1,760 results match your criteria Medical Principles and Practice [Journal]


Diversity of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria In Kuwait: Rapid Identification And Differentiation Of Mycobacterium species by multiplex PCR, INNO-LiPA Mycobacteria v2 assay and PCR-sequencing of rDNA.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Objective: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) often cause disease that is clinically indistinguishable from tuberculosis. Specific identification is important as treatment varies according to Mycobacterium species causing the infection. This study used multiplex PCR (mPCR) assay for rapid differentiation of mycobacterial growth indicator tube 960 system (MGIT) cultures as Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) or NTM together with INNO LiPA Mycobacteria v2 assay (LiPA) and/or PCR-sequencing of rDNA for species-specific identification of selected MTB and all NTM isolates in Kuwait. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000498910DOI Listing
February 2019

Whipple's Disease: A Case Report.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Objective

Whipple's disease is a very rare systemic infectious disease, with an incidence of 1 in one million, which may be fatal if not diagnosed and treated appropriately.

Clinical Presentation and Intervention

Herein we will describe a 49 years old male patient admitted to the hospital with the signs of severe malabsorption and diagnosed with Whipple's disease.

Conclusion

We aimed to emphasize the Whipple's disease to be kept in mind for the prompt diagnosis and treatment of patients with malabsorption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000498909DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Thyroid Ultrasound Reports: Deficiencies and Recommendations.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Objective: Thyroid ultrasound plays a major role in the clinical management of patients with thyroid nodules. Comprehensive reporting enables malignant risk stratification and biopsy decisions. In this study, we aimed at a systematic evaluation of the content and completeness of thyroid radiology reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497789DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Association between peripheral artery disease and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome: findings from the Gulf COAST registry.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Objective: To evaluate the association between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the Arabian Gulf.

Methods: Data was analyzed from 4044 consecutive patients diagnosed with ACS admitted to 29 hospitals in four Arabian Gulf countries from January 2012 to January 2013. PAD was defined as any of the following: claudication, amputation for arterial vascular insufficiency, vascular reconstruction, bypass surgery, or percutaneous intervention in the extremities, documented aortic aneurysm or ankle brachial index of < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497790DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Age-Specific Reference Ranges of Prostate-Specific Antigen Among Saudi Men As a Representation of the Arab Population.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Objective: To describe the reference ranges of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in Saudi men. Materials/Subjects and Methods: Saudi males, aged 30 and above, were invited to participate in the study. Blood samples were taken from each subject to determine serum levels of PSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497744DOI Listing
February 2019

Galectin-3 in acute myocardial infarction patients with atrial fibrillation.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Objective: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and galectin-3 is possibly involved in its occurrence. Galectin-3 has been shown to play a central role in fibrosis and tissue remodeling and has a role in inflammatory and proliferative responses. The aim of our study was to measure galectin-3 levels in patients with myocardial infarction and to compare its levels in patients with or without AF, in order to investigate the potential predictive role of galectin-3 in this setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497611DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Comparison of Subjective and Objective Assessments of Neurosensory Function after Lingual Nerve Repair.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Objective: Mandibular third molar extractions are important in oral maxillofacial surgery. Damage to the lingual nerves, although rare, is a possible complication. There are reports of postoperative recovery after lingual nerve repair, but few reports compared subjective and objective assessments of neurosensory function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497610DOI Listing
February 2019

Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor Affects Angiogenesis in Celiac Disease.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Objective: Recent studies have demonstrated that angiogenesis is impaired in patients with celiac disease (CD). In this study, we evaluated the levels of the novel anti-angiogenic factor pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in CD patients.

Methods: 84 patients were included in the study; 71 patients with celiac disease and 13 healthy controls. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/497612
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497612DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Glomerular filtration rate as a prognostic factor for long-term mortality after acute pulmonary embolism.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Objective:
To determine the impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and creatinine clearance (CrCl) on long-term all-cause mortality following acute PE in association with other routine laboratory analyses and comorbidities.
Materials (Subjects) and Methods
The prospective study enrolled 141 consecutive patients presenting with objectively confirmed acute PE. Demographic, clinical data, comorbidities and laboratory values were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497436DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Orthodontically-Relevant Manifestations in People with Rare Diseases.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Background: Approximately 15% of all rare diseases occur with orofacial manifestations. Symptoms and manifestations of relevance to orthodontists represent a considerable proportion of these diseases and require appropriate strategies for their treatment. This article provides an overview of the orthodontically-relevant manifestations of rare diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497437DOI Listing
February 2019

Precision Diabetes is Slowly Becoming a Reality.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Jan 27. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

The concept of precision medicine is becoming increasingly popular. The use of big data, genomics and other 'omics' like metabolomics, proteomics and trancriptomics could make the dream of personalized medicine become a reality in the near future. As far as polygenic forms of diabetes like type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and type 1 diabetes (T1DM) are concerned, interesting leads are emerging, but precision diabetes is still in its infancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497241DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Maternal Haematological Parameters and Placental and Umbilical Cord Histopathology in Intrauterine Growth Restriction.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Jan 27. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Objective:

There are literature data on the relationship between pregnancy outcomes and placental morphology, ultrasonic fetal biometry and arterial Doppler flow velocimetry in relation to placental morphometry We investigated the placental and umbilical cord histopathology in IUGR, and their relation with second trimester maternal haematological parameters.

Materials (Subjects) and Methods

Women were followed up with ultraonography and blood samples were taken between the 20-24th gestational weeks and they were selected for IUGR group based on estimated fetal weight below the 10th percentile. Patients were recruited in the control group randomly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497240DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A Rare Variant of the Great Cardiac Vein Draining Directly into the Superior Vena Cava.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Objective: A routine dissection of a 67-year-old cadaver revealed a very rare morphological variant of the great cardiac vein.

Presentation: The vein originated in the upper third of the anterior interventricular sulcus, crossed the anterior interventricular artery superficially, ran beneath the circumflex artery, crossed the transverse pericardial sinus and drained directly into the superior vena cava (SVC).

Conclusion: This variant of the great cardiac vein is interesting due to its rarity, and is important for procedures that require venous access such as coronary surgery requiring retrograde cardioplegia, surgical ablation of aberrant conducting pathways, pacemaker insertion and valve surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497204DOI Listing
January 2019

Probable Etoricoxib-Induced Severe Thrombocytopenia: A Case Report.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Objective: To describe a case of likely etoricoxib-induced severe thrombocytopenia.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A 32-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for disseminated petechial rash after seven days of therapy with etoricoxib. At admission, the patient's platelet count was 3000/mmc. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496975
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496975DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

The Effectiveness of Different Doses of Intravenous Immunoglobulin on Severe Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease: A Meta-Analysis.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Objective: To conduct a meta-analysis of evidence from randomized controlled trails (RCTs) of different doses of Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) in children with severe hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) to provide the scientific basis for clinical practice.

Methods: A search of PubMed-Medline, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP database (until 30 June 2017) was performed and Software RevMan5.3 was used to evaluate the effect of different doses of IVIG on HFMD in RCTs, We used random effects models (or fixed effects models) and generic inverse variance methods to process quantitative data, followed by a leave-one-out method for sensitivity analysis. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496926
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496926DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads
1.113 Impact Factor

A Pilot Study: Urinary Uromodulin-Creatinine Ratio as a Potential Clinical Biomarker for CKD Patients with Gout.

Med Princ Pract 2019 Jan 13. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Objective: Recent studies have reported that reduced excretion of urinary uromodulin (uUMOD) was associated with renal tubular function and risks of progressive kidney disease. Gouty nephropathy is usually seen in patients with gout. Patients with chronic gouty nephropathy are characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals primarily involving the collecting ducts in the medulla. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496844DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Meta-analysis on the Relationship Between Hair Dye and the Incidence of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Background: Epidemiologic studies have suggested hair dye to be a risk factor for many cancers. However, previous studies on the association between the personal use of hair dye and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) have been inconclusive.

Methods: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases, as well as the references cited in included studies, were searched for relevant studies up to February 10, 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496447DOI Listing
December 2018

A Case of Massive Cerebral Arterial Air Embolism Induced by Artificial Pneumothorax and Its Analysis.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of cerebral arterial air embolism.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: The clinical data of a patient with cerebral arterial air embolism induced during artificial pneumothorax was retrospectively analyzed. The patient needed the induction of artificial pneumothorax for medical thoracoscopy, but developed hemiplegia and disturbance of consciousness during the induction, and cerebral arterial air embolism was detected by head computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496342DOI Listing
December 2018

Hypoglycemia but not Hyperglycemia is Associated with Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Diabetes.

Med Princ Pract 2018 12 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Background: Both severe hyperglycemia (>200mg/dL) and hypoglycemia (≤70mg/dL) are known to be associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients. Therefore, we investigated associations of a single episode of blood glucose deviation (concentration either ≤70mg/dL mg/dL and/or above 200mg/dL) during an ICU stay with mortality in these patients.

Methods: 4,986 patients (63 ± 16 years; 38% female; 14% diabetics based on medical records) admitted to a German ICU in a tertiary care hospital were retrospectively investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496205DOI Listing
December 2018

miR-192 is Overexpressed and Promotes Cell Proliferation in Prostate Cancer.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Objective: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most prevalent types of cancer among men worldwide. The incidence of PCa is increasing in China. Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify novel diagnostic and prognostic markers for PCa to improve the treatment of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496206DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Influence of Sleep Apnea on 24-hour and Nocturnal ECG and Blood Pressure Parameters in Patients with Acute Heart Failure.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Objective: To investigate the influence of sleep apnea on ECG and blood pressure monitoring parameters in patients with acute heart failure (AHF).

Methods: 51 hospitalized patients with AHF (13 women, 38 men, mean age 60.8 years) underwent 24-hour combined monitoring of ECG and blood pressure and sleep apnea testing before discharge. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496148
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496148DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome: A Possible Cause for Growth Retardation and Pubertal Delay.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Objective: To describe a rare case of Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus (BRBNS) with growth retardation and pubertal delay.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A 16-year-old boy with severe iron deficiency anemia was diagnosed with BRBNS, showing growth retardation and pubertal delay simultaneously. The patient was treated conservatively with intravenous iron therapy and his puberty advanced gradually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496105DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

In Vivo Assessment of Combined Effects of Glibenclamide and Losartan in Diabetic Rats.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Objective: Diabetic complications involve multiple pathological pathways, including hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Combination therapy is usually employed to improve treatment outcomes and to lower potential adverse effects. In this study, we evaluated the effects of antidiabetic and antihypertensive agents, glibenclamide (GLI) and losartan (LT), on diabetes-associated metabolic changes in rats. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496104DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Unusual Maculopapular Rash on the Scalp of a Patient with Mediterranean Spotted Fever.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Objective: To report a rare case of maculopapular rash on the scalp in a patient with Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF).

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A 58-year-old woman with breast cancer and chemotherapy-induced alopecia contracted MSF. Her clinical features were typical, except for a maculopapular rash covering the scalp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495938DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Knowledge About and Attitudes of Interdisciplinary Team Members Toward Occupational Therapy Practice: Implications and Future Directions.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Objectives: In Kuwait, knowledge and attitudes of the health care teams toward occupational therapy practice (OTP) have not been investigated. This current study, sought to explore the knowledge about, and attitudes of interdisciplinary team members toward OTP.

Subjects And Methods: This cross-sectional study involved developing and validating a tool to serve the purpose of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495915DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads
1.113 Impact Factor

Over-the-counter Weight-Loss Herbal Supplements in Egypt: Label Claim, Microbiological, Pharmaceutical Quality and Safety Assessments.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Objectives: Nutraceuticals are advertised and sold with the label claim of being natural and safe herbal products. Due to the absence of clear regulations and guidelines for safety assessments of these products, nutraceuticals are commonly adulterated in order to increase sales. The objective of the current study was to design a comprehensive evaluation system to assess the safety, efficacy, authenticity according to label claim and pharmaceutical quality, of herbal slimming products in between 2015 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495986DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The Association between Diabetes Mellitus and Periodontal diseases: A Survey of the Opinions of Dental Professionals.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Objective: This cross-sectional survey aimed to assess the knowledge of dentists and dental assistants practicing in Saudi Arabia, regarding diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontal diseases.

Subjects And Methods: We used a pre-tested, closed-ended, multiple-choice questionnaire covering two principal sections; the assessment of previous educational training and practice, and the knowledge and scientific background regarding the DM and periodontal diseases. The responses were grouped using the Likert-type scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495881DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Relationship between Aortic Arch Calcification, Detected by Chest X-Ray, and Renal Resistive Index in Patients with Hypertension.

Med Princ Pract 2018 11 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Objective: Aortic arch calcification is a surrogate marker for arterial stiffness and hypertension-related vascular damage. Renal Resistive Index, a renal Doppler ultrasound parameter, is used to assess renal hemodynamics. In this study, the authors aimed to evaluate the relationship between Renal Resistive Index and aortic arch calcification in patients with hypertension. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495786
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495786DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Comparison of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT) and Digital Mammography (DM) for Detection of Breast Cancer in Women in Kuwait.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Objective: To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of dig¬ital mammography (DM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) for the detection of breast cancer in comparison to histopathology findings.

Subjects And Methods: We included 65 breast lesions in 58 women, each detected by two diagnostic mammography techniques: DM and DBT using Senographe Essential machine (GE Healthcare, Buc, France), and subsequently confirmed by histopathology. The Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) was used for charac¬terizing the lesions. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495753
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495753DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Modesty, Objectification, and Disordered Eating Patterns - A Comparative Study Between Veiled and Non-Veiled Muslim Women Residing in Kuwait.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Background: The common thread running through all forms of sexual objectification is the experience of being treated as a body (or collection of body parts) valued predominantly for its use to (or consumption by) others. Girls and women who adopt a peculiar view of self, an effect called self-objectification may contribute to women's depression, sexual dysfunction, and eating disorders. The objectives of the study are to investigate the impact of modesty (in terms of veiling, i. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495567
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495567DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

The Association of the CHA2DS2VASc Score with Acute Stent Thrombosis in Patients with an ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Who Underwent a Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to determine the predictive value of the CHA2DS2VASc score for acute stent thrombosis (ST) in patients with an ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI).

Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted among 3,460 consecutive patients with STEMI patients who underwent pPCIs. Acute ST was considered as a definite or confirmed event in the presence of symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome and angiographic confirmation of ST based on the diagnostic guidelines of the Academic Research Consortium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495526DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Does Tourniquet Time or Pressure Contribute to Intracranial Pressure Increase Following Tourniquet Application?

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether an early increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) following the deflation of a tourniquet is related to the tourniquet time (TT) or tourniquet pressure (TP) and to identify a safe cutoff value for TT or TP.

Materials And Methods: Patients who underwent elective orthopedic lower extremity surgery under general anesthesia were randomized into two groups: Group A, inflation with a pneumatic TP of systolic blood pressure + 100 mmHg (n = 30) and Group B, inflation using the arterial occlusion pressure formula (n = 30). The initial and maximum TPs, TT, and sonographic measurements of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and end tidal CO2 values were taken at specific time points (15 minutes before the induction of anesthesia, just before, and 5, 10, and 15 minutes after the tourniquet was deflated). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495110
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495110DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Level of Anxiety and Depression in Cardiac Syndrome X.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Objective: Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is defined as angina-like symptoms, abnormalities on stress testing and normal epicardial coronary arteries on coronary angiography. The aim of this study was to determine the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scores of patients with CSX and to compare with healthy controls. Materials/Subjects and Methods: Patients undergoing coronary angiography between January 2015 and December 2016 because of clinical indications, including abnormal noninvasive test results were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495109DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Crestal Bone Loss Around Submerged and Non-Submerged Dental Implants in Individuals with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus: A 7-Year Prospective Clinical Study.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Objective: In establishing an evidence-based rationale for the optimal use of implant therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), it is essential to first understand the impact of glycemic control on early healing and the success of dental implants. The objective of this study was to evaluate crestal bone loss (CBL) and stability around submerged and non-submerged dental implants in Saudi patients with well- and poorly-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Subject And Methods: Thirty-five patients with well-controlled T2DM (24 males and 11 females) and 32 poorly-controlled T2DM patients (19 males and 13 females) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495111DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Potential New Approaches in Predicting Adverse Cardiac Events One Month After Major Vascular Surgery.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Nov 4. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Objective: The aim of our study was to find the best model with sufficient power to improve the risk stratification in major vascular surgery patients during the first 30 days after this procedure. The discriminatory power of 4 biomarkers [troponin I (TnI), N terminal brain natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP), Creatine kinase-MBenotype (CK-MB), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)] was tested and 2 risk assessment models, with 13 different combinations of them.

Subject And Methods: The study included 122 patients (men - 77%, women - 23%) with an average age of 67. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495079
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495079DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Acute Myocardial Infarction Due to Multiple Thrombosis without Cardiogenic Shock.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Objective: Acute thrombotic occlusion of >1 major coronary arteries is very rare (2.5%). Herein, we report a patient with simultaneous anterior and inferior myocardial infarction without cardiogenic shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495004DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Is There A Possible Association Between the Skeletal Face Types and Third Molar Impaction? A Retrospective Radiographic Study.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Objective: Third molar impaction is seen much more than impaction of any other tooth as they are the last teeth to erupt. Inadequate retromolar space and the direction of eruption may be contributing factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between third molar impaction and different skeletal face types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495005DOI Listing
October 2018

Pregnancy-Induced Sweet's Syndrome Treated with Infliximab.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Objective: To present a case of relapsing and resistant Sweet's syndrome that developed during pregnancy together with an onset of Crohn's disease, showing complete resolution with the use of infliximab.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A 30- year old pregnant woman presented with fever, skin lesions and diarrhea. Skin biopsy confirmed neutrophilic dermatosis and she was diagnosed with Crohn's disease after endoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494974DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads
1.113 Impact Factor

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Colopathy in a Colorectal Cancer Screening Program.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Objective: To present a case of colopathy related to the use of diclofenac in a patient with a positive immunochemical faecal occult blood test (iFOBT) with a view to discuss the influence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) agents on iFOBT specificity.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A colonoscopy in a 56-year-old female presenting with a positive iFOBT revealed diaphragm-like strictures and ulcers in the right colon. While carrying out a detailed retrospective interview, she reported a chronic backache requiring long-term NSAID treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494839DOI Listing
October 2018

Hashimoto Encephalopathy as a Complication of Autoimmune Thyroiditis.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Objective: To present a case of Hashimoto Encephalopathy as a complication of Autoimmune Thyroiditis.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: A previously healthy 56-year-old female presented with rapidly progressive cognitive decline and visual hallucinations. Being a diagnosis of exclusion, Hashimoto Encephalopathy required an extensive laboratory and diagnostic workup, which was done over the course of a 15-day hospitalization. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494800
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494800DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Influence of Laboratory Culture Media on In-vitro Growth, Adhesion and Biofilm Formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Objective: Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus dual species biofilm infections are notoriously difficult to manage. This study was aimed at investigating the influence of four different culture media on the planktonic growth, adhesion and biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.

Materials And Methods: We monitored four different culture media including Nutrient broth (NB), Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) broth, Luria-Bertani (LB) broth and RPMI 1640 medium on the planktonic growth, adhesion and biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) using MTT assay and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494757
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494757DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Epididymal Dirofilariasis in a Child. First Case Report from Bulgaria.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Objective: To present case of a child with epididymal dirofilariasis.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: An 11-year-old boy is admitted at the Clinic of Pediatric Urology for elective surgery treatment of epididymal cyst on the left side. After removal, the cyst was sent for histological examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494619DOI Listing
October 2018
1.113 Impact Factor

Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients with Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Objectives: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common acute disease with an incidence of 0.5-2/10,000. This study aimed to determine whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) could be indicators for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494556DOI Listing
October 2018
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Glutathione S-Transferases and Cytochrome P450 enzyme expression in patients with Intracranial Tumors: Preliminary Report of 55 Patients.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Objective: Intracranial tumors are one of the most frightening and difficult to treat tumor types. In addition to surgery, additional protocols such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy also take place in the treatment. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are prominent drug metabolizing enzymes in human body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494496DOI Listing
October 2018
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Proton Pump Inhibitors and the Risk of Dementia: is There a Link?

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 14. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Objective: Dementia is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorder among older populations around the world, and the incidence is increasing. Many epidemiologic studies have considered the association between proton-pump inhibitors and dementia, yet the relationship is still controversial.The objective of this study was to validate whether or not proton-pump inhibitors is indeed associated with dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494461DOI Listing
October 2018

Bladder Explosion During Transurethral Resection of the Prostate Repaired Laparoscopically: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Objective: To report on a case of intravesical explosion during transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) which was managed laparoscopically and to review the relevant literature.

Clinical Presentation And Intervention: During TURP, a loud explosion was heard and a jolt was felt in abdomen. A bladder tear was seen endoscopically. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494434
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494434DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

The Relationship between Maxillary Sinus Lateral Wall Thickness, Alveolar Bone Loss, and Demographic Variables: A Cross-sectional Cone Beam Computerized Tomography Study.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Objectives: Sinus floor evelation and augmentation surgery is widely used as a reliable procedure to increase insufficient bone height in the posterior maxillary area. The purpose of the present clinical study was to determine the associations between periodontal bone loss (PBL), maxillary sinus lateral bone wall thickness, age, and gender using cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT).

Material And Method: The current retrospective study consists of 716 maxillary sinus CBCT images of 358 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494325DOI Listing
October 2018
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Investigation of Therapeutic Effects of Erdosteine on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in a Rat Model.

Med Princ Pract 2018 Oct 7. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a serious endocrine disorder. In the present study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of erdosteine in letrozole induced-PCOS in rats.

Methods: Thirty two wistar albino female rats were grouped as control group (C), PCOS group (PCOS), PCOS-metformin group (PCOS+MET), PCOS-erdosteine group (PCOS+Erd). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494300DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads