450 results match your criteria Molecular Targets in the Treatment of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Expression patterns of uPAR, TF and EGFR and their potential as targets for molecular imaging in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Oncol Rep 2022 Aug 1;48(2). Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, DK‑2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

The clinical introduction of molecular imaging for the management of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) relies on the identification of relevant cancer‑specific biomarkers. The application of three membrane‑bound receptors, namely urokinase‑type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), tissue factor (TF) and EGFR have been previously explored for targeted imaging and therapeutic strategies in a broad range of solid cancers. The present study aimed to investigate the expression patterns of uPAR, EGFR and TF by immunohistochemistry (IHC) to evaluate their potential for targeted imaging and prognostic value in OPSCC. Read More

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HMGA2-Snai2 axis regulates tumorigenicity and stemness of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Exp Cell Res 2022 Jun 25:113271. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Oral Disease, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; Jiangsu Province Engineering Research Center of Stomatological Translational Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a tumorigenic cell subpopulation, which contributes to treatment resistance, tumor recurrence, and metastasis. This study aimed to investigate the role and underlying molecular targets of high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) in the progression and CSCs regulation of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). HMGA2 mRNA and protein expression levels were examined in HNSCC specimens and cells by qRT-PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. Read More

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Identification of key miRNAs and targeted genes involved in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

J Dent Sci 2022 Apr 6;17(2):666-676. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Research Unit of Oral Carcinogenesis and Management, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, 610041, Chengdu, China.

Background/purpose: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most common types of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Accurate biomarkers are needed for early diagnosis and prognosis of OSCC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have shown great values in different types of cancers including OSCC. Read More

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Assessing long non-coding RNAs in tobacco-associated oral cancer.

Curr Cancer Drug Targets 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Centre for Molecular Biology, Central University of Jammu, Jammu (J&K), India.

Cancer is one of the compelling and pegged disease battled by clinicians and researchers worldwide. Among different types of cancer, oral cancer holds the sixth position globally. With an escalating prevalence in Asian countries, India, China, and Pakistan constitute a large proportion of total incident of oral cancer patients in terms of new cases or deaths. Read More

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A Lack of Effectiveness in the ATM-Orchestrated DNA Damage Response Contributes to the DNA Repair Defect of HPV-Positive Head and Neck Cancer Cells.

Front Oncol 2022 31;12:765968. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Patients with human papillomavirus-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HPV+ HNSCC) have a favorable prognosis compared to those with HPV-negative (HPV-) ones. We have shown previously that HPV+ HNSCC cell lines are characterized by enhanced radiation sensitivity and impaired DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. Since then, various publications have suggested a defect in homologous recombination (HR) and dysregulated expression of DSB repair proteins as underlying mechanisms, but conclusions were often based on very few cell lines. Read More

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MicroRNA-485-5p targets keratin 17 to regulate oral cancer stemness and chemoresistance via the integrin/FAK/Src/ERK/β-catenin pathway.

J Biomed Sci 2022 Jun 15;29(1):42. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Institute of Molecular Medicine, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.

Background: The development of drug resistance in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) that frequently leads to recurrence and metastasis after initial treatment remains an unresolved challenge. Presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) has been increasingly reported to be a critical contributing factor in drug resistance, tumor recurrence and metastasis. Thus, unveiling of mechanisms regulating CSCs and potential targets for developing their inhibitors will be instrumental for improving OSCC therapy. Read More

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Tumor specifically internalizing peptide 'HN-1': Targeting the putative receptor retinoblastoma-regulated discoidin domain receptor 1 involved in metastasis.

World J Clin Oncol 2022 May;13(5):323-338

Research & Development, Bio-Synthesis, Inc., Lewisville, TX 75057, United States.

Background: Less than 0.5% of intravenously injected drugs reach tumors, contributing to side effects. To limit damage to healthy cells, various delivery vectors have been formulated; yet, previously developed vectors suffer from poor penetration into solid tumors. Read More

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MicroRNA-138 and its targets: A therapeutic molecule for oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Oral Oncol 2022 Jul 21;130:105925. Epub 2022 May 21.

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Research, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (SIMATS), Saveetha University, Chennai 77, India. Electronic address:

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Gold Nanostars Combined with the Searched Antibody for Targeted Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Therapy.

ACS Biomater Sci Eng 2022 Jun 22;8(6):2664-2675. Epub 2022 May 22.

Interdisciplinary Research Center of Smart Sensor, Engineering Research Center of Molecular and Neuro Imaging, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710071, China.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common cancer in the oral and maxillofacial region. Due to the special physiological and anatomical position of the oral cavity, the disease often has a significant impact on the chewing, swallowing, language, and breathing functions of patients. In recent years, with the development of medical molecular biology, molecular targeted therapy has received increasing clinical attention and has gradually become a new method for the treatment of malignant tumors. Read More

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Setting Up an Ultra-Fast Next-Generation Sequencing Approach as Reflex Testing at Diagnosis of Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer; Experience of a Single Center (LPCE, Nice, France).

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Apr 30;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Laboratory of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, Pasteur Hospital, Université Côte d'Azur, 06000 Nice, France.

The number of genomic alterations required for targeted therapy of non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NS-NSCLC) patients has increased and become more complex these last few years. These molecular abnormalities lead to treatment that provides improvement in overall survival for certain patients. However, these treated tumors inexorably develop mechanisms of resistance, some of which can be targeted with new therapies. Read More

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FAM64A promotes HNSCC tumorigenesis by mediating transcriptional autoregulation of FOXM1.

Int J Oral Sci 2022 05 10;14(1):25. Epub 2022 May 10.

Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) still lacks effective targeted treatment. Therefore, exploring novel and robust molecular targets is critical for improving the clinical outcome of HNSCC. Here, we reported that the expression levels of family with sequence similarity 64, member A (FAM64A) were significantly higher in HNSCC tissues and cell lines. Read More

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Early-onset oral cancer as a clinical entity: aetiology and pathogenesis.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Apr 26. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Laboratory of Cancer Progression Biology, Cancer Research Institute, Tomsk National Research Medical Center, Tomsk, Russia. Electronic address:

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most important medical and socio-economic problems in many of the developed countries worldwide, due to the high mortality. The incidence of OSCC among individuals under 45 years of age is growing every year; however, the aetiological factors and pathogenetic mechanisms are poorly understood. This review summarizes the available information regarding clinicopathological features, extrinsic and intrinsic aetiological factors, and the molecular and immune landscape of early-onset OSCC. Read More

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A Novel Immune-Associated Gene Signature for Overall Survival Prediction in Patients with Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 13;2022:1063130. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Oncology, Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.

Objective: To explore a novel Immune-associated gene signature for overall survival (OS) in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

Methods: Expression profiles of genes and corresponding clinical materials of OSCC patients were obtained through the TCGA database. With a LASSO Cox regression model, a multigene signature was established to predict the OS of OSCC patients. Read More

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Changes in Gene Expression Patterns in the Tumor Microenvironment of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Under Chemoradiotherapy Depend on Response.

Front Oncol 2022 1;12:862694. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Translational Immunology Group, Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is a standard treatment for advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Unfortunately, not all patients respond to this therapy and require further treatment, either salvage surgery or palliative therapy. The addition of immunotherapy to CRT is currently being investigated and early results describe a mixed response. Read More

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Circular RNA MTCL1 promotes advanced laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma progression by inhibiting C1QBP ubiquitin degradation and mediating beta-catenin activation.

Mol Cancer 2022 04 2;21(1):92. Epub 2022 Apr 2.

Department of Surgical Oncology and General Surgery, Key Laboratory of Precision Diagnosis and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Tumors, Ministry of Education, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, China.

Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in regulatory processes of ubiquitination and deubiquitination in various tumors at post-transcriptional epigenetic modification level. However, the underlying mechanism and its biological functions of circRNAs in the advanced laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remain obscure.

Methods: RNA sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays were applied to screen for circRNAs differentially expressed in LSCC tissues and cell lines. Read More

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Curcumin analog, GO-Y078, induces HO-1 transactivation-mediated apoptotic cell death of oral cancer cells by triggering MAPK pathways and AP-1 DNA-binding activity.

Expert Opin Ther Targets 2022 04 5;26(4):375-388. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: GO-Y078, a new synthetic analogue of curcumin (CUR), has higher oral bioavailability and anticancer activity than CUR, but the oncostatic effect of GO-Y078 on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is largely unknown.

Research Design And Methods: In the present study, we examined the oncostatic properties and possible mechanisms of GO-Y078 on human SCC-9 and HSC-3 OSCC cells.

Results: Our results indicated that GO-Y078 showed a cytostatic effect against OSCC cells, and this antiproliferative phenomenon stemmed from a mechanism involving multiple levels of cooperation, including cell-cycle G/M arrest and apoptosis induction. Read More

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The Emerging Significance of Histone Lysine Demethylases as Prognostic Markers and Therapeutic Targets in Head and Neck Cancers.

Cells 2022 03 17;11(6). Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Department of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, ul. Święcickiego 4, 60-781 Poznan, Poland.

Epigenetic aberrations, associated with altered DNA methylation profiles and global changes in the level of histone modifications, are commonly detected in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). Recently, histone lysine demethylases have been implicated in the pathogenesis of HNSCC and emerged as potential molecular targets. Histone lysine demethylases (KDMs) catalyze the removal of methyl groups from lysine residues in histones. Read More

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Metabolite profiling of a Sargassum micracanthum methanol extract with in vitro efficacy against human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma aggressiveness.

Arch Oral Biol 2022 May 28;137:105386. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: Extracts from the brown algae Sargassum micracanthum have documented anti-viral, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities as well as potential anti-tumor efficacy against several cancer types. Here, we evaluated the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanisms of methanol extract of S. micracanthum (MESM) on the aggressiveness of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) using in vitro cell culture-based models. Read More

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Promotes the Proliferation and Invasive Properties of Human Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jan 19;23(3). Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Division of Oncology, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a frequent malignancy with a poor prognosis. So far, the EGFR inhibitor cetuximab is the only approved targeted therapy. A deeper understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of HNSCC is needed to identify additional targets for rationally designed, personalized therapeutics. Read More

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January 2022

MicroRNAs in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: a possible challenge as biomarkers, determinants for the choice of therapy and targets for personalized molecular therapies.

Transl Cancer Res 2021 Jun;10(6):3090-3110

Department of Health Sciences, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, viale Europa, Catanzaro, Italy.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are referred to a group of heterogeneous cancers that include structures of aerodigestive tract such as oral and nasal cavity, salivary glands, oropharynx, pharynx, larynx, paranasal sinuses, and local lymph nodes. HNSCC is characterized by frequent alterations of several genes such as , , , , and as well as copy number increase in , , and . These genomic alterations play a role in terms of resistance to chemotherapy, molecular targeted therapy, and prediction of patient outcome. Read More

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The role of long non-coding RNAs in the pathogenesis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Mol Ther Oncolytics 2022 Mar 6;24:127-138. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, China.

Head and neck cancers are a heterogeneous collection of malignancies of the upper aerodigestive tract, salivary glands, and thyroid. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the carcinogenesis of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) remain poorly understood. Over the past decades, overwhelming evidence has demonstrated the regulatory roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in tumorigenesis, including HNSCC. Read More

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Genomic Alterations in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Level of Evidence According to ESMO Scale for Clinical Actionability of Molecular Targets (ESCAT).

JCO Precis Oncol 2021 11;5:215-226

Department of Drug Development and Innovation (D3i), Institut Curie, Paris & Saint-Cloud, France.

Development of high-throughput technologies helped to decipher tumor genomic landscapes revealing actionable molecular alterations. We aimed to rank the level of evidence of recurrent actionable molecular alterations in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) on the basis of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Scale for Clinical Actionability of Molecular Targets (ESCAT) to help the clinicians prioritize treatment. We identified actionable alterations in 33 genes. Read More

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November 2021

Identification of novel hub genes associated with lymph node metastasis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma by completive bioinformatics analysis.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Nov;9(22):1678

Department of Maxillofacial and E.N.T. Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin's Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, China.

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most serious diseases affecting populations worldwide and lymph node metastasis is a key pathological feature of HNSCC which predicts poor survival. However, the molecular mechanisms associated with the development of lymph node metastasis in HNSCC have not been fully elucidated.

Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in two HNSCC datasets (GES6631 and GES58911). Read More

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November 2021

Platelet CLEC2-Podoplanin Axis as a Promising Target for Oral Cancer Treatment.

Front Immunol 2021 15;12:807600. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of Applied Life Science, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea.

Cancer tissues are not just simple masses of malignant cells, but rather complex and heterogeneous collections of cellular and even non-cellular components, such as endothelial cells, stromal cells, immune cells, and collagens, referred to as tumor microenvironment (TME). These multiple players in the TME develop dynamic interactions with each other, which determines the characteristics of the tumor. Platelets are the smallest cells in the bloodstream and primarily regulate blood coagulation and hemostasis. Read More

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February 2022

Network pharmacology reveals the potential mechanism of Baiying Qinghou decoction in treating laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 12 20;13(24):26003-26021. Epub 2021 Dec 20.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan 250021, Shandong, China.

Context: Baiying Qinghou as a traditional Chinese medicine decoction shows anticancer property on laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. However, little is known about the precise mechanism of Baiying Qinghou detection against laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Objective: This study was aimed to explore potential mechanism of therapeutic actions of Baiying Qinghou decoction on laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

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December 2021

Synchronous Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Nasal Vestibule With Novel Unique Variants Identified by Whole-exome Sequencing.

In Vivo 2022 Jan-Feb;36(1):251-257

Department of Pathology, Immunology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, U.S.A.;

Background/aim: It is estimated that nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), affects more than 3 million Americans each year. Translation of next-generation sequencing (NGS) data into identification of new potential targets for therapeutic applications may be helpful. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) is a widely used NGS method that involves sequencing the protein-coding regions of the genome. Read More

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January 2022

Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Young Patients Show Higher Rates of Amplification: Implications for Novel Personalized Therapy.

Front Oncol 2021 29;11:750852. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Tissue Pathology and Diagnostic Oncology, NSW Health Pathology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

There is an increasing worldwide incidence of patients under 50 years of age presenting with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The molecular mechanisms driving disease in this emerging cohort remain unclear, limiting impactful treatment options for these patients. To identify common clinically actionable targets in this cohort, we used whole genome and transcriptomic sequencing of OSCC patient samples from 26 individuals under 50 years of age. Read More

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November 2021

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Perineural Invasion in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Potential Targets for Therapeutic Intervention.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Nov 29;13(23). Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

The most common oral cavity cancer is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), of which perineural invasion (PNI) is a significant prognostic factor associated with decreased survival and an increased rate of locoregional recurrence. In the classical theory of PNI, cancer was believed to invade nerves directly through the path of least resistance in the perineural space; however, more recent evidence suggests that PNI requires reciprocal signaling interactions between tumor cells and nerve components, particularly Schwann cells. Specifically, head and neck SCC can express neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors that may contribute to cancer migration towards nerves, PNI, and neuritogenesis towards cancer. Read More

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November 2021

Comparative Proteomic Analysis of HPV(+) Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Recurrence.

J Proteome Res 2022 01 30;21(1):200-208. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Deintensification therapy for human papillomavirus-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPV(+) OPSCC) is under active investigation. An adaptive treatment approach based on molecular stratification could identify high-risk patients predisposed to recurrence and better select for appropriate treatment regimens. Collectively, 40 HPV(+) OPSCC FFPE samples (20 disease-free, 20 recurrent) were surveyed using mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis via data-independent acquisition to obtain fold change and false discovery differences. Read More

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January 2022

AZD4547 targets the FGFR/Akt/SOX2 axis to overcome paclitaxel resistance in head and neck cancer.

Cell Oncol (Dordr) 2022 Feb 27;45(1):41-56. Epub 2021 Nov 27.

Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Erzurum Technical University, Omer Nasuhi Bilmen Mah. Havaalani Yolu Cad. No: 53 Yakutiye, Erzurum, Turkey.

Purpose: Development of chemoresistance is one of the major obstacles to the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The PI3K/Akt pathway, involved in drug resistance, has been found to be overactivated in > 90% of HNSCCs. Aberrant activation of the FGF receptors (FGFRs) has been reported to cause overactivation of the PI3K/Akt pathway and to be associated with the maintenance of stem cell features, which is controlled via SOX2 expression. Read More

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February 2022