55,719 results match your criteria Mediastinal Seminoma


Gray-zone Lymphoma Between cHL and Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Histopathologic Series From the LYSA.

Am J Surg Pathol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

INSERM1052, CNRS 5286, Lyon-Sud Charles Mérieux Lyon-1 Faculty, Claude Bernard University.

Gray-zone lymphoma (GZL) with features intermediate between classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) was introduced as a provisional entity into the World Health Organization classification in 2008. However, as diagnostic criteria are imprecise, reliable identification of GZL cases remains challenging. Here, we describe the histopathologic features of 139 GZL cases from a retrospective Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) study with the goal to improve classification accuracy. Read More

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December 2018
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Coronary Artery Fistula with a Giant Saccular Aneurysm Misdiagnosed as a Mediastinal Mass.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):3015-3016

Department of Cardiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon 16499, Korea.

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December 2018

Multiple intercostal neurilemmomas in a Chinese woman.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1220-S1222

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

Neurilemmomas are rare tumors of neural crest cell origin that occur most commonly in the head and neck region. Intercostal neurilemmomas are extremely rare and are mostly seen as solitary tumors in the posterior mediastinum. Only one case report of multiple intercostal neurilemmomas has been documented previously. Read More

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December 2018
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[Georg von Hofmann-Wellenhof-130 years ago the first victim at the beginning of the investigation of infectious diseases in Austria].

Authors:
Heinz Flamm

Wien Med Wochenschr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Klinisches Institut, Universität Wien, Martinstraße 7, 3400, Klosterneuburg, Österreich.

After his medical studies in Vienna and Graz, Georg von Hofmann-Wellenhof, born in 1860 in Vienna, became an assistant at the Pathology Institute at the University of Graz. In 1887, he described a bacterium in the pharynx which resembled diphtheria bacillus. As it was not pathogenic in animal experiments, he named it Bacillus pseudodiphthericus, now Corynebacterium pseudodiphthericum. Read More

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December 2018
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Successful Localization Using Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT of a Phosphaturic Mesenchymal Tumor Causing Osteomalacia in a Patient with Concurrent Follicular Lymphoma.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Dec 12;52(6):462-467. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 05505 South Korea.

Diagnosing tumor-induced osteomalacia is often challenging because conventional imaging modalities may fail to locate the responsible tumor. This report describes the ability of Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT to successfully distinguish between the responsible phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor and concurrent lymphoma lesions. A 52-year-old man with bone pain for several years was diagnosed with a vitamin D-resistant hypophosphatemic osteomalacia. Read More

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December 2018

Vasoformative Lesions in Mediastinal Mixed Germ Cell Tumors: an Interesting Account of Two Cases Spanning the Benign to Malignant Spectrum.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 18;9(4):624-628. Epub 2018 May 18.

1Department of Histopathology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajender Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Extragonadal germ cell tumors are most commonly encountered in the anterior mediastinum. The presence of sarcomatous malignancies in these tumors is a rare phenomenon that adversely impacts patient prognosis because of poor response to conventional cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Even more unusual is the presence of florid benign somatic proliferations that overshadow the germ cell component, often resulting in misdiagnosis and inappropriate management. Read More

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December 2018
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Transthoracic Needle Biopsy (TNB) under Different Guiding Methods - the Experience of the Thoracic Surgery Clinic of Craiova after the First 235 Cases.

Curr Health Sci J 2015 Jul-Sep;41(3):239-245. Epub 2015 Mar 15.

Radiology and Imaging Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.

Transthoracic needle biopsy (TNB) is a fast and safe method used to establish definitive diagnosis for most thoracic lesions, whether the lesion is located in the pleura, the lung parenchyma, or the mediastinum. Diffuse disease and solitary lesions are equally approachable.TNB can avoid (when technically possible) more complex diagnostic interventions such asmediastinoscopy, thoracoscopy and exploratory thoracotomy. Read More

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Post-operative intrapericardial hematoma presenting as isolated right atrial tamponade.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 Feb 16;9(2):48-49. Epub 2013 Dec 16.

