99,973 results match your criteria Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies [Journal]


Comparative Analysis of the Exposure and Surgical Freedom of the Endoscopic Extended Minipterional Craniotomy and the Transorbital Endoscopic Approach to the Anterior and Middle Cranial Fossae.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Numerous minimally invasive approaches to the skull base have been successively developed. Knowledge of the surgical nuances of a specific approach may facilitate approach selection. This study sought to compare the nuances of an extended version of the minipterional craniotomy (EMPT) with those of the transorbital endoscopic approach (TOEA) to the anterior and middle cranial fossae (ACF and MCF, respectively). Read More

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December 2018

Challenges and Demand for Modeling Disorders of Consciousness following Traumatic Brain Injury.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Center for Brain Injury & Repair, Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Center for Neurotrauma, Neurodegeneration & Restoration, Corporal Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:

Following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), many patients experience coma - an unresponsive state lacking wakefulness or awareness. Coma rarely lasts more than two weeks, and emergence involves passing through a state of wakefulness without awareness of self or environment. Patients that linger in these Disorders of Consciousness (DoC) undergo clinical assessments of awareness for diagnosis into Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (no awareness, also called vegetative state) or Minimally Conscious State (periodic increases in awareness). Read More

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December 2018

De-intensified adjuvant (chemo)radiotherapy versus standard adjuvant chemoradiotherapy post transoral minimally invasive surgery for resectable HPV-positive oropharyngeal carcinoma.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 14;12:CD012939. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

ENT Department, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK, CB2 0QQ.

Background: More than 400,000 cases of oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (OPSCC) are diagnosed every year worldwide and this is rising. Much of the increase has been attributed to human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV-positive OPSCC patients are often younger and have significantly improved survival relative to HPV-negative patients. Read More

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December 2018

Technique of Fractionated Transcatheter Arterial Embolization for Treating Large Arteriovenous Malformation in Brain Functional Area.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing.

Objective: At present, large cranial function area arteriovenous malformation (fAVM) is mainly treated by craniotomy with a high risk of operation and high disability. In recent years, with the continuous improvement of the neural intervention technology, fractionated transcatheter arterial embolization (fTAE) may be used to treat the fAVM instead of surgical treatment. However, its effectiveness for treating fAVM has never been explored. Read More

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December 2018

[Assistant cooperation and therapeutic effect analysis in transoral robotic surgery with da Vinci surgical system].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1074-1077

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100029, China.

The purpose of this study was to summarize the therapeutic effect and key points and skills of assistant cooperation in transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with da Vinci surgical system.Forty patients were reviewed who were treated with TORS in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from June 1, 2016 to May 30, 2018. Key points of assistant cooperation, docking time, incidence of transit to open approach, mechanical failure, complications, and negative surgical margin were analyzed. Read More

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[Preliminary experience of transoral robotic surgery in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal tumors with da Vinci surgical system].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1065-1070

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100029, China.

The purpose of this study was to summarize preliminary clinical experience of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal tumors with da Vinci surgical system.Twelve patients were reviewed who were diagnosed with laryngeal (=7) and hypopharyngeal tumors (=5) and treated with TORS in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from July 1, 2016 to January 31, 2018.Ten cases were male and two cases were female. Read More

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[Robot-assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy: our early experience].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1051-1055

Department of Otolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510120, China.

To evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of robot-assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy (RATT). The clinical data of 66 patients undergoing RATT from November 2016 to May 2018 were prospectively collected and analyzed. The average age was (38. Read More

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[Development of robot assisted laryngopharyngeal,head and neck surgery].

Authors:
X M Huang

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(14):1043-1047

Department of Otolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510120, China.

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Minimally invasive triple valve surgery: The Rome approach.

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 4;2018. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantation, S. Camillo Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Although the benefits of minimally invasive cardiac surgery are well recognized, most surgeons have little experience in the treatment of triple valve disease through a minithoracotomy approach. In this video tutorial, we present a case of concomitant aortic valve replacement with mitral and tricuspid valve repair through a lateral minithoracotomy. Read More

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December 2018

Hybrid ablation under intraoperative 3D voltage mapping guidance.

