49,348 results match your criteria Midwifery [Journal]


Loneliness and social isolation of military veterans: systematic narrative review.

Occup Med (Lond) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, Northern Hub for Veterans and Military Families' Research, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.

Background: Loneliness and social isolation are being increasingly recognized as influencing both physical and mental health. There is limited research carried out with military veterans and, to date, there is no review of existing evidence.

Aims: To synthesize and examine the evidence exploring aspects of social isolation and loneliness of military veterans, using a systematic narrative review strategy. Read More

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December 2018

The antecedents of loneliness in older people with an intellectual disability.

Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 11;85:116-130. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Introduction: The cognitive discrepancy approach to loneliness is often used to describe loneliness in ageing populations, but to date, it has never been used to explore loneliness in older people with an intellectual disability. An analysis is needed utilising a refined list of causes of loneliness in this population.

Method: Using data from a nationally representative dataset of people aged over 40 with an intellectual disability (N = 708), this analysis runs repeated regressions of variables grouped into conceptual blocks, organised from sociodemographic to network quality. Read More

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December 2018

National survey: Developing a common approach to grading of practice in pre-registration midwifery.

Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Nov 26;34:150-160. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

University College London, Gower St, Bloomsbury, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This paper presents the final phase of a national project exploring grading of practice in programmes leading to registration as a midwife in the United Kingdom. The aim was to develop a generic framework for grading practice, enhancing standardisation while enabling flexibility in application of current and new educational standards. A mixed method on-line survey considered existing practice assessment tools, factors contributing to robust and reliable assessment and perceptions of two assessment tools developed by the research team: a 'Lexicon Framework' and 'Rubric', which were tested through scenarios. Read More

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November 2018

Effect of education using the virtual social network on the knowledge and attitude of emergency nurses of disaster preparedness: A quasi-experiment study.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 6;73:88-93. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Nurses play an important role in helping people to cope with disasters. Dealing with disasters requires proper knowledge, attitudes and skills that can be achieved through education. Education through virtual social networks as a method of distance education can be used due to its accessibility and ease of use. Read More

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December 2018

Magnitude and correlates of postnatal care utilization among reproductive aged women in a rural district in eastern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study.

Midwifery 2018 Dec 4;70:22-30. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Postnatal care is critical to detect and manage postpartum complications in the early stages as well as to prevent potentially life-threatening health conditions that lead to maternal death. However, postnatal care utilization is persistently low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study is to assess the magnitude and correlates of postnatal care utilization among reproductiveaged women in Kersa district, in eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018

Black and Minority Ethnic women's decision-making for risk reduction strategies after BRCA testing: Use of context and knowledge.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

King's College London, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, London, United Kingdom; Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Within the field of breast cancer care, women concerned about their family history are offered genetic testing and subsequent treatment options based on several factors which include but are not limited to personal and family cancer disease histories and clinical guidelines. Discussions around decision-making in genetics in Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups are rarely documented in literature, and information regarding interactions with genetics services is usually discussed and linked to lack of scientific knowledge. As such, counselling sessions based only on scientific and medical information miss out the many reasons participants consider in making health decisions, information which can be used to encourage BME women to engage in cancer genetics services. Read More

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December 2018

The ego has landed! What can be done about research misconduct, scandals and spins?

Am J Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Vice-President Research Office, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Tokenism or true partnership: Parental involvement in a child's acute pain care.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

University of Huddersfield.

Aims: To explore parental involvement in the child's acute pain care and establish ways in which parental preferences for involvement in their child's care can be identified, facilitated and enhanced by nurses.

Background: Despite growing evidence supporting effective acute pain management in children and the availability of national and international practice guidelines, children still experience acute pain. Involving parents in their child's pain care has been identified as being a central tenet of pain management in children. Read More

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December 2018

PROTECT - Trial: A cluster RCT to study the effectiveness of a repositioning aid and tailored repositioning to increase repositioning compliance.

J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Skin Integrity Research Group (SKINT), University Centre for Nursing and Midwifery, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Aim: To study the effectiveness of tailored repositioning and a turning and repositioning system on: (1) nurses' compliance to repositioning frequencies; (2) body posture of patients after repositioning; (3) incidence of pressure ulcers and incontinence-associated dermatitis; (4) nurses' and patients' preferences, comfort and acceptability; and (5) budget impact.

