1,489 results match your criteria Modified Radical Neck Dissection

Robot-Assisted Total Thyroidectomy with or without Robot-Assisted Neck Dissection in Pediatric Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 9;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea.

Pediatric thyroid cancer more frequently develops cervical node metastasis than adult thyroid cancer, even in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Thus, cervical neck dissection often needs to be performed simultaneously with thyroidectomy in pediatric patients. Herein, we describe our experience with robot-assisted total thyroidectomy with/without robot-assisted neck dissection in pediatric patients compared with the conventional operated group. Read More

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Sternocleidomastoid Tendon as a Consistent Landmark for Identifying the Spinal Accessory Nerve: A Case Series.

OTO Open 2022 Apr-Jun;6(2):2473974X221103844. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, UCMC, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Objective: We propose a standardized approach of using the tendon of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle to locate the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) in neck dissection.

Study Design: Cross-sectional anatomic study.

Setting: Tertiary academic medical center. Read More

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Clinical T4b Squamous Cell Carcinoma Resection With Hemimandibulectomy and Temporomandibular Joint Reconstruction With Bridging Plate and Modified Dautrey Procedure.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 May 21;33(3):e316-e318. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, China Medical university Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract: Clinical T4b oral squamous cell carcinoma is traditionally considered nonoperable. We present a case of right mandibular squamous cell carcinoma (PT4bN0M0, stage IVB). The tumor had extended to the right mandibular condylar head and masticatory space. Read More

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Extent of Neck Dissection and Cervical Lymph Node Involvement in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2022 24;12:812864. Epub 2022 May 24.

Clinic for Maxillofacial and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe University, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany.

Introduction: Tumor resection combined with neck dissection (ND) or radiotherapy are established methods for the treatment of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the extent of ND can lead to postoperative complications. Therefore, for the first time, this study aims to identify lymph node involvement in OSCC performed in a bilateral systematic approach based on oncologic board meetings relying on presurgical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). Read More

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Facial Plast Surg 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Otorhinolaryngology, Acibadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The attenuation of retaining ligaments with aging leads to downward displacement of facial fat compartments, and is responsible for many of the stigmata that occur with aging. The zygomatic cutaneous and masseteric cutaneous ligaments prevent the transmission of adequate traction to the malar portion of the dissection during traditional low SMAS facelift techniques which involve plication or imbrication of the exposed surface of the SMAS because they do not include surgical release of these ligaments. Inadequate release of these ligaments, especially the zygomatic cutaneous ligament may lead to an unbalanced, unnatural appearance with unopposed nasolabial folds. Read More

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Am I doing this right? Structured self-assessment during simulation training of mastoidectomy improves cadaver dissection performance: a prospective educational study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Copenhagen Hearing and Balance Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Purpose: Temporal bone surgery requires excellent surgical skills and simulation-based training can aid novices' skills acquisition. However, simulation-based training is challenged by early stagnation of performance after few performances. Structured self-assessment during practice might enhance learning by inducing reflection and engagement in the learning task. Read More

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Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma with contralateral lymphatic skip metastasis and breast cancer: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(11):3609-3614

Department of General Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.

Background: The recognized pattern of cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) of papillary thyroid carcinoma involves a stepwise route. Contralateral lymph node skip metastasis is very rare. In addition, the patient in our case report also suffered from a breast carcinoma accompanied by left supraclavicular lymphadenopathy, which made it difficult to distinguish the origin of the CLNM. Read More

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Prevalence of occult nodal metastases in squamous cell carcinoma of the temporal bone: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of ENT, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.

Purpose: Primary: To determine the rate of occult cervical metastases in primary temporal bone squamous cell carcinomas (TBSSC). Secondary: to perform a subgroup meta-analysis of the risk of occult metastases based on the clinical stage of the tumour and its risk based on corresponding levels of the neck.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of papers searched through Medline, Cochrane, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science up to November 2021 to determine the pooled rate of occult lymph node/parotid metastases. Read More

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Trans-Nasion-Complex Approach for Endoscopic Modified Lothrop Procedure: Conception, Anatomy, and Technique.

