15,190 results match your criteria Mycoplasma Infections


Does Male Circumcision Reduce Women's Risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections, Cervical Cancer, and Associated Conditions?

Front Public Health 2019 31;7. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Urology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, United States.

Male circumcision (MC) is proven to substantially reduce men's risk of a number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We conducted a detailed systematic review of the scientific literature to determine the relationship between MC and risk of STIs and associated conditions in women. Database searches by "circumcision women" and "circumcision female" identified 68 relevant articles for inclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365441PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium and association with HIV infection in symptomatic patients, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2007-2014.

Sex Transm Dis 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Centre for HIV & STIs, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Mycoplasma genitalium is associated with genital discharge syndrome, but limited prevalence data is available in South Africa. The prevalence rates of M. genitalium infection and HIV co-infection were determined in urogenital specimens collected from male and female patients presenting with genital discharge syndrome to a primary health care centre in Johannesburg, South Africa from 2007 through 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000984DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Macrolide and fluoroquinolone resistance-associated mutations in Mycoplasma genitalium in Johannesburg, South Africa, 2007-2014.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 13;19(1):148. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Sexually Transmitted Infections Section, Centre for HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Antimicrobial resistance in Mycoplasma genitalium is rising globally with resultant clinical treatment failure. We investigated the prevalence of mutations in the macrolide and fluoroquinolone resistance-determining regions of M. genitalium in Johannesburg, South Africa, and ascertained their association with HIV serostatus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3797-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

-associated Mucositis: A Recently Described Entity.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 28;5(11):000977. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro, Portugal.

(MP) is a common cause of respiratory infections and can be associated with extrapulmonary complications. MP mucositis has recently been described as a distinct endemic clinical entity called e-induced rash and mucositis (MIRM). The authors present the case of a 46-year-old man with atypical pneumonia associated with exuberant mucositis, conjunctival hyperaemia and positive serological assays for MP IgM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000977DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346809PMC
November 2018

First molecular evidence of bovine hemoplasma species (Mycoplasma spp.) in water buffalo and dairy cattle herds in Cuba.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Feb 7;12(1):78. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Clinical Laboratory, Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services, and Center for Clinical Studies, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Hemotropic mycoplasmas (aka hemoplasmas) are small bacteria which cause infectious anemia in several mammalian species including humans. Information on hemoplasma infections in Cuban bovines remains scarce and no studies applying molecular methods have been performed so far. The aim of the present study was to utilize real-time PCR and sequence analysis to investigate dairy cattle and buffalo from Cuba for the presence of bovine hemoplasma species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3325-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367761PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A case report of proctitis associated with Mycoplasma genitalium in a man who has sex with men.

Int J STD AIDS 2019 Feb 5:956462419825896. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

3 STI Unit Vall d'Hebron - Drassanes, Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Mycoplasma genitalium is an infection of increasing concern due to its potential to cause sequelae in the reproductive tract and the development of antimicrobial resistance. Its role as a cause of proctitis in people with high-risk sexual behaviour has not been properly defined yet but it seems to be less symptomatic than proctitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae. We present a case of a man who has sex with men with proctitis associated with M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956462419825896DOI Listing
February 2019

The use of multiplex PCR for the detection of atypical pathogens in Egyptian children with CAP: a high rate of in early infancy.

J Egypt Public Health Assoc 2019 18;94(1). Epub 2019 Jan 18.

2Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 2 Atteia Abd El Hadi St., El Maadi, Cairo, 11562 Egypt.

Background: Atypical pathogen infections played an important role in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. Pathogen-specific clinical symptoms are often lacking, and it is difficult to detect atypical pathogens by culture methods. The use of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods enables testing for many pathogens simultaneously in a single analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s42506-018-0003-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338716PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Pericarditis.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address:

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an atypical bacterium that is frequently implicated in respiratory infections, but uncommonly identified as a cause of pericarditis. We report 2 cases of pericarditis attributed to M. pneumoniae that were characterized by prolonged respiratory prodromes, pericardial, and pleural effusions, elevated inflammatory markers, and relapsing clinical courses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019

Mycoplasma pneumoniae protects infected epithelial cells from hydrogen peroxide-induced cell detachment.

Cell Microbiol 2019 Jan 31:e13015. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of Microbiology, Department of Infectious Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Epithelial cell shedding is a defense mechanism against infectious microbes that use these cells as an infection foothold, and that eliminates microbes from infection foci by removing infected cells. Mycoplasma pneumoniae, a causative agent of respiratory infections, is known to adhere to and colonize the surface of ciliated airway epithelial cells; it produces a large amount of hydrogen peroxide, indicating its capability of regulating hydrogen peroxide-induced infected cell detachment. In this study, we found that M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cmi.13015DOI Listing
January 2019
4.915 Impact Factor

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification-lateral-flow dipstick (LAMP-LFD) to detect Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae.

World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2019 Jan 30;35(2):31. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

College of Life Sciences, Shihezi University, Xin Jiang, Shihezi, 832000, China.

In order to establish a rapid detection method for Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae, this study used the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique to carry out nucleic acid amplification and chromatographic visualization via a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) assay. The M. ovipneumoniae elongation factor TU gene (EF-TU) was detected using a set of specific primers designed for the EF-TU gene, and the EF-TU FIP was detected by biotin labeling, which was used in the LAMP amplification reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-019-2601-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Mycoplasma genitalium infection among women living with HIV in South Africa: a prospective cohort study.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Clinical Research Department, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

This prospective cohort study of 622 women living with HIV from Johannesburg (2012) detected MG in 7.4%(95%CI:5.5-9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz045DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Rapid diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumonia infection by denaturation bubble-mediated strand exchange amplification: comparison with LAMP and real-time PCR.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 29;9(1):896. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

College of Life Sciences, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266071, PR China.

M. pneumoniae infection is often ignored due to its similar clinical symptom with respiratory tract infections caused by bacteria or viruses, and thus leading to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. It is critical to develop a rapid, sensitive and specific diagnosis method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36751-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351683PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Outbreak of Chlamydia pneumoniae Infections and X-ray-Confirmed Pneumonia in Army Trainees at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, 2014.

Mil Med 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

US Army Public Health Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

Introduction: Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) is a bacterium that causes pneumonia and other respiratory diseases. Fever may be present early but absent by time of presentation to clinic. Increases in X-ray-confirmed pneumonia (XCP) and laboratory-confirmed Cp infections were observed in new soldiers in training at Fort Leonard Wood (FLW), Missouri, early in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy402DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

M. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae are no relevant pathogens in critically ill patients with hospital-acquired respiratory tract infections.

Infection 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Institute for Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Jena University Hospital, Am Klinikum 1, 07747, Jena, Germany.

Purpose: To assess the incidence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae in the pathogenesis of hospital-acquired respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in critically ill patients.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of all ICU-patients ≥ 18 years with RTI who underwent conventional culture techniques and PCR testing for both M. pneumoniae and C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15010-019-01273-xDOI Listing
January 2019
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[Comparison of immunochromatographic (IC) and real-time polymerase chain reaction (Rt-PCR) tests for screening Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma spp. and Mycoplasma spp. in HIV-infected men].

Mikrobiyol Bul 2019 Jan;53(1):37-42

Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ankara, Turkey.

Laboratory testing is critical for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as most of the infected people usually have no symptoms. It is known that having HIV and STI coinfection increases the risk of HIV transmission. Sensitive tests are required for the infection control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/mb.67694DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Pharmacokinetic considerations in selecting optimal antibiotic therapy for Mycoplasma pneumoniae encephalitis.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Division of Infectious Disease, Rhode Island Hospital and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, USA.

Effective antimicrobial therapy depends on several factors including degree of activity against the pathogen, antibiotic resistance, and when relevant, optimal tissue penetration factors. Central nervous system (CNS) infections illustrate these points well. The pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters important in antibiotic blood cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB) penetration that is important in meningitis are different and do not predict blood brain barrier (BBB) penetration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-018-03448-0DOI Listing
January 2019

Positively interacting strains that co-circulate within a network structured population induce cycling epidemics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 24;9(1):541. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance and Control, Public Health England, London, UK.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is considered a common cause of pneumonia, causing about 15-20% of adult community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and up to 40% of cases in children. It has often been observed that MP epidemics last approximately 1-2 years and occur every 3-7 years, with the dominant strains alternating between epidemics. However, the underlying mechanism by which these cycles and changes in the dominant strains occur remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36325-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345813PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Identfication of viral and bacterial etiologic agents of the pertussis-like syndrome in children under 5 years old hospitalized.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 21;19(1):75. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

School of Medicine. Research and Innovation Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru.

Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children, remaining a major public health concern, especially affecting children under 5 years old from low-income countries. Unfortunately, information regarding their epidemiology is still limited in Peru.

Methods: A secondary data analysis was performed from a previous cross-sectional study conducted in children with a probable diagnosis of Pertussis from January 2010 to July 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3671-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341522PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Multidisciplinary approach to prostatitis.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2019 Jan 18;90(4):227-248. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

ASST Nord Milano.

The modern clinical research on prostatitis started with the work of Stamey and coworkers who developed the basic principles we are still using. They established the segmented culture technique for localizing the infections in the males to the urethra, the bladder, or the prostate and to differentiate the main categories of prostatitis. Such categories with slight modifications are still used according to the NIH classification: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS) and asymptomatic prostatitis. Read More

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https://www.pagepressjournals.org/index.php/aiua/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2018.4.227DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Pharmacokinetic considerations regarding the treatment of bacterial sexually transmitted infections with azithromycin: a review.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Rates of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to rise, demanding treatments to be highly effective. However, curing infections faces significant challenges due to antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium and especially treating STIs at extragenital sites, particularly rectal chlamydia and oropharyngeal gonorrhoea. As no new antimicrobials are entering the market, clinicians must optimize the currently available treatments, but robust data are lacking on how the properties or pharmacokinetics of antimicrobials can be used to inform STI treatment regimens to improve treatment outcomes. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jac/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jac
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dky548DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Turning the Tide against Antibiotic Resistance by Evaluating Novel, Halogenated Phenazine, Quinoline, and NH125 Compounds against spp. Clinical Isolates and Mycoplasma Type Strains.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

Escalating levels of antibiotic resistance in mycoplasmas, particularly macrolide resistance in and , have narrowed our antibiotic arsenal. Further, mycoplasmas lack a cell wall and do not synthesize folic acid, rendering common antibiotics such as beta-lactams, vancomycin, sulfonamides and trimethoprim of no value. To address this shortage, we screened nitroxoline, triclosan, and a library of 20 novel, halogenated phenazine, quinoline, and NH125 analogues against spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02265-18DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Infection due to Mycoplasma hominis after left hip replacement: case report and literature review.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 14;19(1):50. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Hip replacement is generally conducted in those with prolonged arthritis pain or hip fractures, and postoperative infection is a serious complication. Mycoplasma hominis, belonging to mycoplasma species, exists mainly in the genitourinary tract. M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3686-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332536PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Respiratory Pathogens in Infants Diagnosed with Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Western India Using Multiplex Real Time PCR.

Indian J Pediatr 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Pediatrics, T.N. Medical College & B.Y.L. Nair Hospital, Mumbai, India.

Objective: To determine the frequency of respiratory pathogens in infants diagnosed with acute lower respiratory tract infections.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional observational study was conducted in infants hospitalized with a diagnosis of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI), in a tertiary care hospital in a metropolitan city of Western India. Nasopharyngeal swabs were analyzed by multiplex real time polymerase chain reaction, for 18 viruses and 3 bacteria (H. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-018-2840-8DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

First detection and characterization of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae strains in Cuba.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Jan 10;80:115-117. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

TU Dresden, Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, Dresden, Germany.

Objectives: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia in humans. Treatment of infections can be complicated by the occurrence of macrolide resistant strains. The study was conducted to evaluate the presence of resistant strains in Cuba and to determine the corresponding genotypes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S12019712193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.12.018DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Investigation of fluoroquinolone resistance mechanism in Mycoplasma hominis isolated from urogenital samples in a Chinese hospital.

J Med Microbiol 2019 Feb 11;68(2):206-210. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

1​Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China.

Purpose: Mycoplasma hominis is considered among the causes of urogenital infections and shows increasing resistance to fluoroquinolones. However, data regarding the fluoroquinolone resistance mechanism of M. hominis in Southwest China are limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000913DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of pre-farrowing sow vaccination against on offspring colonisation and lung lesions.

Vet Rec 2019 Feb 10;184(7):222. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Unit Porcine Health Management, Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics & Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.

