4,101 results match your criteria Myiasis


Repeatability of Health and Welfare Traits and Correlation with Performance Traits in Dairy Goats Reared under Low-Input Farming Systems.

Vet Sci 2022 Jun 11;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Laboratory of Animal Husbandry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

The objectives of the study were to estimate the repeatability of health and welfare traits and investigate their association with performance in three breeds of dairy goats reared under low-input farming systems in Greece. A total of 1210 goats of Eghoria ( = 418), Skopelos ( = 429), and Damascus ( = 363) breeds were assessed. Udder health, parasitic resistance, welfare, milk yield and quality, and body condition score were recorded monthly for two milking periods. Read More

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Describing and Characterizing the Literature Regarding Umbilical Health in Intensively Raised Cattle: A Scoping Review.

Vet Sci 2022 Jun 11;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

The objective of this scoping review was to describe and characterize the existing literature regarding umbilical health and identify gaps in knowledge. Six databases were searched for studies examining umbilical health in an intensively raised cattle population. There were 4249 articles initially identified; from these, 723 full text articles were then screened, with 150 articles included in the review. Read More

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(Diptera: Calliphoridae) as Agent of Myiasis in a Goose in Italy and a Review of Myiasis by This Species in Birds.

Insects 2022 Jun 13;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci, 87036 Rende, Italy.

Myiasis is a type of parasitosis by larvae of Diptera that may affect vertebrates, including wild and domestic birds. Traumatic myiasis was discovered in a domestic goose, L. (Anseriformes: Anatidae), in June 2020 in a rural area of the region Calabria (Southern Italy). Read More

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Elephantoloemus indicus Austen, 1930 (Diptera: Calliphoridae) as the cause of cutaneous myiasis in captive Indian elephants from Assam, India.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2022 Jul 25;32:100734. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati 781022, Assam, India. Electronic address:

Elephantoloemus indicus Austen, 1930, a dipteran calliphorid fly is known to cause by its larval stage obligatory cutaneous myiasis in Indian subspecies of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus indicus Cuvier, 1798) in Myanmar and Thailand. The present study was undertaken on morphological identification of some specimens of fly larvae which were recovered from the warbles detected on the skin of captive Indian elephants at the Nameri National Park and Kaziranga National Park both situated in the state of Assam, India. The larval specimens were whitish to creamy white in colour and body conformation varied from cylindrical to barrel shaped depending on their measured size (Av 6. Read More

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Severe Vaginal Myiasis: Successful Management With Ivermectin.

Int J Infect Dis 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Research Group on Perinatal Congenital Malformations and Dysmorphology (MACOS), Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. Electronic address:

Myiasis refers to infestation of living animals or humans by maggots, or fly larvae. Urogenital myiasis is a rare condition that is linked to poor sanitary conditions and limited access to healthcare and with few published case reports. Here, we describe the case of a sixty-seven year old homeless woman with multiple comorbidities who presented with extensive vaginal myiasis requiring inpatient management with ivermectin, ceftriaxone and metronidazole, and daily larvae extraction and debridement. Read More

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Morphological and Molecular Identification of Oestrus ovis (Diptera: Oestridae) Larvae Collected from a Chinese Patient with Conjunctival Myiasis.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Zonglian Academy, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, No. 76 Yanta West Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi, China.

Purpose: Human conjunctival myiasis, which is often misdiagnosed or missed clinically, is commonly caused by Oestrus ovis larvae. Here, pathogenic identification was performed for two maggots collected from a patient from China, to provide a clinical scientific basis for diagnosis and treatment.

Methods: Morphological identification was performed using a microscope. Read More

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A Rare Human Case of External Ophthalmomyiasis due to Oestrus ovis in West China.

Clin Lab 2022 Jun;68(6)

Background: Myiasis is an infection of the tissues and organs occurring in animals or humans by fly larvae, and human ophthalmic myiasis has been described worldwide.

Methods: We report here a rare case of unilateral severe conjunctival ophthalmomyiasis due to the larvae of Oestrus ovis in Jixi city, Shaanxi province of west China, in which the climate is relatively dry and cold.

Results: The larvae were verified as the first instar larvae of Oestrus ovis according to the previously described morphological criteria. Read More

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Closing the Brief Case: The Fly Who Cried Wohlf.

J Clin Microbiol 2022 Jun 15;60(6):e0108121. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Universitygrid.21107.35 School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

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The Brief Case: The Fly Who Cried Wohlf.

J Clin Microbiol 2022 Jun 15;60(6):e0107321. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Universitygrid.21107.35 School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

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Resistance to dicyclanil and imidacloprid in the sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, in Australia.

Pest Manag Sci 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Elanco Australasia Pty Ltd., Macquarie Park, NSW, 2113.

