734 results match your criteria Medial Collateral and Lateral Collateral Ligament Injury


Results of arthroscopically assisted reduction and fixation of antero-medial coronoid facet fractures at short term follow-up.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Osteoarticular Department, Orthopaedic and Traumatology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera of Faenza, RA, Italy.

Background: Varus posteromedial rotatory instability is a typical pattern of elbow injury that involves fracture of the anteromedial facet (AMF) of the coronoid as well as injuries to the lateral ligament complex and the posterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament. Some Authors support the idea that subtype-2 AMF coronoid fractures require fixation to restore elbow stability, but this topic is still an issue in literature. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic-assisted reduction and fixation (ARIF) for AMF fractures. Read More

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Treatment of Medial Collateral Ligament Injury During Total Knee Arthroplasty With Internal Suture Brace Augmentation: A Cadaveric and Biomechanical Study.

Orthopedics 2022 Apr 29:1-7. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Intraoperative medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a serious complication. External bracing and/or conversion to a constrained implant has previously been studied. The technique of using an internal high-strength suture brace to augment an MCL repair has been evaluated in the nonarthroplasty patient and could provide an alternate solution. Read More

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Is Repair of a Small Coronoid Fracture Required in the Surgical Treatment of Terrible Triad Injury of the Elbow?

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2022 Apr 31;27(2):345-351. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City General Hospital, Japan.

Multiple treatment protocols have been described in literature for the treatment of terrible triad injury (TTI) of the elbow. We believe that repair of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) should be performed in preference to repair of a small coronoid fracture if the elbow is unstable after fixation/replacement of the radial head and repair of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL). The aim of this study is to report the outcomes of surgical treatment of patients with TTI associated with a small coronoid fracture in whom the coronoid fracture was not addressed. Read More

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Bone marrow edema of the medioplantar talar head is associated with severe ligamentous injury in ankle sprain.

Skeletal Radiol 2022 Mar 31. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Radiology, Balgrist University Hospital, Forchstrasse 340, CH-8008, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: To investigate the predictive value of talar head edema (THE) in acute ankle sprain for the presence of concomitant ligament injuries.

Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the ethics committee and informed consent was obtained. One hundred patients (mean age: 37 years ± 14 [standard deviation], range 13-77 years) with MRI of the ankle after acute trauma were included. Read More

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Effects of Leg Length, Sex, Laterality, and the Intermediate Femoral Cutaneous Nerve on Infrapatellar Innervation.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Mar 24;10(3):23259671221085272. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Anatomy, Kansas City University, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.

Background: An iatrogenic injury to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IPBSN) is a common precipitant of postoperative knee pain and hypoesthesia.

Purpose: To locate potential safe zones for incision by observing the patterns and pathway of the IPBSN while examining the relationship of its location to sex, laterality, and leg length.

Study Design: Descriptive laboratory study. Read More

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Is It Necessary To Add Soft Tissue Injury to the Classification in Tibial Plateau Fracture Management?

Cureus 2022 Feb 15;14(2):e22236. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Izmir Katip Celebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, TUR.

Background A gold standard classification for the treatment of tibial plateau fractures with soft tissue injury has not been established yet.This study aimed to evaluate the usability of a novel modified classification that can provide preoperative information to the surgeon about soft tissue injuries in tibial plateau fractures. Methodology A total of 36 patients with tibial plateau fractures were included in the study. Read More

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February 2022

Assessment of knee collateral ligament stiffness by strain ultrasound elastography.

Biomed Mater Eng 2022 Mar 1. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Graduate School of Health Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan.

Background: Knowledge of the biomechanics of the normal collateral ligaments is important to secure optimal stability of the knee following injury. Various in vitro methods have been described in evaluating the biomechanics of these ligaments. However, a method of direct evaluation has not been reported. Read More

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Current concepts on management of medial and posteromedial knee injuries.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2022 Apr 18;27:101807. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Sports Injury and Arthroscopy Division, Orthopaedics, Kasturba medical college, Manipal, Manipal academy of Higher education, Manipal, India.

Traditionally, while managing ligament injuries around the knee, medial side injuries are frequently overlooked or considered '' with very little influence on overall knee stability outcomes. However, much has changed in the recent past, and like the lateral side of the knee, it is gaining considerable attention. It is now well known that the Medial collateral ligament and Posteromedial corner are fundamentally two distinct structures that differ in anatomy and biomechanics. Read More

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Diagnostic value of the lateral femoral notch sign and kissing contusion in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injuries: a case-control study.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 Mar 1. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Introduction: The lateral femoral notch sign (LFNS) and the kissing contusion (KC) are two indirect signs of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. They can be used to diagnose ACL injuries.

Materials And Methods: A total of 1000 patients were enrolled in this study, including 500 patients with ACL injuries who assigned to experimental group and 500 patients with meniscal tear (MT) who allocated to control group. Read More

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Overhead arm positioning in the rehabilitation of elbow dislocations: An in vitro biomechanical study.

J Hand Ther 2022 Feb 24. Epub 2022 Feb 24.

Roth-McFarlane Hand & Upper Limb Centre, St. Joseph's Health Care, London, Ontario, Canada; Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Study Design: In vitro biomechanical study.

Introduction: Elbow stiffness is a common complication following elbow dislocation. Overhead exercises have been proposed to initiate early motion to reduce stiffness through employing gravity to stabilize the elbow. Read More

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February 2022

[Clinical treatment of dorsal avulsion fracture of the capitellum combined with medial or posterior medial dislocation of the elbow joint].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Feb;36(2):149-154

Department of Orthopedics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha Hunan, 410008, P. R. China.

Objective: To analyze the possible injury mechanisms in patients with dorsal avulsion fracture of the capitellum combined with medial or posterior medial dislocation of the elbow joint, and to discuss their treatment and prognosis.

Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 4 patients with dorsal avulsion fracture of the capitellum combined with medial or posterior medial dislocation of the elbow joint admitted between September 2014 and September 2020, including 3 males and 1 female with an average age of 20.7 years (range, 13-32 years). Read More

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February 2022

A Balanced Arthroscopic Debridement of the Inner Layer of the Knee Retinaculum Increases the Tibiofemoral Joint Space Width.

Adv Orthop 2022 29;2022:1766401. Epub 2022 Jan 29.

Centro de Innovación, Clínica MEDS, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Traditional techniques can enlarge the medial tibiofemoral joint space width (JSW) for meniscal repairs, but a remnant ligament laxity may be developed. Alternatively, the debridement of the inner retinaculum layer may result in a balanced JSW without causing extra-ligament damage (retinaculum layers II and collateral ligament).

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a concentric arthroscopic debridement of the inner retinaculum layer increases the tibiofemoral JSW in patients with meniscal injuries. Read More

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January 2022

Post-Traumatic Hallux Valgus: A Modified Surgical Technique.

Arthrosc Tech 2022 Jan 20;11(1):e37-e42. Epub 2021 Dec 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A.

Post-traumatic hallux valgus, a turf toe variant, is a rare, yet limiting injury. According to the literature, the deformity has been associated with acute medial collateral ligament tears, turf toe variant injuries, Lisfranc injury patterns, and first metatarsal fractures. There have been few documented cases of post-traumatic hallux valgus secondary to medial collateral ligament tears, and the treatment has been variable. Read More

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January 2022

The accuracy of MRI in diagnosing and classifying acute traumatic multiple ligament knee injuries.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jan 13;23(1):43. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Spinal Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, No. of 804, Shengli Street, Yinchuan, 750004, China.

Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used for the evaluation of knee injuries, however, the accuracy of MRI in classifying multiple ligament knee injuries (MLKIs) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the accuracy of MRI in diagnosing and classifying acute traumatic MLKIs, we hypothesize that MRI had high accuracy in detecting and classifying MLKIs.

Methods: The clinical data of 97 patients who were diagnosed with acute traumatic MLKIs and managed by multi-ligament reconstruction between 2012 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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January 2022

[Effect of needle knife on mTOR/Atg/ULK1/Beclin-1 axis and chondrocyte autophagy in rats with knee osteoarthritis].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2022 Jan;42(1):59-65

Department of Needle-Knife Rehabilitation, Third Clinical Medical College of Anhui University of CM, Hefei 230031.

Objective: To observe the effect of needle knife on chondrocyte autophagy and expressions of autophagy-related protein and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in rats with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore the possible mechanism of needle knife for KOA.

Methods: A total of 42 SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group and a needle knife group, 14 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, the other two groups were injected with the mixture of papain and L-cysteine into the left hind knee joint to establish the KOA model. Read More

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January 2022

[Prevalence of injury of the medial collateral ligament of the knee assessed by magnetic resonance].

Acta Ortop Mex 2021 May-Jun;35(3):271-275

Clínica del Dolor Hospital Ángeles México. México.

Introduction: The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the main stabilizers of the knee, but its injury occurs in conjunction with other ligaments.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of MCL lesions by magnetic resonance imaging, their degrees and associated lesions in our institution.

Material And Methods: Retrospective study from January to April 2018 where KNEE MRIs were evaluated where the MCL lesion was presented to evaluate the degree and type of associated injuries. Read More

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December 2021

[Six pitfalls around the ankle sprains].

Rev Med Suisse 2021 Dec;17(763):2180-2186

Service d'orthopédie et de traumatologie de l'appareil locomoteur, Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois et Université de Lausanne, 1011 Lausanne.

Ankle sprains are frequently encountered. They result most of the time in lesions of the lateral ligament complex. Nevertheless, in the context of an ankle sprains, more severe injuries including fracture of the lateral process of the talus, fracture of the base of the 5th metatarsal, tear of the medial ligament complex, lesion of the syndesmosis, sprain of the Chopart joint, and peroneal tendons luxation are potentially overlooked and, if treated inadequately, may be associated with poor functional outcome. Read More

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December 2021

Meniscal Tears, Posterolateral and Posteromedial Corner Injuries, Increased Coronal Plane, and Increased Sagittal Plane Tibial Slope All Influence Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Related Knee Kinematics and Increase Forces on the Native and Reconstructed Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A Systematic Review of Cadaveric Studies.

Arthroscopy 2022 May 7;38(5):1664-1688.e1. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Twin Cities Orthopedics, Edina, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Purpose: To obtain a comprehensive list of pathologies that cause increased anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) forces and pathologic knee kinematics to evaluate for in both primary and revision ACL reconstruction to decrease the risk of subsequent graft overload.

Methods: An electronic search was performed in the Embase and MEDLINE databases for the period between January 1, 1990, and December 10, 2020. All articles investigating medial and lateral meniscal injury, (postero)lateral corner injury, (postero)medial corner/medial collateral ligament injury, valgus alignment, varus alignment, and tibial slope in relation to ACL (graft) force and knee kinematics were included. Read More

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Medial patellofemoral ligament MRI abnormalities in the setting of MCL injuries: are they clinically relevant?

Skeletal Radiol 2022 Jul 7;51(7):1381-1389. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: To assess MRI abnormalities of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) in patients with clinically and MRI-proven superficial medial collateral ligament (sMCL) injuries and determine the clinical significance.

Materials And Methods: High-field strength knee MRI examinations were selected which demonstrated sMCL injuries. These cases were retrospectively reviewed for the presence, location, and severity of MPFL abnormality. Read More

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Three Main Mechanisms Characterize Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries in Professional Male Soccer-Blow to the Knee, Contact to the Leg or Foot, and Sliding: Video Analysis of 37 Consecutive Injuries.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2021 Dec 16;51(12):611-618. Epub 2021 Nov 16.

Objective: To describe the mechanisms, situational patterns, and biomechanics (kinematics) of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries in professional male soccer players.

Design: Case series.

Methods: Fifty-seven consecutive MCL injuries across 2 seasons of professional soccer matches were identified. Read More

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December 2021

Feasibility of Electromagnetic Knee Imaging Verified on Ex-Vivo Pig Knees.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2022 05 21;69(5):1651-1662. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Objective: The potential of electromagnetic knee imaging system verified on ex-vivo pig knee joint as an essential step before clinical trials is demonstrated. The system, which includes an antenna array of eight printed biconical elements operating at the band 0.7-2. Read More

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Editorial Commentary: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament May Be Safer Wearing a Suture Tape Augmentation Seat Belt: Click It or Ticket.

Arthroscopy 2021 11;37(11):3344-3346

Rush University Medical Center.

Bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has the most data to support its use. However, there may still be room for improvement, and younger age, insufficient rehabilitation, altered neuromuscular patterns, and precocious return to play can increase risk of graft failure. High strength suture augmentation of soft-tissue repair or reconstruction has gained traction in a variety of applications for the knee, including medial collateral and posteromedial corner, lateral collateral ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, and ACL. Read More

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November 2021

Elbow Instability.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021 Aug 27;25(4):574-579. Epub 2021 Oct 27.

Department of Radiology, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

The stability of the elbow is based on a combination of primary (static) and secondary stabilizers (dynamic). In varus stress, the bony structures and the lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL) are the primary stabilizers, and in valgus stress, the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) is the primary stabilizer. The flexor and extensor tendons crossing the elbow joint act as secondary stabilizers. Read More

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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Computed topography (CT) analysis of Schatzker type IV tibial plateau fracture revealed possible mechanisms of injury beyond varus deforming force.

Injury 2022 Feb 1;53(2):683-690. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Trauma, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Jiangsu, China; First Affiliating Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, China. Electronic address:

Background: Schatzker type IV tibial plateau fractures (type IV TPFs) are known for complex fracture morphology and high frequency of knee subluxation. Varus deforming force has been believed to be the cause but which fails to explain the lateral tibial plateau comminution and the lateral femoral condyle bone edema observed on injury MRI. The purpose of this study is to further explore the mechanisms of injury of type IV TPFs by synthetically analysing the information obtained from MRI and CT of a cohort of patients. Read More

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February 2022

Fixation of Displaced Medial Epicondylar Fractures in Adolescents.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2021 Jul-Sep;11(3). Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Shriners Hospitals for Children-Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Fractures of the medial epicondyle are often a marker of injury of the medial collateral ligament complex of the elbow, regardless of displacement. The medial epicondyle serves as the origin for the flexor/pronator mass superficially and the medial collateral ligament near the base. These fractures occur most commonly through the apophysis at the base of the epicondyle, making differentiation of muscular versus ligamentous avulsion difficult. Read More

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[Arthroscopic classification and management for the popliteal hiatus of the lateral meniscus tears].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Oct;53(5):891-895

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Xiamen University Affiliated Southeast Hospital, Zhangzhou 363000, Fujian, China.

Objective: To bring forward an arthroscopic classification of the popliteal hiatus of the lateral meniscus (PHLM) tears and to assess the effects of arthroscopic all-inside repair with suture hook in management of such injuries.

Methods: This study involved 146 patients who underwent arthroscopic operation because of PHLM tears from April 2014 to October 2017, eliminating the patients who had discoid lateral meniscus. There were 81 males and 65 females, with 54 left knees and 92 right knees. Read More

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October 2021

[Finite element analysis of the graft stresses after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Oct;53(5):865-870

Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital; Institute of Sports Medicine of Peking University; Beijing Key Laboratory of Sports Injuries, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To explore the stress distribution characteristics of the graft after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, so as to provide theoretical reference for the surgical plan of ACL reconstruction.

Methods: Based on 3D MRI and CT images, finite element models of the uninjured knee joint and knee joint after ACL reconstruction were established in this study. The uninjured knee model included femur, tibia, fibula, medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament, ACL and posterior cruciate ligament. Read More

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October 2021

Traumatic Lateral Knee Dislocation of a Well-Functioning Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Case of Medial Collateral Ligament Rupture.

Arthroplast Today 2021 Oct 30;11:168-172. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Willis-Knighton Health System, Shreveport, LA, USA.

Tibiofemoral dislocation can be a devastating complication after total knee arthroplasty. Much of the literature on tibiofemoral dislocations state they result from iatrogenic causes, with a very limited number of case reports on traumatic dislocation. Most of the time, these cases will require surgical revision and increased constraint to treat the inherent instability. Read More

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October 2021

The association of bone bruising and grade of MCL injury in patients sustaining isolated MCL injuries.

Skeletal Radiol 2022 May 10;51(5):1073-1080. Epub 2021 Oct 10.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust, 369 Fulham Road, London, SW10 9NH, Chelsea, UK.

Objectives: To investigate the incidence of bone bruising with isolated medial collateral ligament injury and to assess whether the presence of bone bruising is related to the injury grade.

Materials And Methods: Patients who sustained an acute isolated medial collateral ligament injury demonstrated on knee MRI between 2016 and 2020 were included in this study. Patient's characteristics and injury classification (clinical and radiological) were reviewed from clinical notes and imaging. Read More

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Good Surgical Outcomes After Concomitant Repair of Double Radial Tears of the Lateral Meniscus and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2021 Aug 28;3(4):e989-e996. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Purpose: To describe double radial tears of the lateral meniscus (LM), report early clinical treatment outcomes, and determine reoperation and failure rates.

Methods: Twenty-one (N = 21) consecutive cases of arthroscopic-treated lateral meniscus double radial tears treated between 2012 and 2018 were reviewed, including 15 males (71.4%) and 6 females (28. Read More

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