53,709 results match your criteria Myxedema Coma or Crisis


Contemplating Our Maternity Care Crisis in the United States: Reflections of an Obstetrician Anesthesiologist.

Authors:
Peter G Pryde

Anesth Analg 2019 May;128(5):1036-1041

From the Madison Anesthesiology Consultants, LLP, UnityPoint Health-Meriter Hospital; and Department of Anesthesiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000004026DOI Listing

New Persistent Opioid Use Following Common Forefoot Procedures for the Treatment of Hallux Valgus.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Apr;101(8):722-729

Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (F.T.F, T.D.G., P.G.T., and J.R.H.), Surgery (H.M.H. and J.F.W.), and Anesthesiology (C.M.B.), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: Orthopaedic surgeons are the fourth highest on the list of top prescribers of opioid analgesics by specialty and have a direct impact on opioid-related morbidity in the United States. Operative bunion correction is one of the most commonly performed elective foot surgical procedures in this country. We sought to determine the rate of new persistent opioid use following exposure to opioids after surgical treatment of hallux valgus (bunionectomy) and to identify associated risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00793DOI Listing

Angiopoietin-2 as a Marker of Retinopathy in Children and Adolescents With Sickle Cell Disease: Relation to Subclinical Atherosclerosis.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Departments of Pediatric.

Objectives: Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is a multifaceted cytokine that functions in both angiogenesis and inflammation. A proangiogenic state has been found in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), mainly because of elevated Ang-2 levels. We determined Ang-2 level in 40 children and adolescents with SCD compared with 40 healthy controls and assessed its relation to retinopathy as well as carotid intimamedia thickness (CIMT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001486DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Innovative Law and Policy Responses to the Opioid Crisis.

J Law Med Ethics 2019 Mar;47(1):173-176

James G. Hodge, Jr., J.D., LL.M., is Professor of Public Health Law and Ethics; Director, Center for Public Health Law and Policy (CPHLP), Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, Arizona State University (ASU); Chelsea L. Gulinson, J.D., is Research Scholar, CHPLP, Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, ASU; Leila Barraza, J.D., M.P.H., is Assistant Professor, Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona; Haley R. Augur, Michelle Castagne, Ashley Cheff, Drew Hensley, Madeline Sobek, and Adina Weisberg, are Legal Researchers, CPHLP, and J.D. Candidates, Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, ASU.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073110519840498DOI Listing

Household food insecurity and socio-demographic determinants in young adults: findings from a Portuguese population-based sample.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Taipas, nº 135, 4050-600, Porto, Portugal.

Objectives: This study evaluated the prevalence and the socio-demographic determinants of food insecurity among young adults at a time of economic crisis recovery.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 954 young adults (26 years old) from the EPITeen cohort (Porto, Portugal) was conducted. Food security status was evaluated using the US Household Food Security Survey Module: Six-Item Short Form. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01243-yDOI Listing

The unethicality of doping in sports.

Clin Ter 2019 Mar-Apr;170(2):e100-e101

School of Law, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy.

Performance enhancing drug use in sport arguably constitutes a crisis, and as such, targeted measures are needed in order to stem it. Substance abuse in professional sports and competitions has besmirched many world-class athletes' reputations and standing, in addition to jeopardizing their health. Furthermore, there are many instances of amateur athletes and school-aged competitors who have taken to using such substances as well, significantly exacerbating the overall picture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7417/CT.2019.2117DOI Listing

Disaster journalism: fostering citizen and community disaster mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and resilience across the disaster cycle.

Disasters 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

MA, is Assistant News Director at KBIA (a National Public Radio-member station) at the School of Journalism, University of Missouri, United States.

