1,430 results match your criteria Modified Radical Neck Dissection


Application of Carbon Nanoparticles in Neck Dissection of Clinically Node-Negative Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

Biomed Res Int 2021 21;2021:6693585. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Otolaryngology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, China.

Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the advantages of carbon nanoparticles in neck dissection and to conclude its application in the treatment of clinically node-negative papillary thyroid carcinoma (CN0PTC).

Methods: As a retrospective cohort study, we divided the enrolled patients into two groups, the carbon nanoparticle (CN) group and the control group according to the usage of CN. In the CN group, CN was applied to reveal drainage lymph nodes and the picked LNs were sent for fast frozen testing. Read More

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Malignant tumours of the parotid gland: management of the neck (including the clinically negative neck) and a literature review.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Aug 27. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Major salivary gland malignancies are rare, constituting 1%-3% of head-neck tumours. The surgical management of the clinically negative neck (cN0) does not have a univocal consensus yet. We have carried out a retrospective study on 119 cases of malignant parotid tumours that were surgically treated between January 1999 and January 2014. Read More

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Submandibular gland degloving: A minimally invasive function-preserving surgical approach for benign diseases.

Head Neck 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Otolaryngology Division, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria, Sassari, Italy.

In the Video S1, a modified technique for submandibular gland resection in benign disease is shown. The main plane of dissection is below the fascia and immediately superficial to the fibrous capsule of the gland. The video shows the surgical steps and the structures that become evident along the procedure and illustrates some tips and tricks. Read More

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Neck exploration for a huge synovial sarcoma, case report and literature review.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Feb;71(2(B)):766-768

Department of Surgery, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

A 47-year-old woman presented in the outpatient department of EAST Surgical ward of MAYO Hospital Lahore, Pakistan, on February 2019 with complaint of swelling in the front section of the neck since five months which increased gradually in size and had been causing pain since two months. She had no comorbidities and insignificant family history. Examination revealed a 23×20 cm mass on the right side of the posterior triangle of the neck. Read More

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February 2021

Free flap transfer, a safe and efficient method for reconstruction of composite skull base defects after salvage resection of advanced intra- and extracranial communicating tumors: Short title Free flap transfer for reconstruction of composite skull base defects.

World Neurosurg 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China. Electronic address:

Object: Surgical treatment of advanced intra- and extracranial communicating skull base tumors is challenging, especially for the reconstruction of the large composite defect left by tumor resection. The aim of the study is to evaluate the utility of the free flap reconstruction of the defects resulting from radical resection of these tumors in a single institution.

Methods: The clinical data of 17 consecutive patients who underwent free flap reconstruction for defect left by salvage resection of advanced intra- and extracranial communicating tumors from 2013 to 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Read More

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Sistrunk vs modified Sistrunk procedures: Does procedure type matter?

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Children's Medical Center, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas TX USA. Electronic address:

Background: Thyroglossal Duct Cyst (TDC) is the most common congenital neck mass in children and is surgically managed with a Sistrunk procedure. Some surgeons perform a modified Sistrunk (mSis), involving the dissection of the fistula beyond the hyoid bone without coring out the foramen cecum at the base of the tongue. We aim to evaluate surgical outcomes of children undergoing Sistrunk (Sis) or modified Sistrunk (mSis) procedures for TDC at an academic pediatric institution. Read More

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Primary rhinoplasty in unilateral incomplete cleft lip nose: A 4-year follow up.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 20;145:110717. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Otorhinolaryngology Research Center, Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Department, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess aesthetic result and parents' satisfaction of primary rhinoplasty in unilateral incomplete cleft lip patients.

Methods: Thirty-two consecutive unilateral incomplete cleft lip nose patients were operated in the tertiary hospital from 2012 to 2014. Primary rhinoplasty was done following the principle of the modified McComb repair. Read More

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Safety and Efficacy of Endovascular Therapy for Blood Blister-Like Aneurysms: Willis Covered Stents and Double Stents Assistant Coils-A Single Center Cohort Study.