Background: Patient-tailored systematic repositioning is key in pressure ulcer prevention. To date, a clinical decision-making tool is lacking and compliance to pressure ulcer prevention guidelines is low. Read More

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December 2018

A cross-sectional survey of patients with open surgical wounds in Slovenia.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Most surgical wounds heal by primary intention, that is, the wound is closed with sutures, clips, or glue. However, some surgical wounds are either left open to heal from the bottom up ("healing by secondary intention") or break open partially or fully after primary closure. There is little basic knowledge about the occurrence and natural history of surgical wounds healing by secondary intention (SWHSI); therefore, the aim of this survey was to estimate the number of people with SWHSI in Slovenia, the nature of these wounds, and to investigate how they are managed. Read More

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December 2018

A meta-synthesis of how parents of children with autism describe their experience of advocating for their children during the process of diagnosis.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

The diagnostic process for children with autism can be complex for parents to navigate as they advocate for their child in order to obtain answers to their concerns, and receive the subsequent support they need. Gaining an understanding of parents' experiences during this process, will assist service providers in supporting families adequately. This systematic review was undertaken to consolidate in-depth qualitative data from parents of their experience of advocating for their child with autism, during the process of diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Excessive Gestational Weight Gain.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with an increasing incidence of maternal and neonatal complications, including hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, fetal macrosomia, and increased cesarean birth rates. In the United States, it is recommended that health care providers use an individualized approach to counsel a woman about pregnancy weight gain goals that is based on the woman's initial body mass index (BMI) and to track GWG throughout the pregnancy by evaluating maternal weight at each visit. Studies have shown that women entering pregnancy with a higher BMI are at increased risk for excessive GWG and postpartum weight retention. Read More

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December 2018

Doulas in the Operating Room: An Innovative Approach to Supporting Skin-to-Skin Care During Cesarean Birth.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Introduction: Skin-to-skin care (SSC) immediately after birth is recommended for all women and their newborns. Barriers to SSC after cesarean birth lead to delays in initiation of this practice. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to implement an innovative approach with volunteer doulas to support initiation of SSC after cesarean for all clients. Read More

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December 2018

Contraceptive Use Among Women with Prediabetes and Diabetes in a US National Sample.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Introduction: Although elevated blood glucose is associated with adverse maternal and fetal health outcomes, evidence suggests that women with diabetes may not be receiving comprehensive reproductive health care, including family planning and preconception care. Using a population-based sample, we evaluated the relationship between contraceptive use and biomarker-identified diabetes.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from 5548 women in the nationally representative National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) from 2007 to 2009. Read More

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December 2018

The future in their hands: Graduating student midwives' plans, job satisfaction and the desire to work in midwifery continuity of care.

Women Birth 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Australia; Centenary Hospital for Women and Children, ACT, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Midwife-led continuity of care models benefit women and the midwives who work in them. Australian graduate midwives are familiar with, and educated to provide, continuity of care to women although the opportunity to work exclusively in positions providing continuity of care on graduation is uncommon.

Aim: To explore the immediate and aspirational employment plans and workforce choices, reasons for staying in midwifery and perceptions around factors likely to influence job satisfaction of midwives about to graduate from one Australian university during the years 2012-2016. Read More

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December 2018

Postpartum flare up of systemic lupus erythematosus: Pulmonary diffused alveolar hemorrhage.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec;57(6):906-907

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Effect of Ginger and Novafen on menstrual pain: A cross-over trial.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec;57(6):806-809

Department of Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Objective: Menstrual pain is a periodic pain which happens during the days of menses. The menstrual disturbances as a health problem among young girls affect not only reproductive, but also psychical health and quality of life. This study was done with the goal of comparing the effect of Ginger and Novafen on the menstrual pain. Read More

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December 2018

Interventions for behaviour change and self-management in stroke secondary prevention: protocol for an overview of reviews.

Syst Rev 2018 Dec 13;7(1):231. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.

