3,709 results match your criteria Myiasis
Open Vet J 2018 15;8(4):423-431. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, P.O. Box 12211, Egypt.
larvae are of veterinary and medical importance caused specific equine intestinal myiasis. (Botfly larvae) had a wide geographical distribution. The present study explores the prevalence rate of 3 stage larvae in Egypt from January- December 2017; besides, in vitro trials to control of this larvae and evaluation of this trial using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and histopathology of treated larvae. Read More
J Med Entomol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias Forenses y Salud-GICFS, Tecnológico de Antioquia-Institución Universitaria, Medellín, Colombia.
Blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are necrophagous flies with ecological, medical, veterinary, and forensic importance. These flies carry pathogens that they spread to animals and humans, and produce myiasis. Furthermore, they are useful tools in forensic science as indicators of postmortem intervals, and in biomedicine they are successfully used in larval therapy. Read More
J Med Entomol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve is the major human myiasis producer in tropical countries, including Sri Lanka. Although of great medical and veterinary importance, only a single study has been published on the development of C. bezziana. Read More
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Nov-Dec;51(6):879
Laboratório de Estudo de Dípteros, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
BMC Vet Res 2018 Dec 4;14(1):384. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Clinic for Swine, Small Ruminants and Forensic Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, Germany.
Background: An infestation of bot fly larvae causes myiasis which is known to cause respiratory symptoms in ruminants. There are reports of bot fly larvae in llamas, but to our knowledge there are no previous reports of nasal myiasis due to bot flies in alpacas ("Vicugna pacos").
Case Presentation: The following case report describes a neutered male alpaca showing sneezing and mild nasal discharge. Read More
Forensic Sci Res 2018 22;3(1):16-26. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
Department of Forensic Science, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, China.
Forensic entomology could provide valuable data for the minimum postmortem interval (PMI) estimation and other relevant information, such as causes and circumstances of death. Some representatives of flesh flies are one of the dominant necrophagous insects during early stages of decomposition, demonstrating unique biological characteristics compared with other necrophagous flies. Moreover, they lead to global health concerns as carriers of various pathogenic micro-organisms, and dominantly result in the traumatic myiasis. Read More
J Wildl Dis 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
1 Laboratório de Fisiologia de Insetos Hematófagos, Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Philornis is a neotropical genus of muscid fly that interacts with birds and may affect the development and survival of the birds' offspring. Although Philornis is a relatively common parasite, there is a lack of information about Philornis hosts in several parts of the Americas. In this study, two nests of the Rufous-fronted Thornbird ( Phacellodomus rufifrons) were collected in Pedro Leopoldo, southeast Brazil. Read More
Int J Dermatol 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka.
Background: Myiasis, or the invasion of living tissues of humans and other mammals by dipterous larvae, is considered the world's fourth most common travel-associated skin disease after cutaneous larval migrants, pyodermas, and pruritic arthropod-reactive dermatitis.
Method: The present study recorded the cause, anatomical position, and severity of the wounds of myiasis patients admitted to 11 hospitals located in the central region of Sri Lanka from February 2016 to July 2017.
Results: Altogether, 28 myiasis incidences were noted within the study period. Read More
Parasitol Res 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University, Frankfurt, Main, Germany.
Myiasis refers to the infestation of living humans and vertebrates with fly larvae that feed on necrotic or vital tissue of the host. Since the invasion of new fly species in Europe is currently being observed, which live obligatorily parasitically or are close relatives of such species, the aim of this study is to obtain a global overview of the distribution of myiasis-causing fly species in times of climate change and to assess the possible consequences for Western Europe. A systematic literature search was conducted using Pubmed/Medline for the years 1997 to 2017 and a total of 464 international case reports from 79 countries were evaluated. Read More
Med Sante Trop 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
CHU-B, Brazzaville, Congo.
