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    49 results match your criteria Nailbed Injuries

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    Management of Nail Bed Injuries Associated with Fingertip Injuries.
    Indian J Orthop 2017 Nov-Dec;51(6):709-713
    Department of Physiology, Sree Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Ernakulum, Kerala, India.
    Background: Management of nail injuries can often be a challenging experience, especially in presence of complex fingertips' injuries that include soft tissue loss and distal phalanx injury. Most studies found in the literature focus on individual injuries and describe methods to tackle those injuries, notwithstanding the fact that the nail, nailbed, distal phalanx, soft tissue and skin of the finger tip form a complex and often more than one element of this complex is injured. This retrospective study therefore focuses on the management of nail bed injuries as a part of the complex finger tip injury and outlines the surgical principles and techniques that were used in their management. Read More

    Open physeal fracture of the distal phalanx of the hallux.
    Am J Emerg Med 2017 Jul 6;35(7):1035.e1-1035.e3. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    Kansas University Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kansas City, KS, United States.
    Open physeal fractures of the distal phalanx of the hallux are the lesser described counterpart to the same fracture of the finger, known by its eponym as a "Seymour fracture". Displaced Salter-Harris phalangeal fractures present with a concomitant nailbed or soft tissue injury. Often these fractures occur in the summer months when open-toe footwear can be worn, however, they may occur indoors as well. Read More

    Musculoskeletal Injuries Resulting from Use of Hoverboards: Safety Concerns With an Unregulated Consumer Product.
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2018 Jan 22;57(1):31-35. Epub 2017 Jan 22.
    1 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Hoverboards were recently introduced to the US consumer market and experienced rapid popularity. Given the high frequency of musculoskeletal injury with other wheeled recreation devices, we sought to analyze hoverboard injuries in children. A retrospective review of patients with musculoskeletal injury related to hoverboard use was performed at a tertiary care children's hospital. Read More

    Dorsal approach for vascular repairs in distal finger replantations.
    Microsurgery 2016 Nov 9;36(8):628-636. Epub 2016 Apr 9.
    Hand and Microsurgery Department, Medicalpark Gebze Hospital, Istanbul Bilgi University, Medicalpark Gebze Hospital Kavak Cad. No.3 Gebze-Kocaeli, Turkey.
    Introduction: Distal finger replantations are technically difficult operations due to small vessel sizes and narrow field of vision. The results of 25 distal finger replantations performed by dorsal approach are presented. The technical benefits and details of this technique is discussed with a literature review. Read More

    The Reverse Cross Finger Flap.
    J Hand Surg Am 2016 Jan;41(1):122-8
    Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Surgery, Christine M. Kleinert Institute for Hand and Microsurgery, Kleinert Kutz Hand Care Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY. Electronic address:
    The reverse cross finger flap is usually performed on patients with deep dorsal digital skin, nailbed, and extensor tendon injuries that cannot be repaired and grafted. These patients will require additional dorsal digital flaps from the adjacent fingers. Read More

    The High Risk of Infection With Delayed Treatment of Open Seymour Fractures: Salter-Harris I/II or Juxta-epiphyseal Fractures of the Distal Phalanx With Associated Nailbed Laceration.
    J Pediatr Orthop 2017 Jun;37(4):247-253
    *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center †Children's Medical Center of Dallas ‡Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, TX.
    Background: To describe treatment methods and complication rates of all open Seymour fractures (Salter-Harris I/II or juxta-epiphyseal fractures of the distal phalanx of the hand with associated nailbed laceration) treated at or referred to a pediatric level 1 trauma center over a 10-year time period. We hypothesized that delayed treatment of Seymour fractures results in higher infectious complication rates.

    Methods: We identified all patients treated for open Seymour fractures at the orthopaedic hand clinic at our level 1 pediatric trauma center between August 2002 and December 2012. Read More

    Treatment of Painful Nonunion of the Distal Phalanx in the Finger With Bone Graft and Dorsal Reverse Adipofascial Flap Based on an Exteriorized Pedicle.
    Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2015 Sep;19(3):115-9
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Reconstruction of the distal phalanx bone in cases with painful nonunion is a rare and challenging problem. To restore anatomy and to provide a good cover for the bone graft, an intact nailbed is often required due to the proximity of these 2 structures. We present 3 cases of distal phalanx reconstruction performed with a free corticocancellous bone graft from the distal radius and nailbed reconstruction with a homodigital dorsal reverse adipofascial flap based on an exteriorized pedicle that avoids the dissection of the germinal matrix of the nail. Read More

    Mechanism and epidemiology of paediatric finger injuries at Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong.
    Hong Kong Med J 2015 Jun 8;21(3):237-42. Epub 2015 May 8.
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
    Objectives: To determine the mechanism and epidemiology of paediatric finger injuries in Hong Kong during 2003-2005 and 2010-2012.

    Design: Comparison of two case series.

    Setting: University-affiliated teaching hospital, Hong Kong. Read More

    Innervated Digital Artery Perforator Propeller Flap for Reconstruction of Lateral Oblique Fingertip Defects.
    J Hand Surg Am 2015 Jul 4;40(7):1382-8. Epub 2015 May 4.
    Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To report our experience with the use of a digital artery perforator propeller flap based on a constant distal perforator in the middle phalanx for resurfacing of lateral oblique fingertip amputations.

    Methods: Twelve fingertips in 10 patients underwent reconstruction, with a mean follow-up of 8 months (range, 8-12 mo). The size of the flaps ranged from 2. Read More

    [Management of peripheral injuries of the finger].
    Unfallchirurg 2015 Feb;118(2):155-66; quiz 167-9
    Abteilung für Unfall-, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Chirurgische Universitätsklinik, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18055, Rostock, Deutschland,
    The treatment of acute peripheral finger injuries is part of the daily routine of surgeons in emergency departments. This article presents the most common forms of peripheral finger injuries and the specific diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. The injuries include incision and tear injuries, injuries to the nailbed, distal extensor tendon injuries, severed flexor tendons of the distal joint, bite injuries, high-pressure injection injuries and amputation injuries of the distal phalanx of fingers. Read More

    Artery-only fingertip replantations using a controlled nailbed bleeding protocol.
    J Hand Surg Am 2013 Nov;38(11):2173-9
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Anadolu Medical Center, Kocaeli, Turkey; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Academic Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:
    Purpose: We report our experience, treatment protocol, and 2-year follow-up results of 24 fingertip replantations treated using the artery-only technique without vein or nerve repair.

    Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 24 patients who had undergone fingertip replantation at the same center between 2005 and 2011. All patients in this study had complete fingertip amputation at or distal to the distal interphalangeal joint of the fingers or interphalangeal joint of the thumb. Read More

    An obliquely placed headless compression screw for distal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis.
    J Hand Surg Am 2013 Dec 1;38(12):2360-4. Epub 2013 Nov 1.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University; and the Institute of Rheumatology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To assess the outcomes of our technique involving oblique headless compression screw for arthrodesis of the thumb interphalangeal joint and the distal interphalangeal joints of the other digits.

    Methods: A total of 28 joints (19 thumb interphalangeal and 9 distal interphalangeal) in 23 patients with a mean age of 65 years (range, 58-74 y) were retrospectively analyzed. All operations were performed with the Acutrak2 micro-screw. Read More

    Osteocutaneous VY flap to preserve length in coronal oblique fingertip amputation.
    Hand Surg 2013 ;18(2):297-9
    Hand and Microsurgery Section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore 308433, Singapore.
    Radial or ulnar oblique amputations treated by nailbed levelling and local digital flap reconstruction can result in significantly shortened fingertip, narrowed pulp and nail shape distortion. A VY type flap containing bone, sterile matrix, and skin was conceptualised to restore nail and pulp contour for coronal oblique amputations. Technical details and a clinical case are discussed. Read More

    Fingertip reconstruction with simultaneous flaps and nail bed grafts following amputation.
    J Hand Surg Am 2013 Jul 23;38(7):1307-14. Epub 2013 May 23.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.
    Purpose: To report our technique and results with treating fingertip amputations with flaps and simultaneous nailbed grafts.

    Methods: We reconstructed 20 fingertip amputations with loss of bone and nail with flaps combined with nailbed grafts. We reconstructed the volar side of the fingertip with a flap, and the dorsal side of the fingertip with a nailbed grafted to the raw inner surface of the flap. Read More

    A technique for the non-microsurgical reconstruction of thumb tip amputations.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2013 Jul 6;66(7):973-7. Epub 2013 Apr 6.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Medical School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
    Purpose: This article aims to present a technique for thumb tip amputations using a homodigital soft-tissue/periosteum flap and a portion of the amputated digit.

