91,377 results match your criteria Meat science[Journal]


Health risk assessment on N-nitrosodimethylamine in drinking water and food in major cities of China with disability-adjusted life years (DALYs).

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 11;170:412-417. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; Sino-Danish College, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

In this study, a health risk assessment of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) in drinking water and food was conducted using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in major cities of China. Considering the numerous non-detected values found in drinking water samples, a zero-inflated model was employed to obtain a more precise NDMA concentration distribution function in drinking water. With exogenous chronic daily intake of 1. Read More

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December 2018

Traditional attributes moo-ve over for some consumer segments: Relative ranking of fluid milk attributes.

Appetite 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, 403 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.

Due to the decrease in fluid milk consumption as a beverage in the United States, the importance for dairy industry stakeholders to understand attribute preferences for consumer segments has increased. This paper uses a representative sample of U.S. Read More

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December 2018

Diet and colon: what matters?

Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Purpose Of Review: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Diet has a significant impact on the risk of developing CRC, but though processed meat is a known positive contributor, the effects of other dietary components are largely mixed. This review focuses on dietary patterns to describe the complexity of dietary diversity and overall food consumption and to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of CRC. Read More

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December 2018

[The becoming of reactions of lipolysis in phylogenesis. The palmitic and oleic triglycerides as substrates. Insulin, condition of normolipemia and formation of hyper lipoproteinemia type IIb, IV and V].

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):4-15

The Federal state budget scientifc institution "The research institute of general pathology and pathophysiology" of the Russian academy of sciences, 125315, Moscow, Russia.

According to phylogenetic theory of general pathology, when living in ocean all were carnivorous (piscivorous) fatty acids transferring to cells in form of non-polar triglycerides nitially began apoB-48 chylomicrons, continued lipoproteins of very low and low density and fnalized its apoB-100 endocytosis. The fatty acids are transferred by chylomicrons + lipoproteins of very low density + lipoproteins of low density and non-polar triglycerides are hydrolyzed by hepatic glycerolhydrogenase and co-enzyme apoC-III; according WHO classifcation, hyperlipoproteinemia corresponds to type V. On land, in herbivorous who are not yet synthesized insulin, apoB-48 and chylomicrons left process of non-polar triglycerides transferring. Read More

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January 2018

Detection and Evaluation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Shiga-toxin Genes stx1, stx2 in Cattle Meat Samples.

Clin Lab 2018 Oct;64(11)

Background: Screening of transmission routes and routine control of the food for foodborne-pathogens are vital in terms of public health. In this study, we aimed to investigate and evaluate the presence of E. coli O157:H7 strains and toxins in the cattle meat samples collected from different markets and butchers. Read More

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October 2018

Outbreak of myelocytomatosis caused by mutational avian leukosis virus subgroup J in China, 2018.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, 271018, China.

Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) was isolated in meat-type breeder chickens for the first time in 1988 in the United Kingdom. Due to the application of an eradication program, there were fewer reports related to myelocytomatosis or ALV-J in China after 2013. However, there was another breakout almost simultaneously in six provinces of China in February 2018. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Isocyanates and Hydrogen Cyanide in Fumes from Heated Proteins and Protein Rich Foods.

Authors:
Per Leanderson

Indoor Air 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, S-58185, Linköping, Sweden.

Toxic compounds in cooking fumes could cause respiratory problems. In the present study the formation of isocyanic acid (ICA), methyl isocyanate (MIC) and hydrogen cyanide (HCN) was studied during the heating of proteins or frying of protein rich foods. Heating was performed in an experimental setup using a tube oven set at 200-500 °C and in a kitchen when foods with different protein content were fried at a temperature around 300 °C. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence of hepatitis E virus infection among blood donors in a high endemic area of Central Italy.

J Viral Hepat 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy.

