1,601 results match your criteria Meigs Syndrome


Pseudo-Meigs Syndrome Caused by Cancer of the Uterine Corpus.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kanazawa University Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.

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December 2018

Instrumentation for the upgrade to the JET core charge-exchange spectrometers.

Rev Sci Instrum 2018 Oct;89(10):10D113

EUROfusion Consortium, JET, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB, United Kingdom.

Charge-exchange spectroscopy on JET has become particularly challenging with the introduction of the ITER-like wall. The line intensities are weaker and contaminated by many nuisance lines. We have therefore upgraded the instrumentation to improve throughput and allow the simultaneous measurement of impurity and fuel-ion charge exchange by splitting the light between two pairs of imaging spectrometers using dichroic beam splitters. Read More

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October 2018

Upgrades to the in-vessel calibration light source on JET.

Rev Sci Instrum 2018 Oct;89(10):10K107

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6169, USA.

Since 2010, an in-vessel calibration light source (ICLS) has been used periodically on JET to calibrate a range of diagnostics at UV, visible, and IR wavelengths. During shutdowns, the ICLS (which is essentially an integrating sphere) is positioned within the vacuum vessel by the remote handling (RH) system. Following the 2013 calibration runs, several changes were made to improve the efficiency and quality of the calibrations. Read More

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October 2018

Genome Analyses of >200,000 Individuals Identify 58 Loci for Chronic Inflammation and Highlight Pathways that Link Inflammation and Complex Disorders.

Authors:
Symen Ligthart Ahmad Vaez Urmo Võsa Maria G Stathopoulou Paul S de Vries Bram P Prins Peter J Van der Most Toshiko Tanaka Elnaz Naderi Lynda M Rose Ying Wu Robert Karlsson Maja Barbalic Honghuang Lin René Pool Gu Zhu Aurélien Macé Carlo Sidore Stella Trompet Massimo Mangino Maria Sabater-Lleal John P Kemp Ali Abbasi Tim Kacprowski Niek Verweij Albert V Smith Tao Huang Carola Marzi Mary F Feitosa Kurt K Lohman Marcus E Kleber Yuri Milaneschi Christian Mueller Mahmudul Huq Efthymia Vlachopoulou Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen Christopher Oldmeadow Joris Deelen Markus Perola Jing Hua Zhao Bjarke Feenstra Marzyeh Amini Jari Lahti Katharina E Schraut Myriam Fornage Bhoom Suktitipat Wei-Min Chen Xiaohui Li Teresa Nutile Giovanni Malerba Jian'an Luan Tom Bak Nicholas Schork Fabiola Del Greco M Elisabeth Thiering Anubha Mahajan Riccardo E Marioni Evelin Mihailov Joel Eriksson Ayse Bilge Ozel Weihua Zhang Maria Nethander Yu-Ching Cheng Stella Aslibekyan Wei Ang Ilaria Gandin Loïc Yengo Laura Portas Charles Kooperberg Edith Hofer Kumar B Rajan Claudia Schurmann Wouter den Hollander Tarunveer S Ahluwalia Jing Zhao Harmen H M Draisma Ian Ford Nicholas Timpson Alexander Teumer Hongyan Huang Simone Wahl YongMei Liu Jie Huang Hae-Won Uh Frank Geller Peter K Joshi Lisa R Yanek Elisabetta Trabetti Benjamin Lehne Diego Vozzi Marie Verbanck Ginevra Biino Yasaman Saba Ingrid Meulenbelt Jeff R O'Connell Markku Laakso Franco Giulianini Patrik K E Magnusson Christie M Ballantyne Jouke Jan Hottenga Grant W Montgomery Fernando Rivadineira Rico Rueedi Maristella Steri Karl-Heinz Herzig David J Stott Cristina Menni Mattias Frånberg Beate St Pourcain Stephan B Felix Tune H Pers Stephan J L Bakker Peter Kraft Annette Peters Dhananjay Vaidya Graciela Delgado Johannes H Smit Vera Großmann Juha Sinisalo Ilkka Seppälä Stephen R Williams Elizabeth G Holliday Matthijs Moed Claudia Langenberg Katri Räikkönen Jingzhong Ding Harry Campbell Michele M Sale Yii-Der I Chen Alan L James Daniela Ruggiero Nicole Soranzo Catharina A Hartman Erin N Smith Gerald S Berenson Christian Fuchsberger Dena Hernandez Carla M T Tiesler Vilmantas Giedraitis David Liewald Krista Fischer Dan Mellström Anders Larsson Yunmei Wang William R Scott Matthias Lorentzon John Beilby Kathleen A Ryan Craig E Pennell Dragana Vuckovic Beverly Balkau Maria Pina Concas Reinhold Schmidt Carlos F Mendes de Leon Erwin P Bottinger Margreet Kloppenburg Lavinia Paternoster Michael Boehnke A W Musk Gonneke Willemsen David M Evans Pamela A F Madden Mika Kähönen Zoltán Kutalik Magdalena Zoledziewska Ville Karhunen Stephen B Kritchevsky Naveed Sattar Genevieve Lachance Robert Clarke Tamara B Harris Olli T Raitakari John R Attia Diana van Heemst Eero Kajantie Rossella Sorice Giovanni Gambaro Robert A Scott Andrew A Hicks Luigi Ferrucci Marie Standl Cecilia M Lindgren John M Starr Magnus Karlsson Lars Lind Jun Z Li John C Chambers Trevor A Mori Eco J C N de Geus Andrew C Heath Nicholas G Martin Juha Auvinen Brendan M Buckley Anton J M de Craen Melanie Waldenberger Konstantin Strauch Thomas Meitinger Rodney J Scott Mark McEvoy Marian Beekman Cristina Bombieri Paul M Ridker Karen L Mohlke Nancy L Pedersen Alanna C Morrison Dorret I Boomsma John B Whitfield David P Strachan Albert Hofman Peter Vollenweider Francesco Cucca Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin J Wouter Jukema Tim D Spector Anders Hamsten Tanja Zeller André G Uitterlinden Matthias Nauck Vilmundur Gudnason Lu Qi Harald Grallert Ingrid B Borecki Jerome I Rotter Winfried März Philipp S Wild Marja-Liisa Lokki Michael Boyle Veikko Salomaa Mads Melbye Johan G Eriksson James F Wilson Brenda W J H Penninx Diane M Becker Bradford B Worrall Greg Gibson Ronald M Krauss Marina Ciullo Gianluigi Zaza Nicholas J Wareham Albertine J Oldehinkel Lyle J Palmer Sarah S Murray Peter P Pramstaller Stefania Bandinelli Joachim Heinrich Erik Ingelsson Ian J Deary Reedik Mägi Liesbeth Vandenput Pim van der Harst Karl C Desch Jaspal S Kooner Claes Ohlsson Caroline Hayward Terho Lehtimäki Alan R Shuldiner Donna K Arnett Lawrence J Beilin Antonietta Robino Philippe Froguel Mario Pirastu Tine Jess Wolfgang Koenig Ruth J F Loos Denis A Evans Helena Schmidt George Davey Smith P Eline Slagboom Gudny Eiriksdottir Andrew P Morris Bruce M Psaty Russell P Tracy Ilja M Nolte Eric Boerwinkle Sophie Visvikis-Siest Alex P Reiner Myron Gross Joshua C Bis Lude Franke Oscar H Franco Emelia J Benjamin Daniel I Chasman Josée Dupuis Harold Snieder Abbas Dehghan Behrooz Z Alizadeh

Am J Hum Genet 2018 Nov;103(5):691-706

Department of Epidemiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen 9700 RB, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

C-reactive protein (CRP) is a sensitive biomarker of chronic low-grade inflammation and is associated with multiple complex diseases. The genetic determinants of chronic inflammation remain largely unknown, and the causal role of CRP in several clinical outcomes is debated. We performed two genome-wide association studies (GWASs), on HapMap and 1000 Genomes imputed data, of circulating amounts of CRP by using data from 88 studies comprising 204,402 European individuals. Read More

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November 2018
14 Reads
10.931 Impact Factor

Sudden, Unexpected Death Due to Pseudo-Meigs Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Clinical Pathology, ASL 1 Imperiese - Sanremo Hospital, Sanremo, Italy.

