737 results match your criteria Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology[Journal]


Punctal Plug as a Treatment Option for Dry Eye Associated with Congenital Supernumary Puncta.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):170-172

Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto-University of São Paulo, Brazil.

This study aims to describe a case of double lower lacrimal punctum-canaliculi in a dry eye patient treated with a punctal plug. A 60-year-old healthy female presented with complaints of tearing, itchy eyes, and foreign body sensation in the right eye for many years. There was no history of trauma or inflammation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_102_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348943PMC

Inverted Internal Limiting Membrane Technique Maintains Macular Hole Closure in Retinal Detachment Following Macular Hole Repair.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):167-169

Retina Institute, Eye Foundation Hospitals, Lagos, Nigeria.

Recent advances in macular hole surgery have significantly improved the rates of anatomical success. One important advance is the dye-assisted peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) around the hole. In large holes (<400 μ), sometimes, ILM peeling alone is not enough to achieve closure, and this may be improved by inverting part of the peeled membrane and using it to cover the macular hole or inverting and tucking the ILM flap into the hole. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_354_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348937PMC

Subretinal Hypopyon in Presumed Tubercular Uveitis: A Report of Two Cases.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):163-166

Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Subretinal hypopyon is an uncommon entity which has been described in ocular infections and inflammations including endophthalmitis, acute retinal necrosis, and sympathetic ophthalmia. The authors report subretinal hypopyon in two cases of presumed tubercular uveitis which responded well to antitubercular therapy (ATT). The first case was a 47-year-old male with bilateral peripapillary chorioretinitis with a subretinal hypopyon. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_187_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348936PMC

Retinal Detachment After Cyclophotocoagulation in a Child with Knobloch Syndrome.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):161-162

Glaucoma Division, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Knobloch syndrome (KS) is typically characterized by high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, and macular abnormalities. We report a case of glaucoma in KS, which represents the fourth reported case and the first description of the retinal events after the glaucoma procedure. Retinal detachment followed standard cyclophotocoagulation procedure for glaucoma in a 2-month-old boy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_263_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348939PMC

Unilateral Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction, Is It An Amblyogenic Factor?

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):156-160

Research Department, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background/aims: To evaluate the refractive status, axial length, and prevalence of amblyopia among Saudi children with unilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (UCNLDO) compared to the unaffected fellow eye.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for children with UCNLDO at two eye institutes in Eastern Saudi Arabia from 2009 to 2015. The outcomes of syringing determined UNCLDO. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2018/25/3/156/249327
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_3_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348941PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Predictors of Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia and Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma among Ugandan Patients: A Hospital-based Study.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):150-155

Department of Ophthalmology, Mbarara University of Science and Technology and Ruharo Eye Centre, Mbarara, Uganda.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the predictors of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) and conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) among Ugandan patients.

Materials And Methods: Patients presenting for removal of ocular surface lesions received human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, completed questionnaires about demographic, behavioral, and historical potential risk factors for conjunctival neoplasia, and had lesions examined for interpalpebral versus other locations, rough versus smooth texture, and number of feeder vessels. Biopsies were classified pathologically using standard definitions classified OSSN and SCC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_187_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348942PMC

Perceptions and Career Expectation in Ophthalmology among Saudi Undergraduate Medical Students.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):142-149

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To assess the perceptions about ophthalmology as a career among undergraduate medical students and to investigate the determinants of career choice in ophthalmology.

Methods: A questionnaire was administered to all medical students (from 4 year to interns) in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. A total of 519 students were included in the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_261_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348938PMC

Transition to Ophthalmology Residency Program and the Role of Basic Science Course.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):137-141

Department of Ophthalmology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Residency training is a difficult and a highly stressful task, especially at the beginning of the training. The aim of this study is to assess the roles of the Basic Science Course (BSC) and independent preparation on the transition to ophthalmology residency in Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among ophthalmology program residents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_281_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348940PMC

Estimation of Morphological Characteristics in Asymmetrical Myopic Posterior Staphyloma using Optical Coherence Tomography.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):131-136

