41 results match your criteria Myofascial Pain in Athletes

Time to return to full training and recurrence of rectus femoris injuries in elite track and field athletes 2010-2019; a 9-year study using the British Athletics Muscle Injury Classification.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2022 Jul 31;32(7):1109-1118. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

University College London, London, UK.

Rectus femoris (RF) injuries are common in sports requiring maximal acceleration and sprinting. The British Athletics Muscle Injury Classification (BAMIC) describes acute muscle injury based on the anatomical site of injury and has been associated with return to play in hamstring and calf muscle injury. The aim of this study was to describe and compare the time to return to full training (TRFT) and injury recurrence for BAMIC-classified RF injuries sustained by elite track and field (T&F) athletes over a 9-year period. Read More

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Effects of Dry Needling in Teres Major Muscle in Elite Handball Athletes. A Randomised Controlled Trial.

J Clin Med 2021 Sep 20;10(18). Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Surgery, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Valladolid, 42004 Soria, Spain.

: To determine the effects of dry needling (DN) in active myofascial trigger points in the teres major muscle compared to an untreated control group in pain during throwing actions, shoulder range of motion (ROM), strength, and extensibility of the tissues in professional handball (HB) athletes. : A randomised, single-blinded, controlled clinical trial was designed. Thirty HB athletes with shoulder pain were randomly assigned to the DN group ( = 15) or control group ( = 15). Read More

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September 2021

Acute Effects of Tecar Therapy on Skin Temperature, Ankle Mobility and Hyperalgesia in Myofascial Pain Syndrome in Professional Basketball Players: A Pilot Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 19;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Institute for Research on Musculoskeletal Disorders, Catholic University of Valencia, 46001 Valencia, Spain.

(1) Background: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a clinical condition characterized by localized non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain caused by myofascial trigger points. Diathermy or Tecar therapy (TT) is a form of noninvasive electro-thermal therapy classified as deep thermotherapy based on the application of electric currents. This technique is characterized by immediate effects, and its being used by high performance athletes. Read More

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Fascial therapy, strength exercises and taping in soccer players with recurrent ankle sprains: A randomized controlled trial.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2021 Jul 2;27:256-264. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Sport Sciences, European University of Madrid, Spain; Real Fundación Victoria Eugenia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: Recurrent ankle sprains are common in soccer players, characterized by restricted range of motion, pain, and decreased proprioception, strength, and postural control. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a fascial therapy and strength training program, combined with kinesiotaping, in improving ankle range of motion, pain, strength and stability in footballers with recurrent sprains.

Method: A simple blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on soccer players. Read More

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The influence of fascial manipulation on function, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and postural sway in individuals with chronic ankle instability.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2021 Jul 2;27:216-221. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Interdisciplinary Center for Craniofacial and Orofacial Pain Research. Department of Exercise and Sports Sciences, Manipal College of Health Professions, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India, 576 104. Electronic address:

Background: Proprioceptive deficits may attribute to functional Chronic ankle instability (CAI) with impairments in balance and postural control. Physical therapy interventions such as taping, bracing, manual therapy, and balance training play an essential role in managing ankle instabilities. Fascial Manipulation (FM) is a manual therapy technique considered to restore function by improving the joint range of motion and proprioception. Read More

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Electromyographic Assessment of the Efficacy of Deep Dry Needling versus the Ischemic Compression Technique in Gastrocnemius of Medium-Distance Triathletes.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 21;21(9). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Several studies have shown that gastrocnemius is frequently injured in triathletes. The causes of these injuries are similar to those that cause the appearance of the myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). The ischemic compression technique (ICT) and deep dry needling (DDN) are considered two of the main MPS treatment methods in latent myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). Read More

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Effects of self-myofascial release interventions with or without sliding pressures on skin temperature, range of motion and perceived well-being: a randomized control pilot trial.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2021 Apr 22;13(1):43. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire de Biologie de la Motricité EA 7424, F-69622, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.