Meigs syndrome is the triad of ascites, hydrothorax, and benign ovarian tumor (mostly fibroids). It is a diagnosis of exclusion, and the characteristic symptoms disappear after resection of the tumor. Instead, in Pseudo-Meigs syndrome, the triad includes a nonfibroma ovarian tumor. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

A Group Randomized Trial to Reduce Obesity among Appalachian Church Members: The Walk by Faith Study.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2018 Nov 18;27(11):1289-1297. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Appalachia is a rural, socioeconomically disadvantaged region with high rates of cancer and obesity. Using community-based participatory research principles, the Appalachia Community Cancer Network tested an initiative to reduce weight among overweight and obese participants by partnering with churches, an important community-based institution in Appalachia. A group randomized trial was conducted with counties or groups of counties in five Appalachian states. Read More

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November 2018

Fine-mapping type 2 diabetes loci to single-variant resolution using high-density imputation and islet-specific epigenome maps.

Authors:
Anubha Mahajan Daniel Taliun Matthias Thurner Neil R Robertson Jason M Torres N William Rayner Anthony J Payne Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir Robert A Scott Niels Grarup James P Cook Ellen M Schmidt Matthias Wuttke Chloé Sarnowski Reedik Mägi Jana Nano Christian Gieger Stella Trompet Cécile Lecoeur Michael H Preuss Bram Peter Prins Xiuqing Guo Lawrence F Bielak Jennifer E Below Donald W Bowden John Campbell Chambers Young Jin Kim Maggie C Y Ng Lauren E Petty Xueling Sim Weihua Zhang Amanda J Bennett Jette Bork-Jensen Chad M Brummett Mickaël Canouil Kai-Uwe Ec Kardt Krista Fischer Sharon L R Kardia Florian Kronenberg Kristi Läll Ching-Ti Liu Adam E Locke Jian'an Luan Ioanna Ntalla Vibe Nylander Sebastian Schönherr Claudia Schurmann Loïc Yengo Erwin P Bottinger Ivan Brandslund Cramer Christensen George Dedoussis Jose C Florez Ian Ford Oscar H Franco Timothy M Frayling Vilmantas Giedraitis Sophie Hackinger Andrew T Hattersley Christian Herder M Arfan Ikram Martin Ingelsson Marit E Jørgensen Torben Jørgensen Jennifer Kriebel Johanna Kuusisto Symen Ligthart Cecilia M Lindgren Allan Linneberg Valeriya Lyssenko Vasiliki Mamakou Thomas Meitinger Karen L Mohlke Andrew D Morris Girish Nadkarni James S Pankow Annette Peters Naveed Sattar Alena Stančáková Konstantin Strauch Kent D Taylor Barbara Thorand Gudmar Thorleifsson Unnur Thorsteinsdottir Jaakko Tuomilehto Daniel R Witte Josée Dupuis Patricia A Peyser Eleftheria Zeggini Ruth J F Loos Philippe Froguel Erik Ingelsson Lars Lind Leif Groop Markku Laakso Francis S Collins J Wouter Jukema Colin N A Palmer Harald Grallert Andres Metspalu Abbas Dehghan Anna Köttgen Goncalo R Abecasis James B Meigs Jerome I Rotter Jonathan Marchini Oluf Pedersen Torben Hansen Claudia Langenberg Nicholas J Wareham Kari Stefansson Anna L Gloyn Andrew P Morris Michael Boehnke Mark I McCarthy

Nat Genet 2018 Nov 8;50(11):1505-1513. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

We expanded GWAS discovery for type 2 diabetes (T2D) by combining data from 898,130 European-descent individuals (9% cases), after imputation to high-density reference panels. With these data, we (i) extend the inventory of T2D-risk variants (243 loci, 135 newly implicated in T2D predisposition, comprising 403 distinct association signals); (ii) enrich discovery of lower-frequency risk alleles (80 index variants with minor allele frequency <5%, 14 with estimated allelic odds ratio >2); (iii) substantially improve fine-mapping of causal variants (at 51 signals, one variant accounted for >80% posterior probability of association (PPA)); (iv) extend fine-mapping through integration of tissue-specific epigenomic information (islet regulatory annotations extend the number of variants with PPA >80% to 73); (v) highlight validated therapeutic targets (18 genes with associations attributable to coding variants); and (vi) demonstrate enhanced potential for clinical translation (genome-wide chip heritability explains 18% of T2D risk; individuals in the extremes of a T2D polygenic risk score differ more than ninefold in prevalence). Read More

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November 2018
17 Reads
2 Citations
29.350 Impact Factor

Obstetric and gynecologic causes of pleural effusions.

Dis Mon 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Obstetric and gynecologic pleural effusions may occur in the setting of different diseases and conditions, early and appropriate recognition of the different etiologies of these effusions will aid in appropriate treatment management. In this paper we will give an overview of the different pleural effusion etiologies that may be encountered including catamenial hemothorax, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, the different Meigs' syndromes and benign peripartum pleural effusion. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

Insulin resistance since early adulthood and appendicular lean mass in middle-aged adults without diabetes: 20 years of the CARDIA study.

J Diabetes Complications 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Aims: To determine the association between 20-year trajectories in insulin resistance (IR) since young adulthood and appendicular lean mass (ALM) at middle-age in adults without diabetes.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was designed among young and middle-aged US men (n = 925) and women (n = 1193). Fasting serum glucose and insulin were measured five times in 1985-2005. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Rare loss of function variants in candidate genes and risk of colorectal cancer.

Hum Genet 2018 Oct 28;137(10):795-806. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Division of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Although ~ 25% of colorectal cancer or polyp (CRC/P) cases show familial aggregation, current germline genetic testing identifies a causal genotype in the 16 major genes associated with high penetrance CRC/P in only 20% of these cases. As there are likely other genes underlying heritable CRC/P, we evaluated the association of variation at novel loci with CRC/P. We evaluated 158 a priori selected candidate genes by comparing the number of rare potentially disruptive variants (PDVs) found in 84 CRC/P cases without an identified CRC/P risk-associated variant and 2440 controls. Read More

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October 2018
9 Reads

Food insecurity, healthcare utilization, and high cost: a longitudinal cohort study.

Am J Manag Care 2018 Sep;24(9):399-404

Division of General Internal Medicine and Diabetes Population Health Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, 50 Staniford St, 9th Fl, Boston, MA 02114. Email:

Objectives: Reducing utilization of high-cost healthcare services is a common population health goal. Food insecurity-limited access to nutritious food owing to cost-is associated with chronic disease, but its relationship with healthcare utilization is understudied. We tested whether food insecurity is associated with increased emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and related costs. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

A Challenging Case of Intracardiac Leiomyomatosis Accompanied by Pseudo-Meigs Syndrome Originating from Uterine Leiomyoma.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Pseudo-Meigs syndrome is an unusual condition involving pelvic tumors, excluding ovarian fibroma, and is associated with ascites and hydrothorax. Pseudo-Meigs syndrome originating from uterine leiomyoma is an even rarer condition. Intravenous leiomyomatosis originating from uterine tumors, which extend from the inferior vena cava to the right heart chambers, is also extremely rare. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Ovarian hemangioma with Meigs' syndrome.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2018 Oct 5;229:207-208. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

University Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pathology, Sveti Duh University Hospital, Croatian Catholic University, Zagreb, Croatia.

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October 2018
3 Reads

Ovarian fibroma/fibrothecoma with elevated serum CA125 level: A cohort of 66 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(34):e11926

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Ovarian fibroma/fibrothecoma with elevated serum OC125 antigen (CA125) is rarely encountered in clinical practice, and also easily misdiagnosed as epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological features of ovarian fibroma/fibrothecoma with elevated serum CA125.In total, 580 patients who underwent primary surgery and pathologically diagnosed as ovarian fibroma/fibrothecoma were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads

Animal testing and its alternatives - the most important omics is economics.

ALTEX 2018 ;35(3):275-305

Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

For a long time, the discussion about animal testing vs its alternatives centered on animal welfare. This was a static warfare, or at least a gridlock, where life scientists had to take a position and make their value choices and hardly anyone changed sides. Technical advances have changed the frontline somewhat, with in vitro and in silico methods gaining more ground. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Hydrothorax, ascites and an abdominal mass: not always signs of a malignancy - Three cases of Meigs' syndrome.

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Jan 31;12(1):17-26. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haaglanden Medical Center, The Hague, The Netherlands.

This case report presents three cases of Meigs' syndrome: a benign ovarian tumor with ascites and a hydrothorax. After removal of the ovarian tumor, the symptoms resolved and the patients became asymptomatic. In daily practice, Meigs' syndrome is at first sight often mistaken for ovarian cancer. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Polyserositis in a Patient with Active Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case of Pseudo-pseudo Meigs Syndrome.

J Rheumatol 2018 Jun;45(6):877-878

Institute for Autoimmune Systemic and Neurological Disorders, and Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece.

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June 2018
11 Reads

The effect of triple therapy on the mortality of catastrophic anti-phospholipid syndrome patients.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2018 Apr 11. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

Department of Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the effect that triple therapy (anticoagulation plus CS plus plasma exchange and/or IVIGs) has on the mortality risk of patients with catastrophic APS (CAPS) included in the CAPS Registry.

Methods: Patients from the CAPS Registry were grouped based on their treatments: triple therapy; drugs included in the triple therapy but in different combinations; and none of the treatments included in the triple therapy. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Refining the accuracy of validated target identification through coding variant fine-mapping in type 2 diabetes.

Authors:
Anubha Mahajan Jennifer Wessel Sara M Willems Wei Zhao Neil R Robertson Audrey Y Chu Wei Gan Hidetoshi Kitajima Daniel Taliun N William Rayner Xiuqing Guo Yingchang Lu Man Li Richard A Jensen Yao Hu Shaofeng Huo Kurt K Lohman Weihua Zhang James P Cook Bram Peter Prins Jason Flannick Niels Grarup Vassily Vladimirovich Trubetskoy Jasmina Kravic Young Jin Kim Denis V Rybin Hanieh Yaghootkar Martina Müller-Nurasyid Karina Meidtner Ruifang Li-Gao Tibor V Varga Jonathan Marten Jin Li Albert Vernon Smith Ping An Symen Ligthart Stefan Gustafsson Giovanni Malerba Ayse Demirkan Juan Fernandez Tajes Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir Matthias Wuttke Cécile Lecoeur Michael Preuss Lawrence F Bielak Marielisa Graff Heather M Highland Anne E Justice Dajiang J Liu Eirini Marouli Gina Marie Peloso Helen R Warren Saima Afaq Shoaib Afzal Emma Ahlqvist Peter Almgren Najaf Amin Lia B Bang Alain G Bertoni Cristina Bombieri Jette Bork-Jensen Ivan Brandslund Jennifer A Brody Noël P Burtt Mickaël Canouil Yii-Der Ida Chen Yoon Shin Cho Cramer Christensen Sophie V Eastwood Kai-Uwe Eckardt Krista Fischer Giovanni Gambaro Vilmantas Giedraitis Megan L Grove Hugoline G de Haan Sophie Hackinger Yang Hai Sohee Han Anne Tybjærg-Hansen Marie-France Hivert Bo Isomaa Susanne Jäger Marit E Jørgensen Torben Jørgensen Annemari Käräjämäki Bong-Jo Kim Sung Soo Kim Heikki A Koistinen Peter Kovacs Jennifer Kriebel Florian Kronenberg Kristi Läll Leslie A Lange Jung-Jin Lee Benjamin Lehne Huaixing Li Keng-Hung Lin Allan Linneberg Ching-Ti Liu Jun Liu Marie Loh Reedik Mägi Vasiliki Mamakou Roberta McKean-Cowdin Girish Nadkarni Matt Neville Sune F Nielsen Ioanna Ntalla Patricia A Peyser Wolfgang Rathmann Kenneth Rice Stephen S Rich Line Rode Olov Rolandsson Sebastian Schönherr Elizabeth Selvin Kerrin S Small Alena Stančáková Praveen Surendran Kent D Taylor Tanya M Teslovich Barbara Thorand Gudmar Thorleifsson Adrienne Tin Anke Tönjes Anette Varbo Daniel R Witte Andrew R Wood Pranav Yajnik Jie Yao Loïc Yengo Robin Young Philippe Amouyel Heiner Boeing Eric Boerwinkle Erwin P Bottinger Rajiv Chowdhury Francis S Collins George Dedoussis Abbas Dehghan Panos Deloukas Marco M Ferrario Jean Ferrières Jose C Florez Philippe Frossard Vilmundur Gudnason Tamara B Harris Susan R Heckbert Joanna M M Howson Martin Ingelsson Sekar Kathiresan Frank Kee Johanna Kuusisto Claudia Langenberg Lenore J Launer Cecilia M Lindgren Satu Männistö Thomas Meitinger Olle Melander Karen L Mohlke Marie Moitry Andrew D Morris Alison D Murray Renée de Mutsert Marju Orho-Melander Katharine R Owen Markus Perola Annette Peters Michael A Province Asif Rasheed Paul M Ridker Fernando Rivadineira Frits R Rosendaal Anders H Rosengren Veikko Salomaa Wayne H-H Sheu Rob Sladek Blair H Smith Konstantin Strauch André G Uitterlinden Rohit Varma Cristen J Willer Matthias Blüher Adam S Butterworth John Campbell Chambers Daniel I Chasman John Danesh Cornelia van Duijn Josée Dupuis Oscar H Franco Paul W Franks Philippe Froguel Harald Grallert Leif Groop Bok-Ghee Han Torben Hansen Andrew T Hattersley Caroline Hayward Erik Ingelsson Sharon L R Kardia Fredrik Karpe Jaspal Singh Kooner Anna Köttgen Kari Kuulasmaa Markku Laakso Xu Lin Lars Lind Yongmei Liu Ruth J F Loos Jonathan Marchini Andres Metspalu Dennis Mook-Kanamori Børge G Nordestgaard Colin N A Palmer James S Pankow Oluf Pedersen Bruce M Psaty Rainer Rauramaa Naveed Sattar Matthias B Schulze Nicole Soranzo Timothy D Spector Kari Stefansson Michael Stumvoll Unnur Thorsteinsdottir Tiinamaija Tuomi Jaakko Tuomilehto Nicholas J Wareham James G Wilson Eleftheria Zeggini Robert A Scott Inês Barroso Timothy M Frayling Mark O Goodarzi James B Meigs Michael Boehnke Danish Saleheen Andrew P Morris Jerome I Rotter Mark I McCarthy

Nat Genet 2018 Apr 9;50(4):559-571. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

We aggregated coding variant data for 81,412 type 2 diabetes cases and 370,832 controls of diverse ancestry, identifying 40 coding variant association signals (P < 2.2 × 10); of these, 16 map outside known risk-associated loci. We make two important observations. Read More

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April 2018
46 Reads
10 Citations
29.350 Impact Factor

Metabolomics insights into early type 2 diabetes pathogenesis and detection in individuals with normal fasting glucose.

