41 results match your criteria Myelodysplastic Syndromes Associated With Isolated Del 5q

[MDS with deletion 5q - a distinct subtype of myelodysplastic syndromes].

Ther Umsch 2022 ;78(2):87-91

Departement Medizin, Medizinische Onkologie und Hämatologie, Kantonsspital Winterthur.

MDS with deletion 5q - a distinct subtype of myelodysplastic syndromes Deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5 (del(5q)) is a recurrent anomaly in myelodysplastic syndromes associated with a distinct pathophysiology and specific treatment options. MDS with isolated del(5q) are associated with a favorable risk profile and can be treated with lenalidomide. MDS with isolated del(q) have to be distinguished from MDS with an anomaly on the long arm of chromosome 5 and more than one additional mutation turning these cases into high-risk forms of MDS. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (MDS/MPN-RS-T): Mayo-Moffitt collaborative study of 158 patients.

Blood Cancer J 2022 02 1;12(2):26. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Department of Malignant Hematology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA.

The current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of myeloid malignancies includes myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (MDS/MPN-RS-T) as a distinct entity. Previous literature on predictors of survival was based on the provisional category of refractory anemia with ring sideroblast and thrombocytosis (RARS-T), which was not subject to MDS/MPN-RS-T exclusionary criteria such as PB blast% ≥1, BM blast% ≥5 or cytogenetic abnormalities such as t(3;3)(q21.2;q26. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Age, Blasts, Performance Status and Lenalidomide Therapy Influence the Outcome of Myelodysplastic Syndrome With Isolated Del(5q): A Study of 58 South American Patients.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2022 01 25;22(1):e1-e6. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Service of Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy and Laboratory of Medical Investigation in Pathogenesis and Directed Therapy in Onco-Immuno-Hematology (LIM-31) HCFMUSP, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Genetics Laboratory, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) with isolated deletion 5q is associated with a low risk to leukemic evolution and long overall survival (OS); it comprises 3%-4.5% of MDS cases in Latin America classified according to the World Health Organization 2008. This study aims to describe clinical, laboratory and the outcome of patients according to the newest World Health Organization 2016 proposal. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

SF3B1-mutant MDS as a distinct disease subtype: a proposal from the International Working Group for the Prognosis of MDS.

Blood 2020 07;136(2):157-170

Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The 2016 revision of the World Health Organization classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues is characterized by a closer integration of morphology and molecular genetics. Notwithstanding, the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with isolated del(5q) remains so far the only MDS subtype defined by a genetic abnormality. Approximately half of MDS patients carry somatic mutations in spliceosome genes, with SF3B1 being the most commonly mutated one. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

MDS with 5q deletion and rare positive mastocytosis: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 20;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA.

A patient with a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with isolated 5q deletion underwent repeat bone marrow biopsy to assess haematological response after 6 months of initial lenalidomide therapy. Subsequent bone marrow biopsies revealed persistent MDS with del(5q) in addition to a small atypical mast cell population with >25% of mast cells with spindle-shaped morphology and immunohistochemistry characteristics consistent with mastocytosis. Molecular testing on the bone marrow was positive for D816V and the patient was diagnosed with systemic mastocytosis (SM) with an associated haematological neoplasm. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pediatric acute myeloid leukemia with t(7;21)(p22;q22).

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2019 08 14;58(8):551-557. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pathology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

The t(7;21)(p22;q22) resulting in RUNX1-USP42 fusion, is a rare but recurrent cytogenetic abnormality associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes. The prognostic significance of this translocation has not been well established due to the limited number of patients. Herein, we report three pediatric AML patients with t(7;21)(p22;q22). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Selection of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes from a large electronic medical records database and a study of the use of disease-modifying therapy in the United States.

BMJ Open 2018 07 23;8(7):e019955. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Department of Statistics and Biostatistics, Celgene Corporation, Summit, New Jersey, USA.

Objectives: Treatment patterns for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) outside clinical trials are not well described. Our objective was to evaluate treatment patterns and patient characteristics that influence time to disease-modifying therapy in patients with MDS in the USA.

Design, Participants And Outcome Measures: Patients with MDS treated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), iron chelation therapy, lenalidomide (LEN) and the hypomethylating agents (HMAs) azacitidine and decitabine, were retrospectively identified in the GE Centricity Electronic Medical Record database between January 2006 and February 2014; LEN and HMAs were defined as 'disease-modifying' therapies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lenalidomide treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes with chromosome 5q deletion: Results from the National Registry of the Italian Drug Agency.