Furuncular myiasis is a cutaneous parasitosis that occurs in tropical regions. It is manifested by lesions with the appearance of pustules, because of the presence of the fly larva in the skin. This misleading appearance can delay diagnosis. Read More
Trop Doct 2018 Nov 12:49475518809603. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
2 Consultant Ophthalmologist, Ophthalmology Division, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, Jamaica.
We present the case of a young male patient who presented with pain, redness and foreign body sensation in his left eye. There was no associated decrease in vision. Three live larvae were removed from his left conjunctival sac and sent to the laboratory for identification. Read More
Indian J Palliat Care 2018 Oct-Dec;24(4):459-464
Department of Palliative Medicine, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India.
Introduction: Myiasis, tissue infestation by housefly larvae, is commonly found in malignant fungating wounds of cancer patients from climatic condition and lower socio-economic strata.
Aim Of Study: It was aimed to study the effectiveness of systemic Ivermectin, Albendazole& Clindamycin (Triple Therapy) in reducing signs & symptoms associated with maggots in malignant head and neck wounds.
Method: 25 adult, advanced head and neck cancer patients presenting with maggots either from wound, oral cavity or nostril, with ECOG score 3 or less were enrolled in this study. Read More
J Vector Ecol 2018 Dec;43(2):261-270
USDA, ARS, Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, 1600 SW 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL 32607, U.S.A.
Lucilia sericata is a facultative ectoparasite causing fly strike or myiasis in warm-blooded vertebrates. It is controlled by traps or insecticides, but both have drawbacks and alternative ways of control are urgently needed. Essential oils (EOs) of vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), and lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and their blends (OBs); OB1 (2 ml of each EO plus 4 ml of sunflower oil as a carrier) and OB2 (2 ml of each EO) were tested. Read More
Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2018 Oct;26(3):267-269
Carmen Rodriguez Cerdeira, MD, Dermatology Service, Meixoeiro Hospital, CHUVI, C/Meixoeiro S/N 36200, Vigo, Spain;
Dear Editor, A 29-year-old woman presented with abscesses on her buttock and leg attributed to flea bites inflicted 5 days earlier on return to Spain after 2 months in Guinea-Bissau. Ciprofloxacin was ineffective after 7 days, and she was referred for dermatologic evaluation. Examination revealed 4 round, indurated, erythematous-violet furunculoid lesions with a 1. Read More
Vet Parasitol 2018 Oct 24;262:56-74. Epub 2018 Sep 24.
Key Laboratory of Non-Invasive Research Technology for Endangered Species, School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 10083, China; Department of Zoology, School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua East Road, Beijing, 100083, China. Electronic address:
Species of Gasterophilus are obligate parasites of equids and may induce severe, even lethal myiasis. However, identification of the third instar Gasterophilus larva at the species level is still problematic predominantly due to a shortage of diagnostic morphological features and incomplete molecular libraries. Testing the suitability of three different molecular markers showed that the traditional 650 bp barcode region near the 5' terminus of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) served as a better tool for species-level identification than a 663 bp region near the 3' terminus of COI and a 554 bp region near the 5' terminus of the large subunit ribosomal RNA. Read More
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Department of Pathology, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil.
Background: Myiasis is a condition in which flies are attracted to infected and/or necrotic tissues and deposit eggs that hatch into larvae. It may bring serious functional and aesthetic sequelae when involves nasal and parasinusal cavities; however, there is a lack of such reports in the literature.
Methods: We present and briefly discuss herein the clinical and surgical management of nasosinusal myiasis in an elderly patient previously affected by mucocutaneous leishmaniosis. Read More
Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 2;2018:5067569. Epub 2018 Oct 2.
Laboratorio de Entomología, Instituto de Diagnóstico y Referencia Epidemiológicos, InDRE. Francisco de P. Miranda No. 177, Colonia Unidad Lomas de Plateros, 01480 Ciudad de México, Mexico.
The presence of nosocomial myiasis reflects a lack of adequate medical attention, due to the physical facilities and/or the health care personnel. Patients requiring special attention are more susceptible, such as those with a loss of consciousness, assisted mechanical ventilation, tracheal tubes, or nasogastric probes. Nosocomial myiasis is a rare event that has a greater occurrence in the hospitals of poor and developing countries. Read More
N Z Med J 2018 Oct 26;131(1484):68-70. Epub 2018 Oct 26.
