Background: The role fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnosis of salivary gland lesions has evolved over the years. Although clinical and radiological parameters help to narrow the differential diagnosis the tissue diagnosis still remains the gold standard.
Materials And Methods: This study is from January 2013 to December 2015 in our Department of Pathology where 170 salivary gland lesions were aspirated. Read More
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 910 Madison Ave., Suite 430, Memphis, TN 38163, USA.
A sinonasal mucocele can develop after the obstruction of a sinus ostium, which can occur secondary to trauma, infection, a neoplasm, or an iatrogenic cause. These mucoceles typically arise in the frontal and ethmoid sinuses. Sinonasal mucoceles are epithelium-lined cysts that can gradually expand to fill a paranasal sinus. Read More
Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the frequency, locations, and dimensions of mucous retention cysts of the maxillary sinus and analyze potential associated dental pathology.
Materials And Methods: A total of 156 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were included in the analysis, resulting in an evaluation of 310 maxillary sinuses. The presence of mucous retention cysts (MRC) manifesting as dome-shaped radiopacities in the sinus was diagnosed. Read More
Arch Craniofac Surg 2017 Mar 25;18(1):1-4. Epub 2017 Mar 25.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
Frontal sinus outflow tract (FSOT) injury may occur in cases of frontal sinus fractures and nasoethmoid orbital fractures. Since the FSOT is lined with mucosa that is responsible for the path from the frontal sinus to the nasal cavity, an untreated injury may lead to complications such as mucocele formation or chronic frontal sinusitis. Therefore, evaluation of FSOT is of clinical significance, with FSOT being diagnosed mostly by computed tomography or intraoperative dye. Read More
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
Fractures of frontal sinus account for 5%-12% of all fractures of facial skeleton. Inadequately treated frontal sinus injuries may result in malposition of sinus structures, as well as subsequent distortion of the overlying soft tissue. Such inappropriate treatment can result in aesthetic complaints (contour deformity) as well as medical complications (recurrent sinusitis, mucocele or mucopyocele, osteomyelitis of the frontal bone, meningitis, encephalitis, brain abscess or thrombosis of the cavernous sinus) with potentially fatal outcomes. Read More
Department of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, via Livornese Lato Monte - 56124 San Piero a Grado, Pisa, Italy.
A case of exophthalmos due to zygomatic mucocele in a puppy with ipsilateral segmental maxillary atrophy is reported. A 7-month-old, mixed breed, male dog suffered the sudden-onset of unilateral painful exophthalmos and a gradual swelling of the right temporal region. A compressing, right retrobulbar mass was observed by ultrasound. Read More
Background: Abdomen is considered a magic box or a Pandora box where you will get different, unexpected pathologies along with rare entities. Appendicitis is the commonest emergency in surgery which presents challenges to surgeons because of a myriad list of differential diagnosis including both medical and gynaecological pathologies. Preoperative imaging plays an important role in diagnosis and management. Read More
This case series study demonstrates the possibility of successful implant rehabilitation without bone augmentation in the atrophic posterior maxilla with cystic lesion in the sinus. Sinus lift without bone graft using the lateral approach was performed. In one patient, the cyst was aspirated and simultaneous implantation under local anesthesia was performed, whereas the other cyst was removed under general anesthesia, and the sinus membrane was elevated in a second process, followed by implantation. Read More
Case Rep Otolaryngol 2017 7;2017:7567838. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
Hnos Ameijeiras Hospital, Havana, Cuba.
Introduction: The paranasal sinuses mucoceles are benign expansive cystic lesions that occur rarely in the sphenoid sinus and contain mucous material enclosed by cylindrical pseudostratified epithelium.
Objective: To report one case of sphenoid sinus mucocele that occurred with headache and was submitted to surgical treatment through endonasal endoscopy approach.
Case Report: 59-year-old male patient with history of increasing frontoorbital, bilateral, fluctuating headache and exophthalmos. Read More
Two dogs with previous parotid duct transpositions presented with unrelated ocular disease. In both cases, ophthalmic examination revealed the need for enucleation or exenteration. In case 1, systemic coccidioidomycosis was diagnosed with panuveitis and secondary glaucoma of the left eye. Read More
Introduction: Heterotopic pancreas (HP) has rarely been identified in the wall of choledochal cyst (CC).
