4,895 results match your criteria Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue


Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the parotid gland - a case report.

Med Ultrason 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

"Iuliu Hațieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Implantology, 33 Moților Street, 400001, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the parotid gland is a rare entity among head and neck tumours. We report a case of a patient with a medical history of diffuse large B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma with complete remission following chemotherapy, who presented seven years afterwards with a progressive painless hard swelling of the right parotidgland. Ultrasonography followed by contrast-enhanced MRI features was consistent with a malignant tumour. Read More

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An elderly male with nonresolving consolidation.

Lung India 2021 May-Jun;38(3):273-276

Department of Pathology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

An 81-year-old male presented with a background history of progressive shortness of breath for 3 years with recent worsening in the past 6 months. Clinicoradiological investigations were consistent with a nonresolving consolidation involving predominantly right lung. This clinicopathologic conference discusses the differential diagnoses of pneumonia of long-standing duration and their management options. Read More

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Rare lymphomas in routine practice - Treatment and outcome in marginal zone lymphoma in the prospective German Tumour Registry Lymphatic Neoplasms.

Hematol Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Praxis für interdisziplinäre Onkologie & Hämatologie, Freiburg, Germany.

Owing to its heterogeneity and rarity, management of disseminated marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZL) remains largely understudied. We present prospective data on choice of systemic treatment and survival of patients with MZL treated in German routine practice. Of 175 patients with MZL who had been documented in the prospective clinical cohort study Tumour Registry Lymphatic Neoplasms (NCT00889798) collecting data on systemic treatment, 58 were classified as extranodal MZL of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) and 117 as non-MALT MZL. Read More

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Role in staging and prognostic value of pretherapeutic F-18 FDG PET/CT in patients with gastric MALT lymphoma without high-grade transformation.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 29;11(1):9243. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81, Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea.

The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the role in staging and prognostic value of pretherapeutic fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients with gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma without high-grade transformation (HT). We retrospectively reviewed 115 consecutive patients with histopathologically confirmed gastric MALT lymphoma without HT who underwent pretherapeutic F-18 FDG PET/CT. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional-hazards regression analyses were used to identify independent prognostic factors for disease free survival (DFS) among 13 clinical parameters and three PET parameters. Read More

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Epithelial-immune cell interplay in primary Sjögren syndrome salivary gland pathogenesis.

Nat Rev Rheumatol 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

In primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), the function of the salivary glands is often considerably reduced. Multiple innate immune pathways are likely dysregulated in the salivary gland epithelium in pSS, including the nuclear factor-κB pathway, the inflammasome and interferon signalling. The ductal cells of the salivary gland in pSS are characteristically surrounded by a CD4 T cell-rich and B cell-rich infiltrate, implying a degree of communication between epithelial cells and immune cells. Read More

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Amyloid cystic lung disease presenting in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus.

Adv Respir Med 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine Wayne State University School of Medicine Detroit, MI, USA.

A 30-year-old gentleman with a medical history of HIV, on HAART therapy and pulmonary amyloidosis proven by lung biopsy presented with progressive, worsening shortness of breath and chronic productive cough over the last year. Pulmonary function tests showed a severely obstructive process and CT scan of the thorax manifested diffusely thin-walled, air-filled cysts. After reviewing the patient's prior histories, PFTs and CTof the thorax, the most likely cause of his symptoms was amyloid-related cystic lung disease. Read More

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Novel Immune Subsets and Related Cytokines: Emerging Players in the Progression of Liver Fibrosis.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 1;8:604894. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Hepatology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Liver fibrosis is a pathological process caused by persistent chronic injury of the liver. Kupffer cells, natural killer (NK) cells, NKT cells, and dendritic cells (DCs), which are in close contact with T and B cells, serve to bridge innate and adaptive immunity in the liver. Meanwhile, an imbalanced inflammatory response constitutes a challenge in liver disease. Read More

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The formation process of button ulcers in pigs experimentally infected with a subgenotype 2.1 isolate of classical swine fever virus.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

We evaluated the role of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) in the formation of button ulcers in the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses of pigs experimentally infected with a subgenotype 2.1 isolate of CSFV, which was isolated in Japan in 2019, revealed follicular necrosis in the submucosal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and herniation of crypts as factors that contribute to the development of button ulcers during CSFV infection. Read More

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Risk and survival of second primary malignancies following diagnosis of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas: A population-based study.

Curr Probl Cancer 2021 Apr 2:100735. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 899 Pinghai Road, Suzhou, 215006, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Whether gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (GML) is associated with a higher risk of second primary malignancy (SPM) remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the detailed risk of SPM and its prognosis in patients with GML based on a large population-based cohort. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was searched to identify patients who were diagnosed with GML during 2000-2014. Read More

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Update on B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota Medical School, 420 Delaware St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:

The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is home to a significant portion of the immune system, which interacts daily with the antigenic milieu of its contents. Therefore, the presence of white blood cells within the walls of the GI tract upon histologic examination is a familiar sight on GI biopsies-both in health and disease. The GI tract is the most common site of extranodal lymphomas, most of which are B-cell neoplasms. Read More

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Helicobacter pylori outer membrane vesicles induce expression and secretion of oncostatin M in AGS gastric cancer cells.

