9,959 results match your criteria Metastatic Carcinoma of the Skin

Avelumab and cetuximab as a therapeutic combination: An overview of scientific rationale and current clinical trials in cancer.

Cancer Treat Rev 2021 Mar 2;97:102172. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Medical Oncology, Department of Precision Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.

Treatment outcomes have improved with the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors and small molecule inhibitors. However, many patients do not respond with single agents. Consequently, ongoing research is focused on the use of combination therapies to increase clinical efficacy by potential synergistic effects. Read More

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Expression of p40 in Primary Cutaneous Mucinous Carcinoma Versus Primary Mucinous Carcinomas of the Breast and Colon.

Am J Dermatopathol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR; J. Chung's work was performed while at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA; and Departments of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology, and Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: The transcription factor p63 is a homolog of p53, expressed in basal layers of epithelia and myoepithelial cells. Some studies have suggested that p63 may provide utility in differentiating primary versus metastatic mucinous carcinoma of the skin, given its preferential expression in primary adnexal neoplasms. There have been few studies investigating the expression patterns of p40, an isoform of p63, in primary cutaneous mucinous carcinomas. Read More

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Metastatic Carcinoma of Prostate as a Mimicker of SAPHO Syndrome.

Clin Med Res 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Laboratory medicine and Hemato-pathology, Mayo Clinic Health System, Eau Claire, WI 54702.

Paraneoplastic arthritides are a group of immune mediated inflammatory arthropathies associated with occult or manifest malignancy. Musculoskeletal spread of an underlying malignancy may also mimic many rheumatologic conditions. Distinguishing primary rheumatologic condition from paraneoplastic arthritides versus direct musculoskeletal spread of malignancy can be challenging especially in individuals with prior history of cancer and new musculoskeletal complaints. Read More

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Malignancies requiring temporal bone resection: An Australian single-institution experience.

ANZ J Surg 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Queensland Skull Base Unit and Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Malignancies in and around the temporal bone are aggressive and difficult to manage. In Queensland (Australia), where skin cancer rates are exceedingly high, tumours extending to the temporal bone from surrounding structures occur more commonly than primary cancers. Yet, a paucity of evidence exists as to their management and outcomes. Read More

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Optimization of PhysicoChemical Parameters for Production of Cytotoxic Secondary Metabolites and Apoptosis Induction Activities in the Culture Extract of a Marine Algal-Derived Endophytic Fungus sp.

Front Pharmacol 2021 26;12:542891. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

The endophytic fungal community in the marine ecosystem has been demonstrated to be relevant source of novel and pharmacologically active secondary metabolites. The current study focused on the evaluation of cytotoxic and apoptosis induction potential in the culture extracts of endophytic fungi associated with , a marine brown alga. The cytotoxicity of the four marine endophytes, sp. Read More

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Sister Mary Joseph Nodules: A Case Report about a Rare Location of Skin Metastasis.

Case Rep Oncol 2021 Jan-Apr;14(1):664-670. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Jean Perrin, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Umbilical skin metastases (or Sister Mary Joseph nodules) are rare. Their presence typically indicates the late manifestation of deep-seated abdominopelvic malignancy. They occur mainly in gynecological cancers, and gastrointestinal cancers in men. Read More

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Bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation with multifocal diffuse integumentary melanocytic proliferation paraneoplastic syndrome: A case report.

Australas J Dermatol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Dermatology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation (B-DUMP) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome typically presenting with bilateral visual loss. B-DUMP is associated with extraocular systemic malignancies with the most common being lung cancer in males and uro-gynaecological cancer in females (mainly ovarian cancer). Cutaneous and/or mucosal involvement in patients with B-DUMP has been reported but it is not well characterised. Read More

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Thymic Carcinoma with Multiple Paraneoplastic Disorders.

Am J Med Sci 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

2(nd) Academic Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hippokration General Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

Thymic neoplasms are rare and may run an indolent course. Among them, thymic epithelial carcinoma is exceptional as it may be presented with extensive local invasion and distant metastases. There is a wide spectrum of autoimmune/paraneoplastic syndromes associated with thymic tumors including autoimmune diseases, some of which may precede the diagnosis of thymoma. Read More

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Metastasectomy of Sequential Asynchronous Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma to the Pancreas, Thyroid, Skin, Contralateral Kidney, and Lung with Cumulative Survival Beyond 10 Years: A Case Report and Clinicopathologic Review.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 6;22:e931696. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Urology, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND One-third of renal cell carcinoma cases present with an initial metastasis to various organs, emphasizing the tumor's unpredictable behavior. Prognosis is poor once metastasis is discovered. Multiple-organ involvement with metastatic lesions has a particularly dismal survival rate. Read More

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Adipophilin expression in skin lesions with clear cell histology.

J Clin Pathol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China

Aims: Clear cells formed due to depositions of glycogen or lipids in the cytoplasm commonly occur in various tissues. Adipophilin (ADP), a lipid regulatory protein, is closely related to lipid droplets. This study aims to examine adipophilin expression in clear cells of various skin lesions. Read More

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Cutaneous Lesion of the Nose as Initial Presentation of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma.

Anticancer Res 2021 May;41(5):2485-2488

Division of Medical Oncology, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.

Background/aim: Cutaneous manifestations of disease are exceedingly rare and commonly overlooked in clinical practice. Allergies or contact dermatitis, autoimmune disease or skin cancer are the most common conditions typically associated with skin lesions. Rarely, cutaneous lesions may be the first sign of internal malignancy, or even resemble recurrent disease in those with history of cancer. Read More

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Primary squamous cell carcinoma, breast: A challenging diagnosis.

Cancer Rep (Hoboken) 2021 May 5:e1391. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Endocrine surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India.

Background: Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the breast is an extremely rare malignancy constituting less than 0.1% of all breast cancers with very few cases reported in literature. It is an aggressive, triple-hormone negative tumor, and its appropriate management is still debated. Read More

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Enhanced performance of gelatin 5-fluorouracil-containing nanoparticles against squamous cell carcinoma in simulated chronic wounds conditions.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 May 24;124:112073. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Departament de Bioquímica i Fisiologia-Secció de Fisiologia, Facultat de Farmàcia i Ciències de l'Alimentació, Universitat de Barcelona, Avda. Joan XXIII 27-31, 08028 Barcelona, Spain; Institut de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia-IN2UB, Universitat de Barcelona, Avda. Joan XXIII 27-31, 08028, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Chronic wounds are considered a silent epidemic affecting a significant fraction of the World population. Their treatment supposes a large fraction of the public spending on the health of developed countries. In chronic wounds secondary to burns, trauma, UV light radiation, and diabetes, among others, the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been reported. Read More

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Delayed Response After Confirmed Progression (DR) and Other Unique Immunotherapy-Related Treatment Concepts in Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 15;11:656611. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Medical Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Non-melanoma skin cancers are one of the most common cancers diagnosed worldwide, with the highest incidence in Australia and New Zealand. Systemic treatment of locally advanced and metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas has been revolutionized by immune checkpoint inhibition with PD-1 blockade. We highlight treatment issues distinct to the management of the disease including expansion of the traditional concept of pseudoprogression and describe delayed responses after immune-specific response criteria confirmed progressive disease with and without clinical deterioration. Read More

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A lobulated mass on the upper back with prominent vasculature: A giant basal cell carcinoma.

Dermatol Reports 2021 Mar 7;13(1):9046. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Dermatology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is characterized by slow but locally invasive growth. Although there is low metastatic potential, if not treated early, these skin cancers can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. In this case report, we present a man with a neglected BCC that developed into what is termed a giant BCC or one that is greater than 5 cm. Read More

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Interdigitating Dendritic Cell Tumor of Submandibular Lymph Node: Case Report and Literature Review.

Iran J Pathol 2021 21;16(2):237-242. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Department of Pathology, Cancer Institute, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are key arms of immune system, which act in antigen presenting processes, and are considered as a bridge between innate and adaptive immune responses. DCs are found in both lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs. They are called interdigitating dendritic cells (IDCs) in secondary lymphoid organs. Read More

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December 2020

Non-Small Cell Carcinoma-Not Otherwise Specified on Cytology Specimens in Patients with Solitary Pulmonary Lesion: Primary Lung Cancer or Metastatic Cancer?

J Cytol 2021 Jan-Mar;38(1):8-13. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Pathology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Context: Subtyping of solitary pulmonary lesion (SPL) in small amount of cytology specimen using a limited panel of immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers is very important to the correct choice of treatment. This study was performed to categorize non-small cell carcinoma-not otherwise specified (NSCC-NOS) on cytology in patients with SPL, especially with regard to the incidence of metastatic cancer.

Materials And Methods: We reviewed 91 cases, in which a precise morphology-based, lineage-specific IHC-aided subtyping was not possible, that qualified as NSCC-NOS on cytology. Read More

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January 2021

Metabolically Supported Chemotherapy for Managing End-Stage Breast Cancer: A Complete and Durable Response.

Cureus 2021 Apr 26;13(4):e14686. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Biology, Boston College, Boston, USA.

Breast cancer accounts for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Currently, treatment options in metastatic breast cancer consist of chemotherapy, along with endocrine, radiation, and/or biological therapies. Although advances in management have improved overall survival times, the treatment options for women with end-stage disease are mostly limited to supportive care. Read More

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Small Molecules in the Treatment of Squamous Cell Carcinomas: Focus on Indirubins.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 7;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Clinic and Policlinic for Dermatology and Venereology, University Medical Center Rostock, 18057 Rostock, Germany.

Skin cancers are the most common malignancies in the world. Among the most frequent skin cancer entities, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) ranks second (~20%) after basal cell carcinoma (~77%). In early stages, a complete surgical removal of the affected tissue is carried out as standard therapy. Read More

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[Clinicopathological features and prognosis of nodal nevi].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 May;50(5):494-499

Department of Pathology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center; Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University; Institute of Pathology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, differential diagnosis and prognosis of nodal nevi (NN). Eighteen cases of NN diagnosed at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China from 2009 to 2019 were collected. The clinicopathological characteristics and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Non-melanoma skin cancer activity during the COVID-19 pandemic- A single UK tertiary centre experience.

JPRAS Open 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Addenbrooke's Hospital,Hills Road, Cambridge CB20QQ, United Kingdom.

The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, also known as COVID-19, has generated shockwaves in medical and surgical practice. It has necessitated re-deployment of staff and resources to cater for the unpredictable increase in footfall and demand on healthcare systems. This study aimed to investigate how the restructuring of our service altered the triage and management of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) during the pandemic's first wave rise and peak. Read More

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Low-Dose Acitretin for Secondary Prevention of Keratinocyte Carcinomas in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients.

Dermatology 2021 Apr 26:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Division of Dermatology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petah-Tiqva, Israel.

Background: Keratinocyte carcinomas, particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), occur more frequently and aggressively in solid-organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) than in the general population. Systemic retinoids are effective in secondary prevention of keratinocyte carcinomas in this population, but their use is limited by adverse effects including a rebound effect in cases of treatment discontinuation.

Objective: Our aim was to determine whether low-dose acitretin is efficient in the secondary prevention of keratinocyte carcinomas in SOTRs. Read More

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Vulvar Crohn disease: Diagnostic challenges and approach to therapy.

Int J Womens Dermatol 2020 Dec 17;6(5):390-394. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, United States.

Crohn disease (CD) may be complicated by contiguous, metastatic, or associated inflammatory cutaneous lesions. Vulvar CD is a rare phenomenon characterized by granulomatous genital inflammation that occurs independently from fistulizing CD. Left untreated, vulvar CD can result in debilitating lymphedema, disfiguring anatomic changes, secondary abscesses, cellulitis, and squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

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December 2020

A modified method for upper eyelid reconstruction with innervated orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flaps and lower lip mucosal grafts.

JPRAS Open 2021 Jun 24;28:131-139. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Plastic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Osaka National Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Numerous reports have described methods for repairing full-thickness upper eyelid defects using lower eyelid tissue. To avoid sacrificing the lower eyelid and thereby prevent lower eyelid sagging or dysfunction, we used innervated orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flaps harvested from the upper eyelid for upper eyelid reconstruction.

Methods: We modified a method reported by Moschella and Cordova for repairing full-thickness upper eyelid defects using innervated bipedicled orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flaps mobilized from the upper eyelid and labial mucosal grafts. Read More

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MBNL1 Suppressed Cancer Metastatic of Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma Via by TIAL1/MYOD1/Caspase-9/3 Signaling Pathways.

Technol Cancer Res Treat 2021 Jan-Dec;20:1533033820960755

Department of Pathology, Wuhan Central Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.

Objective: The incidence of skin squamous cell carcinoma (SSCC) has recently been increasing, with diverse clinical manifestations.SSCC could metastasize to lymph nodes or other organs, posing a great threat to life. The present study was designed to investigate the function and underlying mechanism of muscleblind-like protein 1 (MBNL1) in skin squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

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Computed tomography-guided biopsy of radiologically unclear lesions in advanced skin cancer: A retrospective analysis of 47 cases.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Apr 22;150:119-129. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany; German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research, Partner Site University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Background: Radiological imaging such as computed tomography (CT) is used frequently for disease staging and therapy monitoring in advanced skin cancer patients. Detected lesions of unclear dignity are a common challenge for treating physicians. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and outcome of CT-guided biopsy (CTGB) of radiologically unclear, suspicious lesions and to depict its usefulness in different clinical settings. Read More

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Exploring the dermotoxicity of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol: combined morphologic and proteomic profiling of human epidermal cells reveals alteration of lipid biosynthesis machinery and membrane structural integrity relevant for skin barrier function.

Arch Toxicol 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Food Chemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währingerstr. 38-40, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin, DON) is a secondary metabolite produced by Fusarium spp. fungi and it is one of the most prevalent mycotoxins worldwide. Crop infestation results not only in food and feed contamination, but also in direct dermal exposure, especially during harvest and food processing. Read More

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Merkel cell polyomavirus infection induces an antiviral innate immune response in human dermal fibroblasts.

J Virol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) infects most of the human population asymptomatically, but in rare cases leads to a highly aggressive skin cancer called Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). MCC incidence is much higher in aging and immunocompromised populations. The epidemiology of MCC suggests that dysbiosis between the host immune response and the MCPyV infectious cycle could contribute to the development of MCPyV-associated MCC. Read More

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Survival predictors and outcomes of patients with recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck cancer treated with chemotherapy plus cetuximab as first-line therapy: A real-world retrospective study.

Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 Apr 14;27:100375. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Instituto Português de Oncologia de Coimbra Francisco Gentil Av. Prof. Dr. Bissaya Barreto n.º 98, 3000-075 Coimbra Portugal.

Background: In patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC) the estimated prognosis is usually poor. Patient-specific factors that affect prognosis should be considered when choosing therapy. We conducted a retrospective, single-center analysis in patients treated with first line platinum and antiEGFR antibody-containing regimen. Read More

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Secretory carcinoma of the skin with lymph node metastases and recurrence in both lungs: A case report.

J Cutan Pathol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Pathology, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

Secretory carcinoma of the skin is an extremely rare adnexal tumor, histopathologically identical to homologous lesions in the salivary glands and breast tissue. Although this tumor was previously reported as indolent, we report a case of secretory carcinoma of the skin with metastases and recurrence. The patient, a 31-year-old women, had a subcutaneous mass in the right axilla. Read More

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