    Methods: Eight patients (aged 21-53 years) with avulsion thumb tip amputations were reviewed. We report a new technique in which a bone and nailbed composite graft was taken from the amputated portion of the thumb and a dorsoulnar flap combined with periosteum was harvested from the first metacarpal and designed to cover the volar bone. Read More

    Pediatric hand and wrist injuries.
    Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2013 Mar;6(1):18-25
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, 601 North Caroline Street, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA,
    In the last 40 years, childhood hand and wrist injuries have become progressively more common as children have become heavier and more active in high impact sports. The majority of children with such injuries do well, but treatment is not always straightforward. Distal radius fractures, scaphoid fractures, metacarpal and phalangeal fractures, nailbed injuries, and amputations are among the pediatric hand and wrist injuries most often seen by orthopedists. Read More

    Cold-induced vasodilatation following traumatic median or ulnar nerve injury.
    J Hand Surg Am 2011 Jun 22;36(6):986-93. Epub 2011 Apr 22.
    Department of Plastic, and the Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Treatment Centre, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Purpose: Peripheral nerve injury of the upper extremity frequently causes changes in the thermoregulatory system of the hands and fingers and leads to reports of cold intolerance. In this study, we aimed to measure the influence of median or ulnar nerve injury on cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD) during prolonged cooling at low temperatures.

    Methods: We tested 12 patients with a median (n = 6) or ulnar (n = 6) injury 4 to 76 months after nerve repair. Read More

    Extrusion of bone anchor suture following flexor digitorum profundus tendon avulsion injury repair.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2011 Sep 16;64(9):1242-4. Epub 2011 Feb 16.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.
    Flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) zone I tendon avulsion injury is traditionally repaired with a pullout suture technique. More recently, bone anchor sutures have been used as a viable alternative and have largely replaced areas in hand surgery where pullout suture technique was once required. To date, there have been very few complications reported related to bone anchor suture use in FDP tendon reattachment to the bone. Read More

    Nailbed repair and patient satisfaction in children.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2010 Sep 28;92(6):483-5. Epub 2010 May 28.
    Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, St George's Hospital, London, UK.
    Introduction: We performed an audit to assess frequency of injury to the nail bed and outcomes after repair in a busy paediatric hand trauma clinic.

    Subjects And Methods: This retrospective study examines 46 consecutive nail bed repairs over a 6-month period. All notes were reviewed for patient demographics, details of the injury including the operation and aftercare. Read More

    The cross-digital dorsal adipofascial flap.
    Ann Plast Surg 2008 Feb;60(2):150-3
    Department of Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    The "homodigital distally based" dorsal adipofascial flap has been used by various authors to cover small, complex, dorsal, digital defects. In 2004, Al-Qattan reported on 3 cases in which a "distally based" dorsal adipofascial flap was used in a "cross-digital" fashion. In the current report, we expand on the concept of cross-digital adipofascial flaps in which the flaps are based not only distally but also proximally or laterally located. Read More

    Dorsal V-Y advancement flap for amputations of the fingertips.
    Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 2007 ;41(6):315-9
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vakif Gureba Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Amputations of the fingertip are the most common injuries to the upper limbs, and they cause greatest socioeconomic losses. The first choice of the technique of repair should be the simplest and fastest, with rapid restoration of function and an acceptable aesthetic appearance, and should return the worker to his job rapidly to prevent economic loss. Volar V-Y advancement flaps should therefore be considered first, but unless the dorsal loss is greater than the volar, this first choice of flap cannot be used because of the inadequate donor area. Read More

    Reverse homodigital artery flap coverage for bone and nailbed grafts in fingertip amputations.
    Ann Plast Surg 2006 Mar;56(3):279-83
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Turkey.
    The main aim of the treatment of fingertip amputations with no indication of replantation was to establish the functional and esthetic construction. The critical point in the utilization of the bone and nail tissue as a graft for reconstruction was to choose a flap that is sufficiently vascular to nourish these grafts. We have performed homodigital artery flaps to cover the bone and nailbed grafts taken from the amputation to restore fingertip function with an acceptable result. Read More

    Functional and cosmetic results of fingertip replantation: anastomosing only the digital artery.
    Ann Plast Surg 2004 Oct;53(4):353-9
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita Red Cross Hospital, Akita, Japan.
    In fingertip amputations, conventional stump plasty provides an almost acceptable functional result. However, replanting fingertips can preserve the nail and minimize loss of function. We investigated the functional and cosmetic results of fingertip replantation at the terminal branch of the digital artery. Read More