Background: The sheep blowfly, Lucila cuprina, is a myiasis-causing parasite responsible for significant production losses and welfare issues for the Australian sheep industry. Control relies largely on the use of insecticides. The pyrimidine compound, dicyclanil, is the predominant control chemical, although other insecticides are also used, including imidacloprid, ivermectin, cyromazine and spinosad. Read More

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Myiasis by Cordylobia anthropophaga (Calliphoridae) in rodents from Cape Verde.

Acta Parasitol 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Instituto Universitario de Enfermedades Tropicales y Salud Pública de Canarias, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico F. Sánchez, s/n, 38203, La Laguna, Spain.

Purpose: The tumbu fly, Cordylobia anthropophaga (Diptera: Calliphoridae), is widely distributed in continental tropical and subtropical Africa, being the most common cause of furuncular myiasis in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of the present work was to analyze the role of rodents as possible reservoirs of C. anthropophaga in Cape Verde, considering the zoonotic character of this fly species. Read More

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Point-of-Care Ultrasound Findings in a Case of Botfly Myiasis Contracted in the United States.

Wilderness Environ Med 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Washington University in St. Louis, EMS Division, St. Louis, MO.

Botfly infiltration is a rare cause of pediatric skin manifestations in the United States, but should be considered in nonhealing wounds even in nontravelers. We describe the case of a healthy 6-y-old female who had never traveled outside of the southeast United States, presenting with a nonhealing skin lesion. The point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) findings suggested subcutaneous parasitic infiltration. Read More

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Genomic insights into evolution and control of Wohlfahrtia magnifica, a widely distributed myiasis-causing fly of warm-blooded vertebrates.

Mol Ecol Resour 2022 May 29. Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Interdisciplinary Life Sciences, Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Wohlfahrtia magnifica is a pest fly species, invading livestock in many European, African and Asian countries, and causing heavy agroeconomic losses. In the life cycle of this obligatory parasite, adult flies infect the host by depositing the first-stage larvae into body cavities or open wounds. The feeding larvae cause severe (skin) tissue damage and potentially fatal infections if untreated. Read More

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Pin-tract myiasis after external bone fixation: A case report and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 24;95:107247. Epub 2022 May 24.

The University of Texas at Arlington, TX, USA.

Introduction And Importance: Myiasis has been reported as a complication of fracture treatment with external fixation. Therefore, physicians should be aware of the possible re-emergence of myiasis as a complication of surgery and the use of metal fixators.

Clinical Presentation: A 45-year-old male, non-diabetic, chronic alcoholic treated with external bone fixation and flap coverage for Gustilo-Anderson type IIIB comminuted fracture of shaft of left tibia and fibula with intact distal neuro-vascular system presented with multiple maggots with foul-smelling discharge from the pin tract. Read More

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External Ophthalmomiasis Cases in Şırnak

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2022 05;46(2):163-165

Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye

Dermatological cases caused by myiasis make up approximately 20% of travel diseases. Ocular involvement occurred in approximately 5% of these myiasis cases. The conjunctival involvement of () larvae, which is the active agent in most ocular infestation cases in humans, causes external ophthalmomyiasis. Read More

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Australian surveys on incidence and control of blowfly strike in sheep between 2003 and 2019 reveal increased use of breeding for resistance, treatment with preventative chemicals and pain relief around mulesing.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2022 Jun 25;31:100725. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Animal Science, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.

Blowfly strike or cutaneous myiasis, caused principally by the Australian sheep blowfly Lucilia cuprina is endemic to Australian sheep producing areas and is a major cause of suffering and economic loss. This article reports incidence and control practices as determined by three cross-sectional surveys of Australian sheep farmers covering the years 2003 (n = 1365), 2011 (n = 575) and 2018 (n = 354) with more questions relating to blowfly strike in the latter two surveys. Breech strike was reported at a higher rate than body strike in all survey years. Read More

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Point-of-care ultrasound utilized for foreign body in a toe: A case report of botfly larvae.

J Emerg Med 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Emergency and Hospital Medicine, Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network/University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Lehigh Valley Campus, Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, M-South 4th Floor, 2545 Schoenersville Road, Allentown, Bethlehem, PA 18017, United States.

Background: Myiasis, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is infection with fly larvae commonly occurring in tropical and subtropical areas. Whereas the presentation of skin infection with organisms such as Dermatobia hominis (human botfly) is more easily recognized in these regions, identification of myiasis in the United States is difficult due to its rarity. Due to unspecific signs and symptoms, myiasis may initially be mistaken for other conditions, like cellulitis. Read More

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Oestrus ovis conjunctival ophthalmomyiasis.

J Fr Ophtalmol 2022 06 2;45(6):e296-e298. Epub 2022 May 2.

Service d'ophtalmologie, hôpital Nord, centre hospitalier universitaire de l'hôpital Nord, chemin des Bourrely, 13015 Marseille, France. Electronic address:

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Myiasis in Ulcerated Breast Carcinoma: First Case Record in Myanmar.

Korean J Parasitol 2022 Apr 20;60(2):139-141. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Myiasis is an infestation of maggot, which is frequently associated with poor personal hygiene and environmental sanitation. A 78-year-old female breast cancer patient visited clinic complaining of irritation, itching, and pain within the ulcerous cancer lesion for 3 weeks. Many maggots were found in the lesion. Read More

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Otomyiasis caused by Musca domestica in a child: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 20;94:107108. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

ENT Department, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Boulevard du 9-Avril 1938, 1006 Tunis, Tunisia; Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, University Tunis el Manar, Tunisia.

Introduction: Myiasis is the infestation of humans and vertebrate animals with dipterous larvae. It is a rare clinical condition, mainly observed in vulnerable people living in tropical and subtropical regions.

Case Presentation: We reported a 2-year-old boy, with history of anemia and psoriasis who was admitted to our department after discovering larvea coming out from the left ear 6 weeks ago. Read More

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Lepromatous Leprosy with nasal myiasis presenting as epistaxis in postleprosy elimination era.

Med J Armed Forces India 2022 Apr 1;78(2):243-245. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Professor & Head, Department of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India.

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A rare case of residual root myiasis caused by Clogmia albipunctata larvae (Diptera: Psychodidae).

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Apr 13;22(1):374. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Pathogenic Biology, SchoolofBasicMedicalSciences, Henan University, Kaifeng, China.

Background: Dental injury caused by caries and trauma is the main cause of residual roots. Food trapped in the residual roots is difficult to clean. If the residual roots are not treated and cared for in time, flies can take advantage as soon as hygiene slips. Read More

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A Rare Case of Urogenital Myiasis in a 49-Year-Old Woman.

Case Rep Med 2022 1;2022:7910176. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward, Valiasr Hospital, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Myiasis refers to the infestation of living vertebrae with fly larvae, principally occurring in individuals with a low socioeconomic status and poor personal hygiene. Myiasis is rarely manifested in the urogenital system. Herein, we report a case of urogenital myiasis in a 49-year-old rural woman complaining of maggots in the urine and severe genital itching. Read More

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The efficacy of fluazuron in the management of blowfly strike in sheep.

Authors:
C M Austin V Naidoo

Exp Parasitol 2022 May-Jun;236-237:108251. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, South Africa. Electronic address:

The blowflies Lucilia spp. and Chryomya spp. feature prominently as a leading cause of myiasis and production losses in sheep in South Africa. Read More

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External Ophthalmomyiasis Due to .

N Engl J Med 2022 04;386(14):e35

University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France

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A case report of Extranodal natural killer / T-cell lymphoma presenting as extensive myiasis.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Mar 2;75:103419. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.

We described a 56-year-old Indonesian man with one-month history of nasal obstruction and rapidly increasing nasal swelling and two weeks history of severe facial pain with foul smelling discharge, bleeding and noticing live maggots emerging from his nasal and oral cavity. On examination, he appeared cachexic with a markedly swollen, erythematous and deformed external nose. Live maggots, pus and necrotic tissues were found in both nasal cavities, with erosion of upper gingiva and hard palate. Read More

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Extensive myiasis of the leg in a patient with filarial lymphedema: implications for morbidity care in filariasis elimination program.

J Vector Borne Dis 2021 Oct-Dec;58(4):391-393

ICMR-Vector Control Research Centre, Indira Nagar, Puducherry, India.

Myiasis, infestation of the human body by larva of flies is an under-recognized and ignored medical condition. Not only is this condition unsightly and extremely distressing to the patient, but it also generates a ghastly feeling in care givers and health care workers as well. The authors report extensive myiasis of the leg in a patient with filarial lymphedema from southern India, which is rarely illustrated in published literature. Read More

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Myiasis of a Percutaneous Biliary Drainage Site.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2022 04;33(4):476

Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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Geographic Population Genetic Structure of the New World Screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Using SNPs.

J Med Entomol 2022 05;59(3):874-882

United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Screwworm Research Unit, Pacora, Panama.

The New World screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel 1858) (Diptera: Calliphoridae), is a serious parasite of livestock, humans, and other warm-blooded animals. It has been eradicated from the northern parts of its historical range down to the Panama-Colombian border where a permanent barrier zone is maintained. This eradication was accomplished through using the sterile insect technique (SIT). Read More

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Delusional Parasitosis in a School Teacher Living in a Rural Area: Parasitological Approach.

Cureus 2022 Feb 12;14(2):e22147. Epub 2022 Feb 12.

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hassani Abdelkader University Hospital, Sidi Bel Abbès, DZA.

Delusional parasitosis is a psychotic illness. Patients often present to dermatologists with scars that are self-inflicted because they attempt to extract the "parasites". We report a 58 -year-old female with an eight-month history of a crawling sensation on her skin and constant generalized itching, which she believed to be caused by insects and worms crawling across her skin. Read More

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February 2022