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    Empirical lessons regarding contraception in a protracted refugee setting: A descriptive study from Maela camp on the Thai-Myanmar border 1996 - 2015.
    PLoS One 2017 23;12(2):e0172007. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Mae Sot, Thailand.
    Conflict settings and refugee camps can be chaotic places, with large and rapid population movements, exacerbated public health problems, and ad hoc health services. Reproductive health care that includes family planning is of heightened importance in such settings, however, funding and resources tend to be constrained and geared towards acute health services such as trauma management and infectious disease containment. Here we report on the complexities and challenges of providing family planning in a post-emergency refugee setting, using the example of the largest refugee camp on the Thai-Myanmar border, in existence now for over 30 years. Read More

    The influence of placements on adult nursing graduates' choice of first post.
    Br J Nurs 2017 Feb;26(4):228-233
    Senior Lecturer, Pre-professional healthcare education, University of Bedfordshire.
    Background: This article presents findings from a study that sought to explore the extent to which clinical placements have an impact on nursing students' decisions regarding their first staff nurse post. Within the UK, nursing is facing a recruitment crisis with particular difficulty recruiting to areas such as primary care and care of older people. Transitioning into a new role is challenging in any occupation, but it is a particular problem in nursing where the realities of professional practice often differ from students' perception of the staff nurse role as shaped by their clinical placements. Read More

    Organic pollution of rivers: Combined threats of urbanization, livestock farming and global climate change.
    Sci Rep 2017 Feb 23;7:43289. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Department of Water Management, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628CN, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Organic pollution of rivers by wastewater discharge from human activities negatively impacts people and ecosystems. Without treatment, pollution control relies on a combination of natural degradation and dilution by natural runoff to reduce downstream effects. We quantify here for the first time the global sanitation crisis through its impact on organic river pollution from the threats of (1) increasing wastewater discharge due to urbanization and intensification of livestock farming, and (2) reductions in river dilution capacity due to climate change and water extractions. Read More

    Relationship between calcium channel blockers and skin fibrosis in patients with systemic sclerosis.
    Clin Exp Rheumatol 2017 Jan 31. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, ON; and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
    Objectives: Recent experimental evidence suggests that calcium channel blockers (CCBs) may have anti-fibrotic effects on liver and pulmonary fibrosis. We aimed to investigate whether use of CCBs was associated with the skin fibrosis in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).

    Methods: Based on the 5-year follow-up data from the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group registry, we used the generalised estimating equations (GEE) model to assess the relationship between use of CCBs and the primary outcome of skin fibrosis measured by the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS). Read More

    Money for microbes-Pathogen avoidance and out-group helping behaviour.
    Int J Psychol 2017 Feb 23. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Psychology, Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Humans have evolved various adaptations against pathogens, including the physiological immune system. However, not all of these adaptations are physiological: the cognitive mechanisms whereby we avoid potential sources of pathogens-for example, disgust elicited by uncleanliness-can be considered as parts of a behavioural immune system (BIS). The mechanisms of BIS extend also to inter-group relations: Pathogen cues have been shown to increase xenophobia/ethnocentrism, as people prefer to keep their societal in-group norms unaltered and "clean. Read More

    Harmful drinking after job loss: a stronger association during the post-2008 economic crisis?
    Int J Public Health 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Department of Public Health, J2-215, Academic Medical Center (AMC), University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22660, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Objectives: This study investigated, among the Dutch working population, whether job loss during the post-2008 economic crisis is associated with harmful drinking and whether this association is stronger than before the crisis.

    Methods: Repeated cross-sectional data from the Dutch Health Interview Survey 2004-2013 were used to define episodic drinking (≥6 glasses on 1 day ≥1/week) and chronic drinking (≥14 glasses/week for women and ≥21 for men). These data were linked to longitudinal data from tax registries, to measure the experience and duration of job loss during a 5-year working history. Read More

    Specialized disaster behavioral health training: Its connection with response, practice, trauma health, and resilience.
    Disaster Health 2016 9;3(2):57-65. Epub 2016 Jun 9.
    Behavioral Sciences Department, Andrews University , Berrien Springs, MI, USA.
    This study examined the relationship between having training in key disaster behavioral health (DBH) interventions and trauma health (compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction), resilience, the number of crisis responses participated in within the last year, and the frequency of assembling to practice crisis interventions skills. Data was collected from a convenience sample of disaster behavioral health responders (N = 139) attending a training conference in Michigan. Measures included the Professional Quality of Life Scale, the 14-item Resilience Scale, and a demographic questionnaire. Read More