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 10;2018. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation remains a significant therapeutic challenge, often proving to be resistant to treatment with antiarrhythmic medications and transcatheter ablation. Hybrid ablation, which combines a minimally invasive surgical and transcatheter approach, is emerging as a promising treatment option. In this video tutorial, we demonstrate our method of hybrid ablation for long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation using advanced 3D electro-anatomical voltage mapping to guide the ablation process and thereby improve the ultimate effectiveness of the procedure. Read More

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December 2018

HeartMate 3 left ventricular assist device minimally invasive off-pump implantation.

Authors:
Paolo Centofanti

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 4;2018. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

With advancements in mechanical circulatory support technology, and limitations in donor supply for heart transplantation, the use of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) has increased significantly in recent years. Multiple studies have shown that minimally invasive cardiac surgery can improve outcomes, with shorter hospital stays, decreased morbidity, faster recovery and ambulation, and lower total hospital costs. The current generation of centrifugal continuous-flow pumps is miniaturized and makes minimally invasive approaches increasingly practicable. Read More

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December 2018

Thoracoscopic left apical bisegmentectomy.

Authors:
George Rakovich

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Dec 5;2018. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont (University of Montreal) 5415, l'Assomption Montréal, QC, H1T 2M4, Canada.

Minimally invasive pulmonary segmentectomy allows adequate oncologic treatment in selected cases while preserving lung parenchyma and minimizing perioperative morbidity and length of hospital stay. It may also be ideal for removing benign obstructive lesions. Most lung segments may be resected as segmentectomies or as partial bisegmentectomies (as is the case for the lingula). Read More

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December 2018

Could transanal approach be the future treatment of a non-healing colorectal anastomotic leakage?

Colorectal Dis 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Surgical Endoscopy, University "Federico II" of Naples, Via Pansini, 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.

We read with interest the article by Daprì et al, in which two anastomotic leaks after rectal surgery were treated by transanal approach, using a reusable transanal D-port and 5-mm reusable monocurved instruments according to DAPRI (Karl-Storz Endoskope). We describe a case in which we successful performed a transanal repair of an anastomotic leakage after rectal surgery. Even if a prospective trial is needed to prove the safety and feasibility of this technique, according to our results and the previous literature, a transanal minimally invasive approach could be adopted in the management of anastomotic leakage. Read More

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December 2018

Contemporary management of primary parapharyngeal space tumors.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Coordinator of the International Head and Neck Scientific Group.

The parapharyngeal space is a complex anatomical area. Primary parapharyngeal tumors are rare tumors and 80% of them are benign. A variety of tumor types can develop in this location; most common are salivary gland neoplasm and neurogenic tumors. Read More

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December 2018

Safe and easy technique for the laparoscopic application of Seprafilm® in gynecologic surgery.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgery, and the rate of postoperative adhesions is low. Although Seprafilm® helps to reduce adhesions, its application in the abdominal cavity during laparoscopic surgery is difficult because of its material. Therefore, we propose an easy method for applying this adhesion barrier. Read More

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December 2018

Cervical Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Vegetative State: A Preliminary Result of 12 Cases.

Neuromodulation 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objectives: Data on the treatment of the vegetative state (VS) with cervical spinal cord stimulation (cSCS) are limited and prognostic factors are inconclusive. In this study, we present our experience of treating 12 VS patients with cSCS and discuss the prognostic factors.

Methods: Twelve VS patients were enrolled. Read More

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December 2018

Isolated Recovery of Adductor Muscle Function Following Bilateral Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Objectives/hypothesis: The aim of this study was to analyze the phoniatric and respiratory outcomes of a subset of bilateral vocal cord paralysis (BVCP) patients who were all treated with unilateral endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL). EAAL is a nondestructive, minimally invasive glottis widening operation, which does not damage either the surgically treated or the contralateral vocal cord. Therefore, it does not impair the regeneration potential of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Read More

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December 2018

Strategies of Combination Drug Delivery for Immune Checkpoint Blockades.

Adv Healthc Mater 2018 Dec 13:e1801099. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

The past few years have witnessed vast clinical accomplishments of immune checkpoint blockades (ICB), which block the regulatory receptor expressed on immune cells or tumor cells to prevent the suppression of antitumor cytotoxic T-cell responses. Despite this, limitations still exist, such as low objective response rate (ORR) and the risk of immune-related side effects. To address these issues, combination treatment strategies are vastly explored and recommended. Read More

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December 2018

Redo mitral valve surgery following prior mitral valve repair.

J Card Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: The optimal treatment strategy following a failed mitral valve repair remains unclear. This study evaluated early and long-term outcomes of redo mitral valve repair (MVr) and replacement (MVR) after prior mitral valve repair.

Methods: Patients undergoing redo mitral valve surgery after prior mitral valve repair at a single institution between 2002 and 2014 were reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

Targeted Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy for Ectopic Aortopulmonary Adenoma Under Gamma Probe Guidance.

Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):451-454

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center, Cebeci Hospitals, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

We report a case of 53-year-old woman with the parathyroid adenoma (PA) located in the aortopulmonary window with an aberrant right subclavian artery. Her preoperative calcium level was 11.3 mg/dL (reference range = 8. Read More

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December 2018

Minimally Invasive Periareolar Approach to Cor Triatriatum Repair.

Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):445-447

From the Division of Cardiac Surgery.

Cor triatriatum sinister is an uncommon cardiac abnormality characterized by a membrane that divides the left atrium into two chambers. Definitive management requires surgical resection, traditionally through sternotomy. Minimally invasive reparative techniques are associated with reduced blood loss, shorter hospitalization, faster recovery time, and improved cosmesis with excellent patient satisfaction. Read More

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December 2018

Right Mini-Thoracotomy Subaortic Membrane Resection.

Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):428-432

From the Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY USA.

Objective: Subaortic membrane is an anatomical intracardiac anomaly that may cause discrete subaortic stenosis and aortic insufficiency. Patients requiring subaortic membrane resection may benefit from a minimally invasive approach; however, subaortic membranes are typically resected through a median sternotomy. We present our initial clinical experience of adult patients who have undergone a mini-thoracotomy subaortic membrane resection. Read More

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December 2018

A case of osteopetrosis with severe aortic stenosis treated by transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Sep 15;8(3):113-115. Epub 2013 Jul 15.

Department of Cardiology, Sakakibara Heart Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary disease characterized by osteoclast dysfunction and consequently diminished bone resorption and disturbed bone building and remodeling, resulting in abnormally dense and brittle bones. Pathologic fractures are common in patients with osteopetrosis. We report a case of benign adult form of osteopetrosis with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Read More

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September 2013

Surgical repair of isolated anterior mitral leaflet cleft via right minithoracotomy.

J Cardiol Cases 2016 Jun 5;13(6):196-198. Epub 2016 Apr 5.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, Koshigaya, Saitama, Japan.

Isolated anterior mitral leaflet cleft (AMLC) is rare. Several surgical procedures have been described; however, there are few reports which described mitral repair using minimally invasive cardiac surgery for AMLC. We describe successful repair for isolated AMLC via right minithoracotomy. Read More

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Cardiac metastatic melanoma: Imaging diagnostic clues.

J Cardiol Cases 2015 Aug 30;12(2):33-36. Epub 2015 Mar 30.

Cardiology 4, Cardio-thoracic-vascular Department, Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy.

A 47-year-old male was admitted to hospital for severe pericardial effusion; he had undergone surgical removal of cutaneous melanoma 10 years before. Echocardiography-guided pericardiocentesis revealed the presence of intramyocardial masses, which were better defined and characterized, together with pericardial involvement, by cardiac magnetic resonance. Pericardial fluid drained was negative for malignant cells, so video-assisted thoracoscopy was performed and pathologic tissue was biopsied, leading to the diagnosis of metastatic melanoma. Read More

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Laparoscopic transanal minimally invasive surgery (L-TAMIS) versus robotic TAMIS (R-TAMIS): short-term outcomes and costs of a comparative study.

Surg Endosc 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University of Tennessee Medical Center at Knoxville, 1934 Alcoa Highway, Bldg. D, Ste. 370, Knoxville, TN, 37920, USA.

Background: Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) has gained worldwide popularity as a method for the local excision of rectal neoplasms. However, it is technically demanding due to limited working space. Robotic TAMIS offers potential enhanced dexterity and ability while allowing for a more aggressive resection with a stable platform. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy versus microendoscopic discectomy for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation: a meta-analysis.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Spine Surgery Center, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, 87 Dingjiaqiao, Nanjing, 210009, Jiangsu, China.

Purpose: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the clinical outcomes of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and microendoscopic discectomy (MED) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH), and to clarify whether PELD is more superior to MED.

