18,467 results match your criteria Nail Surgery


Intramedullary Nail Fixation Assisted by Orthopaedic Robot Navigation for Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients.

Orthop Surg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Orthopaedics, Pidu District People's Hospital, Chengdu.

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of intramedullary nail fixation for intertrochanteric fractures assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation and the traditional intramedullary nail fixation in elderly patients, and to investigate the application advantages of intramedullary nail fixation for femoral intertrochanteric fractures assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation in the elderly.

Methods: Among the 51 patients with intertrochanteric fractures who were selected from April 2015 to September 2017 in the Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University, 25 patients underwent the intramedullary nail fixation assisted by orthopaedic robot navigation (orthopaedic robot navigation surgery group) and 26 patients underwent the traditional intramedullary nail fixation (traditional surgery group). The operation time, the number of intraoperative fluoroscopy images taken, the frequency of guide pins inserted into the femoral marrow cavity, the amount of intraoperative bleeding, and the one-time success rate of the guide pin inserted into the femoral marrow cavity were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12447DOI Listing

Orthopedic Manifestations of Bruck Syndrome: A Case Series with Intermediate to Long-term Follow-Up.

Case Rep Orthop 2019 13;2019:8014038. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, USA.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of contractures, fractures, and deformities in four patients with Bruck syndrome treated in our facility. Data were collected from medical records, radiographs, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans, genetic tests, and gait analysis. All had contractures at birth and genotypic findings including mutations in PLOD2 or FPKB10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8014038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436336PMC

Emergency department presentation of hemoptysis due to nail gun injury.

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):46-48

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey.

Nail guns are cheap and easy-to-access devices that are common in the industry and personal use and are widely used by untrained people. Life-threatening injuries may occur after a self-accident due to the use of these devices. We report the case of a 47-year-old man who had hemoptysis due to a lung parenchymal injury after nail gun use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_64_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423926PMC

[Application of ultrasonic osteotome in the posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery by unilateral fenestration and bilateral decompression in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;33(4):416-422

Department of Spinal Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou Sichuan, 646000,

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) by unilateral fenestration and bilateral decompression with ultrasounic osteotome and traditional tool total laminectomy decompression PLIF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.

Methods: The clinical data of 48 patients with single-stage degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis between January 2017 and June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 27 patients were treated with unilateral fenestration and bilateral decompression PLIF with ultrasonic osteotome (group A), and 21 patients were treated with total laminectomy and decompression PLIF with traditional tools (group B). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201808037DOI Listing

The nail flag sign in heart transplant recipients: case reports and review of the patients with the flag sign of the nail.

Authors:
Philip R Cohen

Dermatol Online J 2019 Mar 15;25(3). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

San Diego Family Dermatology, National City, California.

The nail plate flag sign is a distinctive nail plate change that appears as white, red, white, and red sequential transverse bands beginning at the proximal nail fold. This distinctive nail change was initially described in patients with diabetes mellitus and leprosy; indeed, it was considered to be characteristic, but not diagnostic of leprosy. Subsequently, the flag sign was observed in patients with vitiligo. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Ingested metallic foreign body impacted in the vermiform appendix presenting as acute appendicitis: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 5;57:201-204. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

University of Duhok, College of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Duhok city, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Introduction: Ingestion of foreign bodies and their impaction at the lumen of the appendix is a very rare finding and only few cases have been reported all over the world. A variety of metallic foreign bodies when ingested may be lodged in the lumen of the appendix such as screws, bird shots, and needles. This is called in most literatures as foreign body appendicitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.03.052DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Optical Coherence Tomography in Evaluation of Glomus Tumors: A Report of Three Cases.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Dr. Phillip Frost Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Glomus tumors are painful, benign perivascular neoplasms of the glomus body affecting the nail apparatus. Although diagnosis can be made clinically using Love's and Hildreth's tests, imaging is required to distinguish glomus tumors from other subungual vascular lesions. Clinical diagnosis is complicated when the nail has no visible abnormalities. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jdv.15626
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15626DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Tibial fractures following participation in recreational football: Incidence and outcome.

Authors:
C Nwosu

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Apr;22(4):492-495

Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria.