Background: Stroke secondary prevention guidelines recommend medication prescription and adherence, active education and behavioural counselling regarding lifestyle risk factors. To impact on recurrent vascular events, positive behaviour/s must be adopted and sustained as a lifestyle choice, requiring theoretically informed behaviour change and self-management interventions. A growing number of systematic reviews have addressed complex interventions in stroke secondary prevention. Read More

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December 2018

Stronger together: midwifery twinning between Tanzania and Canada.

Global Health 2018 12 13;14(1):123. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Fondation Sanofi Espoir, 262, Boulevard Saint Germain, 75007, PARIS, France.

This article describes a twinning relationship between the Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM) and the Tanzania Midwives Association (TAMA). It argues that the twinning relationship strengthened both associations. The article briefly reviews the existing literature on professional associations and association strengthening to demonstrate that professional associations are a vital tool for improving the performance of healthcare workers and increasing their capacity to contribute to national and international policy-making. Read More

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December 2018

Magnitude of fetal macrosomia and its associated factors at public health institutions of Hawassa city, southern Ethiopia.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Dec 13;11(1):888. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the magnitude of fetal macrosomia and associated factors at public health institutions of Hawassa city, southern Ethiopia.

Results: In this study, the magnitude of fetal macrosomia found to be 11.86%. Read More

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December 2018
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Irish general practitioners' view of perinatal mental health in general practice: a qualitative study.

BMC Fam Pract 2018 Dec 13;19(1):196. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Allied Health, Faculty of Education & Health Sciences, Health Sciences Building, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Background: Identification of perinatal mental health problems and effective care for women who experience them are important considering the potentially serious impact that they may have on the wellbeing of the woman, her baby, family and wider society. General practitioners (GPs) play a central role in identifying and supporting women and this study aimed to explore GPs' experiences of caring for women with perinatal mental health problems in primary care. The results of this study may provide guidance to inform policy, practice, research and development of curriculum and continuous professional development resources. Read More

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December 2018

Communications Skills in the Pharmacy Profession: A Cross Sectional Survey of UK Registered Pharmacists and Pharmacy Educators.

Pharmacy (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Pharmacy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.

To determine UK pharmacists' experiences of their current communication skills and undergraduate training and to identify communication skills training and teaching at UK schools of pharmacy. Two surveys were developed. The first survey was sent to UK practicing pharmacists examining their current communication skills and interest in behavioural counselling techniques such as Motivational Interviewing (MI). Read More

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December 2018

Recruitment of Healthcare Staff to Social Network Studies: A Case Study Exploring Experiences, Challenges, and Considerations.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 7;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Systems, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Social network analysis (SNA) is a term that describes a set of methodologies to understand and depict social relations or ties. SNA is different from other research methods in several ways that have important ethical implications, as well as specific considerations for study design. Recruitment of participants and attrition during the study, where there are several data collection time points, pose significant challenges. Read More

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December 2018

Qualitative evaluation of a public-private partnership for reproductive health training in Papua New Guinea.

Rural Remote Health 2018 Dec 12;18(4):4608. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Development, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia

Introduction: The recent policy environment in both Papua New Guinea and Australia for partnering with private entities to address health issues has led to a public-private partnership (PPP) between the National Department of Health in Papua New Guinea, the Australian Government and the Oil Search Foundation. A reproductive health training unit was formed to provide health worker training in essential obstetric care and emergency obstetric care. This article provides a qualitative evaluation of the PPP, looking at facilitating features and barriers to the PPP's target of improving the competence of frontline health workers in obstetric care service provision in Papua New Guinea. Read More

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December 2018

Paramedics' perceptions of their scope of practice in caring for patients with non-medical emergency-related mental health and/or alcohol and other drug problems: A qualitative study.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208391. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Turning Point, Eastern Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Paramedics are called on frequently to provide care to patients with mental health and/or and alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems, but may have mixed views about how this fits within their role.

Aims: To explore paramedics' experience of caring for patients with non-medical emergency-related mental health and/or AOD problems, understand their perceptions of their scope of practice in caring for these patients, and ascertain if their practice should be extended to incorporate education with these patients.

Method: A convenience sample of 73 paramedics from most Australian states and territories-recruited through an online survey-participated in individual audio-recorded, qualitative interviews, conducted by telephone. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Is there a relationship between restless legs syndrome and medical problems in pregnant women? A cross-sectional study in Iran.

Acta Neurol Belg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Midwifery Department, Menopause Andropause Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

This study aimed to assess the relationship between RLS and medical problems among pregnant women. In this study, 700 pregnant women were recruited. A socio-demographic questionnaire and the International Restless Legs Questionnaire were used to gather information. Read More

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December 2018

Media representation of the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) crisis: An Australian perspective.

Infect Dis Health 2018 Oct 20. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Deakin University, Alfred Deakin Research Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Australia.

Background: Antimicrobial resistance and the rise of 'super bugs' has become a major threat to public health worldwide, with authorities warning of an 'apocalyptic future' unless addressed as a matter of urgency. Mass circulation media has traditionally taken an active role in informing the public of important public health issues and the measures needed to address these. The key objective of the larger project informing this article was to describe Australian media representations of the AMR crisis and its role in informing the public about the AMR crisis. Read More

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October 2018

E-IMR: e-health added to face-to-face delivery of Illness Management & Recovery programme for people with severe mental illness, an exploratory clustered randomized controlled trial.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 12;18(1):962. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Titus Beentjes, IQ Healthcare, Radboud University Medical Center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, PO Box 9101, 6500, HB, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Background: E-mental health holds promise for people with severe mental illness, but has a limited evidence base. This study explored the effect of e-health added to face-to-face delivery of the Illness Management and Recovery Programme (e-IMR).

Method: In this multi-centre exploratory cluster randomized controlled trial, seven clusters (n = 60; 41 in intervention group and 19 in control group) were randomly assigned to e-IMR + IMR or IMR only. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of an empathy role-play program for operating room nursing students.

J Educ Eval Health Prof 2018 13;15:29. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Operating Room Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Purpose: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of a role-playing training program for empathetic communication with patients on empathy scores of operating room nursing students.

Methods: This clinical trial was carried out on 77 operating room nursing students from the first to the fourth years studied in the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2017-2018. The intervention administered on the experimental group included a 12-hour training program with the theme of expressing empathy to patients using a role-playing technique. Read More

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December 2018

Perinatal Music Therapy and Antenatal Music Classes: Principles, Mechanisms, and Benefits.

Authors:
Wolfgang Mastnak

J Perinat Educ 2016 ;25(3):184-192

Antenatal music activities are in the ascendant. Regarding evidence-based research, the article advocates 5 main aims: music therapeutic control of pre- and perinatal stress, anxiety, and depression; music-related mental and physical birth preparation comprising cognitive adjustment, emotional regulation, physical activity, relaxation and pain management, and social inclusion; music-associated bonding and self-efficacy; prenatal sound stimulation to trigger learning processes, pedagogical priming and brain maturation; music activities to facilitate the child's acculturation and adaptive self-regulation. Underlying mechanisms such as neuroplasticity help to understand the multifaceted effects of music in pre- and perinatal care. Read More

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January 2016

What Motivates People to Attend Birth Doula Trainings?

Authors:
Amy L Gilliland

J Perinat Educ 2016 ;25(3):174-183

Eighteen identified motivations for attending a birth doula training workshop were ranked by 467 participants (466 females, 1 male) in 2010 and 2013. Participants selected a variety of reasons but only 30% chose to "become a professional doula" as their main reason. Another 20% wanted to "become a midwife. Read More

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January 2016

Quality-of-life predictors for men undergoing infertility treatment in Japan.

Jpn J Nurs Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

St. Luke's International University, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: To dentify the predictors of the quality of life (QOL) of infertile men who are undergoing infertility treatments in Japan and to create a QOL prediction model, with the main variables aimed at providing more adequate support to male patients.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used the quantitative data that were collected from 321 returned self-report questionnaires that had been distributed to the men of 411 couples who were undergoing fertility treatment. The following four scales were used to measure the main outcomes: FertiQoL, psychological distress, spousal support, and workplace support. Read More

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December 2018

Initiation of advance care planning in newly admitted nursing home residents in Flanders, Belgium: A prospective cohort study.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology Research Unit, Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Aim: To describe (i) the timing of initiation of advance care planning (ACP) after nursing home admission; (ii) the association of dementia and physical health with ACP initiation; and (iii) if and how analgesic use and use of lipid modifying agents is related to ACP, in a cohort of newly admitted residents.

Methods: A prospective, observational cohort study of nursing home residents was carried out. Data were collected 3 months, 15 months (year 1) and 27 months (year 2) after admission, using a structured questionnaire and validated measuring tools. Read More

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December 2018

Variation in outcome reporting in randomised controlled trials of interventions for the prevention and treatment of fetal growth restriction.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Fetal Medicine Unit, St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) contributes to stillbirth, prematurity, neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity. Although FGR is well known to be associated with adverse outcomes for the mother and offspring, effective interventions for the prevention of FGR are yet to be established. The majority of pregnancies complicated by FGR are not detected antenatally and there are limited effective interventions for established FGR. Read More

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December 2018

Perceived barriers to the preservation and improvement of children's oral health among Iranian women: a qualitative study.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: To explore perceptions of Iranian mothers regarding barriers to preserving and improving oral health among their children.

Methods: The present qualitative study was part of a larger sequential exploratory mixed-method study conducted in Tehran, Iran, from April to May 2015. Data were collected via 10 focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews to gain an understanding of the perception held by the mothers of school-aged children about barriers to oral health improvement. Read More

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December 2018

Proportion and factors of death among preterm neonates admitted in University of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital neonatal intensive care unit, Northwest Ethiopia.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Dec 6;11(1):867. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Health Economics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objective: Neonatal mortality accounts for 43% of under-five child mortality in Ethiopia where preterm is the second leading cause of neonatal death and steadily increased in low-income countries. Therefore, assessing the proportion of death and associated factors among preterm neonates has a paramount importance in designing an effective strategy to intervene and achieve sustainable development goal.

Results: In this study proportion of preterm neonatal death in this study was 28. Read More

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December 2018

Labour outcomes in caseload midwifery and standard care: a register-based cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 6;18(1):481. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Research unit for Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Sdr Boulevard 29, 5000, Odense C, Denmark.

Background: Research on caseload midwifery in a Danish setting is missing. This cohort study aimed to compare labour outcomes in caseload midwifery and standard midwifery care.

Methods: A historical register-based cohort study was carried out using routinely collected data about all singleton births 2013-2016 in two maternity units in the North Denmark Region. Read More

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December 2018

Determinants of client satisfaction to skilled antenatal care services at Southwest of Ethiopia: a cross-sectional facility based survey.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Dec 6;18(1):479. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Patient satisfaction to Antenatal care services has traditionally been linked to the quality of services given and the extent to which specific needs are met. Even though data in this area was limited in Ethiopia, improving quality of care was one of the strategies in health sector development program IV. This study, therefore, attempted to assess client satisfaction to skilled antenatal care services in the study area. Read More

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December 2018

The relationship between maternal anemia during pregnancy with preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Dec 6:1-151. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

d Psychosocial Injuries Research Center , Ilam University of Medical Sciences , Ilam , Iran.

Objective: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common cause of anemia during pregnancy. Other causes of anemia include parasitic diseases, micronutrient deficiencies, and genetic hemoglobin apathies. Maternal anemia during pregnancy is the most important public health problem. Read More

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December 2018

Experience of nursing students about the barriers to patient education: a qualitative study in Iran.

Korean J Med Educ 2018 Dec 1;30(4):327-337. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Community Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Ira.

Purpose: Patient education is a dynamic and continuous process that should be implemented during the entire time of hospital stay and even afterward. Studies have shown the typically poor quality of patient education in Iran and its failure to convey the required knowledge and skills to patients. The purpose of this study was to survey the experience of nursing students in regard to the challenges of patient education in hospitals. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the Role of Regional Anesthesia in the Treatment of the Burn Injured Patient: A Narrative Review of Current Literature.

Clin J Pain 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The University of Queensland, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, St Lucia, QLD, Australia, 4072.

Objectives: The review article was designed to assess the effectiveness of regional anesthesia, specifically peripheral nerve blocks, in the treatment of burn pain; with noting of clinical indications and contraindications for peripheral nerve block application, along with discussion of evidence-based analgesic strategies for providing improved, comprehensive burn pain management.

Methods: A search of relevant literature was performed using CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and SCOPUS with a publication date between January 2005 and December 2017.

Results: The search yielded ten results that met criteria. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of Acupressure on Pain Severity in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Graft: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Anesth Pain Med 2018 Oct 20;8(5):e82920. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Pediatric Nursing, Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

Background: Considering the contradictory results on the role of complementary therapies in correcting post-operative side effects, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acupressure on pain severity in patients undergoing coronary artery graft admitted to a coronary care unit.

Methods: In this double-blind, randomized, clinical trial, 70 patients were selected randomly after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery based on inclusion criteria and then assigned to two groups (35 in acupressure and 35 in control) randomly by the minimization method. The intervention group received acupressure at the LI4 point for 20 minutes in 10-second pressure and 2-second resting periods. Read More

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October 2018

Magnitude of Anemia and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Public Hospitals of Ilu Abba Bora Zone, South West Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Anemia 2018 12;2018:9201383. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Anemia is a global public health problem affecting all population particularly pregnant women. Hence, this study assessed the magnitude of anemia and associated factors among pregnant.

Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in three public hospitals of Ilu Aba Bora zone. Read More

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November 2018

Diagnostic Errors in Tuberculous Patients: A Multicenter Study from a Developing Country.

J Environ Public Health 2018 13;2018:1975931. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

Although there is still much to learn about the types of errors committed in health care and why they occur, enough is known today to recognize that a serious concern exists for patients. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is frequently subject to diagnostic errors. Missed or delayed diagnosis of TB can affect patients and community adversely. Read More

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November 2018

Abortion-related care and the role of the midwife: a global perspective.

Int J Womens Health 2018 23;10:751-762. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Midwifery Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Introduction: The International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) represents 132 midwifery associations in 113 countries. The ICM disseminates the Essential Competencies for Basic Midwifery Practice (EC) that describes the global scope of midwifery practice. The basic (core) and expanded (additional or optional) role of midwives in providing abortion-related care services was first described in 2010. Read More

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November 2018
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Labor augmentation during birth and later cognitive ability in young adulthood.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 26;10:1765-1772. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark,

Purpose: Synthetic oxytocin for labor augmentation during birth has been linked to negative neurodevelopment effects in children. We examined whether maternal labor augmentation was associated with lower cognitive ability in young adulthoods.

Patients And Methods: We identified 330,107 individuals (96. Read More

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November 2018

Nurses' knowledge on pressure injury prevention: a systematic review and meta-analysis based on the Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Assessment Tool.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 23;11:613-620. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran,

Introduction: Inadequate knowledge on pressure injury (PI) can have a detrimental effect on preventive care strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the overall knowledge of nurses on PI prevention based on their scores on the Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Assessment Tool (PUKAT) and its subscales in different settings.

Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, databases including Web of Science, Science Direct, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus were searched, using the following keywords: Pressure Ulcer, Pressure injury, Bedsore, Pressure Sore, Decubitus Ulcer, knowledge, and their possible combinations. Read More

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November 2018

Coming ready or not! An integrative review examining new graduate nurses' transition in acute care.

Int J Nurs Pract 2018 Dec 9:e12714. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Rural Health, University of Newcastle, Taree, Australia.

Aims: To synthesize the scientific evidence about new graduate nurses' transition to practice in the acute care setting and consider implications for nurses and nursing practice.

Background: Despite the vast amount of literature on new graduate nurses' transition to practice, the transition of new graduate nurses is a global issue and remains at the forefront of discussions within the nursing community.

Design: An integrative review. Read More

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December 2018
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Psychosocial interventions for pain management in older adults with dementia: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.

J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

School of Nursing and Midwifery & Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Australia.

Aim: To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions on pain in older adults living with dementia.

Design: A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Data Sources: Scopus, ProQuest, EBSCO (CINAHL and MEDLINE), PubMed, OVID (PsycINFO), Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched from their inception up to 2 May 2018. Read More

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December 2018

Dressings and topical agents for preventing pressure ulcers.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 6;12:CD009362. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Nursing & Midwifery, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, 123 St. Stephen's Green, Dublin, Ireland, D2.

Background: Pressure ulcers, localised injuries to the skin or underlying tissue, or both, occur when people cannot reposition themselves to relieve pressure on bony prominences. These wounds are difficult to heal, painful, expensive to manage and have a negative impact on quality of life. Prevention strategies include nutritional support and pressure redistribution. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads