128,201 results match your criteria Medial Collateral Knee Ligament Injury


Intra-articular Steroids vs Saline for Lumbar Z-Joint Pain: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Pain Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Objective: To determine if intra-articular (IA) injection of corticosteroids is effective in reducing the need for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in those with dual comparative medial branch block (MBB)-confirmed lumbar z-joint pain.

Design: This was a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study.

Setting: Two academic medical centers. Read More

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December 2018
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Characterization of Brain Signatures to Add Precision to Self-Management Health Information Interventions.

Nurs Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Edward J. and Louise Mellen Professor of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH Marvin E. and Ruth Durr Denekas Professor of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH PhD Student, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH Professor, Kent State University, Kent, OH Assistant Professor, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH Assistant Professor, Chief Diversity Officer, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

Background: Although many of the proposed mediating processes of self-management interventions are operationally defined as cognitive processes (e.g., acquiring and using information, self-efficacy, motivation, decision-making), little is known about their underlying brain mechanisms. Read More

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December 2018

A Quartet of Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nails for More Challenging Pediatric Femur Fractures.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Jan;39(1):e12-e17

Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.

Introduction: The insertion of 2 elastic stable intramedullary nails (ESINs) is a common treatment for pediatric femur fractures. However, the use of this technique in length-unstable or metadiaphyseal fractures has historically been associated with higher complication rates. To improve stability, the addition of a third ESIN has been assessed biomechanically and clinically, but the addition of a fourth nail has only been evaluated biomechanically. Read More

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January 2019

No difference in outcomes in a matched cohort of operative versus nonoperatively treated displaced medial epicondyle fractures.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Colorado.

The purpose of our study was to compare the treatment outcomes and complications between operatively and nonoperatively treated displaced medial epicondyle fractures. Pediatric patients treated for an acute, displaced medial epicondyle fracture between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 22 operative participants were matched to 22 nonoperative participants, with an average displacement of 9. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Surgical Algorithmic Approach to Facilitate Primary Closure of the Anterolateral Thigh Flap Donor Site in Head and Neck Reconstruction.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chiayi Christian Hospital, Chiayi City, Taiwan.

Background: Use of the anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap has gained popularity in head and neck reconstruction. However, donor sites that cannot achieve primary closure are reported to have poorer functional and aesthetic outcomes. Therefore, we propose an algorithm to facilitate primary closure of the donor site. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Anatomical Risk Factors of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):2960-2967

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215004, China.

Background: Nowadays, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has been one of the most common diseases of the knee joint. The relationships between the ACL injury and the anatomical structures are still controversial. This study aimed to identify the anatomical risk factors of ACL injury by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Frontal hypoactivation and alterations in the reward-system during humor processing in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 30;202:149-157. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, Rudolf-Bultmann-Straße 8, 35039 Marburg, Germany.

Humor is a ubiquitous human ability with important implications for both social and emotional functioning. Patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, experience difficulties in the comprehension and appreciation of humor. However, the specific neural mechanisms underlying these deficits are unknown. Read More

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December 2018

High short-term return to sports rate despite an ongoing healing process after acute meniscus repair in young athletes.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technical University Munich, Ismaningerstr. 22, 81675, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: Acute meniscus repair in young athletes is always a challenge due to the long rehabilitation process and time to return to sport (RTS). The purpose was to investigate signal alterations in short-term follow-up after acute meniscus repair on specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan sequences. It was hypothesized that (1) MRI signal changes over the first postoperative healing phase and represent a continuous healing process and (2) meniscus healing properties correlates with clinical outcomes and RTS. Read More

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December 2018

Large opening gaps, unstable hinge fractures, and osteotomy line below the safe zone cause delayed bone healing after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hokuriku Hospital, 2-13-43 Izumigaoka, Kanazawa, 921-8035, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate bone formation in the osteotomy gap after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), including after plate removal, and to investigate risk factors for delayed bone healing.

Methods: Ninety-three patients (102 knees) who underwent OWHTO without bone grafting were enrolled. The osteotomy gap was divided into the lateral hinge and the four zones on anteroposterior radiographs, and we defined the zone in which trabecular bone continuity could be observed as gap filling. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of age-related differences in anterior cruciate ligament size.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to reveal the relation between age and the morphological characteristics of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods: Thirty-seven young subjects who were diagnosed with a meniscus injury without ACL tear using MRI (15 male and 22 female, median age 26, range 15-49), and 33 elderly subjects for whom knee MRI was performed before uni-compartmental knee arthroplasty (11 male and 22 female, median age 77, range 60-83), were included in this study. In the elderly group, healthy ACL gross morphology was confirmed macroscopically during surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Neuronal nitric oxide synthase activity mediates Lycium barbarum polysaccharides-enhanced sexual performance without stimulating noncontact erection in rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Hung Kuang University, No. 1018, Sec. 6, Taiwan Boulevard, Shalu District, Taichung, 43302, Taiwan.

Rationale: Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is known to promote reproductive functions. However, its role in noncontact erection (NCE) of penis initiated by brain regions including medial preoptic area (MPOA) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) regions responsible for sexual behavior has not been investigated.

Objectives: Therefore, this study initially investigated the effects of LBP on male sexual function, and subsequently, the mechanistic insight was investigated through assessing the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the MPOA and PVN. Read More

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December 2018

A unique case of an accessory sartorius muscle.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anatomy, Keimyung University School of Medicine, 1095 Dalgubeol-daero, Daegu, 704-701, Republic of Korea.

The sartorius muscle (SM) is a long strap muscle originating from the anterior superior iliac spine and inserting onto the medial surface of the proximal tibia. It crosses the anterior compartment of the thigh obliquely and descends towards the medial aspect of the knee. We found an accessory sartorius muscle (ASM) from the inguinal ligament and an original SM bifurcated into medial and lateral heads. Read More

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December 2018

The radioanatomical assessment of the Körner's septum.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, The Medical University of Warsaw, 59 Nowogrodzka St, 02006, Warsaw, Poland.

Purpose Of The Study: Körner's septum (KS) is a developmental remnant formed at the junction of mastoid and temporal squama, representing the persistence of the petrosquamosal suture. During mastoid surgery, it could be taken as a false medial wall of the antrum so that the deeper cells might not be explored. The aim of the study was to assess a Körner's septum prevalence and to analyze its topography. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of Static Stretching with Superficial Cooling on Muscle Stiffness.

Sports Med Int Open 2018 Sep 25;2(5):E142-E147. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Physical Therapy, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan.

This study aimed to clarify the acute effect of static stretching (SS) with superficial cooling on dorsiflexion range of motion (DF ROM) and muscle stiffness. Sixteen healthy males participated in the cooling condition and a control condition in a random order. The DF ROM and the shear elastic modulus of medial gastrocnemius (MG) in the dominant leg were measured during passive dorsiflexion. Read More

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September 2018

The Effect of Periarticular Injection of Methylprednisolone Acetate in Patients with Primary Osteoarthritis of the Proximal Interphalangeal Joints: A Case Controlled Study.

Pain Res Treat 2018 14;2018:7561209. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Orthopedics, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Backgrounds: Primary osteoarthritis of the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIPJ) is a common entity. It could be associated with local pain that has no effective treatment. Local subcutaneous periarticular injection of methylprednisolone acetate (MPA) was evaluated in a prospective case-control study. Read More

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November 2018

Zhuang Gu Guan Jie Wan: Reasonable Application Can Alleviate the Liver Injury for Osteoarthritis Treatment.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 12;2018:6716529. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

The potential toxicity of herbal drugs, particularly drug-induced liver injury (DILI), has received extensive attention as the use of Chinese herbal medicine has rapidly increased globally. As a classic Chinese patent medicine, Zhuang Gu Guan Jie Wan (ZGGJW) has been brought into focus recently because of its satisfactory therapeutic effects on osteoarthritis (OA) as well as its unanticipated side effects. This study aimed to decipher the puzzling phenomenon of liver injury developing in response to ZGGJW that varies by the subtype of OA. Read More

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November 2018

Disrupted Balance of Long- and Short-Range Functional Connectivity Density in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Resting-State fMRI Study.

Front Neurosci 2018 27;12:875. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Radiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China.

Previous studies have shown that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can accelerate the rate of cognitive decline in patients. As an organ with high energy consumption, the brain network balances between lower energy consumption and higher information transmission efficiency. However, T2DM may modify the proportion of short- and long-range connections to adapt to the inadequate energy supply and to respond to various cognitive tasks under the energy pressure caused by homeostasis alterations in brain glucose metabolism. Read More

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November 2018

T2-relaxation mapping and fat fraction assessment to objectively quantify clinical activity in thyroid eye disease: an initial feasibility study.

Eye (Lond) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.

Imaging in thyroid eye disease (TED) is used to exclude other diagnoses, assess for apical crowding and plan surgery. But to quantify TED activity objectively, subjective clinical scoring assessments remain the norm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-relaxation times correlate with extra-ocular muscle (EOM) inflammation, but are confounded by signal from fat. Read More

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December 2018

New roles of NO TRANSMITTING TRACT and SEEDSTICK during medial domain development in Arabidopsis fruits.

Development 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Unidad de Genómica Avanzada (LANGEBIO), Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), Irapuato 36824, Guanajuato, México

The gynoecium, the female reproductive part of the flower, is key for plant sexual reproduction. During its development, inner tissues such as the septum and the transmitting tract tissue, important for pollen germination and guidance, are formed. In Arabidopsis, several transcription factors are known to be involved in the development of these tissues. Read More

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December 2018

MR approaches in neurodegenerative disorders.

Authors:
Andrew M Blamire

Prog Nucl Magn Reson Spectrosc 2018 Oct 3;108:1-16. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Institute of Cellular Medicine and Centre for In Vivo Imaging, Newcastle University, UK. Electronic address:

Neurodegenerative disease is the umbrella term which refers to a range of clinical conditions causing degeneration of neurons within the central nervous system leading to loss of brain function and eventual death. The most prevalent of these is Alzheimer's disease (AD), which affects approximately 50 million people worldwide and is predicted to reach 75 million by 2030. Neurodegenerative diseases can only be fully diagnosed at post mortem by neuropathological assessment of the type and distribution of protein deposits which characterise each different condition, but there is a clear role for imaging technologies in aiding patient diagnoses in life. Read More

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October 2018

Patient-specific design process and evaluation of a hip prosthesis femoral stem.

Int J Artif Organs 2018 Dec 11:391398818815479. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

5 Department of Mechanical and Control Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction:: There are several commercially available hip implant systems. However, for some cases, custom implant designed based on patient-specific anatomy can offer the patient the best available implant solution. Currently, there is a growing trend toward personalization of medical implants involving additive manufacturing into orthopedic medical implants' manufacturing. Read More

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December 2018

Reverse remodeling of pulmonary arteries by high-dose prostaglandin I therapy: A case report.

J Cardiol Cases 2014 May 2;9(5):173-176. Epub 2014 Feb 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is characterized by pulmonary vascular remodeling. We have reported that high-dose prostaglandin I (PGI) therapy markedly improved hemodynamics in IPAH patients and that PGI induced apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells obtained from IPAH patients. PGI is thought to have reverse remodeling effects, although it has not been histologically confirmed. Read More

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Pathological findings of late stent thrombosis after paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation for superficial femoral artery disease.

J Cardiol Cases 2015 Feb 4;11(2):39-41. Epub 2014 Nov 4.

Department of Vascular Surgeon, Kokura Memorial Hospital, Japan.

A 76-year-old man presented with right critical limb ischemia. An angiography revealed right SFA occlusion. Therefore, two paclitaxel-eluting stents (Zilver PTXs 6. Read More

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February 2015

The usefulness of an intravascular ultrasound in the diagnosis of left main coronary artery dissection.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Jun 3;5(3):e133-e136. Epub 2012 Apr 3.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Integrated Medicine I, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Acute type A aortic dissection occasionally involves coronary orifice which may lead to fatal myocardial infarction. We present a case with acute type A aortic dissection developing transient hemodynamic collapsing despite emergent surgical ascending aortic repair. Electrocardiogram after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation suggested myocardial ischemia. Read More

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Medial amygdala Kiss1 neurons mediate female pheromone stimulation of LH in male mice.

Neuroendocrinology 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.


Background/Aims: The medial amygdala (MeA) responds to olfactory stimuli and alters reproductive physiology. However, the neuronal circuit that relays signals from the MeA to the reproductive axis remains poorly defined. This study aimed to test whether MeA kisspeptin (MeAKiss) neurons in male mice are sensitive to sexually relevant olfactory stimuli and transmit signals to alter reproductive physiology. Read More

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December 2018

Sex differences in the temporal neuromolecular and synaptogenic effects of the rapid-acting antidepressant drug ketamine in the mouse brain.

Neuroscience 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Biology & Center for Tissue Regeneration and Engineering at Dayton (TREND), University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio, USA. Electronic address:

Preclinical evidence suggests that ketamine's rapid and sustained antidepressant actions are due to the induction of synaptogenesis in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and the hippocampus (HIPP), two brain regions implicated in the pathophysiology of major depression. However, research on the neurobiological effects of ketamine has focused almost exclusively on males. Findings from our group and others indicate that female rodents are more reactive to ketamine's antidepressant effects, since they respond to lower doses in antidepressant-predictive behavioral models. Read More

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December 2018

Volume change in infrapatellar fat pad is associated not with obesity but with cartilage degeneration.

J Orthop Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of General Medical Services, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.

Infrapatellar fat pad has been implicated in knee osteoarthritis. We examined whether infrapatellar fat pad volume is associated with quantitative cartilage changes using magnetic resonance imaging T1ρ mapping. Fifty-eight knees of knee pain patients (19 men, 39 women, mean age 57. Read More

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December 2018

A chemogenetic approach for treating experimental Parkinson's disease.

Mov Disord 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

The Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Background: PD is a common neurodegenerative disease primarily affecting the cortico-basal ganglia loop.

Objective: To investigate whether chemogenetic-mediated neuromodulation of various nuclei and pathways can counterbalance basal ganglia network abnormalities and improve motor disability in experimental PD.

Methods: Experimental PD was induced by stereotactic injection of 6-OHDA to the medial forebrain bundle. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Bilateral projections to the thalamus from individual neurons in the inferior colliculus.

J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio, USA.

The medial geniculate body (MG) receives a large input from the ipsilateral inferior colliculus (IC) and a smaller but substantial input from the contralateral IC. Both crossed and uncrossed inputs comprise a large percentage of glutamatergic cells and a smaller percentage of GABAergic cells. We used double labeling with fluorescent retrograde tracers to identify individual IC cells that project bilaterally to the MGs in adult guinea pigs. Read More

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December 2018
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Recurrence of periocular basal and squamous cell carcinoma after Mohs Micrographic Surgery: a retrospective cohort study.

Br J Dermatol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of dermatology, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Despite the widespread use of Mohs Micrographic Surgery (MMS) for periocular basal and squamous cell carcinoma (together called keratinocyte carcinoma (KC)), follow-up data regarding recurrences are limited.

Objectives: To investigate the recurrence rate for periocular KCs after MMS and describe experience with interdisciplinary collaborations.

Methods: Patients with periocular KCs treated with MMS between 2006 and 2016 in a tertiary MMS referral hospital were included in this retrospective cohort study. Read More

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December 2018

Nucleus accumbens dopamine increases sexual motivation in sexually satiated male rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Departamento de Farmacobiologia, Cinvestav Sede Sur, Calzada de los Tenorios 235, Col. Granjas Coapa, Ciudad de México, 14330, México.

Rationale: The influence of the main dopaminergic brain regions controlling copulation, the medial preoptic area (mPOA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), on male rat sexual behavior expression has not been fully established.

Objective: This work analyzes the sexual effects of dopamine (DA) receptor activation in the mPOA or the NAcc of sexually active male rats, with an intact (sexually experienced) or a reduced (sexually exhausted) sexual motivation.

Methods: The non-specific DA receptor agonist apomorphine and the D2-like receptor agonist quinpirole were infused into the mPOA or the NAcc of sexually experienced or sexually exhausted male rats and their sexual behavior recorded. Read More

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December 2018

[Patellofemoral instability in children and adolescents].

Unfallchirurg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

AUVA Traumazentrum Wien, Standort Meidling, Kundratstr. 37, 1120, Wien, Österreich.

Dislocation of the patella is one of the most common knee injuries in childhood and adolescence. After detailed clinical and radiological clarification, conservative functional treatment with special orthotic devices is most commonly applied in patients with a primary dislocation without concomitant injuries; however, the redislocation rate after conservative treatment has been reported in the literature to be between 35% and 70%, depending on the risk factors present. Therefore, numerous surgical treatment options exist which are sometimes again associated with high redislocation rates and others can lead to early arthrosis of the patellofemoral joint when used indiscriminately. Read More

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December 2018

Medial collateral ligament laxity in valgus knee deformity before and after medial closing wedge high tibial osteotomy measured with instrumented laxity measurements and patient reported outcome.

J Exp Orthop 2018 Dec 10;5(1):49. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Medial closing wedge high tibial osteotomy (CWHTO) for valgus deformity correction was first described by Coventry whom performed an additional reefing of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) to prevent instability postoperative. In our clinic the additional reefing procedure has never been performed and instability has not been reported routinely by patients. Using instrumented laxity testing, pre- and postoperative valgus and varus knee laxity can be measured objectively. Read More

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December 2018

Neurons in rat orbitofrontal cortex and medial prefrontal cortex exhibit distinct responses in reward and strategy-update in a risk-based decision-making task.

Metab Brain Dis 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, College of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100037, China.

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) are known to participate in risk-based decision-making. However, whether neuronal activities of these two brain regions play similar or differential roles during different stages of risk-based decision-making process remains unknown. Here we conducted multi-channel in vivo recordings in the OFC and mPFC simultaneously when rats were performing a gambling task. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluating the Medial Longitudinal Arch of the Foot: Correlations, Reliability, and Accuracy in People With a Low Arch.

Phys Ther 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Espinardo Campus, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Background: The medial longitudinal arch of the foot is a variable structure, and a decrease in its height could affect several functions and increase the risk of injuries in the lower limbs. There are many different techniques for evaluating it.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlations of the Navicular Drop Test, several footprint parameters, and the Foot Posture Index-6 in people with a low medial longitudinal arch. Read More

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December 2018

Emergence of Coordinated Activity in the Developing Entorhinal-Hippocampal Network.

Cereb Cortex 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

INMED, Aix-Marseille University, INSERM, Marseille, France.

Correlated activity in the entorhinal-hippocampal neuronal networks, supported by oscillatory and intermittent population activity patterns is critical for learning and memory. However, when and how correlated activity emerges in these networks during development remains largely unknown. Here, we found that during the first postnatal week in non-anaesthetized head-restrained rats, activity in the superficial layers of the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC) and hippocampus was highly correlated, with intermittent population bursts in the MEC followed by early sharp waves (eSPWs) in the hippocampus. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Histopathological changes in major amputations due to diabetic foot - a review.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):699-702

Discipline of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of non-traumatic amputations worldwide. Ulcer of the diabetic foot is one of the most prevalent lesions of diabetic patients and it occurs in the natural evolution of the disease as a tardive complication. Neuropathy is the main determinant of foot ulcer. Read More

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January 2018

Clinical, histological and therapeutic modern approach of Ledderhose disease.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):691-697

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Emergency Clinical Hospital of Bucharest, Romania;

Ledderhose disease or plantar fibromatosis is a rare hyperproliferative disorder of the plantar aponeurosis, clinically characterized by nodules situated especially on the medial border of the foot. It is histopathologically associated with Dupuytren's disease. This disease has some risk factors, like old age, alcohol or nicotine abuse, liver dysfunction, trauma or exposure to vibrations and autoimmune disorders, but the exact etiology is still unknown. Read More

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January 2018

Extra-tunnel Compression Mimicking Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Ultrasound Imaging for a Plantar Ganglion Cyst.

Med Ultrason 2018 Dec;20(4):540-541

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

We reported a 43-year-old man with right-foot numbness under the tentative diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome. The initial ultrasound examination did not identify any remarkable findings at the level of the medial malleolus. Owing to the failure of conservative treatments, he was referred for US-guided injection of the tibial nerve. Read More

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December 2018

Utility of False Profile View for Screening of Ischiofemoral Impingement.

Hip Pelvis 2018 Dec 6;30(4):219-225. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Ischiofemoral impingement (IFI)-primarily diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-is an easily overlooked disease due to its low incidence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of false profile view as a screening test for IFI.

Materials And Methods: Fifty-eight patients diagnosed with IFI between June 2013 and July 2017 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Read More

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December 2018

In-Vivo Quantitative Mapping of the Perforasomes of Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery Perforators.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 4;6(10):e1960. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Peninsula Health, Frankston, Victoria, Australia.

Background: There is limited understanding of anatomy of perforator angiosomes, or "perforasomes," of the deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA). A perforasome is defined as the territory perfused by a single perforator vessel of a named artery, such as the DIEA. Given the clinical significance of this anatomical concept in microsurgical breast reconstruction, this study is a quantitative investigation of DIEA perforasome characteristics and patterns associated with perforasome size, perforator caliber, location and branching, using computed tomographic (CT) angiography. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Reconstruction of Medial Canthal Tendon Using Novel Suture Anchoring System: A Case Report.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 15;6(10):e1908. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

For medial canthal tendon reattachment, many kinds of surgical technique have previously been reported. They are complicated and generally require technical skill and prolonged operating times. We, for the first time, describe a novel device, the Caraji Anchor Suture System, used for reattaching the medial canthal tendon to the medial orbital wall after removal of squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

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October 2018

Quality-Adjusted Life Years After Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Health-Related Quality of Life After 12,782 Joint Replacements.

JB JS Open Access 2018 Sep 15;3(3):e0007. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Adult Reconstruction & Joint Replacement Division, The Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Background: The quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is the preferred outcome measurement for cost-effectiveness analysis in health care. QALYs measure patient health-related quality of life with use of a value between 0 and 1. Few studies have provided original data delineating QALYs after hip and knee arthroplasty. Read More

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September 2018

Spontaneous rupture of thymoma.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 23;26:56-58. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Saint Francis Hospital, Evanston, IL, United States.

We report a case of patient who presented to the hospital due to shoulder pain and was later diagnosed with ruptured thymoma. Shortly after being admitted to the hospital for the work up patient developed respiratory distress and underwent emergent endotracheal intubation. CT scan of the chest showed anterior mediastinal mass with associated right sided hemothorax. Read More

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November 2018

Technique for Arthroscopically Assisted Superficial and Deep Medial Collateral Ligament-Meniscotibial Ligament Repair With Internal Brace Augmentation.

Arthrosc Tech 2018 Nov 29;7(11):e1215-e1219. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Taos Orthopaedic Institute, Taos, New Mexico, U.S.A.

Deep medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury leads to meniscal lift-off and extrusion of the medial meniscus, resulting in instability and increased medial compartment pressures with subsequent cartilage damage. Repair of the deep MCL meniscotibial ligament in concert with superficial MCL repair or reconstruction is intended to restore the native anatomy , stability, and function of the medial meniscus. We present an arthroscopically assisted technique using standard arthroscopy portals and a medial open approach. Read More

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November 2018
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Percutaneous Medial Ligament Reconstruction for Valgus and Rotational Knee Instability.

Arthrosc Tech 2018 Nov 29;7(11):e1205-e1213. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Institut de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Sportive à Strasbourg (ICOSS), Strasbourg, France.

The following surgical technique is intended for patients with chronic valgus laxity and rotational knee instability. It is a percutaneous 2-bundle ligament reconstruction method that uses the semitendinosus tendon, allowing it to remain pedicled to its distal tibial insertion. The aim is to correct the laxity without otherwise limiting the motion of the knee. Read More

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November 2018

Arthroscopic Complete Posterior Capsulotomy for Knee Flexion Contracture.

Arthrosc Tech 2018 Nov 15;7(11):e1135-e1139. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Orthopedic and Trauma Department, Veteran's Memorial Teaching Hospital in Lodz, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Knee flexion contracture is a clinically important complication that can be observed after trauma, after knee surgery, or as a result of osteoarthritis. When it is left untreated, knee shearing forces increase not only in the affected joint but also in the contralateral knee, leading to mechanical overload in both limbs. Conservative management is a first-line treatment option for extension deficits, but when it fails, surgical treatment is necessary. Read More

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November 2018

Anterior Closing-Wedge Osteotomy for Posterior Slope Correction.

Arthrosc Tech 2018 Nov 1;7(11):e1079-e1087. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Martin Luther Hospital, Berlin, Germany.

Increased tibial slope can be a cause of recurrent instability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. This article presents a technique for an anterior closing-wedge osteotomy for slope correction. The indications for this procedure are patients with recurrent instability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with a neutral leg axis or slightly varus deformity and a posterior slope of more than 12°. Read More

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November 2018

Cognitive Deficit-Related Interhemispheric Asynchrony within the Medial Hub of the Default Mode Network Aids in Classifying the Hyperthyroid Patients.

Neural Plast 2018 8;2018:9023604. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Psychosomatics and Psychiatry, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China.

Background And Purpose: Recent studies suggest that abnormal structure and function in the brain network were related to cognitive and emotional impairment in hyperthyroid patients (HPs). The association between altered voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) and neuropsychological impairment in HPs remains unclear. This study is aimed at investigating the association between the disrupted functional coordination and psychological dysfunction in hyperthyroidism. Read More

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November 2018

Response Properties of Interneurons and Pyramidal Neurons in Macaque MSTd and VPS Areas During Self-Motion.

Front Neural Circuits 2018 23;12:105. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics (Ministry of Education), East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

To perceive self-motion perception, the brain needs to integrate multi-modal sensory signals such as visual, vestibular and proprioceptive cues. Self-motion perception is very complex and involves multi candidate areas. Previous studies related to self-motion perception during passive motion have revealed that some of the areas show selective response to different directions for both visual (optic flow) and vestibular stimuli, such as the dorsal subdivision of the medial superior temporal area (MSTd) and the visual posterior sylvian fissure (VPS), although MSTd is dominated by visual signals and VPS is dominated by vestibular signals. Read More

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November 2018