65,219 results match your criteria Mind & Brain The Journal of Psychiatry [Journal]


Linguistic conventionality and the role of epistemic reasoning in children's mutual exclusivity inferences.

Cognition 2019 Apr 15;189:193-208. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

University of California, San Diego, United States.

To interpret an interlocutor's use of a novel word (e.g., "give me the papaya"), children typically exclude referents that they already have labels for (like an "apple"), and expect the word to refer to something they do not have a label for (like the papaya). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Patterns of on-task thought in older age are associated with changes in functional connectivity between temporal and prefrontal regions.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 15;132:118-128. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Psychology Department, University of York, York, UK.

Humans spend a large proportion of their time engaged in thoughts unrelated to the task being performed, a tendency that declines with age. However, a clear neuro-cognitive account of what underlies this decrease is lacking. This study addresses the possibility that age-related changes in off-task thinking are correlated with changes in the intrinsic organisation of the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.04.002DOI Listing

How is your mind-set? Proof of concept for the measurement of the level of emotional development.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215474. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Freie Universität Berlin, Fakultät für Erziehungswissenschaft und Psychologie, AB Klinisch-Psychologische Intervention, Berlin, Germany.

Background: In persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities, not only cognitive brain functions, but also socio-emotional processing networks may be impaired. This study aims to validate the Scale of Emotional Development-Short (SED-S) to provide an instrument for the assessment of socio-emotional brain functions.

Method: The SED-S was applied in 160 children aged 0-12 years. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215474PLOS

Frequency of hematologic and solid malignancies in the family history of 50 patients with acute myeloid leukemia - a single center analysis.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215453. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Medicine III, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich-Campus Großhadern, Munich, Germany.

Background And Objective: The revised World Health Organization classification of 2016 for myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia added a section of myeloid neoplasms with germline predisposition. The main objective of our study was to evaluate the frequency of hematologic and solid malignancies in the family history of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by using a systemic pedigree interview. The family history was taken of 50 patients between 24 and 80 years. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215453PLOS

Bifidobacterium longum 1714™ Strain Modulates Brain Activity of Healthy Volunteers During Social Stress.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Objectives: Accumulating evidence indicates that the gut microbiota communicates with the central nervous system, possibly through neural, endocrine, and immune pathways, and influences brain function. B. longum 1714™ has previously been shown to attenuate cortisol output and stress responses in healthy subjects exposed to an acute stressor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000203DOI Listing

A Riemannian geometry approach to reduced and discriminative covariance estimation in Brain Computer Interfaces.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Objective: Spatial covariance matrices are extensively employed as brain activity descriptors in BCI research that, typically, involve the whole array of sensors. Here, we introduce a methodological framework for delineating the subset of sensors, the covariance structure of which offers a reduced, but more powerful, representation of brain's coordination patterns that ultimately leads to reliable mind reading.

Methods: Adopting a Riemannian geometry approach, we turn the problem of sensor selection as a maximization of a functional that is computed over the manifold of symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices and encapsulates class separability in a way that facilitates the search among subsets of different size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2912066DOI Listing
April 2019
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The incorporation of cystine by the soluble carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) is a component of the redox regulatory mechanism in stallion spermatozoa.

Biol Reprod 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Laboratory of Equine Reproduction and Equine Spermatology, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain.

Oxidative stress is considered a major mechanism causing sperm damage during cryopreservation and storage, and underlies male factor infertility. Currently, oxidative stress is no longer believed to be caused only by the overproduction of reactive oxygen species, but rather by the deregulation of redox signaling and control mechanisms. With this concept in mind, here, we describe for the first time the presence of the soluble carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) antiporter, which exchanges extracellular cystine (Cyss) for intracellular glutamate, in stallion spermatozoa, as well as its impact on sperm function using the specific inhibitor sulfasalazine. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/biolreprod/advance-article/doi/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biolre/ioz069DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Visual P300 Mind-Speller Brain-Computer Interfaces: A Walk Through the Recent Developments With Special Focus on Classification Algorithms.

Clin EEG Neurosci 2019 Apr 18:1550059419842753. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

1 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Brain-computer interfaces are sophisticated signal processing systems, which directly operate on neuronal signals to identify specific human intents. These systems can be applied to overcome certain disabilities or to enhance the natural capabilities of human beings. The visual P300 mind-speller is a prominent one among them, which has opened up tremendous possibilities in movement and communication applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1550059419842753DOI Listing

Migrate your mind: the role of palliative care in transcultural cancer treatment : A qualitative analysis.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tulln, Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences, Tulln, Austria.

