7,346 results match your criteria Mesenteric Ischemia

[Superior Mesenteric Artery Bypass Grafting from the Ascending Aorta Using a Saphenous Vein Graft for Treatment of Acute Aortic Dissection with Abdominal Malperfusion:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 May;74(5):388-391

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

A 50-year-old man presented with abdominal pain and numbness in the right leg. He was diagnosed with type A acute aortic dissection with malperfusion of the superior mesenteric artery(SMA) and the right external iliac artery. Before median sternotomy, we made median celiotomy and anastomosed a saphenous vein graft to SMA. Read More

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From cellular function to global impact: the vascular perspective on COVID-19.

Can J Surg 2021 05 12;64(3):E289-E297. Epub 2021 May 12.

From the Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Ottawa at The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ont. (Strauss, Jetty); the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ont. (Strauss, Seo, Carrier, Jetty); the Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ont. (Carrier); and the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ont. (Carrier).

Since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic a year ago, our understanding of its effects on the vascular system has slowly evolved. At the cellular level, SARS-CoV-2 - the virus that causes COVID-19 - accesses the vascular endothelium through the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2) receptor and induces proinflammatory and prothrombotic responses. At the clinical level, these pathways lead to thromboembolic events that affect the pulmonary, extracranial, mesenteric, and lower extremity vessels. Read More

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Melatonin can be, more effective than N-acetylcysteine, protecting acute lung injury induced by intestinal ischemia-reperfusion in rat model.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 5;76:e2513. Epub 2021 May 5.

Departamento de Cirurgia, Disciplina de Anestesiologia, Dor e Medicina Intensiva, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: The current study compared the impact of pretreatment with melatonin and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the prevention of rat lung damage following intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (iIR).

Methods: Twenty-eight Wistar rats were subjected to intestinal ischemia induced by a 60 min occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Animals were divided into the following groups (n=7 per group): sham, only abdominal incision; SS+iIR, pretreated with saline solution and iIR; NAC+iIR, pretreated with NAC (20 mg/kg) and iIR; MEL+iIR, pretreated with melatonin (20 mg/kg) and iIR. Read More

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Successful Coil Embolization Treatment of a Large Arterioportal Fistula: A Rare Cause of Mesenteric Ischemia.

Cureus 2021 Apr 6;13(4):e14322. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Radiology, Ascension Providence/Michigan State University, Southfield, USA.

Superior mesenteric arteriovenous fistulae (SMAVF) are a rare complication from trauma or iatrogenic surgical intervention. There are less than 50 cases reported in the literature and no clear guidelines as to the best practices for diagnosis and treatment. SMAVF are often asymptomatic but can present with nonspecific abdominal symptoms ranging from nausea and vomiting to gastrointestinal bleeding and mesenteric ischemia. Read More

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Ligustilide Prevents Radiation Enteritis by Targeting Gch1/BH/eNOS to Improve Intestinal Ischemia.

Front Pharmacol 2021 22;12:629125. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Pharmacy, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, Xi'an, China.

There is a high incidence of radiation enteritis (RE) after abdominal radiotherapy. The occurrence of RE seriously affects the treatment and quality of life of patients; however, its pathogenesis is complex and there are no effective drugs for its prevention or treatment. Intestinal ischemia plays an important role in the occurrence of enteritis. Read More

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Treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm by prosthetic vessel replacement under left heart bypass.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Apr;46(4):400-403

Department of Anesthesiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China.

Objectives: Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) prosthetic vessel replacement is one of the most complex operations in the field of cardiovascular surgery. The key to success of this operation is to prevent and avoid ischemia of important organs while repairing TAAA. This study aims to summarize and analyze the effect of prosthetic vessel replacement under left heart bypass in the treatment of TAAA. Read More

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The protective effects of topiramate on intestinal injury induced with infrarenal aortic occlusion via oxidative stress and apoptosis.

Clin Exp Hypertens 2021 May 10:1-6. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey.

: Prolonged surgical procedures and some clinical conditions such as surgeries of thoracoabdominal aorta, mesenteric ischemia, cardiopulmonary bypass, strangulated hernias and neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis may cause decreased perfusion and injury of relevant organs and tissues. After reperfusion, injuries may get worse, leading to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Reperfusion following arterial clamping allows oxygen to ischemic tissues and produce injury by multiple mechanisms, including neutrophilic infiltration, intracellular adhesion molecules, and generation of reactive oxygen radicals. Read More

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Impact of lockdown on emergency general surgery during first 2020 COVID-19 outbreak.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

General and Emergency Surgery Division, Robotic and Emergency Surgery Department, A. Manzoni Hospital, ASST Lecco, Lecco, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate and analyze the impact of lockdown strategy due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on emergency general surgery (EGS) in the Milan area at the beginning of pandemic outbreak.

Methods: A survey was distributed to 14 different hospitals of the Milan area to analyze the variation of EGS procedures. Each hospital reported the number of EGS procedures in the same time frame comparing 2019 and 2020. Read More

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A Rare Case of Acute Mesenteric Ischemia in the Setting of COVID-19 Infection.

Cureus 2021 Mar 29;13(3):e14174. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Internal Medicine, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, USA.

Severe respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is well known for causing respiratory and other extrapulmonary manifestations. Patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may demonstrate atypical presentations with gastrointestinal symptoms. Clinicians managing these patients should reserve a high index of suspicion for the rare complication of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI). Read More

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Does pre-operative embolization of a replaced right hepatic artery before pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma affect postoperative morbidity and R0 resection? A bi-centric French cohort study.

HPB (Oxford) 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Haut Lévêque Hospital, CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; Department of Research, INSERM UMR 1035, CHU Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:

Background: Sacrificing a replaced right hepatic artery (rRHA) from the superior mesenteric artery is occasionally necessary to obtain an R0 resection after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA). Preoperative embolization (PEA) of the rRHA has been proposed to avoid the onset of postoperative biliary and ischemic liver complications.

Methods: Eighteen patients with cephalic PA with an rRHA underwent PEA of the rRHA from 2013 to 2019. Read More

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Effectiveness of Intraoperative Indocyanine Green Fluorescence-Navigated Surgery for Superior Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis that Developed During Treatment for Intravascular Lymphoma: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 30;22:e929549. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Surgery, Sunagawa City Medical Center, Sunagawa, Hokkaido, Japan.

BACKGROUND Superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (SMVT) is a relatively rare form of acute abdominal disease; less than 0.1% of laparotomy surgeries are performed for SMVT. In the presence of severe intestinal ischemia or necrosis caused by SMVT, immediate surgical intervention is required. Read More

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Prospects of Intraoperative Multimodal OCT Application in Patients with Acute Mesenteric Ischemia.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Apr 15;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Institute of Experimental Oncology and Biomedical Technologies, Privolzhsky Research Medical University, 10/1 Minin and Pozharsky Sq., 603950 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.

Introduction: Despite the introduction of increasingly multifaceted diagnostic techniques and the general advances in emergency abdominal and vascular surgery, the outcome of treatment of patients with acute impaired intestinal circulation remains unsatisfactory. The non-invasive and high-resolution technique of optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be used intraoperatively to assess intestine viability and associated conditions that frequently emerge under conditions of impaired blood circulation. This study aims to demonstrate the effectiveness of multimodal (MM) OCT for intraoperative diagnostics of both the microstructure (cross-polarization OCT mode) and microcirculation (OCT angiography mode) of the small intestine wall in patients with acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI). Read More

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Estradiol prevented intestinal ischemia and reperfusion-induced changes in intestinal permeability and motility in male rats.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 26;76:e2683. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) in the intestine could lead to severe endothelial injury, compromising intestinal motility. Reportedly, estradiol can control local and systemic inflammation induced by I/R injury. Thus, we investigated the effects of estradiol treatment on local repercussions in an intestinal I/R model. Read More

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Segmental Bowel Hypoenhancement on CT Predicts Ischemic Mesenteric Laceration After Blunt Trauma.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2021 Apr 28:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 22 S Greene St, Baltimore, MD 21201.

The objectives of this study were to examine the performance of CT in the diagnosis of ischemic mesenteric laceration after blunt trauma and to assess the predictive value of various CT signs for this injury. In this retrospective study, consecutive patients with bowel and mesenteric injury diagnosed by CT or surgery from January 2011 through December 2016 were analyzed. Two radiologists evaluated CT images for nine signs of bowel injury. Read More

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[Intraparenchymal hemorrhage related to cerebral venous air embolism secondary to mesenteric ischemia].

Rev Neurol 2021 May;72(9):333-335

Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, España.

Introduction: The presence of air in vascular structures of the brain can lead to neurological symptoms and significant morbidity. It usually occurs as a consequence of invasive therapeutic procedures and is very rarely triggered by any other cause.

Case Report: We report the case of a 76-year-old woman with a history of atrial fibrillation anticoagulated with acenocoumarol who visited the Emergency department because of sudden-onset abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea. Read More

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Postoperative new-onset atrial fibrillation causing acute embolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(17):e25700

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Postoperative atrial fibrillation following noncardiac surgery increases mortality, length of hospital stay, and medical expenses; moreover, compared to nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, it poses a similar risk of thromboembolic complications. In this report, we discuss our decision-making process for diagnosis and treatment in case with unexpected postoperative new-onset atrial fibrillation causing acute mesenteric ischemia.

Patient Concerns: A 78-year-old male patient received varicose vein stripping and ligation in his right leg. Read More

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Chronic mesenteric ischemia: Diagnosis and management.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, The John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, The Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland, Ochsner Medical Center, 1514 Jefferson Highway, New Orleans, LA 70121, United States of America. Electronic address:

Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is an uncommon, potentially underdiagnosed clinical condition. Although there is a high prevalence of mesenteric artery stenoses (MAS), an abundant collateral network in the mesenteric circulation mitigates occurrence of ischemia. The most common etiology of CMI is atherosclerosis. Read More

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Anatomical study of the inferior mesenteric vein using three-dimensional computed tomography angiography in laparoscopy-assisted surgery for left-sided colorectal cancer.

Surg Today 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Sakuragaoka 8-35-1, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.

Purpose: To investigate the drainage patterns of the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) and measure the distance from the root of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) to the IMV using preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) angiography in patients undergoing surgery for left-sided colorectal cancer.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we analyzed data collected prospectively on 167 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic left-sided colorectal cancer surgery between July, 2014 and August, 2019. The drainage pattern of the IMV and the distance from the root of the IMA to the IMV were evaluated using 3D-CT angiography. Read More

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Intestinal thromboangiitis obliterans: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 23;15(1):215. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Background: Thromboangiitis obliterans or Buerger's disease is a form of peripheral vascular disease in young male smokers. The involvement of the intestine occurs in only about 2% of the cases, when they may present as acute abdomen due to mesenteric ischemia. The uncommonness of the condition makes it a less suspected differential diagnosis, leading to a delay in appropriate management, thereby increasing chances of morbidity or mortality. Read More

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Mesenteric ischemia following large left ventricular fibroid thrombosis due to myocardial infarction: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 26;81:105833. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Msc of Medical Surgical Nursing, Department of Nursing, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Left ventricular thrombosis is a common complication of acute myocardial infarction, usually occurring after anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction, akinesis, and extensive dyskinesia of the apex, anterolateral, or anteroseptal. In this article, we report a case of myocardial infarction with left ventricular thrombosis.

Case Presentation: A 45-year-old man was referred to our hospital with complaints of severe epigastric pain, sweating, fever, and tachycardia. Read More

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Impact of Ischemia-reperfusion on Outcomes after Open Mesenteric Bypass for Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Vascular Surgery & Endovascular Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Objective: Significant physiologic perturbations can occur in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) undergoing open mesenteric bypass (OMB). These events are frequently attributed to ischemia-reperfusion(I/R) events and are directly implicated in multiple organ dysfunction (MOD). Scoring systems [MOD and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA)] have been derived within critical care literature to provide a composite metric for these pathophysiologic changes. Read More

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The importance of serum intestinal fatty acid-binding protein for the early diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2021 May;27(3):278-283

Department of General Surgery, Üsküdar Anadolu Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.

Background: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI), although relatively rare, is an emergency condition with high mortality rates (60-80%) attributed to lack of early diagnosis. The aim of this experimental study was to observe the changes in serum intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) levels over time in the AMI model by ligating superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in rats and to compare with the serum I-FABP levels of the rats in the control group.

Methods: Twenty rats were randomly allocated into two groups as control and ischemia group. Read More

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The effect of comorbidity on early clinical decision making in acute mesenteric ischemia.

Acta Chir Belg 2021 Apr 28:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

General Surgery Department, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia.

Introduction: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a surgical emergency with a high mortality and morbidity rate. Prompt diagnosis and early surgical management are the cornerstones of management. In certain patients, however, treatment is futile and early palliative care, lessens patient, and family distress. Read More

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Acute Mesenteric Ischemia: A Challenge for the Acute Care Surgeon.

J M Kärkkäinen

Scand J Surg 2021 Apr 19:14574969211007590. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Heart Center, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

Acute mesenteric ischemia is considered uncommon, but it appears to be more frequent cause of acute abdomen than appendicitis or ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in elderly patients. Surgical treatment without revascularization is associated with high overall mortality, up to 80%. The modern treatment of acute mesenteric ischemia requires collaboration of gastrointestinal surgeons, vascular surgeons, and interventional radiologists. Read More

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Atherosclerosis is a risk factor of mortality in patients with non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia.

Tomoyuki Kawada

Eur J Radiol 2021 Apr 15;139:109720. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, 113-8602, Japan. Electronic address:

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Abdominal Computed Tomography Angiography and Venography in Evaluation of Hemorrhagic and Thrombotic lesions in Hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Clin Imaging 2021 Apr 14;79:12-19. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Shamplion Street, Alexandria 21131, Egypt. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report imaging findings at computed tomography angiography (CTA) and venography (CTV) of the abdomen and pelvis in evaluation of hemorrhagic and thrombotic lesions in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.

Methods: In this retrospective observational study, patients admitted to a single tertiary care center from April 1 to July 20, 2020, who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and developed acute abdominal pain or decreasing hemoglobin levels over the course of hospitalization were included. Abdominal CTA/CTV imaging studies performed in these patients were reviewed, and acute hemorrhagic or thromboembolic findings were recorded. Read More

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Disaster Diagnoses in Geriatric Patients with Abdominal Pain.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2021 May;39(2):347-360

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Care of geriatric patients with abdominal pain can pose significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to emergency physicians. Older adults rarely present with classic signs, symptoms, and laboratory abnormalities. The incidence of life-threatening emergencies, including abdominal aortic aneurysm, mesenteric ischemia, perforated viscus, and other surgical emergencies, is high. Read More

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Two Cases of Spontaneous Isolated Dissection of Superior Mesenteric Artery in One Night: Report of a (Noninvasive) Double Challenge.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 13;22:e929538. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Medical Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "GF Ingrassia" - Radiology Unit I, University Hospital "Policlinico-San Marco", Catania, Italy.

BACKGROUND Spontaneous isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SID-SMA) is a rare but potentially fatal condition. Although many cases of SID-SMA have been reported in the literature in recent years because of the increased use of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning, optimal management has not yet been firmly established. CASE REPORT We report 2 cases of SID-SMA that were managed with stenting and angioplasty via transfemoral access. Read More

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Insulin Resistance and Pellino-1 Mediated Decrease in the Activities of Vasodilator Signaling Contributes to Sunitinib-Induced Hypertension.

Front Pharmacol 2021 25;12:617165. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Departments of Cardiology and Clinical Pharmacy, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Institute of Metabolic Disease, Heilongjiang Academy of Medical Science, Heilongjiang key laboratory for Metabolic disorder and cancer related cardiovascular diseases, and Key Laboratories of Education Ministry for Myocardial Ischemia Mechanism and Treatment, Harbin, China.

Antiangiogenic tyrosine kinases inhibitors induce hypertension, which may increase the incidents of cardiovascular complications and limit their use. However, the mechanisms by which usage of TKIs results in hypertension have not been fully understood. Here, we report the potential mechanisms of how sunitinib, a widely used TKI, induces hypertension. Read More

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Hyperspectral imaging and indocyanine green fluorescence angiography in acute mesenteric ischemia: A case report on how to visualize intestinal perfusion.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 1;82:105853. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Visceral, Transplant, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Introduction And Importance: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a challenging acute condition which is often caused by occlusion of an intestinal vessel. Therapeutic algorithms include revascularization of the occluded vessel and a surgical procedure to remove necrotic intestine. Sometimes necrotic intestine is hard to identify visually. Read More

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