239,238 results match your criteria Myocardial Infarction


Impella use in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest : Analysis of 10 years registry data.

Resuscitation 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Aims: To assess characteristics and outcome of patients treated with Impella for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by severe cardiogenic shock (CS) or cardiac arrest (CA).

Methods And Results: From 2008 through 2017, 92 patients with AMI complicated by CS were treated with Impella. Survival varied according to clinical presentation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03009572193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.04.022DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Matrix metalloproteinase-12 produced by Ly6C macrophages prolongs the survival after myocardial infarction by preventing neutrophil influx.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Various immune cells are involved in different phases of cardiac repair after myocardial infarction (MI). Especially, Ly6C M2-like macrophages (Ly6C macrophages) are vital for cardiac repair after MI. However, the molecular mechanisms how Ly6C macrophages promote wound healing after MI are still largely unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yjmcc.2019.04.007DOI Listing

Bifidobacterium longum R0175 attenuates post-myocardial infarction depressive-like behaviour in rats.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0215101. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

CIUSSS du Nord-de-l'Île-de-Montréal, Hôpital Sacré-Cœur, Montréal, Canada.

Caspase-3 activation in the limbic system and depressive-like symptoms are observed after an acute myocardial infarction (MI) and studies suggest that inflammation may play a significant role. Combined treatment with the probiotic strains Bifidobacterium longum and Lactobacillus helveticus in rats has been shown to attenuate caspase-3 activation and depressive-like behaviour together with a reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines. The present study was designed to determine the respective contribution of these two strains on caspase-3 activity in the limbic system and on depressive-like behaviour. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215101PLOS

Prehospital assessment of suspected stroke and TIA: an observational study.

Acta Neurol Scand 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Centre for Prehospital Research, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.

Background: Symptoms related to stroke diverge and may mimic many other conditions.

Aims: To evaluate clinical findings among patients with a clinical suspicion of stroke in a prehospital setting and find independent predictors of a final diagnosis of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) METHODS: An observational multi-centre study including nine emergency hospitals in western Sweden. All patients transported to hospital by ambulance and in whom a suspicion of stroke was raised by the EMS clinician before hospital admission during a four-month period were included. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ane.13107
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ane.13107DOI Listing
April 2019
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The clinical efficacy and safety of the Chinese herbal medicine Astragalus (Huangqi) preparation for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(16):e15256

School of Chinese Medicine.

Background: In recent years, with the enormous advances in the field of cardiac intervention technology, the survival rate of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been improved significantly. However, the risk of arrhythmias and heart failure remains very high in AMI patients for long-term prognosis. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is more and more used in the treatment of AMI because of its good curative effect and less side effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015256DOI Listing

Variant angina induced by carbon monoxide poisoning: A CARE compliant case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(16):e15056

Department of Emergency.

Rationale: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning can cause severe damage to the nervous system, and can also cause serious damage to organs, such as the heart, kidneys, and lungs. CO damage to myocardial cells has been previously reported. This can lead to serious complications, such as myocardial infarction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015056DOI Listing

Incidence and determinants of cerebrovascular events in outpatients with stable coronary artery disease.

Eur Stroke J 2018 Sep 30;3(3):272-280. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Université de Lille, Inserm U1167, Institut Pasteur, CHU Lille, Department of Cardiology, Lille, France.

Introduction: There are limited data on cerebrovascular events in patients with stable coronary artery disease. To study the risk of cerebrovascular event, the relative proportion of ischaemic stroke and intracranial haemorrhage, and their prognostic factors in stable coronary artery disease are investigated.

Patients And Methods: The CORONOR registry prospectively recruited, between February 2010 and April 2011, 4184 unselected stable coronary artery disease outpatients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2396987318772684DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453196PMC
September 2018

Do Statins Have a Positive Impact on Patients with Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction on Long-Term Clinical Outcome? A Large Retrospective Cohort Study.

Biomed Res Int 2019 17;2019:4069097. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Department of Cardiology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives: To investigate the influence of statins on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMVD).

Participants: 23,494 patients who received coronary angiography (CAG) were included. Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Perfusion Grading (TMPG), a useful angiographic method, was used to evaluate CMVD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4069097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441523PMC

Ventricular Septal Defect Complicating Inferior Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Case of Percutaneous Closure.