Background: Football is responsible for 3.5%-10% of all injuries treated in hospital, but this may reflect the popularity of the sport rather than its dangers. Young people are particularly at risk of sports injury because of high levels of exposure at a time of major physiological change. Read More

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http://www.njcponline.com/text.asp?2019/22/4/492/255917
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_148_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Yellow nail syndrome resulting from cardiac mitral valve replacement.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Apr 11;14(1):72. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department in cardiac surgery hospital of Damascus university, Damascus, Syria.

Background: Yellow nail syndrome is a rare disease with unknown etiology, Attributed to functional anomalies or disturbance in lymphatic drainage. This condition is characterized by triad of nail discoloration, respiratory or intrathoracic manifestations and lymphedema.

Case Presentation: Twenty days after mitral valve replacement for severe rheumatic mitral valve stenosis, 39 years old woman presented with face tenderness and hearing problems besides stuffy and clogged nose and underwent routin rhinosinusitis therapy. Read More

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https://cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0903-1DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Microcirculation After Trochanteric Femur Fractures: A Prospective Cohort Study Using Non-invasive Laser-Doppler Spectrophotometry.

Front Physiol 2019 25;10:236. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Aachen, Germany.

Proximal femur fractures represent a major healthcare problem in the aging society. High rates of post-operative infections are linked to risk factors that seem to affect local microcirculation. Patterns and time courses of alterations in microcirculation have, however, not been previously investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442516PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Efficacy and Safety of Tranexamic Acid for Controlling Bleeding During Surgical Treatment of Intertrochanteric Fragility Fracture with Proximal Femoral Nail Anti-rotation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Indian J Orthop 2019 Mar-Apr;53(2):263-269

Department of Orthopaedic, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Intertrochanteric fragility fracture (IFF) treated with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) is associated with significant hidden blood loss and high blood transfusion rate. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss in these patients.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive eligible patients were recruited and randomly assigned to a TXA group or a control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_401_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415572PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Augmentation Plate Fixation for Treating Subtrochanteric Fracture Nonunion.

Indian J Orthop 2019 Mar-Apr;53(2):246-250

Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.

Background: The treatment of subtrochanteric fracture nonunion is challenging. Although revision with either an intramedullary or extramedullary device had been advocated with acceptable results, complications that require secondary procedures still arise. The use of an intramedullary device with augmentation plate fixation is a well-known approach for femoral or tibial diaphyseal nonunion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_476_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415573PMC

Bone-specific kinetic model to quantify periosteal and endosteal blood flow using indocyanine green in fluorescence guided orthopedic surgery.

J Biophotonics 2019 Apr 8:e201800427. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH.

This letter describes a hybrid plug/compartment (HyPC) kinetic model to fit dynamic indocyanine green fluorescence data acquired in a porcine model of long bone traumatic fracture. Parametric images of periosteal blood flow, endosteal blood flow, total bone blood flow and fraction of endosteal-to-periosteal flow were obtained by applying the HyPC model on a pixel-by-pixel basis. Intraoperative discrimination between healthy and damaged bone could facilitate debridement reducing post-operative complications from non-union and infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201800427DOI Listing

Predictors of mechanical complications after intramedullary nailing of tibial fractures.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Service de chirurgie orthopédique et de traumatologie de l'appareil locomoteur, université catholique de Louvain, Bruxelles, Belgium; Institut de recherche expérimentale et clinique (IREC), neuro-musculo-skeletal lab (NMSK), université catholique de Louvain, Bruxelles, Belgium.

Introduction: Intramedullary (IM) nailing is the gold standard treatment for tibial shaft fractures, but can be associated with various mechanical complications, including delayed union.

Hypothesis: We believe that complications do not occur randomly, but in certain conditions that contribute to their development. Risk factors likely to predict delayed union can be identified to support prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2019.01.015DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Elastic stabile intramedullary nailing (ESIN) of diaphyseal femur fractures in children and adolescents: A strobe-compliant study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15085

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Elastic stabile intramedullary nailing (ESIN) is a well-established method to stabilize diaphyseal fracture of the femur (DFF) in children. We aimed to evaluate the minimal medullary canal diameter (MMCD) of the fractured femur relative to the diameter of the nails. We also analyzed the real anteversion angle (AVA) of the affected femur in comparison to the healthy femur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015085DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The Effectiveness of a Flexible Locked Intramedullary Nail and an Anatomically Contoured Locked Plate to Treat Clavicular Shaft Fractures: A 1-Year Randomized Control Trial.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Apr;101(7):628-634

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgical Studies, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa.