Methods: Retrospectively we screened 200 excised specimens of CC received at our Institute over a period of last eight years and looked for presence of HP rests in them. All the specimens were processed in their entirety. Read More
There are various causes that can lead to compressive optic neuropathy. We present here orbital apex cyst as an unusual cause of compressive optic neuropathy in a 49-year-old male. He presented with 2 weeks painless loss of vision in the left eye with left-sided headache. Read More
Orbital surgeons are quite familiar with the diagnosis and management of paranasal sinus mucoceles due their frequent involvement of the orbit. These benign masses form and expand following sinus outflow obstruction secondary to various causes including trauma, inflammation and malignancy, amongst others. The authors present two cases of isolated orbital mucoceles without associated sinus outflow obstruction. Read More
About 50% of scuba divers have suffered from barotrauma of the ears and about one-third from barotrauma of paranasal sinuses. The sphenoid sinuses are rarely involved. Vital structures, as internal carotid artery and optic nerve, adjoin the sphenoid sinus. Read More
Paranasal sinus mucoceles are mucus-containing cystic structures with an epithelial lining that completely fills in the paranasal sinuses. Although they are benign in nature, they may result in the destruction of the surrounding bony structures over time. Clinical findings such as exophthalmia, visual impairment, and diplopia occur due to pressure of the fronto-ethmoidal mucocele on the orbita. Read More
Orbital subperiosteal abscess (OSPA) secondary to paranasal sinus mucocele (PSM) is rare, and it may be misdiagnosed as PSM with orbital invasion or even as a malignant neoplasm. The present study explored the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of OSPA. The cases of 13 patients with OSPA secondary to PSM were retrospectively reviewed. Read More
Large posterior mediastinal masses may lead threatening complications such as critical tracheobronchial compression. Airway management in these individuals is a challenge and being a lower airway obstruction; rescue strategies are limited. We encountered one such case of a large esophageal mucocele causing extrinsic tracheobronchial compression. Read More
Oesophageal mucocele is an uncommon complication of bipolar exclusion of oesophagus. Traditionally, this condition is managed through thoracotomy which is associated with significant morbidity. The present report outlines the thoracoscopic management of oesophageal mucocele following surgical exclusion for oesophageal perforation. Read More
3 Department of Otolaryngology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.
Objective Paranasal sinus mucoceles are benign cystic lesions originating from sinus mucosa that can impinge on adjacent orbital structures, causing ophthalmic sequelae such as decreased visual acuity. Definitive treatment requires surgery. We present the first meta-analysis quantifying the effect of preoperative visual function and time to surgery on postoperative visual acuity outcomes. Read More
The complications of sinusitis are essentially secondary to ethmoidal and frontal sinusitis, occurring in patients weakened, particularly in case of immunodeficiency or anatomical defects. The gravity is due to the risk of spreading infection in intracranial tissues and orbital cavity. The diagnosis is always to discuss any symptomatology resistant to treatment and the appearance of orbital or neurological signs. Read More
We performed nail fold reconstruction after digital mucous cyst (DMC) excision using an island-type lateral finger flap on seven patients (four males and three females). Our procedure is a simple and useful method to repair minor nail fold lesion defects after DMC excision. Read More
J Surg Case Rep 2017 Jun 14;2017(6):rjx107. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
Department of Neurosurgery, Anthea Hospital, Bari, Italy.
Frontal sinus mucoceles are benign, pseudocystic lesion deriving from the obliteration of the sinus ostium, resulting in a continuous mucous accumulation. The growing process of a mucocele leads to a progressive enlargement of the sinus cavity, thickening and eroding its bony walls up to invading the surrounding tissues. The surgical procedure through an endoscopic endonasal approach is the current treatment option for such conditions, but in cases with an extensive bone erosion and intracranial or intraorbital extension, a transcranial approach should be preferred. Read More
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, NHE - CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, Université d'Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand 63003, France; UMR Inserm/UdA, U1107, Neuro-Dol, Trigeminal Pain and Migraine, Université d'Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand 63003, France.