AgResearch Ltd, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North.
A case of nasal myiasis that occurred in February 2017 in the Northland region was the first involving L. cuprina naturally-acquired in New Zealand. Read More
J Travel Med 2018 Jan;25(1)
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.
Post Graduate Department of Zoology, Khalsa College Amritsar, Punjab, India.
Myiasis, the infestation of tissues or organs of vertebrate animals with dipteran larvae, is a common parasitic problem among domestic and wild mammals. The condition, which is also witnessed in humans, is relatively frequent in rural areas where people are in close contact with domestic animals. It is a subject of medical and veterinary importance, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Read More
Iran J Public Health 2018 Sep;47(9):1419-1423
Shafa Hospital, Ahvaz Jndishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Myiasis is caused by invasion of larvae stage of dipterans fly in living tissue of vertebrate host including human and animals. The most important family is Calliphoridae and included and genus. A 35-yr-old man with gastric cancer history referred to Golestan Hospital in Ahvaz Southwest of Iran in 2015. Read More
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.
Servicio de Microbiología Clínica del Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe, Valencia, Spain.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2018 Jan-Dec;6:2324709618801692. Epub 2018 Oct 7.
TEAMHealth Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA.
, commonly known as the human botfly, is native to Tropical America. As such, cutaneous infestation by its developing larvae, or myiasis, is quite common in this region. The distinct dermatological presentation of myiasis allows for its early recognition and noninvasive treatment by locals. Read More
Urol Case Rep 2018 Nov 6;21:122-123. Epub 2018 Sep 6.
Department of Urology, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, India.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2018 Sep;42(3):229-232
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Acil Tıp Anabilim Dalı, Yara Bakım Ünitesi, İstanbul, Türkiye.
Objective: Classical treatment was administered on the wound on the left foot of the patient, but no improvement was observed. When advised to undergo amputation, the patient came to the wound care unit to treat the larval wound. It was observed that the wound had been wormed while the patient was undergoing larval treatment. Read More
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2018 Sep;42(3):223-228
Department of Parasitology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey.
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the molecular characterization of moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) based on their mitochondrial DNA sequences and determine the vectorial potential and damage caused by moth flies in future researches.
Methods: A total of 240 adult moth flies were collected from toilet, bathroom, and basement walls of houses from different locations of the Kayseri region between May 2016 and April 2017. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analyses were performed using primer pairs, specificaly targeting the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase c subunit I (mt-COI) gene of adult flies. Read More
J Am Coll Clin Wound Spec 2016 30;8(1-3):51-53. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
Nandha College of Pharmacy, Erode-52, India.
The invasion of the skin and subcutaneous tissue by the larvae (Maggot) is known as Maggot infestation. It was found that farmers who are working in agricultural fields are more prone to this infestation. A case of 60 year old male patient with ulceration on leg for 10 days which was initially smaller and later developed into a larger wound, due to maggot larvae. Read More
Vet Parasitol 2018 Sep 13;261:53-58. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
Xinjiang Agricultural University, Institute of Animal Medicine, Urumqi, 830052, China. Electronic address:
The genetic diversity of Gasterophilus pecorum populations consisting of 192 individuals sampled from Przewalski's horses (Equus ferus przewalskii) in Xinjiang Province, China, was evaluated using 12 microsatellite loci. The genetic variability within populations and genetic differentiation among populations were estimated. A total of 163 alleles were detected and the average value of observed number of alleles at each locus ranged from 7 to 19 (average 13. Read More
Saudi J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Sep;32(3):250-252. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
Dept. of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia.
Ophthalmomyiasis is an infestation of mammalian eyes with larvae or maggots of certain flies. is the most common cause of human myiasis. This article reports a case of ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by (sheep nasal botfly) in a young healthy male, living in Al Kharj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Read More
Dermatol Ther 2018 Sep 14:e12665. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
Department of Dermatology, Medical School of Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brazil.
