36,923 results match your criteria Mitral Regurgitation


Papillary muscle avulsion following balloon mitral valvotomy evaluated with three-dimensional echocardiography.

BMC Surg 2022 May 21;22(1):199. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Cardiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guoxue Street, Wuhou District, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: Percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy is a common therapeutic approach for rheumatic mitral stenosis. Avulsion of the papillary muscle is a rare but serious complication of balloon mitral valvotomy. The papillary muscles are derived from the trabecular layer of the developing ventricular walls. Read More

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Takayasu arteritis with congestive heart failure in 26-year-old male: a case report.

Egypt Heart J 2022 May 21;74(1):41. Epub 2022 May 21.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Jember, Jl. Kalimantan No. 37, Jember, East Java, 68121, Indonesia.

Background: Takayasu arteritis (TA) is included in large vessel vasculitis with unknown aetiopathogenesis. TA is one of the rare diseases with a predilection for young women. The diagnosis of TA is difficult due to variation in clinical presentations and non-specific initial symptoms. Read More

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Outcomes of mitral valve repair in children with infective endocarditis: a single-center experience.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne; Heart Research Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne; Melbourne Centre for Cardiovascular Genomics and Regenerative Medicine, Melbourne. Electronic address:

Background: Mitral valve infective endocarditis (IE) in children is rare, and there are few reports on the outcomes of surgery in these patients. This study investigated the long-term outcomes of mitral valve repair in children with IE.

Methods: Data were retrospectively obtained from medical records and correspondence. Read More

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Pasteurella multocida Bacteremia Secondary to Peritoneal Dialysis Associated Peritonitis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2022 Apr 16;14(4):e24188. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA.

We report the fiftieth case in the literature of species peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis and the third reported case of bacteremia associated with PD-related peritonitis. Our review provides the most up-to-date collection of all fifty reported cases of PD-related peritonitis caused by  species. A 77-year-old Caucasian male with a past medical history significant for new-onset left-ventricular systolic heart failure, severe mitral valve regurgitation, and end-stage renal disease on PD for six months presented to the emergency department with a one-week cloudy peritoneal effluent and intermittent abdominal pain. Read More

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Barlow disease: effect of mitral valve repair on ventricular arrhythmias in 82 patients in a retrospective long-term study.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Cardiovascular Center - Klinik im Park, Zurich, Switzerland -

Background: Patients (pt) with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) due to Barlow disase (BD) have an increased incidence of ventricular arrhythmias (VA; including ventricular tachycardias VT) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Data on the effect of MV repair on VA are scarce.

Methods: Pre- and postoperative VA in severe mitral regurgitation (MR) with MVP due to BD undergoing surgical mitral valve repair were analyzed. Read More

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Profile, presentation and outcomes of prosthetic valve endocarditis in a South African tertiary hospital: Insights from the Groote Schuur Hospital Infective Endocarditis Registry.

S Afr Med J 2022 Apr 4;112(4):13554. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Prosthetic valve infective endocarditis (PVE) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of PVE in South African retrospective studies ranges between 13% and 17%.

Objectives: To define the clinical profile and outcomes of patients with PVE, and compare them with those of native valve endocarditis (NVE) patients. Read More

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Chordal replacement and annuloplasty in one transfemoral device for degenerative mitral regurgitation.

EuroIntervention 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Division of Interventional Cardiology, Vancouver General Hospital and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

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Conduction system pacing vs biventricular pacing in patients with ventricular dysfunction and AV block.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Institut Clínic Cardiovascular (ICCV), Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Background: It is unknown whether His-Purkinje conduction system pacing (HPCSP), as either His bundle or left bundle branch pacing, could be an alternative to cardiac resynchronization therapy (BiVCRT) for patients with left ventricular dysfunction needing ventricular pacing due to atrioventricular block. The aim of the study is to compare the echocardiographic response and clinical improvement between HPCSP and BiVCRT.

Methods: Consecutive patients who successfully received HPCSP were compared with a historical cohort of BiVCRT patients. Read More

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Cardiac calcified amorphous tumor with mitral valve perforation: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2022 May 3;25(5):297-299. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka Police Hospital, Kitayama-cho 10-31, Tennouji-ku, Osaka 543-0035, Japan.

Cardiac calcified amorphous tumors are rare non-neoplastic intracavitary masses. Herein, we report a case of a 75-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea on exertion and multiple cerebral infarctions 3 months prior. Transthoracic echocardiography showed severe mitral regurgitation from the posterior mitral leaflet with valve perforation and severe mitral annular calcification. Read More

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Hypereosinophilic syndrome presenting as acute ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and arterial involvement: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(11):3547-3552

Department of Central Laboratory, Liaocheng People's Hospital, Liaocheng 252000, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Simultaneous cerebral and myocardial infarction with arterial involvement has not been reported in hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). Here, we report a patient with HES that was also associated with acute ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and arterial involvement of the left common carotid artery, vertebral arteries, posterior cerebral artery, and coronary artery.

