3,809 results match your criteria Metabolic Neuropathy

Major osteoporosis fracture prediction in type 2 diabetes: a derivation and comparison study.

Osteoporos Int 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Shanghai Institute of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

The widely recommended fracture prediction tool FRAX was developed based on and for the general population. Although several adjusted FRAX methods were suggested for type 2 diabetes (T2DM), they still need to be evaluated in T2DM cohort.

Introduction: This study was undertaken to develop a prediction model for Chinese diabetes fracture risk (CDFR) and compare its performance with those of FRAX. Read More

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Monosodium Glutamate-Induced Mouse Model With Unique Diabetic Retinal Neuropathy Features and Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Quantitative Evaluation.

Front Immunol 2022 27;13:862702. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

National Clinical Research Centre for Chinese Medicine Cardiology, Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objective: To establish an artificial intelligence-based method to quantitatively evaluate subtle pathological changes in retinal nerve cells and synapses in monosodium glutamate (MSG) mice and provide an effective animal model and technique for quantitative evaluation of retinal neurocytopathies.

Methods: ICR mice were subcutaneously injected with MSG to establish a model of metabolic syndrome. We then established a mouse model of type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and KKAy mouse model as control. Read More

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Influence of Tangeretin on the Exponential Regression of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Nephropathy.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Kidney Disease Unit & Dialysis, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, No. 105, Jiefang Road, Jinan City, Shandong, 250013, China.

Diabetes is an amalgamation of metabolic disorders marked by hyperglycemia. Over time diabetes brings up several other complications with it like cardiovascular disease, retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy. among which diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the one we are concerned about in the present study. Read More

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Serine Metabolism in Health and Disease and as a Conditionally Essential Amino Acid.

Milan Holeček

Nutrients 2022 May 9;14(9). Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University, Šimkova 870, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

L-serine plays an essential role in a broad range of cellular functions including protein synthesis, neurotransmission, and folate and methionine cycles and synthesis of sphingolipids, phospholipids, and sulphur containing amino acids. A hydroxyl side-chain of L-serine contributes to polarity of proteins, and serves as a primary site for binding a phosphate group to regulate protein function. D-serine, its D-isoform, has a unique role. Read More

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Dilated-Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy in a Pediatric Case with Compound Heterozygous Variants.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 May 6;23(9). Epub 2022 May 6.

Aix Marseille University, INSERM, Marseille Medical Genetics, U1251 Marseille, France.

Left Ventricular Non-Compaction (LVNC) is defined by the triad prominent myocardial trabecular meshwork, thin compacted layer, and deep intertrabecular recesses. LVNC associated with dilation is characterized by the coexistence of left ventricular dilation and systolic dysfunction. Pediatric cases with dilated-LVNC have worse outcomes than those with isolated dilated cardiomyopathy and adult patients. Read More

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Latrophilin-2 is a novel receptor of LRG1 that rescues vascular and neurological abnormalities and restores diabetic erectile function.

Exp Mol Med 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Center for Biomolecular and Cellular Structure, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Daejeon, 34126, Republic of Korea.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by inappropriate hyperglycemia, which causes endothelial dysfunction and peripheral neuropathy, ultimately leading to multiple complications. One prevalent complication is diabetic erectile dysfunction (ED), which is more severe and more resistant to treatment than nondiabetic ED. The serum glycoprotein leucine-rich ɑ-2-glycoprotein 1 (LRG1) is a modulator of TGF-β-mediated angiogenesis and has been proposed as a biomarker for a variety of diseases, including DM. Read More

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Corneal confocal microscopy identifies small nerve fibre damage in patients with hypertriglyceridemia.

J Clin Lipidol 2022 Apr 30. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

NIHR/Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, Manchester, UK (Drs D'Onofrio, Ferdousi, Kalteniece, and Soran); Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Peter Mount Building, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK (Drs Ferdousi, Kalteniece, Iqbal, and Soran). Electronic address:

Background: Hypertriglyceridemia has been identified as a risk factor for diabetic neuropathy.

Objective: Patients with hypertriglyceridemia underwent assessment of neuropathy and corneal confocal microscopy.

Methods: 24 patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia defined as a triglyceride level more than 5. Read More

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[Metabolomics in Diabetic Neuropathy].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2022 Apr;44(2):313-317

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China.

Diabetic neuropathy is a common diabetic complication.The application of metabolomics in the research on diabetic neuropathy is beneficial for us to understand the pathophysiological processes and overall metabolic disturbance of the nervous system under the condition of hyperglycemia,decipher the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy,and mine the potential biomarkers for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Long-term hyperglycemia may lead to disorders in multiple pathways,such as tricarboxylic acid circle,amino acid metabolism,and lipid metabolism. Read More

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Retinal neurodegeneration in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without diabetic retinopathy.

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) 2022 Apr 2;97(4):205-218. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Grupo de investigación Miguel Servet Oftalmología (GIMSO), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón (IIS Aragón), Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

In diabetes mellitus (DM) patients retinal complications were typically considered part of a vascular process. Recent research suggests that retinal degeneration in DM might also be caused by a neuropathy that could precede microvascular alterations. The present work reviews the currently available bibliography about neurodegeneration in patients with type 2 DM (DM2) without diabetic retinopathy (DR). Read More

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Acute Intermittent Porphyria in Prepubertal Child-diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges in India: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Indian J Crit Care Med 2022 Mar;26(3):390-394

Department of Pediatrics, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Kalawati Saran Children Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is autosomal dominant metabolic disorder of adulthood with limited case reports in children. Literature review from Western countries shows that most children present with non-specific gastrointestinal and neuropsychiatric symptoms with no family history. Moreover, the attacks are recurrent and precipitated by various factors (drugs/infection). Read More

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Relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and distal-symmetric diabetic polyneuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus referred to Kosar Hospital in Semnan and related indicators in 2019-2020.

J Family Med Prim Care 2022 Apr 18;11(4):1361-1368. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Introduction: Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic diseases and one of its important complications is diabetic neuropathy. Due to the relationship between diabetes and thyroid disorders, the present study was performed to determine the association between subclinical hypothyroidism and end-stage diabetic polyneuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Materials And Methods: In this descriptive, analytical study, 154 patients with type 2 diabetes referred to Kosar Hospital in Semnan were evaluated. Read More

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The ocular surface and diabetes, the other 21st Century epidemic.

Exp Eye Res 2022 May 1;220:109099. Epub 2022 May 1.

Cornea and External Eye Disease Service, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore; Ocular Surface Research Group, Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore; Eye-Academic Clinical Program, Duke-National University of Singapore, Singapore; Department of Ophthalmology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by sustained hyperglycemia, potentially leading to life-threatening health problems. While the complication of diabetic retinopathy has been extensively studied, less attention has been given to the impact of diabetes on ocular surface health. In fact diabetic keratopathy is potentially sight-threatening and may also provide diagnostic and management cues for other diabetic systemic complications. Read More

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The Presence of Clonal Hematopoiesis Is Negatively Associated with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 2 Diabetes.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2022 Apr 25;37(2):243-248. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) has been reported to be associated with increased cardiovascular disease, aging and insulin resistance. Despite the debate of causal contribution of CHIP on metabolic diseases, we want to explore whether CHIP is related to diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

Methods: This study analyzed the prevalence of CHIP in patients with type 2 diabetes classified according to DPN status. Read More

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Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy in Type 1 Diabetes Is Associated With Disturbances in TCA, Lipid, and Glucose Metabolism.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 14;13:831793. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Complications Research, Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.

Introduction: Diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. To explore metabolic mechanisms associated with CAN we investigated associations between serum metabolites and CAN in persons with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Materials And Methods: Cardiovascular reflex tests (CARTs) (heart rate response to: deep breathing; lying-to-standing test; and the Valsalva maneuver) were used to diagnose CAN in 302 persons with T1D. Read More

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Association between Dietary Inflammatory Index Scores and Diabetes Sensorimotor Polyneuropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Case-Control Study.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 21;2022:2661649. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Diabetes sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) is a common complication of diabetes. Diet has been previously related to DSPN. However, no studies have investigated the relationship between the inflammatory potential of the whole diet and DSPN. Read More

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Diabetic foot ulcer in Southern Jordan: A cross-sectional Study of Clinical and Microbiological Aspects.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Apr 2;76:103552. Epub 2022 Apr 2.

Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Mu'tah University, Kerak, 61710, Jordan.

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common metabolic disorder that significantly affects public health. Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of the serious complications of diabetes. DFU has a wide spectrum of bacterial isolates comprising Gram-positive, Gram-negative, aerobic bacteria and anaerobes. Read More

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Aging-Related Vascular Inflammation: Giant Cell Arteritis and Neurological Disorders.

Front Aging Neurosci 2022 12;14:843305. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Clinical Immunology, Osaka Metropolitan University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Aging is characterized by the functional decline of the immune system and constitutes the primary risk factor for infectious diseases, cardiovascular disorders, cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders. Blood vessels are immune-privileged sites and consist of endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, fibroblasts, and pericytes, among others. Aging also termed senescence inevitably affects blood vessels, making them vulnerable to inflammation. Read More

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[Analysis of 6 cases with hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome and literature review].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2022 May;60(5):457-461

Department of Pediatrics, Jinshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201508, China.

To explore the clinical features of hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS). The clinical data of 6 hepatocerebral MDS patients diagnosed in the Jinshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2012 to December 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Related literature published before January 2020 were searched with the key words of "DGUOK""MPV17""POLG""C10orf2" in PubMed, China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang database. Read More

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[Small fiber neuropathy diagnosis].

Rev Med Suisse 2022 Apr;18(779):803-807

Centre de référence pour les maladies neuromusculaires AOC, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, 1 Pl. Alexis-Ricordeau, 44000 Nantes, France.

Small fiber neuropathies affect small, poorly myelinated sensory Aδ and amyelinated C autonomic fibers. Neuropathic pain is often the main symptom. Positive diagnosis is based on the presence of deficient thermo-algesic sensory signs and/or dysautonomic signs with normal neurography. Read More

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Effect of obesity on the associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with prevalent and incident distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy: population-based KORA F4/FF4 study.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2022 Apr 26. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany.

Background/objectives: The association between vitamin D and DSPN has been investigated in cross-sectional studies in individuals with diabetes. However, evidence from prospective and population-based studies is still lacking. Also, the potential modifying effect of obesity and glucose tolerance has not been investigated. Read More

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Quercetin: an effective polyphenol in alleviating diabetes and diabetic complications.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2022 Apr 25:1-24. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Various studies, especially in recent years, have shown that quercetin has beneficial therapeutic effects in various human diseases, including diabetes. Quercetin has significant anti-diabetic effects and may be helpful in lowering blood sugar and increasing insulin sensitivity. Quercetin appears to affect many factors and signaling pathways involved in insulin resistance and the pathogenesis of type 2 of diabetes. Read More

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Function of the GABAergic System in Diabetic Encephalopathy.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2022 Apr 23. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

National Drug Clinical Trial Institution, Second Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, 400037, People's Republic of China.

Diabetes is a common metabolic disease characterized by loss of blood sugar control and a high rate of complications. γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) functions as the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult mammalian brain. The normal function of the GABAergic system is affected in diabetes. Read More

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Discovery of small-molecule activators of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) and their preclinical neuroprotective activity.

Cell Res 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

The decline of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) occurs in a variety of human pathologies including neurodegeneration. NAD-boosting agents can provide neuroprotective benefits. Here, we report the discovery and development of a class of potent activators (NATs) of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), the rate-limiting enzyme in the NAD salvage pathway. Read More

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Response to triheptanoin therapy in critically ill patients with LC-FAOD: Report of patients treated through an expanded access program.

Mol Genet Metab 2022 Apr 11. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc., Novato, CA, United States of America.

Long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorders (LC-FAOD) are a group of inborn errors of metabolism wherein patients are unable to process long-chain fatty acids into useable energy in the mitochondria. LC-FAOD commonly affects organ systems with high energy demand, manifesting as hypoketotic hypoglycemia, liver dysfunction, cardiomyopathy, rhabdomyolysis, and skeletal myopathy, as well as peripheral neuropathy and retinopathy in some subtypes. Collectively, LC-FAOD have a high mortality rate, especially in cases of early onset disease, and in the presence of cardiomyopathy. Read More

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The Role of Epigenetic Modifications in Late Complications in Type 1 Diabetes.

Genes (Basel) 2022 04 15;13(4). Epub 2022 Apr 15.

University Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Zaloška Cesta 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the destruction of pancreatic β cells leads to hyperglycemia. The prevention of hyperglycemia is very important to avoid or at least postpone the development of micro- and macrovascular complications, also known as late complications. These include diabetic retinopathy, chronic renal failure, diabetic neuropathy, and cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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Corneal Confocal Microscopy Identifies People with Type 1 Diabetes with More Rapid Corneal Nerve Fibre Loss and Progression of Neuropathy.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 18;11(8). Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Doha 24144, Qatar.

There is a need to accurately identify patients with diabetes at higher risk of developing and progressing diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Fifty subjects with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) and sixteen age matched healthy controls underwent detailed neuropathy assessments including symptoms, signs, quantitative sensory testing (QST), nerve conduction studies (NCS), intra epidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) and corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) at baseline and after 2 years of follow-up. Overall, people with type 1 diabetes mellitus showed no significant change in HbA1c, blood pressure, lipids or neuropathic symptoms, signs, QST, neurophysiology, IENFD and CCM over 2 years. Read More

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Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic peripheral neuropathy, neuropathic pain and foot ulceration in the Arabian Gulf region.

J Diabetes Investig 2022 Apr 20. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Qatar Foundation, Education City, Doha, Qatar.

Aims/introduction: This study determined the prevalence and risk factors for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), painful DPN and diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) in patients with type 2 diabetes in secondary healthcare in Qatar, Kuwait and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Materials And Methods: Adults aged 18-85 years with type 2 diabetes were randomly enrolled from secondary healthcare, and underwent clinical and metabolic assessment. DPN was evaluated using vibration perception threshold and neuropathic symptoms and painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy was evaluated using the Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire. Read More

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Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy (Can) in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.

J Assoc Physicians India 2022 Apr;70(4):11-12

AIIMS, Raipur.

Autonomic dysfunction associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a well known entity, of which cardiac autonomic neuropathy deserves a special mention due to its propensity to cause major cardiac events in a seemingly asymptomatic individual. The incidence of Cardiac autonomic neuropathy among newly diagnosed Diabetes patients is less studied, with most of the current studies done in Western populace who have a different metabolic milieu compared to Indians. This study aims to find the prevalence of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in the Central Indian population, presenting to our center who are diagnosed to be having Diabetes Mellitus within one year. Read More

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Management of common clinical problems experienced by survivors of cancer.

Lancet 2022 04;399(10334):1537-1550

Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Health Services Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Improvements in early detection and treatment have led to a growing prevalence of survivors of cancer worldwide. Models of care fail to address adequately the breadth of physical, psychosocial, and supportive care needs of those who survive cancer. In this Series paper, we summarise the evidence around the management of common clinical problems experienced by survivors of adult cancers and how to cover these issues in a consultation. Read More

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Diabetic sarcopenia: metabolic and molecular appraisal.

Acta Diabetol 2022 Apr 16. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences (CMMS), Arabian Gulf University (AGU), Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Myopathy is the missing slot from the routine clinical checkup for diabetic complications. Similarly, its pathophysiological, metabolic, and molecular bases are insufficiently explored. In this review, the above issues are highlighted with a focus on skeletal muscle atrophy (also described as diabetic sarcopenia), in contrast to the normal histological, physiological, and molecular features of the muscles. Read More

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