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    The DARK Side of Total Synthesis: Strategies and Tactics in Psychoactive Drug Production.
    ACS Chem Neurosci 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Humankind has used and abused psychoactive drugs for millennia. Formally, a psychoactive drug is any agent that alters cognition and mood. The term "psychotropic drug" is neutral and describes the entire class of substrates, licit and illicit, of interest to governmental drug policy. Read More

    Lessons about Causes and Management of an Ebola Outbreak.
    Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2017 Dec;59(4):387-395
    1Laboratory of Microbiology, University Hospital F. B Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
    Ebola virus disease (EVD) is one of the deadliest viral diseases. It is characterized by a high mortality rate due to the lack of effective and safe treatments or vaccines and its ability to spread at an unstoppable pace. The West Africa outbreak ended but the disease may strike again at any time. Read More

    Effect of the 2008 economic crisis on the cardiovascular mortality of the Irish population: an ecological 12-year study of a heart-broken Celtic Tiger.
    Ir Med J 2017 Aug 8;110(7):597. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    King Fahad military medical complex Hospital, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
    Ireland has endured a substantial financial crisis in 2008 and we sought to explore the effect of economic recession on Irish cardiovascular mortality. We found an increase by 17.2% in CVA-deaths during the financial crisis years (95% CI 11. Read More

    Extent of surgery for phaeochromocytomas in the genomic era.
    Br J Surg 2018 Jan;105(2):e84-e98
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Background: Germline mutations are present in 20-30 per cent of patients with phaeochromocytoma. For patients who develop bilateral disease, complete removal of both adrenal glands (total adrenalectomy) will result in lifelong adrenal insufficiency with an increased risk of death from adrenal crisis. Unilateral/bilateral adrenal-sparing surgery (subtotal adrenalectomy) offers preservation of cortical function and independence from steroids, but leaves the adrenal medulla in situ and thus at risk of developing new and possibly malignant disease. Read More

    [Researching crisis plans in long-term mental health care: more complicated than expected].
    Tijdschr Psychiatr 2018 ;60(1):46-50
    BACKGROUND Crisis plans are highly valued because they can help to reduce the number of persons subjected to compulsory treatment in mental health care. The evidence however that crisis plans are effective is scarce, partly due to insufficient implementation by professionals.
    AIM: To assess the fidelity, relevance and applicability of crisis plans and to estimate to what extent such plans are appreciated by those working in long-term care. Read More

    Building capacity to encourage research reproducibility and #MakeResearchTrue.
    J Med Libr Assoc 2018 Jan 2;106(1):113-119. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Background: Research into study replication and reporting has led to wide concern about a reproducibility crisis. Reproducibility is coming to the attention of major grant funders, including the National Institutes of Health, which launched new grant application instructions regarding rigor and reproducibility in 2015.

    Study Purpose: In this case study, the authors present one library's work to help increase awareness of reproducibility and to build capacity for our institution to improve reproducibility of ongoing and future research. Read More

    Declining Health-Related Quality of Life in the U.S.
    Am J Prev Med 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    National Institute on Drug Abuse, Division of Epidemiology, Services, and Prevention Research, Bethesda, Maryland.
    Introduction: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. Read More

    SFE/SFEDP adrenal insufficiency French consensus: Introduction and handbook.
    Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Service d'endocrinologie diabétologie pédiatrique, hôpital Robert-Debré, centre de référence des maladies endocriniennes rares de la croissance et du développement, université Paris Diderot, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 48, boulevard Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France.
    The French endocrinology society (SFE) and the French pediatric endocrinology society (DFSDP) have drawn up recommendations for the management of primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency in the adult and child, based on an analysis of the literature by 19 experts in 6 work-groups. A diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency should be suspected in the presence of a number of non-specific symptoms except hyperpigmentation which is observed in primary adrenal insufficiency. Diagnosis rely on plasma cortisol and ACTH measurement at 8am and/or the cortisol increase after synacthen administration. Read More

    Assessment of inpatient psychiatric readmission risk among patients discharged on an antipsychotic polypharmacy regimen: A retrospective cohort study.
    Acta Med Acad 2017 Nov;46(2):133-144
    Department of Psychiatry, Maricopa Integrated Health System, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
    Objective: Patients are frequently prescribed multiple antipsychotic medications, leading to higher healthcare costs and increased risk for side effects. The efficacy of multiple versus single antipsychotics to prevent acute relapse, measured by incidence of inpatient readmission, is investigated in Arizona, USA.