This study investigated colonisation and lung lesions at slaughter in pigs from vaccinated (V) and non-vaccinated (NV) sows, in two herds (A and B). In each herd, two sow batches were V against with a commercial bacterin at six and three weeks before farrowing and two sow batches remained NV. From each sow batch, laryngeal swabs were collected from the litters of five primiparous sows at weaning and seven days post-weaning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.104972DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The association between sociodemographic, hormonal, tubo-ovarian factors and bacterial count in and infections with infertility.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2019 Jan 11;26(1):20-23. Epub 2016 Nov 11.

Department of Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

To determine if there is an association between the and infections with socio-demographic and clinical factors, and also with infertility. We conducted a study on 100 infertile married women and 100 control group, and collected data on the socio-demographic, hormonal and tubo-ovarian factors. The results of the endocervical swabs were analyzed for and infection, the bacterial counts were also determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.11.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318781PMC
January 2019
1 Read

and haemoplasma infections not associated with clinical signs in southern bent-winged bats () and eastern bent-winged bats ().

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2019 Apr 1;8:10-18. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Melbourne Veterinary School, The Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, 3030, Australia.

While bats are often viewed as carriers of infectious disease agents, little research has been conducted on the effects these pathogens may have on the bat populations themselves. The southern bent-winged bat () is a critically endangered subspecies endemic to south-eastern Australia. Population numbers of this bat have declined over the past 50 years, but the reasons for this are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2018.11.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287050PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Trichomonas vaginalis and Mycoplasma hominis: new tales of two old friends.

Parasitology 2019 Jan 8:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Biomedical Sciences,University of Sassari,Sassari,Italy.

Trichomonas vaginalis is an anaerobic protist, responsible for the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted infection in humans. One of the most intriguing aspects of T. vaginalis pathobiology is the complex relationship with intracellular microbial symbionts: a group of dsRNA viruses belonging to family of Totiviridae (T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182018002135DOI Listing
January 2019

Pseudotumour cerebri associated with mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and treatment with levofloxacin: a case report.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Jan 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione IRCSS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, and a Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumour cerebri syndrome (PTCS), is characterized by the presence of signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure without evidence of any intracranial structural cause and with normal cerebrospinal fluid microscopy and biochemistry. Obesity, various systemic diseases and endocrine conditions, and a number of medications are known to be risk factors for PTCS. The medications commonly associated with PTCS are amiodarone, antibiotics, corticosteroids, cyclosporine, growth hormone, oral contraceptives, vitamin A analogues, lithium, phenytoin, NSAIDs, leuprolide acetate, and some neuroleptic drugs. Read More

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https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1371-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320575PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Eggshell apex abnormalities caused by two different Mycoplasma synoviae genotypes and evaluation of eggshell anomalies by full-field optical coherence tomography.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Jan 3;15(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Poultry Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Al. Partyzantów 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.

Background: Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) is an important poultry pathogen worldwide. This bacterium may cause eggshell changes including an altered shell surface, thinning, and increased translucency in different areas, which leads to a greater incidence of eggshell cracks and breaks. In the present study the association between experimental infection of birds with two field strains of MS from different genotypes and the production of abnormal eggs is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1758-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318842PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Levels of antimicrobial resistance differ by both region and gender in the state of Queensland, Australia: implications for treatment guidelines.

J Clin Microbiol 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research (UQ-CCR), The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

is frequently associated with urogenital and rectal infections, with the number of cases of macrolide resistant and quinolone resistant continuing to increase. In this study, we examined the levels of antibiotic resistance to these two common antibiotic treatments in geographically distinct locations in Queensland, Australia. Samples were screened for macrolide resistance-associated mutations using a commercially available kit (ResistancePlus™ MG; SpeeDx) and quinolone resistance-associated mutations were identified by PCR and DNA sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01555-18DOI Listing
January 2019

Identification of targets of monoclonal antibodies that inhibit adhesion and growth in Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2018 Oct 10;204:11-18. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Biosciences, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides (Mmm) adhesion is tissue and host specific. Inhibition of adhesion will prevent Mmm from binding to lung cells and hence prevent colonization and disease. The aim of this study was to develop a panel of Mmm monoclonal antibodies against Mmm and use these antibodies to investigate their inhibitory effect on the adherence of Mmm to bovine lung epithelial cells (BoLEC), and to further identify an antigen to any of the inhibitory antibodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2018.09.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215757PMC
October 2018
1 Read

A Case of Influenza B and Coinfection in an Adult.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 25;2018:3529358. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tokyo Dental College Ichikawa General Hospital, 5-11-13, Sugano, Ichikawa, Chiba 272-0824, Japan.