Front Neurol 2021 8;12:606219. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

To summarize and discuss the application of Willis covered stents (WCSs) and double stent-assisted coils in the treatment of blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs). Thirty-two patients with BBAs treated from January 2015 to October 2020 were included in the study. Among them, 18 were treated using WCSs and 14 using double stents-assisted coils. Read More

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TORS elective lingual tonsillectomy has less acute morbidity than therapeutic base of tongue TORS.

Oral Oncol 2021 Apr 17;117:105294. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Objective: To determine the impact of diagnostic TORS lingual tonsillectomy (DTLT) on objective swallowing measures for carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP).

Methods: Between 10/2016-1/2020, 27 patients with p16+ squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) level 2a nodal disease underwent DTLT and ipsilateral neck dissection for CUP. No patient had a history of cutaneous SCC. Read More

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Therapeutic neck dissection in head and neck melanoma patients: Comparing extent of surgery and clinical outcome in two cohorts.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery and Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: The extent of surgical management of regional lymph nodes in the treatment of cutaneous head and neck melanoma on and anterior to O'Brien's watershed line is controversial. By comparing patients' cohorts of two separate melanoma expert centers we investigate the effectiveness of comprehensive versus (super-) selective neck dissection approach.

Methods: Sixty patients with macroscopic (palpable) neck node metastases (N2b) from anterior scalp and face melanoma were retrospectively studied. Read More

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Modified version of minimally invasive open thyroidectomy using a unilateral incision.

Asian J Surg 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Surgery, CHA Ilsan Medical Center, Goyang-si, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background/objective: Open thyroidectomy has been the standard approach for patients undergoing thyroidectomy. However, this approach leads to prominent scars, hypesthesia, paresthesia, and uncomfortable sensations. We aimed to describe our modified technique of minimally invasive open thyroidectomy (MIT) and to compare the results with those of conventional thyroidectomy. Read More

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Development, translation, and preliminary validation of the neck dissection assessment tool.

Head Neck 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Background: The objective was to develop an assessment tool to evaluate residents' competency for neck dissection and provide preliminary evidence of feasibility, reliability, and validity.

Methods: Six surgeons developed a neck dissection assessment tool using a modified Delphi method and evaluated 58 neck dissections from six junior and six senior otolaryngology residents.

Results: The assessment tool uses a double checklist: a previously validated global rating scale (GRS) and a task-specific checklist (TSC). Read More

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Consensus Statement by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinology (AACE) and the American Head and Neck Society Endocrine Surgery Section (AHNS) on Pediatric Benign and Malignant Thyroid Surgery.

Endocr Pract 2021 Mar 10;27(3):174-184. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Thyroid and Parathyroid Endocrine Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives: To provide a clinical disease state review of recent relevant literature and to generate expert consensus statements regarding the breadth of pediatric thyroid cancer diagnosis and care, with an emphasis on thyroid surgery. To generate expert statements to educate pediatric practitioners on the state-of-the-art practices and the value of surgical experience in the management of this unusual and challenging disease in children.

Methods: A literature search was conducted and statements were constructed and subjected to a modified Delphi process to measure the consensus of the expert author panel. Read More

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Risk factors for postoperative hypocalcaemia after thyroidectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Int Med Res 2021 Mar;49(3):300060521996911

Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Huzhou University, Huzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Objective: A meta-analysis to investigate the risk factors for postoperative hypocalcaemia after thyroidectomy in adult patients.

Methods: A systematic search of publications in the electronic databases (PubMed®, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, OVID and Embase®) from inception to June 2020 was conducted. Screening of titles, abstracts and full texts and data extraction were independently performed by two authors. Read More

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Terrible triad of the hip: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 14:105758. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Pipkin-III femoral head fracture dislocation is a rare injury and its outcome is guarded. Some authors believe femoral neck fracture of Pipkin-III injury is largely iatrogenic. Recent literature showed none of these injuries had excellent outcome, and most patients end up with hip replacement. Read More

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Simplifying Access to the Lateral Sphenoid Recess: A Modification of the Transpterygoid Approach.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2021 Mar 24:19458924211003813. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Meningoencephaloceles originating in the lateral recess of the sphenoid sinus can be difficult to access. Historically, the endoscopic transpterygoid approach was advocated, which carries additional morbidity given the dissection of the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) contents to provide a direct line approach to the defect. Given our increased facility with angled endoscopes and instrumentation, we now approach this region in a less invasive manner. Read More

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The importance of flaps in reconstruction of locoregionally advanced lateral skull-base cancer defects: a tertiary otorhinolaryngology referral centre experience.

Radiol Oncol 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background: The aim of the study was to identify the value of extensive resection and reconstruction with flaps in the treatment of locoregionally advanced lateral skull-base cancer.

Patients And Methods: The retrospective case review of patients with lateral skull-base cancer treated surgically with curative intent between 2011 and 2019 at a tertiary otorhinolaryngology referral centre was made.

Results: Twelve patients with locoregionally advanced cancer were analysed. Read More

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Use of Ultrasmall Core-Shell Fluorescent Silica Nanoparticles for Image-Guided Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Head and Neck Melanoma: A Nonrandomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Mar 1;4(3):e211936. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Head and Neck Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

Importance: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping agents approved for current surgical practice lack sufficient brightness and target specificity for high-contrast, sensitive nodal visualization.

Objective: To evaluate whether an ultrasmall, molecularly targeted core-shell silica nanoparticle (Cornell prime dots) can safely and reliably identify optically avid SLNs in head and neck melanoma during fluorescence-guided biopsy.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This nonrandomized clinical trial enrolled patients aged 18 years or older with histologically confirmed melanoma in whom SLN mapping was indicated. Read More

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Malignant melanoma of urethra in a young female - Case report and Literature review.

Gulf J Oncolog 2021 Jan;1(35):92-95

Dept. of Pathology, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry.

Malignant mucosal melanoma (MM) is a rare and aggressive neoplasm, which behaves differently from its cutaneous counterpart. MM of head and neck account for 55.4%, genital tracts - 18%, ano-rectal - 23. Read More

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January 2021

extract (Helixor-M) treatment for thoracic duct injury after modified radical neck dissection: a case report.

Gland Surg 2021 Feb;10(2):832-836

Department of Surgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea. 271, Cheonbo-ro, Uijeongbu-si, Gyenggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Chyle leakage after modified radical neck dissection is a rare condition that could be occasionally life-threatening if untreated. We report the first case of successful management of a thoracic duct injury using extract (Helixor-M). A 54-year-old woman diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer of the right lobe of the thyroid with metastasis to cervical lymph node levels II-VI, bilaterally, underwent total thyroidectomy and modified radical neck dissection. Read More

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February 2021

Modified Sternocleidomastoid Sparing Approach for Vertebral Artery (V1) to Common Carotid Artery Transposition: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 May;20(6):E448

Division of Neurosurgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

Vertebral artery (VA) V1 segment to common carotid artery (CCA) transposition is an uncommon operation with existing literature describing dissection of the sternoclavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle.1,2 We present a modified approach for transposition without cutting the SCM. Our patient is a 76-yr-old female with history of a previous cerebellar stroke. Read More

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A live porcine model for surgical training in tracheostomy, neck dissection, and total laryngectomy.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Feb 18. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Otolaryngology Department, University Hospital Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: Head and neck surgery is associated with a steep learning curve, creating a need for effective training methods. Live animal models can be useful in acquiring the required skills and techniques to perform tracheostomy, neck dissection, and laryngectomy. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility and usefulness of a porcine model to teach tracheostomy, neck dissection, and laryngectomy, describing the similarities between a swine head and neck surgical model and the human cervical area. Read More

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February 2021

Robotic Modified Radical Neck Dissection Through the Bilateral Axillary Breast Approach.

Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Feb 1;14(1):13-14. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

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February 2021

The X-pointer: A forgotten anatomical relationship of spinal accessory nerve and great auricular nerve.

Surg Oncol 2021 Feb 1;37:101522. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

HCG Cancer Centre, Bangalore, India; Centre for Academics & Research, HCG Bangalore, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: The preservation of the spinal accessory nerve cannot be overlooked in neck dissection. Injury to the nerve results in shoulder dysfunction and other related morbidities. In this article, we describe a unique constant relationship between spinal accessory nerve and great auricular nerve, at the junction of the anterior and posterior triangles of the neck, eponymously labelled the X- pointer. Read More

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February 2021

Subtemporal, Transapical, and Transcavernous Approach to Clip Low-Lying Basilar Tip Aneurysm: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 May;20(6):E436

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Basilar tip aneurysm clipping is technically challenging because of the depth of operative corridor, rarity in presentation, and important perforators supplying deep, critical structures. Two major approaches to basilar tip aneurysms include (1) a frontotemporal (transorbital) trans-sylvian approach for most aneurysms and (2) a modified subtemporal approach for aneurysms with low-lying necks. A 53-yr-old woman presented to our institution with a large unruptured basilar tip aneurysm notable for a low, broad neck (6. Read More

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ASO Author Reflections: A New Procedure for Modified Radical Neck Dissection via the Transoral Endoscopic Approach.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 May 5;28(5):2767. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Vietnam National Cancer Hospital, 30 Cau Buou Street, Thanh Tri District, Hanoi, Vietnam.

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Anterior perforated substance region aneurysms: review of a series treated with microsurgical technique.

Neurosurg Rev 2021 Feb 4. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Arkansas Neuroscience Institute, CHI Saint Vincent Infirmary, Little Rock, AR, USA.

Aneurysms arising from the distal carotid, proximal A1, and proximal M1 that project posteriorly and superiorly toward the anterior perforated substance (APS) are rare. Their open surgical treatment is particularly difficult due to poorly visualized origin of the aneurysm and the abundance of surrounding perforators. We sought to analyze the anatomical and clinical characteristics of APS aneurysms and discuss surgical nuances that can optimize visualization, complete neck clip obliteration, and preservation of adjacent perforators. Read More

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February 2021

Cavernous sinus thrombosis: a late complication of head and neck surgery.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but fatal condition arising due to various infectious and noninfectious causes. Although its incidence is very low in the setting of head and neck surgery, including radical neck dissection, a high index of suspicion with prompt treatment is the key to a successful outcome. We report a case of a 50-year-old woman with a chondrosarcoma of left lower alveolobuccal complex who underwent en bloc tumour resection with infratemporal fossa clearance and left modified radical neck dissection. Read More

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February 2021

[Myoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland: a rare tumor with diagnostic challenges].

Wien Med Wochenschr 2021 Jan 29. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Klinische Abteilung für Hals‑, Nasen‑, Ohrenkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum St. Pölten, Karl Landsteiner Privatuniversität für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Dunant-Platz 1, 3100, St. Pölten, Österreich.

We report on the occurrence of a myoepithelial carcinoma (MC) of the parotid gland in a 58-year-old female patient, 6 years after total parotidectomy of a locoregional myoepithelioma. Due to the rapid growth in the former resection area, panendoscopy and tumor extirpation of the right parotid region were performed. From a histomorphological and cytomorphological point of view, a hyalinized clear cell carcinoma of the salivary gland was originally diagnosed. Read More

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January 2021

The influence of cervical lymph node number of neck dissection on the prognosis of the early oral cancer patients.

J Dent Sci 2020 Dec 7;15(4):519-525. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: The status of neck lymph nodes (LNs) plays an important role in survival of oral cavity cancer. Early stage oral cancer patients are still at a risk for locoregional metastasis. We aimed to determine the number of LNs that needs to be retrieved for adequate diagnosis and treatment of the neck tumor. Read More

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December 2020