916 results match your criteria Mesenteric Lymphadenitis


A Novel Presentation of Tuberculosis with Intestinal Perforation in a Free-Ranging Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea).

J Wildl Dis 2021 01;57(1):220-224

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, McMaster Building B14, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia.

We detail a novel presentation of tuberculosis associated with intestinal perforation in an endangered Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) from South Australian waters and confirm the presence of this disease in the region of highest pup production. In February 2017, a 3-yr-old juvenile male died shortly after hauling out at the Kingscote beach on Kangaroo Island. On postmortem examination, we found a mid-jejunal intestinal perforation and partial obstruction (from a strangulating fibrous and granulomatous mesenteric mass), a marked multicentric abdominal fibrosing granulomatous lymphadenitis, and a large volume serosanguinous peritoneal effusion. Read More

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January 2021

Acute lameness in a cat with disseminated mycobacteriosis.

Vet Ital 2020 07 14;56(3):199-204. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna, Via Antonio Bianchi 7/9, 25124 Brescia, Italy.

Mycobacterium avium infection was diagnosed in an adult cat showing acute lameness of the right hind limb, enlargement of the right popliteal lymph node and two cutaneous nodular lesions of the right chest wall. Conventional radiography of the proximal tibia showed a proliferative osteolytic lesion. Cytological examination of the right popliteal lymph node and the nodular skin lesions fine needle aspiration smears, demonstrated granulomatous inflammation with many negative staining bacilli within macrophages or in smears background. Read More

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Prevalence of Rotaviruses in the Etiology of Acute Diarrhea in Young Children, Clinical forms, Extraintestinal Manifestations and Complications.

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) 2020 Dec 8;41(3):23-30. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

University Clinic of Infectious Diseases and Febrile Conditions Skopje, Medical Faculty, Skopje, RN Macedonia.

Rotavirus is highly contagious factor with dominant feces-oral transmission. Because it is stable in external environment, transmission clusters are possible by close contact, ingestion of contaminated water or food or contact with contaminated surfaces. It survives within hours and days on hands and contaminated surfaces. Read More

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December 2020

Perforation of the Small Intestine with Acute Peritonitis Caused by .

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2020 Dec;62(4):875-879

MBAL Uni Hospital, Panagyurishte, Bulgaria.

Perianal and perineal pruritus is often associated with Enterobius vermicularis in children. Although this roundworm is common in pediatric practice, most doctors are unaware that it can cause appendicular colic with/or appendicitis, severe urogenital complications, bowel perforation, and peritonitis. We report a case of a young male who presented with signs and symptoms of acute peritonitis. Read More

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December 2020

Abdominal Imaging Findings in Critically Ill Children With Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated With COVID-19.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021 02;40(2):e82-e83

Department of Radiology, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Robert Wood Johnson Barnabas Health, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, New Jersey.

We report findings on abdominal imaging in critically ill children admitted with MIS-C. On sonography, hepatomegaly, nephromegaly, gallbladder wall edema, ascites, intestinal inflammation and mesenteric lymphadenopathy were seen, while CT showed fluid-filled small bowel loops, mural thickening of the terminal ileum, diffuse lymphadenopathy, and moderate ascites. Read More

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February 2021

Evidence for the medicinal value of Squama Manitis (pangolin scale): A systematic review.

Integr Med Res 2021 Mar 28;10(1):100486. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Evidence-Based medicine center, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

Background: Squama Manitis (pangolin scale) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. However, its efficacy has not been systematically reviewed. This review aims to fill the gap. Read More

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[CME Sonography 91: Differential Diagnosis of Lower Abdominal Pain].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2020 ;109(8):652-657

Ultrasound Learning Center (ULC) der European Federation of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) am Institut für Allgemeine Innere Medizin und Nephrologie, Klinik Hirslanden, Zürich.

CME Sonography 91: Differential Diagnosis of Lower Abdominal Pain Pain in the lower abdomen is a frequent reason for further imaging clarification by sonography. The most frequent causes are appendicitis and diverticulitis, in addition to ureteral stones, ovarian and tubal pathology as well as various hernias. Appendicitis has a characteristic clinical presentation and can be diagnosed by CT or ultrasound. Read More

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Far Eastern Scarlet-Like Fever is a Special Clinical and Epidemic Manifestation of Infection in Russia.

Pathogens 2020 Jun 2;9(6). Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Somov Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Ministry of Science and Higher Education, 690087 Vladivostok, Russia.

Pseudotuberculosis in humans until the 1950s was found in different countries of the world as a rare sporadic disease that occurred in the form of acute appendicitis and mesenteric lymphadenitis. In Russia and Japan, the () infection often causes outbreaks of the disease with serious systemic inflammatory symptoms, and this variant of the disease has been known since 1959 as Far Eastern Scarlet-like Fever (FESLF). Russian researchers have proven that the FESLF pathogen is associated with a concrete clonal line of characterized by a specific plasmid profile (pVM82, pYV 48 MDa), sequence (2ST) and gene allele (1st allele). Read More

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A negative fallout of COVID-19 lockdown in Italy: Life-threatening delay in the diagnosis of celiac disease.

Dig Liver Dis 2020 10 16;52(10):1092-1093. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy; Center for Celiac Research and Treatment, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

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October 2020

Unilateral inguinal lymphadenitis caused by Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. A case report.

J Infect Chemother 2020 Jul 5;26(7):762-764. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hyogo Prefectural Kakogawa Medical Center, Kakogawa, Japan.

Acute inguinal lymphadenitis is usually caused by lower extremity infection and sexually transmitted diseases, such as chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, genital herpes, or syphilis. Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a non-spore forming, pleomorphic, non-lactose fermenting Gram negative bacillus and a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, which is associated with diarrheal diseases. It also causes mesenteric lymphadenitis at the terminal ileum, which can be clinically indistinguishable from acute appendicitis (pseudoappendicitis). Read More

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Retroperitoneal fibromatosis presenting as a mesenteric mass: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(17):e18799

Department of Hematology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing.

Rationale: Fibromatoses or desmoid tumors are relatively rare tumors derived from the musculoaponeurotic system. This tumor has no specific clinical symptoms and it is sometimes misdiagnosed as other diseases such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).

Patient Concerns: A 28-year-old man visited Peking Union Medical College for a tangible abdominal mass without abdominal pain or distention. Read More

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High prevalence of subclinical paratuberculosis in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in Maranhão, Brazil.

Braz J Microbiol 2020 Sep 14;51(3):1383-1390. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Rural Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Paratuberculosis is an infectious, chronic, and incurable disease that affects ruminants, causing enteritis and chronic granulomatous lymphadenitis, characterized by malabsorption syndrome, its agent is the Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Thus, the objective of this work was to identify and characterize MAP in buffalo herds slaughtered in Baixada Maranhense region. Read More

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September 2020

Characteristics and Epidemiological Investigation of Paratuberculosis in Dairy Cattle in Tai'an, China.

Biomed Res Int 2020 13;2020:3896754. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, China.

Paratuberculosis, a chronic and sometimes fatal disease of ruminants, is caused by subsp. (MAP). In this study, we examined paratuberculosis cases among 2-4-year-old dairy cows at farms in Shandong Province, China. Read More

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December 2020

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Causing Septic Peritonitis in Two Dogs.

Vet Med (Auckl) 2020 27;11:25-30. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

This report describes two cases of mesenteric lymphadenitis leading to septic peritonitis in two young dogs. The cases were similar in presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and length of hospitalization. Both cases presented with clinical signs of vomiting, abdominal pain, and fever and were treated successfully via surgical debridement, omentalization, and antibiotic therapy. Read More

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February 2020

A horse and a zebra: an atypical clinical picture including Guillain-Barré syndrome, recurrent fever and mesenteric lymphadenopathy caused by two concomitant infections.

Infection 2020 Jun 3;48(3):471-475. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Max von Pettenkofer-Institut für Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Medizinische Fakultät, LMU München, Munich, Germany.

Background: While Campylobacter jejuni represents the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infections are very rarely diagnosed in adults.

Case: We report on a previously healthy patient who presented several times at our hospital with fever, Guillain-Barré syndrome, recurrent abdominal symptoms and distinct mesenteric lymphadenopathy, respectively. This complicated and diagnostically challenging course of disease was caused by a C. Read More

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Reference intervals of mesenteric lymph node size according to lymphocyte counts in asymptomatic children.

PLoS One 2020 10;15(2):e0228734. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Medical Ultrasound, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.

There is no acknowledged reference interval of mesenteric lymph node size in healthy children, and the size criterion for mesenteric lymph node enlargement (MLNE) has long been controversial. This study aimed to explore the reference intervals of mesenteric lymph node size according to lymphocyte counts in asymptomatic children and to develop a more appropriate definition of MLNE. The asymptomatic children included were divided into five age strata: 2 to 3 yr; 3 to 4 yr; 4 to 5 yr; 5 to 6 yr; and 6 to 7 yr. Read More

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Multifocal cryptococcal disease in an HIV-infected patient: from diagnostic pursuit to management peculiarities.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Jan 13;13(1). Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Internal Medicine, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Cryptococcosis is a life-threatening fungal infection that affects immunocompromised patients, causing predominantly meningoencephalitis and pneumonia. Lymph node involvement is rare and its identification may not be obvious. We report the case of a patient recently diagnosed with AIDS and previously treated for cryptococcal meningitis who developed multifocal cryptococcal disease despite antifungal treatment, expressed as cervical and mediastinal lymphadenitis and constitutional symptoms. Read More

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January 2020

Can mean platelet volume, Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte, Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte, Platelet-to-Lymphocyte ratios be favourable predictors for the differential diagnosis of appendicitis?

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 May;69(5):647-654

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical Faculty, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyon karahisar, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate whether some ratios obtained from complete blood count could be favourable predictors in differentiating appendicitis from mesenteric lymphadenitis, appendicitis and familial Mediterranean fever.

Methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at AfyonKocatepe University Medical Faculty, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2016, and comprised data of patients who presented to the department of paediatric surgery and paediatrics with symptoms of acute abdomen. Mean platelet volume, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte/monocyte ratio, and platelet/lymphocyte ratio of the patients calculated at the time of admission were analysed. Read More

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Phages and Food Safety.

Viruses 2019 11 28;11(12). Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Medicum, Human Microbiome Research Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, 00014 HY Helsinki, Finland.

One of the human- and animal-pathogenic species in genus is a food-borne zoonotic pathogen that causes enteric infections, mesenteric lymphadenitis, and sometimes sequelae such as reactive arthritis and erythema nodosum. is able to proliferate at 4 C, making it dangerous if contaminated food products are stored under refrigeration. The most common source of is raw pork meat. Read More

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November 2019

Selection of Pneumatic Reduction in Invagination Treatment and the Factors Affecting the Success of This Method.

Cureus 2019 Oct 16;11(10):e5928. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Pediatric Surgery, Harran University Faculty of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, TUR.

Objective To retrospectively evaluate the success rates of fluoroscopy-guided pneumatic reduction in children with intussusception and to determine the risk factors and patient characteristics affecting the success of this method. Materials and methods Retrospective evaluation was made of a total of 183 children diagnosed with ultrasonography (USG) and treated in the pediatric surgery clinic between August 2010 and December 2017. Data related to gender, age (month), date of presentation, invaginated segment localizations and treatment modalities were retrieved from the patient files. Read More

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October 2019

Acute fulminant necrotizing mesenteric lymphadenitis causing bowel ischemia.

Authors:
John Alfred Carr

J Surg Case Rep 2019 Nov 6;2019(11):rjz304. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Department of Surgery, St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, 5301 McAuley Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48197, USA.

This case report documents the medical progression of a 56-year-old man who presented with a small bowel obstruction and was found to have acute fulminant necrotizing mesenteric lymphadenitis causing small intestinal ischemia. A large portion of the proximal jejunal mesentery was necrotic with vascular thrombosis leading to small bowel ischemia and obstruction. He was successfully managed surgically and survived. Read More

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November 2019

Is the presence of echo-rich periportal cuffing in the liver indicator for abdominal inflammation in pediatric patients?

Med Ultrason 2019 Aug;21(3):225-231

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hitit University Erol Olcok Training and Research Hospital, Corum, Turkey..

Aims: Hyperechoic/echo-rich periportal cuffing (ErPC) is defined as an increase in echogenicity relative to the adjacentliver parenchyma. Thickening in the periportal area may occur with proliferation of bile ducts, hemorrhage, oedema, fibrosis,inflammatory changes or a combination of these. The aim of this study is to determine which intraabdominal inflammatory diseases are associated with the presence of ErPC in the pediatric population and to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of this finding. Read More

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Acute kidney injury associated with infection: Forgotten but not gone.

Kidney Res Clin Pract 2019 Sep;38(3):347-355

Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: is known to cause fever, gastroenteritis, or acute kidney injury (AKI). There have been several infection outbreaks to date associated with ingestion of contaminated food or unsterile water. While this disease was considered to have practically been eradicated with the improvement in public health, we encountered several cases of AKI associated with infection. Read More

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September 2019

Disseminated histoplasmosis mimicking an acute appendicitis.

Malays J Pathol 2019 Aug;41(2):223-227

Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Hospital Canselor Tuanku Muhriz, Department of Internal Medicine, Infectious Disease Unit, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Introduction: Histoplasmosis can present in a myriad of clinical manifestations, which often makes its diagnosis difficult and occasionally, deceptive.

Case Report: We describe a case of a 33 years old gentleman who was clinically diagnosed as acute appendicitis at initial presentation in view of a one-week history of fever, right lower quadrant abdominal pain- and guarding at right iliac fossa. He had thrombocytopenia and lymphopenia on presentation. Read More

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Morphological and Molecular Characterization of a New Subsp. S-Type Strain Genotype in Goats.

Front Vet Sci 2019 31;6:250. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Institute for Veterinary Pathology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Paratuberculosis is a chronic bacterial disease of global importance mainly in domestic and wild ruminants, caused by subsp. (MAP). In goats, paratuberculosis is mostly caused by the "C-type" (cattle) and in a few cases by the "S-type" (sheep) strain of MAP. Read More

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Kimura disease with nephrotic syndrome in a child- A rare association.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2019 Jul-Sep;62(3):437-440

Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Lymphadenopathy along with various systemic manifestations is commonly encountered in pediatric patients, tuberculosis being the commonest etiology. Occasional patients may present a diagnostic conundrum. Here, the authors report an unusual manifestation of Kimura disease (KD) presenting as nephrotic syndrome associated with mesenteric lymphadenitis in an 11-year-old male child. Read More

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December 2019

Ulcerative, granulomatous glossitis and enteritis caused by in a heifer.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2019 Sep 26;31(5):783-787. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Sciences, College of Agriculture Food & Environment, University of Kentucky, Lexington KY (Saied, Bolin).

infection in horses is common and is characterized by pyogranulomatous pneumonia and ulcerative enterocolitis. clinical disease in cattle, however, is rare and typically manifests as granulomatous lymphadenitis discovered in the abattoir. A 19-mo-old female Santa Gertrudis had a history of intermittent inappetence and weight loss for a 3-mo period before euthanasia. Read More

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September 2019

Evaluation of Mesenteric Lymph Nodes in a Pediatric Population with Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Using Superb Microvascular Imaging.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Jul 18;25:5336-5342. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Department of Ultrasound, Pudong New Area Peoples' Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate superb microvascular imaging (SMI) as an adjunctive imaging method to evaluate mesenteric lymph nodes in children with mesenteric lymphadenitis compared with healthy children. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective study compared children with mesenteric lymphadenitis (n=27) and healthy children (n=30). Lymph node size was determined using grayscale ultrasonography and parameters of lymph node vascularity were compared using color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) and SMI. Read More

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Mesenteric Tuberculosis Masquerading as Carcinoid Tumor on Conventional Imaging and DOTANOC Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography: Uncommon Presentation of a Common Disease.

Indian J Nucl Med 2019 Jul-Sep;34(3):216-219

Department of Radio-Diagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Carcinoid tumor of the mesentery has a classical imaging morphology. A specific diagnosis can often be provided on the basis of clinical history, elevated serum neuroendocrine markers, and uptake on somatostatin receptor-based radiotracer studies. Although a number of inflammatory and neoplastic conditions may mimic carcinoid tumor on many of these modalities, uptake on Ga-DOTANOC positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is considered specific. Read More

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Pyogranulomatous enteritis and mesenteric lymphadenitis in an adult llama caused by carrying virulence-associated protein A gene.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2019 Sep 5;31(5):747-751. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Oregon Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Departments of Biomedical Sciences (Löhr, O'Neill).

We report herein infection in an 11-y-old, male llama with a history of diarrhea and endoparasitism. Postmortem examination revealed granulomatous and ulcerative enteritis, pyogranulomatous mesenteric lymphadenitis, fibrinosuppurative peritonitis, and granulomatous hepatitis. Intralesional macrophages were laden with gram-positive cocci. Read More

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September 2019