J Cardiovasc Echogr 2019 Jan-Mar;29(1):17-19

Heart Department, University Hospital "S.Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi D'Aragona", Salerno, Italy.

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is one of the most serious mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Despite the incidence of post-AMI VSD in reperfusion era has reduced from 1%-2% to 0.17%-0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcecho.jcecho_60_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450237PMC

Efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants on the resolution of left ventricular thrombus-A case series and literature review.

JRSM Cardiovasc Dis 2019 Jan-Dec;8:2048004019839548. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Princes NOURA University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Left ventricular thrombus is a frequent complication of acute myocardial infarction and a risk factor for thromboembolic complications. Warfarin has been frequently used, but has some disadvantages that limit its use. Direct oral anticoagulants, in particular Dabigatran and Rivaroxaban have been proved to be effective in preventing thromboembolism among patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2048004019839548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456843PMC
April 2019
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False activation of the cardiac catheterization laboratory: The price to pay for shorter treatment delay.

JRSM Cardiovasc Dis 2019 Jan-Dec;8:2048004019836365. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Cardiology, Providence Hospital and Medical Centers/Michigan State University, Southfield, MI, USA.

Introduction: In patients with acute ST elevation myocardial ischemia (STEMI), national efforts have focused on reducing door-to-balloon (D2B) times for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This emphasis on time-to-treatment may increase the rate of inappropriate cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) activations and unnecessary healthcare utilization. To achieve lower D2B times, community hospitals and EMS systems have enabled emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and emergency department (ED) physicians to activate the CCLs without immediately consulting a cardiologist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2048004019836365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456844PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Palm oil and dietary change: Application of an integrated macroeconomic, environmental, demographic, and health modelling framework for Thailand.

Food Policy 2019 Feb;83:92-103

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.

Palm oil is a cooking oil and food ingredient in widespread use in the global food system. However, as a highly saturated fat, palm oil consumption has been associated with negative effects on cardiovascular health, while large scale oil palm production has been linked to deforestation. We construct an innovative fully integrated Macroeconomic-Environmental-Demographic-health (MED-health) model to undertake integrated health, environmental, and economic analyses of palm oil consumption and oil palm production in Thailand over the coming 20 years (2016-2035). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2018.12.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472326PMC
February 2019

Co-treatment with interferon-γ and 1-methyl tryptophan ameliorates cardiac fibrosis through cardiac myofibroblasts apoptosis.

Mol Cell Biochem 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, 20 Ilsan-ro, Wonju, Gangwon-do, 26426, Korea.

Cardiac remodeling characterized by cardiac fibrosis is a pathologic process occurring after acute myocardial infarction. Fibrosis can be ameliorated by interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), which is a soluble cytokine showing various effects such as anti-fibrosis, apoptosis, anti-proliferation, immunomodulation, and anti-viral activities. However, the role of IFN-γ in cardiac myofibroblasts is not well established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11010-019-03542-7DOI Listing

Temporal Trends in Acute Myocardial Infarction Incidence and Mortality Between 2006 and 2016 in Tokyo - Report From the Tokyo CCU Network.

Circ J 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Tokyo Metropolitan Cardiovascular Care Unit Council.

Background: Temporal trends in the incidence and mortality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been fully clarified in Japan.Methods and Results:The Tokyo CCU network collects information every 3 months regarding the number of AMI cases, age of patients and in-hospital mortality. Age-adjusted hospitalized AMI numbers were unchanged from 2006 to 2016 (40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-19-0187DOI Listing

Plasma Renin Activity Is an Independent Prognosticator in Patients With Myocardial Infarction.

Circ J 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nara Medical University.

Background: Plasma renin activity (PRA) is associated with cardiovascular events in patients with heart failure (HF), but its prognostic role in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unclear.Methods and Results:A total of 878 patients with information on baseline PRA on admission were selected from 1,055 AMI patients who underwent emergency coronary angiography between 2007 and 2016. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their median PRA (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-1195DOI Listing

Relative Effect of Current Intensive Lipid-Lowering Drugs on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Secondary Prevention - A Meta-Analysis of 12 Randomized Trials.

Circ J 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Cardiology, State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University.

Background: We aimed to investigate the comparative cardiovascular benefits of high-dose statin, ezetimibe-statin, and PCSK9 inhibitor-statin treatments in secondary prevention patients.Methods and Results:We selected 12 randomized controlled trials (n=131,978 patients) using PubMed and Embase (inception-June 1, 2018). Subgroup differences were explored by meta-regression and Cochran Q test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-1321DOI Listing

A predictive computational model to estimate myocardial temperature during intracoronary hypothermia in acute myocardial infarction.

Med Eng Phys 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.

Hypothermia, if provided before coronary reperfusion, reduces infarct size in animal models of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Translation to humans has failed so far, because the target temperature is not reached in time within the endangered myocardium using systemic hypothermia method. Hence, a clinically applicable method has been developed to provide intracoronary hypothermia using cold saline, selectively infused locally into the infarct area. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13504533193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.03.011DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Hiccups as the only symptom of acute myocardial infarction.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Hiccups are usually benign, while myocardial infarction (MI) has the potential for morbidity and mortality. Here, we report 3 cases of MI, with hiccups being the only symptom on presentation to the emergency department. Attention should be given to patients who present with hiccups and multiple risk factors for acute coronary syndrome, especially those with factors predisposing them to atypical presentations, such as diabetes mellitus, and old age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.023DOI Listing

Consumption of Meat, Fish, Dairy Products, Eggs and Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease: A Prospective Study of 7198 Incident Cases Among 409,885 Participants in the Pan-European EPIC Cohort.

Circulation 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

MRC/BHF Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: There is uncertainty about the relevance of animal foods to the etiology of ischemic heart disease (IHD). We examined meat, fish, dairy products and eggs and risk for IHD in the pan-European EPIC cohort.

Methods: A prospective study of 409,885 men and women in nine European countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.038813DOI Listing

Postinfarction Myocardial Calcifications on Cardiac Computed Tomography.

Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2019 May;12(5):e007023

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine (D.M.A., K.C.S., G.S.D., M.Y., M.N., F.M., F.B.), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Background: Postinfarction ventricular tachycardia (VT) generally involves myocardial fibers surrounded by scar. Calcification of scar tissue has been described, but the relationship between calcifications within endocardial scar and VTs is unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of myocardial calcifications as detected by cardiac computed tomography (CT) and the benefit for mapping and ablation focusing on nontolerated VTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.118.007023DOI Listing

Local Conduction Velocity in the Presence of Late Gadolinium Enhancement and Myocardial Wall Thinning.

Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2019 May;12(5):e007175

Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine (J.J., E.L., L.H.N., U.N., S.N., F.P., W.J.M., E.A., R.N.), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Background: Conduction velocity (CV) is an important property that contributes to the arrhythmogenicity of the tissue substrate. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between local CV versus late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and myocardial wall thickness in a swine model of healed left ventricular infarction.

Methods: Six swine with healed myocardial infarction underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and electroanatomic mapping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.119.007175DOI Listing

Role of Calcification in Patients With Healed Infarcts Experiencing Ventricular Tachycardia.

Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2019 May;12(5):e007349

Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.119.007349DOI Listing

Does the site of coronary endarterectomy have an impact on the clinical outcomes and graft patency?

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Rui Jin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: To explore whether coronary endarterectomy (CE) sites have obvious impacts on the clinical outcomes and graft patency in off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB).

Methods: The patients who underwent OPCAB with CE in our unit between January 2009 and December 2016 were included. The patients and the grafts were grouped according to the CE sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivz099DOI Listing

Impact of pretransplant mitral annular calcification on the incidence of cardiac events after renal transplantation.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Division of Cardiology, Cook County Health, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is associated with increased risk of major adverse cardiac events. We hypothesized that MAC, identified on a pretransplant transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), is predictive of cardiac events following renal transplantation (RT).

Methods: In a retrospective cohort of consecutive RT recipients, pretransplant MAC presence and severity were determined on TTE performed within 1 year prior to transplant. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ndt/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ndt
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfz063DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Elevated plasma cystathionine is associated with increased risk of mortality among patients with suspected or established coronary heart disease.

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Clinical Science, KG Jebsen Centre for Diabetes Research, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Elevated circulating cystathionine levels are related to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of death globally.

Objective: We investigated whether plasma cystathionine was associated with mortality in patients with suspected or established coronary heart disease (CHD).

Methods: Data from 2 independent cohorts of patients with suspected stable angina pectoris (SAP) (3033 patients; median 10. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/aj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqy391DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

1-Year Impact on Medical Practice and Clinical Outcomes of FFR: The ADVANCE Registry.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Mar 17. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Department of Radiology, Providence Health Care, St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Objectives: The 1-year data from the international ADVANCE (Assessing Diagnostic Value of Non-invasive FFR in Coronary Care) Registry of patients undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) was used to evaluate the relationship of fractional flow reserve derived from coronary CTA (FFR) with downstream care and clinical outcomes.

Background: Guidelines for management of chest pain using noninvasive imaging pathways are based on short- to intermediate-term outcomes.

Methods: Patients (N = 5,083) evaluated for clinically suspected coronary artery disease and in whom atherosclerosis was identified by coronary CTA were prospectively enrolled at 38 international sites from July 15, 2015, to October 20, 2017. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1936878X193022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Impact of Multiple Myocardial Scars Detected by CMR in Patients Following STEMI.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark; Department of Cardiology, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Objectives: This study investigated the incidence and long-term prognostic importance of multiple myocardial scars in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in a large contemporary cohort of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Background: Patients presenting with STEMI may have multiple infarctions/scars caused by multiple culprit lesions, previous myocardial infarction (MI) or procedure-related MI due to nonculprit interventions. However, the incidence, long-term prognosis, and distribution of causes of multiple myocardial scars remain unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.01.032DOI Listing

Putting the "I" in Infarction: Individualized Phenotyping for Risk Stratification Following Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Authors:
James A White

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Stephenson Cardiac Imaging Centre at Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Cardiac Sciences, Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada; and the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.02.007DOI Listing

Prognostic Implications of Blunted Feature-Tracking Global Longitudinal Strain During Vasodilator Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Stress Imaging.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address:

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic value of feature-tracking global longitudinal strain (GLS) measured during vasodilator stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging.

Background: Prior studies have suggested that blunted myocardial strain during dobutamine stress echocardiography may be associated with adverse prognosis. Recent developments in CMR feature-tracking techniques now allow assessment of strain in clinical practice using standard cine images without specialized pulse sequences or complex post-processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Sex-specific differences regarding seasonal variations of incidence and mortality in patients with myocardial infarction in Germany.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Cardiology, Cardiology I, University Medical Center Mainz (Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz), Mainz, Germany.

Background: Seasonal variation regarding the incidence and the short-term mortality of acute myocardial infarction (MI) was frequently reported, but data about sex-specific differences are sparse.

Methods: We analysed the impact of seasons and temperature on incidence and in-hospital mortality of patients with acute MI in Germany between 2005 and 2015.

Results: The nationwide sample comprised 3,008,188 hospitalizations of MI patients (2005-2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.035DOI Listing

Narrowing performance gap between rural and urban hospitals for acute myocardial infarction care.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

College of Medicine, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Rural communities experience significant barriers to quality healthcare, including disparities in medical care following acute myocardial infarctions (AMI). This study sought to determine if the population density of the county where Medicare patients were hospitalized following AMI predicted short-term outcomes and to quantify longitudinal changes in hospital performance on quality of care metrics.

Methods: Hospital-level data was queried from the 2012 and 2018 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services archives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.030DOI Listing

Effect of infarct site on the clinical endpoints of thrombolytic-treated ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Missouri Health Care, Columbia, MO, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Some studies suggest better outcomes after the use of thrombolytics in inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared to other locations. The goal of this study is to compare the clinical endpoints of thrombolytic-treated STEMI based on coronary artery distribution.

Methods: The study population was extracted from the 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Data using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modifications codes for STEMI, thrombolytic infusion, and complications of STEMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.026DOI Listing

Outcomes by Gender and Ethnicity After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address:

Limited data on gender differences by ethnicity after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) exist. In this prospective cohort study, we examined gender differences in 1-year outcomes among patients from 4 ethnic groups who underwent PCI from 2010 to 2016 at a tertiary center. The primary outcome was 1-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029149193031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.03.019DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Agreement of 2D transthoracic echocardiography with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging after ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Eur J Radiol 2019 May 28;114:6-13. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Cardiology, Groningen, PO box 30.001, 9700 RB, the Netherlands; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Medical Imaging, Groningen, PO box 30.001, 9700 RB, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: This study was designed to investigate the agreement of 2D transthoracic echocardiography (2D TTE) with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in a contemporary population of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients.