    Assessing community resilience: A CART survey application in an impoverished urban community.
    Disaster Health 2016 13;3(2):45-56. Epub 2016 May 13.
    Community Renewal International , Shreveport, LA, USA.
    This article describes an application of the Communities Advancing Resilience Toolkit (CART) Assessment Survey which has been recognized as an important community tool to assist communities in their resilience-building efforts. Developed to assist communities in assessing their resilience to disasters and other adversities, the CART survey can be used to obtain baseline information about a community, to identify relative community strengths and challenges, and to re-examine a community after a disaster or post intervention. This article, which describes an application of the survey in a community of 5 poverty neighborhoods, illustrates the use of the instrument, explicates aspects of community resilience, and provides possible explanations for the results. Read More

    Educational Outreach to Opioid Prescribers: The Case for Academic Detailing.
    Pain Physician 2017 Feb;20(2S):S147-S151
    Division of Pharmacoeconomics, Dept of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
    Nonmedical use of opioid medications constitutes a serious health threat as the rates of addiction, overdoses, and deaths have risen in recent years. Increasingly, inappropriate and excessively liberal prescribing of opioids by physicians is understood to be a central part of the crisis. Public health officials, hospital systems, and legislators are developing programs and regulations to address the problem in sustained and systematic ways that both insures effective treatment of pain and appropriate limits on the availability of opioids. Read More

    Reactive oxygen therapy: a novel therapy in soft tissue infection.
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 2017 Apr;30(2):143-149
    aHampshire Hospitals Foundation NHS Trust, HampshirebUniversity of Southampton, Faculty of Medicine, Southampton, UK.
    Purpose Of Review: The global burden of disease in skin and soft tissue lesions is enormous. Many chronic, poorly healing lesions get treated with antibiotics despite the lack of evidence for long-term antibiotics. There is a global antibiotic resistance crisis driven largely by inappropriate use of large volumes of antibiotics. Read More

    Human butyrylcholinesterase efficacy against nerve agent exposure.
    J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    DEL Consulting, Columbus, OH, 43204, USA.
    Acetylcholinesterase is vital for normal operation of many processes in the body. Following exposure to organophosphorus (OP) nerve agents, death can ensue without immediate medical intervention. Current therapies mitigate the cholinergic crisis caused by nerve agents but do not fully prevent long-term health concerns, for example, brain damage following seizures. Read More

    [Lessons learned from the evacuation of the VU University Medical Centre after flooding].
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2017 ;161(0):D861
    VUmc, Amsterdam.
    On 8 September 2015, flooding of the lower floors of the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam caused serious damage to many vital technical services, such as water and power supplies. The decision was made to completely evacuate the university hospital. This paper describes the chronology and events of that day and shares a number of important lessons that were learned, in order to help readers to optimise crisis organisation in their own institutions. Read More

    Coping with the enduring unpredictability of opioid addiction: An investigation of a novel family-focused peer-support organization.
    J Subst Abuse Treat 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    MGH-Harvard Recovery Research Institute, 151 Merrimac Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02114, United States.
    Background: Opioid overdose deaths have become a major public health crisis. While efforts have focused mostly on helping opioid-addicted individuals directly, family members suffer also from the grave and enduring unpredictability associated with opioid addiction and often play a vital role in helping addicted loved ones access care. Little is known, however, about resources to help affected family members. Read More

    Will your plans survive a crisis? Principles for ensuring an effective recovery.
    J Bus Contin Emer Plan 2017 Jan;10(3):202-211
    Guided by international standards, internal governance and government policy, most businesses and organisations will have continuity plans. There is, however, a significant difference between a having a plan and providing an effective response and recovery to a crisis event. This paper will explore six principles that will ensure an organisation can provide an effective response to significant business disruptions. Read More

    Pathways towards instability in financial networks.
    Nat Commun 2017 Feb 21;8:14416. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    London Institute for Mathematical Sciences, London W1K 2XF, UK.
    Following the financial crisis of 2007-2008, a deep analogy between the origins of instability in financial systems and complex ecosystems has been pointed out: in both cases, topological features of network structures influence how easily distress can spread within the system. However, in financial network models, the details of how financial institutions interact typically play a decisive role, and a general understanding of precisely how network topology creates instability remains lacking. Here we show how processes that are widely believed to stabilize the financial system, that is, market integration and diversification, can actually drive it towards instability, as they contribute to create cyclical structures which tend to amplify financial distress, thereby undermining systemic stability and making large crises more likely. Read More

    Characteristics and Triage of Children Presenting in Mental Health Crisis to Emergency Departments at Detroit Regional Hospitals.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Feb 18. Epub 2017 Feb 18.
    From the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.
    Objectives: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization. Read More

    Body Mass Index and the Association With Vaso-occlusive Crises in Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease.
    J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    *Einstein Healthcare Network †St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Drexel University ‡Department of Pediatrics, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA.
    Background: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) historically have been underweight and have poor overall growth. Recent studies have demonstrated a trend toward obesity in pediatric SCD populations.

    Materials And Methods: Through retrospective chart review of patients with SCD followed at our center, we collected patient's data, including body mass index (BMI), weight percentiles, sickle cell genotype, baseline hemoglobin, medical and psychiatric comorbidities, 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, treatment with hydroxyurea, and chronic transfusions. Read More

    Dental care coverage and income-related inequalities in foregone dental care in Europe during the great recession.
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2017 Feb 21. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    NOVA, Centre for Welfare and Labour Research, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Objectives: This study examines income inequalities in foregone dental care in 23 European countries during the years with global economic crisis. Associations between dental care coverage from public health budgets or social insurance, and income-related inequalities in perceived access to dental care, are analysed.

    Methods: Survey data 2008-2013 from 23 countries were combined with country data on macro-economic conditions and coverage for dental care. Read More

    Treating cognitive impairment with transcranial low level laser therapy.
    J Photochem Photobiol B 2017 Feb 13;168:149-155. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, Austin, TX 78712-0187, United States. Electronic address:
    This report examines the potential of low level laser therapy (LLLT) to alter brain cell function and neurometabolic pathways using red or near infrared (NIR) wavelengths transcranially for the prevention and treatment of cognitive impairment. Although laser therapy on human tissue has been used for a number of medical conditions since the late 1960s, it is only recently that several clinical studies have shown its value in raising neurometabolic energy levels that can improve cerebral hemodynamics and cognitive abilities in humans. The rationale for this approach, as indicated in this report, is supported by growing evidence that neurodegenerative damage and cognitive impairment during advanced aging is accelerated or triggered by a neuronal energy crisis generated by brain hypoperfusion. Read More

    Hot topics in reactive oxygen therapy: antimicrobial and immunological mechanisms, safety and clinical applications.
    J Glob Antimicrob Resist 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    University of Hull, Hull, UK.
    Reactive oxygen species (ROS), when combined with various delivery mechanisms, has the potential to become a powerful novel therapeutic agent against difficult-to-treat infections, especially those involving biofilm. It is important in the context of the global antibiotic resistance crisis. ROS is rapidly active in vitro against all Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria tested. Read More

    Municipal household solid waste fee based on an increasing block pricing model in Beijing, China.
    Waste Manag Res 2017 Mar 15;35(3):228-235. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    3 Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.
    This article aims to design an increasing block pricing model to estimate the waste fee with the consideration of the goals and principles of municipal household solid waste pricing. The increasing block pricing model is based on the main consideration of the per capita disposable income of urban residents, household consumption expenditure, production rate of waste disposal industry, and inflation rate. The empirical analysis is based on survey data of 5000 households in Beijing, China. Read More

    Enhancing Resilience in Active Duty Military Personnel.
    J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2017 Feb;55(2):44-48
    A systematic, evidence-based training program to support active duty military personnel through building unit-level resiliency in preparation for anticipated individual times of crisis is needed. Mental health nurses and social workers in the military possess critical training and expertise in identifying and supporting individual and community resilience factors. Their knowledge of the protective aspects of resilience can and should be used to educate all active duty military personnel, ensure military leaders are knowledgeable in how best to support their units, and provide research on the effectiveness of pre-combat resilience training. Read More