Tropical regions receive a significant part of the traveling population. It is very important that health professionals are familiar with the main tropical skin diseases and able to advice patients appropriately. This article reviews the main tropical diseases of travelers, with an emphasis on diagnosis, management, and prevention. Read More
An Bras Dermatol 2018 Sep-Oct;93(5):746-748
Dermatology Unit, Hospital das Clinicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte (MG), Brazil.
Although wound or traumatic myiasis is common in tropical countries, only recently cases associated with underlying dermatoses, such as seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis, have been reported. We describe a patient with seborrheic dermatitis and an ulcerated lesion on the scalp, in which the dermatological examination with the aid of dermoscopy allowed the identification of larvae (maggots) compatible with infestation by Cochliomyia hominivorax. Treatment was performed with oral and topical ivermectin, followed by manual extraction of the larvae. Read More
JMM Case Rep 2018 Jun 17;5(6):e005151. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
Servicio Bacteriología Especial, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas 'Dr. C. G. Malbrán', Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Introduction: is a recently recognized genus associated with larvae infestation Members of this genus are pathogens infrequently implicated in human disease. During the last decade, fewer than 10 cases of infection with species have been reported around the world. Bacteria of the genera and have been isolated from larvae of the parasitic fly , which is found in Europe, Asia and North Africa, and is associated with myiasis in several animal species, but rarely in humans. Read More
Acta Trop 2019 Jan 13;189:145-153. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
The BioRobotics Institute, Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, 56025 Pontedera, Pisa, Italy.
Lucilia sericata is well known for causing myiasis in humans, livestock, pets and wildlife. It also vectors microbial pathogens, including paratuberculosis agents. This species can be exploited in maggot therapy to treat necrotic wounds, particularly those infected by multidrug-resistant pathogens. Read More
Vet Parasitol 2018 Jul 6;258:53-56. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Institute, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, BR 465, Km 7, 23897-000, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the overall efficacy, larval expulsion and larvicidal effect of spinosad on the treatment of myiasis caused by New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax in naturally infested dogs. Six Beagle dogs presenting with myiasis were treated once with spinosad 560 mg, with dosages ranging from 43 to 577 mg/kg. Dogs were observed with 15 min post treatment, and with intervals of 15 min within the first hour followed by hourly evaluations up to six hours post-treatment. Read More
Med J Armed Forces India 2018 Jul 7;74(3):268-272. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
Brig Med, HQ 3 Corps, C/o 99 APO, India.
Background: Cutaneous myiasis is the infestation of the skin by larvae (maggots) of the order Diptera (two winged). Being an imported and sporadic illness, furuncular myiasis often poses a diagnostic challenge to the treating physician. This traditionally endemic entity is being more frequently reported worldwide as 'vacation' disease in travellers returning from these regions. Read More
Med Vet Entomol 2018 Aug 9. Epub 2018 Aug 9.
Department of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, U.K.
The blow fly genus Lucilia is composed largely of saprophages and facultative myasis agents, including the economically important species Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) and Lucilia sericata (Meigen). Only one species is generally recognized as an obligate agent of myiasis, Lucilia bufonivora Moniez, and this is an obligate parasite of toads. Lucilia silvarum (Meigen), a sister species, behaves mainly as a carrion breeder; however, it has also been reported as a facultative parasite of amphibians. Read More
J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):361-362
Department of Microbiology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
J Econ Entomol 2018 Aug;111(4):1958-1965
UWA Institute of Agriculture, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.
The Australian blow fly, Lucilia cuprina Wiedmann (Diptera: Calliphoridae), is a major cause of myiasis (flystrike) in Merino sheep in Australia and New Zealand and, as a primary colonizer of fresh carrion, also an important species in forensic investigations. Olfaction is considered the most important cue for insects to rapidly locate carrion over long distances, so the first carrion visitors are predicted to be very sensitive to carrion-related volatile compounds. We studied the responses of the Australian blow fly, Lucilia cuprina, to the carrion-associated compounds dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS), butyric acid, 1-octen-3-ol and indole. Read More
Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Aug 6;7(1):74. Epub 2018 Aug 6.
Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
Background: Epidermal parasitic skin diseases (EPSD) occur in most countries and cause a considerable health and economic burden, particularly in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to assess and analyse peer-reviewed literature on EPSD in humans. The results of this study serve as an indicator of the extent the scientific community, health authorities, and international health agencies interact with EPSD as a health problem that is commonly associated with poverty and poor hygiene. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 4;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 4.
Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad, Cusco, Peru.
We describe a case of nasal myiasis due to in a 97-year-old Peruvian farmer with a previously undiagnosed mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Initial attempts to remove the fly larvae using manual extraction with a toothed forceps and normal saline irrigation were unsuccessful. On subsequent nasal irrigation with ivermectin solution, the patient self-expulsed approximately 50 larvae within 15 min. Read More
Vet Dermatol 2018 Oct 31;29(5):442-e148. Epub 2018 Jul 31.
Caring Veterinary Centre, 50 JLN Anggerik Vanilla Z31:Z, Kota Kemuning, 40460, Shah Alam, Malaysia.
Background: Cutaneous screw-worm myiasis in companion animals either due to the New World screw-worm, Cochliomyia hominivorax or the Old World screw-worm, Chrysomya bezziana, has been reported particularly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Although treatment of screw-worm myiasis in dogs has been described, few studies have been conducted regarding its clinical and epidemiological aspects in companion animals.
Objectives: To describe clinical and epidemiological aspects of canine and feline screw-worm myiasis. Read More
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 07;115(31):7839-7843
Cutis 2018 Jun;101(6):413-414
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Geisinger Health System, Danville, Pennsylvania, USA.
Common household insects can be confused with ectoparasites. Understanding the basic identification and monitoring techniques of clothes moths will help the clinician identify if a patient has an infestation of the household versus his/her body. Clothes moth larvae are not parasites but are found on infested clothing and can be confused with myiasis. Read More
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Oct;99(4):940-944
Departamento de Ecologia de Agentes Patogenos, Hospital General "Dr. Manuel Gea Gonzalez", Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
is a fly endemic to and widely distributed throughout the Americas; it is found from the southern regions of Mexico to Argentina. However, because of widespread travel, myiasis has become common in countries where neither the disease nor the species that cause this infection are endemic. Central Mexico, for instance, is not a region where myiasis is endemic. Read More
J Med Entomol 2018 Oct;55(6):1527-1535
Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Biodiversidade Neotropical), Av. Pasteur, Urca, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP, Brasil.
Flies of the family Calliphoridae play a variety of ecological roles. They carry various pathogens and cause myiasis in humans and livestock, but they are useful to forensic entomology and in larval therapy. Mesembrinellidae flies, formerly classified in the family Calliphoridae, are good bioindicators of human interference in natural environments. Read More
Wounds 2018 Jun;30(6):E60-E64
West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV.
Introduction: Live maggot infestation (myiasis) of wounds can present a host of ailments. Loosely associated with maggot excreta, Morganella morganii is a widespread, gram-negative rod bacterium commonly found in the intestinal tracts of humans. M morganii has been observed as being pathogenic, particularly in nosocomial and postoperative environments, as well as in immunosuppressed and elderly populations. Read More
Australas J Dermatol 2018 Jul 27. Epub 2018 Jul 27.
Dermatology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Roma, Italy.
Skin Res Technol 2018 Jul 21. Epub 2018 Jul 21.
Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia Medico-Chirurgica e dei Trapianti, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2018 Nov 17;93(11):567-570. Epub 2018 Jul 17.
Servicio de Oftalmología, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Pamplona, España.
Objective: To report a case series of external ophthalmomyiasis in a region of Spain together with its common epidemiological factors and treatment.
Material And Methods: A presentation is made of four clinical cases of patients with external ocular myiasis caused by Oestrus ovis larvae.
Results: Ocular myiasis is a parasitic infection by larval stages of flies. Read More