Background: Displaced and shortened clavicular shaft fractures can be treated operatively with intramedullary or extramedullary fixation. The aim of the present study was to compare the union rates and functional outcomes of displaced and/or shortened clavicular shaft fractures treated with a flexible locked intramedullary nail or with an anatomically contoured locked plate.

Methods: Seventy-two patients with acute displaced and/or shortened clavicular shaft fractures underwent randomly assigned management with either an intramedullary locked nail or an anatomically contoured locked plate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00660DOI Listing

Comparison of new design locked intramedullary nails and plate osteosynthesis in adult isolated diaphyseal radius fractures.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Clinics of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kartal Dr.Lütfi Kırdar Training and Research Hospital, Cevizli District, Şemsi Denizer Street, Kartal, 34890, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: In this study, we retrospectively evaluated patients with isolated diaphyseal radius fractures treated with plates or IMNs and compared their radiological and functional results.

Methods: 49 patients who met the criteria were included in the study. Of these, 22 were treated with plate osteosynthesis and 27 with IMNs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01131-3DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Nail bed and flap reconstructions for acute fingertip injuries - A case review and report of a chemical burn injury.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 May-Aug;27(2):2309499019839278

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Orthopaedic Centre of Excellence for Research and Learning (NOCERAL), Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Nail bed injuries were commonly found concomitantly with fingertip injuries. Reconstruction of fingertip including the nail bed should be attempted at acute stage. Aim of the surgery was to restore as much finger length and achieve normal nail growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019839278DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Modern Implant Options for the Treatment of Distal Femur Fractures.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI.

Distal femur fractures occur in a periarticular fracture pattern and disproportionately afflict an aging population. Although the goals of treatment have not changed, the emergence of new surgical techniques and devices has recently been developed and refined to treat this challenging fracture pattern. Treatment options include open reduction and internal fixation with periarticular locking plates, intramedullary nails, or distal femur replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00706DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Topical steroids for the treatment of retronychia.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Hôpitaux universitaires Saint Pierre & Brugmann, Hôpital universitaire des enfants Reine-Fabiola, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

The term retronychia originated in 1999 (1) and a first series of cases was published in 2008. (2) A disturbance in the continuous longitudinal nail growth (3) leads to an upward and backward nail displacement with posterior embedding. Several nail plates pile up beneath the proximal nail fold (PNF) generating paronychia and granulation tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15603DOI Listing

Remote-controlled internal lengthening plate for distraction osteogenesis in pediatric patients.

Expert Rev Med Devices 2019 Apr 1;16(4):333-339. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

a Department of Mechanical Engineering , École Polytechnique of Montreal , Montréal , Québec , Canada.

Objectives: Limb lengthening by distraction osteogenesis is a technique widely used to treat limb length discrepancy resulting from trauma, congenital limb defects and long bone non-union. For decades, patients have resorted to the Ilizarov apparatus, prone to pin tract infections and scarring. Although implantable lengthening nails have reduced the incidence of complications, they are not applicable in pediatric patients with open growth plates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17434440.2019.1599283DOI Listing

Modified shave surgery combined with nail window technique for the treatment of longitudinal melanonychia: evaluation of the method on a series of 67 cases.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Dermatology, First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China. Electronic address:

Background: Nail matrix histopathological examination is still the gold standard to diagnose longitudinal melanonychia (LM).

