1,904 results match your criteria Meningitis Staphylococcal


Linezolid for therapy of meningitis: a cohort study of 26 patients.

Infect Dis (Lond) 2020 Jul 10:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Clinical Microbiology Service, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Linezolid has good penetration to the meninges and could be an alternative for treatment of meningitis. We assessed the efficacy and safety of linezolid therapy for this infection.

Methods: Retrospective multicenter cohort study of 26 adults treated with linezolid, derived from a cohort of 350 cases of meningitis diagnosed at 11 university hospitals in Spain (1981-2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23744235.2020.1789212DOI Listing

Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant ST59 in a Chinese Adult with Meningitis: A Case Report from China.

Infect Drug Resist 2020 29;13:2011-2016. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Respiratory Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant (CA-MRSA) infections are reported worldwide and are associated with serious outcomes. The majority of CA-MRSA infections are soft tissue and skin infections, and cases with meningitis caused by CA-MRSA are rare. Here, we reported a 53-year-old male patient with meningitis due to CA-MRSA infection, as confirmed by cerebrospinal fluid examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S253407DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7334018PMC

Clinical Profile and Outcome of Brain Abscess in Children from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2020 May-Jun;23(3):303-307. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background And Aims: Brain abscess is a serious and dreadful disease presenting at tertiary centre. The objective of this study was to look into the clinical profile, predisposing conditions, microbiology and outcome of children suffering from brain abscess.

Methods: 30 children up to 18 years with clinical and imaging evidence of brain abscess were taken for study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_425_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313559PMC

Staphylococcal meningitis therapy with linezolid in a young infant: efficacy, CSF levels and side effects.

Ital J Pediatr 2020 Jun 29;46(1):90. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Pediatric Medicine, Laboratory of Metabolic Biochemistry Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Linezolid is a synthetic antibiotic which is active against most Gram-positive bacteria, especially on Staphylococcus aureus. Its administration can be required when the infection is due to staphylococcus strains, which are resistant to vancomycin. Although mostly well tolerated, some mild to moderate side effects have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-020-00854-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325046PMC

Simultaneous Bilateral Orbital Cellulitis With Meningitis Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an Immunocompetent Infant.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2020 Jun 23;57:e34-e37. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

The authors report a rare case of fulminant bilateral orbital cellulitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus associated with meninigitis in a neonate. The clinical, laboratory, photographic, and radiological records are reviewed. A 17-day-old female infant presented with swelling over both upper eyelids and proptosis in both eyes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01913913-20200207-01DOI Listing

Pediatric pharmaceutical care with anti-infective medication in a patient with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis caused by methicillin-resistant .

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2020 Jan-Dec;34:2058738420925713

Department of Pharmacy, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, P.R. China.

The infection of the bone marrow system caused by methicillin-resistant (MRSA) leads to a variety of common diseases which usually occur in children under the age of 12. Vancomycin (VCM) is the first-line therapy for MRSA-caused serious infections such as bacteremia, infective endocarditis, osteomyelitis, meningitis, pneumonia, and severe skin and soft-tissue infection (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2058738420925713DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307395PMC

Wall Teichoic Acid in Staphylococcus aureus Host Interaction.

Trends Microbiol 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, Amsterdam University Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Netherlands Reference Laboratory for Bacterial Meningitis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Staphylococcus aureus is a major opportunistic human pathogen that frequently causes disease in community and hospital settings. Nasal colonization is an important risk factor for developing invasive disease. Cell wall-associated glycopolymers called wall teichoic acids (WTAs) contribute to efficient nasal colonization by S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2020.05.017DOI Listing

Aetiology of bacterial meningitis in infants aged <90 days: Prospective surveillance in Luanda, Angola.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 Jun 10;97:251-257. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Sanofi Pasteur, Epidemiology, Swiftwater, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Despite effective antibiotics and vaccines, bacterial meningitis (BM) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in young infants worldwide. Data from Africa on the aetiology and antibiotic susceptibility are scarce.

