942 results match your criteria Mesenteric Lymphadenitis

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Presenting as Acute Abdomen in a Child with Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome.

Infect Dis Rep 2022 Jun 6;14(3):428-432. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Paediatrics, Medical School, University of Crete, 715 00 Heraklion, Greece.

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) may develop as a rare complication following COVID-19. MIS-C presentation varies substantially, but fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are the most prominent. Indeed, gastrointestinal involvement may be severe enough to present as acute abdomen, posing challenges to clinicians. Read More

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[Upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to tuberculous mesenteric lymphadenitis that fistulizes the gastric wall].

Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2021 Oct-Dec;41(4):271-274

Servicio de Gastroenterología, Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza. Lima, Perú.

Tuberculous lymphadenitis is the most common entity of abdominal tuberculosis, which occurs due to reactivation of a latent focus. Its diagnosis requires a high degree of suspicion, for which it requires endoscopic, radiological, and histopathological studies. In the evaluation of lymphadenopathies, endoscopic ultrasound-guided aspiration puncture plays an important role. Read More

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Ventricular septal defect with recurrent abdominal pain misdiagnosed as mesenteric lymphadenitis: A case report.

Asian J Surg 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, 646000, China; Department of Perinatology, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, 646000, China; Sichuan Clinical Research Center for Birth Defects, Luzhou, Sichuan, 646000, China. Electronic address:

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Pathology of Salmonella enterica Subspecies enterica Serotype Typhimurium Infection in Chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera).

J Comp Pathol 2022 Jun 19;194:14-21. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Setor de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Septicaemia is the main pathological manifestation of Salmonella infection in chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera), although information on its pathology is limited. We now describe the gross, histological and immunohistochemical features of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotype Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) infection in ranched chinchillas. Read More

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Disseminated protothecosis with central nervous system involvement in a dog in New Zealand.

N Z Vet J 2022 Jul 11;70(4):238-243. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Gribbles Veterinary Pathology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Case History: A 1-year-old Border Terrier presented with acute onset of neurological signs and neck pain.

Clinical Findings: Severe generalised ataxia, muscle tremors and cranial nerve deficits were noted. Multifocal brain lesions were suspected based on neurological examination. Read More

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Molecular detection, biotyping and serotyping of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from chicken livers in Tabriz.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2022 Apr 19;83:101777. Epub 2022 Feb 19.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

Introduction And Purpose: Yersinia enterocolitica belongs to the family of Enterobacteriaceae and is a psychrophilic pathogen that is associated with foodborne infections. It usually causes gastroenteritis, mesenteric lymphadenitis, and septicemia. This study aimed to molecular detection, biotyping, and serotyping of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from chicken livers in Tabriz. Read More

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What is your diagnosis? Septic peritonitis, lymphadenitis, and lymph node abscesses in a dog.

Vet Clin Pathol 2022 06 28;51(2):276-278. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

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Abdominal Kikuchi-Fujimoto lymphadenopathy: an uncommon presentation of a rare disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Feb 24;15(2). Epub 2022 Feb 24.

Internal Medicine, EOC, Bellinzona, Switzerland

A 34-year-old man presented to our hospital with a 5-day history of progressive abdominal pain and fever. A CT scan identified extensive mesenteric lymphadenopathy. Initial diagnostic tests were inconclusive. Read More

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February 2022

Chilaiditi syndrome in a Nepalese girl - A potential mislead!

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Feb 31;91:106808. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Surgery, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Introduction: Chilaiditi's Sign (CS) is a radiological finding on an abdominal radiograph due to colonic interposition between the liver and the diaphragm giving a false impression of free intra peritoneal air. When accompanied by abdominal symptoms, a syndrome with the same name is diagnosed. As elusive a finding, it can be a source of diagnostic misinterpretation causing an alarming illusion of a deceptive emergency. Read More

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February 2022

Value of high frequency ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of mesenteric lymphadenitis and acute appendicitis in children.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2022 06 26;74(3):389-391. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Department of Ultrasonography, Lishui People's Hospital, Lishui, China -

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Mesenteric abscess caused by coinfection with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin and sp. in chronic granulomatous disease.

IDCases 2022 3;27:e01375. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa 920-8641, Japan.

Opportunistic infections are life-threatening conditions in immunocompromised patients including those with primary immunodeficiency. We describe a case of X-linked chronic granulomatous disease presenting with mesenteric abscess caused by a coinfection with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and sp. The patient received BCG vaccination at 5 months old. Read More

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January 2022

Emergency diagnostic laparoscopy for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in a child.

J Pediatr Surg Case Rep 2022 Feb 3;77:102171. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus.

COVID-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) can mimic and cause acute abdominal diseases such as intestinal obstruction, terminal ileitis, colitis, internal necrotizing mesenteric lymphadenitis, acute appendicitis, and sometimes bowel perforation. We report a case of a 6-year-old female with MIS-C and acute purulent pelviperitonitis, who was successfully treated by laparoscopy and an antibiotic without intravenous immunoglobulin and aspirin therapy. We believe that the case description should help to find a worthy place for early laparoscopic and other minimally invasive procedures for the management of similar MIS-C cases. Read More

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February 2022

[Far East scarlet-like fever in a Caucasian man with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis bacteriaemia].

Ugeskr Laeger 2022 01;184(1)

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a Gram-negative bacterium causing infection in humans through contaminated water and/or food. The infection commonly occurs as gastroenteritis and fever, abdominal pain due to mesenteric lymphadenitis and diarrhoea. Bacteraemia is rare and is typically seen in immunocompromised patients and occurs with different clinical presentations like Far East scarlet-like fever, splenic abscess, or mimic appendicitis. Read More

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January 2022

Role of the Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Virulence Plasmid in Pathogen-Phagocyte Interactions in Mesenteric Lymph Nodes.

EcoSal Plus 2021 12 27;9(2):eESP00142021. Epub 2021 Oct 27.

Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is an family member that is commonly transmitted by the fecal-oral route to cause infections. From the small intestine, Y. pseudotuberculosis can invade through Peyer's patches and lymph vessels to infect the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs). Read More

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December 2021

Childhood Mesenteric Adenitis -The Spectrum of Findings.

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2021 Jan.-Mar;19(73):47-51

Department of Radiology and Interventions, Grande International Hospital, Dhapasi, Tokha Road, Kathmandu.

Background Mesenteric adenitis in children (≤ 18 years) can present with varied findings often causing a diagnostic confusion. In children, considering the inadequacies in history and physical examination, an accurate clinic-radiological diagnosis backed up with laboratory data as indicated becomes important to avoid misdiagnosis and futile interventions. Objective To study the profile of children evaluated for acute abdominal pain and diagnosed as mesenteric adenitis. Read More

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November 2021

Acute abdomen in multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: A systematic review.

Acta Paediatr 2022 03 3;111(3):467-472. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Paediatrics, University General Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, Greece.

Aim: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), a rare severe complication of SARS-CoV-2 infection, has been recently reported to mimic acute abdomen and lead to surgical interventions, posing challenges for clinicians. In this systematic review, we evaluated the rate of acute abdomen and abdominal surgical emergencies in children with MIS-C.

Methods: Systematic review of all MIS-C cases presented with acute abdomen. Read More

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Homozygous MEFV Gene Variant and Pyrin-Associated Autoinflammation With Neutrophilic Dermatosis: A Family With a Novel Autosomal Recessive Mode of Inheritance.

JAMA Dermatol 2021 Dec;157(12):1466-1471

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Importance: Pyrin-associated autoinflammation with neutrophilic dermatosis (PAAND) is a monogenic autoinflammatory disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance and has been associated with monoallelic p.Ser242Arg and p.Glu244Lys variations in the MEFV gene. Read More

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December 2021

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis and Terminal Ileitis is Associated With Yersinia Infection: A Meta-analysis.

J Surg Res 2022 02 7;270:12-21. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Centre for Perioperative Optimisation, Department of Surgery, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.

Background: Yersinia infection affects terminal ileum and lymph nodes and could therefore mimic the symptoms of appendicitis. We aimed to systematically characterise the suspected or confirmed abdominal diseases and/or surgeries associated with Yersinia infection.

Materials And Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis was reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Read More

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February 2022

The use of prolonged administration of low-dose intravenous lipid emulsion to treat ivermectin toxicosis in goats.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 10;259(8):914-918

Case Description: 2 Nigerian Dwarf goats (a doe [goat 1] and a wether [goat 2]) with coughing and nasal discharge since they were purchased at an auction 6 days prior were empirically treated for suspected pneumonia and intestinal parasitism. An ivermectin dosing error (intended dose, 0.4 mg/kg, PO; administered dose, 10 mg/kg, PO) was retrospectively discovered, and the owner was urged to return the goats for hospitalization and treatment. Read More

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October 2021

Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis in a Child: A Case Report.

Front Pediatr 2021 17;9:682738. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, Hangzhou, China.

Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, also known as Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), is a self-limiting inflammatory disease with low incidence and high misdiagnosis rate in children. Furthermore, cases where the clinical presentation resembles acute appendicitis are very rare. A 14-year-old boy was misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis and received operative treatment at his early visit. Read More

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September 2021

Liver Involvement in Children with COVID-19 and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome: A Single-Center Bulgarian Observational Study.

Microorganisms 2021 Sep 15;9(9). Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Clinical Immunology, Medical Faculty, University Hospital Lozenetz, Sofia University, St. Kliment Ohridski, Kozyak 1 Str., 1407 Sofia, Bulgaria.

SARS-CoV-2 infection may precede and cause various autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, including multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Therefore, we aimed to observe the clinical presentation and laboratory, instrumental and other constellations in children with MIS-C, including liver involvement. We present the outcomes from a single-center prospective observational study in which 89 children was included (60 with proven COVID-19, 10 symptomatic with confirmed COVID-19 contact and 19 diagnosed with MIS-C). Read More

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September 2021

Serological investigation and genotyping of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep and goats in Inner Mongolia, China.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(9):e0256628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, China.

Paratuberculosis a contagious and chronic disease in domestic and wild ruminants, is caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Typical clinical signs include intractable diarrhea, progressive emaciation, proliferative enteropathy, and mesenteric lymphadenitis. Paratuberculosis is endemic to many parts of the world and responsible for considerable economic losses. Read More

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November 2021

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Due to COVID-19 in an Adult.

Cureus 2021 Jun 24;13(6):e15897. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Emergency Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, QAT.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease that can present with a wide range of symptoms. Abdominal pain is less common than other symptoms but is more frequent among patients with severe disease. Various abdominal imaging findings are described in the literature for children and adults with COVID-19 infection. Read More

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Severe acute liver injury associated with .

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 6;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Gastroenterology, US Army Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA.

is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes foodborne illnesses, typically characterised by acute febrile gastroenteritis and is associated with a variety of manifestations. Isolated febrile illness without gastrointestinal symptoms is rare. We report a case of   infection with severe anicteric hepatitis. Read More

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A Novel Presentation of Tuberculosis with Intestinal Perforation in a Free-Ranging Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea).

J Wildl Dis 2021 01;57(1):220-224

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, McMaster Building B14, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia.

We detail a novel presentation of tuberculosis associated with intestinal perforation in an endangered Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) from South Australian waters and confirm the presence of this disease in the region of highest pup production. In February 2017, a 3-yr-old juvenile male died shortly after hauling out at the Kingscote beach on Kangaroo Island. On postmortem examination, we found a mid-jejunal intestinal perforation and partial obstruction (from a strangulating fibrous and granulomatous mesenteric mass), a marked multicentric abdominal fibrosing granulomatous lymphadenitis, and a large volume serosanguinous peritoneal effusion. Read More

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January 2021

Acute lameness in a cat with disseminated mycobacteriosis.

Vet Ital 2020 07 14;56(3):199-204. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna, Via Antonio Bianchi 7/9, 25124 Brescia, Italy.

Mycobacterium avium infection was diagnosed in an adult cat showing acute lameness of the right hind limb, enlargement of the right popliteal lymph node and two cutaneous nodular lesions of the right chest wall. Conventional radiography of the proximal tibia showed a proliferative osteolytic lesion. Cytological examination of the right popliteal lymph node and the nodular skin lesions fine needle aspiration smears, demonstrated granulomatous inflammation with many negative staining bacilli within macrophages or in smears background. Read More

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Prevalence of Rotaviruses in the Etiology of Acute Diarrhea in Young Children, Clinical forms, Extraintestinal Manifestations and Complications.

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) 2020 Dec 8;41(3):23-30. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

University Clinic of Infectious Diseases and Febrile Conditions Skopje, Medical Faculty, Skopje, RN Macedonia.

Rotavirus is highly contagious factor with dominant feces-oral transmission. Because it is stable in external environment, transmission clusters are possible by close contact, ingestion of contaminated water or food or contact with contaminated surfaces. It survives within hours and days on hands and contaminated surfaces. Read More

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December 2020

Identifying threshold sizes for enlarged abdominal lymph nodes in different age ranges from about 200,000 individual's data.

Sci Rep 2021 01 19;11(1):1762. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Cardiovascular Center, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, 201102, People's Republic of China.

The threshold size for enlarged abdominal lymph nodes (E-ALNs), a common pediatric disorder, has yet to be standardized. According to the maximum short-axis diameter, this study divided ALNs into Grade A (≥ 10 mm), Grade B (8-10 mm), Grade C (5-8 mm), and Grade D (< 5 mm, normal). To identify the threshold size for E-ALNs, the prevalence of each grade was compared between asymptomatic individuals and symptomatic (e. Read More

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January 2021

Perforation of the Small Intestine with Acute Peritonitis Caused by .

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2020 Dec;62(4):875-879

MBAL Uni Hospital, Panagyurishte, Bulgaria.

Perianal and perineal pruritus is often associated with Enterobius vermicularis in children. Although this roundworm is common in pediatric practice, most doctors are unaware that it can cause appendicular colic with/or appendicitis, severe urogenital complications, bowel perforation, and peritonitis. We report a case of a young male who presented with signs and symptoms of acute peritonitis. Read More

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December 2020

Abdominal Imaging Findings in Critically Ill Children With Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated With COVID-19.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021 02;40(2):e82-e83

Department of Radiology, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Robert Wood Johnson Barnabas Health, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, New Jersey.

We report findings on abdominal imaging in critically ill children admitted with MIS-C. On sonography, hepatomegaly, nephromegaly, gallbladder wall edema, ascites, intestinal inflammation and mesenteric lymphadenopathy were seen, while CT showed fluid-filled small bowel loops, mural thickening of the terminal ileum, diffuse lymphadenopathy, and moderate ascites. Read More

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February 2021