3 to 10 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12719DOI Listing
February 2019

[High expression and immunogenicity analysis of HA globular head domain of H5 subtype avian influenza virus produced in Pichia pastoris].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2019 Jan;35(1):49-58

Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.

To evaluate the immunogenicity of HA globular head domain of H5 subtype influenza virus (H5HA), the gene of H5HA was optimized and the recombinant pPICZaA-H5HA expressing vector was constructed and transfected into Pichia pastoris. The expression of the recombinant H5HA was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting and the results demonstrated that the recombinant H5HA (37 kDa) was highly expressed in Pichia pastoris with concentration of 0.2 mg/mL in medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13345/j.cjb.180142DOI Listing
January 2019

American Thyroid Association guidelines for the management of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Jan;89(1-2)

Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.14919DOI Listing
January 2019

Transnasal stent-assisted targeting technique for percutaneous jejunostomy placement in patients with hiatal hernias.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of California Los Angeles, 757 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Purpose: To report the transnasal stent-assisted targeting technique for percutaneous jejunostomy placement in patients with hiatal hernias.

Materials And Methods: Four patients, including three (75%) females and one (25%) male, with mean age of 77.5 years (range 73-78 years), and with a hiatal hernia and intrathoracic stomach precluding gastrostomy placement and loop snare placement into the mid-jejunum underwent the transnasal stent-assisted targeting technique for percutaneous jejunostomy placement. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00261-019-01905-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01905-8DOI Listing
February 2019
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Tidal volume transmission during non-synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation via RAM cannula.

J Perinatol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.

Background: Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is a widely used mode of support in neonates, during which ventilator inflations may or may not coincide with spontaneous breathing.

Objective: We tested the hypothesis that inflations delivered with NIPPV via RAM cannula and not accompanied by patient effort produce minimal tidal volume as measured by respiratory inductance plethysmography.

Design/methods: Fourteen subjects were monitored while receiving NIPPV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41372-019-0333-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Choroid thickness profile in patients with lupus nephritis.

Lupus 2019 Feb 12:961203319828525. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

Background: Choroidopathy is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This entity is associated with active phases of severe SLE and it is frequently accompanied by acute kidney failure, central nervous system involvement and coagulopathy.

Purpose: To evaluate the choroid thickness of patients with lupus nephritis (LN) without choroidopathy, and to compare this with that of age-matched SLE patients without LN and healthy control subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0961203319828525DOI Listing
February 2019

What We Do: Greater Palatine Medializing Foraminal Osteotomy for Repair of the Wide Cleft Palate.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2019 Feb 12:1055665619829386. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Wide cleft palates (>15-mm gap) present a number of challenges to the surgeon tasked with their repair ( Bardach, 1999 ). Eliminating the need for secondary surgery due to fistula formation can reduce additional anesthetic and scarring risks and optimize early speech development. Greater palatine foraminal osteotomy is a useful surgical adjunct that allows additional medial movement of oral mucoperiosteal flaps to aid in tension-free closure of the oral layer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1055665619829386DOI Listing
February 2019

A Radiological Study Assessing the Prevalence of Frontal Recess Cells and the Most Common Frontal Sinus Drainage Pathways.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Feb 13:1945892419826228. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

3 Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Adelaide University, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: To date, there are numerous studies documenting the prevalence of frontal recess cells, but only 1 study using the newly developed International Frontal Sinus Anatomical Classification (IFAC) system. The identification of the frontal cells and their influence on the frontal drainage pathway plays an important role in endoscopic frontal sinus surgery.

Objective: The aim of this study is to document the radiological prevalence of various types of frontal cells, as classified by IFAC and the most common frontal sinus drainage pathways based on its anatomic relationships with these cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892419826228DOI Listing
February 2019

Sensors for Lung Cancer Diagnosis.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 11;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Roma, Italy.

The positive outcome of lung cancer treatment is strongly related to the earliness of the diagnosis. Thus, there is a strong requirement for technologies that could provide an early detection of cancer. The concept of early diagnosis is immediately extended to large population screening, and then, it is strongly related to non-invasiveness and low cost. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/8/2/235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020235DOI Listing
February 2019
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Regulation of Interaction between the Upper and Lower Airways in United Airway Disease.

Med Sci (Basel) 2019 Feb 11;7(2). Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, 573-1010, Japan.

The concept of united airway disease comprises allergic rhinitis (AR) with asthma, and eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) with asthma. It embodies a comprehensive approach to the treatment of upper and lower airway inflammation. The treatment of upper airway inflammation reduces asthma symptoms and decreases the dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) necessary to treat asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medsci7020027DOI Listing
February 2019

Polypus of the Nose and Ear.

Authors:
J Robinson

Am J Dent Sci 1847 Jun;7(4):388-389

European Correspondent.

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A Description of an Artificial Palate, Velum, Uvula, Septum of the Nose, Alveolar Process and Artificial Tooth.

Authors:
Joseph Linderer

Am J Dent Sci 1852 Jan;2(2):258-264

Dentist, Berlin, Prussia.

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January 1852

Nasal Polypus.

Authors:

Am J Dent Sci 1851 Jan;1(2):221

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January 1851

Calculi of the Nasal Fossæ.

Authors:
M Demarquay

Am J Dent Sci 1846 Mar;6(3):254-255

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Case of Artificial Nose and Palate.

Authors:
W E Ide

Am J Dent Sci 1850 Apr;10(3):165-169

Columbus, Ohio.

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Fracture of the Nasal Bones.

Authors:

Am J Dent Sci 1848 Jul;8(4):383-392

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A Case of Rhinolith and Two Cases of a Tooth in the Nose.

Authors:
Jonathan Wright

Am J Dent Sci 1889 Oct;23(6):241-246

Brooklyn, N. Y.

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October 1889