Front Pediatr 2018 29;6:11. Epub 2018 Jan 29.
Faculty of Biology Medicine and Health, Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell-Matrix Research, Division of Cell Matrix Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.
The glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is a specialized structure with a significant role in maintaining the glomerular filtration barrier. This GBM is formed from the fusion of two basement membranes during development and its function in the filtration barrier is achieved by key extracellular matrix components including type IV collagen, laminins, nidogens, and heparan sulfate proteoglycans. The characteristics of specific matrix isoforms such as laminin-521 (α5β2γ1) and the α3α4α5 chain of type IV collagen are essential for the formation of a mature GBM and the restricted tissue distribution of these isoforms makes the GBM a unique structure. Read More