4,128 results match your criteria Nasal Fracture


Complications reported with the use of orthodontic miniscrews: A systematic review.

Korean J Orthod 2021 May;51(3):199-216

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, Section of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Messina, Policlinico Universitario G. Martino, Messina, Italy.

Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the complications and side effects associated with the clinical use of orthodontic miniscrews by systematically reviewing the best available evidence.

Methods: A survey of articles published up to March 2020 investigating the complications associated with miniscrew insertion, in both the maxilla and mandible, was performed using 7 electronic databases. Clinical studies, case reports, and case series reporting complications associated with the use of orthodontic miniscrew implants were included. Read More

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Injuries in mothers hospitalised for domestic violence-related assault: a whole-population linked data study.

BMJ Open 2021 May 11;11(5):e040600. Epub 2021 May 11.

School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To retrospectively assess a cohort of mothers for characteristics of injuries that they have suffered as a result of family and domestic violence (FDV) and which have required admission to a hospital during both the intrapartum and postpartum periods.

Design And Setting: Retrospective, whole-population linked data study of FDV in Western Australia using the Western Australia birth registry from 1990 to 2009 and Hospital Morbidity Data System records from 1970 to 2013.

Main Outcome Measures: Number of hospitalisations, and mode, location and type of injuries recorded, with particular focus on the head and neck area. Read More

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E-Cigarette Burns and Explosions: What are the Patterns of Oromaxillofacial Injury?

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

William Beaumont Hospital - Royal Oak, Department of Otolaryngology, Royal Oak, MI.

Purpose: With the recent increase in popularity of electronic cigarette use in the United States, its harmful effects are not only limited to smoke inhalation, but also to the possibility of e-cigarette device malfunction. The purpose of this review is to characterize oromaxillofacial trauma secondary to electronic cigarette device explosion.

Methods: For this systematic review, PubMed and Embase were searched in October 2019 using the following search terms: e-cigarette burns, e-cigarette injury, and e-cigarette explosions, which yielded 400 studies. Read More

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Comparison of postoperative outcomes between early and delayed surgery for pediatric nasal fractures.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2021 Apr 20;22(2):93-98. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Daegu Catholic University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Background: Pediatric nasal fractures, unlike adult nasal fractures, are treated surgically as early as 7 days after the initial trauma. However, in some cases, a week or more elapses before surgery, and few studies have investigated the consequences of delayed surgery for pediatric nasal fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postoperative outcomes of pediatric nasal fractures according to the time interval between the initial trauma and surgery. Read More

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Facial Injuries Due to Cycling are Prevalent: Improved Helmet Design Offering Facial Protection is Recommended.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Attending Surgeon, Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, Regions Hospital, Saint Paul, MN.

Purpose: Safety equipment for recreational cycling is commonly designed to protect the calvarium, but not the face, in the event of a crash. The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence of facial injuries and their most common subcategories due to cycling injuries and to serve as an anatomical guide of what facial structures most need protection.

Methods: We report a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients reported to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2019. Read More

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Simultaneous Use of Bioabsorbable and Nonbioabsorbable Packing Materials During Closed Reduction of a Nasal Bone Fractures.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Chungju, South Korea.

Abstract: The nasal packing material after closed reduction of nasal bone fracture may be bioabsorbable or nonbioabsorbable. To investigate the usefulness of the packing method using bioabsorbable and nonbioabsorbable materials simultaneously, a chart review was retrospectively performed involving 255 patients. Group A (n = 119), Nasopore (bioabsorbable) was cut appropriately and packed, and subsequently, supportive packing with Merocel (nonbioabsorbable) was performed. Read More

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Elevated APOBEC mutational signatures implicate chronic injury in etiology of an aggressive head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 30;15(1):252. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94115, USA.

Background: Aggressive squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) present frequently in the context of chronic skin injury occurring in patients with the congenital blistering disease recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Recently, these cancers were shown to harbor mutation signatures associated with endogenous deaminases of the active polynucleotide cytosine deaminase family, collectively termed APOBEC, and clock-like COSMIC [Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer] signatures, which are associated with normal aging and might result from cumulative DNA replication errors. We present a case of a nasal septal SCC arising in the context of recurrent injury, but also modest past tobacco use. Read More

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Very Late Presentation of Csf Rhinorrhea after 45 Years of Head Trauma: A Case Report.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Mar;33(115):103-106

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ram Lal Eye and ENT Hospital, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab.

Introduction: Very late presentation of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is quite rare with some factors like brain shrinkage with age and ethmoidal growth fracture that lead to leakage from fracture site.

Case Report: We present a 70 years old man diagnosing with CSF rhinorrhea, 45 years after head injury with metallic rod. Treatment of cerebrospinal fluid leakage was performed successfully by endoscopic intranasal repair. Read More

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Hypotony Without Globe Rupture During Orbital Fracture Repair.