    Transcriptome-Level Signatures in Gene Expression and Gene Expression Variability during Bacterial Adaptive Evolution.
    mSphere 2017 Jan-Feb;2(1). Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA; BioFrontiers Institute, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
    Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are an increasingly serious public health concern, as strains emerge that demonstrate resistance to almost all available treatments. One factor that contributes to the crisis is the adaptive ability of bacteria, which exhibit remarkable phenotypic and gene expression heterogeneity in order to gain a survival advantage in damaging environments. This high degree of variability in gene expression across biological populations makes it a challenging task to identify key regulators of bacterial adaptation. Read More

    Is small town India falling into the nutritional trap of metro cities? A study in school-going adolescents.
    J Family Med Prim Care 2016 Jul-Sep;5(3):581-586
    Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Introduction: There has been an increasing secular trend in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in developing countries. The prevalence reported among children and adolescents of some metro cities in India are comparable to that in some developed countries. Westernization of culture, rapid mushrooming of fast food joints, lack of physical activity, and increasing sedentary pursuits in the metro cities are some of the reasons implicated for this. Read More

    Septo-optic dysplasia/de Morsier's syndrome.
    Saudi J Anaesth 2017 Jan-Mar;11(1):106-107
    Department of Anesthesia, São João Hospital Centre, Porto, Portugal; Department of Anesthesia, Medical Faculty, Oporto University, Porto, Portugal.
    Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD)/de Morsier's syndrome is characterized by optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary endocrine dysfunction, and midline brain abnormalities. Hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, and adrenal insufficiency can lead to severe hypoglycemia, adrenal crisis, seizures, and sudden death. Anesthetic management of SOD was associated with high perioperative mortality. Read More

    The Current Global State of Key Lifestyle Characteristics: Health and Economic Implications.
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Tasmania, Launceston, TAS, Australia. Electronic address:
    The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. Read More

    The spatiotemporal variation analysis of virtual water for agriculture and livestock husbandry: A study for Jilin Province in China.
    Sci Total Environ 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China. Electronic address:
    With the rapid development of economic, water crisis is becoming more and more serious and would be an important obstacle to the sustainable development of society. Virtual water theory and its applications in agriculture can provide important strategies for realizing the reasonable utilization and sustainable development of water resources. Using the Penman-Monteith model and Theil index combining the CROPWAT software, this work takes Jilin Province as study area quantifying the virtual water content of agriculture and livestock husbandry and giving a comprehensive evaluation of their spatiotemporal structure evolution. Read More

    Altered mental status in the emergency department - Can an electrocardiogram show the right way to go?
    J Electrocardiol 2017 Feb 2. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Einstein Medical Center, Department of Cardiology, Philadelphia, PA; Sidney Kimmel College of Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    A 38-year-old African American male patient with a past medical history of human immunodeficiency virus and schizophrenia who was noncompliant with medications presented to the emergency department (ED) after activation of the local crisis response center for altered mental status. Upon arrival he was lethargic and uncooperative, unable to provide any significant details apart from pleuritic chest pain. His blood pressure was 133/88 mmHg, heart rate 43 beats per minute and initial body temperature 36. Read More

    When high pressure, system constraints, and a social justice mission collide: A socio-structural analysis of emergency department social work services.
    Soc Sci Med 2017 Feb 11;178:104-114. Epub 2017 Feb 11.
    University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, United States.
    The emergency department (ED) can be a critical intervention point for many patients with multifaceted needs. Social workers have long been part of interdisciplinary ED teams. This study aimed to contribute to the limited understanding of social worker-patient interactions and factors influencing social work services in this setting. Read More

    Training Health Professionals to Deliver Healthy Living Medicine.
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Feb 15. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
    The growing incidence and prevalence of unhealthy living behaviors leading to compromised health, along with unhealthy supportive environments, are the primary reasons for the current chronic disease crisis in almost all countries. Over the course of health professions training across disciplines, a large amount about information regarding various aspects of chronic disease is introduced, from pathophysiology to a broad array of approaches to examinations (focused on diagnosis and prognosis) and interventions. Currently, a late primary or secondary prevention focus is the primary educational approach in the health professions. Read More

    Prescription profile of pyridostigmine use in a population of patients with myasthenia gravis.
    Muscle Nerve 2017 Feb 18. Epub 2017 Feb 18.
    Grupo de Investigación en Farmacoepidemiología y Farmacovigilancia, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira - Audifarma S.A. Pereira, Colombia, South America.
    Introduction: We determined the pyridostigmine prescription pattern in a population of patients with myasthenia gravis.

    Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done using a prescription database of 3.5 million individuals from which patients diagnosed with myasthenia gravis (MG) and for whom pyridostigmine was prescribed. Read More

    Towards developing criteria for scleroderma renal crisis: A scoping review.
    Autoimmun Rev 2017 Feb 14. Epub 2017 Feb 14.
    Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Objective: The absence of a gold standard for scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) has hindered our understanding of this problem. The objective of this scoping review was to identify the criteria used to define SRC in order to guide the development of a consensus definition for SRC.

    Methods: We conducted a search in three databases: Medline, Embase and non-Ovid Pubmed. Read More

    Pharmacy Benefit Management Companies: Do They Create Value in the US Healthcare System?
    Pharmacoeconomics 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Henry A. Rosenberg Professor of Government, Business, and Nonprofit Partnerships, College of Public Affairs, University of Baltimore, 1420 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.
    Pharmacy benefit management companies (PBMs) perform functions in the US market-based healthcare system that may be performed by public agencies or quasi-public institutions in other nations. By aggregating lives covered under their many individual contracts with payers, PBMs have formidable negotiating power. They influence pharmaceutical insurance coverage, design the terms of coverage in a plan's drug benefit, and create competition among providers for inclusion in a plan's network. Read More

    [Risk management in anesthesia and critical care medicine].
    Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Anästhesiologie und Intensivtherapie, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus, 01307, Dresden, Deutschland.
    Throughout its history, anesthesia and critical care medicine has experienced vast improvements to increase patient safety. Consequently, anesthesia has never been performed on such a high level as it is being performed today. As a result, we do not always fully perceive the risks involved in our daily activity. Read More

    Autophagy, Metabolism, and Cancer.
    Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903.
    Macroautophagy (autophagy hereafter) is a process that collects cytoplasmic components, particularly mitochondria, and degrades them in lysosomes. In mammalian systems, basal autophagy levels are normally low but are profoundly stimulated by starvation and essential for survival. Cancer cells up-regulate autophagy and can be more autophagy-dependent than most normal tissues. Read More

    Why has mortality in England and Wales been increasing? An iterative demographic analysis.
    J R Soc Med 2017 Jan 1:141076817693599. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    1 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK.
    Objectives To understand why mortality increased in England and Wales in 2015. Design Iterative demographic analysis. Setting England and Wales Participants Population of England and Wales. Read More

    Leaking Containers: Success and Failure in Controlling the Mosquito Aedes aegypti in Brazil.
    Am J Public Health 2017 Feb 16:e1-e8. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Ilana Löwy is with CERMES 3 INSERM, CNRS, EHESS, Universite Paris V, France.
    In 1958, the Pan American Health Organization declared that Brazil had successfully eradicated the mosquito Aedes aegypti, responsible for the transmission of yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya, and Zika virus. Yet in 2016 the Brazilian minister of health described the situation of dengue fever as "catastrophic." Discussing the recent epidemic of Zika virus, which amplified the crisis produced by the persistence of dengue fever, Brazil's president declared in January 2016 that "we are in the process of losing the war against the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Read More

    The Infectious Disease Manpower Crisis: Finding the Cure.
    Tex Med 2017 Feb 1;113(2):60-62. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    The challenges of infectious diseases, including new pathogens, dangerous outbreaks, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and the perils of international travel have never been more publically appreciated. These challenges require a well-trained workforce of infectious disease specialists. Just when the need appears to be greatest, however, the interest in infectious diseases among today's young physicians is at its lowest point. Read More

    The Growing Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance.
    Tex Med 2017 Feb 1;113(2):48-52. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    The emergence and widespread dissemination of multidrug-resistant organisms is considered one of the three most important public health threats for humankind in the 21st century and jeopardizes the practice of modern medicine. Failure to tackle this problem in a comprehensive fashion could result in a dire post-antibiotic era, impairing the future development of treatments against important diseases, such as cancer, and transplant medicine, among others. Here, we provide a global perspective of the problem and describe some of the most important antibiotic-resistant organisms affecting the health of our patients. Read More

    [Sex Differences of Perceived Health before and During the Economic Crisis (2007 and 2011). Spain].
    Rev Esp Salud Publica 2017 Feb 16;91. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Granada. Granada. España.
    Objective: Several studies show the association between economic crises, unemployment and health income. However, it is necessary to differentiate their impact according to gender. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect that the economic crisis, unemployment and income may have had on the perceived health of men and women in Spain. Read More

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