2,537,971 results match your criteria Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Surveillance summaries Washington D.C. : 2002[Journal]


Free Vascularized Anterolateral Thigh Fascia Lata Flap for Reconstruction in Electrical Burns of the Severely Damaged Finger.

J Burn Care Res 2019 Feb;40(2):242-245

Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, P. R. China.

This study aimed to introduce a novel technique for reconstructing electricity-damaged fingers using a method combining the free vascularized anterolateral thigh fascia lata flap with skin grafting. From February 2015 to March 2017, 11 patients were enrolled in this retrospective case series. All patients suffered from electrical injury of the fingers and had severe soft tissue defects, with the exposure of tendon, vessels, or nerves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jbcr/irz010DOI Listing
February 2019

Delivery-associated sepsis: trends in prevalence and mortality.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

Background: Sepsis is a leading cause of pregnancy-related mortality. Previous studies have reported an increased prevalence of sepsis during pregnancy. Despite national campaigns to increase sepsis awareness, there is a lack of pregnancy-specific guidelines. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029378193032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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4.704 Impact Factor

Maternal Outcomes by Race during Postpartum Readmissions.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Background: Maternal race may be an important risk factor for postpartum readmissions and associated adverse outcomes.

Objective: To determine the association of race with serious complications during postpartum readmissions.

Study Design: This repeated cross sectional analysis utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 2012 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Delayed Clamping Versus Milking of Umbilical Cord in Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, TriHealth, Cincinnati, OH.

Background: It has been established that delayed umbilical cord clamping in preterm infants results in improvement in neonatal anemia, need for transfusion, incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis, and intraventricular hemorrhage by increasing neonatal circulating blood volume. However, the effects of umbilical cord milking as an alternative to delayed clamping in preterm infants are unclear.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to compare the effect of delayed clamping versus milking of the umbilical cord on the initial hematocrit concentration in preterm births (23-34 weeks). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.01.234DOI Listing
February 2019

Cholinergic drugs ameliorate endothelial dysfunction by decreasing O-GlcNAcylation via M3 AChR-AMPK-ER stress signaling.

Life Sci 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Aims: Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is accompanied by augmented O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification of proteins via increasing hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) flux. However, the changes and regulation of the O-GlcNAc levels induced by obesity are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.02.036DOI Listing
February 2019

Drug Discovery for Pemphigoid Diseases.

Curr Protoc Pharmacol 2019 Feb 20:e55. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Lübeck Institute of Experimental Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Pemphigoid diseases (PDs) are a group of autoimmune bullous diseases characterized and caused by autoantibodies targeting structural proteins of the skin and mucous membranes. Chronic inflammation, subepidermal blistering, and often scaring are the clinical characteristics of PDs. Itching and, in severe cases, disabilities resulting from scaring (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpph.55DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts.

BJOG 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To assess the separate and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with the risks of pregnancy complications and their population impact.

Design: Individual participant data meta-analysis of 39 cohorts.

Setting: Europe, North America and Oceania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15661DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum across primary and secondary care: a population based study.

BJOG 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Division of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, NG5 1PB, Nottingham, UK.

Objectives: To assess how nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) and hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) are managed and treated across primary and secondary care.

Design: Population-based pregnancy cohort.

Setting: Medical records (CPRD-GOLD) from England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15662DOI Listing
February 2019

Birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2019 Feb 20:e3144. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, People's Republic of China.

Background: The association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus has been debated for several decades, and the dose-response relationship has not been reported. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantitatively clarify the association between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus based on cohort studies.

Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of Science and Embase Databases for cohort study articles on the association between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus published up to March 1, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.3144DOI Listing
February 2019

Cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus infections among pediatric kidney transplant recipients at a center using universal Valganciclovir Prophylaxis.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 20:e13382. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Center for Vaccines and Immunity, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: CMV is associated with adverse effects in renal transplant recipients. The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence and timing of CMV and EBV infections in relation to valGCV prophylaxis in a pediatric renal transplant cohort.

Methods: Retrospective cohort of pediatric renal transplant patients given universal valGCV prophylaxis and universal viral surveillance was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13382DOI Listing
February 2019

Caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and risk of all-cause mortality: a dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Background: Previous meta-analysis showed an inverse association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality. However, the relationship between caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and all-cause mortality is inconsistent. We aimed to identify and review the published evidence updating the association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality and, furthermore, to investigate the association of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and all-cause mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12633DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors affecting the first attempt success rate of intravenous cannulation in older people.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Ege University, 35100, Izmir, TURKEY.

Aims And Objectives: To determine the factors affecting the first-attempt success of peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) placement in older emergency department patients.

Background: In older patients who require intravenous treatment, establishing a PIVC as fast as possible is clinically important.

Design: This is a prospective, observational, descriptive study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14816DOI Listing
February 2019

Undiagnosed delirium is frequent and difficult to predict: Results from a prevalence survey of a tertiary hospital.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Medicine and Aged Care, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Aims And Objectives: To study the prevalence and determinants of undiagnosed delirium in a tertiary hospital.

Background: Delirium is a common inpatient condition. It is frequently undiagnosed in a variety of settings, but determinants of undiagnosed delirium are largely unknown, and the frequency of undiagnosed delirium across all inpatient units is uncertain. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jocn.14833
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14833DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Smoking and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Mendelian Randomization Study.

Ann Neurol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

In this study, we examined the potential causal effect of smoking on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using the Project MinE data involving 12,577 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and 23,475 controls in a Mendelian randomization (MR) framework. The MR approach has the potential to investigate causal relationship between a risk factor and a disease, avoiding confounding and information bias that often present in conventional epidemiological studies. We found that smokers had a higher risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis compared to never smokers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.25443DOI Listing
February 2019

Epidemiology and resource utilization of ludwig angina ED visits in the United States 2006-2014.

Laryngoscope 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia, U.S.A.

Objectives: Ludwig angina is a potentially lethal submandibular space infection. We aim to describe the epidemiological characteristics of Ludwig angina patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) and to examine outcomes and resource utilization to determine their burden on ED and hospitals.

Methods: Using the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample database, a nationally representative all-payer database, we retrospectively reviewed all ED visits between 2006 and 2014 for patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of Ludwig angina (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, 528. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27734DOI Listing
February 2019

Epigenetic age acceleration in adolescence associates with BMI, inflammation and risk score for middle age cardiovascular disease.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Curtin/UWA Centre for Genetic Origins of Health and Disease, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Western Australia.

Background: 'Accelerated ageing', assessed by adult DNA methylation predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD). Adolescent accelerated aging might predict CVD earlier. We investigated whether epigenetic age acceleration (assessed age 17-years) associated with adiposity/CVD-risk measured (ages 17, 20, 22-years), and projected CVD by middle-age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-02076DOI Listing
February 2019

A Simplified Approach to Reducing Cardiovascular Risk.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology.

Clinical Issue: Cardiovascular disease remains the number one cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States despite major advances in our understanding of its pathogenesis and prevention. One reason for this continued epidemic is the poor adherence to treatment guidelines by caregivers and the lack of understanding by patients relative to its reversibility with treatment. Current guidelines are complex and often contradictory as there are at least 21 organizations publishing guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-02509DOI Listing
February 2019

Changes of vitamin D-binding protein, and total, bioavailable, and free 25-hydroxyvitamin D in transgender people.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine Section, and Center of Expertise on Gender Dysphoria, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Context: Total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is mainly bound to vitamin D-binding protein (DBP). Bioavailable 25(OH)D consists of albumin-bound and free 25(OH)D and is available for metabolic processes. As sex steroids influence DBP, hormonal treatment (HT) in transgender people might affect DBP and consequently the available 25(OH)D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-02602DOI Listing
February 2019

Supported employment: Meta-analysis and review of randomized controlled trials of individual placement and support.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0212208. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Human Flourishing Program, The Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States of America.

Supported employment is a treatment whereby those with severe mental illness (or other disabilities) receive aid searching for competitive employment and mental health (or other) treatments concurrently. The most popular implementation of supported employment is individual placement and support (IPS). We conducted meta-analytic analyses of the randomized controlled trials of IPS. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212208PLOS
February 2019

High quality process of care increases one-year survival after acute myocardial infarction (AMI): A cohort study in Italy.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0212398. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology of Lazio Regional Health Service, Rome, Italy.

Background: The relationship between guideline adherence and outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been widely investigated considering the emergency, acute, post-acute phases separately, but the effectiveness of the whole care process is not known.

Aim: The study aim was to evaluate the effect of the multicomponent continuum of care on 1-year survival after AMI.

Methods: We conducted a cohort study selecting all incident cases of AMI from health information systems during 2011-2014 in the Lazio region. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212398PLOS
February 2019

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and peripartum cardiomyopathy: A nationwide cohort study.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211857. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a serious cardiac disorder occurring late in pregnancy or early in the postpartum period. We examined associations between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP: preeclampsia and gestational hypertension) and PPCM, accounting for other pregnancy-related risk factors for PPCM.

Methods: Using nationwide Danish register data, we constructed a cohort of all women with ≥1 live birth or stillbirth in Denmark between 1978 and 2012. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211857PLOS
February 2019

Viral infection detection using metagenomics technology in six poultry farms of eastern China.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211553. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, Qingdao, Shandong, China.

With rapidly increasing animal pathogen surveillance requirements, new technologies are needed for a comprehensive understanding of the roles of pathogens in the occurrence and development of animal diseases. We applied metagenomic technology to avian virus surveillance to study the main viruses infecting six poultry farms in two provinces in eastern China. Cloacal/throat double swabs were collected from 60 birds at each farm according to a random sampling method. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211553PLOS
February 2019

Nine-year distribution pattern of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in Southern Italy.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0212033. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

SSD Virology and Molecular Biology, Department of Diagnostic Area, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Fondazione "G. Pascale", IRCCS Italia, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: It has been greatly described that different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes are strictly correlated to various evolution, prognosis and response to therapy during the chronic liver disease. Aim of this study was to outline the changes in the epidemiology of Hepatitis C genotypes in Southern Italy regions from 2006 to 2014.

Material/methods: Prevalence of HCV genotypes was analyzed in 535 HCV-RNA positive patients with chronic Hepatitis C infection, selected during the period 2012-2014, and compared with our previous data, referred to periods 2006-2008 and 2009-2011. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212033PLOS
February 2019
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Averting wheat blast by implementing a 'wheat holiday': In search of alternative crops in West Bengal, India.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211410. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Socioeconomics Program, CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center), Texcoco, México.

The emergence of wheat-blast in Bangladesh in the 2015-16 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop threatens the food security of South Asia. A potential spread of the disease from Bangladesh to India could have devastating impacts on India's overall food security as wheat is its second most important staple food crop. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211410PLOS
February 2019

Liver metastasis and Heng risk are prognostic factors in patients with non-nephrectomized synchronous metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with systemic therapy.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211105. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Urology, Center for Prostate Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the prognostic factors of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in non-nephrectomized patients with synchronous metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) receiving first-line vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapy or immunotherapy.

Methods: Of 70 patients, 57 (81.4%) were treated with targeted therapy, including 5 (7. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211105PLOS
February 2019

Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains isolated from livestock workers and cattle in Nigeria.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(2):e0211637. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Molecular typing techniques are useful in understanding tuberculosis epidemiology; yet, they have been under-utilised at the human-animal interface in Nigeria. Sixty-four Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) isolates including 42 M. tuberculosis, 13 M. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211637PLOS
February 2019

Cardiac Arrest in the Pediatric Cardiac ICU: Is Medical Congenital Heart Disease a Predictor of Survival?

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Section of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Objectives: Children with medical cardiac disease experience poorer survival to hospital discharge after cardiopulmonary arrest compared with children with surgical cardiac disease. Limited literature exists describing epidemiology and factors associated with mortality in this heterogeneous population. We aim to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes after cardiopulmonary arrest in medical cardiac patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000001810DOI Listing
November 2018

Non-communicable diseases and tuberculosis: Anticipating the impending global storm.

Glob Public Health 2019 Feb 20:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

e Medecins du Monde , Athens , Greece.

The epidemiological transitions that have occurred in low and middle income countries (LMIC) during the past decades have led to an increased prevalence on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in these countries, where the burden of infectious diseases (IDs), especially tuberculosis (TB), remains high. Although the true dimensions of this comorbidity have not yet been fully understood, there is a growing amount of data, over the last 10 years, that suggest a clear association between NCDs and TB. In particular, there is a continuously increasing body of evidence that diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory conditions, tobacco use, mental health illnesses and chronic kidney disease increase TB morbidity and mortality and vice versa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2019.1580760DOI Listing
February 2019

Cellulose-Derived Absorbable Hemostatic Product as a Risk Factor for Mediastinitis after Cardiac Surgery.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

1 Preventive Medicine Department and Infectious Disease Unit, Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda University Hospital, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Background: We describe the management and control of an outbreak of mediastinitis in a cardiac surgery department.

Method: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 87 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve replacement, or both during a five-month period with a higher than normal number of cases of post-operative mediastinitis. In addition to medical records review, a survey was conducted among surgeons to estimate the frequency of cellulose-derived absorbable hemostatic (CDAH) use. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/sur.2018.268
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/sur.2018.268DOI Listing
February 2019
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Outcomes of a Gratitude Practice in an Online Community of Caring.

J Altern Complement Med 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

1 Earl E. Bakken Center for Spirituality & Healing, The University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Objectives: CaringBridge (CB) is a web-based social network where people share information, enlist support, and access resources following a difficult diagnosis; it can also be used to disseminate supportive self-care tools, such as a gratitude practice, for its users. Gratitude practices are shown to reduce stress and fear, improve sleep, and increase positive emotions and overall well-being. The purpose of this article was to report the findings of a brief gratitude intervention delivered to CB users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2018.0460DOI Listing
February 2019

Dermatologic Urgencies and Emergencies: What Every Pathologist Should Know.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

From the Department of Dermatology, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri (Dr Abate);the Departments of Dermatology (Dr Battle),and Pathology (Drs Gardner and Shalin),University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock; and the Department of Dermatology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson (Dr Emerson).

Context.—: Fatal dermatologic diseases and ones with high morbidity can occur in the inpatient setting. In such cases, prompt and accurate assessment of a bedside skin biopsy is required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2018-0239-RADOI Listing
February 2019

Timing of Renal Replacement Therapy for Severe Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Hôpital Louis Mourier, Réanimation Médico-Chirurgicale, Colombes, France ;

Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects many intensive care unit patients and is responsible for increased morbidity and mortality. Although life-saving in many situations, renal replacement therapy (RRT) may be associated with complications and the appropriate timing of its initiation is still the subject of intense debate. An early initiation strategy can prevent some metabolic complications whereas a delayed one may allow for renal function recovery in some patients without need for this costly and potentially dangerous technique. Read More

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https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/10.1164/rccm.201810-1906CP
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201810-1906CPDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Spatiotemporal Variations in Ambient Ultrafine Particles and the Incidence of Childhood Asthma.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

McGill University Department of Epidemiology Biostatistics and Occupational Health, 213585, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Rationale: Little is known regarding the impact of ambient ultrafine particles (<0.1 μm) (UFPs) on childhood asthma development.

Objective: To examine the association between prenatal and early postnatal life exposure to UFPs and development of childhood asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201810-1976OCDOI Listing
February 2019

Smartphone-based stent tracking application for prevention of forgotten ureteral double-J stents: a prospective study.

Int Braz J Urol 2019 Feb 20;45. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Urology, Health Sciences University, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: Retained or forgotten ureteral stents (FUS) have a potential to cause significant morbidity as well as medico-legal issues and increased cost. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and usefulness of smartphone-based Ureteral Stent Tracker (UST) application and compare the results with basic appointment card system to prevent FUS, prospectively.

Materials And Methods: A total of 90 patients who underwent ureteroscopic stone treatment procedure with indwelling DJ stents were equally distributed into two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0707DOI Listing
February 2019

[Possibilities of application of the liquid transport medium for capture of pathological material at laboratory diagnosis of a diphtheria infection.]

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(12):783-787

«Galen», 125373, Moscow, Russian Federation.

The main objective of laboratory diagnosis of a diphtheria is identification of the causative agent by means of the minimum quantity of diagnostic tests for obtaining the authentic answer in the most short time. One of the major stages is capture and delivery of pathological material on which the efficiency of carrying out and timeliness of issue of the final answer depends. Considering emergence in the market of commercial liquid transport mediums, assessment of their efficiency for diagnosis of diphtheria is advisable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2018-63-12-783-787DOI Listing
January 2018

[Possibilities of cytological diagnosis of the nature of the exudate at the stage of emergency.]

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(12):768-772

Federal budgetary institution of science "Nizhny Novgorod research Institute of epidemiology and microbiology. Academician I.N. Blokhina Rospotrebnadzor", 603005, 603006, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.

Cytological diagnosis by effusions is currently the only reliable method of morphological verification of the diagnosis, it has prognostic significance and determines the choice of treatment strategy. At the same time, the variability of normal mesothelial cells causes significant difficulties in its differential diagnosis with reactive mesothelium, malignant mesothelioma and cancer metastasis, which requires additional analytical methods. A retrospective study of cytological preparations for 2017 was conducted, as well as the effectiveness of the use of fluorescent immunocytochemistry (FITZ) on the test system "biochip" in combination with a traditional cytological study was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0869-2084-2018-63-12-768-772DOI Listing
January 2018

[Prescribing intravenous fluids in hospitalized patients : from need to harm].

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Feb;15(639):427-431

Service de néphrologie et hypertension, Département de médecine interne, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne.

Prescribing intravenous fluids in a hospital setting is a task that each clinician has to endorse in an everyday practice. This task is universal to the point that it is often undervalued, or even neglected during clinical teaching. However, one shouldn't underestimate the risks related to excessive fluid administration, of which the clinician often doesn't know the exact composition. Read More

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February 2019

Analysis of Iron Metabolism in Chronic Chagasic Cardiomyopathy.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2019 Feb;112(2):189-192

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil.

Changes in iron metabolism in heart failure (HF) have been described as an important prognostic marker. To check if the markers of iron kinetics are related to the morbidity and etiology of chagasic cardiomyopathy. Patients with Chronic Chagasic Cardiomyopathy (CCC, n = 40), with indeterminate form (IND, n = 40), besides non-chagasic cardiomyopathy (NCh, n = 40). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20190006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371820PMC
February 2019

Psychological morbidity is the main predictor of quality of life among caregivers of individuals in first-episode psychosis: data from a year-long longitudinal study in Brazil.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Programa de Assistência e Pesquisa ao Primeiro Episódio Psicótico (PEP), Departamento de Psiquiatria, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate quality of life (QoL) and QoL predictors among caregivers of individuals in first-episode psychosis (FEP).

Methods: This longitudinal study investigated predictors of QoL in caregivers of 80 individuals in FEP over a 1-year follow-up period, measured using a single component extracted from the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36).

Results: Mediation analysis demonstrated that, at 1 year, high scores in the Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20) were associated with high scores on the negative sub-scale of the Experience of Caregiving Inventory (ECI), which was also associated with low scores in the Essential Quality of Life (Essential QoL) component extracted from the SEF-36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0169DOI Listing
February 2019

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME, FOOD INTOLERANCE AND NON- CELIAC GLUTEN SENSITIVITY. A NEW CLINICAL CHALLENGE.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Oct-Dec;55(4):417-422

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Niterói, RJ, Brasil.

Approximately 80% of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients report that their symptoms are triggered after ingesting one or specific food groups. Gluten, wheat and related proteins (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.201800000-88DOI Listing
September 2018

PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C IN A PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAM IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Oct-Dec;55(4):403-406

Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Graduate Course: Hepatology, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Background: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) can progress to cirrhosis and its complications as hepatocellular carcinoma, leading to morbidity and mortality. To know the profile of patients with CHC virus is fundamental to optimize management.

Objective: To describe the profile of patients with CHC in a public health program in Southern Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.201800000-86DOI Listing

WAITING DAAS LIST MORTALITY IMPACT IN HCV CIRRHOTIC PATIENTS.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Oct-Dec;55(4):343-345

Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Clínica Médica, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.

Background: The infection for the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality through its evolution to liver cirrhosis, end-stage liver complications and hepatocellular carcinoma. Currently, the new drugs for the HCV infection, based on direct antiviral agents, have changed the outcomes in this setting.

Objective: To assess death incidence, during the wait for the treatment with the new drugs, and to analyze which independent variable (age, sex, ascite, HDA, albumin, α-fetoprotein, platelets and Meld score) had relation with death. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.201800000-76DOI Listing
May 2018
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EVALUATION OF THE BEHAVIOR OF LEVELS OF HMGB1 AND IL6 AS PREDICTORS OF INFECTION, ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY AND MORTALITY IN CIRRHOTIC PATIENTS WITH VARICEAL BLEEDING.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Oct-Dec;55(4):338-342

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Hospital das Clínicas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Background: Gastroesophageal varices and associated bleeding are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cirrhotic patients.

Objective: To evaluate the potential role of the biomarkers HMGB1 (High Mobility Group Box 1) and IL-6 (Interleukin-6) as predictors of infection, acute kidney injury and mortality in these patients.

Methods: It is a prospective, observational study that included 32 cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-2803.201800000-75DOI Listing

Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy: the liver affects the heart.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2019 Feb 14;52(2):e7809. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Hospital Municipal Dr. Mario Gatti, Campinas, SP, Brasil.

Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy historically has been confused as alcoholic cardiomyopathy. The key points for diagnosis of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy have been well explained, however this entity was neglected for a long time. Nowadays the diagnosis of this entity has become important because it is a factor that contributes significantly to morbidity-mortality in cirrhotic patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-431X20187809DOI Listing
February 2019

Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy in Vulnerable Populations-- People Who Inject Drugs and the Homeless.

J Hosp Med 2019 Feb;14(2):105-109

Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) programs can provide high-value care but may be challenging in people who inject drugs (PWID) and homeless individuals. We conducted a single-center, retrospective, cohort study of adults who received OPAT at an urban, public health hospital from January 1, 2015 to April 30, 2016, grouped by PWID and housing status. Outcomes included clinical cure, length of stay, secondary bacteremia, line-tampering, and readmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3138DOI Listing
February 2019

The Annual American Men's Internet Survey of Behaviors of Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States: 2016 Key Indicators Report.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2019 Feb 20;5(1):e11313. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States.

The American Men's Internet Survey (AMIS) is an annual Web-based behavioral survey of men who have sex with men (MSM) living in the United States. This Rapid Surveillance Report describes the fourth cycle of data collection (September 2016 through February 2017; AMIS 2016). The key indicators are the same as previously reported for AMIS (December 2013 through May 2014, AMIS 2013; November 2014 through April 2015, AMIS 2014; and September 2015 through April 2016, AMIS 2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11313DOI Listing
February 2019

Mobile Phone and Wearable Sensor-Based mHealth Approaches for Psychiatric Disorders and Symptoms: Systematic Review.

JMIR Ment Health 2019 Feb 20;6(2):e9819. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Ab.Acus srl, Milano, Italy.

Background: Mobile Therapeutic Attention for Patients with Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia (m-RESIST) is an EU Horizon 2020-funded project aimed at designing and validating an innovative therapeutic program for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. The program exploits information from mobile phones and wearable sensors for behavioral tracking to support intervention administration.

Objective: To systematically review original studies on sensor-based mHealth apps aimed at uncovering associations between sensor data and symptoms of psychiatric disorders in order to support the m-RESIST approach to assess effectiveness of behavioral monitoring in therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/mental.9819DOI Listing
February 2019

Streptococcus chenjunshii sp. nov. isolated from feces of Tibetan antelopes.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

1​Department of Epidemiology, Shanxi Medical University School of Public Health, Shanxi 030001, PR China.

Three Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, α-haemolytic, chain-forming and coccus-shaped microorganisms (strains Z15, Z1 and Z2) were isolated from feces of Tibetan antelopes collected from the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, PR China. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence studies indicated that Z15 shared 94.5, 93. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003303DOI Listing
February 2019

The Namibian Children's Heart Project: a South-South partnership to provide cardiac care.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):206-213

2Division of Paediatric Cardiology,Department of Paediatrics and Child Health,University of Cape Town,Cape Town,South Africa.

IntroductionCongenital and acquired heart diseases are highly prevalent in developing countries despite limited specialised care. Namibia established a paediatric cardiac service in 2009 with significant human resource and infrastructural constraints. Therefore, patients are referred for cardiac interventions to South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002172DOI Listing
February 2019
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