Objective: To describe the aetiology of BM in Angolan infants <90 days of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.06.016DOI Listing

ACORN (A Clinically-Oriented Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network): a pilot protocol for case based antimicrobial resistance surveillance.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 1;5:13. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) / drug resistant infections (DRIs) are a major global health priority. Surveillance data is critical to inform infection treatment guidelines, monitor trends, and to assess interventions. However, most existing AMR / DRI surveillance systems are passive and pathogen-based with many potential biases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15681.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250055.2PMC

An emergency medicine-focused review of malignant otitis externa.

Am J Emerg Med 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Brooke Army Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, 3841 Roger Brooke Dr, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, United States.

Introduction: Malignant otitis externa (MOE) is a progressive infection of the external auditory canal (EAC). This disease is rare but has severe morbidity and mortality.

Objective: This narrative review provides an overview of malignant otitis externa for emergency clinicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2020.04.083DOI Listing

Should we reconsider cefazolin for treating staphylococcal meningitis? A retrospective analysis of cefazolin and cloxacillin CSF levels in patients treated for staphylococcal meningitis.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Nantes and CIC 1413, INSERM, Nantes, France; EA 3826, Laboratory of clinical and experimental therapeutics of infections, IRS2-Nantes Biotech, Nantes, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: The main objective of the study was to assess the meningeal penetration of cefazolin and cloxacillin in patients treated for methicillin-susceptible staphylococcal meningitis.

Methods: We retrospectively identified patients treated for Staphylococcus meningitis with measurements of cefazolin or cloxacillin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using a liquid-chromatography coupled with mass-spectrometry validated assay at the Nantes University Hospital between January 2009 and October 2019. Staphylococcus meningitis was defined by a compatible clinical presentation and a microbiological confirmation (positive CSF culture or positive specific polymerase chain reaction). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2020.04.046DOI Listing

Intravenous fosfomycin for the treatment of patients with central nervous system infections: evaluation of the published evidence.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2020 May 13:1-12. Epub 2020 May 13.

Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Athens, Greece.

: Central nervous system (CNS) infections have considerable morbidity and mortality. Fosfomycin is a broad spectrum bactericidal antibiotic with favorable pharmacokinetic properties and low toxicity, satisfactory penetration in the cerebrospinal fluid and is authorized for the treatment of bacterial meningitis.: The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the available data regarding the effectiveness and safety of intravenous fosfomycin for the treatment of CNS infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14787210.2020.1754193DOI Listing

Glycopeptide Hypersensitivity and Adverse Reactions.

Pharmacy (Basel) 2020 Apr 21;8(2). Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Pharmacy Services, Mercy Gilbert Medical Center, Dignity Health, Gilbert, AZ 85297, USA.

Glycopeptides, such as vancomycin and teicoplanin, are primarily used in the treatment of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) infections, such as cellulitis, endocarditis, meningitis, pneumonia, and septicemia, and are some of the most commonly prescribed parenteral antimicrobials. Parenteral glycopeptides are first-line therapy for severe MRSA infections; however, oral vancomycin is used as a first-line treatment of infections Also, we currently have the longer-acting lipoglycopeptides, such as dalbavancin, oritavancin, and telavancin to our armamentarium for the treatment of MRSA infections. Lastly, vancomycin is often used as an alternative treatment for patients with β-lactam hypersensitivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy8020070DOI Listing

Molecular diagnosis of polymicrobial brain abscesses with 16S-rDNA-based next-generation sequencing.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2020 Mar 31. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Institut für Klinische Mikrobiologie, Immunologie und Hygiene, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: Brain abscesses lead to high mortality despite antibiotic and surgical treatment. Identification of causative bacteria is important to guide antibiotic therapy, but culture-based methods and molecular diagnostics by Sanger sequencing of 16S PCR products are hampered by antibiotic treatment and the often polymicrobial nature of brain abscesses. We have applied 16S-rRNA-based next-generation sequencing (NGS) for metagenomic analysis of intracranial abscess (brain and epidural) and meningitis samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2020.03.028DOI Listing

Epidemiology of Community-Onset Severe Bacterial Infections in Children and Its Evolution: A Population-Based Study in France.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2020 Jun;21(6):e325-e332

Inserm UMR 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team (Epopé), Centre of Research in Epidemiology and StatisticS (CRESS), Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of community-onset severe bacterial infections in children and its recent evolution.