In Europe, autochthonous hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is mainly a food-borne zoonosis, but it is also transmitted by blood transfusion. Despite the numerous prevalence surveys, only a few studies have investigated HEV incidence. We aimed to determine HEV incidence and risk factors among blood donors in a hyperendemic area in Central Italy. Read More

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December 2018

Hepatitis E virus infection in swine workers: A meta-analysis.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Epidemiology, Fudan University School of Public Health, Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety (Ministry of Education), Shanghai, China.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infects both humans and animals. Swine has been confirmed to be the principal natural reservoir, which raises a concern that HEV infection would be substantially increasing among swine workers. The present study calculated the pooled prevalence of IgG antibodies against HEV among swine workers and the general population in previous cross-sectional studies. Read More

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December 2018

[Christmas article. MRI assessment of the optimal type of traditional pork roast and preparation method - a randomised blinded trial].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Dec;180(50)

Introduction: Pork roast is part of the traditional Danish Christmas meal and has been so for several hundreds of years. A novel cooking method is sous vide, in which the meat under vacuum is cooked for a long time at low temperature. Can MRI predict the optimal type of traditional pork roast and the optimal preparation method: oven or sous vide preparation?

Methods: Two different pork roasts, one from an ordinary pig and one from a pig from an organic farm, were divided in two and randomised to oven cooking or sous vide. Read More

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December 2018

Ant dipping and meat eating by wild chimpanzees in the kalinzu forest, uganda.

Primates 2000 Jan;41(1):103-108

Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kanrin, Inuyama, 484-8506, Aichi, Japan.

New evidence of ant dipping and meat eating by chimpanzees was recorded in the Kalinzu Forest, Uganda. We found stems and branches at the nests of driver ants,Dorylus molestus, just after chimpanzees had left the spot. Fecal samples also revealed that chimpanzees sometimes ate driver ants. Read More

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January 2000

Potential Human Health Risks of Tannery Waste-contaminated Poultry Feed.

J Health Pollut 2015 Dec 21;5(9):68-77. Epub 2015 Dec 21.

Center for Advanced Research in Sciences, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: For over a decade, solid tannery waste has been converted into protein concentrate and used as a feed ingredient because of its cheap availability. However, as chromium sulfate is commonly used in the tanning process, the chromium (Cr) content of tanned skin-cut wastes (SCW) may enter the edible parts of poultry through feed. Therefore, there is a chance that Cr and other heavy metals may be present in the edible portion of poultry and consequently transfer to humans upon poultry consumption. Read More

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December 2015

Advanced applications of nanotechnology in veterinary medicine.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

The invention of new techniques to manipulate materials at their nanoscale had an evolutionary effect on various medical sciences. At the time, there are thousands of nanomaterials which can be divided according to their shape, origin, or their application. The nanotechnology provided new solutions for old problems. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Electronic nose dataset for beef quality monitoring in uncontrolled ambient conditions.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 22;21:2414-2420. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Biology Department, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Jalan Raya ITS, Keputih, Sukolilo, 60111 Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

In recent years, the development of a rapid, simple, and low-cost meat assessment system using an electronic nose (e-nose) has been the concern of researchers. In this data article, we provide a time series dataset that was obtained from a beef quality monitoring experiment using an e-nose in uncontrolled ambient conditions. The availability of this dataset will enable discussion on how to deal with noisy e-nose signals and non-optimum sensor array in beef quality monitoring. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Evolution of Volatile Compounds and Spoilage Bacteria in Smoked Bacon during Refrigeration Using an E-Nose and GC-MS Combined with Partial Least Squares Regression.

Molecules 2018 Dec 11;23(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China.

The changes in the concentration of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and biogenic amines (BAs) in smoked bacon during 45-day refrigerated storage is investigated using solid-phase micro-extraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography. In total, 56 VOCs and 6 BAs were identified and quantified. The possible pathways leading to their formation are analyzed and considered as the potential signs of microbial activity, especially by specific spoilage microorganisms (SSOs). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Frequency of Dietary Intake and Physical Activity in Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

General Medical Hospital 'Sveti Duh', 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Evidence shows that diet is associated with physical activity. However, there has been a lack of studies addressing it in a population of older adults. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to explore associations between various frequencies of dietary intake and physical activity in older adults. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Simultaneous Determination of 18 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Daily Foods (Hanoi Metropolitan Area) by Gas Chromatography⁻Tandem Mass Spectrometry.

Foods 2018 Dec 8;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi 100000, Vietnam.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)-a large group of organic compounds-are extremely hazardous to human health. In this study, the 198 samples from six groups of daily food products in the Hanoi metropolitan area were collected and prepared by the QuEChERS sample treatment technique. The detection and identification of PAHs were obtained by gas chromatography⁻tandem mass spectrometry (GC⁻MS/MS) determination. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Diet density during the first week of life: Effects on growth performance, digestive organ weight, and nutrient digestion of broiler chickens.

Poult Sci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, NL-6700AH Wageningen, the Netherlands.

The current study aimed to investigate whether diet density affects growth performance and nutrient digestion during the first wk after hatch and digestive organ weight at 7 d of age. Effects were studied using a dose-response design consisting of 5 dietary fat levels (3.5, 7. Read More

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December 2018
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Intakes of Vitamin B-12 from Dairy Food, Meat, and Fish and Shellfish Are Independently and Positively Associated with Vitamin B-12 Biomarker Status in Pregnant Dutch Women.

J Nutr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Departments of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: The effect of vitamin B-12 from different animal foods on vitamin B-12 biomarker status has not previously been evaluated in pregnant women.

Objective: We examined the association of vitamin B-12 intake from dairy, meat, fish (including shellfish), and eggs with circulating concentrations of vitamin B-12 biomarkers and with the presence of vitamin B-12 deficiency in 1266 pregnant women participating in the KOALA Birth Cohort Study.

Methods: Blood samples were collected in weeks 34-36 of pregnancy, and vitamin B-12 intake from foods and supplements was estimated with a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and molecular characterization of Sarcocystis infections of retail beef products from central China.

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, China.

Cattle are the intermediate hosts for five Sarcocystis species including S. hominis and S. heydorni, which also infect humans. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Differences in dietary pattern by maternal age in the Born in Bradford cohort: A comparative analysis.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208879. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Objective: Explore associations between dietary patterns and maternal age.

Design: Population based cohort study.

Setting: Maternity department of a large hospital in northern England. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
3.234 Impact Factor

Consumption displacement in households with noncommunicable diseases in Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208504. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Global Noncommunicable Diseases Branch, Division of Global Health Protection, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

The economic burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including treatment costs and income and productivity losses, is a growing concern in developing countries, where NCD medical expenditure may offset consumption of other essential commodities. This study examines the role of NCDs in household resource allocation in Bangladesh. We use the Bangladesh Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) 2010 to obtain expenditure data on 11 household expenditure categories and 12 food expenditure sub-categories for 12,240 households. Read More

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December 2018

Review of epidemiological risk models for foot-and-mouth disease: Implications for prevention strategies with a focus on Africa.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208296. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Research Unit in Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences (UREAR-ULiège), Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH) Centre, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious transboundary disease that affects domestic and wild cloven-hoofed animal species. The aim of this review was to identify and critically assess some modelling techniques for FMD that are well supported by scientific evidence from the literature with a focus on their use in African countries where the disease remains enzootic. In particular, this study attempted to provide a synopsis of the relative strengths and weaknesses of these models and their relevance to FMD prevention policies. Read More

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December 2018
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Differentiation of Trichinella species (Trichinella spiralis/Trichinella britovi versus Trichinella pseudospiralis) using western blot.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 12;11(1):631. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

European Union Reference Laboratory for Parasites, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Background: Trichinellosis is a meat-borne zoonotic disease caused by parasites of the genus Trichinella. To date, 12 taxa have been described. The identification of Trichinella species is crucial in order to identify the possible source of infection, the geographical origin of the parasite and to assess risk of infection for domestic pigs and humans. Read More

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December 2018

Specific microbiota dynamically regulate the bidirectional gut-brain axis communications in mice fed meat protein diets.

J Agric Food Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The purpose of this study was to characterize the dynamic changes of different protein diets to gut microbiota and explore the influence on communications between the gut and the brain. C57BL/6J mice were fed casein, soy protein and four kinds of processed meat proteins at a normal dose of 20% for 8 months. Bacteroidales S24-7 abundance increased from 4 to 8 months, whereas the abundances of six genera including Akkermansia decreased remarkably. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hossain MS, et al. Human Health Risk of Chromium Intake From Consumption of Poultry Meat and Eggs in Dhaka, Bangladesh. . 2017;7(14):30-36.