Braz J Microbiol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University, Rm 333, Beirut, Lebanon.

Helicobacter pylori, a human pathogen that colonizes the stomach of 50% of the world's population, is associated with gastritis, gastric adenocarcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Diseases are characterized by severe inflammatory responses in the stomach that are induced by various chemokines and cytokines. Recently, oncostatin M (OSM), an IL-6 family cytokine, was detected in early gastric cancer biopsies. Read More

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Maltoma veiled in the lung-a rare case of pulmonary and gastric maltoma.

Respir Med Case Rep 2021 19;33:101403. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Departement of Pulmonology and Critical Care, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is a type of B-cell lymphoma that is commonly observed in the gastrointestinal site, most frequently occurring in the stomach. However, the incidence of this type of lymphoma in the respiratory tract is very uncommon. We report a case of this rare clinical entity in a patient who presented with non-symptomatology and was diagnosed with pulmonary MALT lymphoma (pMALToma). Read More

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H. pylori negative gastric MALT lymphoma with API2-MALT1 translocation treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e24371

Department of Gastroenterology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Japan.

Rationale: API2-MALT1 positive gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are considered to have favorable prognosis. We report a case of API2-MALT1 positive gastric MALT lymphoma, treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).

Patient Concerns: A 51-year-old man underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for the annual health checkup examination. Read More

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MALT-1 inhibition attenuates the inflammatory response of ankylosing spondylitis by targeting NF-κB activation.

Injury 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Orthopedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, No. 121 Jiangjiayuan, Nanjing 210011, Jiangsu, China.

Background: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein (MALT)-1 on ankylosing spondylitis and its underlying mechanisms.

Methods: Proteoglycan induced ankylosing spondylitis (PGIA) mouse model was established and the expression patterns of MALT-1 were determined in joint tissue. Next, the mice were intraarticularly administrated with MALT-1 in the PGIA mouse model. Read More

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[Clinicopathological Characteristics of Patients with Intestinal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;29(2):508-514

Department of Oncology, Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan 271199, Shandong Province, China,E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

Methods: The clinical features, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, and EBER in situ hybridization of 136 DLBCL patients diagnosed in Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2007 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 136 DLBCL samples were obtained, the DLBCL sites were categorized as: duodenum (n=23), ileocecal region (n=63), other small intestine (n=29), rectum (n=7), and other large intestine (n=14). Read More

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Primary Hepatic Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue in a Patient with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Case Report and Summary of the Literature.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 18;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.

Background: The incidence of extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) is low, at 7-8% of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. The most common site of MALT lymphoma occurrence is the stomach. Primary hepatic extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of MALT is classified as a type of non-gastric MALT lymphoma and is considered extremely rare, with no consensus on imaging study findings or treatment due to a limited number of reports. Read More

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Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue 1 Is an Oncogene Inducing Cell Proliferation, Invasion, and Tumor Growth via the Upregulation of NF-κB Activity in Human Prostate Carcinoma Cells.

Biomedicines 2021 Mar 3;9(3). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Urology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou, Kwei-Shan, Tao-Yuan 33302, Taiwan.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common seen malignancies and the leading cause of cancer-related death among men. Given the importance of early diagnosis and treatment, it is worth to identify a potential novel therapeutic target for prostate cancer. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue 1 (MALT1) is a novel gene involved in nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signal transduction by acting as an adaptor protein and paracaspase, with an essential role in inflammation and tumorigenesis in many cancers. Read More

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Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma: clinicopathological study and treatment outcome in 50 patients.

Pan Afr Med J 2020 23;37:372. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Pathology Department, Salah Azaiez Institute, Tunis, Tunisia.

The stomach is the most frequent site of extranodal lymphoma. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a low-grade, B-cell neoplasm strongly associated with Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection. The presenting complaints of gastric MALT lymphoma are usually nonspecific. Read More

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Increased Risk of Diabetes after Definitive Radiotherapy in Patients with Indolent Gastroduodenal Lymphoma.

Cancer Res Treat 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of radiotherapy (RT) on the risk of diabetes by assessing hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with gastroduodenal indolent lymphoma.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included patients with stage I extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue or follicular lymphoma of the gastroduodenal region who were treated with Helicobacter pylori eradication and/or RT between 2000 and 2019 in our institution. Of total 79 patients with HbA1c test, 17 patients received RT (RT group), while 62 patients did not receive RT (Control group). Read More

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Involved-site radiotherapy for Helicobacter pylori-independent gastric MALT lymphoma: 26 years of experience with 178 patients.

Blood Adv 2021 Apr;5(7):1830-1836

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; and.

Treatment options for Helicobacter pylori-independent gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (GML) include surgery, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy (RT). The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of RT and routine endoscopic surveillance, hypothesizing that most patients are curable with RT alone. We queried a single institution database at a tertiary referral cancer center for patients with H pylori-independent GML treated with RT between 1991 and 2017. Read More

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Primary hepatic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma: case report and literature review.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2021 1;14(3):375-382. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan 430056, China.

Background: The prevalence of primary hepatic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas is extremely low. Here, we describe a case of this disease misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and review relevant literature to prevent future misdiagnoses.

Case Presentation: a 58-year-old woman complained about abdominal pain for more than four months. Read More

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Unusual Synchronous Association of Solid Tumors with Hematological Malignancies in Multiple Primary Cancers: Case Series and Literature Review.

Case Rep Oncol 2021 Jan-Apr;14(1):352-364. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Medical Oncology, Oncology Center, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

The incidence of synchronous multiple primary malignancies (MPMs), which include both solid and hematological malignancy, is considered very rare. In addition, the involvement of sites such as brain, thyroid, and breast are among the least reported in such complex conditions. Here we report five different types of solid tumors including glioblastoma multiforme, thyroid papillary carcinoma, breast invasive ductal carcinoma, colon cancer, and gastric adenocarcinoma that were associated with synchronous five different hematological malignancies in the form of T-cell lymphoblastic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), nodal marginal zone NHL, diffuse large B-cell NHL, Hodgkin lymphoma, and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue marginal zone NHL, respectively. Read More

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Helicobacter pylori Virulence Factor Genotyping.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2283:93-106

Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, gastric adenocarcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Bacterial, host, and environmental factors influence the progression of disease from superficial gastritis to cancer. Read More

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January 2021

An Overview of Helicobacter pylori Infection.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2283:1-14

Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) represents one of the most widespread bacterial infections globally. Infection causes chronic gastritis and increases the risk of peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Read More

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January 2021

How can we assess and measure prognosis for MALT lymphoma? A review of current findings and strategies.

Expert Rev Hematol 2021 Apr 2;14(4):391-399. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Medicine I, Division of Oncology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: : MALT (mucosa associated lymphoid tissue) lymphoma is a distinct type of B-cell lymphoma characterized by extranodal manifestation and an indolent clinical course with 10-year survival rates up to 90%. However, transformation to aggressive lymphoma may occur and treatment is indicated in case of symptomatic or progressive disease.

Areas Covered: : This review covers clinical and biological features potentially related to prognosis and outcome of MALT lymphoma patients, as well as available prognostic tools and risk stratification systems with a focus on the MALT-IPI (international prognostic index) and the POD24 (progression of disease at 24 months) cohort. Read More

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MALT1 as a promising target to treat lymphoma and other diseases related to MALT1 anomalies.

Med Res Rev 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation protein 1 (MALT1) is a key adaptor protein that regulates the NF-κB pathway, in which MALT1 functions as a scaffold protein and protease to trigger downstream signals. The abnormal expression of MALT1 is closely associated with lymphomagenesis and other diseases, including solid tumors and autoimmune diseases. MALT1 is the only protease in the underlying pathogenesis of these diseases, and its proteolytic activity can be pharmacologically regulated. Read More

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A modified endoscopic full thickness resection for gastric subepithelial tumors from muscularis propria layer: Novel method.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, College of Medicine, Cha University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background And Aim: The removal of subepithelial tumors (SETs) is challenging, particularly in tumors originating from the muscularis propria (MP) in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, owing to the high risk of perforation. We developed mechanical spray lumpectomy (MSL), which is a novel method to safely and easily remove the tumor. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of MSL as a novel endoscopic treatment for gastric subepithelial lesions. Read More

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Isolation and characterization of from human stomach.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Mar;118(13)

Department of General Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine, 181-8611 Tokyo, Japan

, a bacterial species naturally hosted by pigs, can colonize the human stomach in the context of gastric diseases such as gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Because has been successfully isolated from pigs, but not from humans, evidence linking human infection to gastric diseases has remained incomplete. In this study, we successfully in vitro cultured directly from human stomachs. Read More

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Localized Peritumoral AL Amyloidosis Associated With Mantle Cell Lymphoma With Plasmacytic Differentiation.

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

*Hematopathology Service ‡Cytogenetic Service, Department of Pathology §Myeloma Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY †Department of Pathology, Amsterdam UMC, location VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Immunoglobulin light chain (AL) amyloidosis is characterized by the deposition of amyloid fibers derived from pathologic immunoglobulin light chains. Although systemic plasma cell neoplasms are the most common cause of AL amyloidosis, a subset of cases is caused by B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders such as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma or extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Recently, SOX11-negative IGH hypermutated mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is recognized to show frequent plasmacytic differentiation and indolent clinical course. Read More

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February 2021