8,134 results match your criteria Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report MMWR[Journal]


Estimated Number of Cases of High-Grade Cervical Lesions Diagnosed Among Women - United States, 2008 and 2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 19;68(15):337-343. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes approximately 30,000 cancers in the United States annually (1). HPV vaccination was introduced in 2006 to prevent HPV-associated cancers and diseases (1). Cervical cancer is the most common HPV-associated cancer in women (1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6815a1DOI Listing

Outbreak of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Among Heterosexual Persons Who Are Living Homeless and Inject Drugs - Seattle, Washington, 2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 19;68(15):344-349. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Although diagnoses of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among persons who inject drugs in the United States are declining, an HIV outbreak among such persons in rural Indiana demonstrated that population's vulnerability to HIV infection (1). In August 2018, Public Health-Seattle and King County (PHSKC) identified a cluster of cases of HIV infection among persons living homeless, most of whom injected drugs. Investigation identified 14 related cases diagnosed from February to mid-November 2018 among women who inject drugs and men who have sex with women (MSW) who inject drugs and their sex partners. Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6815a2.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6815a2DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Erratum: Vol. 68, No. 12.

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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 19;68(15):360. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6815a6DOI Listing

Prevalence of Violence Victimization and Perpetration Among Persons Aged 13-24 Years - Four Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2013-2015.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 19;68(15):350-355. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Violence is a major public health and human rights concern, claiming over 1.3 million lives globally each year (1). Despite the scope of this problem, population-based data on physical and sexual violence perpetration are scarce, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries (2,3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6815a3DOI Listing

Notes from the Field: Unintentional Drug Overdose Deaths with Kratom Detected - 27 States, July 2016-December 2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 12;68(14):326-327. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6814a2DOI Listing

Extragenital Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Among Community Venue-Attending Men Who Have Sex with Men - Five Cities, United States, 2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 12;68(14):321-325. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) disproportionately affect gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States (1). Because chlamydia and gonorrhea at extragenital (rectal and pharyngeal) anatomic sites are often asymptomatic, these anatomic sites serve as a reservoir of infection, which might contribute to gonococcal antimicrobial resistance (2) and increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and acquisition (3). To ascertain prevalence of extragenital STDs, MSM attending community venues were recruited in five U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6814a1DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Outbreak of Cyanide Poisoning Caused by Consumption of Cassava Flour - Kasese District, Uganda, September 2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 5;68(13):308-311. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Cassava (Manihot esculenta), an edible tuberous root that is resistant to drought, diseases, and pests, is a major source of carbohydrates in tropical areas, the second most widely grown and consumed food in Uganda after bananas, and a staple in the diet for approximately 57% of the Uganda population (Figure 1) (1). On September 5, 2017, a funeral was held in Kasese District in western Uganda. Following the funeral, 33 persons with symptoms that included diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pains were admitted to Bwera Hospital in Kasese District. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a3DOI Listing

Surveillance to Track Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, 2017-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 5;68(13):312-318. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

When the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) began in 1988, cases of poliomyelitis were reported from 125 countries. Since then, only Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan have experienced uninterrupted transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV). The primary means of detecting poliovirus is through surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) among children aged <15 years with testing of stool specimens for WPV and vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) in World Health Organization (WHO)-accredited laboratories of the Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN) (1,2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a4DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence Among Adults Who Have Never Smoked, by Industry and Occupation - United States, 2013-2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 5;68(13):303-307. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Respiratory Health Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CDC, Morgantown, West Virginia.

Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a debilitating respiratory condition with high mortality and morbidity (1,2). However, an estimated 24% of adults with COPD have never smoked (3,4). Among these persons, 26%-53% of COPD can be attributed to workplace exposures, including dust, fumes, gases, vapors, and secondhand smoke exposure (4-6). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a2DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Nonfatal Assaults and Homicides Among Adults Aged ≥60 Years - United States, 2002-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Apr 5;68(13):297-302. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Since interpersonal violence was recognized as a public health problem in the 1970s, much attention has focused on preventing violence among young persons and intimate partners (1). Violence directed against older adults (≥60 years) has received less attention, despite the faster growth of this population than that of younger groups (2). Using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) and the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), CDC analyzed rates of nonfatal assaults and homicides against older adults during 2002-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6813a1DOI Listing
April 2019
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Imported Toxin-Producing Cutaneous Diphtheria - Minnesota, Washington, and New Mexico, 2015-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 29;68(12):281-284. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

From September 2015 to March 2018, CDC confirmed four cases of cutaneous diphtheria caused by toxin-producing Corynebacterium diphtheriae in patients from Minnesota (two), Washington (one), and New Mexico (one). All patients had recently returned to the United States after travel to countries where diphtheria is endemic. C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6812a2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448983PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Candida Bloodstream Infections Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - Denver Metropolitan Area, Colorado, 2017-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 29;68(12):285-288. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Candidemia, a bloodstream infection caused by Candida species, is typically considered a health care-associated infection, with known risk factors including the presence of a central venous catheter, receipt of total parenteral nutrition or broad-spectrum antibiotics, recent abdominal surgery, admission to an intensive care unit, and prolonged hospitalization (1,2). Injection drug use (IDU) is not a common risk factor for candidemia; however, in the context of the ongoing opioid epidemic and corresponding IDU increases, IDU has been reported as an increasingly common condition associated with candidemia (3) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (4). Little is known about the epidemiology of candidemia among persons who inject drugs. Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6812a3.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6812a3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448981PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Erratum: Vol. 67, No. 30.

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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 29;68(12):291. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6812a5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448986PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Enterovirus D68-Associated Acute Respiratory Illness - New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, July-October, 2017 and 2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 29;68(12):277-280. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

In the fall of 2014, an outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)-associated acute respiratory illness (ARI) occurred in the United States (1,2); before 2014, EV-D68 was rarely reported to CDC (2,3). In the United States, reported EV-D68 detections typically peak during late summer and early fall (3). EV-D68 epidemiology is not fully understood because testing in clinical settings seldom has been available and detections are not notifiable to CDC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6812a1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448985PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Global Epidemiology of Tuberculosis and Progress Toward Achieving Global Targets - 2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 22;68(11):263-266. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from a single infectious disease agent (1) and the leading cause of death among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, accounting for approximately 40% of deaths in this population (2). The United Nations' (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (3) and the World Health Organization's (WHO's) End TB Strategy (4) have defined ambitious targets for 2020-2035, including a 35% reduction in the absolute number of TB deaths and a 20% reduction in TB incidence by 2020, compared with 2015 (4). Since 2000, WHO has produced annual TB estimates for all countries (1). Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6811a3.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6811a3DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

World TB Day - March 24, 2019.

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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 22;68(11):257. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

World TB Day is observed each year on March 24. This observance provides an opportunity to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and the measures needed to find, treat, and prevent this devastating disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6811a1DOI Listing

Vital Signs: HIV Transmission Along the Continuum of Care - United States, 2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Mar 22;68(11):267-272. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC.

Background: In 2016, an estimated 1.1 million persons had human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States; 38,700 were new infections. Knowledge of HIV infection status, behavior change, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) all prevent HIV transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6811e1DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

Diagnostic Methods Used to Classify Confirmed and Probable Cases of Spotted Fever Rickettsioses - United States, 2010-2015.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 15;68(10):243-246. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC.

Spotted fever rickettsioses (SFR), including Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), are nationally notifiable diseases in the United States caused by spotted fever group Rickettsia. The annual incidence of SFR increased from 1.7 cases per 1 million persons in 2000 to 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6810a3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421962PMC

Risk Factors for Congenital Syphilis Transmitted from Mother to Infant - Suzhou, China, 2011-2014.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 15;68(10):247-250. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Mother-to-child transmission of syphilis remains a major global public health issue, and elimination of congenital syphilis is one of the millennium development goals of the World Health Organization (1). In 2012, an estimated 930,000 maternal syphilis infections caused 350,000 adverse pregnancy outcomes, including 143,000 early fetal deaths and stillbirths, 62,000 neonatal deaths, 44,000 preterm or low-weight births, and 102,000 infected infants worldwide (2). In China, the number of congenital syphilis cases reported annually increased from 468 in 2000 to 10,032 in 2013; the corresponding national congenital syphilis incidence rate increased nearly 26-fold, from 2. Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6810a4.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6810a4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421965PMC
March 2019
12 Reads

QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Death Rates,* by State - United States, 2017.

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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 15;68(10):255. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6810a7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421959PMC

Emergency Department Visits for Sports- and Recreation-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Children - United States, 2010-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 15;68(10):237-242. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), including concussions, are at the forefront of public concern about athletic injuries sustained by children. Caused by an impact to the head or body, a TBI can lead to emotional, physiologic, and cognitive sequelae in children (1). Physiologic factors (such as a child's developing nervous system and thinner cranial bones) might place children at increased risk for TBI (2,3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6810a2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421963PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Erratum: Vol. 67, No. 43.

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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 8;68(9):233. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6809a4.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6809a4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421972PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Update on Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus Outbreaks - Democratic Republic of the Congo and Horn of Africa, 2017-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 8;68(9):225-230. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Widespread use of live attenuated (Sabin) oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) has resulted in marked progress toward global poliomyelitis eradication (1). However, in underimmunized populations, extensive person-to-person transmission of Sabin poliovirus can result in genetic reversion to neurovirulence and paralytic vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) disease (1). This report updates (as of February 26, 2019) previous reports on circulating VDPV type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreaks during 2017-2018 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and in Somalia, which experienced a concurrent cVDPV type 3 (cVDPV3) outbreak* (2,3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6809a2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421971PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Vital Signs: Epidemiology and Recent Trends in Methicillin-Resistant and in Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Infections - United States.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 8;68(9):214-219. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common pathogens in health care facilities and in the community, and can cause invasive infections, sepsis, and death. Despite progress in preventing methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections in health care settings, assessment of the problem in both health care and community settings is needed. Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6809e1.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6809e1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421967PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Associations Among School Absenteeism, Gastrointestinal and Respiratory Illness, and Income - United States, 2010-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 8;68(9):209-213. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Control of communicable diseases in children, including respiratory and diarrheal illnesses that affect U.S. school-aged children, might require public health preventive efforts both in the home and at school, a primary setting for transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6809a1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421969PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Vital Signs: Trends in Staphylococcus aureus Infections in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers - United States, 2005-2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 8;68(9):220-224. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Introduction: By 2007, all Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers (VAMCs) had initiated a multifaceted methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) prevention program. MRSA and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) infection rates among VAMC inpatients from 2005 to 2017 were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6809e2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421970PMC

Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth - Oklahoma and Texas, 2015.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 1;68(8):189-194. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Electronic vapor products (EVPs) comprise a diverse group of devices, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). EVP users inhale an aerosol that typically contains nicotine, flavorings, and other additives (1). Nicotine is a developmental toxicant that adversely affects pregnancy and infant outcomes (2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6808a1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394383PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Progress Toward Hepatitis B Control and Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus - Western Pacific Region, 2005-2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Mar 1;68(8):195-200. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), which has been available since 1982, provides lifelong protection against hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the associated 20%-30% increased lifetime risk for developing cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma among >95% of vaccine recipients (1). Before HepB introduction into national childhood immunization schedules, the estimated hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence in the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region (WPR)* was >8% in 1990 (2). In 2005, the WPR was the first WHO region to establish a hepatitis B control goal, with an initial target of reducing HBsAg prevalence to <2% among children aged 5 years by 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6808a2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394384PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Leveraging Existing Birth Defects Surveillance Infrastructure to Build Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Surveillance Systems - Illinois, New Mexico, and Vermont, 2015-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Feb 22;68(7):177-180. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a drug withdrawal syndrome that can occur following prenatal exposure to opioids (1). NAS surveillance in the United States is based largely on diagnosis codes in hospital discharge data, without validation of these codes or case confirmation. During 2004-2014, reported NAS incidence increased from 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6807a3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385712PMC
February 2019
5 Reads