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Purpose: Posterior staphyloma is an ocular complication associated with high myopia and reflects degenerative changes on the sclera. Its morphology is associated with chorioretinal atrophy and myopic maculopathy. The purpose of this study was to validate the efficacy of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in providing a simple estimation of the staphyloma pattern. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_45_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348944PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Knowledge and Attitude toward Eye Donation among Adults, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-based, Cross-sectional Study.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):126-130

Department of Optometry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: In developing countries, the leading cause of childhood blindness is corneal scarring. Although the service of corneal transplantation depends on several factors, availability of potential donors is of paramount importance. Attitude of eligible donors is the main factor that affects corneal supply. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_267_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348946PMC

Comparative Clinical Study of Medically Controlled Nonsevere Chronic Primary Angle-closure Glaucoma with Coexisting Cataract Surgically Managed by Phacoemulsification as against Combined Phacotrabeculectomy.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):119-125

Research Department, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: Comparative clinical study of medically controlled non-severe chronic Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (PACG) with co-existing cataract surgically managed by phacoemulsification as against combined phacotrabeculectomy.

Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted between December 2011 and December 2013. Patients were randomly assigned to Phacoemulsification (PE) and Phacotrabeculectomy (PT) groups for surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_204_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348945PMC

Iris Melanoma in a Child Simulating Juvenile Xanthogranuloma.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):115-117

Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

An 8-year-old girl was referred for an amelanotic iris tumor believed to have enlarged slightly over 3 months, suspicious for juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG). The affected right eye had a lightly pigmented, vascular iris mass measuring 6 mm in basal dimension and 2 mm in thickness. There were no feeder vessels, seeding, inflammatory cells, or cutaneous abnormalities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_7_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071340PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Botryoid Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Conjunctiva in a Young Boy.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):111-114

Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

Primary conjunctival rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare entity that can present with or without papillomatous features. A 5-year-old Asian boy was referred for a rapidly growing conjunctival tumor in the superior fornix of the left eye. Surgical excision yielded a 28 mm multilobulated papillomatous specimen that exhibited histopathologic and immunohistochemical features consistent with embryonal (botryoid) RMS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_8_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071337PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Hand-held Optical Coherence Tomography Monitoring of Submillimeter Retinoblastoma Treated with Indocyanine Green-enhanced Transpupillary Therapy.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):108-110

Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

Over recent years, hand-held optical coherence tomography (HH-OCT) has become critical for retinoblastoma diagnosis and management. We report precise HH-OCT findings in a case of sub-millimeter retinoblastoma treated with foveal-sparing indocyanine green-enhanced transpupillary thermotherapy (ICG-TTT). A 2-month-old Caucasian female with bilateral Group B retinoblastoma showed two recurrent macular tumors in the right eye, demonstrating 88 μm and 37 μm of growth to 344 μm and 413 μm in thickness, respectively, on HH-OCT. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_280_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071346PMC
September 2018

Outcome Analysis of Visual Acuity and Side Effect after Ruthenium-106 Plaque Brachytherapy for Medium-sized Choroidal Melanoma.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):103-107

Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report on treatment outcomes for medium-sized choroidal melanoma treated with Ruthenium-106 (Ru-106) plaque brachytherapy.

Methods: A retrospective case series of 28 patients received Ru-106 brachytherapy treatment for choroidal melanoma. The prescribed tumor dose was 85 Gy to a depth of 5 mm. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_198_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071343PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Characteristics and Factors Related to Eyelid Basal Cell Carcinoma in Saudi Arabia.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):96-102

Department of Oculoplastic, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: Data on basal cell carcinoma (BCC) from the Middle East are deficient. We present the features and management outcomes for BCC over the last 36 years in Saudi Arabia.

Subjects And Methods: This retrospective chart review included BCC patients diagnosed and treated at Saudi Arabia between 1980 and 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_305_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071341PMC
September 2018
22 Reads

Staging Uveal Melanoma with Whole-Body Positron-Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and Abdominal Ultrasound: Low Incidence of Metastatic Disease, High Incidence of Second Primary Cancers.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):91-95

Department of Medical Oncology, Barts health NHS Trust, London, UK.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report the results of staging primary uveal melanoma with whole-body (18) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and abdominal ultrasound.

Materials And Methods: From January 2012, patients with uveal melanoma over 4 mm in thickness were staged with FDG PET/CT and abdominal ultrasound.

Results: Over 2 years, 108 patients with medium-to-large melanoma underwent dual imaging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2018/25/2/91/237042
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_96_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071338PMC
September 2018
54 Reads

Uveal Metastasis: Clinical Features and Survival Outcome of 2214 Tumors in 1111 Patients Based on Primary Tumor Origin.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):81-90

Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate patients with uveal metastasis based on primary tumor site.

Methods: Retrospective analysis from Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA, for uveal metastasis clinical features and outcomes based on the primary tumor site.

Results: There were 2214 uveal metastases diagnosed in 1111 consecutive patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_6_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071342PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation: Review of Literature and New Advances.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):71-80

Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) is a benign inflammatory condition usually confined to the orbit but extraorbital extension can also occur. IOI has been classified into categories including anterior, diffuse, posterior or apical, myositis, and dacryoadenitis. Other rare types of IOI include periscleritis, perineuritis, and focal mass. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2018/25/2/71/237036
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_44_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071347PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Choroidal Melanoma Resection.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):65-70

Department of Ophthalmology, Kasr Al-Ainy Medical School, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Uveal melanoma is the most common intraocular malignant tumor, with the choroid being the most common site. Management of choroidal melanoma has evolved greatly over the past years. In the past, the conventional method of treatment was enucleation of the affected eye with a debate regarding the effect of enucleation to promote or prevent metastasis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_73_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071344PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Orbital Metastases: When to Suspect? When to biopsy?

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):60-64

Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77005, USA.

Incidental orbital masses that are asymptomatic and appear benign are often observed without surgical intervention unless there is a clinical or radiographic change in the mass. There is a burgeoning population of cancer patients with incidental masses that have been detected while under surveillance for metastasis. This population of patients is growing due to a number of reasons, including more extensive imaging, an aging population, and more effective cancer treatments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_93_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071345PMC
September 2018

Ocular Oncology: Saving Sight, Saving Lives.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr-Jun;25(2):59

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_158_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071339PMC

Implantation of Customized, Preshaped Implant for Orbital Fractures with the Aid of Three-dimensional Printing.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):56-58

Department of Eye Research Center, Center of Excellence in Medical Education Technology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Orbital floor fractures alone or in conjunction with other facial skeletal fractures are the most commonly encountered midfacial fractures. The technological advances in 3-dimensional (3D) printing allow the physical prototyping of 3D models, so creates an accurate representation of the patient's specific anatomy. A 56-year-old Caucasian man with severe hypoglobus and enophthalmos with an extensive blowout fracture was scheduled for reconstruction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_262_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974821PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Bilateral Deep Sclerectomy with Microperforations as a Successful Secondary Procedure in Aniridia-Associated Glaucoma.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):52-55

Glaucoma Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Aniridia-associated glaucoma is often refractory to medical treatment. Glaucoma drainage device surgery is often considered after failed angle surgery. However, the potential complications of tube surgery in young children are not negligible. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_291_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974820PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Palmoplantar Keratoderma with Keratoconus.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):49-51

Department of Ophthalmology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Palmoplantar keratodermas (PPKs) are a rare heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by abnormal thickening of the skin of palms and soles. Ocular manifestations reported with palmer planter keratosis include scleral melanosis, macular deposits, and congenital cataract. We report, for the first time, a case of bilateral keratoconus in a patient with PPK. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_221_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974819PMC
August 2018
39 Reads

Autologous Scleral Flap Technique to Repair Exposed Sutures after Transscleral Suture Fixation of an Intraocular Lens.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):47-48

Department of Research, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, KSA.

Exposure of the suture after transscleral suture fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses is a known late complication that typically requires intervention. Patch grafts of sclera, cornea, or pericardium have been described. We describe a novel autologous scleral flap to cover an exposed 10-0 polypropylene suture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_196_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974818PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Frequency of Cataract in Iran: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):40-46

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran.

Purpose: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness and the second cause of low vision in the world. In the world, Asia has the highest number of blind population. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the frequency of clinical cataracts in Iran. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_300_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974817PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Bacterial Flora of the Conjunctiva One Year after Dacryocystorhinostomy.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):35-39

Department of Ophthalmology, Poostchi Ophthalmology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of conjunctival bacterial flora 1 year after successful dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).

Methods: Seventy-two consecutive adult patients with successful DCR were enrolled in this study. We obtained conjunctival cultures from the operated eyes, fellow eyes, and nasal mucosa of the operated side 1 year after the operation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_225_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974816PMC
August 2018
5 Reads

Relationship between Refraction, Anthropometrics, and Educational Status in a Nigerian Young Adult Population.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):30-34

Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Purpose: The study aimed at determining the relationship between refraction and anthropometric measurements and the relationship between the level of education and refractive status in a Nigerian young adult population.

Materials And Methods: Healthy volunteers from the students and staff of a teaching hospital in South-Western Nigeria were studied. Demographic profiles including participants' highest educational status, parental educational level, and the age at first formal school enrollment were documented. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_16_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974815PMC
August 2018
7 Reads

Causes of Permanent Severe Visual Impairment and Blindness among Jordanian Population.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):25-29

Department of Ophthalmology, King Hussein Medical Center, Amman, Jordan.

Purpose: To report the causes of permanent severe visual impairment and blindness among Jordanian blind people.

Materials And Methods: This study was conducted on 1422 legally blind or worse vision people of all ages who attended the ophthalmic division of a medical committee for evaluation of disabled persons from July 2013 through November 2014. They were divided into two age groups: adult group (998 cases) and childhood group (<16 years, 424 cases). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_202_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974814PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Choroidal Haller's and Sattler's Layers Thickness in Normal Indian Eyes.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):19-24

Department of Vitreo Retina, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Aim: This study aims to study normative choroidal thickness (CT) and Haller's and Sattler's layers thickness in normal Indian eyes.

Materials And Methods: The choroidal imaging of 73 eyes of 43 healthy Indian individuals was done using enhanced depth imaging feature of spectralis optical coherence tomography. Rraster scan protocol centered at fovea was used for imaging separately by two observers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_77_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974813PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Accommodation, Convergence, and Stereopsis in Dyslexic Schoolchildren.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):14-18

Baharloo Hospital Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Previous studies have shown a correlation between reading problems and binocular function, but few studies have assessed visual skills in dyslexic students, particularly in Iranian Farsi-language students. This study is aimed to determine some of the binocular functions of dyslexic children and compare it with a group of age, sex, and social class-matched control children.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a case-control study on 27 dyslexic children and 40 age, sex, and social class-matched control children (all between 7 and 13 years old) in grades one to six. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_71_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974812PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Comparison of Goldmann Applanation, Noncontact Air Puff, and Tono-Pen XL Tonometry in Normal Controls versus Glaucoma Patients at a University Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):8-13

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measured by the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT), the Tono-Pen XL (TPXL), and a noncontact airpuff tonometer (NCT) in glaucoma patients and normal controls.

Methodology: In the current study, two groups of individuals were recruited; the first group included glaucoma patients (glaucoma group) while the second one was a glaucoma-free group. The IOP was measured through GAT, NCT, and TPXL for the same participants by three different physicians in both groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2018/25/1/8/232740
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_291_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974822PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Intravitreal Bevacizumab with or without Triamcinolone for Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration: Twelve-month Results of a Prospective, Randomized Investigation.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):1-7

Department of Ophthalmology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the long-term outcomes of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) with a combination therapy including IVB/intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVB/IVTA) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Materials And Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 136 eyes of 136 patients with neovascular AMD. Eyes were randomly assigned to receive IVB alone (71 eyes) or in combination with IVTA (65 eyes). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_292_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974811PMC
August 2018
15 Reads

Demographic and Clinical Features of Pediatric Uveitis at a Tertiary Referral Center in Iran.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):222

Department of Paediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_261_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793457PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Cytomegalovirus Retinitis as a Presenting Feature of Multisystem Disorder: Dyskeratosis Congenita.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):219-221

Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is an opportunistic infection commonly seen in disorders that affect the immune system of the body such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and hematological malignancies such as leukemia/lymphoma or organ transplantation. The occurrence of CMV retinitis in the absence of such condition should be thoroughly investigated, as it is a strong indicator of poor immune competence. We here report an interesting case of CMV retinitis as a presenting feature of rare multisystem disorde "Dyskeratosis congenita. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_230_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793456PMC
February 2018
12 Reads

Localized Trichiasis Causing Focal Full-Thickness Corneal Edema, Endothelial Cell Loss, and Corneal Scarring Requiring Penetrating Keratoplasty.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):216-218

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

The purpose of the study was to report a case of focal trichiasis causing full-thickness corneal edema, scarring, and endothelial cell loss requiring penetrating keratoplasty (PK). A 66-year-old male was referred for trichiasis of the right upper eyelid corresponding to an area of full-thickness corneal edema. No keratic precipitates or guttata was noted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_304_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793455PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

as a Causative Agent for Postoperative Endophthalmitis.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):213-215

Department of Vitreoretina, C. L. Gupta Eye Institute, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

We report a case of a 55-year-old female who presented with pain, redness, and profound visual loss in her right eye 2 weeks after cataract surgery. An ophthalmic examination showed light perception vision, corneal edema with severe anterior chamber reaction and hypopyon, exudative membranes on the anterior lens surface, and dense vitreous exudates. Under the impression of acute postoperative exogenous endophthalmitis, immediate pars plana vitrectomy with culture of vitreous aspirate and intravitreal antibiotic injections were performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_238_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793454PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

Assessment of Annual Diabetic Eye Examination Using Telemedicine Technology Among Underserved Patients in Primary Care Setting.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):207-212

Chief of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Community Physicians, Odenton, Maryland, USA.

Context: Digital retinal imaging with the application of telemedicine technology shows promising results for screening of diabetic retinopathy in the primary care setting without requiring an ophthalmologist on site.

Aims: We assessed whether the establishment of telemedicine technology was an effective and efficient way to increase completion of annual eye examinations among underserved, low-income (Medicaid) diabetic patients.

Settings And Design: A cross-sectional study in a primary care setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_19_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793453PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Comparison of the Efficacy of Carboxymethylcellulose 0.5%, Hydroxypropyl-guar Containing Polyethylene Glycol 400/Propylene Glycol, and Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose 0.3% Tear Substitutes in Improving Ocular Surface Disease Index in Cases of Dry Eye.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):202-206

Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of carboxymethylcellulose 0.5% (CMC), hydroxypropyl-guar containing polyethylene glycol 400/propylene glycol (PEG/PG), and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 0.3% (HPMC) as tear substitutes in patients with dry eye. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2017/24/4/202/223104
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_165_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793452PMC
February 2018
49 Reads

Comparative Evaluation of Corneal Endothelium in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Phacoemulsification.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):195-201

Department of Ophthalmology, UCMS and GTB Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: To determine if phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation has a greater impact on the corneal endothelium of type 2 diabetic patients as compared to nondiabetics.

Materials And Methods: This study compared the endothelial status in 60 diabetics with good glycemic control and 60 nondiabetics before and after uneventful phacoemulsification. Central corneal endothelial cell density, percentage hexagonality and percentage coefficient of variation (%CV) were measured using a specular microscope. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_212_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793451PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Investigating the Visual Status Of Preschool Children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):190-194

Department of Optometry, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore the vision status of preschool children aged 3-6 years in Al Riyadh and to identify children at risk of amblyopia.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional population-based study. Visual acuity (VA) was measured using 15-line Lea symbols, refractive error was assessed using the Mohindra near retinoscopy technique, and peak contrast sensitivity (CS) was measured with the aid of the numerical CS test. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_123_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793450PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiology and Clinical Features of Thyroid-associated Orbitopathy in Accra.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):183-189

Department of Surgery, Eye Unit, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Purpose: Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), a clinical manifestation of Graves' disease, is an autoimmune disorder of the orbital and periorbital tissue. Data on the epidemiology and clinical presentation of TAO in Africa are generally scarce and unavailable in Ghana. We investigated the epidemiology and clinical features of TAO among patients with thyroid disorders attending the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_91_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793449PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Cataract and Glaucoma Surgery: Endoscopic Cyclophotocoagulation versus Trabeculectomy.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):177-182

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) versus trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (trab) in combination with cataract surgery.

Materials And Methods: We evaluated the 6-month results of patients undergoing phacoemulsification (phaco) with either ECP or trab. The primary outcome was mean intraocular pressure (IOP) at 6 months; secondary outcomes were change in glaucoma medications, visual acuity, intraocular inflammation, and postoperative complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_232_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793448PMC
February 2018
6 Reads

Keratoconus Asymmetry between Both Eyes Based on Corneal Tomography.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):171-176

Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Jordan and Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan.

Purpose: To characterize the asymmetry between both eyes in patients with keratoconus based on corneal tomography.

Materials And Methods: All patients with keratoconus who presented to the eye clinic at Jordan University Hospital between January 2008 and November 2011 were included in the study. Using computerized corneal tomography, the keratometric values and indices of both eyes of participants with keratoconus and normal controls were compared. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_311_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793447PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Outcomes of Scleral-fixated Intraocular-lens in Children with Idiopathic Ectopia Lentis.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct-Dec;24(4):167-170

Department of Ophthalmology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to review the safety and stability of scleral-fixated intraocular lens (IOL) 2 years after implantation in children with idiopathic ectopia lentis (EL).

Methods: This retrospective case series enrolled children with EL managed between 2011 and 2015 at a tertiary eye hospital in the eastern of Saudi Arabia. Data were collected on age, gender, vision, isolated or syndromic pathology, intraoperative and postoperative complications, spherical equivalent refraction, and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_105_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793446PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Occult Optic Disc Pit Maculopathy in a Glaucomatous Disc.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Jul-Sep;24(3):165-166

Department of Vitreo-Retina, Aravind Eye Hospital, Puducherry, India.

Optic pits are congenital defects of the optic disc. Diagnosis of optic pit maculopathy is quite challenging in the absence of a clinically visible or optical coherence tomography (OCT) proven pit. One such scenario is when there is advanced glaucomatous cupping. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_79_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5698994PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Superior Oblique Myokymia: Some Novel Observations.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Jul-Sep;24(3):162-164

Department of Ophthalmology, Little Flower Hospital and Research Centre, Angamaly, Kerala, India.

Superior oblique myokymia is a rare condition, characterized by spontaneous rhythmic contractions of the superior oblique muscle and was first described by Duane in 1906. However, the pathophysiology of this condition remains poorly understood even today. A number of medical and surgical treatment modalities have been tried, with variable results. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_78_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5698993PMC
January 2018
6 Reads

Macular Hole Secondary to Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Jul-Sep;24(3):159-161

Department of Vitreo Retinal Services, Aravind Eye Hospital and Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Puducherry, India.

We report a case of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) presented with massive submacular hemorrhage (SMH) and macular hole (MH). Spectral domain optical coherence tomography confirmed the presence of MH along with SMH and also revealed an extrafoveal-notched pigment epithelium detachment (PED) suggestive of PCV. Urgent pneumatic displacement with perfluoropropane (C3F8) was done. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_30_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5698992PMC
January 2018
5 Reads

Real-time Optical Coherence Tomography Incorporated in the Operating Microscope during Cataract Surgery.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Jul-Sep;24(3):156-158

Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA.

A 55-year-old male presented with reduced vision due to senile cataract. The patient consented to undergo real-time intraoperative anterior segment-optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) during phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Images were captured at various points during the surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2017/24/3/156/217884
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_132_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5698991PMC
January 2018
4 Reads