Baylor College of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Houston, TX, USA.

A 57-year-old male underwent mechanical mitral valve replacement for severe mitral regurgitation of a prolapsed myxomatous mitral valve. The patient's post-operative recovery period was uneventful until the eighth day when he decompensated into pulseless electrical activity arrest. A bedside transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a large, smooth-edged mass nearly obliterating the right atrial cavity. Read More

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February 2014

Acute myocardial infarction as presentation of an infiltrative lung neoplasia.

J Cardiol Cases 2013 Mar 29;7(3):e61-e63. Epub 2013 Jan 29.

Cardiology Department, Hospital General Universitario "Gregorio Marañón", c/Dr. Esquerdo, 46, 28007 Madrid, Spain.

We report the case of a 51-year-old woman who presented with acute myocardial infarction as initial symptom of an infiltrative lung neoplasia. The patient was admitted to our center following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation which was cardioverted. On electrocardiography an anterior wall ST-elevation was found and urgent coronary angiography was performed. Read More

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Radiation-induced combination of cardiac disease and sternoclavicular joint destruction.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Dec 6;4(3):e176-e178. Epub 2011 Sep 6.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Völklingen Heart Centre, D-66333 Völklingen, Germany.

Very late valvular and/or coronary artery diseases after mediastinal radiation are rare but well known. Late radiation induced osteonecrosis of the sternoclavicular joint is very rare. The combination of both or all three diseases has not yet been described to the best of our knowledge. Read More

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December 2011

The usefulness of chemotherapy for control of ventricular arrhythmias secondary to cardiac metastasis of germ cell tumor.

J Cardiol Cases 2010 Dec 8;2(3):e132-e134. Epub 2010 Oct 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

A 14-year-old boy was referred to our hospital because of treatment of germ cell tumor in the anterior mediastinum. Computerized tomographic (CT) scan of the chest and abdomen revealed a large tumor in the anterior mediastinum and multiple metastatic tumors in the lung, liver, kidney, pancreas, and heart. There was a mass in the interventricular septum. Read More

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December 2010

Thymic epithelial neoplasms with sebaceous differentiation: a clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical study of 8 cases.

Hum Pathol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Pathology, The university of Texas, M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Eight cases of primary thymic epithelial neoplasms corresponding to seven thymomas and one thymic carcinoma with sebaceous differentiation are presented. The patients are five men and three women between the ages of 45 and 63years (average: 54years) who presented with non-specific symptomatology related to their mediastinal mass. All patients underwent complete surgical resection of the mediastinal mass. Read More

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December 2018

The lymph node status and histologic subtypes influenced the effect of postoperative radiotherapy on patients with N2 positive IIIA non-small cell lung cancer.

J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China.

Background And Objective: To investigate the role of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in IIIA-N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and subgroups which derived benefit from PORT.

Methods: A total of 576 patients with pathological IIIA-N2 NSCLC, who underwent complete resection, were identified. Propensity score matching (PSM) methods were used to balance the patients' characteristics between two groups. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical utility of plasma miR-371a-3p in germ cell tumors.

J Cell Mol Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Pathology, Laboratory for Experimental Patho-Oncology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Cancer Institute, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Germ cell tumours predominantly of the testis ((T)GCTs) are remarkably chemotherapy sensitive. However, a small proportion of patients fail to be cured with cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. miR-371a-3p is a new liquid biopsy biomarker for (T)GCTs. Read More

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December 2018

Complete remission of pure white cell aplasia associated with thymoma after thymectomy and cyclosporine administration.

Int J Hematol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Haematology, Atomic Bomb Disease and Hibakusha Medicine Unit, Atomic Disease Institute, Nagasaki University, 1-12-4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki, 852-8523, Japan.

We present the case of a 63-year-old male with pure white cell aplasia (PWCA), a rare complication of thymoma, who was successfully treated with cyclosporine A (CyA) and thymectomy. The patient presented with high fever and agranulocytosis. Complete blood count revealed a white blood cell count of 0. Read More

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December 2018

F-FDG PET/CT diagnostic performance in solitary and multiple pulmonary nodules detected in patients with previous cancer history: reports of 182 nodules.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Nuclear Medicine Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Largo Francesco Vito, 1, 00168, Roma, Italia.

Purpose: In oncological patients, F-FDG PET/CT performance for pulmonary nodules' characterization is not well-established. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the F-FDG PET/CT diagnostic performance in pulmonary nodules detected during follow-up in oncological patients and the relationship between malignancy and nodules' characteristics.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 182 pulmonary nodules (121 solitary, 61 multiple; mean size = 16. Read More

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December 2018

A symptomatic anterior mediastinal mass with a simultaneous infection.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 4;7(2):e00394. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery Taipei Veterans General Hospital Taipei Taiwan.

Surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for mature mediastinal teratoma, and the operation itself is sometimes complicated or life-threatening, especially when it ruptures into adjacent vital structures. We describe a rare case of unanticipatedly delayed complete resection of a symptomatic teratoma with simultaneous infection, followed by extended rupture into the pleural space, lung, and bronchus. The clinical presentation and the microbiological and radiologic features may lead to the impression of a lung abscess until it can be proven otherwise pathologically after an initial thoracic aspiration. Read More

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February 2019
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Unknown primary large-cell neuroendocrine tumor.

Autops Case Rep 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):e2018025. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

a Centro Hospitalar de São João, Medical Oncology Department. Porto, Portugal.

Large-cell neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are poorly differentiated malignancies of rare incidence and aggressive nature. NETs mostly arise in the lung followed by the gastrointestinal tract, although they are potentially ubiquitous throughout the body. Primary unknown NET has a worse prognosis and shorter survival comparing with other NETs, with limited available data in the literature concerning this subgroup. Read More

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Spontaneous rupture of thymoma.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 23;26:56-58. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Saint Francis Hospital, Evanston, IL, United States.

We report a case of patient who presented to the hospital due to shoulder pain and was later diagnosed with ruptured thymoma. Shortly after being admitted to the hospital for the work up patient developed respiratory distress and underwent emergent endotracheal intubation. CT scan of the chest showed anterior mediastinal mass with associated right sided hemothorax. Read More

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November 2018

A case of huge lymphatic and venous malformations of the mediastinum.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 22;26:53-55. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Iizuka Hospital, 3-83 Yoshiomachi, Iizuka, Fukuoka 820-0018, Japan.

We herein report a case of huge lymphatic and venous malformations of the mediastinum (LVM). A 19-year-old man presented for evaluation of a mediastinal mass. On chest computed tomography, the mass demonstrated contrast enhancement and showed dilated veins draining into the superior and inferior vena cava, with multiple scattered calcifications. Read More

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November 2018

Simultaneous presence of lung adenocarcinoma and malignant pleural mesothelioma: A case report.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 19;26:45-49. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Pathology, Kobe City Medical Center West Hospital, Japan.

The co-presence of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and lung cancer is rare. We report a 70-year-old male with exposure to asbestos. Chest computed tomography revealed a right mediastinal mass combined with an enlarged ipsilateral lymph node and left pleural effusion. Read More

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November 2018

Infectious and Noninfectious Acute Pericarditis in Children: An 11-Year Experience.

Int J Pediatr 2018 8;2018:5450697. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA.

Objective: The study was undertaken to determine the etiology, review management, and outcome in children diagnosed with acute pericarditis during 11 years at tertiary pediatric institution.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of children diagnosed between 2004 and 2014. Patients with postsurgical pericardial effusions were excluded. Read More

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November 2018

Tailored Management of Airway Abnormalities in Children with Congenital Single Functional Lung.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: Pediatric patients born with single functional lung can be associated with symptomatic airway abnormalities. Management of such patients is not only technically demanding but is also ethically challenging. This study reports our experience of managing symptomatic airway abnormalities in pediatric patients with congenital single functional lung. Read More

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October 2018

CT-guided Transthoracic Core-Needle Biopsies of Mediastinal and Lung Lesions in 235 Consecutive Patients: Factors Affecting the Risks of Complications and Occurrence of a Final Diagnosis of Malignancy.

Arch Bronconeumol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Hospital de Base, Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To assess the impact of patient-, lesion- and procedure-related factors on the risks of complications and final diagnosis of malignancy in PCNB of mediastinal and lung lesions.

Material And Methods: We studied a large single-center cohort of 235 consecutive patients (66.8% men; 58. Read More

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December 2018

Predictors for reactive thymic hyperplasia and its prognostic value in children and adolescents with lymphoma.

Eur J Radiol 2018 Dec 5;109:108-113. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China; Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Reactive thymic hyperplasia (RTH) is seen in children and adolescents receiving chemotherapy for various malignancies. However, it is not clear why this occurs only in some patients. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors for RTH in children and adolescents receiving chemotherapy for lymphoma and to determine the effect of RTH on prognosis. Read More

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December 2018
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Ultrasonographic characteristics of lymph nodes as predictors of malignancy during endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS): A systematic review.

Lung Cancer 2018 Dec 30;126:97-105. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4L8, Canada; Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University, 50 Charlton Avenue East, Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 4A6, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: The primary objective of this study is to systematically review all pertinent literature related to the use of ultrasonographic features to predict malignancy in mediastinal lymph nodes seen during endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) procedures.

Materials And Methods: Two independent reviewers completed the search and review (PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, and Cochrane databases) of the resulting titles and abstracts. Following full-text screening, thirteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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December 2018

Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the utility of suction and inner-stylet of EBUS-TBNA for mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy.

BMC Pulm Med 2018 Dec 7;18(1):192. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Ouhai District, Wenzhou, China.

Background: The optimal procedure for maximizing the diagnostic yield and minimizing the procedural complexity of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is controversial. We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to determine the optimal procedure of EBUS-TBNA for mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy, with a particular focus on the roles of the inner-stylet and suction.

Methods: Consecutive patients with enlarged mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs), detected by computed tomography (CT) or positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT), who underwent EBUS-TBNA were included. Read More

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December 2018

Robotic Resection of Ectopic Parathyroid Glands in the Superior Posterior Mediastinum.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center , Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Ectopic parathyroid glands can present in a challenging location in the superior posterior mediastinum.

Methods: Two patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were operated on for ectopic paraesophageal parathyroid glands in the superior posterior mediastinum. Sestamibi scan, computed tomography (CT) scan, and photon emission CT were used to identify the exact location of these glands. Read More

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December 2018
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Nonanemic extramedullary hematopoiesis in the posterior mediastinum.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 Dec 7:218492318818966. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Hospital 103, Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Extramedullary hematopoiesis is a rare condition characterized by the formation of blood cells outside the bone marrow. It is commonly seen in patients with hematopoietic disorders or chronic anemia. Here, we report the case of a 55-year-old patient who had extramedullary hematopoiesis that manifested as an asymptomatic posterior mediastinal mass. Read More

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December 2018

Loss of ARHGEF1 causes a human primary antibody deficiency.

J Clin Invest 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

ARHGEF1 is a RhoA-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor expressed in hematopoietic cells. We used whole-exome sequencing to identify compound heterozygous mutations in ARHGEF1, resulting in the loss of ARHGEF1 protein expression in two primary-antibody-deficient siblings presenting with recurrent severe respiratory tract infections and bronchiectasis. Both ARHGEF1-deficient patients showed an abnormal B cell immunophenotype, with a deficiency in marginal-zone and memory B cells and an increased frequency of transitional B cells. Read More

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December 2018

Functional Polymorphisms in Gene and Neuroblastoma Risk in Chinese Children.