Natural and human-caused disasters pose a significant risk to the health and well-being of people. Journalists and news organisations can fulfil multiple roles related to disasters, ranging from providing warnings, assessing disaster mitigation and preparedness, and reporting on what occurs, to aiding long-term recovery and fostering disaster resilience. This paper considers these possible functions of disaster journalism and draws on semi-structured interviews with 24 journalists in the United States to understand better their approach to the discipline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/disa.12352DOI Listing

Rh phenotype caused by a novel RHAG mutation, c.945+1G>A, in the Japanese population.

Transfusion 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Transfusion Medicine, Cell Therapy and Regenerative Medicine, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

Background: The Rh complex contributes to cell membrane structural integrity of erythrocytes. Rh syndrome is characterized by the absence of the Rh antigen on the erythrocyte membrane, resulting in chronic hemolytic anemia. We recently came across 3 Rh phenotype probands within two families with the same novel RHAG mutation in the Japanese population. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/trf.15312
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/trf.15312DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Screening pipeline for Flavivirus based Inhibitors for Zika Virus NS1.

IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

In-silico pipeline is applied for identifying and designing novel inhibitors against ZIKV NS1 protein. Comparative molecular docking studies are performed to explore the binding of structurally diverse compounds to ZIKV NS1 by AutoDock/Vina and GOLD. The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus, responsible for life-threatening infections and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes in other organisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TCBB.2019.2911081DOI Listing
April 2019
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Migration of Latin American nurses to Spain 2006-2016: a case study.

Int Nurs Rev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Aim: To examine the migration of nurses from Latin America to Spain over the period from 2006 to 2016.

Background: This study examines the impact of the 2008 global economic crisis on migration flows of nurses to Spain from its major source countries of Latin America.

Methods: Using an exploratory case study, we present original data provided by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport of the Government of Spain upon request on applications and success rates for credential recognition of nurses intending to immigrate to Spain, with an extended analysis of Latin American applications which account for the 70% of skilled worker migration to Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inr.12511DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Resolution of a complex crisis at DNA 3' termini.

Authors:
Shan Yan

Nat Struct Mol Biol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41594-019-0215-0DOI Listing
April 2019
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Physiological stress levels in wild koala sub-populations facing anthropogenic induced environmental trauma and disease.

Authors:
Edward Narayan

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 15;9(1):6031. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, New South Wales, 2751, Australia.

Australian small mammals such as koalas must cope with immense pressure from anthropogenic induced stressors or trauma such as bushfires, vehicle collision impacts and habitat disturbance and land clearance. In addition, they must cope with diseases such as chlamydia. To date, there is no published literature on physiological stress levels in wild koala populations compared with identified environmental stressors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42448-8DOI Listing

Characterizing the cultural niches of North American birds.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850;

Efforts to mitigate the current biodiversity crisis require a better understanding of how and why humans value other species. We use Internet query data and citizen science data to characterize public interest in 621 bird species across the United States. We estimate the relative popularity of different birds by quantifying how frequently people use Google to search for species, relative to the rates at which they are encountered in the environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1820670116DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Making of an Addiction: Examining Psychological Determinants of Prescription Stimulant Abuse among College Students.

Health Commun 2019 Apr 16:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a Department of Communication , Texas A&M University.

Diagnoses of attention-deficit-disorders and stimulant prescriptions to treat these disorders (e.g., Adderall) are on the rise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2019.1598743DOI Listing

Direct Observation of Filling Process and Porosity Prediction in High Pressure Die Casting.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;12(7). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Chongqing Changan Automobile Co., Ltd., Chongqing 400023, China.

Although numerical simulation accuracy makes progress rapidly, it is in an insufficient phase because of complicated phenomena of the filling process and difficulty of experimental verification in high pressure die casting (HPDC), especially in thin-wall complex die-castings. Therefore, in this paper, a flow visualization experiment is conducted, and the porosity at different locations is predicted under three different fast shot velocities. The differences in flow pattern between the actual filling process and the numerical simulation are compared. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/12/7/1099
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12071099DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Leukemia Blast Crisis: A Simulation Case for Residents.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Nov 18;12:10504. Epub 2016 Nov 18.