Design: Prospective, observational, population-based study from 2009 to 2014.

Setting: An administrative area accounting for 13% of the French pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000002300DOI Listing

[Acute mastoiditis with intracranial complication in a pediatric patient].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e166-e169

Unidad de Infectología Pediátrica, Hospital Infantil Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, España.

Acute mastoiditis is an infection that affects the mastoid air-cell system, usually due to the progression of an acute otitis media. The bacteria most frequently isolated in acute mastoiditis are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. The mastoid infection can extend affecting contiguous structures and producing intra or extracranial complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e166DOI Listing

Observation and analysis of the efficacy of dexamethasone in combination with anti-infectious treatment on the pediatric refractory purulent meningitis.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2020 Jan;33(1(Special)):489-494

Department of Pediatrics, Hanchuan People's Hospital of Hubei Province, Hanchuan, Hubei, China.

To analyze the pathogenic bacteria, feature of drug resistance and the efficacy of dexamethasone as the auxiliary medication in pediatric refractory purulent meningitis (PM). The 190 refractory PM child patients were selected for the culture of pathogenic bacteria and analysis of drug resistance. In total, 190 pathogenic bacteria were detected, consisting of gram-positive bacteria (77. Read More

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January 2020

Compound isolation and biological activities of Piptadeniastrum africanum (hook.f.) Brennan roots.

J Ethnopharmacol 2020 Jun 6;255:112716. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The dicotyledonous plant Piptadeniastrum africanum (hook.f.) Brennan (Fabaceae) is used in traditional medicine to treat various human complaints including bronchitis, coughing, urino-genital ailments, meningitis, abdominal pain, treatment of wounds, malaria and gastrointestinal ailments, and is used as a purgative and worm expeller. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2020.112716DOI Listing
June 2020
2.998 Impact Factor

Antibiotic Susceptibility of Bacterial Agents Causing Meningitis in Children Older than 1 Month.

Drug Res (Stuttg) 2020 Apr 28;70(4):174-177. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The frequency and antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial meningitis in children older than one month at Children's Medical Center during 2012-2017 were evaluated in this study. The CSF samples were cultured, and antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed. The samples were cultured on chocolate agar, blood agar (for gram positive) and Mkanky (for gram negative). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1112-7006DOI Listing

Ceftaroline versus vancomycin in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in an experimental MRSA meningitis model.

J Glob Antimicrob Resist 2020 Feb 14;22:147-151. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial activity of ceftaroline versus vancomycin in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) meningitis in an experimental rabbit meningitis model.

Methods: The antibacterial activity of ceftaroline was compared with vancomycin in the treatment of meningitis induced by MRSA strain ATCC 43300 in an experimental rabbit meningitis model. Quantitative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures were performed at the beginning of antibiotic treatment and 24h and 73h after the first antibiotic dose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2020.02.001DOI Listing
February 2020

Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome following infection in an immunocompetent host: A case report and review of the literature.

IDCases 2020 9;19:e00699. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

We present a case of in an immunocompetent middle-aged woman with a disseminated manifestation of pulmonary cryptoccoma and cryptococcal meningitis resulting in bilateral blindness. The presentation was complicated by delayed diagnosis resulting in optic neuritis and an infected percutaneous lumbar drainage with methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and a paradoxical reaction of suspected immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). We discuss the pathogen, the clinical manifestations and diagnostic approach (through laboratory and radiology findings), differential diagnosis, treatment, and proposed pathogenesis of IRIS and in an immunocompetent patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2020.e00699DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7005434PMC
January 2020

Impact of HIV status and vaccination schedule on bacterial nasopharyngeal carriage following infant immunisation with the pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine in South Africa.

Vaccine 2020 Feb 5;38(10):2350-2360. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

GSK, Wavre, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Nasopharyngeal carriage (NPC) of Streptococcus pneumoniae is a precondition for pneumococcal disease and a source of transmission. This trial evaluated NPC of S. pneumoniae and other pathogens post-vaccination with the pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected (HIV+), HIV-exposed-uninfected (HEU), and HIV-unexposed-uninfected (HUU) South African children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.01.062DOI Listing
February 2020

A perspective in the management of myelomeningocoele in the KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa.

Childs Nerv Syst 2020 Jul 23;36(7):1521-1527. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Surgery, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Myelomeningocoele (MMC) is common in the developing world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and management of myelomeningocoele and to identify factors contributing to outcomes.

Methods: This was a retrospective, observational study of consecutive children diagnosed with MMC managed in the Paediatric Neurosurgery Unit at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-020-04506-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7299924PMC

Phosphatidylcholine PC ae C44:6 in cerebrospinal fluid is a sensitive biomarker for bacterial meningitis.

J Transl Med 2020 01 7;18(1). Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Research Group "Biomarkers for Infectious Diseases", TWINCORE Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 7, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Background: The timely diagnosis of bacterial meningitis is of utmost importance due to the need to institute antibiotic treatment as early as possible. Moreover, the differentiation from other causes of meningitis/encephalitis is critical because of differences in management such as the need for antiviral or immunosuppressive treatments. Considering our previously reported association between free membrane phospholipids in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and CNS involvement in neuroinfections we evaluated phosphatidylcholine PC ae C44:6, an integral constituent of cell membranes, as diagnostic biomarker for bacterial meningitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12967-019-02179-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945415PMC
January 2020

Device-Associated Meningitis by Linezolid-Resistant in a Vancomycin- Hypersensitive Patient.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Oct 11;10(4):718-720. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Postsurgical device-related meningitis caused by multidrug-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci often complicates the treatment options. We report a rare and, to our knowledge, the first clinical case report of drain-associated meningitis caused by methicillin- and linezolid-resistant following linezolid therapy in a vancomycin-hypersensitive patient subsequently treated with cotrimoxazole, resulting in clinical improvement. The molecular mechanisms responsible for linezolid resistance were found to be the presence of G2576T mutation in domain V of 23srRNA region, which often arises during linezolid usage and also carriage of gene, which promotes resistance independent of antibiotic pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3399599DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6906101PMC
October 2019

Changes in incidence and etiology of early-onset neonatal infections 1997-2017 - a retrospective cohort study in western Sweden.

BMC Pediatr 2019 12 12;19(1):490. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The objective of the study was to evaluate data on early-onset neonatal invasive infections in western Sweden for the period 1997-2017. To identify changes in incidence, etiology and mortality and compare to previous studies from the same area starting from 1975.

Methods: Observational epidemiological, retrospective study on infants 0-6 days of age with a positive culture in blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid between 1997 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1866-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6907277PMC
December 2019

Meningeal rheumatoid nodules in a 55-year-old man presenting with chronic headaches and oculomotor nerve palsy: an uncommon extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Dec 9;12(12). Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Rheumatology, Avera McKennan Hospital and University Health Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multisystem inflammatory disease which can involve many organ systems including the central nervous system (CNS). Though not very common, the results can be severely debilitating. The spectrum of the CNS involvement includes meningitis, encephalitis and occasionally rheumatoid nodules. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231474DOI Listing
December 2019

Linezolid for the treatment of postneurosurgical infection caused by methicillin-resistant .

Surg Neurol Int 2019 8;10:215. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Departments of Neurosurgery, Traumatology and Severe Burns Center, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Uninversity of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia.

Background: Postneurosurgical infection (PNSI) is a major problem. Linezolid is a bacteriostatic oxazolidinone antibiotic with a highly activity against Gram-positive cocci resistant to methicillin and a good cerebrospinal fluid penetration. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of linezolid in the treatment of PNSI caused by methicillin-resistant (MRS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.25259/SNI_455_2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6884953PMC
November 2019

Epidemiology and complications of late-onset sepsis: an Italian area-based study.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(11):e0225407. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Dipartimento di Medicina Specialistica, Diagnostica e Sperimentale, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria S. Orsola-Malpighi-Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Most studies regarding late-onset sepsis (LOS) address selected populations (i.e., neonates with low birth weight or extremely preterm neonates). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0225407PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6874360PMC

Emerging multidrug resistance isolates of hospital-acquired bacterial meningitis in a tertiary care centre in North India.

J Med Microbiol 2019 Nov;68(11):1585-1590

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Acute bacterial meningitis continues to be a potentially life threatening condition. Hospital-acquired meningitis is rapidly increasing and adding an immense burden to the health system due to the emergence of multidrug resistance isolates. The purpose of this study is to find the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the bacteria detected from hospital- and community-acquired meningitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.001072DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

[A case of clinically mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with infectious endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus aureus].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Oct 28;59(10):666-668. Epub 2019 Sep 28.

Department of Neurology, Toyama University Hospital.

A 17-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of a high fever, consciousness disturbance, and delirious behavior. Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infection was confirmed by blood culture. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed no abnormality at first. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001335DOI Listing
October 2019
11 Reads

Aetiology of invasive bacterial infection and antimicrobial resistance in neonates in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis in line with the STROBE-NI reporting guidelines.

Lancet Infect Dis 2019 11 12;19(11):1219-1234. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

MARCH Centre, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Aetiological data for neonatal infections are essential to inform policies and programme strategies, but such data are scarce from sub-Saharan Africa. We therefore completed a systematic review and meta-analysis of available data from the African continent since 1980, with a focus on regional differences in aetiology and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the past decade (2008-18).

Methods: We included data for microbiologically confirmed invasive bacterial infection including meningitis and AMR among neonates in sub-Saharan Africa and assessed the quality of scientific reporting according to Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology for Newborn Infection (STROBE-NI) checklist. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14733099193041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30414-1DOI Listing
November 2019
4 Reads

Community-acquired Invasive Bacterial Disease in Urban Gambia, 2005-2015: A Hospital-based Surveillance.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 09;69(Suppl 2):S105-S113

Medical Research Council Unit The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Banjul.

Background: Invasive bacterial diseases cause significant disease and death in sub-Saharan Africa. Several are vaccine preventable, although the impact of new vaccines and vaccine policies on disease patterns in these communities is poorly understood owing to limited surveillance data.

Methods: We conducted a hospital-based surveillance of invasive bacterial diseases in The Gambia where blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of hospitalized participants were processed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6761311PMC
September 2019
4 Reads
8.886 Impact Factor

Spontaneous meningoencephalitis by Staphylococcus aureus in an infant golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas).

J Med Primatol 2019 12 3;48(6):370-373. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Non-human primates are susceptible to many bacteria, some of which bear zoonotic potential. We report the pathologic features of spontaneous fulminating meningoencephalitis by Staphylococcus aureus in a captive infant golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) from Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmp.12436DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Methicillin-resistant (MRSA) sepsis complicated by warm autoimmune haemolytic anaemia secondary to antimicrobial therapy.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Aug 28;12(8). Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Florida Health at Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida, USA.

A 61-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the emergency room complaining of left-sided chest pain and altered mentation for 3 days. Her medical history included liver cirrhosis and coronary artery disease. On admission, she was found to have methicillin-resistant (MRSA) bacteraemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-229114DOI Listing
August 2019
6 Reads

Rare Case of Community-Acquired Endocarditis Caused by Assessed by Clinical Metagenomics.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2019 6;6:112. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

Genomic Research Laboratory, Service of Infectious Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva University, Geneva, Switzerland.

The most common causes of infective endocarditis (IE) are , and HACEK-related organisms. In 15-30% of the IE cases, standard blood cultures remain sterile. We aimed at identifying the causative agent of a blood-culture-negative IE by whole metagenome shotgun sequencing (WMGS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2019.00112DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6691042PMC
August 2019
6 Reads

Bacterial Endogenous Endophthalmitis in Bacteremic Inpatients.

Ophthalmol Retina 2019 11 20;3(11):971-978. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Rutgers - New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey. Electronic address:

Purpose: Population-based reports regarding bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis (BEE) are scarce in the literature. Our study sought to investigate the incidence of BEE, relative risk of comorbid conditions, and treatment patterns using a nationally representative database, the National Inpatient Sample (NIS).

Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2019.06.004DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads

Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus in a Brazilian elderly cohort.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(8):e0221525. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Institute of Tropical Pathology and Public Health, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.

We aimed to investigate the nasopharyngeal colonization (NPC) by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Staphylococcus aureus in the elderly population and to assess the demographic factors associated with NPC. This was an observational cohort study in which outpatients aged ≥60 years were enrolled from April to August 2017, with a follow-up visit from September through December 2017. Nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs were collected, bacteria were detected and isolated, and isolates were subjected to phenotypic and molecular characterization using standard microbiological techniques. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0221525PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6705818PMC
March 2020
10 Reads

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Meningitis from Transanal Migration of a Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt.

J Emerg Med 2019 Sep 8;57(3):e81-e84. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

The University of Queensland, Faculty of Medicine, Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA.

Background: Bowel perforation is a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement that can result in anal protrusion of a VP shunt. Retrograde migration of bacteria through the shunt can lead to central nervous system (CNS) infections, such as meningitis, most commonly caused by Escherichia coli or other enteric pathogens. Here we present a case of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) meningitis from transanal migration of a VP shunt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.06.015DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads

Infantile supratentorial subdural empyema managed by percutaneous aspiration: an outcome study in a Nigerian city.

Sudan J Paediatr 2019 ;19(1):37-43

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine University of Lagos & Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Nigeria.

Subdural empyema (SDE), a common neurosurgical emergency in the developing countries, accounts for 15%-20% of localised paediatric intracranial infections. In regions where modern diagnostic tools are scarce and inaccessible, detection of SDE may be delayed with subsequent poor outcome. Percutaneous subdural aspiration in patients with open anterior fontanel may be the only surgical option in resource-poor regions of the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24911/SJP.106-1520470056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6589801PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Implementation of an infection prevention bundle is associated with reduced surgical site infections in cranial neurosurgery.

Neurosurg Focus 2019 08;47(2):E3

Departments of1Infectious Diseases and Hospital Hygiene.

Objective: The objective of this study was to quantify surgical site infection (SSI) rates after cranial neurosurgery in a tertiary care hospital, identify risk factors for SSI, and evaluate the impact of standardized surveillance and an infection prevention bundle (IPB).

Methods: The authors compared SSI rates during 7 months before and after the intervention. The IPB included standardized patient preparation, perioperative antibiotic/antiseptic use, barrier precautions, coaching of surgeons, and the implementation of a specialized technical operation assistant team. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2019.5.FOCUS19272DOI Listing
August 2019
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Phylogenetic and Molecular Profile of Isolated from Bloodstream Infections in Northeast Brazil.

Microorganisms 2019 Jul 22;7(7). Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Programa de Pós-Graduação, Universidade Ceuma, São Luís 65075-120, Brazil.

is a notorious human pathogen associated with serious nosocomial and community-acquired infections, such as pneumonia, meningitis, endocarditis, toxic shock syndrome, and sepsis, among others. The objective of this study was to investigate the molecular profile, antimicrobial resistance, and clonal diversity of isolated from the bloodstream. The determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antimicrobial was performed by an automated method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7070210DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6680844PMC
July 2019
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Surveillance of antibiotic sensitivity pattern in chronic suppurative otitis media of an Indian teaching hospital.

World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Jun 16;5(2):88-94. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha "O" Anusandhan University, K8, Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar, 751003, Odisha, India.

Introduction: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a common problem in worldwide and untreated CSOM leads to fatal complications like facial nerve paralysis, lateral sinus thrombosis, labyrinthitis, meningitis and brain abscess in developing country like India.

Objective: To isolate causative bacteria and antibiotic sensitivity pattern for CSOM and to know the prevalence of extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL) and Metallobetalactamases (MBL) in CSOM patients.

Methods: A total of 500 ear swabs of clinical suspected CSOM patients were cultured on specific cultured medium and identified the bacteria with conventional methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wjorl.2018.05.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6617225PMC
June 2019
9 Reads

Off-label use of ceftaroline fosamil: A systematic review.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2019 Nov 3;54(5):562-571. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

Clinical Pharmacology Unit, ASST Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda, Italy; Department of Oncology and Onco-Hematology, Postgraduate School of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology University of Milan Statale, Italy. Electronic address:

Ceftaroline fosamil is a fifth-generation cephalosporin with anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activity. It has been approved by the EMA and FDA for the treatment of adults and children with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) and acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI). However, ceftaroline fosamil has a broad spectrum of activity, and a good safety and tolerability profile, so is frequently used off-label. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2019.06.025DOI Listing
November 2019
7 Reads

Pathogen Analysis of Central Nervous System Infections in a Chinese Teaching Hospital from 2012-2018: A Laboratory-based Retrospective Study.

Curr Med Sci 2019 Jun 17;39(3):449-454. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Central nervous system (CNS) infections are associated with high mortality rates. The clinical presentation of many CNS infections by different pathogens is difficult to distinguish, but the definite diagnosis of the etiology is critical for effective therapy and prognosis. The aim of this study was to explore the etiology of CNS infections with definite diagnoses based on data from a clinical microbiology laboratory in Tongji Hospital, a teaching hospital in China, obtained over a six-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-019-2058-7DOI Listing
June 2019
10 Reads

Embolic Stroke and Meningitis Secondary to Native Valve Endocarditis.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2019 28;2019:7910262. Epub 2019 Apr 28.

Infectious Diseases Consultant, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, P.O. Box: 51900, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

is a coagulase-negative staphylococcus that leads to destructive infective endocarditis. The clinical course of endocarditis is usually aggressive with a high mortality rate compared to endocarditis caused by other coagulase-negative staphylococcal species. Despite that, it is usually sensitive to Penicillin G, and surgical intervention is sometimes warranted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7910262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6512069PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Biomimetic Octopus-like Particles for Ultraspecific Capture and Detection of Pathogens.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2019 Jun 12;11(25):22164-22170. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

College of Animal Science , Jilin University , Changchun 130062 , China.

Infectious diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria (such as sepsis and meningitis) seriously threaten public health; therefore, rapid and accurate identification of the target bacteria is urgently needed to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Although technologies including plate-counting and polymerase chain reaction have been established to detect the pathogenic bacteria, they are either time-consuming or sophisticated. Herein, a biomimetic octopus-like structure integrating merits of multiarm and multivalent interaction is designed for ultraspecific capture and detection of pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b05666DOI Listing
June 2019
20 Reads

[Endogenous endophthalmitis following staphylococcus aureus meningitis].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Apr 30;59(4):185-189. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Division of Ophthalmology, Nishi-Kobe Medical Center.

Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare complication of acute meningitis. A healthy 82-year-old woman suddenly developed septic bacteremia and meningitis owing to Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus); she presented with a high fever and drowsiness. Improvement of these initial symptoms unveiled impaired bilateral visual acuity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001233DOI Listing
April 2019
20 Reads