Methods: We performed a comprehensive search in the databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane database, CNKI, and Wanfang Data to acquire all relevant studies up to July 2018. The searched literatures were then screened according to the strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

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December 2018

Rare anatomic variation of the hepatic arterial blood supply: case report and literature review.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of General and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg, 4, rue Ernest Barblé, 1210, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg.

Purpose: Our aim is to present a rare case of anatomic variation of the arterial blood supply to the liver because preoperative knowledge of hepatic vascular variations is mandatory in hepatic surgery and liver transplantation.

Methods: We present a case of unusual arterial blood supply to the liver, a right hepatic artery coming from the splenic artery, associated to a classical common hepatic artery and a left hepatic artery from the left gastric artery. Preoperative diagnosis was made using CT-scan and 3D reconstruction. Read More

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December 2018

Minimally invasive treatment of vascular complications after neoaortoiliac system reconstruction using autologous vein grafts.

J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2018 Dec 4;4(4):283-286. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Treatment of complications after neoaortoiliac system vein reconstruction is a complex clinical problem with poor results. Endovascular treatment might offer an acceptable outcome in selected cases. We report two rare complications after neoaortoiliac system vein reconstruction for an infected aortic graft. Read More

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December 2018

Extreme lateral lumbar interbody fusion (XLIF) in the management of degenerative scoliosis: a retrospective case series.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):610-615

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.

Background: Surgical treatment of adult degenerative scoliosis (DS) always remains a challenge and often necessitates complex multilevel surgery via traditional open approaches. However, the severity of the procedure, in association with the fact that many of these patients are at an advanced age with several comorbidities, results in high rate of complications. Therefore, during the last decade, minimally invasive procedures have gained a place in the treatment of this pathology. Read More

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September 2018

A less invasive surgery using a full-endoscopic system for L5 nerve root compression caused by lumbar foraminal stenosis.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):594-601

Department of Orthopaedics, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is a relatively less invasive treatment for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). This study investigated the usefulness of a full-endoscopic system for PELD to treat L5 nerve root compression caused by lumbar foraminal stenosis (L5-LFS).

Methods: Between November 2016 and December 2017, a total of 10 patients with unilateral leg pain due to L5-LFS underwent surgery using a full-endoscopic system for PELD. Read More

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September 2018
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A comparison of narcotic usage and length of post-operative hospital stay in open versus minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screws.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):516-521

Washington Spine & Scoliosis Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Background: Instrumented lumbar fusion can be accomplished through open or minimally invasive techniques. The focus of this study was to compare perioperative narcotic usage and length of hospital stay between patients undergoing open versus minimally invasive spinal surgery (MISS).

Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 110 patients who underwent instrumented lumbar fusion over 2 years at our institution. Read More

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September 2018
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Contemporary Surgical Management of Deep-Seated Metastatic Brain Tumors Using Minimally Invasive Approaches.

Front Oncol 2018 28;8:558. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, United States.

A subset of metastatic brain tumors occurs in deep-seated locations. Accessing and resecting these lesions can be associated with significant morbidity because it involves large craniotomies, extensive white matter dissection, prolonged retraction, and risk of inadvertent tissue injury. As a result, only palliative treatment options are typically offered for these lesions including observation, needle biopsies, and/or radiation therapy. Read More

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November 2018
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Morbidity in open versus minimally invasive hybrid esophagectomy (MIOMIE): Long-term results of a randomized controlled clinical study.

Eur Surg 2018 7;50(6):249-255. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

1Department of Surgery, Upper-GI-Service Comprehensive Cancer Center, GET-Unit Medical, University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Background: The minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) for esophageal cancer was introduced assuming a reduction of morbidity and operation time. After implementation of MIE at our institution, a randomized controlled trial was designed.

Methods: This is a prospective randomized controlled study comparing open (OE) and laparoscopic gastric tube (MIE) formation in Ivor Lewis esophagectomy. Read More

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Injectable Biomimetic Hydrogels as Tools for Efficient T Cell Expansion and Delivery.

Front Immunol 2018 28;9:2798. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Tumor Immunology, Oncode Institute, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Biomaterial-based scaffolds are promising tools for controlled immunomodulation. They can be applied as three dimensional (3D) culture systems , whereas they may be used to dictate cellular localization and exert spatiotemporal control over cues presented to the immune system. As such, scaffolds can be exploited to enhance the efficacy of cancer immunotherapies such as adoptive T cell transfer, in which localization and persistence of tumor-specific T cells dictates treatment outcome. Read More

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November 2018

Minimally invasive transgingival implant therapy: A literature review.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jul-Dec;9(2):117-122

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Transgingival (flapless) implant placement procedure is a minimally invasive surgical technique in which implant is placed without reflecting mucoperiosteal flap and hence the blood supply of bone is not hampered which is advantageous in many ways. To compare the outcomes of various implant placement techniques, an electronic database of various journals from January 1990 to March 2017 were analyzed and only human clinical trials with 6 months follow-up and at least five implants in each group were reviewed. The present literature review focuses on the comparative aspects of flapped versus flapless implants in terms of their survival, marginal bone loss, soft-tissue parameters, and patient-centered outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

The original Ivor Lewis two stage esophagectomy revisited in the era of minimally invasive surgery.

Am J Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

St. John Hospital & Medical Center, 22101 Moross Rd, Detroit, MI, 48236, USA.

Background: Esophagectomy has high cardiac and pulmonary complication rates that can reach 43% and 58% respectively. The original Ivor Lewis esophagectomy was a two-stage procedure. We revisited this procedure using a hybrid minimally-invasive approach. Read More

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December 2018

Integrating the PILP-mineralization process into a restorative dental treatment.

Dent Mater 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Preventative and Restorative Dental Sciences, UCSF School of Dentistry, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

The addition of charged polymers, like poly-aspartic acid (pAsp), to mineralizing solutions allows for transport of calcium and phosphate ions into the lumen of collagen fibrils and subsequent crystallization of oriented apatite crystals by the so-called Polymer-Induced Liquid Precursor (PILP) mineralization process, leading to the functional recovery of artificial dentin lesions by intrafibrillar mineralization of collagen.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of applying the PILP method as part of a restorative treatment and test for effectiveness to functionally remineralize artificial lesions in dentin.

Materials And Methods: Two methods of providing pAsp to standardized artificial lesions during a restorative procedure were applied: (A) pAsp was mixed into commercial RMGI (resin modified glass ionomer) cement formulations and (B) pAsp was added at high concentration (25mg/ml) in solution to rehydrate lesions before restoring with a RMGI cement. Read More

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December 2018
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The outcomes of transvaginal NOTES hysterectomy in various uterine sizes.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec;57(6):842-845

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objectives: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is an emerging technique in the area of minimally invasive procedures. Preliminary reports have confirmed transvaginal NOTES to be a safe and feasible method for performing hysterectomy and adnexal procedures. However, there are limitations regarding the feasibility of performing transvaginal NOTES hysterectomy in various uterine sizes. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of silymarin, cabergoline and letrozole on rat model of endometriosis.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec;57(6):830-835

Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: Silymarin as an herbal drug has potent antioxidant effects that could make it a good choice for endometriosis therapy. The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of silymarin as an herbal drug on induced endometrial lesion in rat model of endometriosis.

Materials And Methods: A total of 32 mature, female Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated into 4 experimental groups. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

V/Q SPECT-Normal Values for Lobar Function and Comparison With CT Volumes.

Semin Nucl Med 2019 Jan 10;49(1):58-61. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Ventilation and perfusion lung imaging with SPECT/CT permits accurate delineation of the individual lobes of the lungs using the CT images for use in ascribing the relative functional contribution to overall lung function of the lobes of both ventilation and perfusion. Moreover, an advantage of using Technegas as the ventilation agent and radiolabelled macro-aggregated albumin microspheres as the perfusion agent is that the deposition pattern is fixed upon administration and thus different patient postures can be studied and the effect of gravity and position determined, even though the scans must be acquired with the subject supine using conventional gamma camera SPECT/CT systems. In this paper we report on normal ranges for functional contribution of the individual lobes of the lung to overall function studied in the supine and erect positions in a small cohort of normal subjects. Read More

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January 2019
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How to "Get Out of Trouble" During Prostatic Artery Embolization.

Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 Dec 29;21(4):288-294. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; Interventional Radiologist, Vascular Institute of Virginia, Woodbridge, VA.

Prostatic artery embolization can be an extremely challenging procedure often giving the operator the sense of "being in trouble." This feeling can occur during different stages of the procedure including initial identification of the prostatic artery, catheterization of the prostatic artery, and prevention of non-target ischemia via extra-prostatic anastomoses during embolization. This brief guide provides techniques developed from prior experience with these frustrating situations that could potentially help the prostatic artery embolization operator "get out of trouble. Read More

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December 2018

Analysing the use of the Australian Health Star Rating system by level of food processing.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2018 Dec 13;15(1):128. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC, 3125, Australia.

Background: The consumption of ultra-processed foods is associated with diminished dietary quality and adverse health outcomes. The Australian Health Star Rating (HSR) is a nutrient-based front-of-pack (FOP) labelling system that assesses the 'healthiness' of foods on a scale of 0.5 to 5 stars based on their content of 'risk' and 'positive' nutrients. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Pseudomonas graminis CPA-7 as a biopreservation method for fresh-cut pear: Physicochemical, enzymatic, and nutritional quality.

Food Sci Technol Int 2018 Dec 13:1082013218816483. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

1 Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, XaRTA-Postharvest, Lleida, Spain.

Biological preservation methods with bacterial antagonists have emerged as alternatives to chemical sanitizers for extending shelf-life and reducing the population of pathogenic microorganisms. In addition, calcium plays an important role in maintaining the quality of fruit, and postharvest calcium treatments might determine the potential of fruit for processing. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of the postharvest application of calcium and biopreservation with the CPA-7 strain of Pseudomonas graminis on the quality parameters of fresh-cut pears. Read More

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December 2018

Differing Contributions of Classical Risk Factors to Type 2 Diabetes in Multi-Ethnic Malaysian Populations.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, 2308, Australia.

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is escalating rapidly in Asian countries, with the rapid increase likely attributable to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. Recent research suggests that common genetic risk variants contribute minimally to the rapidly rising prevalence. Rather, recent changes in dietary patterns and physical activity may be more important. Read More

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December 2018
2.063 Impact Factor

Minimally invasive surgery for inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the urinary bladder: Three case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13474

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University.

Rationale: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of the urinary bladder (IMTUB) is exceptionally rare. Currently, no standardized treatment has been established for IMTUBs.

Patient Concerns: Herein we report three cases presenting with hematuria and anemia. Read More

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December 2018

Definition of a safe zone for screw fixation of posterior talar process fracture by 3-dimensional technology.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13331

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Ningbo University.

Background: Percutaneous screw fixation can provide stable fixation with a minimally invasive surgical technique for posterior talar process fracture.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the optimal posterior screw placement and the geometry of safe zone for screw insertion in the posterior talar process by analyzing with 3-dimensional (3D) technology.

Methods: 100 adult feet computed tomography (CT) scans were evaluated. Read More

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December 2018

Robot-assisted intravertebral augmentation corrects local kyphosis more effectively than a conventional fluoroscopy-guided technique.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Nov 1:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEIntravertebral augmentation (IVA) is a reliable minimally invasive technique for treating Magerl type A vertebral body fractures. However, poor correction of kyphotic angulation, the risk of cement leakage, and significant exposure to radiation (for the surgeon, the operating room staff, and the patient) remain significant issues. The authors conducted a study to assess the value of robot-assisted IVA (RA-IVA) for thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures. Read More

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November 2018

Neuroendoscopic fenestration of glioependymal cysts to the ventricle: report of 3 cases.

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Glioependymal cysts are rare congenital lesions of the central nervous system. Reported surgical treatments of these lesions have varied and yielded mixed results, and the optimal surgical strategy is still controversial. The authors here report the clinical and surgical outcomes for three adult patients successfully treated with neuroendoscopic fenestration into the ventricular system. Read More

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November 2018

Laminectomy alone versus fusion for grade 1 lumbar spondylolisthesis in 426 patients from the prospective Quality Outcomes Database.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Nov 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEThe AANS launched the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD), a prospective longitudinal registry that includes demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome (PRO) data to measure the safety and quality of spine surgery. Registry data offer "real-world" insights into the utility of spinal fusion and decompression surgery for lumbar spondylolisthesis. Using the QOD, the authors compared the initial 12-month outcome data for patients undergoing fusion and those undergoing laminectomy alone for grade 1 degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Read More

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November 2018
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