A 19-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a persistent fever and cough that lasted for over a week. Influenza B virus infection was diagnosed using the rapid test kit. Initially, the patient was diagnosed with influenza B infection associated with lobar pneumonia and treated with an anti-influenza virus drug and sulbactam/ampicillin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3529358DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286767PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Necrotizing pneumonia due to Mycoplasma in children: an uncommon presentation of a common disease.

Adv Respir Med 2018 Dec 30. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS. COMPLEJO HOSPITAL DE NAVARRA, C/ IRUNLARREA 3, 31008 PAMPLONA, Spain; INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACION SANITARIA DE NAVARRA IdisNa, c Irunlarrea, 31008 pamplona, Spain.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common respiratory pathogen, especially in children, responsible for community-acquired pneumonia. Although, in most cases, infections caused by this bacterium follow a benign self-limited clinical course, cases of severe respiratory infections have been reported. We present two pediatric cases of necrotizing pneumonia due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/ARM.a2018.0049DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Antibiotic susceptibility profiles of Mycoplasma hyorhinis strains isolated from swine in Hungary.

Vet Microbiol 2019 Jan 28;228:196-201. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Institute for Veterinary Medical Research, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungária körút 21, Budapest, 1143, Hungary; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hungária körút 23-25, Budapest, 1143, Hungary. Electronic address:

Mycoplasma hyorhinis is a common pathogen of swine causing mainly polyserositis and arthritis, but it has also been implicated as a cause of pneumonia. The economic losses due to M. hyorhinis infection could be reduced by antibiotic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.11.027DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Impact of bacterial and viral coinfection in community-acquired pneumonia in adults.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Bacterial and viral coinfected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is poorly characterized in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of bacterial and viral coinfection in patients with CAP. A total of 235 adults who requested molecular tests of pneumonia and were diagnosed with CAP were enrolled in this study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07328893183066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2018.11.014DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Looking at the positives: proactive management of STIs in people with HIV.

AIDS Res Ther 2018 Dec 21;15(1):28. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Patients who are HIV-positive and co-infected with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality. This is of clinical significance. There has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of STIs, particularly syphilis, gonorrhoea, Mycoplasma genitalium and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV-positive patients. Read More

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https://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12981-018-0216-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302453PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Species of Mycoplasma causing contagious agalactia in small ruminants in Northwest Iran.

Vet Ital 2018 Sep 30;54(3):205-210. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Veterinary Aerobic Bacterial Vaccine Quality Control Laboratory, Razi Vaccine & Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Contagious agalactia (CA) is a serious disease of small ruminants that occurs in many countries, and is usually characterized by mastitis, arthritis, keratoconjunctivitis, pleuropneumonia, and septicemia. Mycoplasma agalactiae (Ma) is the main causative agent in sheep and goats but other pathogens including Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri (Mmc, which incorporates the former M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.831.4072.2DOI Listing
September 2018

Development of a recombinase polymerase amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick assay for rapid detection of the Mycoplasma bovis.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Dec 20;14(1):412. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Key Laboratory of Animal Resistant Biology of Shandong, Ruminant Disease Research Center, College of Life Science Shandong Normal University, No.88 Wenhua East Road, Lixia District, Jinan, 250014, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is a major etiological agent of bovine mycoplasmosis around the world. Point-of-care testing in the field is lacking owing to the requirement for a simple, robust field applicable test that does not require professional laboratory equipment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1703-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302395PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Atypical pathogens in hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia: a worldwide perspective.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 18;18(1):677. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Division of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Background: Empirical antibiotic coverage for atypical pathogens in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has long been debated, mainly because of a lack of epidemiological data. We aimed to assess both testing for atypical pathogens and their prevalence in hospitalized patients with CAP worldwide, especially in relation with disease severity.

Methods: A secondary analysis of the GLIMP database, an international, multicentre, point-prevalence study of adult patients admitted for CAP in 222 hospitals across 6 continents in 2015, was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3565-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299604PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and Incidence of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Events Are Elevated Prior to the Development of Rheumatoid Arthritis in First-Degree Relatives.

Front Immunol 2018 29;9:2771. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Central Research Laboratory, State Medical Academy, Kazan, Russia.

The aim of this study was to characterize infection events in a longitudinal cohort of first-degree relatives (FDR) of probands with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and explore their associations with RA development. To this end, newly diagnosed RA patients ( = 283), unaffected related FDR and age-matched healthy women were ascertained from the Caucasian triple women prospective Tatarstan cohort. In this cohort initiated in 1997, 26/283 (9. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fimmu.2018.02771
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.02771DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6281887PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Increasing proportion of herpes simplex virus type 1 among women and men diagnosed with first-episode anogenital herpes: a retrospective observational study over 14 years in Melbourne, Australia.

Sex Transm Infect 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: Reports of rising herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genital infections relative to HSV-2 have been published up to 2006 in Australia. These changes have been attributed to declining childhood immunity to HSV-1. We described the temporal trends of HSV-1 and HSV-2 up to 2017 in Melbourne, Australia, to determine if the earlier trend is continuing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2018-053830DOI Listing
December 2018

Rebound in Sexually Transmitted Infections Following the Success of Antiretrovirals for HIV/AIDS.

AIDS Rev 2018 ;20(4):187-204

Sexually Transmitted infections Unit, Centro Sanitario Sandoval. Madrid, Spain.

Nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of the four major curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs), namely trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Despite huge global incidence, STIs remain as neglected diseases. The success of antiretrovirals for halting progression to AIDS in HIV-infected individuals and for stopping HIV transmission to uninfected contacts, either as pre- or post-exposure -prophylaxis, has to lead to increased risky sexual behaviors through risk compensation. Read More

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http://www.aidsreviews.com/resumen.php?id=1448
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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/AIDSRev.18000034DOI Listing
January 2018
14 Reads

[Microbiological analysis of the maternal genital tract and umbilical cord blood and its association with neonatal damage].

Rev Argent Microbiol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Laboratorio de Bacteriología Clínica, Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Córdoba, CABA, Argentina. Electronic address:

The etiology leading to neonatal damage is multifactorial, being genital infections one of the causes. The objective of the study was to identify microorganisms of the maternal genital tract that are associated with neonatal damage, in order to prevent future perinatal complications. Seven hundred and eleven pregnant patients attended their prenatal control during the period January 2010-July 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ram.2017.09.005DOI Listing
December 2018

Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and asthma in children.

Trop Doct 2018 Dec 11:49475518816591. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

4 Research Associate, Department of Microbiology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

A clinical association between exacerbation of asthma symptoms and Mycoplasma pneumoniae ( M. pneumoniae) infection has long been suspected. We studied 80 children aged 5-15 years; 50 with asthma (Group 1) and 30 without an acute exacerbation of asthma (Group 2) for detection of M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049475518816591DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads
0.528 Impact Factor

Complete Genome Sequence of Mycoplasma gallopavonis Type Strain WR1.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 29;7(21). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses (IBIZ), Jena, Germany.

Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Mycoplasma gallopavonis type strain WR1 (= ATCC 33551 = NCTC 10186), which is a common microorganism in eastern wild turkeys and is considered a nonpathogenic commensal in turkeys. Read More

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http://genomea.asm.org/lookup/doi/10.1128/MRA.01256-18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.01256-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284725PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Antibiotic susceptibility testing of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae field isolates from Central Europe for fifteen antibiotics by microbroth dilution method.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(12):e0209030. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute for Veterinary Medical Research, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infections are responsible for significant economic losses in the swine industry. Commercially available vaccines are not able to inhibit the colonisation of the respiratory tract by M. hyopneumoniae absolutely, therefore vaccination can be completed with antibiotic treatment to moderate clinical signs and improve performances of the animals. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209030PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289410PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Infectious and Noninfectious Acute Pericarditis in Children: An 11-Year Experience.

Int J Pediatr 2018 8;2018:5450697. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA.

Objective: The study was undertaken to determine the etiology, review management, and outcome in children diagnosed with acute pericarditis during 11 years at tertiary pediatric institution.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of children diagnosed between 2004 and 2014. Patients with postsurgical pericardial effusions were excluded. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/5450697/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5450697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250032PMC
November 2018
15 Reads