Mucocoele of the Blandin-Nühn glands and teratomas of the tongue are rare in newborn babies. We present what is to our knowledge the first documented case of both at the same time, and describe management and follow up over 12 months after the birth. Prenatal diagnosis defined the treatment plan during delivery to establish an airway for the baby promptly. Read More
Introduction: Appendiceal mucoceles encompass neoplastic and non-neoplastic causes of a distended Appendix filled with mucus. Appendectomy is recommended when an appendiceal mucocele is identified, incidentally or otherwise, in the event it is secondary to a malignancy. For an intact mucocele, it is critically important to avoid rupturing the mucocele during resection, as rupture of a neoplastic mucocele can result in pseudomyxoma peritonei, or mucin deposits in the peritoneum, which is associated with long-term morbidity and mortality. Read More
Radiographics 2017 Jul-Aug;37(4):1059-1083. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
From the Departments of Radiology (L.M.L., M.K.P.) and Pathology (J.P.), Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, 757 Westwood Plaza, Suite 1638, Los Angeles, CA 90095; and Department of Radiology, Olive View-UCLA Medical Center, Sylmar, Calif (L.M.L., A.P., M.K.P., M.J.N., C.M.J.).
Appendiceal neoplasms are uncommon tumors of the gastrointestinal tract that may manifest with symptoms of appendicitis, right lower quadrant pain, or palpable mass, leading to imaging or surgical intervention. The majority of appendiceal masses consist of primary epithelial neoplasms and neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Epithelial neoplasms-mucinous and nonmucinous types-are more often detected at imaging than NETs due to their larger size and propensity for peritoneal spread and metastatic disease. Read More
Context: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) and appendiceal adenocarcinoma are known to cause the majority of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP, i.e. mucinous ascites); however, recognition and proper classification of these neoplasms can be difficult despite established diagnostic criteria. Read More
Mucocele is a common salivary gland disorder that can appear in the lacrimal sac, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity, appendix, or gall bladder. These lesions occur due to mucous accumulation resulting from the alteration of minor salivary glands. Lower lip is the most common site of occurrence of these lesions in the oral cavity and most probable cause is trauma or habit of lip biting. Read More
Introduction: Radiological imaging of the gallbladder is a fundamental aspect of assessing severity of acute cholecystitis in addition to guiding the optimal timing of surgical intervention. We present a case of acute severe cholecystitis with massive gallbladder mucocele initially presenting with equivocal and inconclusive clinical, laboratory, and ultrasound findings. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography allowed accurate evaluation of cholelithiasis and demonstrated a massive gallbladder mucocele. Read More
Intra-abdominal and intra-pelvic pathologies initially presenting in extra-abdominal/pelvic locations is unusual. This spread predominantly occurs with infectious processes to sites including the buttock, thigh, and calf. The routes of extension into adjacent anatomically weak compartments include the pelvic outlet, greater sciatic foramen, obturator foramen, inguinal or femoral canal, weak bones, or along nerves and blood vessels. Read More
We present the case of an 81-year-old man with a known appendicular mucocele who presented to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain. A CT scan showed a change in orientation of the previously seen ovoid mass with surrounding fat stranding suggesting torsion. An emergency laparotomy with appendicectomy and resection of the caecal pole was performed. Read More
Background: The term mucocele refers to the dilatation of the appendix due to mucus, and it is an uncommon disorder with an estimated incidence of 0.2%-0.3% of all appendectomies performed and 8%-10% of all appendiceal tumors. Read More
Digital mucous cysts (DMC) are common benign myxoid cysts typically located on the fingers and toes. Recently, dermoscopic patterns of DMC were reported. However, only a small number of cases were described in the published work; therefore, information on this topic is scarce in the published work. Read More
Sinonasal infections and nasal polyps can be taken as 2 components of a disease. Polyps due to chronic inflammations of nasal cavity and sinuses are not rare. They may present with various clinical signs and symptoms, while the secondary complications may cause serious problems. Read More
Objective: Osteoma is the most common benign tumor of the paranasal sinuses. The clinical characteristics and treatment of this disease remain controversial. The aim of this study is to determine the appropriate method of treatment approach according to the features of osteomas. Read More
This case report describes common oral inflammatory findings leading to the identification of Chédiak-Higashi syndrome (CHS). A 15-year-old girl presented with an enlarging and painful mass on the upper lip. Two weeks after the initial visit, the mass showed further protrusion in the absence of fever. Read More
Purpose: To study the time to wound healing and recurrence rate achieved in the treatment of distal interphalangeal joint mucous cysts using the Zitelli modified bilobed flap.