    Method: A retrospective chart review compared socio-demographic and clinical data from 1,010 patients discharged on a single and 377 discharged on multiple antipsychotic medications. Read More

    [Psychiatry].
    Rev Med Suisse 2018 Jan;14(588-589):90-92
    Service de psychiatrie communautaire, Département de psychiatrie, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne.
    Children of patients with psychiatric disorders are at higher risk to develop a psychiatric illness. In addition, phases of crisis and hospitalization of the parent are often traumatizing to the children, especially during childhood. Although a specific offer to face these issues is compulsory in some countries, such is not the case in Switzerland. Read More

    Blockade of placental growth factor reduces vaso-occlusive complications in murine models of sickle cell disease.
    Exp Hematol 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Bayer, US Innovation Center, 455 Mission Bay Blvd South, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.
    Vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) is the most common and debilitating complication of sickle cell disease (SCD); recurrent episodes cause organ damage and contribute to early mortality. Plasma placental growth factor (PlGF) levels are elevated in SCD and can further increase under hypoxic conditions in SCD mice. Treatment with a PlGF-neutralizing antibody (anti-PlGF Ab) in SCD mice reduced levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-3, eotaxin, macrophage colony-stimulating factor, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 significantly, and macrophage-derived chemokine and macrophage inflammatory protein-3β moderately; this may contribute to inhibition of leukocyte recruitment, activation, and thrombosis. Read More

    Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Herbs with Special Emphasis on Herbal Medicines for Countering Inflammatory Diseases and Disorders - A Review.
    Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Campus Monterrey, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey, N.L., CP 64849. Mexico.
    Background: Diseases with inflammatory etiopathology have increased in incidence in recent times. Drugs used for therapeutic management of such inflammatory diseases are relieving the ailment but at the same time also countering serious life-threatening consequences. Moreover, they are costly and rarely available at all places. Read More

    Genotypic variability enhances the reproducibility of an ecological study.
    Nat Ecol Evol 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Ecotron (Unité Propre de Service 3248), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Campus Baillarguet, Montferrier-sur-Lez, France.
    Many scientific disciplines are currently experiencing a 'reproducibility crisis' because numerous scientific findings cannot be repeated consistently. A novel but controversial hypothesis postulates that stringent levels of environmental and biotic standardization in experimental studies reduce reproducibility by amplifying the impacts of laboratory-specific environmental factors not accounted for in study designs. A corollary to this hypothesis is that a deliberate introduction of controlled systematic variability (CSV) in experimental designs may lead to increased reproducibility. Read More

    Metabolic reprogramming by PCK1 promotes TCA cataplerosis, oxidative stress and apoptosis in liver cancer cells and suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma.
    Oncogene 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    The Molecular and Cell Biology Research Lab, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
    Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK or PCK) catalyzes the first rate-limiting step in hepatic gluconeogenesis pathway to maintain blood glucose levels. Mammalian cells express two PCK genes, encoding for a cytoplasmic (PCPEK-C or PCK1) and a mitochondrial (PEPCK-M or PCK2) isoforms, respectively. Increased expressions of both PCK genes are found in cancer of several organs, including colon, lung, and skin, and linked to increased anabolic metabolism and cell proliferation. Read More

    [Call for reinforcements, care to support clinical pertinence].
    Soins Psychiatr 2018 Jan - Feb;39(314):41-44
    Centre hospitalier Sainte-Marie Clermont-Ferrand, 33, rue Gabriel-Péri, CS 9912, 63037 Clermont-Ferrand cedex 1, France.
    In their day-to-day practice, psychiatric caregivers are frequently confronted with difficult clinical situations, or crises, which require a rapid and appropriate nursing response. While most of these situations are managed and contained by the professionals present, others will require, depending on their criticality, outside help in order to guarantee greater clinical pertinence and a safe environment. Read More

    Is freedom (still) therapy? The 40th anniversary of the Italian mental health care reform.
    Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2018 Jan 16:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse,AUSL Bologna,Bologna,Italy.
    On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds. Read More

    Long term unemployment, income, poverty, and social public expenditure, and their relationship with self-perceived health in Spain (2007-2011).
    BMC Public Health 2018 Jan 15;18(1):133. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Applied Economics Department, University of Granada, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Campus Universitario de Cartuja s/n 18011, Granada, Spain.
    Background: There is scant research that simultaneously analyzes the joint effects of long-term unemployment, poverty and public expenditure policies on poorer self-perceived health during the financial crisis. The aim of the study is to analyze the joint relationship between long-term unemployment, social deprivation, and regional social public expenditure on one side, and self-perceived health in Spain (2007-2011) on the other.

    Methods: Longitudinal data were extracted from the Survey on Living Conditions, 2007-2010 and 2008-2011 (9105 individuals and 36,420 observations), which were then used to estimate several random group effects in the constant multilevel logistic longitudinal models (level 1: year; level 2: individual; level 3: region). Read More

    Acute Cervical Dystonia Induced by Clebopride.
    Case Rep Neurol Med 2017 28;2017:2834349. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Neurology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea.
    Antidopaminergic drugs are known to induce extrapyramidal symptoms. Clebopride, a dopamine antagonist, also can produce parkinsonism, tardive dyskinesia, tardive dystonia, hemifacial dystonia, or oculogyric crisis; however, acute dystonic reaction caused by clebopride has not been reported in adults. We report two young men who experienced acute cervical dystonia within a few days of taking clebopride. Read More

    [Disseminated fusariosis in patients with acute leukemia: a retrospective analysis of three cases].
    Rinsho Ketsueki 2017 ;58(12):2375-2379
    Hematology Division, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center, Komagome Hospital.
    We report three cases of fusariosis that occurred during the treatment of acute leukemia, during the past 5 years at our institution. Case 1: A 70-year-old male with relapsed and refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) developed fever and multiple nodular lesions in both the lungs. Blood culture that was subsequently obtained revealed Fusarium species. Read More

    Victim Empowerment, Safety, and Perpetrator Accountability Through Collaboration: A Crisis to Transformation Conceptual Model.
    Violence Against Women 2017 Dec 1:1077801217743341. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA.
    This article describes the development of the Victim Empowerment, Safety, and Perpetrator Accountability through Collaboration (VESPAC) model based on a grounded theory analysis of congressionally mandated and permissible purpose areas for grants authorized by the Violence Against Women Act. These areas are reflective of ongoing and emerging needs of victims and agencies serving victims and are rooted in the expertise, insight, and concerns of those who work most closely with victims and perpetrators on a regular basis. Analysis resulted in five overarching and interconnected themes: Community Readiness, Victim Services, Justice Responses, Coordinated Community Responses, and Cultural Relevance. Read More

    Viewing Gendered Violence in Guatemala Through Photovoice.
    Violence Against Women 2017 Jun 1:1077801217708058. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    1 University of New Brunswick, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada.
    This research examined rural and urban women's experiences of gender-based violence in Chimaltenango, Guatemala. Photovoice methodology was used to describe and analyze local realities and vulnerabilities, and ethnographic techniques added cultural and contextual factors. While the initial focus was on intimate partner violence, results showed that violence for women exists from childhood to senior years. Read More

    Land-Water-Food Nexus and indications of crop adjustment for water shortage solution.
    Sci Total Environ 2018 Jan 11;626:11-21. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Key Laboratory of Agricultural Water Resources, Hebei Laboratory of Agricultural Water-saving, Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 286 Huaizhong Road, Shijiazhuang 050021, China.
    While agriculture places the greatest demand on water resources, increasing agricultural production is worsening a global water shortage. Reducing the cultivation of water-consuming crops may be the most effective way to reduce agricultural water use. However, when also taking food demand into consideration, sustaining the balance between regional water and food securities is a growing challenge. Read More

    A Case of Autosplenectomy in Sickle Cell Trait Following an Exposure to High Altitude.
    Wilderness Environ Med 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Hematology Division, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India (Drs Yanamandra, Malhotra, and Varma).
    A 24-year-old man presented with acute abdominal pain upon ascent to moderate altitude (3500 m). An immediate evaluation revealed a splenic infarct, and he was evacuated to sea level. Upon recovery, he was sent back to 3500 m without detailed etiological evaluation, whereupon he experienced recurrent episodes of left-side subcostal pain. Read More

    Medical and health risks associated with communicable diseases of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh 2017.
    Int J Infect Dis 2018 Jan 9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Collaborating Centre for Oxford University and CUHK for Disaster and Medical Humanitarian Response (CCOUC), Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China.
    Complex emergencies remain as major threats to human well-being in the 21st century. More than 0.3 million Rohingya people in Myanmar, one of the most forgotten minority globally, had fled to the neighborhood communities, during the past decades. Read More

    The Importance of Parental Connectedness and Relationships With Healthcare Professionals in End-of-Life Care in the PICU.
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Intensive Care Unit and Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Objectives: Support from healthcare professionals in a PICU is highly valuable for parents of dying children. The way they care for the patients and their families affects the parents' initial mourning process. This study explores what interaction with hospital staff is meaningful to parents in existential distress when their child is dying in the PICU. Read More

    Paediatric Virology and its interaction between basic science and clinical practice (Review).
    Int J Mol Med 2018 Jan 4. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    Department of Clinical Virology, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion 71003, Greece.
    The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza. Read More

    Why do people become health workers? Analysis from life histories in 4 post-conflict and post-crisis countries.
    Int J Health Plann Manage 2018 Jan 12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    ReBUILD and Department of International Public Health and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK.
    While there is a growing body of literature on how to attract and retain health workers once they are trained, there is much less published on what motivates people to train as health professions in the first place in low- and middle-income countries and what difference this makes to later retention. In this article, we examine patterns in expressed motivation to join the profession across different cadres, based on 103 life history interviews conducted in northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, and Zimbabwe. A rich mix of reported motivations for joining the profession was revealed, including strong influence of "personal calling," exhortations of family and friends, early experiences, and chance factors. Read More

    "How Do We Start? And How Will They React?" Disclosing to Young People with Perinatally Acquired HIV in Uganda.
    Front Public Health 2017 13;5:343. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Sydney School of Public Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Despite great advances in pediatric HIV care, rates and the extent of full disclosure of HIV status to infected children remain low especially in resource-constrained setting. The World Health Organisation recommends that, by the age of 10-12 years old, children should be made fully aware of their HIV-positive status. However, this awareness is often delayed until much later in their adolescence. Read More

    Cardiac function and exercise adaptation in 8 children with LPIN1 mutations.
    Mol Genet Metab 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Reference Centre of Inherited Metabolic Diseases, Hospital Necker Enfants Malades, APHP, Institute Imagine, University Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
    Introduction: Lipin-1 deficiency is a major cause of rhabdomyolysis that are precipitated by febrile illness. The prognosis is poor, with one-third of patients dying from cardiac arrest during a crisis episode. Apart from acute rhabdomyolysis, most patients are healthy, showing normal clinical and cardiac ultrasound parameters. Read More

    Promising roles for pharmacists in addressing the U.S. opioid crisis.
    Res Social Adm Pharm 2017 Dec 31. Epub 2017 Dec 31.
    National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Overdoses of prescription or illicit opioids claimed the lives of 116 Americans each day in 2016, and the crisis continues to escalate. As healthcare systems evolve to address the crisis, the potential of pharmacists to make a positive difference is significant. In addition to utilizing available prescription drug monitoring programs to help prevent diversion of opioids, practicing pharmacists can be alert for signs of opioid misuse by patients (e. Read More

    Towards an understanding of resilience: responding to health systems shocks.
    Health Policy Plan 2018 Jan 9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK.
    The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe. Read More

    The promising future of ventricular restraint therapy for the management of end-stage heart failure.
    Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Jan 8;99:25-32. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Basic Medicine and Clinical Pharmacy China Pharmaceutical University, School of Pharmacy, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 211198, PR China; Department of Heart Surgery, Nanjing Shuiximen Hospital, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210017, PR China; Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Zhongda Hospital affiliated to Southeast University, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210017, PR China. Electronic address:
    Complicated pathophysiological syndrome associated with irregular functioning of the heart leading to insufficient blood supply to the organs is linked to congestive heart failure (CHF) which is the leading cause of death in developed countries. Numerous factors can add to heart failure (HF) pathogenesis, including myocardial infarction (MI), genetic factors, coronary artery disease (CAD), ischemia or hypertension. Presently, most of the therapies against CHF cause modest symptom relief but incapable of giving significant recovery for long-term survival outcomes. Read More

    A situational crime prevention analysis of Anglican clergy's child protective practices.
    Child Abuse Negl 2018 Jan 8;77:85-98. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    School of Social Sciences, University of Tasmania, Room 517, Social Sciences Building, Churchill Avenue, Sandy Bay, Tasmania 7005, Australia. Electronic address:
    To date, a predominant focus within the field of 'clerical collar crime' has revolved around institutional-level church responses to child sexual abuse events, survivors and offenders. Comparatively, little attention has been directed towards the micro-level and in particular, examining clerical responses to child sexual abuse. This article presents empirical findings concerning the 'everyday' child protective practices of Anglican clergy in the Diocese of Tasmania, Australia. Read More

    Lead Toxicity in the Pediatric Patient with Sickle Cell Disease: Unique Risks and Management.
    Pediatr Ann 2018 Jan;47(1):e36-e40
    Lead toxicity is the result of lead ingestion, one of the most common ingestions in the pediatric population. Nationwide and statewide efforts to recognize and curtail this epidemic have led to declining rates of toxicity. In patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), lead toxicity can be an elusive diagnosis due to overlapping symptom profiles, and inconsistent follow-up with a primary care physician can make the diagnosis even more difficult. Read More

    The end of mass homeownership? Changes in labour markets and housing tenure opportunities across Europe.
    J Hous Built Environ 2017 22;32(4):649-672. Epub 2017 Apr 22.
    Department of Social Policy and Social Work, School of Social Policy, University of Birmingham, Muirhead Tower, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT UK.
    With continued economic growth and expanding mortgage markets, until recently the pattern across advanced economies was of growing homeownership sectors. The Great Financial Crisis (GFC) has however, undercut this growth resulting in the contraction of homeownership access in many countries and the revival of private renting. This paper argues that these tenure changes are not solely a consequence of the GFC, and therefore, reversible once long-term growth returns. Read More

    Regionalization of housing policies? An exploratory study of Andalusia, Catalonia and the Basque Country.
    J Hous Built Environ 2017 1;32(3):581-598. Epub 2016 Oct 1.
    University of the Basque Country, Leioa, Spain.
    The Spanish home ownership sector has been hit hard by the economic crisis. Repossessions stand at around half a million in the period from 2008 to 2014. This article investigates how the authorities, both at the level of the Spanish state and of the autonomous communities (regions), have responded to this problem. Read More

    Chronicity, crisis, and the 'end of AIDS'.
    Glob Public Health 2018 Jan 11:1-15. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    a Department of Anthropology , University of Maryland , College Park , USA.
    In biomedical, public health, and popular discourses, the 'end of AIDS' has emerged as a predominant way to understand the future of HIV research and prevention. This approach is predicated on structuring and responding to HIV in ways that underscore its presumed lifelong nature. In this article, I examine the phenomenon of HIV chronicity that undergirds the 'end of AIDS' discourse. Read More

    The struggle for Via Bologna street market: crisis, racial denial and speaking back to power in Naples Italy.
    Br J Sociol 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    London School of Economics.
    This paper is based on ethnographic research conducted with migrant and Italian street vendors in Naples, southern Italy, in 2012. It tells the story of Via Bologna market which was nearly closed down by the City Hall at the time. Naples is a city where issues of poverty and unemployment pre-date and have been exacerbated by manifold narratives of crisis now unfolding across Europe regarding the economy, political legitimacy, security and migration. Read More

    The emerging influenza virus threat: status and new prospects for its therapy and control.
    Arch Virol 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Sanofi Pasteur, Asia and JPAC Region, Singapore, Singapore.
    Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are zoonotic pathogens that cause yearly outbreaks with high rates of morbidity and fatality. The virus continuously acquires point mutations while circulating in several hosts, ranging from aquatic birds to mammals, including humans. The wide range of hosts provides influenza A viruses greater chances of genetic re-assortment, leading to the emergence of zoonotic strains and occasional pandemics that have a severe impact on human life. Read More

    Questioning the role of Facebook in maintaining Syrian social capital during the Syrian crisis.
    Heliyon 2017 Dec 28;3(12):e00483. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Damascus University, Faculty of Economics, Management Department, Al-Baramkeh St., Syria.
    The Syrian crisis is considered the 'world's single largest crisis for almost a quarter of a century that has the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation' (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 2016). The rapid adoption of Facebook among Syrians questions whether it helps in maintaining the social capital of a war-torn nation and a dispersed Syrian population worldwide. Data was collected by means of a Facebook survey from 964 Syrian users. Read More

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