Emergency Medicine Resident, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Introduction: Oncologic emergencies are life-threatening and often require advanced team-management skills as well as a mastery of disease processes and therapeutic interventions. Simulation of an oncologic emergency case is a useful way to experience, reflect on, and practice these skills. This case involving a simulated patient in blast crisis was created as part of our Emergency Medicine (EM) Resident Simulation Curriculum at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10504DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440397PMC
November 2016

Health Education for Women and Children: A Community-Engaged Mutual Learning Curriculum for Health Trainees.

MedEdPORTAL 2016 Nov 3;12:10492. Epub 2016 Nov 3.

Instructor, Research Associate, and Program Director, Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine.

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects the physical and psychological health of survivors and their children; however, to our knowledge, no comprehensive health curriculum exists for this population. As a partnership between a transitional housing program (THP) and an academic medical center, we developed a health education curriculum for female IPV survivors using the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR).

Methods: After partnering with a community-based organization, and recruiting participants (IPV survivors), the curriculum is then taught by health trainees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10492DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440431PMC
November 2016

Wildfires in the wildland-urban interface in Catalonia: Vulnerability analysis based on land use and land cover change.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 4;673:184-196. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.

The crisis in traditional forest and farming activities that began in the second half of the 20th century has given way to a new territorial structure, characterised by greater forest density and an acceleration of urban sprawl, which has affected the impact of fires on the territory and especially on the inhabitants. The increased vulnerability of homes located at the wildland-urban interface (WUI) and the differences in the intensity of fire impact makes it necessary to identify different typologies of WUI zones. Characterization of WUI typologies was based on four forest fires with distinct characteristics, selected from fires that occurred in Catalonia in 2003 and 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.012DOI Listing

Intracerebral matrix metalloproteinase 9 in fatal diabetic ketoacidosis.

Exp Mol Pathol 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Neurology, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

There is increasing awareness that in addition to the metabolic crisis of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) caused by severe insulin deficiency, the immune inflammatory response is likely an active multicomponent participant in both the acute and chronic insults of this medical crisis, with strong evidence of activation for both the cytokine and complement system. Recent studies report that the matrix metalloproteinase enzymes and their inhibitors are systemically activated in young Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) patients during DKA and speculate on their involvement in blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption. Based on our previous studies, we address the question if matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) is expressed in the brain in the fatal brain edema (BE) of DKA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexmp.2019.04.008DOI Listing

Recurring Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a patient with polymyositis/systemic sclerosis overlap syndrome triggered by scleroderma renal crisis.

Eur J Rheumatol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of General Internal Medicine, Akashi Medical Center, Akashi, Japan.

In posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) triggered by scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), modulation and adherence in immunosuppressive therapy are key for avoiding recurrence, complications, and death. A patient with polymyositis (PM)/systemic sclerosis (SSc) overlap syndrome developed PRES triggered by SRC. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case with PRES associated with PM/SSc overlap syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurjrheum.2019.18137DOI Listing

Effect of Silicified Degree on Silica/Silicic Acid Binding Cd(Ⅱ) and Its Mechanism.

J Phys Chem A 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Heavy metal pollution in farmland soil reduces crop yield and quality, and also potentially causes the crisis to human health. Formerly, the fact that silicon fertilizer could effectively reduce the residual concentration of heavy metal in crops have been identified at the tissue level. In this paper, molecular dynamics simulation was employed to investigate the effects of the silicified degree of silicic acids [namely the molar ratio of Si(OH)4 and SiO2] on the Cd(Ⅱ) bound in the aspect of radial distribution functions and mean square displacements. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpca.9b00823
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.9b00823DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Enterovirus D68 Causing Acute Respiratory Infection: Clinical Characteristics and Differences With Acute Respiratory Infections Associated With Enterovirus Non-D68.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

From the Microbiology Service, Hospital Universitario Donostia-Biodonostia Health Research Institute.

Background: Enterovirus (EV) D68 is mainly associated with acute respiratory infection (ARI). Since 2014, when outbreaks in different countries were observed, this emerging virus was considered a potential threat to public health.

Methods: During 2015-2017, the presence of enterovirus RNA was investigated in all respiratory samples of children younger than 15 years of age with ARI, obtained for virologic studies in the Pediatric Emergency Care Units and wards of 2 hospitals in Gipuzkoa (Spain), using a commercial multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002289DOI Listing

Opioid Use Disorder in Children and Adolescents: Risk Factors, Detection, and Treatment.

Clin J Pain 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO.

Opioid medications are an important tool in the management of pain and have been used in clinical practice for centuries. However, due to the highly addictive nature of this class of medications coupled with the life-threatening side effect of respiratory depression, opioid misuse has become a significant public health crisis worldwide. Children and adolescents are at risk for opioid misuse, and early detection is imperative to facilitate treatment and improve outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000708DOI Listing

Opioids in the Management of Acute Pediatric Pain: An Update in a Time of Crisis.

Clin J Pain 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Management of acute pain in children is fundamental to our practice. Its myriad benefits include reduced suffering, improved patient satisfaction, more rapid recovery, and a reduced risk of developing postsurgical chronic pain. Although a multimodal analgesic approach is now routinely used, informed and judicious use of opioid receptor agonists remains crucial in this treatment paradigm, as long as the benefits and risks are fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000709DOI Listing

Opioid-prescribing Patterns for Pediatric Patients in the United States.

Clin J Pain 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA.

Background And Objectives: The opioid crisis in America affects both adults and children. However, knowledge about the epidemiology of the opioid crisis, opioid prescribing patterns, and the link between opioid prescribing and problematic opioid behaviors remain limited. Thus, children are often excluded from health care policies and guidelines aimed at curbing the opioid crises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000707DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Antibiotic adjuvants: an alternative approach to overcome multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Apr 15:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a College of Veterinary Medicine , Yangzhou University , Yangzhou , Jiangsu , China.

Antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative pathogens has emerged and constituted a global crisis, thereby novel antibiotics and other anti-infective strategies are urgently needed. However, the growing gap between clinical need and drug innovation, coupled with the membrane permeability barrier in Gram-negative bacteria restricts the discovery of Gram-negative antibiotics. Antibiotic adjuvants approach provides an alternative and complementary strategy for new antibiotic discovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1599813DOI Listing

Targeted antibiotic discovery through biosynthesis-associated resistance determinants: target directed genome mining.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Apr 15:1-23. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

c Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Facultad de Ciencias Marinas , Ensenada , Baja California , México.

Intense competition between microbes in the environment has directed the evolution of antibiotic production in bacteria. Humans have harnessed these natural molecules for medicinal purposes, magnifying them from environmental concentrations to industrial scale. This increased exposure to antibiotics has amplified antibiotic resistance across bacteria, spurring a global antimicrobial crisis and a search for antibiotics with new modes of action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1590307DOI Listing

Trajectories of School Recovery After a Natural Disaster: Risk and Protective Factors.

Risk Hazards Crisis Public Policy 2019 Mar 25;10(1):32-51. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Georgia State University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rhc3.12158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456061PMC

Revisiting the Relevance of Community Medicine in Undergraduate Medical Curriculum.

Authors:
Anand Krishnan

Indian J Community Med 2019 Jan-Mar;44(1):9-11

Centre for Community Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

There have been attempts recently to bring clarity as to the role/functions of the discipline of community medicine. Debates on whether community medicine is a discipline in itself and if so is it a clinical discipline has been there for decades across the world. As the departments of community medicine do not exclusively teach any clinical skill to undergraduate or postgraduates, it is difficult to argue that our discipline is a clinical discipline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_241_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437801PMC

Community Pharmacist Utilization of Legislation That Allows Impact on the Opioid Crisis in the State of Minnesota: A Mixed-Methods Approach.