Background: Self-myofascial release is an emerging technique in strength and conditioning. Yet, there is no consensus regarding optimal practice guidelines. Here, we investigated the acute effects of various foam rolling interventions targeting quadriceps muscles, with or without sliding pressures. Read More

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Trunk Injuries in Athletes.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2021 Mar;20(3):150-156

Department of PM&R, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Abstract: Trunk pain is a common cause of performance limitation and time away from sport in athletes. However, atraumatic trunk injuries are underrepresented in medical literature and underrecognized clinically. Delays in diagnosis and initiation of appropriate treatment can increase injury morbidity and return-to-play time. Read More

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Int J Sports Phys Ther 2020 Aug;15(4):579-592

Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Department of Athletic Training, School of Allied Health, 1111 W. 17 Street, Tulsa, OK 74107.

Background: Myofascial decompression (MFD), or cupping, and self-myofascial release (SMR) are common techniques utilized to treat soft tissue injuries and increase flexibility. MFD is a negative pressure soft tissue treatment technique using suction to manipulate the skin and underlying soft tissues. One method of SMR is a foam roller, where a patient rolls his/her bodyweight over a dense foam cylinder in a self-massaging fashion to mobilize soft tissues for the body part treated. Read More

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Influence of quantified dry cupping on soft tissue compliance in athletes with myofascial pain syndrome.

PLoS One 2020 19;15(11):e0242371. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Physical Therapy, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Purpose: This study aimed to develop a quantitative dry cupping system that can monitor negative pressure attenuation and soft tissue pull-up during cupping to quantify soft tissue compliance.

Methods: Baseball players with myofascial pain syndrome were recruited to validate the benefits of cupping therapy. Nine of 40 baseball players on the same team were diagnosed with trapezius myofascial pain syndrome; another nine players from the same team were recruited as controls. Read More

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January 2021

Neuroticism Traits and Anxiety Symptoms are Exhibited in Athletes With Chronic Gastrocnemius Myofascial Pain Syndrome.

J Strength Cond Res 2020 Dec;34(12):3377-3385

Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

San-Antolín, M, Rodríguez-Sanz, D, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, R, Losa-Iglesias, ME, Martínez-Jiménez, EM, López-López, D, and Calvo-Lobo, C. Neuroticism traits and anxiety symptoms are exhibited in athletes with chronic gastrocnemius myofascial pain syndrome. J Strength Cond Res 34(12): 3377-3385, 2020-Common psychological factors, such as anxiety or neurotic personality traits, seem to be associated with pain suffered by athletes. Read More

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December 2020

Neural Arch Bone Marrow Edema and Spondylolysis in Adolescent Cheerleaders: A Case Series.

J Chiropr Med 2019 Dec 3;18(4):335-342. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Radiology Department, Logan University, Chesterfield, Missouri.

Objective: Spondylolysis is 1 of the most common sources of low back pain in children and adolescents; however, there is still a great deal of confusion in regard to etiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic imaging findings. It is imperative for clinicians to recognize that persistent low back pain is strongly indicative of spondylolysis, especially in high-performance athletes. This case series demonstrates a comprehensive diagnostic spectrum of spondylolysis and its treatment in 2 competitive adolescent cheerleaders. Read More

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December 2019

Utilization of Botulinum Toxin for Musculoskeletal Disorders.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2020 Jun;19(6):217-222

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD.

Rehabilitation from musculoskeletal injuries is challenging with multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing athletes, conditions, and length of recovery. Multidisciplinary treatment strategies aim to address pathophysiology, mechanical, and psychosocial factors of injuries. An essential element in the recovery from musculoskeletal injuries is pain control and the return of physiologic function. Read More

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Sensory regulation and mechanical effects of sustained high intensity stretching of the anterior compartment of the thigh.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2020 Apr 27;24(2):18-25. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Le Gitalet, Route de La Vie Neuve, 39310, Septmoncel, France.

Background: Ballet dancers, contortionists, gymnasts, or other sportspeople spend long hours performing stretches while training. Although most studies on stretching consider fascia lengthening to be difficult, athletes manage to lengthen their fascia.

Aim: To assess the relationship between lengthening fascial structures of the anterior compartment of the thigh and the self-reported sensation of discomfort and pain during a sustained and repeated high intensity stretch. Read More

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The feasibility and impact of instrument-assisted manual therapy (IAMT) for the lower back on the structural and functional properties of the lumbar area in female soccer players: a randomised, placebo-controlled pilot study design.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2020 16;6:47. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

6Conservative and Rehabilitative Orthopaedics, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Myofascial (self-)treatments, such as foam rollers to therapeutic instruments in manual therapy, are utilized increasingly in prevention and therapy in healthy people, athletes, and patients suffering from chronic back pain. However, there is limited knowledge about the effectiveness of treatment and the underlying mechanisms of myofascial therapies, especially for instrument-assisted manual therapy (IAMT). Therefore, this pilot study will investigate the feasibility and impact of IAMT for the lumbar area compared with heat application and placebo treatment as a basis for calculating the sample size for further full studies. Read More

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Depression levels and symptoms in athletes with chronic gastrocnemius myofascial pain: A case-control study.

Phys Ther Sport 2020 May 10;43:166-172. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the influence of depression symptoms and levels in athletes with gastrocnemius myofascial pain with respect to healthy athletes. In addition, to determine a prediction model for kinesiophobia symptoms based on descriptive data and gastrocnemius myofascial pain presence.

Design: Secondary case-control. Read More

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Fear Avoidance Beliefs and Kinesiophobia Are Presented in Athletes who Suffer from Gastrocnemius Chronic Myofascial Pain.

Pain Med 2020 08;21(8):1626-1635

Research, Health and Podiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, Spain.

Objective: To compare and predict kinesiophobia and fear avoidance beliefs between athletes with gastrocnemius myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and healthy athletes.

Design: Case-control.

Setting: Outpatient clinic. Read More

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The prevalence of myofascial trigger points in hip and thigh areas in anterior knee pain patients.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2020 Jan 14;24(1):31-38. Epub 2019 May 14.

Department of Physical Therapy, Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Background: Anterior knee pain (AKP) is a widespread problem among young athletes and soldiers. There are many theories on the etiology of AKP but there is little reference to myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) as a possible contributor.

Aim: To evaluate the association between AKP and prevalence of active and latent MTrPs in the hip and thigh muscles in soldiers. Read More

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January 2020

Central Sensitization and Catastrophism Symptoms Are Associated with Chronic Myofascial Pain in the Gastrocnemius of Athletes.

Pain Med 2020 08;21(8):1616-1625

Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To compare central sensitization symptoms, presence of central sensitivity syndrome (CSS), catastrophism, rumination, magnification, and helplessness symptoms between athletes with gastrocnemius myofascial pain and healthy athletes. Furthermore, to predict central sensitization symptoms based on sociodemographic and descriptive data, catastrophism features, and presence of gastrocnemius myofascial pain in athletes.

Design: Case-control study. Read More

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Int J Sports Phys Ther 2019 Jun;14(3):468-486

Brisbane Hip Clinic, Queensland, Australia. School of Medicine, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Hip pathology is common amongst athletes and the general population. The mechanics of cycling have the potential to exacerbate symptomatic hip pathology and progress articular pathology in patients with morphologic risk factors such as femoroacetabular impingement. A professional fit of the bicycle to the individual which aims to optimize hip joint function can allow patients with hip pathology to exercise in comfort when alternative high impact exercise such as running may not be possible. Read More

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Effectiveness between Dry Needling and Ischemic Compression in the Triceps Surae Latent Myofascial Trigger Points of Triathletes on Pressure Pain Threshold and Thermography: A Single Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Clin Med 2019 Oct 5;8(10). Epub 2019 Oct 5.

Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid 28040 Spain.

Background: Deep dry needling (DDN) and ischemic compression technic (ICT) may be considered as interventions used for the treatment of Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) in latent myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). The immediate effectiveness of both DDN and ICT on pressure pain threshold (PPT) and skin temperature of the latent MTrPs of the triceps surae has not yet been determined, especially in athletes due to their treatment requirements during training and competition.

Objective: To compare the immediate efficacy between DDN and ICT in the latent MTrPs of triathletes considering PPT and thermography measurements. Read More

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October 2019

Effectiveness of Deep Dry Needling vs Ischemic Compression in the Latent Myofascial Trigger Points of the Shortened Triceps Surae from Triathletes on Ankle Dorsiflexion, Dynamic, and Static Plantar Pressure Distribution: A Clinical Trial.

Pain Med 2020 02;21(2):e172-e181

Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: To determine the immediate efficacy of a single session of deep dry needling (DDN) vs ischemic compression (ICT) in a latent myofascial trigger point (MTrP) of the shortened triceps surae from triathletes for ankle dorsiflexion and redistribution of plantar pressures and stability.

Design: A randomized simple blind clinical trial (NCT03273985).

Setting: An outpatient clinic. Read More

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February 2020

Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders in rugby players.

Gen Dent 2019 Jul-Aug;67(4):72-74

Rugby is played by more than 3 million people in over 100 countries on 5 continents. Playing rugby can result in 2-3 times more dental and facial trauma than American football or other contact sports. Facial trauma in sports has been associated with the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Read More

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December 2019

Immediate effects of self-myofascial release on latent trigger point sensitivity: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Biol Sport 2018 Dec 31;35(4):349-354. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Department of Sports Medicine, Frankfurt am Main.

Latent myofascial trigger points (MTrP) have been linked to several impairments of muscle function. The present study was conducted in order to examine whether a single bout of self-myofascial release using a foam roller is effective in reducing MTrP sensitivity. Fifty healthy, pain-free subjects (26. Read More

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December 2018

The effects of dry needling and radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy on latent trigger point sensitivity in the quadriceps: A randomised control pilot study.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2019 Jan 11;23(1):82-88. Epub 2018 Feb 11.

United Physiotherapy, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland.

Objectives: Latent myofascial trigger points (TrP) can alter joint kinematics, reduce strength and alter activation patterns, affecting athletic performance. TrP sensitivity can be measured with the pressure pain threshold (PPT). Dry needling (DN) has been used to treat latent TrPs, but may cause post-needling soreness. Read More

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January 2019

Interventions used for Rehabilitation and Prevention of Patellar Tendinopathy in athletes: a survey of Brazilian Sports Physical Therapists.

Braz J Phys Ther 2020 Jan - Feb;24(1):46-53. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Physical Therapy Department, Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil; Postgraduate Program of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil.

Objectives: (1) To identify the type and frequency of interventions used by Brazilian physical therapists to treat and prevent the occurrence of patellar tendinopathy in athletes and the criteria used to return to sport; (2) to compare the interventions used to the grade of recommendation of current evidence.

Methods: Design: cross-sectional study.

Setting: online survey throughout sports physical therapy association. Read More

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Changes in Muscle Stiffness of the Trapezius Muscle After Application of Ischemic Compression into Myofascial Trigger Points in Professional Basketball Players.

J Hum Kinet 2018 Sep 15;64:35-45. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Sport Science, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw; Wrocław, Poland.

The study aimed to assess the effects of compression trigger point therapy on the stiffness of the trapezius muscle in professional basketball players (Part A), and the reliability of the MyotonPRO device in clinical evaluation of athletes (Part B). Twelve professional basketball players participated in Part A of the study (mean age: 19.8 ± 2. Read More

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September 2018

Examination of Self-Myofascial Release vs. Instrument-Assisted Soft-Tissue Mobilization Techniques on Vertical and Horizontal Power in Recreational Athletes.

J Strength Cond Res 2020 Jan;34(1):79-88

Psychology Department, Gannon University, Erie, Pennsylvania.

Stroiney, DA, Mokris, RL, Hanna, GR, and Ranney, JD. Examination of self-myofascial release vs. instrument-assisted soft-tissue mobilization techniques on vertical and horizontal power in recreational athletes. Read More

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January 2020

Roller Massage: A Descriptive Survey of Allied Health Professionals.

Scott W Cheatham

J Sport Rehabil 2019 Aug;28(6):640-649

Background: In sports medicine, the interprofessional care of athletes has become a frequent practice. This type of care often involves different interventions used among professionals. One common intervention prescribed is roller massage (RM) or self-myofascial release. Read More

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Effects of Myofascial Trigger Point Release on Power and Force Production in the Lower Limb Kinetic Chain.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Sep;33(9):2453-2463

Department of Science and Health, Institute of Technology Carlow, Carlow, Ireland.

Devereux, F, O'Rourke, B, Byrne, PJ, Byrne, D, and Kinsella, S. Effects of myofascial trigger point release on power and force production in the lower limb kinetic chain. J Strength Cond Res 33(9): 2453-2463, 2019-The purpose of this study was to first investigate the effects of treating latent myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the lower limb kinetic chain with respect to performance during sporting actions, as opposed to the traditional goal of pain management with active MTrPs. Read More

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September 2019