Objective: To introduce modified shave surgery combined with nail window technique for managing LM, and evaluate the postoperative outcome of the procedure.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 67 cases with LM who underwent shave surgery combined with longitudinal-strip nail window technique at our institution from March 2015 to June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2019.03.065DOI Listing

Radiologic Evaluation of Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot Fracture Fixation Hardware.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Apr 29;23(2):e36-e55. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Radiologists should be familiar with basic principles of fracture fixation and the normal imaging appearances of implant constructs and their complications. The surgeon's selection of external fixation, intramedullary nail fixation, open reduction and internal fixation, or some combination depends on patient factors, fracture configuration, injury to the soft tissue envelope, and surgeon experience. Complications including loss of fixation with resultant malalignment, nonunion, infection, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis present additional challenges for the surgeon as well as the radiologist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1681049DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Successful management of lower limb nonunion using locking plates and bone graft with retention of intramedullary nail.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(13):e14949

Department of Orthopedics, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, School of Clinical Medicine, Henan University, Zhengzhou.

This study aims to investigate the clinical effect of the combined an additional locking plate with bone graft based on retaining the original intramedullary nail for the treatment of lower limb nonunion.From June 2008 to December 2012, 39 patients were admitted and treated, who developed non-infectious bone nonunion after intramedullary nail fixation for long bone fracture in the lower limb. Additional locking plate and autogenous iliac bone grafting were performed for these patients, in which the original intramedullary nail was retained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014949DOI Listing

Efficacy and safety of perioperative tranexamic acid in elderly patients undergoing trochanteric fracture surgery: a randomised controlled trial.

Hong Kong Med J 2019 Apr 28;25(2):120-126. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi, China.

Introduction: Trochanteric fractures result in a high frequency of considerable blood loss, a high incidence of blood transfusions, and a high risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a three-dose regimen of tranexamic acid on blood loss and transfusion rate in elderly patients with trochanteric fractures.

Methods: Eligible patients with trochanteric fractures surgically treated by dynamic hip screw and proximal anti-rotating intramedullary nail between March 2016 and October 2017 were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12809/hkmj187570DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Nail-Plate Constructs for Periprosthetic Distal Femur Fractures.

J Knee Surg 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hennepin Healthcare, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Over the past several years, the nail-plate construct (NPC) has emerged as a novel construct for the treatment of challenging distal femoral periprosthetic fractures. This construct, which uses a combination of the two primary treatment methods-lateral locked plating and retrograde intramedullary nailing, creates hybrid stabilization and allows the potential for early mobilization. This article will give the rationale for the use of the NPC as well as a review of the current published literature reviewing its use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683444DOI Listing

Devising Osteosynthesis for the Reverse Oblique Olecranon Fracture: A Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Nov-Dec;8(6):82-84

Department of Orthopaedics, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: We encountered a patient with a reverse oblique olecranon fracture in whom redisplacement occurred after osteosynthesis using routine tension band wiring (TBW). In this case report, methods for stable fixation used during reoperation are reported with a review of the literature.

Case Report: A 60-year-old male got the left olecranon fracture (Colton classification, type 2A) visited our hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424316PMC

Orthopedic trauma surgeon in Sierra Leone: how to keep one's head over water.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Universitätsklinik für Orthopädie und Traumatologie, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, Salzburg, 5020, Austria.

Purpose: Developing a guideline for orthopedic trauma surgeons working in civilian trauma hospitals in low-income countries.

Methods: This is a retrospective data analysis in a non-governmental organizational trauma hospital in Sierra Leone, Africa. Trauma victims (282), with 349 fractures, were admitted to the hospital 10/2015-01/2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-019-03171-1DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Augmentative antirotational plating provided a significantly higher union rate than exchanging reamed nailing in treatment for femoral shaft aseptic atrophic nonunion - retrospective cohort study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Mar 25;20(1):127. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Musculoskeletal Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, 5, Fu-Hsing St. Kwei Shan, Tao-Yuan, 33302, Taiwan.

Background: Atrophic nonunion of femoral shaft fracture after intramedullary (IM) nailing is uncommon. The treatment for femoral shaft aseptic atrophic non-union remained controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the surgical results between exchanging reamed nailing (ERN) and augmentative antirotational plating (AAP) for femoral shaft aseptic atrophic nonunion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2514-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434807PMC

Spanish National Hip Fracture Registry (RNFC): analysis of its first annual report and international comparison with other established registries.

Osteoporos Int 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Instituto de Investigación del Hospital La Paz, IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain.