    Emergency department evaluation and treatment of hand injuries.
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 1999 Nov;17(4):793-822, v
    Emergency Medicine Residency Program, Darnall Army Community Hospital, Fort Hood, Texas, USA.
    This article focuses on disorders of the hand most commonly presented to the practitioner in an emergency setting. An initial review of functional anatomy is followed by discussions of the clinical findings and treatment of fractures, tendon injuries, infections, nailbed injuries, high-pressure injection injuries, and nerve injuries. The information presented in this article provides a basis for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of hand injuries. Read More

    Fingertip trauma in children from doors.
    Scott Med J 1999 Aug;44(4):114-5
    Accident & Emergency Unit, Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital.
    Fingertip and nailbed trauma caused by doors is common in children, occurring when fingers are either shut in the door itself or are trapped in the hinge as the door is closed. An audit was carried out over five months of all fingertip and nailbed injuries due to trauma from a door. One hundred and eighty eight children, 2% of all attendances in this period, had sustained such trauma, 39% of these occurring in children under four years of age. Read More

    Late diagnosis and treatment of crush injuries of the fingertip in children.
    Injury 1998 Jul;29(6):447-50
    Orthopaedic Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital for Sick Children, Hackney, London, UK.
    Crush injuries of the fingertip are common in childhood. In the course of six months seven cases presented to our department, five of which were S III type injuries [Van Beek et al., Hand Clinics 1990; 6(1): 23-35], that is a sterile matrix laceration with a tuft fracture. Read More

    [Treatment of fingertip defect injuries with a semi-occlusive dressing].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 1998 Jan;30(1):24-9
    Unfallchirurgischen Abteilung, Wilhelminenspitals der Stadt Wien.
    In the treatment of substance loss of fingertips it is crucial to maintain functional length and to restore adequate sensibility. By treating those injuries with a semiocclusive dressing according to Mennen and Wiese (1993), we were able to achieve both goals with excellent results, avoiding the necessity of local or regional flaps as well as shortening of bone to achieve primary closure. 82 patients with 85 injured digits were treated either conventionally (primary closure with or without shortening of bone, vaseline gauze dressings: 31 digits) or with semiocclusive dressings (54 digits). Read More

    Nailbed injuries with hallucal phalangeal fractures--evaluation and treatment.
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 1996 Apr;86(4):170-3
    New York College of Podiatric Medicine, New York, USA.
    Adequate assessment of crush injuries to the hallux is necessary before appropriate management can be initiated. When distal phalangeal fractures of the hallux are detected by routine radiography and subungual hematomas are present, open fractures of the hallux may be overlooked if the physician does not routinely avulse the nailplate. The authors review current modalities for the detection and evaluation of these injuries and present a protocol for treatment. Read More

    Nail regeneration in digits replanted after amputation through the distal phalanx.
    J Hand Surg Am 1996 Mar;21(2):229-33
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Aichiken Koseiren Kainan Hospital, Aichi, Japan.
    Nail regeneration was studied in 48 digits replanted after amputation through the distal phalanx. Twenty-seven were amputated through Tamai's zone I, at the nailbed level, and 21 digits were amputated through zone II, proximal to the nail. The nails of 9 digits in zone I and 14 in zone II showed almost normal nail regeneration. Read More

    Pathologic fracture secondary to subungual melanoma.
    J Surg Oncol 1996 Mar;61(3):230-3
    Department of Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23507-1912, USA.
    Subungual melanoma is uncommon, and delays in diagnosis and misdiagnosis occur frequently. We describe a 61-year-old black male who presented with a non-healing area in his left thumb nailbed with many of the features of subungual melanoma. However, the patient also had a pathologic fracture of the distal phalanx, leading to some initial confusion about the diagnosis. Read More

    Fingertip and nailbed injuries.
    Orthop Clin North Am 1992 Jan;23(1):149-59
    Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento.
    Injuries of the fingertip and nailbed require treatment to minimize pain, speed healing, and shorten the time of functional impairment. Alternatives for therapy include simple dressing changes, graft coverage, and flap transposition. The choice of treatment is based on the location and severity of the injury. Read More

    Fingertip reconstruction with a dorsal transposition flap.
    Br J Plast Surg 1991 Oct;44(7):530-2
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.
    Fingertip reconstruction using a dorsal transposition flap was performed on 10 patients who had undergone traumatic oblique amputation (radial or ulnar) through the middle of the nailbed or transversely through the proximal third of the nailbed. All operations were successful, with a small area of tip necrosis in one flap. Flat nail growth occurred in all digits, with an average regrowth of 5 mm from the initial amputated level. Read More

