4,000,303 results match your criteria Med World Chronicle - Omnicare[Journal]


POCUS - Chance or Risk?

Ultraschall Med 2018 Dec 14;39(6):606-609. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

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December 2018

A Diagnostic Challenge: Prenatal Ultrasound Findings in Severe Epidermolysis Bullosa.

Ultraschall Med 2018 Dec 14;39(6):600-601. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Ultraschallpraxis Freie Strasse, Basel, Switzerland.

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December 2018
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The burden and epidemiology of polyparasitism among rural communities in Kano State, Nigeria.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya,Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Parasitic infections constitute a major public health problem worldwide, particularly among underprivileged communities in developing countries including Nigeria. The present study aimed to determine the epidemiology of polyparasitism (multiple parasitic infections) among rural communities in Kano State, North Central Nigeria.

Methods: A total of 551 individuals were screened for the presence of intestinal, urogenital and blood parasites by using different diagnostic techniques. Read More

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December 2018

Risk factors for death among patients with Chikungunya virus infection during the outbreak in northeast Brazil, 2016-2017.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Ceará-UFC. Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is a current public health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for death among patients with CHIKV infection during a large epidemic in northeast Brazil.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with all registered cases of CHIKV in Ceara, Brazil, during 2016-2017. Read More

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December 2018

Lower skeletal muscle mass at admission independently predicts falls and mortality three months post-discharge in hospitalised older patients.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Medicine and Aged Care, @AgeMelbourne, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Approximately 10% of older adults is annually admitted to a hospital. Hospitalisation is associated with a higher risk of falls and mortality after discharge. This study aimed to identify predictors at admission for falls and mortality three months post-discharge in hospitalised older patients. Read More

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December 2018

Let's 'cut to the chase' on malaria elimination in the Greater Mekong Subregion.

Authors:
Sean E Hewitt

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

VBDC Consulting Ltd., Fronteifi House, Cardigan, United Kingdom.

The Greater Mekong Subregion has made remarkable progress towards eliminating malaria in recent years, but efforts are now faltering in some areas. The development of tools to control forest-based transmission is taking too long and efforts to control malaria among high-risk mobile people are failing. If countries are to meet their elimination targets and prevent the spread of multidrug-resistant falciparum malaria, urgent and radical changes will be required. Read More

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December 2018

Loneliness and social isolation of military veterans: systematic narrative review.

Occup Med (Lond) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, Northern Hub for Veterans and Military Families' Research, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.

Background: Loneliness and social isolation are being increasingly recognized as influencing both physical and mental health. There is limited research carried out with military veterans and, to date, there is no review of existing evidence.

Aims: To synthesize and examine the evidence exploring aspects of social isolation and loneliness of military veterans, using a systematic narrative review strategy. Read More

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December 2018

Social and early life adversity and chronic health conditions among Tunisian adults.

Transl Behav Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Duluth Medical Research Institute, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN, USA.

Early life adversities (ELAs) are shown as significant risk factors for chronic health conditions (CHCs). ELAs include multiple types of abuse such as the social abuse (peer, community, and collective violence). The purpose is to describe the relationship between childhood social abuse and chronic conditions in adulthood among a sample of adults in Tunisia and to investigate the role of obesity and tobacco use as mediators of this association. Read More

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December 2018

Civil War Drummer Boys: Musicians, Messengers, and Medical Assistants.

Mil Med 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX.

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October 2018

Snakebite Mitigation Project of the Madras Crocodile Bank/Centre for Herpetology, India: background and a brief summary of activities.

Authors:
Romulus Whitaker

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Project Manager (India), Global Snakebite Initiative, East Coast Road, Mamallapuram, Chennai, India.

Snakebite is a serious problem in rural India where several highly venomous species are commonly found in and around agricultural areas where prey such as rodents and amphibians are abundant. Four snake species, referred to as the Big Four, are responsible for the most serious and fatal bites: spectacled cobra (Naja naja), Russell's viper (Daboia russelii), common krait (Bungarus caeruleus) and saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus). A polyvalent antivenom is made to treat these bites but public awareness and distribution of this life-saving drug is inadequate. Read More

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December 2018

New Directions in the Historiography of Psychiatry.

J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of History, University of Rochester.