Hip fracture registries have helped improve quality of care and reduce variability, and several audits exist worldwide. The results of the Spanish National Hip Fracture Registry are presented and compared with 13 other national registries, highlighting similarities and differences to define areas of improvement, particularly surgical delay and early mobilization.

Introduction: Hip fracture audits have been useful for monitoring current practice and defining areas in need of improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-04939-2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Trochanteric Fixation Nail® with Helical Blade Compared with Femoral Neck Screw for Operative Treatment of Intertrochanteric Femoral Fractures.

Hip Pelvis 2019 Mar 5;31(1):48-56. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

Purpose: This study was performed to compare outcomes of the Trochanteric Fixation Nail (TFN®) with a helical blade versus TFN® with a femoral neck screw for the treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures.

Materials And Methods: A single center, retrospective cohort study. Patients (>18 years of age) with an intertrochanteric femoral fracture, who were operated on between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2016 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5371/hp.2019.31.1.48DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414409PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Adherence to preoperative hand hygiene and sterile gowning technique among consultant surgeons, surgical residents, and nurses: a pilot study at an academic medical center in Indonesia.

Patient Saf Surg 2019 11;13:11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Digestive Surgery Division, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada/Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Jl. Kesehatan No. 1, Yogyakarta, 55281 Indonesia.

Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is a major problem for patient safety and surgical site infection (SSI) is a type of HAI and the most common form of infection related to surgical health care. Transmission of microorganisms can be minimized by aseptic procedures. The main objective of this study is to compare adherence to preoperative sterile gowning and hand hygiene technique among consultant surgeons, surgical residents, and nurses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13037-019-0193-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410512PMC

Intramedullary nail versus external fixator for ankle arthrodesis in Charcot neuroarthropathy: A meta-analysis of comparative studies.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 May-Aug;27(2):2309499019836012

1 Department of Orthopedics, Lebanese American University Medical Center-Rizk Hospital, Achrafieh, Beirut, Lebanon.

Purpose:: Ankle Charcot neuroarthropathy presents a great challenge for treatment. While conservative treatments yield poor results, arthrodesis is considered the treatment of choice for unstable Charcot ankles. There are two methods used for ankle fusion: retrograde intramedullary nail (IMN) and external fixator (EF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019836012DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The concept of nail matrix onychodermis (onychomatricodermis) in the nail unit: Histology and elastin immunohistochemistry.

J Cutan Pathol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Dermpath Diagnostics New York, Port Chester, NY, USA.

Backgrounds: We previously demonstrated the presence of onychodermis below nail matrix and nail bed. Because nail matrix is a producer of nail plate, we hypothesized that onychodermis below nail matrix could be the nail counterpart of follicular dermal papilla. In this study, we sought to further characterize histologic, histochemical and immunohistochemical features of nail matrix onychodermis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cup.13460DOI Listing

A novel treatment for retronychia: Case Series.

J Dermatolog Treat 2019 Mar 20:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

a Section of Dermatology , University of Naples Federico II, Naples , Italy. via Sergio Pansini 5 , 80131 Naples , Italy.

The term retronychia describes the proximal ingrowth of the nail that occurs when the nail plate (NP) embeds backwards into the proximal nail fold (PNF). Proximal avulsion of the nail remains the treatment of choice however, permanent postsurgical nail dystrophy can occur. We report here a case series of retronychia treated through chemical avulsion with 50% urea and 10% salicylic acid in vaseline white petroleum, covered by occlusive dressing and kept for 1 week. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546634.2019.1592098DOI Listing

Intramedullary nailing biomechanics: Evolution and challenges.

Proc Inst Mech Eng H 2019 Mar;233(3):295-308

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

This article aims to review the biomechanical evolution of intramedullary nailing and describe the breakthrough concepts which allowed for nail improvement and its current success. The understanding of this field establishes an adequate background for forthcoming research and allows to infer on the path for future developments on intramedullary nailing. It was not until the 1940s, with the revolutionary Küntscher intramedullary nailing design, that this method was recognized as a widespread medical procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0954411919827044DOI Listing

Implant cut-out following cephalomedullary nailing of intertrochanteric femur fractures: Are helical blades to blame?

Injury 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Harvard Medical School, Chief, Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, 02215, United States.