    Microsurgical toenail transfer to the hand.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 1991 Jul;88(1):102-9; discussion 110
    Department of Orthopaedics, Niigata University School of Medicine.
    Free nonvascularized toenail grafts have been used to reconstruct congenital or traumatic nail defects of the thumb or finger. Unfortunately, these transfers often result in deformity or atrophy. To avoid these undesirable results, microsurgical free vascularized toenail transfer was performed in 10 patients, 3 for congenital nail absence and 7 for traumatic nail defects. Read More

    Split nails.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 1990 Dec;86(6):1190-3
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
    Photographic documentation of successful surgical correction of two major vertical-type and one horizontal-type split nail is presented. The developmental mechanism of the horizontal-type split nail is discussed. Treatment of the vertical-type split nail with bipedicled subperiosteal nailbed-matrix flaps is described in detail. Read More

    Wrist and hand skeletal injuries in children.
    Hand Clin 1990 Nov;6(4):723-38
    University of South Florida School of Medicine, Tampa.
    When accidents occur, the hand is the part of the body most often thrust out to lessen the consequences, resulting in a wide array of combinations of soft-tissue and chondro-osseous injuries. Pediatric wrist and hand skeletal injuries discussed in this article include growth mechanism injury, fractures and dislocations, nailbed injuries, fingertip injuries, burns, and frostbite. Read More

    Dressings of the nailbed following nail avulsion.
    J Hand Surg Br 1988 Nov;13(4):408-10
    Accident and Emergency Department, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham.
    Dressings of the raw nailbed tend to adhere and to be difficult and painful to remove. We have compared three types of dressing: polyurethane sponge, paraffin-gauze and replacement of the finger-nail. Assessment of adherence and pain showed that replacement of the nail had significant advantages over the other dressings. Read More

    [Malignant melanoma of the nailbed under a skin graft].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 1986 Jul;18(4):209-13
    The authors report on a case of subungual malignant melanoma, which developed beneath a split-skin graft. The patient had an accident which caused a pathologic growth of the nail. Eleven years later the patient removed the nail, because it became moist, and a surgeon grafted the nail-bed with a split-thickness skin. Read More

    [Nailbed transplantation, a possibility for reconstruction].
    Aktuelle Traumatol 1986 Feb;16(1):34-6
    To satisfy the demands of tactile gnosis, it is necessary to have intact fingertips. For this purpose, the fingernail has an important function. With the help of an example of a nailbed transplantation after a complete amputation of a finger end, a possibility of reconstruction of injured fingertips, especially of the nailbed, is shown. Read More

    Primary care of fingernail injuries.
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 1985 May;3(2):255-61
    The primary care physician has a profound influence on the prevention of deformity and disability resulting from fingernail injuries. Prompt recognition and precise repair of the disrupted nailbed consistently result in successful nail restoration. For injuries with a substantial subungual hematoma or a displaced phalangeal fracture, optimal treatment requires removal of the nailplate, reduction of the fracture, and meticulous repair of the nailbed. Read More

    A photoplethysmographic technique for detecting vascular compromise: a preliminary report.
    J Trauma 1979 Jun;19(6):398-402
    We have developed a photoplethysmographic technique for monitoring early signs of vascular compromise in extremities affected by direct vessel trauma, crushing trauma, or circumferential burns. The technique consists of positioning a small infrared emitter-detector array shielded from room light over a nailbed of the affected extremity and connecting the array to standard electronic monitoring equipment, thus producing a pulse tracing very similar in contour to an arterial pressure wave. In normal volunteers, simultaneous observations of the tracing and studies of muscle blood flow using Xe133 clearance showed correspondence of disappearance of the plethysmographic signal with limb-threatening levels of ischemia produced by inflation of a blood-pressure cuff. Read More

    Skin and soft tissue injuries of the hand in children.
    Pediatr Clin North Am 1975 May;22(2):443-9
    Three pediatric hand injury subtypes and their management have been presented. Finger tip injuries, while often minor and self-healing in children, may require surgical repair if the nailbed is disrupted or if there has been significant skin or pad loss from the tip. The decision between local repair and skin graft or pedicle reconstruction depends on the nature and extent of the injury. Read More

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