Front Surg 2022 12;9:871635. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: The endoscopic modified Lothrop procedure (EMLP) is an important procedure used to address frontal and anterior skull-base lesions. Two techniques were established, namely, the inside-out approach and the outside-in approach. The former technique take the frontal recess and the first olfactory filament (FOF) as key landmarks while the latter use the FOF as posterior boundary. Read More

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Retraction notice to: Minimal Scar Dissection for Partial Parotidectomy via a Modified Cosmetic Incision and an Advanced Wound Closure Method [YJOMS 77 (2019) 1317.E1-1317.E9].

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 05;80(5):967

This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal). Read More

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Lessons learned during covid-19 pandemic, a worldwide survey: evolution of global neurosurgical practice.

J Neurosurg Sci 2022 Apr 13. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, a multitude of surveys have analyzed the impact virus spreading on the everyday medical practice, including neurosurgery. However, none have examined the perceptions of neurosurgeons towards the pandemic, their life changes, and the strategies they implemented to be able to deal with their patients in such a difficult time.

Methods: From April 2021 to May 2021 a modified Delphi method was used to construct, pilot, and refine the questionnaire focused on the evolution of global neurosurgical practice during the pandemic. Read More

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The impact of the modified schedules of anatomy education on students' performance and satisfaction: Responding to COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea.

PLoS One 2022 11;17(4):e0266426. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic substantially undermined medical education and healthcare systems. Owing to the pandemic in South Korea, most medical schools needed to be flexible when conducting online and offline classes, but the guidelines did not reflect the specificity of medical schools. This study described the impact of modified anatomy education schedules at the Seoul National University College of Medicine (SNUCM) on students' academic performance and satisfaction. Read More

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Anatomical variations in the relationship between the spinal accessory nerve and internal jugular vein: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Mar 30. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Neurosciences Study Group, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil; Department of Morphology, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil.

The relationship between the spinal accessory nerve and internal jugular vein is important for modified neck dissection surgery. Therefore, the aim of this review was to investigate variations in this relationship. Through a search of the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, and SciELO databases, the review authors collected anatomical data for inclusion in a meta-analysis, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Read More

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Assessment of surgical competence for neck dissection: a pilot study.

Can J Surg 2022 Mar-Apr;65(2):E178-E187. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

From the Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montreal, Que. (Mercier, Guertin, Bissada, Christopoulos, Tabet, Yang, Ayad); the Centre de recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Que. (Christopoulos, Ayad); and the Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Montréal, Que. (Olivier, Ayad)

Background: Progressive implementation of the milestone competence-based curriculum has created a need for new objective and validated means to assess resident surgical proficiency. A previous systematic review of the literature by our group has highlighted a shortage of tools assessing surgical competence in oncologic procedures in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery.

Methods: We developed a procedure-specific assessment tool for neck dissection using a modified Delphi method. Read More

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Management of lateral neck nodes in common and aggressive variants of thyroid cancer.

Ashok R Shaha

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022 Apr;30(2):130-136

Head and Neck Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Although nodal metastasis in thyroid cancer does not have a major impact on outcome, it does have some prognostic implication in adverse metastasis and aggressive histology. The purpose of this review is to discuss evaluation and management of lateral neck nodes in thyroid cancer.

Recent Findings: There is a high incidence of central and lateral neck node metastasis in thyroid cancer. Read More

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Development and Validation of Instrument for Operative Competency Assessment in Selective Neck Dissection.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2022 Mar 7:34894221081101. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Mayo Clinic - Otorhinolaryngology, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Instruments to assess surgical skills have been validated for several key indicator procedures in otolaryngology. Selective neck dissection is a core procedure for which trainees must integrate knowledge of complex head and neck anatomy with technical surgical skills. An instrument for assessment of surgical performance in selective neck dissection has not been previously developed. Read More

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Surgical Approach for Rapid and Minimally Traumatic Recovery of Human Inner Ear Tissues From Deceased Organ Donors.

Otol Neurotol 2022 04;43(4):e519-e525

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Objective: To develop a surgical approach for rapid and minimally traumatic recovery of inner ear tissue from human organ and tissue donors to provide fresh tissue for use in inner ear research.

Study Design: Exploration of novel surgical methodology and evaluation of the steps necessary for obtaining specimens from donors during the procurement of organs for transplantation.

Setting: Donor procurement locations across multiple local hospitals and tissue processing at the microsurgical temporal bone laboratory. Read More

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The advantages of modified Thiel technique in head and neck surgical anatomy teaching.

Surg Radiol Anat 2022 Mar 28;44(3):345-352. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, CHU de Caen, 14000, Caen, France.

Purpose: Thiel's body preservation method allows the donor body to retain color and soft tissue that are similar to those of a living individual. Since its initial description, the technique has not been developed much. Here, we propose a simpler protocol applied to the head and neck, making the technique easier, cheaper, and more accessible to a greater number of medical schools. Read More

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Time to Functional Recovery After Laser Tonsillotomy Performed Under Local Anesthesia vs Conventional Tonsillectomy With General Anesthesia Among Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 02 1;5(2):e2148655. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Hagaziekenhuis, The Hague, the Netherlands.

Importance: Carbon dioxide laser tonsillotomy performed under local anesthesia may be an effective and less invasive alternative than dissection tonsillectomy for treatment of tonsil-related afflictions.

Objective: To compare functional recovery and symptom relief among adults undergoing tonsillectomy or tonsillotomy.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at 5 secondary and tertiary hospitals in the Netherlands from January 2018 to December 2019. Read More

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February 2022

Improving the recognition of cervical arterial dissection in clinical practice: investigation of a five criteria diagnostic support tool.

Physiother Theory Pract 2022 Jan 31:1-8. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia.

Background: Cervical arterial dissection (CeAD) is a serious condition that can mimic a musculoskeletal condition. A diagnostic tool using five key criteria could help prompt early medical referral, but these criteria may occur in healthy people or benign neck pain/headache.

Objective: To determine the frequency of CeAD criteria in healthy individuals and those with neck pain/headache, and identify refinements needed to improve specificity. Read More

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January 2022

Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma of the Thyroid Gland in a Patient with Preexisting Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: A Rare Case Report with a Literature Review.

Case Rep Oncol 2021 Sep-Dec;14(3):1698-1705. Epub 2021 Nov 25.

Colorectal Research Center, Department of Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Thyroid follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is an extremely rare malignancy that originates from follicular dendritic cells of the thyroid germinal centers. To the best of our knowledge, there are only 4 reported cases of thyroid FDCS in the English literature. Herein, we present the fifth case of FDCS of the thyroid gland. Read More

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November 2021

Heterotopic SMARCB1-deficient high-grade transformed/dedifferentiated acinic cell carcinoma and sine-qua-non radiology- pathology with TNM challenge.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2022 Apr 21;57:151900. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Anatomic Pathology, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Head and Neck Disease Alignment Team, City of Hope Cancer Center, 1500 Duarte Rd., CA 91010, United States of America. Electronic address:

Heterotopic salivary tissue (HSGT) is found where salivary glands are not normally placed. HSGT manifests as accessory salivary glands, salivary tissue associated with branchial cleft anomalies, and true heterotopic salivary gland tissue. Benign and malignant salivary heterotopias have been described in the literature, with the most common reported neoplasm being Warthin tumor. Read More

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[Functional Recovery following Incisional Cheiloplasty for Lower Labial Edema That Developed after Bilateral Neck Dissection and Postoperative Chemoradiotherapy-A Case Report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Dec;48(13):1721-1724

Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Hospital Organization Hamada Medical Center.

We report a case of functional recovery following incisional cheiloplasty for the management of lower labial edema that developed after bilateral neck dissection with preservation of the one-side internal jugular vein and postoperative chemoradiotherapy. An 81-year-old woman underwent partial maxillectomy for the treatment of maxillary gingival cancer(squamous cell carcinoma, cT1N0M0, Stage Ⅰ)in April 2013. In July 2013, she underwent bilateral neck dissection(right, modified; left, radical)for bilateral cervical lymph node recurrence with an extra-nodal spread and received postoperative chemoradiotherapy( CDDP 75 mg/m2×3 course and total radiotherapy dosage of 66 Gy). Read More

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December 2021

Modified nasolabial flap- the nasomentolabial flap: A new arrow in surgeon's quiver.

Oral Oncol 2022 02 6;125:105697. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

BBCI, India. Electronic address:

Aims And Objectives: To describe an inferior extension of a naso-labial flap as an adjunct to a maleo-labial flap in reconstruction of complete thickness defects around the oral commissure in 2 cases that we performed at our institute.

Methods: Two elderly cases of carcinoma buccal mucosa who underwent wide local excision along with neck dissection had moderately large peri-oral defects that are large to cover with nasolabial flap alone. An inferior extension to the maleo-labial flap was added, making it a naso-mento-labial flap to reconstruct the defects with an acceptable outcome aesthetically and functionally. Read More

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February 2022

Mucoepidermoid Carcinomas of the Larynx.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2022 Jan 6:34894211069459. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Oregon Health and Science University School of Medicine, Portland, OR, USA.

Objectives: Discussions regarding the specific management and outcomes for laryngeal MEC are limited to very small, single-institution case series. To look further into the diagnosis and management of these uncommon non-squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx, we present 3 recent cases of laryngeal MEC treated at our institution.

Methods: Patients at a tertiary hospital treated for MEC between October 2019 and December 2020 were retrospectively identified. Read More

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January 2022

Gravity Assisted Retraction Less Occipito Transtentorial and Trans-Splenial Approach for Posterior Third Ventricular Dermoid.

Neurol India 2021 Nov-Dec;69(6):1557-1559

Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, UP, India.

Background And Introduction: A dermoid is an inclusion cyst. Its presence in the posterior third ventricle is highly infrequent. It usually compresses rather than infiltrates the posterior third ventricle's anatomical structures due to a well-defined capsule. Read More

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January 2022

The Benefit of Postoperative Radiotherapy and Extending Neck Dissection in pT1-2 Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma With a Single Ipsilateral Cervical Lymph Node Metastasis (pN1).

Anticancer Res 2022 Jan;42(1):97-104

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein (Campus Lübeck), Lübeck, Germany

Background/aim: We compared postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) to surgery only (SO), and supraomohyoidal neck dissection (SOHND) to modified radical neck dissection (MRND) in patients with pT1-T2 squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity (OSCC) and a single cervical lymph node metastasis (pN1) in terms of overall survival (OS), oral cancer specific survival (OCSS), and regional recurrence-free survival (RRFS), in a prospective cohort study.

Patients And Methods: We included patients with pT1-T2 pN1 OSCC with no distant metastasis and estimated the survival probabilities using the Kaplan-Meier method and calculated hazards ratios (HR) for PORT vs. SO and MRND vs. Read More

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January 2022

Wright's Technique with the Addition of Visualized Axial Cortical Windows in Odontoid Fractures.

Orthop Surg 2022 Feb 16;14(2):443-450. Epub 2021 Dec 16.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

This study sought to investigate and evaluate a modified axial translaminar screw fixation for treating odontoid fractures. We performed a retrospective study at Wenzhou Medical University Affiliated Second Hospital between March 2016 and June 2018. We retrospectively collected and analyzed the medical records of 23 cases with odontoid fractures. Read More

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February 2022

Follicular thyroid carcinoma with an iliac wing metastasis - Rare case report at Bugando Medical Centre in Tanzania.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Dec 22;89:106615. Epub 2021 Nov 22.

Department of Surgery, University of Dodoma, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Dodoma, Tanzania.

Thyroid carcinoma is uncommon in our geographical setting. When it occurs the leading histological type is papillary thyroid carcinoma followed by follicular thyroid carcinoma which are differentiated thyroid carcinomas. Differentiated thyroid carcinomas usually have a good prognosis as compared to undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas. Read More

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December 2021

Robot assisted modified retro-auricular approach for posterior triangle of neck: The path differently taken.

Oral Oncol 2022 01 29;124:105633. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

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January 2022