Laryngoscope 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

A 29-year-old male presented to the emergency department with an orbital fracture. He denied ocular symptoms and CT showed bilateral fracture of nasal bones, left medial orbital wall, and left orbital floor, with herniation of orbital fat and minimal retrobulbar hematoma. Pre-operative ophthalmic exam was unremarkable. Read More

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Risk factors for treatment failure of fracture-related infections.

Injury 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Infection after fracture fixation is a potentially devastating outcome, and surgical management is frequently unsuccessful at clearing these infections. The purpose of this study is to determine if factors can be identified that are associated with treatment failure after operative management of a deep surgical site infection.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the billing system at a Level I trauma center between March 2006 and December 2015. Read More

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The Most Common Relationship of a Midface Fracture in Maxillofacial Trauma Study.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract: Oral and maxillofacial fractures are the most common injuries among multiple trauma. About 5% to 10% of trauma patients having facial fractures. The objectives of this case study are to focus the most common mid-face fractures types' and to determine the relationship of the midface fracture in maxillofacial trauma among the patient who attended the outpatient clinic in a Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. Read More

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Epidemiology of Nasal Bone Fractures.

Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

New York University Langone Health, Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, New York, New York, USA.

Although nasal bones are the most common type of facial fracture given their natural projection and vulnerability to trauma, there is a paucity of data on its trends. To report on the trends and costs associated with open and closed nasal bone fractures across the United States. A retrospective analysis from 2006 to 2014 was conducted of the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample by using the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision codes for closed and open nasal bone fractures (802. Read More

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Head Over Wheels: Traumatic Head and Neck Injuries Secondary to Mountain Biking.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2021 Apr 12:34894211007231. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, Oakland, CA, USA.

Objectives: The popularity of mountain biking (MTB) in the United States has risen in recent years. We sought to identify the prevalence and distribution of MTB associated head and neck injuries presenting to emergency departments across the U.S. Read More

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A 6-Year Epidemiological Study of Mandibular Fractures in Traumatic Patients in North of Iran: Review of 463 Patients.

World J Plast Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):71-77

Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Mandibular fracture is considered the second most common facial fracture worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of mandibular fractures in traumatic patients hospitalized at Velayat Teaching Hospital in Rasht, Iran for 6-year.

Methods: In this retrospective study, all traumatic patients with mandibular fractures admitted to Velayat Teaching Hospital, Rasht, northern Iran for 6-year (2013-18) were enrolled. Read More

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January 2021

Multiple Approaches for Managing Complex Ophthalmic Blunt Trauma: A Case Report.

Int Med Case Rep J 2021 31;14:205-210. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Division of Plastic Reconstruction, Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Introduction: Ophthalmic trauma is defined as injuries affecting the ocular structures, including the globe, eyelid, lacrimal system, and surrounding orbital walls. Blunt trauma acts as the leading cause of injury and it may affect both the anterior and posterior parts of the globe. Prompt diagnosis, early management, and sustained follow-up are mandatory for an optimal outcome. Read More

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Auricular reconstruction using Medpor combined with different hearing rehabilitation approaches for microtia.

Acta Otolaryngol 2021 Apr 6:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; Institute of Otology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Congenital microtia-atresia affects patients in two specific ways: severe conductive hearing loss and difficulty in integrating into social environments due to auricle malformation.

Aims/objectives: To investigate the safety and efficacy of single-stage auricular reconstruction and hearing rehabilitation in children with microtia and external auditory canal atresia.

Material And Methods: From January 2016 to December 2019, we included 32 patients with microtia and external canal atresia who received auricle reconstruction with high-density polyethylene (Medpor) framework and three different hearing rehabilitation approaches at the Ninth People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Read More

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A New Methodology for Predicting Brittle Fracture of Plastically Deformable Materials: Application to a Cold Shell Nosing Process.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Mar 24;14(7). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Engineering Research Institute, School of Mechanical Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do 52828, Korea.

The traditional theory of ductile fracture has limitations for predicting crack generation during a cold shell nosing process. Various damage criteria are employed to explain fracture and failure in the nose part of a cold shell. In this study, differences in microstructure among fractured materials and analysis of their surfaces indicated the occurrence of brittle fractures. Read More

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Study of Pediatric Operative Recreational Trauma: A Retrospective Analysis of Pediatric Sports-Related Facial Fractures.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX.

Background: In the United States, most school-aged children participate in some form of organized sports. Despite the advantages to social and physical development that organized sports may have, these activities also place a significant number of America's youth at risk for facial injuries. Pediatric facial fractures resulting from sports trauma are well documented within pediatric literature. Read More

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A Review of Frontal Orbital and Frontal Sinus Fractures and Associated Ocular Injuries - Level I Trauma Center - University Hospital Experience.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: : Traumatic frontal fractures result from high force injuries and can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate our Montreal General Hospital (MGH) experience with frontal bone fractures.

Methods: : A comprehensive review of our trauma database was performed. Read More

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Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with circumflex to left ventricular fistulae: a case report of two rare subtypes of rare conditions occurring together.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Feb 12;5(2):ytaa552. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Cardiology, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, Hampstead, London, NW3 2QG, UK.

Background : Coronary arterial fistulae are rare yet have been associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We present a patient who was found to have a left circumflex (LCx) to left ventricular (LV) fistula in combination with apical HCM.

Case Summary : A 72-year-old female presented with syncope after exercise. Read More

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February 2021

The Role of Computed Tomography in Zygomatic Bone Fracture - A Case Report.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jul-Dec;10(2):491-494. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Biology and Health Science Department, Western Parana State University, Cascavel, Brazil.

Introduction: The zygomatic complex is integral to the facial contour, protection of the eye and other facial structures, and dental occlusion. Its importance in facial function and aesthetics requires high quality outcomes of the treatment.

Case Presentation: This paper reports the case of a 46-year-old man who had an occupational accident resulting in extensive facial trauma and zygomatic fractures. Read More

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December 2020

Nasal Septal Hematoma and Abscess in Children: An Uncommon Otorhinolaryngology Emergency Revisited.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar-Apr 01;32(2):e125-e128

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Bakirköy Teaching and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the demographic factors, trauma type, treatment, and long-term results in patients with nasal septal hematoma (NSH) and nasal septal abscess (NSA) in pediatric age group.

Methods: Between the years 2006 and 2019, patients who received a diagnosis of NSA and NSH were included for the study. Demographic data, the surgical findings, and long-term follow-up results were recorded. Read More

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Zygoma Fractures Are Associated With Increased Morbidity and Mortality in the Pediatric Population.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar-Apr 01;32(2):559-563

Department of Surgery.

Background: Trauma involving the facial bones has been shown to be associated with high severity in previous studies. Characteristics of facial fractures in adults have been well described in the adult population, less so in the pediatric literature. Our investigation aims to define these epidemiological measures and risk factors for poor outcomes using the most recent data. Read More

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Endoscopic Endonasal Orbital Floor Fracture Repair With Mucosal Preservation to Reinforce the Fractured Bone.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar-Apr 01;32(2):541-545

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The Jikei University School of Medicine.

Abstract: Treatment of orbital floor fracture is often needed to cure diplopia and enophthalmos. However, the available surgical methods have many limitations. An endoscopic endonasal reduction is a familiar approach for otolaryngologists; however, reconstruction of the orbital floor may pose certain problems. Read More

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A comparison of piezo surgery osteotomies with conventional internal osteotomies as performed by trainee surgeons: a cadaveric study.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2021 Apr 8;103(4):272-277. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.

Introduction: Aesthetic rhinoplasty remains a challenging procedure with high expectations and narrow tolerance for errors. Considerable training is required to achieve controlled and reliable results. Use of the Piezotome is gaining popularity for performing the nasal osteotomies, a key step in rhinoplasty, where it is reported to improve precision and predictability and to keep tissue damage to a minimum. Read More

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Patterns of referral for fractured nose during major sporting events: a 10-year follow up.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2021 Apr 8;103(4):282-284. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Imperial College London, UK.

Introduction: Nasal fracture is a common form of ear, nose and throat (ENT) trauma with prompt referral required for assessment and potentially manipulation of nasal bones. The aetiology of nasal fracture is multifactorial, and injury occurs across all ages. Previous study has suggested a temporal relationship between nasal injury and major sporting events. Read More

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Recurrent Cardiogenic Syncope From Extrinsic Organ Anomaly.

Chest 2021 Mar;159(3):e167-e171

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Frederik Meijer Heart & Vascular Institute, Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, MI.

Case Presentation: A 40-year-old woman presented with recurrent syncope. She reported multiple (>20) episodes of non-prodromal loss of consciousness, periodically provoked by physical exertion. One episode resulted in a nasal fracture due to the abrupt nature of her syncope. Read More

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A Nasal Bone Fracture Caused by a Dog Bite in an Adult.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, South Korea.

Abstract: The authors report a case of nasal bone fracture caused by a dog bite in a 25-year-old woman.A 25-year-old woman presented with lacerations of the face caused by a dog bite. When visiting her friend's house, a malamute attacked her. Read More

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Facial Fractures Related to Soccer: A Review.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Discipline of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery and Orthopedic, Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University (UNESP) Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University, Brazil.

Abstract: Soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world. Despite the concept that soccer is not a violent game, it can lead to several injuries in amateur and professional settings, including facial fractures. Previous studies of facial fractures in soccer were all retrospective and, to date, no prospective studies are available in the literature. Read More

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