Diabetologia 2018 06 6;61(6):1315-1324. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Programs in Metabolism and Medical & Population Genetics, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Aims/hypothesis: Identifying the metabolite profile of individuals with normal fasting glucose (NFG [<5.55 mmol/l]) who progressed to type 2 diabetes may give novel insights into early type 2 diabetes disease interception and detection.

Methods: We conducted a population-based prospective study among 1150 Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort participants, age 40-65 years, with NFG. Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

Meigs to modern times: The evolution of debulking surgery in advanced ovarian cancer.

Gynecol Oncol 2018 06 7;149(3):447-454. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.

Joe V. Meigs was a visionary clinician and an early adopter of radical techniques in the surgical treatment of ovarian cancer. His 1934 textbook "Tumors of the Female Pelvic Organs", consolidated his approach to this "hopeless" disease, with pearls on diagnosis, outcomes, and even speculations about the benefits of minimally invasive surgery. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Functions Underestimate Risk in HIV Infection.

Circulation 2018 May 14;137(21):2203-2214. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. Department of Mathematics and Statistics (J.P., R.B.D.).

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is elevated in HIV-infected individuals, with contributions from both traditional and nontraditional risk factors. The accuracy of established CVD risk prediction functions in HIV is uncertain. We sought to assess the performance of 3 established CVD risk prediction functions in a longitudinal cohort of HIV-infected men. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads
14.430 Impact Factor

Precise preoperative diagnosis of struma ovarii with pseudo-Meigs' syndrome mimicking ovarian cancer with the combination of I scintigraphy and F-FDG PET: case report and review of the literature.

J Ovarian Res 2018 Feb 2;11(1):11. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, 23-3 Shimoaizuki, Matsuoka, Eiheiji-cho, Yoshida-gun, Fukui, 910-1193, Japan.

Background: Struma ovarii is a rare ovarian neoplasm that often appears malignant on conventional imaging. Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome with ascites, pleural effusion, and elevated serum CA 125 levels is much rarer and leads to misdiagnosis of ovarian cancer and unnecessary extended surgery.

Case Presentation: A 50-year-old woman with abdominal distention and dyspnoea was referred to our hospital. Read More

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February 2018
8 Reads

Intermediate-severity wind disturbance in mature temperate forests: legacy structure, carbon storage, and stand dynamics.

Ecol Appl 2018 Apr 26;28(3):798-815. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, 05405, USA.

Wind is one of the most important natural disturbances influencing forest structure, ecosystem function, and successional processes worldwide. This study quantifies the stand-scale effects of intermediate-severity windstorms (i.e. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Erratum: Sequence data and association statistics from 12,940 type 2 diabetes cases and controls.

Authors:
Jason Flannick Christian Fuchsberger Anubha Mahajan Tanya M Teslovich Vineeta Agarwala Kyle J Gaulton Lizz Caulkins Ryan Koesterer Clement Ma Loukas Moutsianas Davis J McCarthy Manuel A Rivas John R B Perry Xueling Sim Thomas W Blackwell Neil R Robertson N William Rayner Pablo Cingolani Adam E Locke Juan Fernandez Tajes Heather M Highland Josee Dupuis Peter S Chines Cecilia M Lindgren Christopher Hartl Anne U Jackson Han Chen Jeroen R Huyghe Martijn van de Bunt Richard D Pearson Ashish Kumar Martina Müller-Nurasyid Niels Grarup Heather M Stringham Eric R Gamazon Jaehoon Lee Yuhui Chen Robert A Scott Jennifer E Below Peng Chen Jinyan Huang Min Jin Go Michael L Stitzel Dorota Pasko Stephen C J Parker Tibor V Varga Todd Green Nicola L Beer Aaron G Day-Williams Teresa Ferreira Tasha Fingerlin Momoko Horikoshi Cheng Hu Iksoo Huh Mohammad Kamran Ikram Bong-Jo Kim Yongkang Kim Young Jin Kim Min-Seok Kwon Juyoung Lee Selyeong Lee Keng-Han Lin Taylor J Maxwell Yoshihiko Nagai Xu Wang Ryan P Welch Joon Yoon Weihua Zhang Nir Barzilai Benjamin F Voight Bok-Ghee Han Christopher P Jenkinson Teemu Kuulasmaa Johanna Kuusisto Alisa Manning Maggie C Y Ng Nicholette D Palmer Beverley Balkau Alena Stančáková Hanna E Abboud Heiner Boeing Vilmantas Giedraitis Dorairaj Prabhakaran Omri Gottesman James Scott Jason Carey Phoenix Kwan George Grant Joshua D Smith Benjamin M Neale Shaun Purcell Adam S Butterworth Joanna M M Howson Heung Man Lee Yingchang Lu Soo-Heon Kwak Wei Zhao John Danesh Vincent K L Lam Kyong Soo Park Danish Saleheen Wing Yee So Claudia H T Tam Uzma Afzal David Aguilar Rector Arya Tin Aung Edmund Chan Carmen Navarro Ching-Yu Cheng Domenico Palli Adolfo Correa Joanne E Curran Dennis Rybin Vidya S Farook Sharon P Fowler Barry I Freedman Michael Griswold Daniel Esten Hale Pamela J Hicks Chiea-Chuen Khor Satish Kumar Benjamin Lehne Dorothée Thuillier Wei Yen Lim Jianjun Liu Marie Loh Solomon K Musani Sobha Puppala William R Scott Loïc Yengo Sian-Tsung Tan Herman A Taylor Farook Thameem Gregory Wilson Tien Yin Wong Pål Rasmus Njølstad Jonathan C Levy Massimo Mangino Lori L Bonnycastle Thomas Schwarzmayr João Fadista Gabriela L Surdulescu Christian Herder Christopher J Groves Thomas Wieland Jette Bork-Jensen Ivan Brandslund Cramer Christensen Heikki A Koistinen Alex S F Doney Leena Kinnunen Tõnu Esko Andrew J Farmer Liisa Hakaste Dylan Hodgkiss Jasmina Kravic Valeri Lyssenko Mette Hollensted Marit E Jørgensen Torben Jørgensen Claes Ladenvall Johanne Marie Justesen Annemari Käräjämäki Jennifer Kriebel Wolfgang Rathmann Lars Lannfelt Torsten Lauritzen Narisu Narisu Allan Linneberg Olle Melander Lili Milani Matt Neville Marju Orho-Melander Lu Qi Qibin Qi Michael Roden Olov Rolandsson Amy Swift Anders H Rosengren Kathleen Stirrups Andrew R Wood Evelin Mihailov Christine Blancher Mauricio O Carneiro Jared Maguire Ryan Poplin Khalid Shakir Timothy Fennell Mark DePristo Martin Hrabé de Angelis Panos Deloukas Anette P Gjesing Goo Jun Peter Nilsson Jacquelyn Murphy Robert Onofrio Barbara Thorand Torben Hansen Christa Meisinger Frank B Hu Bo Isomaa Fredrik Karpe Liming Liang Annette Peters Cornelia Huth Stephen P O'Rahilly Colin N A Palmer Oluf Pedersen Rainer Rauramaa Jaakko Tuomilehto Veikko Salomaa Richard M Watanabe Ann-Christine Syvänen Richard N Bergman Dwaipayan Bharadwaj Erwin P Bottinger Yoon Shin Cho Giriraj R Chandak Juliana C N Chan Kee Seng Chia Mark J Daly Shah B Ebrahim Claudia Langenberg Paul Elliott Kathleen A Jablonski Donna M Lehman Weiping Jia Ronald C W Ma Toni I Pollin Manjinder Sandhu Nikhil Tandon Philippe Froguel Inês Barroso Yik Ying Teo Eleftheria Zeggini Ruth J F Loos Kerrin S Small Janina S Ried Ralph A DeFronzo Harald Grallert Benjamin Glaser Andres Metspalu Nicholas J Wareham Mark Walker Eric Banks Christian Gieger Erik Ingelsson Hae Kyung Im Thomas Illig Paul W Franks Gemma Buck Joseph Trakalo David Buck Inga Prokopenko Reedik Mägi Lars Lind Yossi Farjoun Katharine R Owen Anna L Gloyn Konstantin Strauch Tiinamaija Tuomi Jaspal Singh Kooner Jong-Young Lee Taesung Park Peter Donnelly Andrew D Morris Andrew T Hattersley Donald W Bowden Francis S Collins Gil Atzmon John C Chambers Timothy D Spector Markku Laakso Tim M Strom Graeme I Bell John Blangero Ravindranath Duggirala E Shyong Tai Gilean McVean Craig L Hanis James G Wilson Mark Seielstad Timothy M Frayling James B Meigs Nancy J Cox Rob Sladek Eric S Lander Stacey Gabriel Karen L Mohlke Thomas Meitinger Leif Groop Goncalo Abecasis Laura J Scott Andrew P Morris Hyun Min Kang David Altshuler Noël P Burtt Jose C Florez Michael Boehnke Mark I McCarthy

Sci Data 2018 01 23;5:180002. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2017. Read More

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January 2018
51 Reads

Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus: Coprediction and Time Trajectories.

Hypertension 2018 03 15;71(3):422-428. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

From the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy (V.T.); Centro de Estudios en Diabetes, Unidad de Investigacion en Diabetes y Riesgo Cardiovascular, Centro de Investigacion en Salud Poblacional, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Mexico City, Mexico (C.G.-V.); Division of General Internal Medicine Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (J.B.M.); Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (J.B.M.); and CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy (E.F.).

Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension overlap in the population. In many subjects, development of diabetes mellitus is characterized by a relatively rapid increase in plasma glucose values. Whether a similar phenomenon occurs during the development of hypertension is not known. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Transethnic Evaluation Identifies Low-Frequency Loci Associated With 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 04;103(4):1380-1392

NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, Illinois.

Context: Vitamin D inadequacy is common in the adult population of the United States. Although the genetic determinants underlying vitamin D inadequacy have been studied in people of European ancestry, less is known about populations with Hispanic or African ancestry.

Objective: The Trans-Ethnic Evaluation of Vitamin D (TRANSCEN-D) genomewide association study (GWAS) consortium was assembled to replicate genetic associations with 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations from the Study of Underlying Genetic Determinants of Vitamin D and Highly Related Traits (SUNLIGHT) meta-analyses of European ancestry and to identify genetic variants related to vitamin D concentrations in African and Hispanic ancestries. Read More

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April 2018
58 Reads
1 Citation
6.210 Impact Factor

Six-Year Diabetes Incidence After Genetic Risk Testing and Counseling: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Diabetes Care 2018 Mar 5;41(3):e25-e26. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA.

View Article
March 2018
2 Reads

Frequency of Guideline-Based Statin Therapy in Adults With Congenital Heart Disease.

Am J Cardiol 2018 Feb 23;121(4):485-490. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

We aimed to evaluate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk estimates and guideline-based statin use for primary prevention of ASCVD in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). This was a case-controlled, retrospective study of 248 cases and 744 age- and gender-matched controls at a tertiary care referral center. ASCVD risk scores were calculated and used to assess indication for statin treatment for primary prevention per the 2013 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association guideline on assessment of cardiovascular risk. Read More

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February 2018
7 Reads

Sequence data and association statistics from 12,940 type 2 diabetes cases and controls.

Authors:
Jason Flannick Christian Fuchsberger Anubha Mahajan Tanya M Teslovich Vineeta Agarwala Kyle J Gaulton Lizz Caulkins Ryan Koesterer Clement Ma Loukas Moutsianas Davis J McCarthy Manuel A Rivas John R B Perry Xueling Sim Thomas W Blackwell Neil R Robertson N William Rayner Pablo Cingolani Adam E Locke Juan Fernandez Tajes Heather M Highland Josee Dupuis Peter S Chines Cecilia M Lindgren Christopher Hartl Anne U Jackson Han Chen Jeroen R Huyghe Martijn van de Bunt Richard D Pearson Ashish Kumar Martina Müller-Nurasyid Niels Grarup Heather M Stringham Eric R Gamazon Jaehoon Lee Yuhui Chen Robert A Scott Jennifer E Below Peng Chen Jinyan Huang Min Jin Go Michael L Stitzel Dorota Pasko Stephen C J Parker Tibor V Varga Todd Green Nicola L Beer Aaron G Day-Williams Teresa Ferreira Tasha Fingerlin Momoko Horikoshi Cheng Hu Iksoo Huh Mohammad Kamran Ikram Bong-Jo Kim Yongkang Kim Young Jin Kim Min-Seok Kwon Juyoung Lee Selyeong Lee Keng-Han Lin Taylor J Maxwell Yoshihiko Nagai Xu Wang Ryan P Welch Joon Yoon Weihua Zhang Nir Barzilai Benjamin F Voight Bok-Ghee Han Christopher P Jenkinson Teemu Kuulasmaa Johanna Kuusisto Alisa Manning Maggie C Y Ng Nicholette D Palmer Beverley Balkau Alena Stančáková Hanna E Abboud Heiner Boeing Vilmantas Giedraitis Dorairaj Prabhakaran Omri Gottesman James Scott Jason Carey Phoenix Kwan George Grant Joshua D Smith Benjamin M Neale Shaun Purcell Adam S Butterworth Joanna M M Howson Heung Man Lee Yingchang Lu Soo-Heon Kwak Wei Zhao John Danesh Vincent K L Lam Kyong Soo Park Danish Saleheen Wing Yee So Claudia H T Tam Uzma Afzal David Aguilar Rector Arya Tin Aung Edmund Chan Carmen Navarro Ching-Yu Cheng Domenico Palli Adolfo Correa Joanne E Curran Dennis Rybin Vidya S Farook Sharon P Fowler Barry I Freedman Michael Griswold Daniel Esten Hale Pamela J Hicks Chiea-Chuen Khor Satish Kumar Benjamin Lehne Dorothée Thuillier Wei Yen Lim Jianjun Liu Marie Loh Solomon K Musani Sobha Puppala William R Scott Loïc Yengo Sian-Tsung Tan Herman A Taylor Farook Thameem Gregory Wilson Tien Yin Wong Pål Rasmus Njølstad Jonathan C Levy Massimo Mangino Lori L Bonnycastle Thomas Schwarzmayr João Fadista Gabriela L Surdulescu Christian Herder Christopher J Groves Thomas Wieland Jette Bork-Jensen Ivan Brandslund Cramer Christensen Heikki A Koistinen Alex S F Doney Leena Kinnunen Tõnu Esko Andrew J Farmer Liisa Hakaste Dylan Hodgkiss Jasmina Kravic Valeri Lyssenko Mette Hollensted Marit E Jørgensen Torben Jørgensen Claes Ladenvall Johanne Marie Justesen Annemari Käräjämäki Jennifer Kriebel Wolfgang Rathmann Lars Lannfelt Torsten Lauritzen Narisu Narisu Allan Linneberg Olle Melander Lili Milani Matt Neville Marju Orho-Melander Lu Qi Qibin Qi Michael Roden Olov Rolandsson Amy Swift Anders H Rosengren Kathleen Stirrups Andrew R Wood Evelin Mihailov Christine Blancher Mauricio O Carneiro Jared Maguire Ryan Poplin Khalid Shakir Timothy Fennell Mark DePristo Martin Hrabé de Angelis Panos Deloukas Anette P Gjesing Goo Jun Peter Nilsson Jacquelyn Murphy Robert Onofrio Barbara Thorand Torben Hansen Christa Meisinger Frank B Hu Bo Isomaa Fredrik Karpe Liming Liang Annette Peters Cornelia Huth Stephen P O'Rahilly Colin N A Palmer Oluf Pedersen Rainer Rauramaa Jaakko Tuomilehto Veikko Salomaa Richard M Watanabe Ann-Christine Syvänen Richard N Bergman Dwaipayan Bharadwaj Erwin P Bottinger Yoon Shin Cho Giriraj R Chandak Juliana Cn Chan Kee Seng Chia Mark J Daly Shah B Ebrahim Claudia Langenberg Paul Elliott Kathleen A Jablonski Donna M Lehman Weiping Jia Ronald C W Ma Toni I Pollin Manjinder Sandhu Nikhil Tandon Philippe Froguel Inês Barroso Yik Ying Teo Eleftheria Zeggini Ruth J F Loos Kerrin S Small Janina S Ried Ralph A DeFronzo Harald Grallert Benjamin Glaser Andres Metspalu Nicholas J Wareham Mark Walker Eric Banks Christian Gieger Erik Ingelsson Hae Kyung Im Thomas Illig Paul W Franks Gemma Buck Joseph Trakalo David Buck Inga Prokopenko Reedik Mägi Lars Lind Yossi Farjoun Katharine R Owen Anna L Gloyn Konstantin Strauch Tiinamaija Tuomi Jaspal Singh Kooner Jong-Young Lee Taesung Park Peter Donnelly Andrew D Morris Andrew T Hattersley Donald W Bowden Francis S Collins Gil Atzmon John C Chambers Timothy D Spector Markku Laakso Tim M Strom Graeme I Bell John Blangero Ravindranath Duggirala E Shyong Tai Gilean McVean Craig L Hanis James G Wilson Mark Seielstad Timothy M Frayling James B Meigs Nancy J Cox Rob Sladek Eric S Lander Stacey Gabriel Karen L Mohlke Thomas Meitinger Leif Groop Goncalo Abecasis Laura J Scott Andrew P Morris Hyun Min Kang David Altshuler Noël P Burtt Jose C Florez Michael Boehnke Mark I McCarthy

