Semin Cancer Biol 2020 10 3;65:114-122. Epub 2020 Jan 3.
Department of Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, CT, United States. Electronic address:
Advances in immunotherapy, most notably antibodies targeting the inhibitory immune receptors cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4/CD152), programmed death protein 1 (PD-1/CD279) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1/B7H1/CD274) have become effective standard therapies in advanced malignancies including melanoma,1-4 merkel cell carcinoma5, urological cancers6-8, non-small cell lung cancer9-11, mis-match repair (MMR) deficient tumors12, and Hodgkin lymphoma with response rates ranging from 25 to 60% in the first and second line settings13,14. FDA approval has also been given for treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma, gastric cancer, triple negative breast cancer, cervical and head and neck cancers with response rates closer to 15 %15. Additionally, some clinical efficacy has been observed in ovarian cancer, mesothelioma, prostate cancer, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and both cutaneous and peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Read More