1,284 results match your criteria Milia

Ammonium recovery from agro-industrial digestate using bioelectrochemical systems.

Water Sci Technol 2022 Apr;85(8):2432-2441

National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering (IGAG), Via Marengo 2, 09123, Cagliari, Italy.

Growing food and biomass production at the global scale has determined a corresponding increase in the demand for and use of nutrients. In this study, the possibility of recovering nitrogen from agro-industrial digestate using bioelectrochemical systems was investigated: two microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) were fed with synthetic and real digestate (2.5 gNH-N L). Read More

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Biofabricated platinum nanoparticles: therapeutic evaluation as a potential nanodrug against breast cancer cells and drug-resistant bacteria.

RSC Adv 2021 Jul 16;11(40):24900-24916. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Chemistry, School of Chemical and Life Sciences Jamia Hamdard New Delhi-110062 India

Use of plant extracts for the synthesis of various metal nanoparticles has gained much importance recently because it is a simple, less hazardous, conservative and cost-effective method. In this research work, platinum nanoparticles were synthesized by treating platinum ions with the leaf extract of and their structural properties were studied using various characterization techniques. The formation of platinum nanoparticles was confirmed by the disappearance of the absorbance peak at 261 nm in UV-visible spectra. Read More

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Poor sleep quality may contribute to dysfunctional illness perception, physical and emotional distress in hospitalised patients: results of a national survey of the Italian Society of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry.

J Sleep Res 2022 Apr 22:e13617. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Distress associated with physical illness is a well-known risk factor for adverse illness course in general hospitals. Understanding the factors contributing to it should be a priority and among them dysfunctional illness perception and poor sleep quality may contribute to it. As poor sleep quality is recognised as a major risk factor for health problems, we aimed to study its association with illness perception and levels of distress during hospitalisation. Read More

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Oral-Facial-Digital Syndrome Type 1: A Case Report and Review.

Ann Dermatol 2022 Apr 24;34(2):132-135. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Dermatology, Hanyang University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFD1), first described by Papillon-Léage in 1954, is transmitted as an X-linked dominant condition and is characterized by a combination of malformations in the face, oral cavity, and digits. Malformations of the brain and polycystic kidney disease are also commonly associated with OFD1. An 11-month-old female presented with multiple tiny whitish papules on her face that had been present since birth. Read More

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Influence of vehicle for calcium hydroxide on postoperative pain: a scoping review.

J Dent Anesth Pain Med 2022 Apr 25;22(2):75-86. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India.

This review aims to identify the influence of the vehicle and its concentration used to carry calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)) medicament on postoperative pain. The protocol for this review was registered in the open science framework (Registration DOI-10.17605/OSF. Read More

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Natural Compounds Inhibit SARS-CoV-2 nsp13 Unwinding and ATPase Enzyme Activities.

ACS Pharmacol Transl Sci 2022 Apr 1;5(4):226-239. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Dipartimento di Scienze della vita e dell'ambiente, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria di Monserrato, SS-554, 09042 Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy.

SARS-CoV-2 infection is still spreading worldwide, and new antiviral therapies are an urgent need to complement the approved vaccine preparations. SARS-CoV-2 nps13 helicase is a validated drug target participating in the viral replication complex and possessing two associated activities: RNA unwinding and 5'-triphosphatase. In the search of SARS-CoV-2 direct antiviral agents, we established biochemical assays for both SARS-CoV-2 nps13-associated enzyme activities and screened both and a small in-house library of natural compounds. Read More

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Clinical Perception and Treatment Options for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) in Italy.

Front Psychiatry 2022 1;13:843088. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi ONLUS, Milan, Italy.

Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) have a high prevalence, and their presence is associated with a severe impact in terms of social costs. However, dedicated clinical tools or biomarkers to detect these symptoms are lacking. Thus, BPSD management in clinical settings is challenging. Read More

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Ungual seborrheic keratosis with longitudinal melanonychia: A case report.