Eur J Haematol 2018 Jul 22;101(1):78-85. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Medicine, Institute of Hematology and Center for Hemato-Oncology Research (C.R.E.O.), University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Objective: The most typical cytogenetic aberration in myelodysplastic syndromes is del(5q), which, when isolated, is associated with refractory anaemia and good prognosis. Based on high rates of erythroid response and transfusion independence, Lenalidomide (LEN) became the standard treatment. This multi-centre study was designed to supplement Italian Registry data on LEN by addressing prescription, administration appropriateness, haematological and cytogenetic responses and disease evolution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recurrent Cytogenetic Abnormalities in Myelodysplastic Syndromes.

Meaghan Wall

Methods Mol Biol 2017 ;1541:209-222

Victorian Cancer Cytogenetics Service, St. Vincent's Hospital, 41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy, Melbourne, VIC, 3065, Australia.

Cytogenetic analysis has an essential role in diagnosis, classification, and prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Some cytogenetic abnormalities are sufficiently characteristic of MDS to be considered MDS defining in the appropriate clinical context. MDS with isolated del(5q) is the only molecularly defined MDS subtype. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2018

Colony-forming unit cell (CFU-C) assays at diagnosis: CFU-G/M cluster predicts overall survival in myelodysplastic syndrome patients independently of IPSS-R.

Oncotarget 2016 10;7(42):68023-68032

MDS and MPN Centre, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China.

Background: In vitro colony-forming unit cell (CFU-C) assays are usually-used to detect the quantitative and qualitative features of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). We studies CFU-C assays in bone marrow samples from 365 consecutive subjects with newly-diagnosed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Data were interrogated for associations with prognosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2016

Delayed globin synthesis leads to excess heme and the macrocytic anemia of Diamond Blackfan anemia and del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome.

Sci Transl Med 2016 05;8(338):338ra67

University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with isolated del(5q) are severe macrocytic anemias; although both are associated with impaired ribosome assembly, why the anemia occurs is not known. We cultured marrow cells from DBA (n = 3) and del(5q) MDS (n = 6) patients and determined how heme (a toxic chemical) and globin (a protein) are coordinated. We show that globin translation initiates slowly, whereas heme synthesis proceeds normally. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CSNK1A1 mutations and isolated del(5q) abnormality in myelodysplastic syndrome: a retrospective mutational analysis.

Lancet Haematol 2015 May 6;2(5):e212-21. Epub 2015 May 6.

Department of Haematological Medicine, King's College London School of Medicine, Rayne Institute, King's College London, London, UK; Department of Haematology, King's College Hospital, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: A mechanism for clonal growth advantage in isolated del(5q) disease remains elusive. CSNK1A1 resides on the critically deleted region, and deletion of this gene has been shown in mouse knockout and transplantation studies to produce some characteristics of bone marrow failure, including a proliferative advantage. We aimed to establish the frequency, nature, and clinical association of CSNK1A1 mutations in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and associated myeloid neoplasms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Short- and long-term benefits of lenalidomide treatment in patients with lower-risk del(5q) myelodysplastic syndromes.

Ann Oncol 2016 Jan 26;27(1):62-8. Epub 2015 Oct 26.

Malignant Hematology Department, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, USA.

The treatment of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) begins with assessment of karyotype and risk. Lenalidomide is approved for the treatment of patients who have transfusion-dependent anemia due to lower-risk MDS with chromosome 5q deletion (del(5q)) with or without additional cytogenetic abnormalities, and isolated del(5q) only in the European Union. Mounting evidence suggests that lenalidomide is effective not only in reducing red blood cell (RBC) transfusion burden, but also in modifying the disease natural history by suppressing the malignant clone. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2016

Telomere dynamics in patients with del (5q) MDS before and under treatment with lenalidomide.

Leuk Res 2015 Sep 21. Epub 2015 Sep 21.

Department of Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) associated with an acquired, isolated deletion of chromosome 5q (del (5q) MDS), represent a clonal disorder of hematopoiesis and a clinically distinct entity of MDS. Treatment of del (5q) MDS with the drug lenalidomide has significantly improved quality of life leading to transfusion independence and complete cytogenetic response rates (CCR) in the majority of patients. Telomeres are located at the end of eukaryotic chromosomes and are linked to replicative history/potential as well as genetic (in) stability of hematopoietic stem cells. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2015

Lenalidomide treatment induced the normalization of marker protein levels in blood plasma of patients with 5q-myelodysplastic syndrome.

Gen Physiol Biophys 2015 Oct;34(4):399-406

A specific type of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is associated with isolated deletion on the long arm of chromosome 5, i.e., 5q-syndrome (del(5q)). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2015

PP2A: The Achilles Heal in MDS with 5q Deletion.

Front Oncol 2014 23;4:264. Epub 2014 Sep 23.

Immunology Program and Malignant Hematology Program, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute , Tampa, FL , USA.

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) represent a hematologically diverse group of myeloid neoplasms, however, one subtype characterized by an isolated deletion of chromosome 5q [del(5q)] is pathologically and clinically distinct. Patients with del(5q) MDS share biological features that account for the profound hypoplastic anemia and unique sensitivity to treatment with lenalidomide. Ineffective erythropoiesis in del(5q) MDS arises from allelic deletion of the ribosomal processing S-14 (RPS14) gene, which leads to MDM2 sequestration with consequent p53 activation and erythroid cell death. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2014

High level of full-length cereblon mRNA in lower risk myelodysplastic syndrome with isolated 5q deletion is implicated in the efficacy of lenalidomide.

Eur J Haematol 2015 Jul 31;95(1):27-34. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Prague, Czech Republic.

Downregulation of cereblon (CRBN) gene expression is associated with resistance to the immunomodulatory drug lenalidomide and poor survival outcomes in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. However, the importance of CRBN gene expression in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and its impact on lenalidomide therapy are not clear. In this study, we evaluate cereblon expression in mononuclear cells isolated from bone marrow [23 lower risk MDS patients with isolated 5q deletion (5q-), 37 lower risk MDS patients with chromosome 5 without the deletion of long arms (non-5q-), and 24 healthy controls] and from peripheral blood (38 patients with 5q-, 52 non-5q- patients and 25 healthy controls) to gain insight into, firstly, the role of cereblon in lower risk MDS patients with or without 5q deletion and, secondly, into the mechanisms of lenalidomide action. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Aberrant hypermethylation of CTNNA1 gene is associated with higher IPSS risk in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2014 Dec;52(12):1859-65

Background: CTNNA1 gene is a putative tumor suppressor for its roles in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis. Aberrant expression of CTNNA1 is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms including both promoter methylation and histone deacetylation in hematopoietic malignancies. However, the clinical relevance of CTNNA1 methylation remains rarely known in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2014

Transfusion dependence development and disease evolution in patients with MDS and del(5q) and without transfusion needs at diagnosis.

Leuk Res 2014 Mar 15;38(3):304-9. Epub 2013 Nov 15.

Department of Hematology, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

Patients with isolated del(5q) and MDS are considered to have good prognosis as compared to other MDS subtypes. Most patients suffered of anemia and 50% of them required transfusions at diagnosis. It is known that for patients with MDS and del(5q) in transfusion dependence(TD), Lenalidomide is the first choice treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lenalidomide: a review of its use in patients with transfusion-dependent anaemia due to low- or intermediate-1-risk myelodysplastic syndrome associated with 5q chromosome deletion.

Drugs 2013 Jul;73(11):1183-96

Adis, 41 Centorian Drive, Private Bag 65901, Mairangi Bay, North Shore, 0754, Auckland, New Zealand.

Lenalidomide (Revlimid(®)), a thalidomide analogue, is an orally administered second generation immunomodulator with anti-angiogenic, antineoplastic, anti-inflammatory and pro-erythropoietic properties. It is approved for the treatment of patients with transfusion-dependent anaemia due to International Prognostic Scoring System low- or intermediate-1-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) associated with either chromosome 5q deletion [del(5q)] with or without additional cytogenetic abnormalities (US, Japan and Switzerland etc.), or with an isolated del(5q) cytogenetic abnormality when other therapeutic options are insufficient or inadequate (EU) [featured indication]. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Response to lenalidomide in myelodysplastic syndromes with del(5q): influence of cytogenetics and mutations.

Br J Haematol 2013 Jul 25;162(1):74-86. Epub 2013 Apr 25.

Laboratori de Citogenètica Molecular, Laboratori de Citologia Hematològica, Servei de Patologia, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.

Lenalidomide is an effective drug in low-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with isolated del(5q), although not all patients respond. Studies have suggested a role for TP53 mutations and karyotype complexity in disease progression and outcome. In order to assess the impact of complex karyotypes on treatment response and disease progression in 52 lenalidomide-treated patients with del(5q) MDS, conventional G-banding cytogenetics (CC), single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A), and genomic sequencing methods were used. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Low RPS14 expression in MDS without 5q - aberration confers higher apoptosis rate of nucleated erythrocytes and predicts prolonged survival and possible response to lenalidomide in lower risk non-5q- patients.

Eur J Haematol 2013 Jun 23;90(6):486-93. Epub 2013 Apr 23.

Hematology Division, Sixth Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: Haploinsufficiency of the ribosomal protein S14 (RPS14) has been identified as a causal factor in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with isolated del (5q). This study was carried out to investigate RPS14 expression in MDS without 5q deletion and the role of lower expressed RPS14 plays in pathogenesis and the prognosis and lenalidomide-response predicting of non-5q-MDS.

Patients And Methods: The expression level of RPS14 transcription was detected in 156 MDS patients without 5q-. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Aberrant promoter methylation of Dab2 gene in myelodysplastic syndrome.

Eur J Haematol 2012 Dec 16;89(6):469-77. Epub 2012 Oct 16.

Department of Hematology, The Sixth Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: Human Disabled-2 (Dab2), a putative tumor suppressor gene, is frequently down-regulated in human tumors. This study aims to explore the association between Dab2 methylation status and expression in newly diagnosed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients and patients who received 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine) treatment, so as to determine the effect of Dab2 in the pathogenesis of MDS.

Methods: Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and bisulfite sequencing were used to detect the methylation status of Dab2 gene. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2012

Incidence of 17p deletions and TP53 mutation in myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia with 5q deletion.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2012 Dec 30;51(12):1086-92. Epub 2012 Aug 30.

Laboratoire d'Hématologie, Hôpital Avicenne, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP)/Université Paris 13, Bobigny. France.

TP53 mutations are frequent in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with complex karyotype that include del(5q) and are often associated with deletion of 17p. They have also recently been observed in MDS with isolated del(5q). We assessed the incidence of 17p deletion detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and of TP53 mutations detected by direct sequencing and their correlation and prognostic value in 26 MDS and 17 AML with del(5q). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2012

Changes associated with lenalidomide treatment in the gene expression profiles of patients with del(5q).

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2012 Oct 18;12(5):375-83. Epub 2012 May 18.

Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Prague, Czech Republic.

Unlabelled: We used microarray profiling to investigate the direct effects of lenalidomide on gene expression in isolated CD14(+) monocytes from 6 patients with del(5q). Our data demonstrate that changes in genes involved the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway and the bone marrow stroma, suggesting that treatment with lenalidomide may help restore the damaged niche and suppress the TNF signaling pathway.

Background: Lenalidomide is an effective treatment for patients with del(5q) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) The exact mechanism of lenalidomide function and its impact on the prognosis of patients is not known exactly. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2012

Isolated del(5q) in myeloid malignancies: clinicopathologic and molecular features in 143 consecutive patients.

Am J Hematol 2011 May;86(5):393-8

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

World Health Organization (WHO) criteria were used to identify 143 consecutive patients (median age 73 years; 90 females) with myeloid neoplasms and isolated del(5q) seen between 1989 and 2009. We have previously reported on 88 (61%) of these patients who met criteria for WHO defined "myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with isolated del(5q)." The remaining 55 patients were classified as having "other" MDS variants (n = 29; 20%), acute myeloid leukemia (AML; n = 14; 10%), or myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN; n = 12; 8%). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Phenotypic abnormalities strongly reflect genotype in patients with unexplained cytopenias.

Cytometry B Clin Cytom 2011 May 23;80(3):150-7. Epub 2010 Dec 23.

Hematologics, Seattle, Washington, 98121, USA.

Background: In patients with unexplained cytopenias, abnormal karyotyping studies can be found with inconclusive light microscopic findings. Multidimensional flow cytometry (FCM) can identify myelomonocytic cells with aberrant phenotypes often not seen by standard morphology.

Methods: In 431 patients presenting with unexplained cytopenia(s) FCM results were compared to abnormal karyotyping and FISH results recognized as associated with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) in the 2008 WHO classification, to assess the degree of and types of phenotypic abnormalities observed using a previously reported flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differential expression of microRNAs in CD34+ cells of 5q- syndrome.

J Hematol Oncol 2011 Jan 6;4. Epub 2011 Jan 6.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Myelodysplastic syndrome with isolated chromosome 5q deletion (5q- syndrome) is a clonal stem cell disorder characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of hematopoiesis and their aberrant expression was detected in some clonal hematopoietic disorders. We thus analyzed miRNA expressions in bone marrow CD34+ cells of 5q- syndrome patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2011

Refractory anaemia with ringed sideroblasts associated with marked thrombocytosis (RARS-T) with superimposed 5q-syndrome.

Pol J Pathol 2010 ;61(2):105-9

Mateusz Ziarkiewicz, Department of Haematology, Oncology and Internal Diseases, Warsaw Medical University, ul. Banacha 1a, 02-090 Warszawa.

Refractory anaemia with ringed sideroblasts associated with marked thrombocytosis (RARS-T) is a rare entity belonging to myeloproliferative/myelodysplastic syndromes. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with isolated del(5q) is a category of MDS characterized by better prognosis and specific morphology. Herein we describe a 69-year-old male with anaemia and thrombocytosis presenting with coexisting features of both these rare diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2010