J Pharm Pract 2019 Apr 14:897190019841747. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

1 Department of Pharmacy Practice and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, Duluth, MN, USA.

Background: As opioid overdose deaths climb, legislation supporting pharmacists in developing their role to address the crisis has expanded. Although Minnesota pharmacists are encouraged to utilize opiate antagonist, syringe access and authorized collector legislation, the use patterns of these tools are unknown.

Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used to survey 8405 Minnesota-licensed pharmacists on their practices related to the opioid crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0897190019841747DOI Listing

[Headache in children: treatment of the crisis or preventive].

Rev Prat 2019 Feb;69(2):e46

Service de neuropédiatrie, hôpital Salengro, CHRU, 59037 Lille Cedex, France.

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February 2019
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[Repair of soft tissue defect of fingers with modified arterialized venous flap].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;33(4):475-478

Department of Hand Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong Jiangsu, 226001,

Objective: To summarize the effectiveness of modified arterialized venous flaps in repairing soft tissue defect of fingers.

Methods: Between January 2017 and April 2018, 16 patients with soft defects of fingers were treated. There were 12 males and 4 females, with an average age of 41 years (range, 24-74 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201811114DOI Listing

[Repair of skin and soft tissue defects in extremities with the superior lateral genicular artery perforator flap].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;33(4):467-470

Department of Hand and Microsurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha Hunan, 410008, P.R.China.

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the superior lateral genicular artery perforator flap for repairing of soft tissue defects in extremities.

Methods: Between September 2010 and October 2017, 11 cases of skin and soft tissue in extremities were repaired with the superior lateral genicular artery perforator flap. There were 10 males and 1 female, with an average age of 37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201811103DOI Listing

The roots of the taxonomic impediment: Is the 'integrativeness' a remedy?

Authors:
Maxim V Vinarski

Integr Zool 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Laboratory of Macroecology & Biogeography of Invertebrates, Saint-Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya Emb., 199034, Russia.

The use of the 'integrative approach' to classification of organisms since its formal establishing in 2005 has became a recurrent theme of zoosystematics. A bibliometric survey of the publications on integrative taxonomy of animals, which is aimed at exploring the most popular areas of research and characterizing the practical systematists' attitudes to this new approach, is presented. An analysis of 582 papers, appeared between 2005 and 2017 in journals indexed by Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection, has illustrated the gradual growth of popularity of the integrative taxonomy as well as some biases in representation of higher taxa in 'integrated' studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1749-4877.12393DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Behavioral preference for viewing drug v. pleasant images predicts current and future opioid misuse among chronic pain patients.

Psychol Med 2019 Apr 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

University of Utah Center on Mindfulness and Integrative Health Intervention Development,Salt Lake City, UT.

Background: The USA is currently enduring an opioid crisis. Identifying cost-effective, easy-to-implement behavioral measures that predict treatment outcomes in opioid misusers is a crucial scientific, therapeutic, and epidemiological goal.

Methods: The current study used a mixed cross-sectional and longitudinal design to test whether a behavioral choice task, previously validated in stimulant users, was associated with increased opioid misuse severity at baseline, and whether it predicted change in opioid misuse severity at follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719000461DOI Listing

Longitudinal Fluctuations of National Help-Seeking Reports for Domestic Violence Before, During, and After the Financial Crisis in Cyprus.

J Interpers Violence 2019 Apr 13:886260519843278. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

5 Association for the Prevention and Handling of Violence in the Family, Cyprus.

Although many studies generally agree that unemployment may affect domestic violence, little is known about these effects in small nations. The relationship between unemployment and domestic violence in large and small nations may be different. This is because small nations have more expensive public sectors and limited employment opportunities in comparison with larger nations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260519843278DOI Listing

The Gastric Migration Crisis in Obesity Surgery.

Authors:
Norbert Runkel

Obes Surg 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Head of the Department of Obesity and Metabolic Surgery, Center of Excellence, Sana Klinikum Offenbach, Starkenburgring 66, 63069, Offenbach, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03872-xDOI Listing

Comments on the Letter to the Editor "The Gastric Migration Crisis in Obesity Surgery".

Obes Surg 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Surgery, Division of General Surgery, Vienna Medical University, Währinger Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03874-9DOI Listing

A potential role for the gut microbiome in substance use disorders.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Nash Family Department of Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Pathological substance use disorders represent a major public health crisis with limited effective treatment options. While much work has been done to understand the neuronal signaling networks and intracellular signaling cascades associated with prolonged drug use, these studies have yielded few successful treatment options for substance use disorders. In recent years, there has been a growing interest to explore interactions between the peripheral immune system, the gut microbiome, and the CNS. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00213-019-05232-0
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-019-05232-0DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Challenges for immigrant health in the USA-the road to crisis.

Lancet 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation, New York, NY, USA; Departments of Population Health and Medicine, New York University Langone Health, New York, NY, USA.

The USA is home to more immigrants than any other country-about 46 million, just less than a fifth of the world's immigrants. Immigrant health and access to health care in the USA varies widely by ethnicity, citizenship, and legal status. In recent decades, several policy and regulatory changes have worsened health-care quality and access for immigrant populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30035-2DOI Listing

Models of care for opioid dependent pregnant women.

Semin Perinatol 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

UNC Horizons Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 410 North Greensboro St, Suite 220, Carrboro, NC, 27510, USA. Electronic address:

As the opioid crisis continues to exist in the United States, opioid use in pregnancy is becoming a more common occurrence. Left untreated, it may result in an increased risk for adverse outcomes for both the mother and her unborn child. Unfortunately, women with opioid use disorders often face numerous barriers when trying to access prenatal care services including limited availability or treatment options, stigma, legal consequences, co-morbid psychiatric disorders, and trauma exposure. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01460005193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semperi.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

"It's not something you talk about really": information barriers encountered by women who travel long distances for abortion care.

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Guttmacher Institute in New York.

Objective: For individuals traveling significant distances for time-sensitive abortion care, accurate information about service options and locations is critical, but little is known regarding information barriers that individuals may encounter and strategies for circumventing these barriers.

Study Design: In early 2015, we conducted in-depth interviews with 29 patients who had traveled for abortion care at six facilities in Michigan and New Mexico. We identified information-related barriers that respondents encountered in understanding their pregnancy options and/or where to obtain an abortion between the time of pregnancy discovery, including any contact with a crisis pregnancy center, to the day of the abortion procedure through inductive and deductive analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.048DOI Listing

[Organised neighbourhood support during extreme weather events in rural areas : Using the "volunteers on-site system" to strategically adapt to crisis situations caused by climate change].

Authors:
Holger Schach

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Regionalmanagement Nordhessen GmbH, Ständeplatz 13, 34117, Kassel, Deutschland.

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. The impacts are globally and regionally visible through more and more frequent extreme weather events, be they devastating storms, longer periods of cold and heat or prolonged periods of drought alternating with heavy rain and flooding. In addition to the urgent need for climate change mitigation, therefore, the question has been raised for some time as to which measures cities and municipalities, rural districts and regions can use to prepare themselves against the consequences of climate change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00103-019-02936-8DOI Listing

Impact of underlying chronic adrenal insufficiency on clinical course of hospitalized patients with adrenal crisis: A nationwide cohort study.

Eur J Intern Med 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto University, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Chronic adrenal insufficiency (AI) is an established risk factor for adrenal crisis (AC). However, the proportion of patients with newly diagnosed chronic AI during admission for AC is unclear.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study used a Japanese claims database involving 7. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09536205193010
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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