J Cancer 2018 31;9(23):4521-4526. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Pathology, Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital, Hefei 230051, Anhui, China.

Neuroblastoma is a lethal tumor of the sympathetic nervous system. 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanine (8-OH-dG) formation is a common seen type of oxidative DNA damage, which could be repaired by human oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (hOGG1). To explore the contributing role of gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in neuroblastoma risk, we performed a case-control study by genotyping three SNPs (rs1052133 G>C, rs159153 T>C, rs293795 A>G) in gene. Read More

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October 2018

Mediastinal staging by videomediastinoscopy in clinical N1 non-small cell lung cancer.

Breathe (Sheff) 2018 Dec;14(4):342-344

10th Respiratory Medicine Dept, "Sotiria" Athens Chest Diseases Hospital, Athens, Greece.

http://ow.ly/42Wn30m78Zw. Read More

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December 2018

Long-term safety and activity of axicabtagene ciloleucel in refractory large B-cell lymphoma (ZUMA-1): a single-arm, multicentre, phase 1-2 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Axicabtagene ciloleucel is an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. In the previous analysis of the ZUMA-1 registrational study, with a median follow-up of 15·4 months (IQR 13·7-17·3), 89 (82%) of 108 assessable patients with refractory large B-cell lymphoma treated with axicabtagene ciloleucel achieved an objective response, and complete responses were noted in 63 (58%) patients. Here we report long-term activity and safety outcomes of the ZUMA-1 study. Read More

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November 2018
24.690 Impact Factor

Value of CT spectral imaging in the differential diagnosis of thymoma and mediastinal lymphoma.

Br J Radiol 2018 Dec 3:20180598. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Department of Radiology, Lanzhou University Second Hospital , Lanzhou , PR China.

Objective:: To investigate the imaging characteristics of thymoma and mediastinal lymphoma using spectral CT and evaluate whether the quantitative information can improve the differential diagnosis of these diseases.

Methods:: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Overall, 39 patients with mediastinal tumors (24 thymomas and 15 mediastinal lymphomas) were examined with CT spectral imaging during the arterial phase (AP) and venous phase (VP). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Non-intercostal access for video-assisted thoracic surgery-analysis of technical advantages and disadvantages.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 32):S3740-S3746

Radiation Therapy, Katowice Oncology Center, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has become an accepted method for the treatment of early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The standard VATS approach is an intercostal one which is often followed by postoperative pain due to injury of the intercostal nerve. The non-intercostal techniques of VATS include the subxiphoid, transcervical, transdiaphragmatic and transoral procedures. Read More

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November 2018

Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery Roman experience-a report of the first 16-month Roman experience.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3678-S3685

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A.Gemelli", Rome, Italy.

Background: The acceptance of uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (U-VATS) for thoracic procedures has been growing worldwide. This study reports one of the widest Italian U-VATS experiences.

Methods: The prospectively collected data of 237 patients underwent a U-VATS procedure, between May 2016 and September 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Lymph node upstaging for non-small cell lung cancer after uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3648-S3654

Competence Center of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Radical lymph node dissection (LND) plays a major role in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study presents the analysis of the results after uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) lymphadenectomy during anatomical lung resections for NSCLC, focusing on pathological nodal upstaging. Any possible risk factor affecting nodal upstaging was also investigated. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Management of broncholithiasis.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(Suppl 28):S3419-S3427

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

Broncholithiasis is a condition in which calcified material has entered the tracheobronchial tree, at times causing airway obstruction and inflammation. Broncholiths generally originate as calcified material in mediastinal lymph nodes that subsequently erode into adjacent airways, often as a result of prior granulomatous infection. Disease manifestations range from asymptomatic stones in the airway to life-threatening complications, including massive hemoptysis and post-obstructive pneumonia. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Conventional MRI to detect the differences between mass-like tuberculosis and lung cancer.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5673-5684

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Radiology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the imaging features of mass-like tuberculosis and lung cancer on conventional MR sequences to improve the diagnostic ability for pulmonary masses.

Methods: Thirty patients with suspicious pulmonary lesions were enrolled and diagnosed with tuberculosis by pathology or comprehensive clinical diagnoses. Twenty-six cases of lung cancer were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Unusual Case of Plastic Bronchitis Presenting with Pneumopericardium.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;19:1434-1436. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Rochester Hills, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND Lymphatic circulation in the thorax enters the systemic blood flow at the subclavian vein. Instances where diversion occurs leads to complications such as pleural effusion. A rare complication of lymphatic diversion results in fluid accumulation in the bronchial tree, causing plastic bronchitis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Anterior mediastinal masses - A multidisciplinary pathway for safe diagnostic procedures.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, St Georges Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study was to report our multidisciplinary diagnostic approach for patients with anterior mediastinal masses (AMM).

Methods: A retrospective review of patients with AMM at a tertiary pediatric surgical oncology centre (January 2011-December 2016) was performed. We analyzed data on clinical presentation, mode of tissue diagnosis, anesthetic techniques, and complications. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Successful Treatment of a Late Diagnosed Esophageal Perforation with Mediastinitis and Pericardial Abscess.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Dec;28(12):972-973

Department of Cardiovascular, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.

We herein report a case of late diagnosed thoracic esophageal perforation. A 60-year-old man was diagnosed as an esophageal perforation with mediastinitis and pericardial abscess by detailed history taking, chest computed tomography, esophagoscopy and inflammatory findings in his blood test. Surgical drainage of mediastinum and pericardium was able to effectively control infectious process and pericardial fibrosis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

99mTc-MIBI Uptake in a Benign Thymic Cyst.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pathology, Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY.

A 34-year-old man with end-stage renal failure status post rejection of a deceased donor kidney transplant presented with bone pain in the setting of elevated serum parathyroid hormone and calcium levels. A Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT was performed before planned subtotal parathyroidectomy. SPECT/CT imaging revealed a 1. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Increased 99mTc Pertechnetate Uptake But Unimpressive 131I Activity in the Metastatic Mediastinal Lymph Nodes in a Thyroid Cancer Patient.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Zigong First People's Hospital, Zigong, China.

False negative I accumulation in metastatic lesions of thyroid carcinoma could be due to various etiologies. Here we present a 33-year-old woman with a history of papillary thyroid cancer who had increased Tc pertechnetate activity in the mediastinal metastatic lymph nodes, which was not clearly seen on whole body I scan due to adjacent activity from lung metastases. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Esophageal cancer with severe funnel chest treated by simultaneous funnel chest surgery and thoracoscopic esophagectomy: a case report.

BMC Cancer 2018 Dec 4;18(1):1212. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1, Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Funnel chest is the most common chest deformity, occurring in 0.06-0.3% of the general population. Read More

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December 2018

Mediastinal teratoma presenting with hemoptysis and pleuritis misdiagnosed as tuberculosis (empyema).

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 4;18(1):382. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital, National Center for Children's Health, Capital Medical University, Nanlishi Road 56, Xicheng District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Mediastinal teratoma is uncommon in children. It can be very difficult to diagnose especially in early stage. Rarely, teratoma may rupture into adjacent structures and lead to lung lesions or pleuritis. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Localized pancreatic Castleman disease presenting with extrahepatic dilatation of bile ducts: A case report and review of published cases.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 20;54:28-33. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Av. José de Sá Maniçoba, S/N - Centro, CEP: 56304-917, Petrolina, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Castleman disease (CD) is a rare polyclonal lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology, which usually develops in the mediastinum. It can also occur in the cervical, retroperitoneal and axillary regions. Localized pancreatic CD is quite rare [1]. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads