564,596 results match your criteria Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 7;51(5):2198-2211. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Institute for Brain Research and Rehabilitation, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou,
Background/aims: Our previous study demonstrated that a deficiency of microRNA 21 (miR-21) protects mice from acute pancreatitis, yet the underlying molecular networks associated with miR-21 in pancreatitis and pancreatitis-associated lung injury remain unexplored.
Methods: We used next generation sequencing to analyze gene expression profiles of pancreatic tissues from wild-type (WT) and miR-21 knockout (KO) mice treated with caerulein by using a 1-day treatment protocol. The Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery gene annotation tool and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis were used to analyze the molecular pathways, while quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry were used to explore the molecular mechanisms. Read More
Psychopathology 2018 Dec 11:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Philosophy, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Background/aims: Disturbances in first person experience is a broadly noted feature of schizophrenia, which cannot be reduced to the expression of psychopathology. Yet, though categorically linked with profound suffering, these disturbances are often ignored by most contemporary treatment models.
Methods: In this paper, we present a model, which suggests that deficits in metacognition and their later resolution parsimoniously explain the development of self-disturbance and clarify how persons can later recover. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 4;271:454-458. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL USA.
Children with severe aggressive behavioral problems are one of the groups most frequently referred to mental health clinics, and they engage in behaviors that put them at risk for substance use problems and a host of other negative outcomes. The present study aimed to assess the long-term outcome (six-year follow up) of the Coping Power Program delivered in a mental health hospital for children with behavioral disorders. We recruited one hundred and twenty children (mean age = 9. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 3;271:421-427. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Maastricht University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht, the Netherlands; KU Leuven, Department of Neuroscience, Research Group Psychiatry, Leuven, Belgium.
Research has found that Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms (OCS) in schizophrenia are associated with either more or less negative symptoms and either better or poorer cognitive functioning. In order to explain these contradictory results, (Lysaker et al., 2004), performed a cluster analysis resulting in 2 OCS positive (OCSpos) clusters, one with higher functioning (HF) and one with poorer functioning (PF) compared to 2 OCS negative (OCSneg) clusters. Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:189-200. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
Background: Children in out-of-home care are consistently found to have poor mental health compared to children in the general population. However, UK research has so far failed to disentangle the impact of the care system on children's mental health outcomes from the effects of the adverse circumstances that led to their admission to care.
Objective: This research investigated the association between care placement and the presence of child mental health problems after controlling for children's pre-care experiences. Read More
Sleep Med Rev 2018 Nov 16;43:96-105. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine University of Freiburg, Germany.
Previous research has identified insomnia as a predictor for the onset of depression. The aim of this meta-analysis is to investigate whether insomnia also predicts the onset of other mental disorders. Longitudinal studies were eligible for inclusion if they investigated insomnia at baseline (including nighttime- and daytime-symptoms) as a predictor of the later onset of psychopathology within a follow-up time-frame of at least 12 mo. Read More
Neuropharmacology 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:
Impaired ventral hippocampal (VH)-prefrontal cortex (PFC) connectivity is implicated in many cognitive and behavioral disorders. Excitotoxic neonatal VH (nVH) lesion in rat pups has been shown to induce synaptic pruning in the PFC as well as behavioral changes of relevance to developmental neuropsychiatric disorders. In the current study, we hypothesized that microglia, immune cells required for proper brain development and plasticity, may play a role in the development of abnormal behaviors in the nVH-lesioned animals. Read More
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2018 Dec 10;315(6):R1272-R1280. Epub 2018 Oct 10.
Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine , Atlanta, Georgia.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, blunted parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity, and impaired baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), which contribute to accelerated cardiovascular disease. Patients with PTSD also have chronic stress-related elevations in resting blood pressure (BP), often in the prehypertensive range; yet, it is unclear if elevated resting blood pressure (ERBP) augments these autonomic derangements in PTSD. We hypothesized that compared with normotensive PTSD (N-PTSD), those with ERBP (E-PTSD) have further increased SNS, decreased PNS activity, and impaired BRS at rest and exaggerated SNS reactivity, PNS withdrawal, and pressor responses during stress. Read More
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
SHANK3 has been identified as the causative gene of 22q13.3 microdeletion syndrome phenotype. De novo mutations (DNMs) of SHANK3 were subsequently identified in patients with several neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia (SCZ), a Rett syndrome-like phenotype, and intellectual disability (ID). Read More
Milbank Q 2018 Dec;96(4):675-705
Friends of Parkside.
Policy Points Engaging and involving underrepresented communities when setting research priorities could make the scientific research agenda more equitable, more just, and more responsive to their needs and values. Groups and individuals from minority and underserved communities strongly prioritized child health and mental health research, often choosing to invest at the highest possible level. Groups consisting of predominantly Native American or Arab American participants invested in culture and beliefs research at the highest level, while many groups did not select it at all. Read More
Genet Epidemiol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Computational and Statistical Genomics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland.
We develop linear mixed models (LMMs) and functional linear mixed models (FLMMs) for gene-based tests of association between a quantitative trait and genetic variants on pedigrees. The effects of a major gene are modeled as a fixed effect, the contributions of polygenes are modeled as a random effect, and the correlations of pedigree members are modeled via inbreeding/kinship coefficients. -statistics and χ likelihood ratio test (LRT) statistics based on the LMMs and FLMMs are constructed to test for association. Read More
Obes Rev 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Center of Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
Obesity is a major problem in the modern world causing a higher risk for various cerebrovascular diseases causing a profound individual and societal burden. The neurobiological foundation bears potential to understand the complex interaction of individual differences in brain structure and function and ingestive behaviour. This systematic review was performed on the current evidence of structural abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in patients with obesity based on studies published until December 2017, which were selected through search in PubMed, CENTER (Cochrane Library), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Ovid MEDLINE. Read More
J Med Virol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Division of Mental and Physical Health, Department of Chronic Diseases and Ageing, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
Objectives: Direct genotyping of adenovirus or enterovirus from clinical material using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by Sanger sequencing is often difficult due to the presence of multiple virus types in a sample, or due to varying efficacy of PCR amplifying the capsid gene on the background of foreign nucleic acids. Here we present a simple protocol for virus genotyping using massive parallel amplicon sequencing.
Methods: The protocol utilized a set of 16 tailed degenerate primers flanking the seventh hypervariable region of the adenovirus hexon gene and 9 tailed degenerate primers targeted to the proximal portion of the enterovirus VP1 gene. Read More
J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
School of Nursing, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia.
Aims: To examine the effectiveness of a self-management intervention compared with usual care in adults with chronic kidney disease on self-management, knowledge, self-efficacy, health-related quality of life and blood pressure.
Design: A parallel group randomized controlled trial.
Methods: Patients aged ≥ 18 years with chronic kidney disease stages 3-5 were recruited between November 2015 - June 2016. Read More
Early Interv Psychiatry 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Aim: Despite recommendations from national guidelines, individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP) are currently unlikely to have the effects of their traumatic experiences assessed and treated within psychosis treatment. This may be due to the mismatch between the objectives of trauma-specific treatments (directly targeting post-traumatic stress symptoms by talking about the trauma) and trauma-informed care (limiting practices that may retraumatise clients). We aimed to gain an understanding of what it was like for young people to talk about trauma in FEP treatment, and how their experiences related to the broad conceptualisations of trauma-informed and trauma-specific treatment approaches. Read More
J Clin Periodontol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.
Aim: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with periodontal traits considering genetic and environmental background in predominantly older female twins.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires for periodontal traits in TwinsUK. Age-adjusted and age-stratified multivariate analyses were conducted for all twins. Read More
Am J Addict 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
The Yale Stress Center, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
Background And Objectives: Neuroactive steroids (NAS) may play a role in addiction, with observed increases in response to acute stress and drug use, but decreases with chronic substance use, suggesting that NAS neuroadaptations may occur with chronic substance use. However, levels of NAS in addicted individuals have not been systematically examined. Here, we evaluated a panel of NAS in men and women with cocaine use disorder (CUD) who participated in a clinical laboratory study of progesterone. Read More
Mov Disord 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
MIND Institute, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, USA.
Background: Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder associated with premutation alleles of the FMR1 gene. Expansions of more than 200 CGG repeats give rise to fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of cognitive impairment. Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome is characterized by cerebellar tremor and ataxia, and the presence of ubiquitin-positive inclusions in neurons and astrocytes. Read More
Am J Community Psychol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University, New York, NY, USA.
In this paper, we detail our praxis of decoloniality in the context of a community-based study that employs a quantitative experimental methodology to evaluate an intervention for girls involved in the juvenile legal system. We resist the essentializing of methodology that positions quantitative paradigms as impermeable to reflexivity and decoloniality, and describe a model for training and supervising researchers engaged in an experimental randomized controlled trial of an advocacy program for girls, most of whom are girls of color and about half of whom identify as LGBT. In this way, we consider researcher training as a critical teaching context and describe the ways in which our training, community-based data collection, and supervision structure are anchored in de/anti/post colonial and indigenous scholarships. Read More
Med Educ 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, District of Columbia, USA.
J Intellect Disabil Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Human Development and Family Studies, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
Background: Parenting behaviours influence many domains of child development, and recent work has demonstrated the specific effects of parenting on the development of executive function (EF) abilities. The relationship between parent-child interaction patterns and EF has been examined in typically developing (TD) children but has not yet been examined in dyads where the child has a diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS).
Method: The current study examines the differences in patterns of parenting behaviours between DS dyads and dyads with TD children equated on nonverbal mental age. Read More
J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Geriatric Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Background/objectives: Normative Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) reference values in elderly are scarce. Therefore, the aim is to present normative MMSE values for 85-93 year olds.
Design: A longitudinal age cohort study. Read More
Brain Behav 2018 Dec 8:e01169. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Queen Mary University of London, Blizard Institute, London, UK.
Social capital (SC) is a broad term that encompasses the many resources derived from social connections. The contemporary study of SC in public health has deep roots in the related fields of sociology, economics, and politics. Its multidisciplinary nature and the varying potential ways it could affect individuals have resulted in different but overlapping models to approach SC in the health field. Read More
Am J Addict 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.
Background And Objectives: Pathological gambling often co-occurs with other psychiatric disorders. Gender differences in treatment-seeking behaviors among patients with pathological gambling diagnosis remain poorly understood. This study assessed gender differences in healthcare services utilization in patients seeking treatment for pathological gambling, substance use, and mental health co-occurring conditions. Read More
Public Health Nurs 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Community Health Nursing, Towson University, Fallston, Maryland.
Patients with comorbid substance abuse, mental health disorders, and chronic health conditions face difficult challenges when attempting to access health care. A large gospel rescue mission developed an onsite wellness center, based on an integrated, embedded practice health home model, to promote health care access among homeless men in addiction recovery. The center model integrated primary care with behavioral health, specialty care referrals, and wellness services to address the multifaceted needs of the population. Read More
Health Promot J Austr 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
School of Health and Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.
Aim: In addition to food, physical activity, mental health and environmental benefits, community gardens (CGs) provide opportunities for social inclusion and increased social capital. These are particularly important to the socially isolated residents of Social Housing Developments (SHD). This scoping study explored the feasibility of a CG program for tenants of social housing development in inner eastern Melbourne by assessing their interest in, and requirements for, inclusively designed CGs. Read More
Child Dev 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Norwegian Institute of Public Health and University of Oslo.
Do associations between maternal anxiety symptoms and offspring mental health remain after comparing differentially exposed siblings? Participants were 17,724 offspring siblings and 11,553 mothers from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study. Mothers reported anxiety and depressive symptoms at 30 weeks' gestation, and 0.5, 1. Read More
Nurs Forum 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Center of Innovation in Long-Term Services and Supports, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI.
Natural disasters impact people of every age in the communities where they occur, with older adults being a vulnerable subset of the population. Most disaster shelter volunteer nurses are experienced in addressing common health needs of older adult clients such as diabetes, hypertension, and pulmonary disease. These nurses also have the requisite training to respond to more acute medical events, including the symptoms of a heart attack or stroke. Read More
Dev Med Child Neurol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.
Aim: To examine: (1) relationships between brain structure, and concurrently assessed neurological and behavioural functioning, in infants born preterm at term-equivalent age (TEA; approximately 38-44wks); and (2) whether brain structure-function relationships differ between infants born very (24-29wks) and moderate-late (32-36wks) preterm.
Method: A total of 257 infants (91 very preterm, 166 moderate-late preterm; 120 males, 137 females) had structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurological and behavioural assessments (Prechtl's general movements assessment, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale [NNNS] and Hammersmith Neonatal Neurological Examination [HNNE]). Two hundred and sixty-three infants (90 very preterm, 173 moderate-late preterm; 131 males, 132 females) had diffusion MRI and assessments. Read More
Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
The pneumatization of the articular tubercle (PAT) of the temporal squama is a rare condition that modifies the barrier between the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) space and the middle cranial fossa. During a routine examination of the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) files of patients who were scanned for dental medical purposes, we identified a case with multiple rare anatomic variations. First, the petrous apex was bilaterally pneumatized. Read More
Tijdschr Psychiatr 2018 ;60(12):817-826
Background: Few data are available on predictors for the transition of individuals with mental illness to more independent forms of housing.
AIM: To analyse which variables predict the transition of individuals with severe mental illness from supported housing within the Dutch community housing programs (CHP) to more independent ways of living.
METHOD: Data of 1569 participants were analysed using Cox regression analysis. Read More
Qual Life Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Dyscovery Centre, University of South Wales, Innovation House, William Price Business Park, Treforest, Pontypridd, UK.
Purpose: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an estimated prevalence of 2-6% in school-aged children. Children with DCD score lower in multiple quality of life (QOL) domains. However, the effect of a child's DCD on their parents' and family's QOL has not previously been assessed in a UK population. Read More
Behav Genet 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Mental Disorders, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
A statistical mediation model was developed within a twin design to investigate the etiology of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Unlike conventional statistical mediation models, this biometric mediation model can detect unobserved confounding. Using a sample of 1410 pairs of Norwegian twins, we investigated specific hypotheses that DSM-IV personality-disorder (PD) traits mediate effects of childhood stressful life events (SLEs) on AUD, and that adulthood SLEs mediate effects of PDs on AUD. Read More
Neuropsychol Rev 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PA3.227, PO box 22660, 1100DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
It is important to find new treatments for addiction due to high relapse rates despite current interventions and due to expansion of the field with non-substance related addictive behaviors. Neuromodulation may provide a new type of treatment for addiction since it can directly target abnormalities in neurocircuits. We review literature on five neuromodulation techniques investigated for efficacy in substance related and behavioral addictions: transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), (repetitive) transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), EEG, fMRI neurofeedback and deep brain stimulation (DBS) and additionally report on effects of these interventions on addiction-related cognitive processes. Read More
Neuropsychol Rev 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
School of Psychology, Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia.
There appears to be a link between depression/anxiety/PTSD and dementia, although the evidence is incomplete and the reason is unclear. Mental illness may cause dementia or may be prodromal or comorbid with dementia, or dementia may trigger a relapse of symptoms in individuals with a history of mental illness. This study examined the link between depression/anxiety/PTSD and dementia by evaluating the prevalence of these disorders in people with dementia, relative to their healthy peers. Read More
J Neurol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Neurology, Sjællands Universitetshospital, Sygehusvej 10, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark.
Background And Aims: Metronidazole, a commonly used antibiotic drug, can cause adverse effects in the central nervous system termed metronidazole-induced encephalopathy, leading to diagnostic challenges. The condition is rare and a detailed description of its phenotype is lacking. In this systematic review we investigated the clinical features of metronidazole-induced encephalopathy to promote recognition and elaborate the description. Read More
Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Centre for Prognosis Studies in the Rheumatic Diseases, Krembil Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Objectives: The mean age at onset of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) ranges between the 4th-6th decades of life. However, little is known about fertility and pregnancy outcome in PsA patients. The aim of this study was to examine whether fertility and pregnancy outcome of PsA patients are different from healthy controls and to evaluate PsA and psoriasis disease activity perception during pregnancy and the year postpartum. Read More
Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza - University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 336, 00161, Rome, Italy.
Hoarding is defined as the acquisition of, and failure to discard, possessions of little use or value to others, usually associated with a significant degree of clutter in the individual's home. We describe a case of a woman who died from a combined traumatic and confined space asphyxia, after being trapped under some of the objects amassed in her apartment. The event was considered to be accidental; by taking into account the information gathered during assessment of the scene, we believe that the accident took place while entering or exiting the apartment. Read More
J Behav Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive (8012), La Jolla, CA, 92093-0812, USA.
Implementation and sustainment of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) is influenced by outer (e.g., broader environments in which organizations operate) and inner (e. Read More
Community Ment Health J 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.
Understanding patient-physician relationships in mental care services is an indispensable element to improve the quality of mental care, yet little is known about it in Iran. This study measured the attitudes of the patients' family and personal caregivers (FPCs) and psychiatrists toward patient-centered care. A sample of 88 FPCs of mental patients and 29 psychiatrists in four teaching hospitals of Isfahan city, Iran, providing mental care, were asked to complete the patient-practitioner orientation scale (PPOS). Read More
Community Ment Health J 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Philosophy, Education, Sociology and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Via Venezia 14, Padua, Italia.
The phenomenon of hearing voices is currently a much-discussed topic, both in the field of research and in the field of care services. The majority of people who report "hearing voices" do not subsequently receive services or receive a diagnosis of psychopathology. This topic raises questions for professionals in the health field about the lack of tools that can help illuminate the phenomenon. Read More
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562, Lübeck, Germany.
Purpose: The effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model includes extrinsic and intrinsic aspects of work stress. The single components, ERI and overcommitment (OC), are known to be associated with mental health. The aim of this study was to test whether OC is a mediator of the association between ERI and mental health. Read More
J Neurovirol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
Age and HIV disease have additive effects on neural systems that support motor functioning. The current study examined the combined impact of aging and HIV on extrapyramidal motor functions, which were hypothesized to influence on activities of daily living (ADLs) and quality of life (QoL). Participants included 336 adults classified by HIV serostatus and age. Read More
Surg Today 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima City, Fukushima, 960-8072, Japan.
Purpose: This review summarizes the recent progress made in understanding the skill acquisition process of achieving expert status in various fields that require fine motor skills. We discuss the attempts to apply this progress to develop competent surgeons.
Methods: We reviewed the existing literature, using the keywords "surgical training", "skill acquisition", and "simulator-based training", using Medline, as well as recent books and chapters related to these issues. Read More
Acad Psychiatry 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Stanford University, Stanford, USA.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Institut Universitaire de France, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
Purpose: To evaluate the associations between the presence of a grand parent at home that is three-generation household, with children mental health in diverse countries whether this situation is frequent or not.
Methods: Data from the School Children Mental Health in Europe cross-sectional survey in six countries (n = 4582) were used to examine the association between three-generation households and child mental health across Europe. The parent and teacher Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was combined to assess child mental clinical problems. Read More
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.
Purpose: People with severe mental ill health (SMI) are less physically active and more sedentary than the general population. There is limited research investigating the correlates of physical activity (PA) in people with SMI impeding the development of successful interventions. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with regular participation of PA among a large sample of people with SMI. Read More
Psychol Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Center on Autobiographical Memory Research, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 11, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.
Spontaneous future cognitions refer to mental representations about the future that enter consciousness with no immediately preceding attempt of bringing them to mind. They are studied under different terms in several areas of psychology, but with little interdisciplinary exchange of findings and theoretical developments. Different conceptions of spontaneous future cognition derive from separate literatures and are rarely considered together, leaving their potential conceptual overlaps as well as their unique features unclarified. Read More
J Gen Intern Med 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
VA HSR&D Center for Health Information and Communication, Roudebush VAMC, Indianapolis, USA.
Background: Poor communication during end-of-shift transfers of care (handoffs) is associated with safety risks and patient harm. Despite the common perception that handoffs are largely a one-way transfer of information, researchers have documented that they are complex interactions, guided by implicit social norms and mental frameworks.
Objectives: We investigated communication strategies that resident physicians report deploying to tailor information during face-to-face handoffs that are often based on their implicit inferences about the perceived information needs and potential harm to patients. Read More