Gerald Grob's work in the history of psychiatry over the course of almost fifty years created a model for how historians might successfully situate mental health in its social and political context, and how inseparable it was from this context. Over the last twenty years, the field has grown tremendously. Historians have incorporated categories of analysis like gender and race, methodologies like cultural history and intellectual history, and sought to continue Grob's quest to understand American mental health history as a critical component of American history writ large. Read More

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December 2018
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Aerobic Exercise Training Alleviates Renal Injury by Interfering with Mitochondrial Function in Type-1 Diabetic Mice.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 14;24:9081-9089. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Sports, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy was one of the most serious and harmful diabetic complications, characterized by progressive loss of renal function and renal fibrosis. Aerobic exercise training is an important non-pharmacologic method to prevent and treat diabetes mellitus and diabetic complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS Intraperitoneal (i. Read More

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December 2018

Associations between cognitive impairment and quality of life in euthymic bipolar patients.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Nov 26;271:510-515. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

During the euthymic state in bipolar disorder, cognitive functions often remain affected. Specifically, subjective and objective cognitive impairment might distinctly affect patients' quality of life (QoL); however, this question had not been examined previously in Japanese patients. Therefore, the current study investigated the associations between cognitive complaints, QoL, and objective cognitive functions. Read More

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November 2018
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The high prevalence of pre-existing mental health complaints in clients attending Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre: Implications for initial management and engagement with the Independent Sexual Violence Advisor service at the centre.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Dec 5;61:102-107. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre, York Place, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre has a unique service delivery model whereby it provides an integrated physical and psychological support services to clients, women men and children, living in Greater Manchester. The service is available to those who have reported rape or sexual assault, whether this is recent or historic. Clients living in surrounding areas of Cheshire are provided with forensic and medical services at Saint Mary's Centre, with follow-up care provided locally, as appropriate. Read More

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December 2018

Normal axillary thickness thresholds as a metric for nutritional status of children.

Clin Imaging 2018 Dec 1;54:57-62. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical School, 3208C Medical Sciences Building 1, B1D502, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5030, United States of America. Electronic address:

Introduction: Childhood pneumonia is a major cause of death in the 3rd world, and undernourishment increases the severity of the condition. We considered axillary thickness as a simple measurement to evaluate nutritional status that can be performed simultaneously with lung ultrasound. Our goal was to determine the distribution of axillary thickness in a cohort of children to determine a threshold for malnutrition. Read More

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December 2018
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Rhomboid intercostal and subserratus plane block for transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Authors:
Hironobu Ueshima

J Clin Anesth 2018 Dec 11;54:146. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, Showa University Hospital, Hatanodai Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

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December 2018

The role of powerful audiences in health information avoidance.

Soc Sci Med 2018 Dec 1;220:430-439. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

University of Florida, United States.

Background: Although people may want to learn information, concerns about how audiences (persons or entities privy to one's behavior or information) might respond may motivate people to avoid information that audiences could use to threaten resources or harm them.

Purpose: We examined whether powerful audiences prompt health risk information avoidance.

Methods: We tested in two studies (N = 843 adults 25 and older, 75% White) the influence of different audiences on medical information avoidance. Read More

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December 2018

Ultrasound simulation model incorporating incident and reflected wave propagations along a common carotid artery.

Comput Biol Med 2018 Nov 13;104:267-277. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Electronic Engineering, Information School, Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan, 650091, China.

An ultrasound simulation model incorporating incident and reflected wave propagations is proposed to provide a realistic data source for validation of transit time (TT)-based local pulse wave velocity (PWV) estimation algorithms. First, the incident wave (IW) and reflected wave (RW) at a certain position over a common carotid artery (CCA) are estimated. Then, the propagating pulse waves (PWs) along the CCA are modelled with the synthesizations of the estimated IWs and RWs, whose occurrences are delayed in opposite sequences according to a preset PWV. Read More

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November 2018

Three monophyletic clusters in Retortamonas species isolated from vertebrates.

Parasitol Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Parasitology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan. Electronic address:

Retortamonas spp. has been reported as an intestinal parasite among various host organisms, including humans; however, its intra-genus molecular diversity has not yet been elucidated. Haplotypes of the 18S small subunit ribosomal RNA locus (1836-1899 bp) of Retortamonas spp. Read More

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December 2018

Levels of circulating soluble LR11, a regulator of smooth muscle cell migration, are highly associated with atherosclerotic plaques in patients with carotid artery stenosis.

Clin Chim Acta 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Clinical-Laboratory and Experimental-Research Medicine, Toho University Sakura Medical Center, 564-1 Shimoshizu, Sakura 285-8741, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The levels of plasma sLR11, released from intimal SMCs, are positively associated with intima-media thickness (IMT) in asymptomatic subjects. We have evaluated the yet unknown pathological significance of sLR11 for plaque conditions in patients with carotid artery stenosis.

Methods: The presence of LR11 in carotid plaques was investigated using autopsy specimens. Read More

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December 2018

Role of the androgen receptor gene CAG repeat polymorphism on the sequence of pubertal events and adiposity in girls with high dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Maternal and Child Research, School of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Study Objective: The Androgen Receptor (AR) harbors a variable repeat of a variable number of glutamine residues [(CAG)n] which seems to affect inversely AR transcriptional activity. We assessed whether (CAG)n affect the sequence of the androgen-sensitive pubertal events and body composition in prepubertal girls.

Design: and participants: Nested case-control study within the Growth and Obesity Cohort Study of 1196 low-middle income children (≈50% girls) from Santiago, Chile. Read More

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December 2018

Cisplatin induces autophagy to enhance hepatitis B virus replication via activation of ROS/JNK and inhibition of the Akt/mTOR pathway.

Free Radic Biol Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Infectious Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute for Viral Hepatitis, Department of Infectious Diseases, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a serious global health concern. Cisplatin is a chemotherapeutic agent commonly used to treat various cancers. However, HBV-infected patients receiving chemotherapy are at risk of HBV reactivation via unknown mechanisms, which we aimed to elucidate in this study. Read More

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December 2018

Asymptomatic Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection: Extent and implications for infection control: A systematic review.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Aix Marseille Univ, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille (AP-HM), Service de Santé des Armées (SSA), Microbes Vecteurs Infections Tropicales et Méditerranéennes (VITROME), Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire-Méditerranée Infection (IHU-Méditerranée Infection), Marseille, France.

Background: The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) emerged in 2012 and attracted an international attention as the virus caused multiple healthcare associated outbreaks. There are reports of the role of asymptomatic individuals play in the transmission of MERS-CoV, however, the exact role is now known.

Method: The MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for relevant papers published till August 2018 describing asymptomatic MERS-CoV infection. Read More

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December 2018

Black and Minority Ethnic women's decision-making for risk reduction strategies after BRCA testing: Use of context and knowledge.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

King's College London, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, London, United Kingdom; Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Within the field of breast cancer care, women concerned about their family history are offered genetic testing and subsequent treatment options based on several factors which include but are not limited to personal and family cancer disease histories and clinical guidelines. Discussions around decision-making in genetics in Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups are rarely documented in literature, and information regarding interactions with genetics services is usually discussed and linked to lack of scientific knowledge. As such, counselling sessions based only on scientific and medical information miss out the many reasons participants consider in making health decisions, information which can be used to encourage BME women to engage in cancer genetics services. Read More

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December 2018

CGRP Antibodies as Prophylaxis in Migraine.

Authors:
Lars Edvinsson

Cell 2018 Dec;175(7):1719

Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Monoclonal antibodies against calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or its receptor (CLR + RAMP1) offer considerable improvements over existing drugs in migraine prophylaxis and are the first designed to act on the trigeminal pain system. Erenumab is approved by the FDA and EMA and has reached the market since May 2018. Two antibodies, fremanezumab and galcanezumab, directed towards the CGRP ligand, were approved by the FDA in September 2018. Read More

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December 2018

Significance of Obstetrical History with Future Cardiovascular Disease Risk.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine 12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd. Tampa, FL 33612.

The maternal cardiovascular system undergoes profound changes to support the increasing demands of fetal growth during pregnancy. An accumulating body of evidence has shown that common pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, low birth weight, and preterm delivery, can be associated with future cardiovascular adverse events in mothers. Factors such as glucose metabolism, hyperlipidemia, inflammatory markers, large and small vessel stiffness/functionality have been linked with these pregnancy conditions. Read More

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December 2018

The ego has landed! What can be done about research misconduct, scandals and spins?

Am J Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Vice-President Research Office, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Electronic address:

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December 2018

At The Knees: Inguinoscrotal Hernia.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Pediatrics, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, TX.

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December 2018

Plecanatide for Treatment of Chronic Constipation and Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Authors:
Bryan L Love

Am J Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of South Carolina College of Pharmacy, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Outcomes Sciences, Columbia, SC. Electronic address:

Chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation are commonly encountered in ambulatory patients, but limited options exist for patients with persistent or severe symptoms following treatment with non-prescription products. Plecanatide (Trulance, Synergy Pharmaceuticals) is a 16-amino acid peptide analogue of uroguanylin that stimulates guanylate cyclase-C receptors to increase chloride and bicarbonate secretion into the intestine and prevents the absorption of sodium ions, thereby increasing the secretion of water into the lumen. The influx of additional fluid accelerates intestinal transit, softens the stool and facilitates easier defecation. Read More

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December 2018

Burn Bright I: Reflections on the Burnout Epidemic (Part one of a two-part series).

Am J Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, 655 N. Alvernon Way #222, Tucson, AZ 85711.

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December 2018

MYBPC3 truncation mutations enhance actomyosin contractile mechanics in human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Cardiovascular Research Institute of Vermont, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, United States. Electronic address:

Rationale: Truncation mutations in the MYBPC3 gene, encoding for cardiac myosin-binding protein C (MyBP-C), are the leading cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Whole heart, fiber and molecular studies demonstrate that MyBP-C is a potent modulator of cardiac contractility, but how these mutations contribute to HCM is unresolved.

Objectives: To readdress whether MYBPC3 truncation mutations result in loss of MyBP-C content and/or the expression of truncated MyBP-C from the mutant allele and determine how these mutations effect myofilament sliding in human myocardium. Read More

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December 2018

Response of the Injured Tendon to Growth Factors in the Presence or Absence of the Paratenon.

Am J Sports Med 2018 Dec 14:363546518814534. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Rehabilitation Medicine Research Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background:: The paratenon is important for Achilles tendon healing. There is much interest in the use of exogenous growth factors (GFs) as potential agents for accelerating the healing of damaged Achilles tendons.

Purpose/hypothesis:: The present study used a rat model to study the responses of the injured Achilles tendon to GFs in the presence or absence of the paratenon. Read More

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December 2018

Dosimetric effects of the kV based image-guided radiation therapy of prone breast external beam radiation: Towards the optimized imaging frequency.

J Appl Clin Med Phys 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

Purpose: For prone breast treatment, daily image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) allows couch shifting to correct breast position relative to the treatment field. This work investigates the dosimetric effect of reducing kV imaging frequencies and the feasibility of optimizing the frequency using patient anatomy or their first 3-day shifts.

Method: Thirty-seven prone breast patients who had been treated with skin marker alignment followed by daily kV were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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December 2018
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Optogenetic control of iPS cell-derived neurons in 2D and 3D culture systems using channelrhodopsin-2 expressed by the SYN1 and CaMKII promoters.

J Tissue Eng Regen Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Oncology, Old Road Campus Research Building, University of Oxford, UK.

Development of optogenetically controllable human neural network model in three-dimensional (3D) can provide an investigative system that is physiologically relevant or mimic to the human brain. Light-sensitive neurons were generated by transducing channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) into human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) derived neural progenitor cells (Axol) using lentiviruses and cell-type specific promoters. A mixed population of human iPSC-derived cortical neurons, astrocytes and progenitor cells was obtained (Axol-ChR2) upon neural differentiation. Read More

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December 2018

Serum inhibin B concentration as a predictor of age at first menstruation in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0205810. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild and Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.

Objective: To compare the serum inhibin B, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and leptin concentrations in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP) to their concomitant characteristics and evaluate the capacity of each of these hormones to predict the age at first menstruation in those who were untreated and who completed their puberty.

Methods: This single-center study included 94 girls selected from a cohort of 493 girls seen between 1981 and 2012 and diagnosed with idiopathic CPP for whom a remaining serum sample collected at the initial evaluation was available. Of these 25 were untreated and completed their puberty. Read More

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December 2018

Serum Alkaline Phosphatase Predicts Poor Disease-Free Survival in Patients Receiving Radical Gastrectomy.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 14;24:9073-9080. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of General Surgery, Chinese People's Liberation Army 309th Hospital, Beijing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) has been proved to be a negative prognostic factor for several malignancies, but its clinical significance in gastric cancer (GC) patients has not been sufficiently studied. In the present retrospective study, we investigated the effect of serum ALP on disease-free survival (DFS) after radical gastrectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS We included 491 GC patients receiving radical gastrectomy at the Chinese People's Liberation Army 309th Hospital. Read More

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December 2018
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Acute heart failure in Yemen.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Cardiology, 'Sapienza' University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

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December 2018

Which Cut-offs for Secondary V[Combining Dot Above]O2max Criteria Are Robust to Diurnal Variations?

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Purpose: The aim was to determine the minimum secondary exhaustion criteria cut-offs (i.e. max respiratory exchange ratio [RERmax], max heart rate [HRmax], max rating of perceived exertion [RPEmax], and max blood lactate concentration [BLmax]) necessary to determine maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) during cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET), by balancing type I and type II errors. Read More

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December 2018

Acute Effects of Exercise Intensity on Insulin Sensitivity under Energy Balance.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Human Studies.

Exercise is known to improve insulin sensitivity (SI), however studies to date have been confounded by negative energy deficits following exercise.

Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of 8-16 weeks of aerobic exercise training on the SI of untrained women under rigorously controlled energy balanced conditions. The secondary objective was to determine if one acute bout of moderate (MIC)- or high (HII)-intensity exercise further affected SI. Read More

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December 2018

The Health Risks of Obesity Have Not Been Exaggerated.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2019 Jan;51(1):222-225

Center for Physical Activity and Weight Management, The University of Kansas, University of Kansas Medical Center, Lawrence, KS.

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January 2019

The Health Risks of Obesity Have Been Exaggerated.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2019 Jan;51(1):218-221

Department of Exercise Science, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

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January 2019

Procalcitonin and other markers to guide antibiotic use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations in the era of antimicrobial resistance.

Curr Opin Pulm Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center for Respiratory Diseases, China-Japan Friendship Hospital National Clinical Research Center of Respiratory Diseases Capital Medical University.

Purpose Of Review: This review summarizes the latest discoveries regarding the use of clinical indicators and biomarkers to guide antibiotic use in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), and it analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of various indicators and markers.

Recent Findings: For AECOPD patients admitted to emergency departments and medical wards, procalcitonin (PCT)-guided antibiotic therapy reduced antibiotic use without adverse outcomes. In contrast, for severe AECOPD patients admitted to ICUs, PCT-guided antibiotic therapy increased the overall mortality in a 3-month follow-up period, and antibiotic use was not decreased. Read More

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December 2018
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Activation of Supraspinatus and Infraspinatus Partitions and Periscapular Musculature during Rehabilitative Elastic Resistance Exercises.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to quantify the activation of partitions within supraspinatus and infraspinatus and some periscapular muscles during four resistance exercises with elastic bands.

Design: 27 right handed healthy volunteers (22.5 ± 2. Read More

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December 2018

Injury of the Medial Lemniscus due to Compression of the Medulla Oblongata by Tortuous Vertebral Artery.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

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December 2018

Empowering Physiatrists In-Training to the Peer-Review Process.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Toronto.

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December 2018

Fit4SurgeryTV at-home prehabilitation for frail elderly planned for colorectal cancer surgery: a pilot study.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: The preoperative phase is a potential window of opportunity. Although frail elderly patients are known to be more prone to postoperative complications, they are often not considered capable of accomplishing a full prehabilitation program. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of Fit4SurgeryTV, an at-home prehabilitation program specifically designed for frail elderly with colorectal cancer (CRC). Read More

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December 2018

Rehabilitation - key for healthy ageing and longevity.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy, University of Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland. Swiss Paraplegic Research (SPF), Nottwil, Switzerland. Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy, University of Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland. Swiss Paraplegic Research (SPF), Nottwil, Switzerland. University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA.

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December 2018

Use of Opioid Analgesics in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain and Knee Osteoarthritis.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.

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December 2018
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