7,970 results match your criteria Mesenteric Venous Thrombosis


Salvage Surgery for Jejunal Necrosis After a Free Jejunal Transfer.

Ann Surg Oncol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kagawa Rosai Hospital, Marugame, Kagawa, Japan.

Introduction: Given the few reports regarding the salvage methods for managing jejunal necrosis, finding candidates for a meta-analysis or systematic review is difficult. Thus, this study aimed to describe the interventions for jejunal necrosis and investigate important points relating to this condition.

Methods: The interventions used to treat free jejunal necrosis are external fistula formation with jejunal debridement, secondary reconstruction of the local site, and overall status improvement, and re-free jejunal transfer with removal of the necrotic jejunum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-019-07348-1DOI Listing

The protective role of IL-1Ra on intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury by anti-oxidative stress via Nrf2/HO-1 pathway in rat.

Biomed J 2019 Feb 27;42(1):36-45. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Institute of Military Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, PR China; Anhui Medical University, Hefei, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury is a frequent clinical damage, in which the oxidative stress and inflammation play an important role. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a natural anti-inflammatory factor, however, its effect on intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury remains unclear.

Methods: The rat model of intestinal I/R was induced by occlusion (for 60 min) and reopening (for 60 min) of superior mesenteric artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2018.11.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Detection of Intestinal Tissue Perfusion by Real-Time Breath Methane Analysis in Rat and Pig Models of Mesenteric Circulatory Distress.

Crit Care Med 2019 May;47(5):e403-e411

Institute of Surgical Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Objectives: Methane (CH4) breath test is an established diagnostic method for gastrointestinal functional disorders. Our aim was to explore the possible link between splanchnic circulatory changes and exhaled CH4 in an attempt to recognize intestinal perfusion failure.

Design: Randomized, controlled in vivo animal study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003659DOI Listing

A Rare Case of Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury After Mesenteric Revascularization.

Vasc Endovascular Surg 2019 Apr 14:1538574419839547. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

1 Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Quirónsalud Málaga Hospital, Málaga, Spain.

Endovascular treatment of chronic mesenteric ischemia is currently the treatment of choice, regardless of the number of involved vessels. Unlike other anatomic areas, the hyperperfusion produced by revascularization and the consecutive reperfusion syndrome is only described in cases of acute bowel ischemia, which is usually resolved with traditional surgery. We present a case of severe hyperperfusion syndrome secondary to endovascular correction with stents of a critical ischemia affecting the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1538574419839547
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1538574419839547DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Mesenteric Malperfusion In Acute Aortic Dissection: Challenges and Frontiers.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Cardiac Thoracic surgery, Belivers Church Medical College Hospital, Thruvalla, India.

Malperfusion syndrome results from end-organ ischemia in the setting of an aortic dissection. Malperfusion syndrome can affect any vascular bed with mesenteric malperfusion (MMP) being the most challenging associated with a 3- to 4-fold increase in mortality in both acute type A and B aortic dissections. The incidence MMP is between 66 to 100% in different literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2019.03.012DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Postoperative nutritional support of the patient with gut gangrene-a case report.

J Health Popul Nutr 2019 Apr 9;38(1):11. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

School of Health Sciences, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: Bowel necrosis is a commonly observed condition in elderly patients with longstanding diabetes. In such condition, intestinal resection is usually performed for the removal of the gangrenous part. Post-surgical dietary management after bowel resection poses several challenges for the health care team. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41043-019-0169-1DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Five-year Recurrence-free Survival After Surgery Followed by Oral Chemotherapy for Gastric Cancer With Portal Vein Tumor Thrombosis.

Anticancer Res 2019 Apr;39(4):2233-2238

Department of Surgery, Kumamoto Chuo hospital, Kumamoto, Japan.

Gastric cancer with portal vein tumor thrombosis (GC-PVTT) is a rare condition with a very poor prognosis. A 64-year-old man with GC-PVTT was admitted to our hospital. His carcinoembryonic antigen level was slightly elevated (17. Read More

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http://ar.iiarjournals.org/lookup/doi/10.21873/anticanres.13
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.13339DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Clinical and CT Angiographic Follow-Up Outcome of Spontaneous Isolated Intramural Hematoma of the Superior Mesenteric Artery.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical course and vascular remodeling of spontaneous isolated intramural hematoma of the superior mesenteric artery (SIHSMA) after treatment.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 24 consecutive patients with SIHSMA admitted from January 2009 through December 2016 were included in this study. The clinical characteristics, type and location of the dissection, clinical outcome and vascular remodeling were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-019-02212-xDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia induced by a polyethylene glycol with ascorbate-based colonic bowel preparation.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, NTT Medical Center Tokyo, 5-9-22 Higashi-Gotanda, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 141-8625, Japan.

Although conventional bowel preparation for colonoscopy rarely causes serious complications, such complications can be fatal and, therefore, require early recognition and prompt treatment. Herein, we report a case of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) induced by polyethylene glycol with an ascorbate component (PEG + Asc) that was used as a colonic bowel preparation. An- 82-year-old woman with a medical history of hypertension, atrial fibrillation and mild chronic renal failure received a cancer screening colonoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-019-00970-2DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Nonocclusive Mesenteric Ischemia Rescued by Immediate Surgical Exploration in a Boy with Severe Neurodevelopmental Disability.

Case Rep Pediatr 2019 19;2019:5354074. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon, Ehime 791-0295, Japan.

Background: Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) defines acute mesenteric ischemia without occlusion of the mesenteric arteries. The most common cause of NOMI is vasoconstriction or vasospasm of a mesenteric artery. NOMI generally affects patients >50 years of age, and few cases have been reported in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5354074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399550PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Mesenteric Ischemia Caused by Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia: A Case Report.

Cureus 2019 Jan 16;11(1):e3900. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Surgery, Riverside Community Hospital, Riverside, USA.

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis is the current standard of care in trauma patients. While most of the anticoagulation complications are obvious and can be promptly identified, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) requires a high index of suspicion for early diagnosis to prevent a potentially fatal outcome. A 39-year-old female presented to our emergency room after sustaining a gunshot wound to her left flank and pelvis requiring a sigmoid colon and left fallopian tube and ovary resection with colostomy diversion. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/16243-mesenteric-ischemia-ca
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3900DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424548PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Acute Kidney Failure in a Young African American Male.

Case Rep Nephrol 2019 17;2019:2591560. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Olive View-UCLA Medical Center, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Los Angeles, CA 91342, USA.

Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a condition characterized by chronic inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the retroperitoneum that can lead to serious complications including kidney failure, mesenteric and limb ischemia, and deep venous thrombosis among others. Affected individuals may present with nonspecific symptomology that would require a high clinical index of suspicion for prompt diagnosis. We herein discuss a case of a young African-American man with recurrent deep venous thrombosis who presents with a 4-week history of constant aching pain of abdomen and back and kidney failure. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crin/2019/2591560/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2591560DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398077PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

A Retrospective Analysis of Nonocclusive Mesenteric Ischemia in Medical and Surgical ICU Patients: Clinical Data on Demography, Clinical Signs, and Survival.

J Intensive Care Med 2019 Mar 25:885066619837911. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

4 Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Background:: To analyze demography, clinical signs, and survival of intensive care patients diagnosed with nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) and to evaluate the effect of a local intra-arterial prostaglandin therapy.

Methods:: Retrospective observational study screening 455 intensive care patients with acute arterial mesenteric perfusion disorder in a tertiary care hospital within the past 8 years. Lastly, 32 patients with NOMI were enrolled, of which 11 received local intra-arterial prostaglandin therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885066619837911DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Acute Aortic Dissection in Young Adult Patients: Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Perioperative Outcomes.

J Invest Surg 2019 Mar 25:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

f Department of Cardiovascular Surgery , Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, and Beijing Engineering Research Center of Vascular Prostheses , Beijing , China.

Background: Acute aorta dissection (AD) is a fatal emergency, however, studies addressing the clinical characteristics, management, and outcome of acute AD in young adult patients aged under 45 years in China are very few.

Methods: A retrospective study including 490 patients with acute AD as the final diagnosis was conducted. Patients' demographics, clinical characteristics, medical history, and laboratory and diagnostic imaging findings were retrieved from medical records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2018.1489916DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A Commentary on the Sensitivity and Specificity of the Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio and Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio in the Diagnosis of Acute Mesenteric Ischemia.

Authors:
Meer M Chisthi

J Invest Surg 2019 Mar 19:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Department of General Surgery , Government Medical College , Trivandrum , Kerala , India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2019.1570397DOI Listing
March 2019
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Sensitivity and Specificity of the Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio and the Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio in Diagnosing Acute Mesenteric Ischemia in Patients Operated on for the Diagnosis of Mesenteric Ischemia: A Retrospective Case-Control Study.

J Invest Surg 2019 Mar 19:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine , Ataturk University , Erzurum , Turkey.

Aim: The present study aims to determine whether various hematological parameters and ratios of patients could be used to diagnose AMI.

Materials And Methods: The subjects of the study are the patients who were hospitalized with an acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) pre-diagnosis and underwent surgery as a consequence. The patients who were determined to have the diagnosis of AMI intraoperatively are categorized in the AMI Group. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08941939.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2019.1566418DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

The effects and safety of vasopressin receptor agonists in patients with septic shock: a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis.

Crit Care 2019 Mar 14;23(1):91. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine & Institute of Emergency Medicine, Zhejiang University, No 88, Jiefang Rd, Hangzhou, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects and safety of vasopressin receptor agonists in patients with septic shock.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects of vasopressin receptor agonists in septic shock patients. Two reviewers performed literature selection, data extraction, and quality evaluation independently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-019-2362-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419432PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Extracellular RNA Profile in Mesenteric Lymph from Exemplar Rat Models of Acute and Critical Illness.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

1 School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Mesenteric lymph (ML) has been implicated in the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in critical illness. Extracellular RNAs play a role in cell-to-cell communication during physiological and disease processes but they are rarely studied in ML. We aimed at examining the RNA profiles of peripheral plasma, ML, and ML's extracellular vesicle (ML-EV) and triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (ML-TRL) fractions, obtained from rodent models of critical illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0044DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Ginsenoside Rb1 attenuates intestinal ischemia/reperfusion‑induced inflammation and oxidative stress via activation of the PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

Mol Med Rep 2019 May 12;19(5):3633-3641. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat‑sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China.

Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1), one of the major active saponins isolated from ginseng, has recently been reported to protect various organs against ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury; however, the mechanisms underlying these protective effects following intestinal IR (IIR) remain unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of GRb1 on IIR injury and determine the mechanisms involved in these effects. Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to 75 min of superior mesenteric artery occlusion, followed by 3 h of reperfusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2019.10018DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Optimized protocol of multiple post-processing techniques improves diagnostic accuracy of multidetector computed tomography in assessment of small bowel obstruction compared with conventional axial and coronal reformations.

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Mar;25(9):1100-1115

Department of Radiology, Army Medical Center of PLA, Army Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China.

Background: Axial and coronal reformations have been a widely used image post-processing protocol for the ordinary multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) examination of patients with small bowel obstruction (SBO) or other abdominal diseases. The diagnostic accuracy of MDCT for assessing SBO is expected to be further improved through the use of multiple post-processing techniques.

Aim: To systemically evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of an optimized protocol using multiple post-processing techniques for MDCT assessment of SBO and secondary bowel ischemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i9.1100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406184PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Dithizone-induced Paneth cell disruption significantly decreases intestinal perfusion in the murine small intestine.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Necrotizing enterocolitis is associated with decreased intestinal perfusion and ischemia. Paneth cells, specialized epithelial cells, have been shown to regulate the intestinal vasculature and disruption of these cells has been associated with NEC. We hypothesized that Paneth cell disruption in immature mice intestine would decrease the perfusion of the intestinal microvasculature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.02.021DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The "thoracic endovascular aortic repair-first" strategy for acute type A dissection with mesenteric malperfusion: Initial results compared with conventional algorithms.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga.

Objective: Acute type A dissection with mesenteric malperfusion is a rare but lethal variant of aortic dissection. This study examines outcomes from various treatment algorithms.

Methods: A review from 2003 to 2017 of the Emory Aortic Database identified 34 patients who presented with acute type A dissection with mesenteric malperfusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.01.116DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Image-Guided Transarterial Directed Delivery of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Targeted Gastrointestinal Therapies in a Swine Model.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University, 201 Dowman Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of catheter-directed intra-arterial stem cell delivery of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to the small bowel in a porcine model.

Materials And Methods: The cranial mesenteric artery of 6 Yucatan minipigs was selectively catheterized under fluoroscopic guidance following cut-down and carotid artery access. A proximal jejunal branch artery was selectively catheterized for directed delivery of embolic microspheres (100-300 μm) or MSCs (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2018.09.034DOI Listing

Risk factors and outcomes for bowel ischemia after open and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md; Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Md; Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, Calif. Electronic address:

Objective: Bowel ischemia (BI) is a serious complication after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. We sought to identify the incidence and risk factors associated with the development of postoperative BI and the post-BI outcomes for patients undergoing open aortic repair (OAR) and endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of AAAs.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted for all patients who had undergone OAR or EVAR from 2003 to 2017 using the Vascular Quality Initiative database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.11.047DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[Ischemic Necrosis Caused by Retroanastomotic Hernia after Subtotal Gastrectomy].

Korean J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb;73(2):109-113

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

After gastrojejunostomy, a small space can occur between the jejunum at the anastomosis site, the transverse mesocolon, and retroperitoneum, which may cause an intestinal hernia. This report presents a rare case of intestinal ischemic necrosis caused by retroanastomotic hernia after subtotal gastrectomy. A 56-year-old male was admitted to Kangwon National University Hospital with melena, abdominal pain, and nausea. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4166/kjg.2019.73
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2019.73.2.109DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

High-Value Multidetector CT Angiography of the Superior Mesenteric Artery: What Emergency Medicine Physicians and Interventional Radiologists Need to Know.

Radiographics 2019 Mar-Apr;39(2):559-577

From the Divisions of Body CT (N.G., E.K.F., P.T.J.) and Interventional Radiology (R.L.), Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiologic Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 601 N Caroline St, Room 4223, Baltimore, MD 21287.

The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) provides vital blood supply to the midgut, and an acute abnormality can rapidly precipitate bowel ischemia and infarction and lead to morbidity and mortality. Vascular diseases that acutely compromise the SMA threaten its tributaries and include occlusion, dissection, aneurysm rupture, pseudoaneurysm, vasculitis, and SMA branch hemorrhage into the bowel. Emergency medicine physicians rely on the radiologist to identify SMA abnormalities, to characterize them, and to detail findings that guide the appropriate triage of these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180131DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Stenting of superior mesenteric and celiac arteries does not increase complication rates after fenestrated-branched endovascular aneurysm repair.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address:

Objective: This study compared complications in patients undergoing fenestrated-branched endovascular aneurysm repair (F-BEVAR) without and with stenting of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) or celiac artery (CA), with particular attention to the length of coverage above the CA.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of a prospectively maintained database of patients treated with F-BEVAR for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms between July 2012 and May 2017. Data included demographics, risk factors, comorbidities, preoperative aneurysm characteristics, procedural data, and outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.11.043DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Sclerosing Mesenteritis.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare non-neoplastic disorder characterized by fat necrosis, chronic inflammation, and fibrosis typically of the small bowel mesentery. Our understanding of this disorder is limited by its rarity as well as inconsistent terminology used across the literature. While prior abdominal surgery or trauma, autoimmunity, infection, ischemia, and malignancy have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of the disorder, it remains poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000167DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Interleukin-6 Therapy Improves Intestinal Recovery Following Ischemia.

J Surg Res 2019 Feb 28;239:142-148. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Surgery, Section of Pediatric Surgery, Indianapolis, Indiana; The Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana; Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, Indiana. Electronic address:

Background: Interleukin-6 (IL6) has both proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways, but its effects on intestinal recovery following ischemia are unknown. We hypothesized that administration of IL6 following intestinal ischemia would improve mesenteric perfusion and mucosal injury.

Methods: Adult male C57Bl6J mice were anesthetized, and a laparotomy was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Current knowledge in pathophysiology and management of Budd-Chiari syndrome and non-cirrhotic non-tumoral splanchnic vein thrombosis.

J Hepatol 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Barcelona Hepatic Hemodynamic Laboratory, Liver Unit, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERehd, European Reference Network for Rare Vascular Liver Diseases. Universitat de Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Budd-Chiari Syndrome (BCS) and non-cirrhotic non-tumoral portal vein thrombosis (NCPVT) are two rare disorders, with several similarities that are categorized under the term splanchnic vein thrombosis. Both disorders are frequently associated with an underlying pro-thrombotic disorder. They can cause severe portal hypertension and usually affect oung patients, negatively influencing life expectancy when the diagnosis and treatment is not done at an early stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of endoscopic visible light spectroscopy: comparison with microvascular oxygen tension measurements in a porcine model.

J Transl Med 2019 Feb 28;17(1):65. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Anesthesiology, Laboratory for Experimental Anesthesiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, s Gravendijkwal 230, 3015 CE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Visible light spectroscopy (VLS) is a technique used to measure the mucosal oxygen saturation during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to evaluate mucosal ischemia, however in vivo validation is lacking. We aimed to compare VLS measurements with a validated quantitative microvascular oxygen tension (μPO) measurement technique.

Methods: Simultaneous VLS measurements and μPO measurements were performed on the small intestine of five pigs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12967-019-1802-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396526PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Ubiquitin-specific protease 22 enhances intestinal cell proliferation and tissue regeneration after intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury.

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb;25(7):824-836

Department of General Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: Intestinal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious but common pathophysiological process of many diseases, resulting in a high mortality rate in clinical practice. Ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22) acts as regulator of cell cycle progression, proliferation, and tumor invasion. Depleted USP22 expression has been reported to contribute to arrested cell cycle and disrupted generation of differentiated cell types in crypts and villi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i7.824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385013PMC
February 2019
1 Read

"Aortoiliac-Mesenteric Steal Syndrome" Treated with Inferior Mesenteric to Common Iliac Artery Transposition.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Canberra Hospital, Garran, ACT, Australia.

We report the case of a 54-year-old female who presented with chronic mesenteric ischemia symptoms which could also be provoked on walking 50-100 m. Computed tomography angiography demonstrated ostial occlusion of all 3 mesenteric vessels, with extensive collateralization reconstituting the inferior mesenteric artery from the iliac arteries. As such, her abdominal pain was secondary to preferential flow to the lower limbs stealing from mesenteric vasculature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.12.074DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Hybrid Therapy Consisting of Bowel Resection and Fluoroscopic-Assisted Balloon Thrombectomy for Small Bowel Infarction Caused by Acute Mesenteric Venous Thrombosis.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Background: To investigate the effect of bowel resection combined with fluoroscopic-assisted balloon thrombectomy for small bowel infarction caused by acute mesenteric venous thrombosis (AMVT).

Methods: Between June 2016 and August 2017, nine patients (seven males and two females; range, 40-73 years; mean, 55.11 ± 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.12.081DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Nicotinamide riboside has protective effects in a rat model of mesenteric ischaemia-reperfusion.

Int J Exp Pathol 2018 12;99(6):304-311

Children's Scientific and Clinical Center of Infectious Diseases Federal Medical and Biological Agency, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

Acute mesenteric ischaemia is a syndrome caused by inadequate blood flow through the mesenteric vessels, resulting in ischaemia and eventual gangrene of the bowel wall. Although relatively rare, it is a potentially life-threatening condition. The maintenance of haemodynamic stability, along with adequate oxygen saturation, and the correction of any electrolyte imbalance, are of the utmost importance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iep.12302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6384503PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Ischemic colitis due to antiphospholipid antibody syndrome.

Turk J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 9;19(1):36-38. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Introduction: Portal system ischemia may present insidiously which may aggravates the prognosis.

Case Presentation: A 26-year old man presented with watery diarrhea and generalized abdominal pain for 3 months. On physical examination, moderate splenomegaly was noticeable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjem.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370907PMC
January 2019
1 Read

[Mesenteric Ischemia: Patterns in Computed Tomography].

Rofo 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University-Hospital of Leipzig, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0770-2732DOI Listing
February 2019
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Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia associated with enteral feeding after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: report of two cases and review of the literature.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 20;5(1):36. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Division of Esophageal Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital East, 6-5-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8577, Japan.

Background: Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a rare but life-threatening complication of early postoperative enteral feeding. We herein report two patients who developed NOMI during enteral feeding after esophagectomy.

Case Presentation: In case 1, a 75-year-old man with no medical history was diagnosed with multiple primary cancers of the esophagus, stomach, and kidney. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0580-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382915PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Double aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery: case report.

J Vasc Bras 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):328-332

Hospital Regional de São José Homero de Miranda Gomes - HRSJHMG, Departamento de Cirurgia Geral, São José, SC, Brasil.

Superior mesenteric artery aneurysms are rare, accounting for less than 0.5% of all intra-abdominal aneurysms. They are mainly caused by atherosclerosis and septic emboli resulting from bacterial endocarditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.005818DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375273PMC
February 2019
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The role of PI3K/Akt signal pathway in the protective effects of propofol on intestinal and lung injury induced by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion1.

Acta Cir Bras 2019 Feb 14;34(1):e20190010000005. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Hubei, China. Critical revision.

Purpose: To investigate the role of PI3k/Akt signal pathway in the protective effects of propofol on intestinal and lung injury induced by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion(I/R).

Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 45 min of ischemia by occluding the superior mesenteric artery and to 2h of reperfusion to establish the model of I/R. Twenty four rats were randomly divided into four groups: Sham, intestinal I/R (II/R), propofol (P), wortmannin (W). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020190010000005DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Successful Use of the Recanalized Remnant Umbilical Vein as a Patch Graft for Venous Reconstruction in Abdominal Surgery.

J Gastrointest Surg 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Various approaches have been described for the reconstruction of the portal vein (PV), superior mesenteric vein (SMV), and the inferior vena cava (IVC). We present the use of the recanalized remnant umbilical vein in various settings including transplantation, major liver resection, and pancreatic surgery. We retrospectively analyzed four cases, in which a recanalized remnant umbilical vein was used for vascular reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-019-04150-yDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
2.798 Impact Factor

Magnetoenterography for the Detection of Partial Mesenteric Ischemia.

J Surg Res 2019 Feb 20;239:31-37. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Surgery, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama.

Background: Acute mesenteric ischemia represents a life-threatening gastrointestinal condition. A noninvasive diagnostic modality that identifies mesenteric ischemia patients early in the disease process will enable early surgical intervention. Previous studies have identified significant changes in the small-bowel electrical slow-wave parameters during intestinal ischemia caused by total occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.01.034DOI Listing
February 2019
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Results of retrograde open mesenteric stenting for acute thrombotic mesenteric ischemia.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Apr 15;69(4):1137-1142. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Bichat Hospital, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Paris, France; SURVI (Structure d'URgences Vasculaires Intestinales)-Intestinal Stroke Center, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Paris, France; Faculté de Médecine Denis Diderot-Paris 7, Paris, France.

Objective: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is an emergent event with a high mortality rate; survivors have high rates of intestinal failure. Restoration of blood flow using endovascular or surgical revascularization is associated with better outcome in terms of survival rate and intestinal resection. Retrograde open mesenteric stenting (ROMS), which is a hybrid technique, combines two benefits: prompt blood flow restoration with an endovascular approach and inspection and resection of the small bowel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.07.058DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Endovascular treatment of a splenic vein aneurysm through a transhepatic approach.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2019 Mar;25(2):166-168

Departments of Interventional Radiology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Aneurysms of the portal vein and its branches have been rarely described. Their natural history is unknown although large ones (>3 cm in diameter) have been reported to cause rupture, thrombosis, duodenal or biliary obstruction, inferior vena cava compression and/or portal hypertension. We report the case of an incidentally diagnosed 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2019.18057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411270PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin to treat spontaneous heparin-induced thrombocytopenia syndrome.

J Thromb Haemost 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Essentials Spontaneous HIT syndrome clinically/serologically resembles HIT but without proximate heparin. Rarely, spontaneous HIT syndrome complicates total knee arthroplasty surgery. Mesenteric vein thrombosis is a rare presentation of spontaneous HIT syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jth.14411DOI Listing
February 2019
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Diagnosis, Development, and Treatment of Portal Vein Thrombosis in Patients With and Without Cirrhosis.

Gastroenterology 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Fondazione Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center and Fondazione Luigi Villa, Milano, Italy.

Portal vein thrombosis unrelated to solid malignancy is common in patients with cirrhosis, but less frequently observed in patients without cirrhosis. Prompt diagnosis and management of acute symptomatic portal vein thrombosis are essential. Failure to detect and treat thromboses can result in mesenteric ischemia, chronic cavernous transformation, and complications of portal hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.01.265DOI Listing
February 2019
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Non-occlusive intestinal ischemia in the ascending colon and rectum: a pediatric case occurring during encephalitis treatment.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 15;5(1):23. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Yamanashi Prefectural Central Hospital, Kofu, Japan.

Background: Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a rare and severe pathological condition that can cause intestinal necrosis without mechanical obstruction of the mesenteric artery. NOMI often develops during the treatment of severe disease in elderly patients and mostly occurs in the intestine supplied by the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). We experienced a 12-year-old patient with NOMI that was segmentally localized in the ascending colon and rectum during encephalitis treatment. Read More

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https://surgicalcasereports.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0592-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377685PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Comparison of intestinal ischemia after on-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Feb 11;49(1):11-15. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Background/aim: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI), one of the gastrointestinal system complications, which occurs following cardiac surgery, is challenged in the literature with a diminished incidence of AMI by heart surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or with pulsatile CPB. This study aims to compare the incidence and mortality rate of mesenteric ischemia in a series of consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) through on-pump and off-pump techniques.

Materials And Methods: This study included patients who underwent CABG between 1 January 2010 and 31 June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1705-131DOI Listing
February 2019
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Clinical implications of different risk factor profiles in patients with mesenteric venous thrombosis and systemic venous thromboembolism: a population-based study.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

It is unknown whether the risk factor profile for mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) is different from systemic venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of the present population-based study was to compare acquired and inherited risk factors in MVT versus VTE. Identification of all MVT patients at Skåne University Hospital between 2000 and 2015 was performed in patient records and AuriculA (Swedish anticoagulation registry). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-019-01816-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read