J Dermatol 2022 Apr 15. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

In this paper, we report the case of a 71-year-old man with an 8-year history of melanonychia on the right little finger, who referred to our hospital because the color of pigmented area had gradually darkened and the width had expanded. Physical examination revealed longitudinal melanonychia with brown color (4 mm in width). Dermoscopic examination revealed multiple white round clods and splinter hemorrhages. Read More

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Multivariate tools to investigate the spatial contaminant distribution in a highly anthropized area (Gulf of Naples, Italy).

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Apr 9. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Institute of Marine Sciences, National Research Council, Naples, Italy.

The Gulf of Naples located in a high anthropized coastal area is subjected to an infrastructural intervention for the installation of a submarine power pipeline. In order to evaluate the distribution of contaminants in the seafloor sediments, a preliminary study has been conducted in the area using multivariate techniques. The statistic approach was performed to gain insights on the occurrence of organic and inorganic contaminants within the area, aiming to identify the relevant hot spots. Read More

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Prevalence and features of delirium in older patients admitted to rehabilitation facilities: a multicenter study.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2022 Apr 8. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy.

Background: Delirium is thought to be common across various settings of care; however, still little research has been conducted in rehabilitation.

Aim: We investigated the prevalence of delirium, its features and motor subtypes in older patients admitted to rehabilitation facilities during the three editions of the "Delirium Day project".

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which 1237 older patients (age ≥ 65 years old) admitted to 50 Italian rehabilitation wards during the three editions of the "Delirium Day project" (2015 to 2017) were included. Read More

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Phylogeography and genomic epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 in Italy and Europe with newly characterized Italian genomes between February-June 2020.

Sci Rep 2022 Apr 6;12(1):5736. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Infectious Diseases Unit, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

The aims of this study were to characterize new SARS-CoV-2 genomes sampled all over Italy and to reconstruct the origin and the evolutionary dynamics in Italy and Europe between February and June 2020. The cluster analysis showed only small clusters including < 80 Italian isolates, while most of the Italian strains were intermixed in the whole tree. Pure Italian clusters were observed mainly after the lockdown and distancing measures were adopted. Read More

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Between a rock and a hard place: management of systemic lupus erythematosus and porphyria cutanea tarda.

J Dermatolog Treat 2022 Apr 6:1-3. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Orlando Dermatology, Graduate Medical Education Consortium, Kansas City University, Orlando, FL, USA.

Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT), the most common porphyria, is a rare photodermatosis characterized by fragile, hemorrhagic bullae and erosions with associated milia, hyperpigmentation, and hypertrichosis. SLE is a systemic connective tissue disease with approximately 80% of those affected manifesting cutaneous findings. These include malar and discoid rashes, photosensitivity, bullae, oral ulcerations, as well as a variety of other nonspecific findings. Read More

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Dermoscopic features of nevoid melanoma: a retrospective study with systematic literature review.

Ital J Dermatol Venerol 2022 Mar 11. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Section of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Introduction: Nevoid melanoma (NeM) is a rare variant of melanoma resembling melanocytic nevus. The objective of the study is to systematically review the dermoscopic features of NeM.

Evidence Acquisition: A hospital-based retrospective study was conducted. Read More

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Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS): guideline for differential diagnosis and management.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2022 Mar;23(1):73-78

Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.

Aim: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a painful and common ulcerative form that can pose a diagnostic challenge. In fact, similar oral ulcers can appear secondary to a variety of well-defined pathological conditions. Thus, the purpose of this work was to update the current knowledge about RAS METHODS: A narrative review is presented aiming to clarify the extensive differential diagnosis of RAS and its management. Read More

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Fast and reliable real life data on COVID-19 triaging with ID NOW.

J Clin Virol Plus 2022 Feb 15;2(1):100065. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Laboratory of Microbiology and Virology, Amedeo di Savoia Hospital, ASL Città di Torino, Corso Svizzera, 164, Torino 10149, Italy.

In the context of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, rapid and easy-to-perform diagnostic methods are essential to limit the spread of the virus and for the clinical management of COVID-19 patients. Although real-time polymerase chain reaction remains the "gold standard" to diagnose acute infections, this technique is expensive, requires trained personnel, well-equipped laboratory and is time-consuming. A prospective evaluation of the Abbott ID NOW COVID-19 point-of-care testing that uses isothermal nucleic acid amplification for the qualitative detection of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene was run in the Emergency Department during the third wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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February 2022

Milia en Plaque of the Earlobe.

Maedica (Bucur) 2021 Dec;16(4):747-749

Department of Pathology, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania.

Milia en plaque is an uncommon benign dermatosis. We present a case of a 43-year-old Caucasian man with a five-month history of asymptomatic symmetric lesions on the earlobes that has been previously treated by self-medication with potent topical steroids, emollients, cosmetic procedures, herbal medication and punch-procedure. Based on clinical examination, a diagnosis of milia on earlobes was established and treated with topical steroids. Read More

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December 2021

Management of intracardiac bullet embolisation and review of literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Mar 8;15(3). Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma/Acute Care Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, USA

Vascular injury is a common complication in firearm injuries; however, intravascular missile embolism is relatively rare. There are only 38 documented cases of intravascular missile embolisation to the heart. Bullet embolisms are difficult to diagnose even with multiple diagnostic modalities and even once identified, the most optimal choice of surgical management is debated. Read More

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Experiences and perspectives of women who have committed neonaticide, infanticide and filicide: A systematic review and qualitative evidence synthesis.

J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2022 Mar 7. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Faculty of Education and Health Science, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: The phenomenon of child killing (neonaticide, infanticide or filicide) is a rare event that cannot be fully explained by a single construct as each case involves the unique life circumstances of each woman who committed the act(s). WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: The majority of women who committed neonaticide, infanticide or filicide regretted the act and regretted not seeking help from family and healthcare professionals. Women who committed neonaticide, infanticide or filicide in the main had complex circumstances characterised by poverty, abusive relationships, poor family and social support or over reliance on family supports and mental health issues. Read More

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Localized Blistering Eruption of the Face and Neck - A Case Study and Differential Considerations.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2022 19;15:271-281. Epub 2022 Feb 19.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Pediatric Dermatology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

We describe a 36-year-old woman with erythematous lesions and well-tense blisters confined to the face and neck of two months history, without mucosal involvement and no triggering factors. A lesional skin biopsy showed a subepidermal blister. Direct immunofluorescence of peribullous skin identified linear deposits of IgG, IgA, and C3 complement along the basement membrane zone, whereas indirect immunofluorescence was negative. Read More

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February 2022

Lost in Follow-Up: Predictors of Patient No-Shows to Clinic Follow-Up After Abdominal Injury.

J Surg Res 2022 07 23;275:10-15. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate risk factors for non-attendance to post-discharge, hospital follow-up appointments for traumatically injured patients who underwent exploratory laparotomy.

Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent exploratory laparotomy for traumatic abdominal injury at an urban, Midwestern, level I trauma center with clinic follow-up scheduled after discharge. Clinically, relevant demographic characteristics, patients' distance from hospital, and the presence of staples, sutures, and drains requiring removal were collected. Read More

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Anesthetic efficacy of supplemental intraligamentary injection in human mandibular teeth with irreversible pulpitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Dent Anesth Pain Med 2022 Feb 24;22(1):1-10. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Manav Racha Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India.

Background: Inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) is known to have a lower success rate for anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis. This calls for supplementary techniques to effectively anesthetize such patients. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the published literature for determining the success rate of anesthesia induction using post-IANB intraligamentary (IL) injection in the mandibular teeth of patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Read More

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February 2022

Influence of Different Light Sources on the Biochemical Composition of spp. Grown in Model Systems.

Foods 2022 Jan 29;11(3). Epub 2022 Jan 29.

Food Toxicology Unit, Department of Life and Environmental Science, University of Cagliari, University Campus of Monserrato, SS 554, 09042 Cagliari, Italy.

and are prokaryotic microalgae commercially marketed as spirulina. The pigments extracted from these algae are widely used for cosmetic and nutraceutical applications. This work aimed to evaluate the influence of three light-emitting lamps (white, orange and blue) on the growth and biomass composition of two strains of (M2 and M2M) and one of . Read More

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January 2022

Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Tattoo: A Man With a Tattoo-Associated Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Review of Benign Tumors, Lymphoid Conditions, and Malignant Neoplasms Occurring Within a Tattoo.

Philip R Cohen

Cureus 2022 Jan 10;14(1):e21083. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Dermatology, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, USA.

Tattoos, a common form of body adornment, have been associated with numerous cutaneous complications. These include not only benign neoplasms and malignant tumors but also lymphoid conditions occurring within the tattoo. Tattoo-associated dermatomyofibroma, epidermoid inclusion cyst, hemangioma, lipoma, milia, and pilomatricoma are benign lesions that have each only been described in one individual. Read More

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January 2022

The 35-mm Rule to Guide Pneumothorax Management: Increases Appropriate Observation and Decreases Unnecessary Chest Tubes.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2022 Feb 4. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Introduction: Axial imaging has allowed for more precise measurement and, in-turn, more objective guidelines related to the management of traumatic pneumothoraces (PTXs) In 2017, our trauma center used a guideline to observe any PTX ≤ 35 mm in stable patients. We hypothesize that this guideline would decrease unnecessary chest tubes without affecting failure rates.

Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective review of all adult trauma patients who had a PTX diagnosed on computed tomography (CT) before (2015-2016) and after (2018-2019) guideline implementation. Read More

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February 2022

Splenic artery aneurysm in obstetrical patients: A series of four cases with different clinical presentation and outcome.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2022 Feb 5. Epub 2022 Feb 5.

Department of Obstetrics, MBBM Foundation at San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy.

Objective: To describe four consecutive cases of splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) with different clinical patterns of presentation among obstetrical patients.

Methods: A series of four cases of SAA diagnosed in pregnant or postpartum women at our University center between January 1998 and December 2020. Clinical and radiologic data were retrospectively obtained by reviewing paper and electronic medical records after acquiring patient's consent. Read More

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February 2022

Sustaining Protein Nutrition Through Plant-Based Foods.

Front Nutr 2021 18;8:772573. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa, New Delhi, India.

Proteins are essential components of the human diet. Dietary proteins could be derived from animals and plants. Animal protein, although higher in demand, is generally considered less environmentally sustainable. Read More

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January 2022

In Vitro Effect of Instrumentation Using Ultrasonication with and without Hydrogen Peroxide on the Removal of Biofilms and Spread of Viable Microorganisms in Aerosols.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2022 Jan;20(1):11-17

Purpose: To evaluate the use of hydrogen peroxide as an adjunct to ultrasonication (US) in biofilm removal and whether it can limit the spread of viable microorganisms in the aerosol.

Materials And Methods: Multi-species biofilms were formed on dentin disks and titanium disks fixed on a plastic surface. After placing the specimens in a periodontal pocket model, an ultrasonic scaler was applied for 30 s, in part combined with 0. Read More

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January 2022

Brunsting-Perry pemphigoid: a systematic review.

Int J Dermatol 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Dermatology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Background: Brunsting-Perry pemphigoid (BPP) is a rare, autoimmune bullous skin disorder classified within the spectrum of mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP).

Materials And Methods: An a priori protocol was designed based on PRISMA guidelines. PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for English-language articles concerning BPP published between 1950 and July 2021. Read More

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January 2022