Sci Data 2017 12 19;4:170179. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

To investigate the genetic basis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) to high resolution, the GoT2D and T2D-GENES consortia catalogued variation from whole-genome sequencing of 2,657 European individuals and exome sequencing of 12,940 individuals of multiple ancestries. Over 27M SNPs, indels, and structural variants were identified, including 99% of low-frequency (minor allele frequency [MAF] 0.1-5%) non-coding variants in the whole-genome sequenced individuals and 99. Read More

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December 2017
56 Reads

The Great Mimicker: Pseudo-Meig Syndrome in a Pregnant Patient. A Review.

Ultrasound Q 2018 Mar;34(1):23-28

Meig syndrome is the triad of benign ovarian tumor, ascites, and pleural effusion. Pseudo-Meig syndrome mimics the Meig syndrome triad; however, in pseudo-Meig syndrome, the ovarian tumor usually represents a primary malignancy or metastases. Differentiating Meig from pseudo-Meig syndrome is challenging both clinically and with diagnostic imaging but is important because prognoses for these distinct entities are drastically different. Read More

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March 2018
7 Reads

Ambient air pollution, adipokines, and glucose homeostasis: The Framingham Heart Study.

Environ Int 2018 02 20;111:14-22. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States; Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Unit, Division of Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine associations of proximity to major roadways, sustained exposure to fine particulate matter (PM), and acute exposure to ambient air pollutants with adipokines and measures of glucose homeostasis among participants living in the northeastern United States.

Methods: We included 5958 participants from the Framingham Offspring cohort examination cycle 7 (1998-2001) and 8 (2005-2008) and Third Generation cohort examination cycle 1 (2002-2005) and 2 (2008-2011), who did not have type 2 diabetes at the time of examination visit. We calculated 2003 annual average PM at participants' home address, residential distance to the nearest major roadway, and daily PM, black carbon (BC), sulfate, nitrogen oxides (NO), and ozone concentrations. Read More

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February 2018
10 Reads

A Decade of Genetic and Metabolomic Contributions to Type 2 Diabetes Risk Prediction.

Curr Diab Rep 2017 Nov 4;17(12):135. Epub 2017 Nov 4.

Programs in Metabolism and Medical & Population Genetics, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, 02141, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this review was to summarize and reflect on advances over the past decade in human genetic and metabolomic discovery with particular focus on their contributions to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk prediction.

Recent Findings: In the past 10 years, a combination of advances in genotyping efficiency, metabolomic profiling, bioinformatics approaches, and international collaboration have moved T2D genetics and metabolomics from a state of frustration to an abundance of new knowledge. Efforts to control and prevent T2D have failed to stop this global epidemic. Read More

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November 2017
11 Reads

Sugar-sweetened beverage intake associations with fasting glucose and insulin concentrations are not modified by selected genetic variants in a ChREBP-FGF21 pathway: a meta-analysis.

Diabetologia 2018 02 2;61(2):317-330. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

Division Of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

Aims/hypothesis: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major dietary contributor to fructose intake. A molecular pathway involving the carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) and the metabolic hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) may influence sugar metabolism and, thereby, contribute to fructose-induced metabolic disease. We hypothesise that common variants in 11 genes involved in fructose metabolism and the ChREBP-FGF21 pathway may interact with SSB intake to exacerbate positive associations between higher SSB intake and glycaemic traits. Read More

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February 2018
60 Reads

Exome-wide association study of plasma lipids in >300,000 individuals.

Authors:
Dajiang J Liu Gina M Peloso Haojie Yu Adam S Butterworth Xiao Wang Anubha Mahajan Danish Saleheen Connor Emdin Dewan Alam Alexessander Couto Alves Philippe Amouyel Emanuele Di Angelantonio Dominique Arveiler Themistocles L Assimes Paul L Auer Usman Baber Christie M Ballantyne Lia E Bang Marianne Benn Joshua C Bis Michael Boehnke Eric Boerwinkle Jette Bork-Jensen Erwin P Bottinger Ivan Brandslund Morris Brown Fabio Busonero Mark J Caulfield John C Chambers Daniel I Chasman Y Eugene Chen Yii-Der Ida Chen Rajiv Chowdhury Cramer Christensen Audrey Y Chu John M Connell Francesco Cucca L Adrienne Cupples Scott M Damrauer Gail Davies Ian J Deary George Dedoussis Joshua C Denny Anna Dominiczak Marie-Pierre Dubé Tapani Ebeling Gudny Eiriksdottir Tõnu Esko Aliki-Eleni Farmaki Mary F Feitosa Marco Ferrario Jean Ferrieres Ian Ford Myriam Fornage Paul W Franks Timothy M Frayling Ruth Frikke-Schmidt Lars G Fritsche Philippe Frossard Valentin Fuster Santhi K Ganesh Wei Gao Melissa E Garcia Christian Gieger Franco Giulianini Mark O Goodarzi Harald Grallert Niels Grarup Leif Groop Megan L Grove Vilmundur Gudnason Torben Hansen Tamara B Harris Caroline Hayward Joel N Hirschhorn Oddgeir L Holmen Jennifer Huffman Yong Huo Kristian Hveem Sehrish Jabeen Anne U Jackson Johanna Jakobsdottir Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin Gorm B Jensen Marit E Jørgensen J Wouter Jukema Johanne M Justesen Pia R Kamstrup Stavroula Kanoni Fredrik Karpe Frank Kee Amit V Khera Derek Klarin Heikki A Koistinen Jaspal S Kooner Charles Kooperberg Kari Kuulasmaa Johanna Kuusisto Markku Laakso Timo Lakka Claudia Langenberg Anne Langsted Lenore J Launer Torsten Lauritzen David C M Liewald Li An Lin Allan Linneberg Ruth J F Loos Yingchang Lu Xiangfeng Lu Reedik Mägi Anders Malarstig Ani Manichaikul Alisa K Manning Pekka Mäntyselkä Eirini Marouli Nicholas G D Masca Andrea Maschio James B Meigs Olle Melander Andres Metspalu Andrew P Morris Alanna C Morrison Antonella Mulas Martina Müller-Nurasyid Patricia B Munroe Matt J Neville Jonas B Nielsen Sune F Nielsen Børge G Nordestgaard Jose M Ordovas Roxana Mehran Christoper J O'Donnell Marju Orho-Melander Cliona M Molony Pieter Muntendam Sandosh Padmanabhan Colin N A Palmer Dorota Pasko Aniruddh P Patel Oluf Pedersen Markus Perola Annette Peters Charlotta Pisinger Giorgio Pistis Ozren Polasek Neil Poulter Bruce M Psaty Daniel J Rader Asif Rasheed Rainer Rauramaa Dermot F Reilly Alex P Reiner Frida Renström Stephen S Rich Paul M Ridker John D Rioux Neil R Robertson Dan M Roden Jerome I Rotter Igor Rudan Veikko Salomaa Nilesh J Samani Serena Sanna Naveed Sattar Ellen M Schmidt Robert A Scott Peter Sever Raquel S Sevilla Christian M Shaffer Xueling Sim Suthesh Sivapalaratnam Kerrin S Small Albert V Smith Blair H Smith Sangeetha Somayajula Lorraine Southam Timothy D Spector Elizabeth K Speliotes John M Starr Kathleen E Stirrups Nathan Stitziel Konstantin Strauch Heather M Stringham Praveen Surendran Hayato Tada Alan R Tall Hua Tang Jean-Claude Tardif Kent D Taylor Stella Trompet Philip S Tsao Jaakko Tuomilehto Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen Natalie R van Zuydam Anette Varbo Tibor V Varga Jarmo Virtamo Melanie Waldenberger Nan Wang Nick J Wareham Helen R Warren Peter E Weeke Joshua Weinstock Jennifer Wessel James G Wilson Peter W F Wilson Ming Xu Hanieh Yaghootkar Robin Young Eleftheria Zeggini He Zhang Neil S Zheng Weihua Zhang Yan Zhang Wei Zhou Yanhua Zhou Magdalena Zoledziewska Joanna M M Howson John Danesh Mark I McCarthy Chad A Cowan Goncalo Abecasis Panos Deloukas Kiran Musunuru Cristen J Willer Sekar Kathiresan

Nat Genet 2017 Dec 30;49(12):1758-1766. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

We screened variants on an exome-focused genotyping array in >300,000 participants (replication in >280,000 participants) and identified 444 independent variants in 250 loci significantly associated with total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and/or triglycerides (TG). At two loci (JAK2 and A1CF), experimental analysis in mice showed lipid changes consistent with the human data. We also found that: (i) beta-thalassemia trait carriers displayed lower TC and were protected from coronary artery disease (CAD); (ii) excluding the CETP locus, there was not a predictable relationship between plasma HDL-C and risk for age-related macular degeneration; (iii) only some mechanisms of lowering LDL-C appeared to increase risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D); and (iv) TG-lowering alleles involved in hepatic production of TG-rich lipoproteins (TM6SF2 and PNPLA3) tracked with higher liver fat, higher risk for T2D, and lower risk for CAD, whereas TG-lowering alleles involved in peripheral lipolysis (LPL and ANGPTL4) had no effect on liver fat but decreased risks for both T2D and CAD. Read More

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December 2017
39 Reads

Prediction of Type 2 Diabetes by Hemoglobin A in Two Community-Based Cohorts.

Diabetes Care 2018 01 26;41(1):60-68. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

Objective: Hemoglobin A (HbA) can be used to assess type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. We asked whether HbA was associated with T2D risk in four scenarios of clinical information availability: ) HbA alone, ) fasting laboratory tests, ) clinic data, and ) fasting laboratory tests and clinic data.

Research Design And Methods: We studied a prospective cohort of white ( = 11,244) and black ( = 2,294) middle-aged participants without diabetes in the Framingham Heart Study and Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Identification of a novel proinsulin-associated SNP and demonstration that proinsulin is unlikely to be a causal factor in subclinical vascular remodelling using Mendelian randomisation.

Atherosclerosis 2017 Nov 28;266:196-204. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Cardiovascular Medicine Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background And Aims: Increased proinsulin relative to insulin levels have been associated with subclinical atherosclerosis (measured by carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT)) and are predictive of future cardiovascular disease (CVD), independently of established risk factors. The mechanisms linking proinsulin to atherosclerosis and CVD are unclear. A genome-wide meta-analysis has identified nine loci associated with circulating proinsulin levels. Read More

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November 2017
37 Reads

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation and Health Care Expenditures Among Low-Income Adults.

JAMA Intern Med 2017 Nov;177(11):1642-1649

Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.

Importance: Food insecurity is associated with high health care expenditures, but the effectiveness of food insecurity interventions on health care costs is unknown.

Objective: To determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This is a retrospective cohort study of 4447 noninstitutionalized adults with income below 200% of the federal poverty threshold who participated in the 2011 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 2012-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). Read More

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November 2017
5 Reads

Elevated ischemic stroke risk among women living with HIV infection.

AIDS 2018 Jan;32(1):59-67

Division of General Internal Medicine.

Objective: To determine if the greater risk of ischemic stroke observed in women living with HIV infection (WLWH) compared with HIV-uninfected women persists after accounting for both traditional and sex-specific stroke risk factors.

Methods: We performed an observational cohort study of WLWH (n = 1214) and demographics-matched HIV-uninfected women (n = 12 041) seen between 1996 and 2011 at two tertiary care hospitals in Boston. We used Cox proportional hazards regression analyses to model time to ischemic stroke, adjusting first for demographics and traditional stroke risk factors and then for sex-specific stroke risk factors, including menopause and estrogen use. Read More

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January 2018
15 Reads

The Failure of Clara Thompson's Ferenczian (Proxy) Analysis of Harry Stack Sullivan.

Authors:
Kathleen Meigs

Am J Psychoanal 2017 Sep;77(3):313-331

, 1629 NW 19th Circle, Gainesville, FL, 32065, USA.

After hearing Ferenczi's talks on theory and practice in New York in 1926, psychiatrist Harry Stack Sullivan urged his friend and colleague Clara Thompson to get analyzed by Ferenczi so they could learn his technique. After saving for 2 years Thompson was a patient of Ferenczi for three summers and then moved to Budapest full-time for analysis until Ferenczi's death. Two years after she returned to New York she attempted to analyze Sullivan. Read More

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September 2017

Impact of common genetic determinants of Hemoglobin A1c on type 2 diabetes risk and diagnosis in ancestrally diverse populations: A transethnic genome-wide meta-analysis.

Authors:
Eleanor Wheeler Aaron Leong Ching-Ti Liu Marie-France Hivert Rona J Strawbridge Clara Podmore Man Li Jie Yao Xueling Sim Jaeyoung Hong Audrey Y Chu Weihua Zhang Xu Wang Peng Chen Nisa M Maruthur Bianca C Porneala Stephen J Sharp Yucheng Jia Edmond K Kabagambe Li-Ching Chang Wei-Min Chen Cathy E Elks Daniel S Evans Qiao Fan Franco Giulianini Min Jin Go Jouke-Jan Hottenga Yao Hu Anne U Jackson Stavroula Kanoni Young Jin Kim Marcus E Kleber Claes Ladenvall Cecile Lecoeur Sing-Hui Lim Yingchang Lu Anubha Mahajan Carola Marzi Mike A Nalls Pau Navarro Ilja M Nolte Lynda M Rose Denis V Rybin Serena Sanna Yuan Shi Daniel O Stram Fumihiko Takeuchi Shu Pei Tan Peter J van der Most Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk Andrew Wong Loic Yengo Wanting Zhao Anuj Goel Maria Teresa Martinez Larrad Dörte Radke Perttu Salo Toshiko Tanaka Erik P A van Iperen Goncalo Abecasis Saima Afaq Behrooz Z Alizadeh Alain G Bertoni Amelie Bonnefond Yvonne Böttcher Erwin P Bottinger Harry Campbell Olga D Carlson Chien-Hsiun Chen Yoon Shin Cho W Timothy Garvey Christian Gieger Mark O Goodarzi Harald Grallert Anders Hamsten Catharina A Hartman Christian Herder Chao Agnes Hsiung Jie Huang Michiya Igase Masato Isono Tomohiro Katsuya Chiea-Chuen Khor Wieland Kiess Katsuhiko Kohara Peter Kovacs Juyoung Lee Wen-Jane Lee Benjamin Lehne Huaixing Li Jianjun Liu Stephane Lobbens Jian'an Luan Valeriya Lyssenko Thomas Meitinger Tetsuro Miki Iva Miljkovic Sanghoon Moon Antonella Mulas Gabriele Müller Martina Müller-Nurasyid Ramaiah Nagaraja Matthias Nauck James S Pankow Ozren Polasek Inga Prokopenko Paula S Ramos Laura Rasmussen-Torvik Wolfgang Rathmann Stephen S Rich Neil R Robertson Michael Roden Ronan Roussel Igor Rudan Robert A Scott William R Scott Bengt Sennblad David S Siscovick Konstantin Strauch Liang Sun Morris Swertz Salman M Tajuddin Kent D Taylor Yik-Ying Teo Yih Chung Tham Anke Tönjes Nicholas J Wareham Gonneke Willemsen Tom Wilsgaard Aroon D Hingorani Josephine Egan Luigi Ferrucci G Kees Hovingh Antti Jula Mika Kivimaki Meena Kumari Inger Njølstad Colin N A Palmer Manuel Serrano Ríos Michael Stumvoll Hugh Watkins Tin Aung Matthias Blüher Michael Boehnke Dorret I Boomsma Stefan R Bornstein John C Chambers Daniel I Chasman Yii-Der Ida Chen Yduan-Tsong Chen Ching-Yu Cheng Francesco Cucca Eco J C de Geus Panos Deloukas Michele K Evans Myriam Fornage Yechiel Friedlander Philippe Froguel Leif Groop Myron D Gross Tamara B Harris Caroline Hayward Chew-Kiat Heng Erik Ingelsson Norihiro Kato Bong-Jo Kim Woon-Puay Koh Jaspal S Kooner Antje Körner Diana Kuh Johanna Kuusisto Markku Laakso Xu Lin Yongmei Liu Ruth J F Loos Patrik K E Magnusson Winfried März Mark I McCarthy Albertine J Oldehinkel Ken K Ong Nancy L Pedersen Mark A Pereira Annette Peters Paul M Ridker Charumathi Sabanayagam Michele Sale Danish Saleheen Juha Saltevo Peter Eh Schwarz Wayne H H Sheu Harold Snieder Timothy D Spector Yasuharu Tabara Jaakko Tuomilehto Rob M van Dam James G Wilson James F Wilson Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel Tien Yin Wong Jer-Yuarn Wu Jian-Min Yuan Alan B Zonderman Nicole Soranzo Xiuqing Guo David J Roberts Jose C Florez Robert Sladek Josée Dupuis Andrew P Morris E-Shyong Tai Elizabeth Selvin Jerome I Rotter Claudia Langenberg Inês Barroso James B Meigs

PLoS Med 2017 Sep 12;14(9):e1002383. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Background: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is used to diagnose type 2 diabetes (T2D) and assess glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 18 HbA1c-associated genetic variants. These variants proved to be classifiable by their likely biological action as erythrocytic (also associated with erythrocyte traits) or glycemic (associated with other glucose-related traits). Read More

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September 2017
67 Reads

Massive ascites, pelvic mass, elevated CA-125 and weight loss: think outside the 'ovaries'.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Aug 11;2017. Epub 2017 Aug 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

A 44-year-old woman presented with 3 months' history of painless progressive abdominal distension and weight loss of more than 15 kg. Clinically a pelviabdominal mass with ascites was detected. CT scan of the pelvis and abdomen showed a subserosal leiomyoma with huge amount of ascites. Read More

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August 2017
4 Reads

Associations of Dairy Intake with Incident Prediabetes or Diabetes in Middle-Aged Adults Vary by Both Dairy Type and Glycemic Status.

J Nutr 2017 09 2;147(9):1764-1775. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

Nutritional Epidemiology, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, and Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Boston, MA;

Inconsistent evidence describes the association between dietary intake of dairy and milk-based products and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. Our objective was to assess associations between consumption of milk-based products, incident prediabetes, and progression to T2D in the Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort. Total dairy and milk-based product consumption was assessed by ≤4 food-frequency questionnaires across a mean of 12 y of follow-up in 2809 participants [mean ± SD age: 54. Read More

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September 2017
22 Reads

with Pseudo-Meigs' Syndrome and Raised Cancer Antigen-125 Levels Masquerading as an Ovarian Carcinoma Case report and literature review.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2017 May 20;17(2):e229-e233. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Hospital, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

The monodermal teratoma is a rare ovarian tumour; however, presenting with pseudo-Meigs' syndrome and raised cancer antigen (CA)-125 levels is even rarer. In elderly patients, this presentation can potentially lead to a misdiagnosis of a malignant ovarian carcinoma, resulting in unnecessary extensive surgery. We report a 55-year-old female who presented to the Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Hospital, New Delhi, India, in 2016 with progressive abdominal discomfort, fatigue and abdominal distention. Read More

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May 2017
27 Reads

Food Insecurity and Health Care Expenditures in the United States, 2011-2013.

Health Serv Res 2018 Jun 13;53(3):1600-1620. Epub 2017 Jun 13.

Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Objective: To determine whether food insecurity, limited or uncertain food access owing to cost, is associated with greater health care expenditures.

Data Source/study Setting: Nationally representative sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population of the United States (2011 National Health Interview Survey [NHIS] linked to 2012-2013 Medication Expenditure Panel Survey [MEPS]).

Study Design: Longitudinal retrospective cohort. Read More

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June 2018
32 Reads

Trends in food insecurity for adults with cardiometabolic disease in the United States: 2005-2012.

PLoS One 2017 7;12(6):e0179172. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Diabetes Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Background: Food insecurity, the uncertain ability to access adequate food, can limit adherence to dietary measures needed to prevent and manage cardiometabolic conditions. However, little is known about temporal trends in food insecurity among those with diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions.

Methods: We used data from the Continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012, analyzed in 2015-2016, to calculate trends in age-standardized rates of food insecurity for those with and without the following diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions: diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and obesity. Read More

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September 2017
16 Reads