697 results match your criteria Middle Ear Tympanic Membrane Infections


Handheld Briefcase Optical Coherence Tomography with Real-Time Machine Learning Classifier for Middle Ear Infections.

Biosensors (Basel) 2021 May 3;11(5). Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

A middle ear infection is a prevalent inflammatory disease most common in the pediatric population, and its financial burden remains substantial. Current diagnostic methods are highly subjective, relying on visual cues gathered by an otoscope. To address this shortcoming, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been integrated into a handheld imaging probe. Read More

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Prevalence and characteristics of children with otitis media with effusion in Vietnam.

Vaccine 2021 05 13;39(19):2613-2619. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan.

Purpose: Otitis media with effusion (OME) commonly occurs and persists in young children. It can cause hearing impairment and damage to the tympanic membrane without treatment. We aimed to determine the prevalence and association of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the nasopharynx of healthy children before the introduction of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Read More

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Chronic otorrhoea, otalgia and hearing loss not responding to antibiotics and tympanoplasty surgery.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 2;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Otolaryngology, Kantonsspital Aarau AG, Aarau, Switzerland.

Chronic otorrhoea from a tympanic membrane perforation is common. We present the case of a patient who had already received seemingly adequate treatment for his condition in the past. Yet, he presented to our outpatient clinic with worsening otalgia and otorrhoea, progressive hearing loss and a new tympanic membrane perforation. Read More

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Comparison of graft uptake by underlay and overlay technique in myringoplasty.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2020 Oct-Dec;32(Suppl 1)(4):S640-S643

PIMS Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: About 80% of tympanic membrane tears consequential of middle ear infections or trauma restore spontaneously. Myringoplasty is the procedure to fix the perforation which fails to heal. It is of two types; overlay and underlay techniques. Read More

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[Transcanal endoscopic middle ear surgery in children with chronic suppurative otitis media].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2021 ;86(1):25-29

N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Otomicroscopic surgery remains the gold standard in the surgical treatment of patients with CHS. Endoscopic ear surgery is gaining more and more importance as an adjunct to microsurgery. Recently, thanks to the resolution of the endoscopic technique, endoscopic surgery can be used as an independent method. Read More

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Evaluation of Vibrant Soundbridge™ positioning and results with laser doppler vibrometry and the finite element model.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Mar 25;21(3):262. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, D-01307 Dresden, Germany.

The etiology of hearing loss originates from genetic factors and includes several other events including infections, working or living environment, as well as several endocrine and metabolic disorders. The Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) is an implantable hearing aid whose floating mass transducer (FMT) is attached to the long process of the incus. The device is used for pure sensorineural hearing loss with an intact middle ear. Read More

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Topical versus systemic antibiotics for chronic suppurative otitis media.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 02 9;2:CD013053. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), sometimes referred to as chronic otitis media (COM), is a chronic inflammation and often polymicrobial infection (involving more than one micro-organism) of the middle ear and mastoid cavity, characterised by ear discharge (otorrhoea) through a perforated tympanic membrane. The predominant symptoms of CSOM are ear discharge and hearing loss. Antibiotics are the most common treatment for CSOM, which act to kill or inhibit the growth of micro-organisms that may be responsible for the infection. Read More

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February 2021

In vivo dynamic characterization of the human tympanic membrane using pneumatic optical coherence tomography.

J Biophotonics 2021 Apr 18;14(4):e202000215. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA.

Decreased mobility of the human eardrum, the tympanic membrane (TM), is an essential indicator of a prevalent middle ear infection. The current diagnostic method to assess TM mobility is via pneumatic otoscopy, which provides subjective and qualitative information of subtle motion. In this study, a handheld spectral-domain pneumatic optical coherence tomography system was developed to simultaneously measure the displacement of the TM, air pressure inputs applied to a sealed ear canal, and to perform digital pneumatic otoscopy. Read More

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Otitis media in coronavirus disease 2019: a case series.

J Laryngol Otol 2021 Jan 7;135(1):10-13. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Otolaryngology, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Manifestations of the coronavirus disease 2019 in ENT include sore throat, rhinorrhoea, anosmia and dysgeusia. Whether coronavirus disease 2019 causes otitis media is not known.

Objective: To assess the presence of otitis media in a series of patients with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 and ENT symptoms. Read More

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January 2021

Molecular Screening Strategy to Identify a Non-invasive Delivery Mechanism for the Treatment of Middle Ear Disorders.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2020 18;7:503819. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Surgery/Otolaryngology, UCSD School of Medicine, San Diego, CA, United States.

Middle ear ailments include a broad range of pathological conditions. Otitis media is the leading middle ear disease of childhood, which incurs significant health care resources in developed countries and, in developing countries, causes significant mortality and morbidity. Recurrent and chronic infections of the middle ear lead to the prolonged presence of inflammatory factors and cellular infiltrates resulting in temporary hearing loss. Read More

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December 2020

Image-guided surgical navigation for bone-conduction hearing device implant placement.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Dec 29;139:110392. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, One Baylor Plaza Suite NA-102, Houston, TX, 77030, USA; Texas Children's Hospital, Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, 6701 Fannin St, Suite 640, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: For pediatric patients, bone-conduction hearing devices (BCHD) have demonstrated excellent outcomes. Unique to this population, BCHD implant surgeries can be technically challenging in children due to thinner, developing bone and syndromes with atypical anatomy. Image-guided surgical navigation (IGSN) clarifies underlying skull structure, potentially improving outcomes. Read More

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December 2020

Effectiveness of myringoplasty in patients with eosinophilic otitis media.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Jun 29;48(3):368-376. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Jichi Ika University Saitama Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology, 1-847 Amanuma, Saitama 330-8503, Japan.

Objective: To determine whether myringoplasty can be an effective tool to control eosinophilic otitis media and improve hearing.

Methods: Severity scores for patients with eosinophilic otitis media with or without myringoplasty were retrospectively analyzed. Surgical outcomes were assessed and compared to those of patients with control: chronic otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation. Read More

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Aural toilet (ear cleaning) for chronic suppurative otitis media.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 09 14;9:CD013057. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), sometimes referred to as chronic otitis media (COM), is a chronic inflammation and often polymicrobial infection (involving more than one micro-organism) of the middle ear and mastoid cavity, characterised by ear discharge (otorrhoea) through a perforated tympanic membrane. The predominant symptoms of CSOM are ear discharge and hearing loss. Aural toileting is a term describing a number of processes for manually cleaning the ear. Read More

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September 2020

Subjective Visual Vertical Testing in Patients With Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 11 23;163(5):1018-1024. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo/Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP/EPM), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the results of the subjective visual vertical test using the "bucket method" in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM).

Study Design: Cross-sectional, controlled study.

Setting: Outpatient otology clinic in a tertiary care hospital. Read More

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November 2020

OtoMatch: Content-based eardrum image retrieval using deep learning.

PLoS One 2020 15;15(5):e0232776. Epub 2020 May 15.

Center for Biomedical Informatics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America.

Acute infections of the middle ear are the most commonly treated childhood diseases. Because complications affect children's language learning and cognitive processes, it is essential to diagnose these diseases in a timely and accurate manner. The prevailing literature suggests that it is difficult to accurately diagnose these infections, even for experienced ear, nose, and throat (ENT) physicians. Read More

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Analysis on the correlation between Eustachian tube function and outcomes of type I tympanoplasty for chronic suppurative otitis media.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Aug 13;140(8):664-667. Epub 2020 May 13.

Medical School of Chinese PLA, Beijing, China.

The potential influence of Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) on the efficacy of tympanoplasty is controversial. This study aims to investigate the correlation between Eustachian tube function (ETF) and outcomes of type I tympanoplasty for chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). 53 patients with CSOM and receiving type I tympanoplasty were divided into a dysfunction group (Eustachian tube score; ETS ≤ 5points) and a normal group (ETS > 5 points) according to their preoperative ETS. Read More

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The evaluation of endoscopic cartilage myringoplasty to repair perforations with otomycosis.

Authors:
Zhengcai Lou

Am J Otolaryngol 2020 Jul - Aug;41(4):102493. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yiwu central Hospital, 699 jiangdong road, Yiwu city, 322000, Zhejiang province, China. Electronic address:

Objective: We evaluated the graft success rates and hearing gains of tympanic membrane (TM) perforations with otomycosis undergoing endoscopic cartilage myringoplasty and local applications of antimycotic cream.

Study Design: A prospective case series.

Materials And Methods: In total, 74 persistent perforations with otomycosis who underwent cartilage myringoplasty were included. Read More

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Automatic detection of tympanic membrane and middle ear infection from oto-endoscopic images via convolutional neural networks.

Neural Netw 2020 Jun 1;126:384-394. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, 7, Keunjaebong-gil, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 18450, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Convolutional neural networks (CNNs), a popular type of deep neural network, have been actively applied to image recognition, object detection, object localization, semantic segmentation, and object instance segmentation. Accordingly, the applicability of deep learning to the analysis of medical images has increased. This paper presents a novel application of state-of-the-art CNN models, such as DenseNet, to the automatic detection of the tympanic membrane (TM) and middle ear (ME) infection. Read More

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[Paracentez].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2020 ;85(1):79-82

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Department of Otolaryngology of Pediatric Faculty, Moscow, Russia, 117997.

In this article, we present the analysis of the data of the specialized literature and the results of our own observations on the use of paracentesis in the treatment of acute suppurative otitis media. We highlight a method for diagnosing acute otitis media, which makes it possible to determine the rational algorithm of treating this disease - digital videootoscopy. Common methods of procedures aimed at draining the tympanum in acute purulent otitis media, such as tympanic membrane puncture, myringotomy, tympanostomy, tympanocentesis, and the differential approach to these methods of surgical treatment of the disease are discussed. Read More

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The outcomes of endoscopic myringoplasty: packing with gelatin sponge versus packing with nothing.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Apr 21;140(4):292-296. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

ENT Institute and Otorhinolaryngology Department, Affiliated Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University and Key Laboratory of Hearing Medicine of National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC), Shanghai, China.

Packing with gelatin sponge has long been widely used in myringoplasty. However, there is no research on packing with nothing. To analyse the differences between packing with gelatin sponge and packing with nothing. Read More

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Preparing the surgical area for non-shaved ear surgery: a clinical assessment.

J Wound Care 2020 Jan;29(1):68-72

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, 271 Cheonbo-ro, Uijeongbu, Gyeonggi-do, 11765, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To review the clinical experience for non-shaved middle ear/mastoid surgery and evaluate the proper method of preparing the postauricular surgical field.

Methods: This retrospective study reviewed medical records of cases where the non-shaved surgical procedure was carried out for middle ear/mastoid diseases. In all cases, middle ear and mastoid surgery was performed by one otologic surgeon without hair shaving to treat chronic perforation of tympanic membrane, as well as chronic suppurative otitis media, with or without mastoiditis during two years. Read More

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January 2020

[Clinical features of occult mastoiditis complicated with periphlcbitis of sigmoid sinus in children].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Dec;33(12):1158-1162

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,National Center for Children's Health,Beijing Children's Hospital,Capital Medical University.

To investigate the clinical characteristics and principle of treatment of occult mastoiditis accompanied with periphlcbitis of sigmoid sinus in pediatrics. Four cases, with a short-time acute otitis media history, complained of headache / retroauricular pain, with papillary swelling, diagnosed as occult mastoiditis accompanied with periphlcbitis of sigmoid sinus according to the results of the temporal bone CT and MR. All of them had normal tympanic membrane, normal pure tone threshold, but type B tympanogram. Read More

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December 2019

Topical antiseptics for chronic suppurative otitis media.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 Jan 6;1:CD013055. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, 15 Hospital Avenue, Perth, Western Australia, Australia, 6009.

Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), sometimes referred to as chronic otitis media (COM), is a chronic inflammation and infection of the middle ear and mastoid cavity, characterised by ear discharge (otorrhoea) through a perforated tympanic membrane. The predominant symptoms of CSOM are ear discharge and hearing loss. Topical antiseptics, one of the possible treatments for CSOM, inhibit the micro-organisms that may be responsible for the infection. Read More

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January 2020

Antibiotics versus topical antiseptics for chronic suppurative otitis media.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 01 6;1:CD013056. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, 15 Hospital Avenue, Perth, Western Australia, Australia, 6009.

Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), sometimes referred to as chronic otitis media (COM), is a chronic inflammation and infection of the middle ear and mastoid cavity, characterised by ear discharge (otorrhoea) through a perforated tympanic membrane. The predominant symptoms of CSOM are ear discharge and hearing loss. Antibiotics and antiseptics kill or inhibit the micro-organisms that may be responsible for the infection. Read More

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January 2020

Panel 1: Biotechnology, biomedical engineering and new models of otitis media.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Mar 27;130 Suppl 1:109833. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samson Assuta Ashdod University Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences Ben Gurion University, Ashdod, Israel. Electronic address:

Objective: To summarize recently published key articles on the topics of biomedical engineering, biotechnology and new models in relation to otitis media (OM).

Data Sources: Electronic databases: PubMed, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Library and Clinical Evidence (BMJ Publishing).

Review Methods: Articles on biomedical engineering, biotechnology, material science, mechanical and animal models in OM published between May 2015 and May 2019 were identified and subjected to review. Read More

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Topical antibiotics for chronic suppurative otitis media.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020 01 2;1:CD013051. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Department of Otolaryngology, Eastern Road, Brighton, UK, BN2 5BE.

Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), sometimes referred to as chronic otitis media (COM), is a chronic inflammation and often polymicrobial infection (involving more than one micro-organism) of the middle ear and mastoid cavity, characterised by ear discharge (otorrhoea) through a perforated tympanic membrane. The predominant symptoms of CSOM are ear discharge and hearing loss. Topical antibiotics, the most common treatment for CSOM, act to kill or inhibit the growth of micro-organisms that may be responsible for the infection. Read More

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January 2020

Middle Ear Effusion in Children With Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2020 04;39(4):273-276

Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.

Background: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is well described in children with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, but limited data are available on middle ear effusion (MEE) occurrence in this population. We assessed the prevalence of MEE and the degree of transient hearing change associated with MEE among children with congenital CMV infection.

Methods: Children with congenital CMV infection enrolled in a longitudinal study received hearing and tympanometric testing during scheduled follow-up visits annually up to 6 years of age. Read More

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Prevalence of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children with Hearing Loss.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Nov 26;71(Suppl 2):1276-1281. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of ENT, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, punjab, India.

Otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear cleft, with or without intact tympanic membrane. Otitis media is known to be one of the most common childhood infections. Middle ear effusions have been recognized to grab increasing attention because of the problems they pose in both the diagnosis and the treatment, and because of the fear that effusion is the cause of learning difficulties, irreversible middle ear disease, or both. Read More

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November 2019

Functional assessment of moisture influenced cadaveric tympanic membrane using phase shift-resolved optical Doppler vibrography.

J Biophotonics 2020 02 19;13(2):e201900202. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

School of Electronics Engineering, College of IT Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

An elevated relative moisture in the external ear canal and middle ear cavity may predispose to chronic otorrhea and related infections along with abnormal tympanic membrane (TM) vibration patterns. Therefore, phase shift-resolved optical Doppler vibrography (ODV) was used for vibration assessments of moisture influenced cadaveric TM. ODV was applied to generate time resolved cross-sectional and volumetric vibrographs of a cadaveric TM, driven acoustically at several frequencies. Read More

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February 2020