Background: In increasingly multi-ethnic societies fostering cultural awareness and integration of immigrants is not only a political duty but also an obligation for social and healthcare systems. Importantly, cultural beliefs and needs strongly impact on the quality of life of cancer patients and may become even more crucial at the end of life. However, to date, ethnic and cultural aspects of palliative care are insufficiently researched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-1474-9DOI Listing

Rationally synthesized coumarin based pyrazolines ameliorate carrageenan induced inflammation through COX-2/pro-inflammatory cytokine inhibition.

Medchemcomm 2019 Mar 23;10(3):421-430. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , ISF College of Pharmacy , Moga-142001 , Punjab , India . Email: ; ; Tel: +91 1636 324200.

In the present work, coumarin based pyrazolines () have been synthesized and investigated for their and anti-inflammatory potential. Amongst the synthesized compounds, compounds , and exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity as compared to the standard etoricoxib. Keeping this in mind, investigations were carried out carrageenan induced inflammation and acetic acid induced writhing models in male Wistar rats and compound was found to possess appreciable anti-inflammatory and analgesic potential. Read More

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http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C8MD00457A
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8md00457aDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430084PMC
March 2019
1 Read

[Exogenous lipoid pneumonia induced by long-term usage of compound menthol nasal drops: a case report].

Authors:
M Lu W Yan X Zhu H Zhu

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Apr;51(2):359-361

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

Here we reported a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia from Peking University Third Hospital. A 62-year-old male presented with chronic cough and expectoration for 8 years, without chest pain, hemoptysis or short of breath. He was an ex-smoker. Read More

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A Domain-General Role for the Angular Gyrus in Retrieving Internal Representations of the External World.

J Neurosci 2019 Apr;39(16):2978-2980

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3231-18.2019DOI Listing

Predictive error processing distinguishes between relevant and irrelevant errors after visuomotor learning.

J Vis 2019 Apr;19(4):18

Department of Psychology and Sport Science, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

Error processing is an important aspect of learning. The detection and online correction of an error as well as error-based adaptation of subsequent movements enables humans to improve behavior. For this improvement, it is necessary to differentiate between relevant and irrelevant errors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/19.4.18DOI Listing

Transforaminal epidural steroid injection and infraneural approach.

Agri 2019 Apr;31(2):104-106

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Pain Clinic, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Transforaminal epidural steroid injections are a common intervention in the treatment of radicular pain. Complications are rare, but can be catastrophic. One of the potentially devastating complications is occlusion of the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA). Read More

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http://www.agridergisi.com/jvi.aspx?pdir=agri&plng=eng&a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2017.26097DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Design Principles of p-Type Transparent Conductive Materials.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

State Key Laboratory of Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100083 , China.

Transparent conductive materials (TCMs) has always been playing a significant role in electronic and photovoltaic area, due to its prominent optical and electronic properties. To render those transparent materials highly conductive, efficient n- and p- type doping is critically needed to obtain high concentration of free electron and hole carriers. Despite extensive research over the past five decades, high-quality p-type doping of wide-band-gap transparent materials remains a challenge. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.9b01255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b01255DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The positive impact of physical activity on the reduction of anxiety scores: a pilot study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):434-440. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Professor of the Medical Program of the Metropolitan Institute of Higher Education/IMES - Univaço, Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Objectives: To compare anxiety scores between physical activity practitioners and sedentary, men and women and to relate them to physical activity frequency and age.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a sample of 256 regular aerobic physical activity practitioners was compared to a sample of 256 sedentary individuals (control group). Anxiety scores were quantified by Anxiety Inventory Spielberger State-Trait (STAI). Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.434DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[Treatment of class II for growing patients by clear aligners: which protocol?]

Orthod Fr 2019 Mar 17;90(1):13-27. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Bandol Rivage, 2524 route de Bandol, 83110 Sanary-Sur-Mer, France.

Introduction: Skeletal class II, frequently associated with retromandibular and overjet > 2 mm, lead to functional and aesthetic damage, that orthodontic treatment has to correct. The aim of this article is to describe a treatment protocol by aligners for class II growing patients according to the value of the class II and the maturity state of cervical vertebrae.

Materials And Methods: Through clinical cases, this article will present three different therapeutic approaches depending on the growth state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/orthodfr/2019003DOI Listing

Affective theory of mind in human aging: is there any relation with executive functioning?

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2019 Apr 17:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

c Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Behavioral Neurology and Movement Disorders Unit , Istanbul University , Istanbul , Turkey.

Theory of Mind (ToM) refers to the ability to make inferences on other's mental or emotional states. Although there is evidence suggesting that impaired executive functions due to aging could have a negative impact on cognitive ToM, there is still controversy about the effect of age and age-related executive dysfunctions on affective ToM. To investigate affective ToM in healthy aging and its relationship with executive functions, we examined Reading Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) performance and executive functions among young and older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2019.1602706DOI Listing

Adiposity, Hepatic Triglyceride, and Carotid Intima Media Thickness During Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment in Antipsychotic-Treated Youth: A Randomized Pilot Study.

J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Healthy Mind Lab, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate changes in adiposity, carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), and hepatic fat content measured via magnetic resonance imaging-estimated hepatic proton density fat fraction (PDFF) in antipsychotic (AP)-treated youth versus nonpsychiatric (NP) participants during participation in a 16-week behavioral weight loss (BWL) intervention. Overweight/obese AP-treated youth ( = 26) were randomized 2:1 to weekly treatment versus recommended care (RC) over 16 weeks. NP controls ( = 21) were assigned to weekly treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cap.2018.0120DOI Listing

Role of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in the Mental Health of Preschoolers, Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" research group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Background: Evidence suggests that participation in physical activity may support young people's current and future mental health. Although previous reviews have examined the relationship between physical activity and a range of mental health outcomes in children and adolescents, due to the large increase in published studies there is a need for an update and quantitative synthesis of effects.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of physical activity interventions on mental health outcomes by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis, and to systematically synthesize the observational evidence (both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies) regarding the associations between physical activity and sedentary behavior and mental health in preschoolers (2-5 years of age), children (6-11 years of age) and adolescents (12-18 years of age). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01099-5DOI Listing

The Importance of Temperament for Understanding Early Manifestations of Autism Spectrum Disorder in High-Risk Infants.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

The Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

The present study investigated the relationship between infant temperament characteristics and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk status. Temperament was examined at 6, 12, and 24 months in 282 infants at high familial risk for ASD and 114 low-risk controls using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Infants were divided into three groups at 24 months: High-Risk Positive-classified as ASD (HR Pos), High-Risk Negative (HR Neg), and Low-Risk Negative (LR Neg). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10803-019-04003-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04003-2DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Contextual knowledge provided by a movie biases implicit perception of the protagonist.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, Aalto University, Finland.

We are constantly categorizing other people as belonging to our in-group ("one of us") or out-group ("one of them"). Such grouping occurs fast and automatically and can be based on others' visible characteristics such as skin color or clothing style. Here we studied neural underpinnings of implicit social grouping not often visible on the face, male sexual orientation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz028DOI Listing

The stimulating role of syringic acid, a plant secondary metabolite, in the microbial degradation of structurally-related herbicide, MCPA.

PeerJ 2019 10;7:e6745. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Environmental Toxicology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

The ability of microorganisms to degrade xenobiotics can be exploited to develop cost-effective and eco-friendly bioremediation technologies. Microorganisms can degrade almost all organic pollutants, but this process might be very slow in some cases. A promising way to enhance removal of recalcitrant xenobiotics from the environment lies in the interactions between plant exudates such as plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) and microorganisms. Read More

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https://peerj.com/articles/6745
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462179PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Thinking about what he thinks of what I think: Assessing higher theory of mind abilities in Indian bilingual children between 3.0 and 8.11 years of age.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Mar-Apr;61(2):167-176

Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Context: The competence in theory of mind (ToM) abilities occurs in parallel with the development of language. To gain a deeper discernment about its proficiency, tasks tapping on higher-order ToM abilities have been implemented.

Aims: This study aims to explore the development of higher-order ToM abilities in bilingual Indian children between 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_115_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425799PMC

Role of BDNF in the development of an OFC-amygdala circuit regulating sociability in mouse and human.

Mol Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Social deficits are common in many psychiatric disorders. However, due to inadequate tools for manipulating circuit activity in humans and unspecific paradigms for modeling social behaviors in rodents, our understanding of the molecular and circuit mechanisms mediating social behaviors remains relatively limited. Using human functional neuroimaging and rodent fiber photometry, we identified a mOFC-BLA projection that modulates social approach behavior and influences susceptibility to social anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-019-0422-4DOI Listing

Preferences for aspects of antenatal and newborn screening: a systematic review.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 16;19(1):131. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Manchester Centre for Health Economics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.

Background: Many countries offer screening programmes to unborn and newborn babies (antenatal and newborn screening) to identify those at risk of certain conditions to aid earlier diagnosis and treatment. Technological advances have stimulated the development of screening programmes to include more conditions, subsequently changing the information required and potential benefit-risk trade-offs driving participation. Quantifying preferences for screening programmes can provide programme commissioners with data to understand potential demand, the drivers of this demand, information provision required to support the programmes and the extent to which preferences differ in a population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2278-7DOI Listing

A Suite of Therapeutically-Inspired Nucleic Acid Logic Systems for Conditional Generation of Single-Stranded and Double-Stranded Oligonucleotides.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

RNA Biology Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.

Several varieties of small nucleic acid constructs are able to modulate gene expression via one of a number of different pathways and mechanisms. These constructs can be synthesized, assembled and delivered to cells where they are able to impart regulatory functions, presenting a potential avenue for the development of nucleic acid-based therapeutics. However, distinguishing aberrant cells in need of therapeutic treatment and limiting the activity of deliverable nucleic acid constructs to these specific cells remains a challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano9040615DOI Listing

Evaluating Phthalate Contaminant Migration Using Thermal Desorption⁻Gas Chromatography⁻Mass Spectrometry (TD⁻GC⁻MS).

Polymers (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Consumer & Retail Service Division, SGS Japan Inc., YBP East Tower 12F, 134 Godo-cho, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-0005, Japan.

This study describes a methodology for evaluating regulatory levels of phthalate contamination. By collecting experimental data on short-term phthalate migration using thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC-MS), the migration of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) to polyethylene (PE) was found to be expressed by the Fickian approximation model, which was originally proposed for solid (PVC)/liquid (solvent) migration of phthalates. Consequently, good data correlation was obtained using the Fickian approximation model with a diffusion coefficient of 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym11040683DOI Listing

The neural basis of external responsiveness in prolonged disorders of consciousness.

Neuroimage Clin 2019 Mar 26;22:101791. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

School of Psychology, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom; Centre for Human Brain Health, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the structural integrity of fibre tracts underlying overt motor behaviour in PDOC.

Methods: This cross-sectional study examined 15 PDOC patients and 22 healthy participants. Eight PDOC patients met the criteria for the vegetative state, 5 met the criteria for the minimally conscious state and 2 met the criteria for emerging from the minimally conscious state. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22131582193014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101791DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Assessing Cerebral Metabolism in the Immature Rodent: From Extracts to Real-Time Assessments.

Dev Neurosci 2019 Apr 16:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pediatrics and Brain and Mind Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York, USA,

Brain development is an energy-expensive process. Although glucose is irreplaceable, the developing brain utilizes a variety of substrates such as lactate and the ketone bodies, β-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate, to produce energy and synthesize the structural components necessary for cerebral maturation. When oxygen and nutrient supplies to the brain are restricted, as in neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI), cerebral energy metabolism undergoes alterations in substrate use to preserve the production of adenosine triphosphate. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496921
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496921DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Changes to Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Levels during Short-Term Epileptiform Activity in a Kainic Acid-Induced Rat Model of Status Epilepticus: A Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer Imaging Study.

Brain Res 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

MR Core Laboratory, Asan Medical Center, Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Convergence Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate temporal changes in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signals in the hippocampus during epileptiform activity induced by kainic acid (KA) in a rat model of status epilepticus using chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) imaging technique.

Methods: CEST imaging and H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H MRS) were applied to a systemic KA-induced rat model to compare GABA signals. All data acquisition and analytical procedures were performed at three different time points (before KA injection, and 1 and 3 hours after injection). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Insights of Doping and the Photoluminescence Properties of Mn Doped Perovskite Nanocrystals.

J Phys Chem Lett 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Doping Mn2+ in semiconductor nanocrystals is widely known for the long lifetime Mn d-d orange emission. While this has been extensively studied for chalcogenide nanostructures, recently this was also extended to perovskite nanocrystals. Being CsPbCl3 has wide bandgap, the exciton energy transfer was found more efficient; but the dopant induced photoluminescence was also obtained for layered perovskites and quantum confined CsPbBr3 nanocrystals. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b00182
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b00182DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Yoga as part of a package of care versus non-standard care for schizophrenia.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Apr 16;4:CD012807. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Discipline of Physiotherapy, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Yoga is an ancient body-mind practice which originated in India and is popular in the Western world as a form of relaxation and exercise. It has been of interest for people with schizophrenia to determine the efficacy of yoga delivered as a package of care versus non-standard care.

Objectives: To examine the effects of yoga as part of a package of care versus non-standard care for schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012807.pub2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466669PMC

In a father's mind: paternal reflective functioning, sensitive parenting, and protection against socioeconomic risk.

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Apr 16:1-22. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

e Department of Psychological Science , University of California , Irvine , CA , USA.

This study utilized attachment theory as a framework for understanding how fathers' reflective functioning (RF) and social emotional (SE) and autonomy (AU) supportive behaviors relate to children's emotion regulation (ER) beyond effects of mothers' RF. Moreover, the study explored how fathers' RF may be a protective factor against risks associated with low income. Fathers (n = 77) and their toddlers participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1582596DOI Listing

Effectiveness of a psychological intervention focused on stress management for women prior to IVF.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2019 Apr 16:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

c Department of Experimental Psychology , Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada , Granada , Spain.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a psychological intervention focused on stress management in women who are candidates for in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

Method: Pre-post study with two groups (n = 26). The psychological intervention group (IG) received a 90-minute session that included psychoeducation, relaxation training and coping skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2019.1601170DOI Listing

The human risks of bias in medical and rehabilitation research and practice: the 8 I's.

Authors:
Antti Malmivaara

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Centre for Health and Social Economics, National Institute for Health and Welfare Mannerheimintie, Helsinki, Finland -

Background: The human mind is liable to make biased interpretations. The biomedical paradigm supposes that an objective truth can be reached with rigorous scientific methods. Human risk of bias is defined in this paper as threats to validity of study results that cannot be controlled even by rigorous scientific methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S1973-9087.19.05807-6DOI Listing

[Research on protection mode of Dao-di herbs-taking the protection mode of geographical indications as an example].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Feb;44(3):619-623

National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Beijing 100700, China.

Dao-di herbs have been synonymous with quality medicinal herbs in our mind hearts since ancient times and are the essence of Chinese medicine culture. The development of genuine regional herbs faces problems such as insufficient supply of local resources and lack of competitive advantages. It is necessary to seek a suitable model to protect and develop authentic medicinal materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20181204.001DOI Listing
February 2019

[Fangji Dihuang Decoction formula syndrome and Fengyin Decoction formula syndrome:application in stroke and mental disorders].

Authors:
Xing-Jiang Xiong

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Feb;44(3):602-607

Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Beijing 100053, China.

Fangji Dihuang Decoction and Fengyin Decoction, which were firstly recorded in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber, could be used to treat stroke. However, both of these two decoctions are used infrequently. There is a clear pathogenesis of modern pathophysiology behind Fangji Dihuang Decoction syndrome and Fengyin Decoction syndrome, which can be interpreted by modern language of science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20181128.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Mental imagery training for treatment of central neuropathic pain: a narrative review.

Acta Neurol Belg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Amity Institute of Neuropsychology and Neurosciences (AINN), Amity University UP, Room No. 222A, J1 Block, Sector 125, Noida, 201303, India.

Mental imagery is a quasi-perceptual experience in the absence of external stimuli. This concept has intrigued psychologists, sportspersons, neurologists and other scientists for over a decade now. Imagery has been used in rehabilitation and the results have been promising. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13760-019-01139-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13760-019-01139-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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Retrospective Brain Motion Correction in Glutamate Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer (GluCEST) MRI.

Mol Imaging Biol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

MR Core Laboratory, Convergence Medicine Research Center, Asan Medical Center, Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of motion correction in glutamate chemical exchange saturation transfer (GluCEST) imaging, using a rat model of epileptic seizure.

Procedures: Epileptic seizure was induced in six male Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of kainic acid (KA). CEST data were obtained using a 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11307-019-01352-3DOI Listing

Development and effectiveness of virtual interactive working memory training for older people with mild cognitive impairment: a single-blind randomised controlled trial.

Age Ageing 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: memory training is a potential intervention for retaining memory and reducing dementia risk in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Objective: this study examined the effect of virtual interactive working memory training (VIMT) in older adults with MCI.

Design: single-blind, two-arm parallel-group, randomised controlled design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afz029DOI Listing

Giant Congenital Sialolipoma of Parotid Gland with Parapharyngeal Extension.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar;31(103):119-122

Department of Pathology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Sialolipoma is an extremely rare salivary gland tumor characterized by a well circumscribed mass composed of glandular tissue and mature adipose elements. Herein our aim was to present the fifth case of congenital sialolipoma, which was firstly followed up as a parotid gland hemangioma, and underline the fact that sialolipomas should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of congenital parotid gland masses.

Case Report: A 10-month old male presented with a left-sided huge neck mass which progressed after birth. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449526PMC

Rare Mesenchymal Breast Entities that Mimic Malignancy: A Single-institution Experience of a Challenging Diagnosis.

Cureus 2019 Feb 3;11(2):e4000. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA.

Background Benign mesenchymal tumors of the breast are rare and may mimic invasive carcinoma on imaging and morphology, thus becoming clinically challenging for clinicians, radiologists, and pathologists. To improve the understanding of these lesions and to avoid erroneous diagnosis and inappropriate treatment, we report our institution's experience with seven cases of granular cell tumor (GCT) and myofibroblastoma (MFB) in the past 10 years. Materials and methods Seven cases of benign mesenchymal tumors of the breast were identified at the University of Texas Medical Branch from 2008 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445563PMC
February 2019
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Regimes of Expectations: An Active Inference Model of Social Conformity and Human Decision Making.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:679. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Neuroimaging, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

How do humans come to acquire shared expectations about how they ought to behave in distinct normalized social settings? This paper offers a normative framework to answer this question. We introduce the computational construct of 'deontic value' - based on active inference and Markov decision processes - to formalize conceptions of social conformity and human decision-making. Deontic value is an attribute of choices, behaviors, or action sequences that inherit directly from deontic cues in our econiche (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452780PMC

Effects of Childhood Maltreatment on Social Cognition and Brain Functional Connectivity in Borderline Personality Disorder Patients.

Front Psychiatry 2019 29;10:156. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Laboratorio de Neurofisiología Integrativa, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Mexico City, Mexico.

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of impulsivity, affective instability, and difficulty to establish and manage interpersonal relationships. However, little is known about its etiology and neurobiological substrates. In our study, we wanted to investigate the influence of child abuse in the psychopathology of BPD by means of social cognitive paradigms [the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC) and the reading the mind in the eyes test (RMET)], and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452291PMC

Immune Thrombocytopenia is Still the Commonest Diagnosis on Consultative Hematology.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2019 Apr 13;35(2):352-356. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

1Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, 160012 India.

Thrombocytopenia is often a source of concern for physicians and patients alike and is one of the commonest reasons for a hematology consultation. Through this study, we wish to ascertain the different etiologies which should be kept in mind by a hematologist when a consultation for thrombocytopenia is sought. We assessed the etiology & clinical features of thrombocytopenia seen on consultative hematology calls for patients admitted in the general ward of a tertiary care hospital. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12288-018-1045-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-018-1045-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439238PMC
April 2019
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Diverse motives for human curiosity.

Nat Hum Behav 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

The Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Curiosity-our desire to know-is a fundamental drive in human behaviour, but its mechanisms are poorly understood. A classical question concerns the curiosity motives. What drives individuals to become curious about some but not other sources of information? Here we show that curiosity about probabilistic events depends on multiple aspects of the distribution of these events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0589-3DOI Listing

[Diabetes Mellitus and Dementia].

Authors:
Hiroyuki Umegaki

Brain Nerve 2019 Apr;71(4):409-414

Community Healthcare and Geriatrics, Medicine in Growth and Aging, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine.

Accumulating data have established that diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for dementia of both Alzheimer's and vascular types. However, the underlying mechanism of DM-induced neurodegeneration remains to be fully elucidated. Insulin resistance (IR) in the brain may be involved in DM-related cognitive impairment or dementia, and treatment of IR in the brain may lead to the prevention and/or treatment of dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416201286DOI Listing
April 2019
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EEG Frontal Alpha Asymmetry and Dream Affect: Alpha Oscillations Over the Right Frontal Cortex During REM Sleep and Pre-Sleep Wakefulness Predict Anger in REM Sleep Dreams.

J Neurosci 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology and Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland.

Affective experiences are central not only to our waking life but also to rapid eye movement (REM) sleep dreams. Despite our increasing understanding of the neural correlates of dreaming, we know little about the neural correlates of dream affect. Frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA) is considered a marker of affective states and traits as well as affect regulation in the waking state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2884-18.2019DOI Listing