Methods: We surgically treated 33 patients from January 2006 to June 2015. We assessed demographic data, comorbidities, location and size of the cyst, time to wound healing, and complications. Read More
Aim: Large-scale population-based screening studies have identified lip lesions to be the most common oral mucosal lesions; however, few studies have been carried out to estimate the prevalence of lip lesions exclusively. The aim of present study is to highlight the diversity of lip lesions and determine their prevalence in an unbiased Indian population.
Materials And Methods: Lip lesions were selected from 3009 patients who visited the department over a period of 3 years (January 2012 to December 2014). Read More
Objectives: To report the prevalence and types of biopsied oral and maxillofacial lesions (OMLs) in South-Western (Jazan Province) region, , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods: This retrospective study was based on the retrieval of clinicopathological data for a period of 6 years between January 2009 and December 2014. These data were obtained between October 2014 and June 2015 from the histopathology records of King Fahad Central Hospital, Jazan, KSA, which is the only referral center for biopsy services. Read More
Introduction: Bronchogenic cysts are congenital cysts arising as an abnormal budding from primitive tracheobronchial tree. They are lined by pseudostratified columnar or cuboidal ciliated epithelium and contain smooth muscle fibers, submucosal bronchial glands and/or cartilage. They are most frequently located in the mediastinum or the lung parenchyma. Read More
Background: Retrospective studies to assess the distribution of oral diseases (ODs) are helpful in estimating the prevalence of oral diagnoses in the population, and thus help in preventive and curative services. Prevalence and frequency data for ODs are available from many countries, but information from Chile is scarce.
Material And Methods: This study investigated the frequency of OD in a Chilean population. Read More
Background: Despite advances in endoscopic sinus surgery, frontal sinus obliteration is still indicated in some cases. Current options for obliteration include autologous and synthetic materials. The use of ß-tricalcium phosphate as a resorbable bone graft substitute is a good alternative for frontal sinus obliteration. Read More
Objective: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the postoperative results of partial glossectomy for early tongue cancer using a carbon dioxide laser (CO2 laser).
Background Data: CO2 lasers are frequently used for the excision or treatment of soft tissue in a range of diseases, including oral cancer, leukoplakia, mucocele, anomalies of the labial and lingual frenum, and peri-implantitis.
Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 31 primary cases of early superficial tongue cancer that were treated using CO2 lasers. Read More
Vallecular cysts are formed when the duct of a mucous gland or lingual tonsillar crypt is dilated owing to obstruction from inflammation, irritation, or trauma. Small cysts are usually asymptomatic; however, cyst growth results in dysphagia, odynophagia, and acute airway complications. As complete transoral laser excision of a vallecular cyst often results in cyst resolution and improved symptoms, proper diagnosis and management of vallecular lesions are important. Read More
The salivary duct cyst (SDC) is a reactive ductal ectasia most frequently seen in major salivary glands, and likely caused by obstruction. The aim of this study is to define the clinical and histopathologic spectrum of intraoral SDCs. Cases were retrieved from the archives of Harvard School of Dental Medicine/StrataDx, Inc. Read More
The gallbladder polyps are a common finding during ultrasonography but only in rare cases they may be a cancer. When a polyp is greater than 1 cm, the cholecystectomy is usually performed. In these images, a polyp of 4 cm corresponding to a collection of mucus (mucocele) is reported. Read More