Methods: In this subanalysis of the GIPS-III trial, a randomized controlled trial investigating the administration of metformin in STEMI patients to prevent reperfusion injury, we studied 259 patients who underwent same-day CMR and 2D TTE assessments four months after hospitalization for a first STEMI. Bland-Altman analyses were performed to assess agreement between LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), and LV mass measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.02.039DOI Listing

Dose reduction of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation: A Danish nationwide cohort study.

Thromb Res 2019 Apr 9;178:101-109. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev and Gentofte, Kildegaardsvej 28, 2900 Hellerup, Denmark.

Introduction: To investigate the patterns of dose reduction of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Materials And Methods: Using Danish nationwide registries, we identified all non-valvular AF patients initiated on standard-dose NOAC during 2011-2017 who were followed until dose reduction. The absolute risk of dose reduction was presented as cumulative incidence both overall and according to baseline characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2019.04.007DOI Listing

Trends and predictors of recurrent acute coronary syndrome hospitalizations and unplanned revascularization after index acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention.

Am Heart J 2019 Mar 5;212:134-143. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Centre of Cardiovascular Research and Education in Therapeutics (CCRE), Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Repeat hospitalizations for recurrent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or unplanned revascularization after acute myocardial infarction (MI) are common, costly and potentially preventable. We aim to describe 10-year trends and identify independent risk factors of these repeat hospitalizations.

Methods: We analyzed data from 9615 patients from the Melbourne Interventional Group registry (2005-2014) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for their index MI and survived to discharge. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00028703193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2019.02.013DOI Listing
March 2019
200 Reads

TREO Aortic Endograft Demonstrates Significant Aneurysmal Sac Shrinkage.

J Surg Res 2019 Apr 17;241:48-52. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. Electronic address:

Background: Aneurysmal sac shrinkage is associated with successful aneurysm repair after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). There are a variety of approved aortic endografts, with a recent study demonstrating increased sac shrinkage in certain endografts compared with others. The TREO endograft (Terumo Aortic Ltd, Renfrewshire, Scotland, UK) is being evaluated for use in EVAR, with preliminary data demonstrating high rates of success. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00224804193016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.03.048DOI Listing
April 2019
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Astragaloside IV exerts angiogenesis and cardioprotection after myocardial infarction via regulating PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Life Sci 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Jiangsu Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Aims And Methods: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common cardiovascular disease with high mortality. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) was reported to have cardioprotective effect after AMI. We hypothesize that the cardioprotective role of AS-IV is exerted by enhancing angiogenesis via regulating PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.04.040DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Quality of Information on Combined Oral Contraceptives Available on the Internet.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. Electronic address:

Objective: Combined oral contraceptives (COC) are a popular choice among women. The Internet is an accessible and popular source of information on contraception. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of online information on COC. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17012163193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2019.01.024DOI Listing
April 2019
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The LEADER trial in type 2 diabetes: Were the characteristics and outcomes of the participants representative?

J Diabetes Complications 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Medical School, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia.

Aims: To compare the characteristics and outcomes of people with type 2 diabetes recruited to the LEADER trial to those of participants in the contemporaneous community-based Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II (FDS2) who fulfilled LEADER entry criteria.

Methods: Baseline characteristics of LEADER and LEADER-eligible FDS2 participants were compared using bivariate methods. Incidence rates of the primary (nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, cardiovascular disease (CVD) death) and other outcomes in the LEADER placebo group were compared with those in LEADER-eligible FDS2 participants during 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2019.03.005DOI Listing

NT-proBNP incorporated in prediction rule of major peri-operative adverse cardiac event in non-cardiac surgery.

Surgeon 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Evidence Based Medicine Research Group, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, 70000, Viet Nam; Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, 70000, Viet Nam; Department of Clinical Product Development, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), School of Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki 852-8523, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery are at risk for peri-operative major cardiac events (PMCEs). The most common risk assessment tool is Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI). N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) measured peri-operatively has prognostic information but the implication is uncertain. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1479666X193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surge.2019.03.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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Gemifloxacin-Induced Allergic Myocardial Infarction: A Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Muğla University, Muğla, Turkey.

Background: Gemifloxacin given once daily for 5-7 days has been shown to be non-inferior to, or in some instances superior to, comparator agents for the treatment of common lower respiratory tract infections. Gemifloxacin is generally well tolerated and is as safe as many frequently empirically prescribed antimicrobials.

Case Report: We report a case of a 46-year-old woman given gemifloxacin for an upper respiratory tract infection who developed allergic myocardial infarction 15 min after taking an oral dose of 320 mg gemifloxacin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.03.001DOI Listing

New-generation drug eluting stent vs. bare metal stent in saphenous vein graft - 1 year outcomes by a propensity score ascertainment (SVG Baltic Registry).

Int J Cardiol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Cardiology and Structural Heart Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Data regarding the efficacy of the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with new-designed drug-eluting stent (new-DES) vs. bare metal stent (BMS) of saphenous vein grafts (SVG) stenosis is scarce. The primary objective was to compare one-year clinical outcomes of PCI in stenosis of SVG using new-DES vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.022DOI Listing

Monocyte-platelet aggregates affect local inflammation in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin I, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

The local inflammatory response following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is increasingly being recognized as a central factor determining infarct healing. Myocardial inflammation can be visualized in patients using fasting F-FDG PET/MRI. Although this novel biosignal correlates with long-term functional outcome, the corresponding cellular substrate is not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.009DOI Listing

ST-segment elevation and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging findings in myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Soter Center for Women's Cardiovascular Research, Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States of America. Electronic address:

Purpose: Patients with myocardial infarction and non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) may present with or without ST-elevation (STE) on the electrocardiogram (ECG). Previous studies have shown that STE was associated with higher risk of early mortality and long-term major adverse coronary events, and that cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can help to determine whether the cause of a MINOCA presentation is ischemic or non-ischemic. We set out to determine the relationship between STE and CMR findings in patients presenting with MINOCA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.028DOI Listing

Inflammation during acute coronary syndromes - Risk of cardiovascular events and bleeding.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Cardiology, University Heart Center, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Many parameters can affect the level of inflammation during acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We aimed to assess the one-year risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and bleeding associated with elevated hsCRP levels during ACS, taking into account the severity of myocardial infarction, the timing of blood sampling and established long-term prognostic factors.

Methods: We studied 1864 consecutive patients with ACS enrolled in a contemporary multicenter prospective cohort study in Switzerland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.03.049DOI Listing
March 2019
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What would we find behind the darkness to predict patients' fate?

Int J Cardiol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Cardiology Department, New Tokyo Hospital, Chiba, Japan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.017DOI Listing

Gender Differences for Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Complications and Healthcare Utilization.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Introduction: The influence of patient gender on complications and healthcare utilization remains unexplored. The purpose of the present study was to determine if patient gender significantly affected outcomes following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of THA and TKA patients was performed using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2011. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08835403193032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.03.064DOI Listing
April 2019
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Spotlight on epigenetic reprogramming in cardiac regeneration.

Semin Cell Dev Biol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Heart Failure and Cardiac Regeneration (ICREC) Research Program, Health Science Research Institute Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP), Carretera Canyet, s/n, Camí de les Escoles, s/n, 08916 Badalona, Spain; CIBERCV, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Av. de Monforte de Lemos, 5, 28029 Madrid, Spain; Cardiology Service, HUGTiP, Carretera Canyet, s/n, 08916 Badalona, Spain; Department of Medicine, Barcelona Autonomous University (UAB), Carretera Canyet, s/n, Camí de les Escoles, s/n, 08916 Badalona, Spain.

Heart failure of ischemic origin is caused by the presence of a large scar resulting from an acute myocardial infarction. Acute myocardial infarction generally occurs when blood supply to the heart is blocked. Regenerative strategies that limit infarct injury would be able to prevent adverse post-ischemic remodelling and maintain the structural support necessary for effective cardiomyocyte contraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semcdb.2019.04.009DOI Listing
April 2019
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