Histopathology 2022 Jan 16;80(2):381-396. Epub 2021 Nov 16.
Institute of Pathology, University Medical Centre Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
Aims: Primary mediastinal germ cell tumours (PMGCTs) are rare mediastinal neoplasms, and their diagnosis can be challenging, owing to small biopsy samples. The aim of this study was to develop a diagnostic algorithm using immunohistochemical staining, with a focus on novel markers, and molecular analysis of isochromosome 12p [i(12p)].
Methods And Results: Paraffin-embedded tissues of 32 mediastinal tumours were analysed with immunohistochemical staining for sal-like transcription factor 4 (SALL4), Lin-28 homologue A (LIN28), octamer-binding transcription factor 3/4 (OCT3/4), D2-40, cluster of differentiation 117 (CD117), sex-determining region Y-box 17, sex-determining region Y-box 2 (SOX2), cluster of differentiation 30, the β-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG), GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA3), forkhead box protein A2 (FOXA2), glypican-3 (GPC3), α-fetoprotein (AFP), terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), nuclear protein of the testis (NUT), and pan-cytokeratin. Read More