4,169 results match your criteria Myofascial Pain in Athletes


Systematic review of transversus abdominis release in complex abdominal wall reconstruction.

Hernia 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Surgery, Elkerliek Hospital, Helmond, The Netherlands.

Background: Transversus abdominis release (TAR), as a type of posterior component separation, is a new myofascial release technique in complex ventral hernia repair. TAR preserves rectus muscle innervation, creates an immense retromuscular plane and allows bilaminar ingrowth of the mesh. The place of the TAR within the range of established anterior component separation techniques (CST) is unclear. Read More

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December 2018

The Awareness of the Fascial System.

Cureus 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e3397. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Osteopathy, (SOFI) School of French-Italian Osteopathy, Pisa, ITA.

Fascia is a cacophony of functions and information, a completely adaptable entropy complex. The fascial system has a solid and a liquid component, acting in a perfect symbiotic synchrony. Each cell communicates with the other cells by sending and receiving signals; this concept is a part of quantum physics and it is known as quantum entanglement: a physical system cannot be described individually, but only as a juxtaposition of multiple systems, where the measurement of a quantity determines the value for other systems. Read More

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October 2018

Correlation of somatization, depression, and chronic pain with clinical findings of the temporomandibular disorders in asymptomatic women.

Cranio 2018 Dec 11:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

e Faculty of Medicine, Department for Radiology , University of Novi Sad , Novi Sad , Serbia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to correlate degree of depression, somatization, and chronic pain in asymptomatic women with clinical findings, using Research Diagnostic Criteria/Temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD).

Methods: A total of 200 female participants, ages 18-65, filled out a standard RDC/TMD axis II form for the assessment of chronic pain, disability, depression, and non-specific physical symptoms and underwent clinical examination of the temporomandibular joint. Correlation of clinical findings (axis I) and axis II assessment was performed using Spearman's correlation test, with significance set at p < 0. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical features and myofascial pain syndrome in older adults with knee osteoarthritis by sex and age distribution: A cross-sectional study.

Knee 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain; La Paz Hospital Institute for Health Research, IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain; Grupo Multidisciplinar de Investigación y Tratamiento del Dolor, Grupo de Excelencia Investigadora URJC-Banco de Santander, Spain.

Background: A source of myofascial pain and myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in muscles of the knee area could play a crucial role in the management of pain in osteoarthritis patients. The aim of this study was to describe and compare demographic, clinical and myofascial pain syndrome characteristics in older adults with knee osteoarthritis by sex and age distribution.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. Read More

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December 2018

Development of a standardized, reproducible screening examination for assessment of pelvic floor myofascial pain.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

St. Louis, Missouri; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis.

Background: Pelvic floor myofascial pain is common, but physical examination methods to assess pelvic floor muscles are poorly defined. We hypothesized that a simple, transvaginal pelvic floor examination could be developed that would be highly reproducible among providers and adequately screen for the presence of pelvic floor myofascial pain.

Objective: To develop a simple, reproducible pelvic floor examination to screen for pelvic floor myofascial pain. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of Myofascial Release Techniques on Pectoralis Minor Length, Glenohumeral Total Arc of Motion, and Skin Temperature: A Pilot Study.

J Sport Rehabil 2018 Dec 11:1-19. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

1 Department of Applied Medicine and Rehabilitation, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN.

Context:: The pectoralis minor (PM) is an important postural muscle that may benefit from myofascial techniques such as Graston® Technique (GT) and self-myofascial release (SMR).

Objective:: To examine the effects of GT and SMR on PM length, glenohumeral total arc of motion (TAM), and skin temperature.

Design:: Cohort. Read More

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December 2018

Roller Massage: Difference in Knee Joint Range of Motion and Pain Perception Among Experienced and Non-Experienced Individuals After Following a Prescribed Program.

J Sport Rehabil 2018 Dec 11:1-22. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

2 National Academy of Sports Medicine, Chandler, AZ.

Context:: Roller massage (RM) is a popular myofascial intervention. To date, no research has investigated the effects of RM on experienced and non-experienced individuals and if there are difference between a prescribed RM program and a self-preferred program.

Objective:: The main objective was to measure the effects of a prescribed RM program with a foam roller on knee passive range of motion (PROM) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) among experienced and non-experienced individuals. Read More

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December 2018

Myofascial Pain.

Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):640-643. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Myofascial pain syndromes arise from acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain and often have a referred neuropathic component. It affects more than three quarters of the world's population and is one of the most important and overlooked causes of disability. The origins of pain are thought to reside anywhere between the motor end plate and the fibrous outer covering of the muscle, with involvement of microvasculature and neurotransmitters at the cellular level. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Does kinesiotaping increase the efficacy of lidocaine injection in myofascial pain syndrome treatment? A randomized controlled study.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Gaziler Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Myofascial pain syndrome is a common form of musculoskeletal disorder that originates from a painful site in a muscle or related fascia. There are various non-invasive and invasive treatment methods.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of myofascial trigger point kinesiotaping with that of local anesthetic injection alone on the degree of pain and quality of life in myofascial pain syndrome. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Musculoskeletal Pelvic Pain and Sexual Function in the First Year After Childbirth.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Objective: To characterize sexual function in women with and without musculoskeletal pelvic pain during the first year after childbirth.

Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study.

Setting: Outpatient women's health clinic in a Midwestern U. Read More

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November 2018

Transverse Process Fractures: A Clinical Series and Coronal Injury of the Spine.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

- Gazi Hospital Neurosurgery Department, Izmir /Turkey.

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November 2018
1 Read

Is quality of life affected by temporomandibular disorders?

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2018 Nov 29;16(4):eAO4339. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Universidade do Sagrado Coração, Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To determine the impact of temporomandibular disorders in quality of life.

Methods: A total of 102 volunteer patients (68 female) aged 19 to 86 years, who sought medical care in health clinics of the university and were evaluated in the period from September to December 2013. The subjects were examined according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, using a mechanical algometer (Palpeter®) with standardized pressure of 0. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Impact of supportive therapy modalities on heart rate variability in cancer patients - a systematic review.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 4:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine , Medical University of Vienna, Vienna , Austria.

Purpose: To systematically review literature for interventional studies and their impact on autonomic dysfunction assessed by heart rate variability in cancer patients.

Methods: Research was conducted using the databases Medline/Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of science from their inception to October 2017. Original articles with an interventional design that reported changes in at least one heart rate variability parameter as outcome parameter were included and described. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The Addition of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation with Roller Massage Alone or in Combination Did Not Increase Pain Tolerance or Range of Motion.

J Sports Sci Med 2018 Dec 20;17(4):525-532. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's Newfoundland, Canada.

Roller massage (RM) can be painful and induce muscle activity during application. Acute increases in pain pressure threshold (PPT) and range of motion (ROM) have been previously reported following RM. It is unclear whether the RM-induced increases in PPT and ROM can be attributed to changes in neural or muscle responses. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Does epimuscular myofascial force transmission occur between the human quadriceps muscles in vivo during passive stretching?

J Biomech 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Universidade Europeia, Lisbon, Portugal; Department of Biomechanics and Center for Research in Human Movement Variability, University of Nebraska Omaha, Omaha, NE, United States. Electronic address:

This study sought to examine the shear modulus (i.e., an force index) of three quadriceps muscles [i. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Adjuvant Lymphatic Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Patients With Lower-Extremity Ulcers: Effects on Wound Healing and Edema.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2018 Dec;118(12):798-805

Context: In 2012, the US wound registry estimated that the cost of managing chronic wounds in the United States exceeded $50 billion. A large percentage of these wounds are venous stasis ulcers of the lower extremity. Evidence suggests that adjuvant osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may provide a benefit by reducing edema and subsequent healing times in venous stasis ulcers of the lower extremity. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of kinesio taping and occlusal splint in the management of myofascial pain in patients with sleep bruxism.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of Kinesio taping (KT) in patients with sleep bruxism (SB) and to determine whether KT may be an alternative for occlusal splint (OS) for the treatment of SB.

Materials And Methods: Sixteen patients with SB were treated with KT (kinesio group) and 18 patients were treated with OS (splint group). Masseter and temporal muscle pressure pain thresholds (MPPT and TPPT), visual analogue scale (VAS) values and mouth opening measurements of patients were compared before treatment, and at the 1st and 5th weeks of treatment. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Myotonometry as a measure to detect myofascial trigger points: an inter-rater reliability study.

Physiol Meas 2018 Nov 26;39(11):115004. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

iPhysio Research Group, Universidad San Jorge, Zaragoza, Spain.

Objective: Several diagnostic methods have been used in the identification of mechanical properties of skeletal muscle, including myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), however, they are not suitable for daily clinical use. Myotonometry offers an easy noninvasive alternative to assess these muscle properties. Nevertheless, previous research has not yet studied the mechanical properties of MTrPs by myotonometry. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

N 164 - Directive clinique de consensus pour la prise en charge de la douleur pelvienne chronique.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2018 Nov;40(11):e788-e836

Calgary, Alb.

Objectif: Améliorer La compréhension de la douleur pelvienne chronique (DPC) et fournir des directives cliniques factuelles qui bénéficieront aux fournisseurs de soins de santé primaires, aux obstétriciens-gynécologues et aux spécialistes de la douleur chronique.

Fardeau De La Souffrance: La DPC est une pathologie débilitante courante qui affecte les femmes. Elle est à l'origine d'importantes souffrances personnelles et de dépenses de santé considérables associées aux interventions, dont de multiples consultations et un grand nombre de traitements médicaux et chirurgicaux. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

No. 164-Consensus Guidelines for the Management of Chronic Pelvic Pain.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2018 Nov;40(11):e747-e787

Calgary, AB.

Objective: To improve the understanding of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and to provide evidence-based guidelines of value to primary care health professionals, general obstetricians and gynaecologists, and those who specialize in chronic pain.

Burden Of Suffering: CPP is a common, debilitating condition affecting women. It accounts for substantial personal suffering and health care expenditure for interventions, including multiple consultations and medical and surgical therapies. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Effectiveness of myofascial release after breast cancer surgery in women undergoing conservative surgery and radiotherapy: a randomized controlled trial.

Support Care Cancer 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia, Gascó Oliag Street, 5, 46010, Valencia, Spain.

Purpose: The scars derived from the treatment of breast cancer lead to adverse effects such as fibrosis or retractions of the connective tissue. Myofascial release (MR) seeks to reduce restrictions of the fascial system. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the clinical impact of MR treatment on women survivors of breast cancer. Read More

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November 2018
11 Reads

Anatomical variants of dorsal scapular nerve in relation to the middle scalene muscle in Japanese population.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13349

Department of Anatomy.

Dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) block is often performed in Japanese pain clinics to treat neck pain and katakori (a unique symptom in Japanese population characterized by myofascial pain syndromes such as shoulder girdle pain). However, to the best of our knowledge, there are only a few studies regarding anatomical variations in DSN paths around the middle scalene muscle (MSM) in Japanese population. Thus, we conducted a cadaveric study to examine anatomical variations in DSN paths around the MSM in Japanese population. Read More

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November 2018
12 Reads

Moulded Osteomyofascial Pedicled Split (MOPS) Craniotomy Flap in Reconstruction of Anterior Cranial Fossa Defects: Pilot Study of a Novel Technique.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1011-1017

Department of Neurosurgery, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Introduction: Anterior cranial fossa (ACF) defects still remains a reconstructive challenge to neurosurgeons due to the difficult location, inaccessibility, and unfavorable vascular anatomy. Usual reconstructive methods reported complications such as recurrent cerebrospinal fluid leak due to bone resorption and tissue breakdown. This is mainly due to the avascularity of the bone graft and inability to provide bony structural support for the skull base. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Insights About the Neuroplasticity State on the Effect of Intramuscular Electrical Stimulation in Pain and Disability Associated With Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS): A Double-Blind, Randomized, Sham-Controlled Trial.

Front Hum Neurosci 2018 16;12:388. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Post-Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

There is limited evidence concerning the effect of intramuscular electrical stimulation (EIMS) on the neural mechanisms of pain and disability associated with chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS). To provide new insights into the EIMS long-term effect on pain and disability related to chronic MPS (primary outcomes). To assess if the neuroplasticity state at baseline could predict the long-term impact of EIMS on disability due to MPS we examined the relationship between the serum brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor (BDNF) and by motor evoked potential (MEP). Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads
2.900 Impact Factor

Changes in Muscle Stiffness of the Trapezius Muscle After Application of Ischemic Compression into Myofascial Trigger Points in Professional Basketball Players.

J Hum Kinet 2018 Sep 15;64:35-45. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Sport Science, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw; Wrocław, Poland.

The study aimed to assess the effects of compression trigger point therapy on the stiffness of the trapezius muscle in professional basketball players (Part A), and the reliability of the MyotonPRO device in clinical evaluation of athletes (Part B). Twelve professional basketball players participated in Part A of the study (mean age: 19.8 ± 2. Read More

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September 2018
9 Reads

The effect of physiotherapy and acupuncture on psychocognitive, somatic, quality of life, and disability characteristics in TTH patients.

J Pain Res 2018 23;11:2527-2535. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland,

Introduction: Nonpharmacological therapies have been widely used to treat tension-type headache (TTH); however, limited evidence exists with regards to their effectiveness. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the combined effect of acupuncture, stretching, and physiotherapy (myofascial release techniques and microwave diathermy) on psychocognitive, somatic, quality of life, and disability characteristics in such patients.

Subjects And Methods: Patients with TTH (n=44) performed either acupuncture or stretching (control group, n=20) or acupuncture, stretching, and physiotherapy (experimental group, n=24) during a 4-week intervention period including 10 treatment sessions. Read More

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October 2018
9 Reads

Does improvement towards a normal cervical sagittal configuration aid in the management of cervical myofascial pain syndrome: a 1- year randomized controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Nov 12;19(1):396. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

CBP Nonprofit (a spine research foundation), Eagle, ID, USA.

Background: There is a growing interest concerning the understanding of and rehabilitation of the sagittal configuration of the cervical spine as a clinical outcome. However, the literature on the topic specific to conservative treatment outcomes of patients with chronic myofascial cervical pain syndrome (CMCPS) has not adequately addressed the relationship between cervical sagittal alignment and improved pain, disability and range of motion.

Methods: A randomized controlled study with a 1-year follow-up. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Fascia thickness, aging and flexibility: is there an association?

J Anat 2019 Jan 11;234(1):43-49. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Molecular Medicine, Institute of Human Anatomy, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

The morphology of the connective tissue may play an important role in locomotor mechanics. Recent research has revealed an association between increased fascia thickness and reduced joint flexibility in patients with chronic pain. The present study aimed to examine the relationship of both factors in healthy individuals, additionally testing the hypothesis that older subjects display a higher fascia thickness. Read More

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January 2019
8 Reads

Quantitative ultrasound of trapezius muscle involvement in myofascial pain: comparison of clinical and healthy population using texture analysis.

J Ultrasound 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

Purpose: Ultrasound is a non-invasive quantitative method to characterize sonographic textures of skeletal muscles. To date, there is no information available on the trapezius muscle. This study assessed the trapezius muscles of patients with myofascial pain compared with normal healthy participants. Read More

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November 2018
13 Reads

Effect of "Mannitol plus Vitamins B" in the management of patients with piriformis syndrome.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an entrapment of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle, or myofascial pain from the piriformis muscle.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of "Mannitol plus Vitamins B" regime in the management of PS.

Methods: Twenty two patients were included in this study and received 250 ml of mannitol 20% intravenous infusion for 5 days + Vitamins B (vitamin B1 10 mg + vitamin B2 10 mg + vitamin B12 50 μg PO) for 6 weeks. Read More

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October 2018
8 Reads

[Diagnosis and interventional treatment of pain syndromes after surgery for degenerative lumbar spine diseases].

Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018 ;82(5):55-61

Nikiforov All-Russian Center of Emergency and Radiation Medicine, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Postoperative pain accompanies up to 20% of interventions for degenerative spine diseases (DSDs). The epidemiologic data are contradictory; clinical and radiological diagnostics is often low efficient; capabilities of interventional diagnosis and treatment techniques are poorly understood.

Purpose: The study purpose was to investigate the structure of pain syndromes after surgery for DSDs of the lumbar spine, based on complex diagnostics, as well as to evaluate the capabilities of interventional treatment. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Role of anxiety and depression in association with migraine and myofascial pain temporomandibular disorder.

Indian J Dent Res 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):583-587

Endodontist, Private Practice, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated a strong association between primary headaches (HAs) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), specifically the myofascial pain subtype of TMD (MP TMD). The role of anxiety and depression in presentation and maintenance of MP TMD and migraine is previously demonstrated. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to evaluate the modification effect of anxiety and depression on the possible association of MP TMD and migraine. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Effects of topical vs injection treatment of cervical myofascial trigger points on headache symptoms in migraine patients: a retrospective analysis.

J Headache Pain 2018 Nov 8;19(1):104. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Headache Center, Geriatrics Clinic, Department of Medicine and Science of Aging and Ce.S.I.-Met, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti, 66100, Chieti, Italy.

Background: In migraine patients with cervical myofascial trigger points whose target areas coincide with migraine sites (M + cTrPs), TrP anesthetic injection reduces migraine symptoms, but the procedure often causes discomfort. This study evaluated if a topical TrP treatment with 3% nimesulide gel has similar efficacy as the injection but produces lesser discomfort with higher acceptability by the patients.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical charts of M + cTrPs patients in the period January 2012-December 2016 at a single Headache Center. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Management of chronic pain in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: Two case reports and a review of literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(45):e13115

Department of Anesthesia, St. Joseph's Hospital, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Rationale: Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDSs) are a heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders involving defective collagen synthesis. Patients with EDS are prone for chronic myofascial pain, apart from other comorbidities. Although the initial pathology is commonly nociceptive, progression of EDS leads to neuropathies and central sensitization of pain signals. Read More

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November 2018
14 Reads

Health related quality of life improvement in chronic non-specific neck pain: secondary analysis from a single blinded, randomized clinical trial.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2018 Nov 6;16(1):207. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Alcalá de Henares University, Physiotherapy in Women's Health Research Group Department of Physiotherapy, Physiotherapy Faculty, University of Alcalá, Carretera Madrid - Barcelona, km 33,600, E-28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Chronic non-specific neck pain is related to limited cervical mobility, impaired function, neck muscles myofascial pain syndrome, and stress at work. The aforementioned factors are strongly related and may lead to a negative impact on health-related quality of life. There are some effective conservative Physical therapy interventions for treating chronic non-specific neck pain. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Protocol for the "Chemobrain in Motion - study" (CIM - study): a randomized placebo-controlled trial of the impact of a high-intensity interval endurance training on cancer related cognitive impairments in women with breast cancer receiving first-line chemotherapy.

BMC Cancer 2018 Nov 6;18(1):1071. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sports Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Up to 80% of breast cancer patients suffer from Cancer Related Cognitive Impairments (CRCI). Exercise is suggested as a potential supportive care option to reduce cognitive decline in cancer patients. This study will investigate the effects of a high-intensity interval endurance training (HIIT) on CRCI in breast cancer patients. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Improving gait and lower-limb muscle strength in children with cerebral palsy following selective percutaneous myofascial lengthening and functional physiotherapy.

NeuroRehabilitation 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: Selective Percutaneous Myofascial lengthening (SPML) is an innovative minimally invasive surgical procedure, using micro incisions often combined with alcohol nerve block, for managing muscle contractures and stiffness in children with cerebral palsy (CP). There is lack of evidence of effects of a combined intervention of SPML and physiotherapy on gait function and muscle strength in CP.

Objective: This study investigated the change in gait function and muscle strength in children with CP who underwent gait laboratory assessment before and after SPML, combined with obturator nerve blocks, and 9-month post-surgical functional physiotherapy. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

ACR Appropriateness Criteria Postmenopausal Subacute or Chronic Pelvic Pain.

J Am Coll Radiol 2018 Nov;15(11S):S365-S372

Specialty Chair, University of Toronto and Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pelvic pain is common in both reproductive age and postmenopausal women, and the major etiologies change throughout the life cycle. Chronic pain is defined as lasting for at least 6 months. There are many gastrointestinal and urinary disorders associated with chronic pain in this age group, which are not discussed in this guideline. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Salivary Oxidant/Antioxidant Status in Chronic Temporomandibular Disorders Is Dependent on Source and Intensity of Pain - A Pilot Study.

Front Physiol 2018 17;9:1405. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) have been associated with altered salivary oxidative status, but the relation with pain source and pain severity isn't clarified. With the aim to assess their interaction with TMD, we compared levels of selected salivary oxidative stress (OS) markers (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), uric acid, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, malondialdehyde) and salivary cortisol (SC) as a stress indicator, between 20 TMD patients and 15 healthy control subjects. In order to record differences relating to pain source and severity, patients were respectively classified according to specific diagnoses (myofascial pain or disc displacement (DD)), and pain intensity (high or low). Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Improvement in quality of life after botulinum toxin injection for temporomandibular disorder.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Université Lille, department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, CHU de Lille, Lille, France.

Background: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) cause chronic pain and interfere with quality of life (QoL). Botulinum toxin is one of the treatment modalities popularly used for TMDs. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate improvement in QoL after botulinum toxin injections in patients with TMD. Read More

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October 2018
11 Reads

Evaluation of mitochondrial function in chronic myofascial trigger points - a prospective cohort pilot study using high-resolution respirometry.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Oct 30;19(1):388. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Institute for Diabetes Research, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Background: Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are hyperirritable areas in the fascia of the affected muscle, possibly related to mitochondrial impairment. They can result in pain and hypoxic areas within the muscle. This pilot study established a minimally invasive biopsy technique to obtain high-quality MTrP tissue samples to evaluate mitochondrial function via high-resolution respirometry. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Single-Item, Self-Rated Health is a Useful Indicator of Health in Myofascial Temporomandibular Disorders.

J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Aims: To (1) examine differences in self-rated health (SRH) between a group of women with myofascial temporomandibular disorders (mTMD) and controls; (2) determine the extent to which pain, mental health, and physical function mediate these differences; and (3) explore specific mTMD symptoms and impairments explaining SRH among mTMD cases.

Methods: An existing dataset of a sample of women with mTMD (n = 125) and a group of demographically similar controls (n = 49) was used. SRH was measured via a single item with 5 answer options ranging from poor (SRH = 1) to excellent (SRH = 5). Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Post-needling soreness after myofascial trigger point dry needling: Current status and future research.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2018 Oct 17;22(4):941-946. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain; Hospital La Paz Institute for Health Research, IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain; Grupo Multidisciplinar de Investigación y Tratamiento Del Dolor, Grupo de Excelencia Investigadora URJC-Banco de Santander, Madrid, Spain.

Post-dry needling soreness is a common complication of myofascial trigger point (MTrP) dry needling treatment. The prevention, management and relevance of this complication remain uncertain. This paper examines the current state of knowledge and suggests directions for further studies in this area. Read More

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October 2018
9 Reads

Immediate effect of myofascial release on range of motion, pain and biceps and rectus femoris muscle activity after total knee replacement.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2018 Oct 6;22(4):930-936. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Professor of Rehabilitation Sciences Postgraduate Program - Augusto Motta University Center (UNISUAM), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; Department of Physical Therapy - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Manual Therapies Research Group Coordinator - GETEM/UFRJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: The role of a myofascial release (MFR) on flexion contractures after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine its immediate effect on such patients.

Methods: In this A-B single subject experimental study, 33 TKA's patients with knee flexion contracture had their gluteal, posterior fascia lata, posterior crural and plantar fasciae released. Read More

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October 2018
13 Reads

Immediate effects of diaphragmatic myofascial release on the physical and functional outcomes in sedentary women: A randomized placebo-controlled trial.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2018 Oct 25;22(4):924-929. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Department of Physical Therapy, Fortaleza, Ceará, CE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Although diaphragmatic myofascial release techniques are widely used in clinical practice, few studies have evaluated the simultaneous acute effects of these techniques on the respiratory and musculoskeletal systems.

Objective: To evaluate the immediate effects of diaphragmatic myofascial release in sedentary women on the posterior chain muscle flexibility; lumbar spine range of motion; respiratory muscle strength; and chest wall mobility.

Design: A randomized placebo-controlled trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis, and blinding of assessors and participants. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Pediatric glossopharyngeal neuralgia: a comprehensive review.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, St. George, Grenada.

Introduction: Debilitating facial pain can seriously affect an individual's daily living. Given that the pathophysiology behind neuropathic and myofascial pain is not fully understood, when chronic facial pain goes undiagnosed, it has been proposed that one of the two is the likely cause. Since their discovery, glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GN) and Eagle's syndrome have been considered mostly conditions afflicting the adult population. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome: Two sides of the same coin? A scoping review to determine the lexicon of the current diagnostic criteria.

Musculoskeletal Care 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Objective: Consistent terminology to describe the diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia (FM) and myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is required to address the reported inadequacies in diagnosis. The present review investigated intervention studies in FM and MPS populations to determine the lexicon of the current diagnostic criteria used to identify chronic musculoskeletal pain patients.

Methods: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a scoping review to review systematically the literature obtained from five scientific databases between 1997 and February 2017. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Ultrasound guided erector spinae plane block relieves lower cervical and interscapular myofascial pain, a new indication.

J Clin Anesth 2018 Oct 18;53:74. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine, Division of Algology, Department of Anesthesiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

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October 2018
9 Reads

Coherent behavior of neuromuscular oscillations between isometrically interacting subjects: experimental study utilizing wavelet coherence analysis of mechanomyographic and mechanotendographic signals.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 18;8(1):15456. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Regulative Physiology and Prevention, Department Sports and Health Sciences, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.

Previous research has shown that electrical muscle activity is able to synchronize between muscles of one subject. The ability to synchronize the mechanical muscle oscillations measured by Mechanomyography (MMG) is not described sufficiently. Likewise, the behavior of myofascial oscillations was not considered yet during muscular interaction of two human subjects. Read More

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October 2018