824 results match your criteria Middle Ear Tympanic Membrane Infections


[A multi-center clinical retrospective study on the therapeutic effect of endoscopic myringoplasty].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;54(4):245-250

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an 710068, China.

To analyze the therapeutic effect of endoscopic myringoplasty. A retrospective analysis of 523 patients with chronic otitis media who underwent endoscopic myringoplasty between June 2016 and June 2017 in eight tertiary hospitals in China. Among all the patients, 256 were male and 267 were female, aged from 18 to 68 years old. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.04.002DOI Listing

Water protection in patients with tympanostomy tubes in tympanic membrane: a randomized clinical trial.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2019 Mar 7;17(2):eAO4423. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the incidence of otorrhea in the postoperative period of patients submitted to tympanotomy to place ventilation tube, and who did not protect the ear when exposed to water.

Methods: Open, randomized-controlled trial. Eighty patients submitted to unilateral or bilateral ear grommet tympanostomy were included and divided into two groups: Auricular Protection and Non-Protection to water during bathing and activities in water. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394998PMC

Temporal bone involvement of IgG4-related disease: a rare condition misleading to petrous apicitis causing lateral rectus palsy.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 26;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) of temporal bone is rare and clinical manifestation mimics infection. A 19-year-old female presented with progressive left earache and intermittent left nasal obstruction. Then, she rapidly developed left lateral rectus palsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228550DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Towards an optical diagnostic system for otitis media using a combination of otoscopy and spectroscopy.

J Biophotonics 2019 Feb 5:e201800305. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Center of Optical and Electromagnetic Research, South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

An improved method, where conventional otoscope investigation of human suspicious otitis media is combined with diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and gas in scattering media absorption spectroscopy (GASMAS) is being developed. Otitis media is one of the most common infectious diseases in children, whose Eustachian tube connecting the middle ear with the nasal cavity is more horizontal than for adults, which leads to impaired fluid drainage. At present, the use of an otoscope to visually observe possible changes in the tympanic membrane appearance is the main diagnostics method for otitis media. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201800305DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Comparison of tympanocentesis, CO₂ laser tympanostomy and grommet insertion in the treatment for secretory otitis media in children].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;32(22):1723-1727

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Ear Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine on Ear and Nose diseases, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200092, China.

To compare adenoidectomy combined tympanocentesis, CO₂ laser tympanostomy and grommet insertion in the treatment for secretory otitis media (SOM) in children, and to provide basis for selection of surgical treatments. Four hundred and twenty-six ears in 244 children with adenoid hypertrophy and SOM were divided into 3 groups which were: group A, 80 cases (142 ears) were treated with adenoidectomy combined with tympanocentesis; group B, 86 cases (145 ears) were treated with adenoidectomy combined with CO₂ laser tympanostomy; group C, 78 cases (139 ears) were treated with adenoidectomy combined with grommet insertion. Endotoscopy, tympanometry and PTA (or ABR) were conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.22.010DOI Listing
November 2018

Distortion product otoacoustic emissions: Sensitive measures of tympanic -membrane perforation and healing processes in a gerbil model.

Hear Res 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Research Service, VA Loma Linda Healthcare System, Loma Linda, CA 92357, USA; Department of Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery, Loma Linda University Health, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA.

Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) evoked by two pure tones carry information about the mechanisms that generate and shape them. Thus, DPOAEs hold promise for providing powerful noninvasive diagnostic details of cochlear operations, middle ear (ME) transmission, and impairments. DPOAEs are sensitive to ME function because they are influenced by ME transmission twice, i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Bacterial causes of otitis media with spontaneous perforation of the tympanic membrane in the era of 13 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

PLoS One 2019 1;14(2):e0211712. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

ACTIV, Association Clinique et Thérapeutique Infantile du Val-de-Marne, Saint Maur-des-Fossés, France.

After pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) implementation, the number of acute otitis media (AOM) episodes has decreased, but AOM still remains among the most common diagnoses in childhood. From 2% to 17% of cases of AOM feature spontaneous perforation of the tympanic membrane (SPTM). The aim of this study was to describe the bacteriological causes of SPTM 5 to 8 years years after PCV13 implementation, in 2010. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211712PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358092PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Fabrication of levofloxacin polyethylene glycol decorated nanoliposomes for enhanced management of acute otitis media: Statistical optimization, trans-tympanic permeation and in vivo evaluation.

Int J Pharm 2019 Mar 23;559:201-209. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Acute otitis media (AOM), an infection in the middle ear, is usually treated through systemic administration of antibiotics because the stratum corneum of the intact tympanic-membrane (TM) possesses low permeability that holds against the ototopical antibiotics use. Therefore, the objective of this work was to encapsulate levofloxacin (LFX) into polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400) decorated nanoliposomes (PNLs) as an approach for drug delivery through the intact tympanic-membrane. LFX loaded-PNLs were primed by ethanol injection technique. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03785173193007
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.01.037DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Determinants of Failure in the Reconstruction of the Tympanic Membrane: A Case-Control Study.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov;30(101):341-346

Department of Bio.Ne.C, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: The recurrence rate after tympanoplasty is variable between 0% and 50%. The causes of failure may be different and frequently interrelated, making the surgical choice difficult and the prognosis not always favourable. In this study, we analysed recurrence rate and the possible causes of failure of tympanoplasty in the treatment of tympanic perforations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291817PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The prevalence of otitis media in 2-3 year old Cameroonian children estimated by tympanometry.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 6;115:181-187. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Epidemiology/Health Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland; National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Finland.

Background: Acute otitis media is a common illness in children under-five years of age and associated with major health care resources in high-income countries. However, there is paucity of data on its epidemiology and clinical presentation in low-income countries. We estimated the prevalence of otitis media and assessed risk factors among children in Cameroon. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.10.007DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Pilot Study Assessing the Feasibility and Clinical Outcomes of Office-Based Ossiculoplasty.

Authors:
Nael Shoman

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Jan 20;128(1):50-55. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

1 Division of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Dalhousie University, University Avenue Halifax, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Objectives:: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of ossiculoplasty under local anesthesia in an office setting without sedation.

Methods:: Between May 2017 and November 2017, patients who presented with conductive hearing loss and known isolated ossicular discontinuities were offered ossiculoplasty under local anesthesia. Inclusion criteria included age ⩾ 18 years, adequate transcanal access, and the ability to lie supine for up to 45 minutes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418806922DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Intratympanic dexamethasone for managing pregnant women with sudden hearing loss.

J Int Med Res 2019 Jan 17;47(1):377-382. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

ENT Institute, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect and safety of intratympanic dexamethasone in pregnant women with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL).

Methods: We performed a prospective study on pregnant women who suffered from ISSNHL and were treated in our clinic during 2016. The patients received intratympanic treatment three to four times a week. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060518802725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6384472PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Surgical Management for Dysplastic or Congenitally Absent Oval Window.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Dec;39(10):e1039-e1046

Otolaryngology/Facial Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, Farragut ENT and Allergy, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Objective: To evaluate surgical findings and hearing results for patient's undergoing the described surgical approach for congenitally absent or dysplastic oval window (OW).

Study Design: The Institutional Review Board approved retrospective review of patients with conductive hearing loss (CHL) operated on from 1992 to 2016.

Setting: Academic tertiary center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00129492-900000000-9659
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002001DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Surface Motion of Tympanic Membrane in a Chinchilla Model of Acute Otitis Media.

J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 6;19(6):619-635. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering Center, University of Oklahoma, 865 Asp Avenue, Room 200, Norman, OK, 73019, USA.

The conductive hearing loss caused by acute otitis media (AOM) is commonly related to a reduction of the tympanic membrane (TM) mobility in response to sound stimuli. However, spatial alterations of the TM surface motion associated with AOM have rarely been addressed. In this study, the TM surface motion was determined using scanning laser Doppler vibrometry (SLDV) in a chinchilla model of AOM. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10162-018-00683-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249160PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Effect of combination therapy with ceftizoxime and clotrimazole in the treatment of otomycosis.

Curr Med Mycol 2018 Mar;4(1):18-23

Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Roohani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background And Purpose: There are controversial findings regarding the efficacy of antifungal drugs in the treatment of a ruptured eardrum following fungal infections. Regarding this, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the co-administration of antifungal and antibacterial agents in the treatment of otomycosis with tympanic membrane perforation.

Materials And Methods: This analytical, clinical trial was conducted on 87 patients with otomycosis showing no bacterial elements in the direct observation and culture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/cmm.4.1.30DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101155PMC
March 2018
20 Reads

Proposal of a Treatment Strategy for Eosinophilic Otitis Media Based on Middle Ear Condition.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Sep;39(8):e671-e678

Department of Otolaryngology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Objective: We classified eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) into three grades (G1-G3) based on the middle ear mucosal thickness and aimed to establish a treatment strategy for EOM based on these pathological categories.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001912DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Microbial otitis media: recent advancements in treatment, current challenges and opportunities.

J Med Microbiol 2018 Oct 7;67(10):1417-1425. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

2​Department of Human and Molecular Genetics, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.

Otitis media (OM) is a common disease affecting humans, especially paediatric populations. OM refers to inflammation of the middle ear and can be broadly classified into two types, acute and chronic. Bacterial infection is one of the most common causes of OM. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000810DOI Listing
October 2018

Pattern of tympanic membrane perforation in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.

Niger J Clin Pract 2018 Aug;21(8):1044-1049

Department of ENT, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background/objectives: Tympanic membrane perforation is a common otological disorder with associated hearing impairment. This study aimed at determining the clinicoepidemiological pattern, etiological factors, clinical presentation, and management of tympanic membrane perforation in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: This was a prospective, hospital-based study of patients with the clinical finding of perforated tympanic membrane. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_380_17DOI Listing

Preliminary outcomes of endoscopic middle-ear surgery in 103 cases: a UK experience.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Jun;132(6):493-496

Department of Otolaryngology,University Hospital Monklands, NHS Lanarkshire,Airdrie,Scotland,UK.

Background: Totally endoscopic ear surgery and endoscope-assisted microsurgery are still new concepts, with relatively few centres in the UK performing them. Advantages include better visualisation of difficult to reach areas, such as the sinus tympani, and limited external incisions. This paper reports our short-term outcomes for endoscopic middle-ear surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118000695DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Influence of Vitamin D Deficiency on Progression of Experimental Otitis Media in Rats.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2018 Jun;33(2):296-304

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.

Background: Vitamin D plays an important role in the immune response against infection. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of vitamin D deficiency on the progression of otitis media (OM) using an experimental rat model.

Methods: Four-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=72) were divided into two groups based on their diet: a control diet group (n=36) and a vitamin D-deficient diet group (n=36). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2018.33.2.296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6021308PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Immediate effects of a rhino-pharyngeal clearance protocol in nasal obstruction and middle ear condition of children under 3 years of age with upper respiratory infections: A randomized controlled trial.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2018 Jun 8. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Intensive Care and Pediatric Service, Grand Hôpital de Charleroi - GHDC, Charleroi, Belgium.

Introduction And Objectives: Children up to 2 years old are at high risk of respiratory infections and nasal irrigation is often prescribed. Yet, to date there is no sufficient knowledge about its immediate effects on the nasopharynx and middle ear. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effect of a rhino-pharyngeal clearance intervention protocol on nasal obstruction and middle ear condition in children under 3 years of age with URTI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2018.03.004DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Isolation and antimicrobial drug susceptibility pattern of bacterial pathogens from pediatric patients with otitis media in selected health institutions, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a prospective cross-sectional study.

BMC Ear Nose Throat Disord 2018 24;18. Epub 2018 May 24.

3School of Nursing and Midwifery, Department of Pediatric Nursing, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O.BOX, 235 Harar, Ethiopia.

Background: Otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear and tympanic membrane, which often occurs after an acute upper respiratory tract infection. It is the most common episode of infection in children and the second most important cause of hearing loss affecting 1.23 billion people, thus ranked fifth global burden of disease with a higher incidence in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12901-018-0056-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968499PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

[Tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy for active otitis media].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Aug;31(16):1284-1287

Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai.

The study aims to assess the effect of tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy for the middle ear under different infected states.One hundred and thirteen cases (113 ears) with chronic otitis media (COM) received tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy. All the patients were found inflammatory proliferative lesions in the mastoid and tympanic antrum via CT scan before surgery and were followed up over 1 year. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2017.16.016DOI Listing
August 2017
1 Read

[The efficacy comparation of adenoidectomy with acupuncture and tympanonstomy in children secretory otitis media].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Mar;32(5):383-385

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical College, Guilin, 541001, China.

This study aims to the comparative study of AT+A (adenoidectomy with acupuncture) and AT+T (adenoidectomy with tympanonstomy tube) to monitor and compare the therapeutic effect and prognosis of secretory otitis media in children. The study make a summary and give the clinical suggestions as well.We collected and analyzed 280 outpatients of children secretory otitis media from March 2015 to March 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.05.016DOI Listing

[Different states of otitis media were retrospectively analyzed of myringoplasty].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Oct;31(19):1473-1477

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,EENT Hospital of Fudan University.

Through analysis of the tympanic membrane perforation rate and hearing improvement rate with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) by myringoplasty,to observe the effect of different preoperative conditions such as middle ear lesion,eustachian tube (ET) function and infection status on the postoperative curative effect.Retrospective analysis of EENT Hospital of Fudan University from January 2012 to November 2016 during the 203 cases (203 ears) with clinical data of myringoplasty: according to intraoperative exploration of the presence of purulent secretions in the tympanic cavity,divided into infection active group and infection quiescence group; according to the preoperative results of the function of ET with acoustic impedance test divided into dysfunction or good group; according to the preoperative temporal bone HRCT suggested that the middle ear (mastoid cells,tympanic antrum and tympanic cavity) with or without soft tissue density,divided into the group with no focal lesion and the group with focal lesion. Review endoscopy and pure tone audiometry after 3 to 6 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2017.19.003DOI Listing
October 2017
3 Reads

[Local combined with systemic glucocorticoid treatment of young and middle-aged patients with severe and profound hearing loss].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Apr;32(7):533-536

Department of Otolaryngology, Suzhou Kowloon Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Suzhou, 215000, China.

To investigate the clinical effect of local combined with systemic glucocorticoid injection on young and middle-aged patients with severe and profound hearing loss. Ninety-three cases of young and middle-aged patients with severe and profound hearing loss admitted to our hospital from May 2013 to May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the different treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.07.014DOI Listing

Aerobic bacteria associated with chronic suppurative otitis media in Angola.

Infect Dis Poverty 2018 May 3;7(1):42. Epub 2018 May 3.

Clinical Microbiology, Department of Translational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is an important cause of hearing loss in children and constitutes a serious health problem globally with a strong association to resource-limited living conditions. Topical antibiotics combined with aural toilet is the first-hand treatment for CSOM but antimicrobial resistance and limited availability to antibiotics are obstacles in some areas. The goal of this study was to define aerobic pathogens associated with CSOM in Angola with the overall aim to provide a background for local treatment recommendations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0422-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5932871PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Surgical management of spontaneous cerebrospinal fistulas and encephaloceles of the temporal bone.

Laryngoscope 2018 09 18;128(9):2170-2177. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: To describe the presentation, surgical findings, and outcomes in patients with spontaneous temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas and encephaloceles.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients treated for a spontaneous temporal bone CSF fistula and/or encephalocele over a 10-year period was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27208DOI Listing
September 2018
24 Reads

Direct Analysis of Pathogenic Structures Affixed to the Tympanic Membrane during Chronic Otitis Media.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jul 27;159(1):117-126. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

1 Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA.

Objective To characterize otitis media-associated structures affixed to the mucosal surface of the tympanic membrane (TM) in vivo and in surgically recovered in vitro samples. Study Design Prospective case series without comparison. Setting Outpatient surgical care center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818766320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6030439PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Pneumatic low-coherence interferometry otoscope to quantify tympanic membrane mobility and middle ear pressure.

Biomed Opt Express 2018 Feb 3;9(2):397-409. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Springfield Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Pneumatic otoscopy to assess the mobility of the tympanic membrane (TM) is a highly recommended diagnostic method of otitis media (OM), a widespread middle ear infection characterized by the fluid accumulation in the middle ear. Nonetheless, limited depth perception and subjective interpretation of small TM displacements have challenged the appropriate and efficient examination of TM dynamics experienced during OM. In this paper, a pneumatic otoscope integrated with low coherence interferometry (LCI) was adapted with a controlled pressure-generating system to record the pneumatic response of the TM and to estimate middle ear pressure (MEP). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.osapublishing.org/abstract.cfm?URI=boe-9-2-397
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/BOE.9.000397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5854046PMC
February 2018
12 Reads

Atypical presentation of aural tuberculosis with complication.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Mar 9;2018. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Tuberculosis involving mastoid and ear is an uncommon entity presenting with myriads of non-specific features and difficult to diagnose, being a paucibacillary condition. The involvement of otomastoid compartment is hypothesised to be of haematogenous origin. Rarely it can spread directly via tympanic membrane perforation or via reflux through eustachian tube. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-222482DOI Listing
March 2018
12 Reads

A randomized study of four different types of tympanostomy ventilation tubes - Full-term follow-up.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Apr 7;107:140-144. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Dept of Otorhinolaryngology, Västmanland County Hospital, Sweden; Centre for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Västmanland County Hospital, Västerås, Sweden; Dept of Otorhinolaryngology, Akershus University Hospital and University of Oslo, Campus Ahus, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of tympanostomy ventilation tube material (silicone vs fluoroplastic) and shape (short vs long) regarding time to extrusion, occurrence of otorrhea, occlusion, tube removal and occurrence of persistent perforation.

Methods And Material: Four different types of ventilation tubes were used; Long Armstrong tubes, Donaldson tubes, Shepard tubes and straight tubes, representing four specific combinations of VT material (silicone or fluoroplastic) and shape (short, double flanged or long, single flanged). Four hundred children scheduled for bilateral tube insertion were included in a randomized trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.02.012DOI Listing
April 2018
15 Reads

Etiology of Acute Otitis Media and Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates After Introduction of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Japanese Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2018 06;37(6):598-604

From the Department of Infectious Diseases, Keio University, School of Medicine.

Background: Acute otitis media is a leading cause of childhood morbidity and antibiotic prescriptions. We examined etiologic changes in acute otitis media after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine as routine immunization for Japanese children in 2014. Serotypes, resistance genotypes, antibiotic susceptibilities and multilocus sequence typing of pneumococcal isolates were also characterized. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006454-201806000-0002
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001956DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Microbiological Profile From Middle Ear And Nasopharynx In Patients Suffering From Chronic Active Mucosal Otitis Media.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2017 Oct-Dec;29(4):610-613

Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Background: Chronic otitis media is described as a tympanic membrane perforation and ear discharge for more than six weeks duration. Ascending infection from the nasopharynx into the middle ear cleft has been attributed to prevent resolution of chronic otitis media. This research aims to determine the association between the microbiological flora of the nasopharynx with that of the middle ear in patients suffering from chronic (active) mucosal otitis media. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2018
9 Reads

Noninvasive in vivo optical coherence tomography tracking of chronic otitis media in pediatric subjects after surgical intervention.

J Biomed Opt 2017 12;22(12):1-11

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Bioengineering, Urbana, Illinois, United States.

In an institutional review board-approved study, 25 pediatric subjects diagnosed with chronic or recurrent otitis media were observed over a period of six months with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Subjects were followed throughout their treatment at the initial patient evaluation and preoperative consultation, surgery (intraoperative imaging), and postoperative follow-up, followed by an additional six months of records-based observation. At each time point, the tympanic membrane (at the light reflex region) and directly adjacent middle-ear cavity were observed in vivo with a handheld OCT probe and portable system. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.12.121614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745859PMC
December 2017
46 Reads

Prevalence of chronic ear disease among HIV+ children in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Dec 19;103:133-136. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of chronic ear disease in HIV+, highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)-treated children and compare this to the prevalence in healthy children of similar age living in a similar setting.

Introduction: From previous clinical work in Ethiopia, we suspected that chronic middle ear disease was common both in the general pediatric population and especially among children with HIV/AIDS. Few studies have examined the prevalence of chronic ear disease in HIV + children, particularly in those treated with HAART. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.10.024DOI Listing
December 2017
15 Reads

Ear, nose and throat surgery: All you need to know about the surgical approach to the management of middle-ear effusions in Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenous children.

J Paediatr Child Health 2017 Nov;53(11):1060-1064

Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Otitis media (OM) is a common condition in Australia. It represents a spectrum of diseases from otitis media with effusion (OME) to chronic suppurative otitis media. For all the OM diagnoses, Australian Indigenous children have higher rates of early onset, severe and persistent disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.13757DOI Listing
November 2017
3 Reads

Correlation between sensorineural hearing loss and chronic otorrhea.

Ear Nose Throat J 2017 Oct-Nov;96(10-11):E43-E46

Santa Casa de Sao Paulo School of Medical Sciences, Rua Itapeva 366 cj 74, CEP 01332-000 - São Paulo, Brazil.

Many studies have attempted to correlate chronic otorrhea in children and in adults with the sensorineural hearing loss in the affected ear, with contradictory results. This loss might be the result of the likely toxicity of the bacteria involved, effects of inflammatory cytokines, or constant use of ototoxic antibiotics. All studies evaluated to date compared the affected ear with the normal contralateral ear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561317096010-1108DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Knowledge and care seeking practices for ear infections among parents of under five children in Kigali, Rwanda: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Ear Nose Throat Disord 2017 10;17. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Head and Neck Surgery & Communication Sciences, Duke University, Durham, USA.

Background: Infections affecting the middle ear are a common childhood occurrence. Some cases may present with ear discharge through a tympanic membrane perforation which may heal spontaneously. However, up to 5% or more cases of those affected have persistent ear discharge. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12901-017-0040-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5633896PMC
October 2017
13 Reads

Platelet-rich plasma myringoplasty: A new office procedure for the repair of small tympanic membrane perforations.

Ear Nose Throat J 2017 Aug;96(8):312-326

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Zagazig University Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig, Egypt.

We conducted a prospective study to assess the effectiveness of a platelet-rich plasma hourglass graft in the repair of small tympanic membrane perforations as an office-based procedure. Our study population was made up of 25 patients-10 men and 15 women, aged 19 to 45 years (mean: 30.4 ± 7. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014556131709600818DOI Listing
August 2017
13 Reads

Patulous Eustachian Tube Dysfunction: Patient Demographics and Comorbidities.

Otol Neurotol 2017 10;38(9):1362-1369

*Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland †Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: The objective is to describe a large cohort of patients presenting with patulous Eustachian tube (pET) dysfunction.

Study Design: Retrospective patient series.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001543DOI Listing
October 2017
119 Reads

Cochlear implant electrode array exposure: A delayed complication.

Ear Nose Throat J 2017 Jul;96(7):E40-E43

Department of Communication Disorders and Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Exposure of the cochlear implant electrode array as a late complication has been reported rarely in the literature. A retrospective analysis revealed 4 patients presenting with exposure of their cochlear implant electrode arrays from 2 to 17 years after implantation. Data collected from these 4 patients were surgical implantation approach, type of implant, age at implant, interval between implant and complication, surgical correction of the problem, pathology at the time of correction, and length of follow-up after intervention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014556131709600708DOI Listing
July 2017
10 Reads

Acute Otitis Media in Children.

Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov 2017 ;11(1):32-40

Department of Family Medicine, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta. Canada.

Background: Acute otitis media is a common childhood infection. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are very important.

Objective: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, complications and particularly treatment of acute otitis media in children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874609810666170712145332DOI Listing
November 2017
28 Reads

Role of Endoscopic Modified Inlay Butterfly Cartilage Perichondrium Myringoplasty in Hearing Outcome and Graft Uptake.

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2017 Jul-Sept.;15(59):197-202

Department of ENT-HNS, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal.

Background The endoscopes have better optics and magnification with wide angle of view due to angled lenses. It provides the excellent resolution of image in surgeries having many difficult anatomic nooks and corners like; antero-inferior recess of external auditory canal, middle ear cavity and difficult areas to visualize under microspore like sinus tympani. Likewise, the use of cartilage has very low metabolic rate, provide support to prevent retraction and reacts minimally to inflammatory reaction, so it has advantageous role in closure of tympanic membrane perforations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019
6 Reads

Quantitative Pneumatic Otoscopy Using a Light-Based Ranging Technique.

J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 2017 Aug 26;18(4):555-568. Epub 2017 Jun 26.

Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 405 N. Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA.

Otitis media is the leading cause of hearing loss in children. It is commonly associated with fluid in the ear, which can result in up to 45 dB of hearing loss for extended periods of time during a child's most important developmental years. Accurate assessment of middle ear effusions is an important part of understanding otitis media. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10162-017-0629-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5532187PMC
August 2017
7 Reads

Ototoxicity of boric acid powder in a rat animal model.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 May - Jun;84(3):332-337. Epub 2017 Apr 22.

GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Boric acid, which has antiseptic and acidic properties, is used to treat external and middle ear infections. However, we have not found any literature about the effect of boric acid powder on middle ear mucosa and inner ear.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate possible ototoxic effects of boric acid powder on cochlear outer hair cell function and histological changes in middle ear mucosa in a rat animal model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2017.03.010DOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads

Tubotympanic system functioning.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2017 May 29;134(3):177-184. Epub 2017 Apr 29.

Service ORL et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale, Hôpital Nord, CHU de Saint-Étienne, 42055 Saint-Étienne Cedex 2, France.

The Eustachian (auditory) tube and tympanomastoid cavities form an anatomic and functional whole that cannot easily be divided, and is therefore known as the "tubotympanic system". The system has been the focus of several studies, with complex and sometimes contradictory results, making an overview of its functioning difficult to obtain. The objective of the present article is to review the current state of knowledge, as an indispensable preliminary to understanding tubotympanic system dysfunction, and notably the development of chronic otitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2017.03.010DOI Listing
May 2017
7 Reads

Factors affecting sound energy absorbance in acute otitis media model of chinchilla.

Hear Res 2017 07 10;350:22-31. Epub 2017 Apr 10.

School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering Center, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA. Electronic address:

Acute otitis media (AOM) is a rapid-onset infection of the middle ear which results in middle ear pressure (MEP), middle ear effusion (MEE), and structural changes in middle ear tissues. Previous studies from our laboratory have identified that MEP, MEE, and middle ear structural changes are three factors affecting tympanic membrane (TM) mobility and hearing levels (Guan et al., 2014, 2013). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2017.04.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5504283PMC
July 2017
2 Reads

Myringoplasty Outcomes From the Swedish National Quality Registry.

Laryngoscope 2017 10 20;127(10):2389-2395. Epub 2017 Apr 20.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Objectives/hypothesis: Data from patients registered for myringoplasty during 2002 to 2012 in the Swedish National Quality Registry for Myringoplasty.

Study Design: Both conventional myringoplasty and fat-graft techniques were used aimed at healing the tympanic membrane in noninfected ears.

Methods: Analysis was performed on data in a national database collected from 32 ear, nose, and throat clinics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.26523
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.26523DOI Listing
October 2017
15 Reads