Case Summary: A 64-year-old male patient was admitted with headache and right lower extremity weakness. Read More

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Mutations in COL1A1 and COL27A1 Associated with a Pectus Excavatum Phenotype in 2 Siblings with Osteogenesis Imperfecta.

Am J Case Rep 2022 May 18;23:e935526. Epub 2022 May 18.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

BACKGROUND Osteogenesis imperfecta is a skeletal disease with a range of phenotypes, depending on the genetic mutation. Individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta type I often have mutations in COL1A genes. This disease can be associated with chest wall deformities such as pectus excavatum, but the number of patients with this presentation is limited, and genetic variants associated with this phenotype have not been reported. Read More

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Transcatheter Electrosurgical Laceration and Stabilization of Failed MitraClip[s]/SAPIEN M3 for Treatment of Failed MitraClip.

Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2022 May 17;15(5):e012014. Epub 2022 May 17.

Structural Heart and Valve Center, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA (E.K.I., A.B.G., J.C.L., I.B., P.T.G., J.X.X., N.S., V.C.B.).

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Pulmonary Congestion During Exercise Stress Echocardiography in Ischemic and Heart Failure Patients.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2022 May 17;15(5):e013558. Epub 2022 May 17.

Highly Specialized Rehabilitation Hospital Motta di Livenza, Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation Unit, Treviso, Italy (F.A.-C.).

Background: Lung ultrasound detects pulmonary congestion as B-lines at rest, and more frequently, during exercise stress echocardiography (ESE).

Methods: We performed ESE plus lung ultrasound (4-site simplified scan) in 4392 subjects referred for semi-supine bike ESE in 24 certified centers in 9 countries. B-line score ranged from 0 (normal) to 40 (severely abnormal). Read More

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Accessory left atrial cords: A case report and literature review.

J Card Surg 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Arrixaca University Hospital, IMIB Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain.

Introduction: Accessory left atrial cords are fibroelastic structures found in the left atrium. Left atrial cords may be associated with mitral valve disease, atrial fibrillation, stroke, and other congenital left-side anomalies.

Methods: We presented the case of a man with severe Mitral Regurgitation and two accessories left atrial cords attached to P2 scallop by a single tendon and performed a literature review using PUBMED/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases on December 4, 2021. Read More

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Machine learning based model for risk prediction after ST-Elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the North India ST elevation myocardial infarction (NORIN-STEMI) Registry.

Int J Cardiol 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Cardiology, GB, Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Background: Risk prediction following ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) in resource limited countries is critical to identify patients at an increased risk of mortality who might benefit from intensive management.

Methods: North India ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NORIN-STEMI) is an ongoing registry that has prospectively enrolled 3,635 STEMI patients. Of these, 3191 patients with first STEMI were included. Read More

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Anomalous inferior vena cava drainage in a patient undergoing cardiac surgery.

J Card Surg 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava are rare but if unidentified may create a risk for complications during surgery. In cardiac surgery, identifying such anomalies is crucial as they may alter the normal conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass. Herein, we describe a case of a 78-year-old women with an anomalous inferior vena cava draining into the superior vena cava, who was referred for surgical management of severe mitral regurgitation. Read More

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Acute Afterload Mismatch After Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Repair.

JACC Case Rep 2022 May 4;4(9):519-522. Epub 2022 May 4.

Division of Cardiology, St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Ontario, Canada.

Acute afterload mismatch and left ventricular dysfunction after mitral valve repair are well established. The impact of transcatheter tricuspid valve repair (TTVr) on right ventricular (RV) function is less clearly defined. To our knowledge, there are no reports of acute RV dysfunction after TTVr. Read More

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Hidden in Plain Sight: Discovering Giant Cell Aortopathy During Surgical Mitral Valve Repair.

JACC Case Rep 2022 May 4;4(9):529-532. Epub 2022 May 4.

DeBakey Heart and Vascular Institute, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA.

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammatory cranial and/or extracranial vasculitis. Although cranial GCA is widely recognized, extracranial GCA is underdiagnosed because of its nonspecific and atypical presentations. We report a case of asymptomatic extracranial GCA with ascending thoracic aortopathy discovered incidentally during surgical mitral valve repair. Read More

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Concomitant Redo Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement and Valve-in-Mitral Annular Calcification.

JACC Case Rep 2022 May 4;4(9):512-515. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Contemporary challenges in structural heart intervention include redo transcatheter aortic valve replacement and transcatheter mitral valve replacement in severe mitral annular calcification. We report a case of concomitant redo transcatheter aortic valve replacement and transcatheter mitral valve replacement in mitral annular calcification in a patient with radiation heart disease. (). Read More

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Inferior Wall ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Left Ventricular Pseudoaneurysm, Cardiac Tamponade, and Partial Papillary Muscle Rupture.

Cureus 2022 Apr 12;14(4):e24061. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Cardiology, Staten Island University Hospital, Northwell Heath, Staten Island, USA.

Papillary muscle rupture (PMR) is a rare complication of myocardial infarction. Its incidence has been decreasing nowadays because of improved early revascularization techniques. When it occurs, surgical treatment is the only therapeutic lifesaving approach. Read More

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3D vena contracta area in degenerative mitral regurgitation: cross-platform comparison in a single patient.

J Geriatr Cardiol 2022 Apr;19(4):322-324

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

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Long-Term Survival of Adult Patients With Atrial Septal Defect With Regards to Defect Closure and Pulmonary Hypertension.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 28;9:867012. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, Czechia.

Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common congenital heart disease (CHD) in adults and pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an established risk factor. A decision whether to perform ASD closure, especially in elderly patients with PH, is a complex dilemma. The aim of our study was to compare long-term survival in patients with closed and open ASD. Read More

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Mitral regurgitation quantified by CMR 4D-flow is associated with microvascular obstruction post reperfused ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

BMC Res Notes 2022 May 15;15(1):181. Epub 2022 May 15.

Department of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UQ, UK.

Objectives: Mitral regurgitation (MR) and microvascular obstruction (MVO) are common complications of myocardial infarction (MI). This study aimed to investigate the association between MR in ST-elevation MI (STEMI) subjects with MVO post-reperfusion. STEMI subjects undergoing primary percutaneous intervention were enrolled. Read More

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Streamline-based three-dimensional peak-velocity tracing of transvalvular flow using four-dimensional flow cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for left ventricular diastolic assessment in aortic regurgitation: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 16;16(1):205. Epub 2022 May 16.

Cardiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, UK.

Background: Doppler transthoracic echocardiography is routinely performed to measure peak mitral inflow velocities in the assessment of left ventricular diastolic function. The limitations of echocardiography are well documented, but its accuracy in the measurement of transmitral peak velocity in the presence of aortic valve regurgitation has not yet been compared with four-dimensional flow cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Four-dimensional flow cardiac magnetic resonance imaging offers time-resolved cross-sectional velocity information that can be used to investigate mitral inflow peak velocity. Read More

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Incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of reintervention after mitral transcatheter edge-to-edge repair.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2022 Apr 13. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Objective: The use of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) is growing substantially, and reintervention after TEER by way of repeat TEER or mitral valve surgery (MVS) is increasing as a result. In this nationally representative study we examined the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of reintervention after index TEER.

Methods: Between July 2013 and November 2017, we reviewed 11,396 patients who underwent index TEER using Medicare beneficiary data. Read More

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Tailoring the therapy to the patient with mitral and tricuspid regurgitation to avoid adverse long-term outcomes.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2022 May;99(6):1857-1858

Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York, USA.

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Mitral annular calcification-A marker of risk, and a harbinger of technical challenges during intervention.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2022 May;99(6):1817-1818

Department of Cardiology, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Texas, USA.

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Congenital supravalvular aortic stenosis in a kitten.

Authors:
V Szatmári

J Vet Cardiol 2022 Apr 9;41:227-230. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 108, Utrecht, 3584 CM, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

A 3-month-old, male intact Norwegian forest cat without any clinical signs was referred to the cardiology service of the author's teaching hospital for evaluation of a cardiac murmur. The murmur was systolic with an intensity of 4 out of 6 with the point of maximal intensity at the left heart base. Echocardiography revealed a moderate mitral valve regurgitation and a moderate dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction both resulting from systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (SAM). Read More

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Correlation of Intraprocedural and Follow Up Parameters for Mitral Regurgitation Grading after Percutaneous Edge-to-Edge Repair.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 19;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Cardiology Department, Instituto Cardiovascular, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Background: There is no consensus on the best intraprocedural parameter to evaluate residual mitral regurgitation (MR) after transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral repair (TEER). Thus, our aim was to evaluate the predictive value of different MR parameters from intraprocedural transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) for grading in consecutive transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) during the follow up.

Methods: All the consecutive patients who underwent TEER with MitraClip between 2010 and 2020 in our center were considered. Read More

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