Introduction: Implant cut-out remains a common cause of cephalomedullary nail (CMN) failure and patient morbidity following surgical treatment of intertrochanteric femur fractures. Recent studies have suggested an increased rate of CMN cut-out with helical blades as opposed to lag screws. We compared rates of overall cut-out between helical blades and lag screws and used bivariate and multivariate analysis to determine the role of proximal fixation method among other variables on risk for cut-out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Application of self-made fine-tuning device in distal locking process of femoral interlocking intramedullary nail].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2019 Feb;32(2):161-165

Department of Orthopaedics, Cangzhou Hospital of Integrated TCM-WM, Cangzhou 061001, Hebei, China.

Objective: To evaluate the curative efficacy of self-made fine-tuning setting in the process of femoral distal implantation of intramedullary nail.

Methods: From October 2015 to October 2017, 66 cases of femoral shaft fracture were treated with anterograde interlocking intramedullary nail including 45 males and 21 females with a mean age of(37.21±11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Extra-articular distal tibial fractures, is interlocking nailing an option? A prospective study of 147 cases.

Chin J Traumatol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Orthopaedics, N K P Salve Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, India.

Purpose: Distal tibia fractures comprise about 7%-10% of lower extremity trauma. Because of the peculiarity of the soft tissue and subcutaneous location of the bone there are many controversies in the ideal treatment of distal tibia fractures especially extra articular pilon fractures. Plating is fraught with complications of wound dehiscence and infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Selective fixation of the medial malleolus in unstable ankle fractures.

Injury 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Edinburgh Orthopaedic Trauma, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH16 4SA, United Kingdom.

Background: Whilst the lateral malleolus appears to be crucial in controlling anatomical reduction of the talus, the role of the medial malleolus is less clear. Medial sided complications including infection, damage to local structures and symptomatic hardware are not without morbidity. This study compares the outcomes of patients with bimalleolar or trimalleolar ankle fractures who underwent fibular nail stabilisation with or without medial malleolar fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.03.010DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[Effectiveness of great toenail bed flap supplied with fibular dorsal artery of great toe for finger nail bed central longitudinal defect].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 03;33(3):345-348

Department of Hand Surgery, Longgang Orthopaedics Hospital, Shenzhen Guangdong, 518116,

Objective: To explore the surgical method and effectiveness of the great toenail bed flap supplied with the fibular dorsal artery of great toe in repair of the finger nail bed central longitudinal defect.

Methods: Between May 2012 and February 2017, 7 cases (7 fingers) with the finger nail bed central longitudinal defects were repaired with the great toenail bed flap supplied with the fibular dorsal artery of great toe. There were 3 males and 4 females; the age ranged from 17 to 35 years (mean, 27 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201810081DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

[Clinical comparative study of thoracoscopic assisted reduction and traditional manual reduction with percutaneous intramedullary nail internal fixation for mid-clavicular fractures].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 03;33(3):323-327

Department of Orthopedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou Fujian, 362000,

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of thoracoscopic assisted reduction and traditional manual reduction with percutaneous intramedullary nail internal fixation in the treatment of mid-clavicular fractures.

Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Twenty-two patients with mid-clavicular fractures who met the selection criteria between March 2012 and March 2017 were recruited and randomly divided into trial group (7 cases, thoracoscopic assisted reduction and percutaneous intramedullary nail fixation) and control group (15 cases, traditional manual reduction and percutaneous intramedullary nail fixation). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201808141DOI Listing

[SRS-Schwab grade osteotomy combined with satellite rod for thoracolumbar old osteoporotic fracture with severe kyphosis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 03;33(3):259-264

Department of Spinal Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210008,

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of SRS-Schwab grade Ⅳ osteotomy combined with satellite rod for thoracolumbar old osteoporotic fracture with severe kyphosis.

Methods: Between April 2013 and August 2016, 20 cases of thoracolumbar old osteoporotic fracture with severe kyphosis were treated with SRS-Schwab grade Ⅳ osteotomy combined with satellite rod. All the patients were females, aged 49-71 years (mean, 54. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201808022DOI Listing
March 2019
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Dorsal and Ventral Dimelia in the Same Hand in A Patient with Severe Ulnar Ray Deficiency: A Case Report.

World J Plast Surg 2019 Jan;8(1):112-115

Division of Plastic Surgery at King Saud University and King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Dorsal dimelia (the appearance of dorsal hand structures on the palmar aspect of the hand) and ventral dimelia (the appearance of ventral hand structures on the dorsal aspect of the hand) are rare congenital anomalies of the hand. None of the previously reported cases had combined dorsal and ventral dimelia in the same patient. Here, we report a case of severe ulnar ray deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/wjps.8.1.112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409135PMC
January 2019

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound enhances callus consolidation in distraction osteogenesis of the tibia by the technique of lengthening over the nail procedure.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Mar 14;20(1):108. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Institute for Rare Diseases, Korea University Medical Center, Guro Hospital, 148 Gurodong-ro, Guro-gu, Seoul, 08308, South Korea.

Background: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been widely accepted in promoting the fracture healing process. However, there have been limited clinical trials focused on the efficacy of LIPUS during distraction osteogenesis (DO) by the technique of lengthening over the nail procedure. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of LIPUS during DO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2490-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419405PMC
March 2019
1.898 Impact Factor

Schwannoma Formation in Childhood Cancer Survivors Exposed to Total Body Irradiation: Case Series.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

1 Reid R. Sacco Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Program, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Childhood cancer survivors are at risk for ongoing health risks related to their initial treatment. One potential long-term complication following radiation is the development of secondary tumors, including peripheral nerve tumors, such as schwannomas. We present three adolescent and young adult (AYA)-aged survivors of pediatric cancer (22-40 years), followed in our AYA survivorship clinic. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jayao.2018.0135
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2018.0135DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

An experimental study on the digital precision of internal fixation via the sinus tarsi approach for calcaneal fractures.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 Jan-Apr;27(1):2309499019834072

1 National Key Discipline of Human Anatomy, School of Basic Medical Science, Southern Medical University, Guangdong Province, China.

Objective:: To investigate the effectiveness and accuracy of internal fixation of calcaneal fractures with a three-dimensional (3-D) printing navigation module via the sinus approach.

Methods:: Eleven lateral lower extremity specimens were used in the experiment and divided into the digital design (DD) group ( n = 11) and the real surgery (RS) group ( n = 11). For the DD group, thin-section computed tomography (CT) scans, virtual fracture modeling, virtual bone plate fixation, sinus occlusal module design, and navigation module design were performed for the cadaver specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019834072DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Video-Augmented Fluoroscopy for Distal Interlocking of Intramedullary Nails Decreased Radiation Exposure and Surgical Time in a Bovine Cadaveric Setting.

Int J Med Robot 2019 Mar 12:e1995. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of General, Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, Hospital of the University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: We aimed to assess the feasibility of a video-augmented fluoroscopy (VAF) technique using a camera-augmented mobile C-arm (CamC) for distal interlocking of intramedullary nails.

Methods: Three surgeons performed distal interlocking on seven pairs of cadaveric bovine carpal bones using the VAF system and conventional fluoroscopy. We compared radiation exposure, procedure time and drilling quality between the VAF system and conventional fluoroscopic guidance. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/rcs.1995
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcs.1995DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

General review of titanium toxicity.

Int J Implant Dent 2019 Mar 11;5(1):10. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Titanium is a commonly used inert bio-implant material within the medical and dental fields. Although the use of titanium is thought to be safe with a high success rate, in some cases, there are rare reports of problems caused by titanium. In most of these problematic reports, only individual reports are dominant and comprehensive reporting has not been performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40729-019-0162-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409289PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The Use of Fibular Allograft in Complex Periarticular Fractures Around the Knee.

Oper Tech Orthop 2018 Sep 29;28(3):141-151. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Associate Director, Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Hospital for Special Surgery and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Although the use of fibular strut allografts in proximal humerus fractures has gained popularity, their use in other types of fractures is less well described. Fibular allografts have recently been used in the repair of complex periarticular fractures of the proximal tibia and distal femur. Fibular allografts can be inserted in a variety of manners to achieve goals specific to each individual fracture pattern. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10486666183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.oto.2018.07.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405238PMC
September 2018
2 Reads