Authors:
Jack Caravanos

J Health Pollut 2017 Dec 18;7(16). Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Clinical Professor of Environmental Public Health Sciences, College of Global Public Health, New York University,

[This retracts the article on p. 30 in vol. 7. Read More

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December 2017
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Retracted Human Health Risk of Chromium Intake From Consumption of Poultry Meat and Eggs in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

J Health Pollut 2017 Jun 18;7(14):30-36. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

International Affairs Division, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Heavy metals contamination of food is a serious threat. Long term exposure may lead to human health risks. Poultry and eggs are a major source of protein, but if contaminated by heavy metals, have the potential to lead to detrimental effects on human health. Read More

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June 2017
1 Read

A food-based score and incidence of overweight/obesity: The Dietary Obesity-Prevention Score (DOS).

Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; Biomedical Research Center Network on Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBEROBN), Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, Spain; Navarra's Health Research Institute (IDISNA), Pamplona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Given the enormous health, economic and societal consequences of the obesity pandemic, identifying effective primary prevention strategies represents a global priority. The aim of this study was to provide evidence on the association between adherence to a food-based score reflecting a set of targeted, well-informed, simple dietary recommendations and the incidence of overweight/obesity.

Methods: A total of 11,349 initially free of overweight/obesity young adults (mean [SD] age: 34. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Comparison between household food purchase and individual food consumption in Brazil.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 7:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1Institute of Social Medicine,Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ),São Francisco Xavier 524 - UERJ,Rio de Janeiro,RJ20550-013,Brazil.

Objective: The present study aimed to compare Household Budget Survey (HBS) data on food purchasing and individual food consumption, collected in the same nationwide survey.

Design: Food purchase information for each household was collected by a seven-day collective acquisition diary, applied to 55 970 households. Food consumption information was obtained from household members over 10 years old by the application of two non-consecutive food records in a sub-sample of the HBS. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Street food in Maputo, Mozambique: Availability and nutritional value of homemade foods.

Nutr Health 2018 Dec 7:260106018816427. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.

Background:: A nutrition transition is occurring in the urban areas of developing countries, where street food makes an important contribution to daily food intake.

Aim:: We aimed to characterise street food offer in Maputo, Mozambique, and to evaluate the nutritional composition of the most common homemade foods.

Methods:: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Implications of the Intestinal Microbiota in Diagnosing the Progression of Diabetes and the Presence of Cardiovascular Complications.

J Diabetes Res 2018 12;2018:5205126. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania.

The prevalence of diabetes is steadily rising, and once it occurs, it can cause multiple complications with a negative impact on the whole organism. Complications of diabetes may be macrovascular: such as stroke and ischemic heart disease as well as peripheral vascular and microvascular diseases-retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Key factors that cause cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes include hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation, hypertension, autonomic dysfunction, and decreased vascular response capacity. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Contribution of vegetables and cured meat to dietary nitrate and nitrite intake in Italian population: Safe level for cured meat and controversial role of vegetables.

Ital J Food Saf 2018 Sep 7;7(3):7692. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Umbria e delle Marche "Togo Rosati", Perugia (PG), Italy.

Nitrate and nitrite content was determined on a total of 900 samples of vegetables and cured meat and the nitrite and nitrate exposure assessment was evaluated for central Italy population based on the food consumption data reported by the national dietary surveys. The highest average content of nitrate was detected in rocket salad (4415 mg/kg) and radish (3817 mg/kg) and for cured meat in "Bresaola" (188 mg/kg) and in Bacon (178 mg/kg). The nitrite content was negligible both in vegetables than in cured meat. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Olive mill wastewater phenolic concentrate as natural antioxidant against lipid-protein oxidative deterioration in chicken meat during storage.

Ital J Food Saf 2018 Sep 27;7(3):7342. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Perugia.

Considering that many plant-derived substances show antioxidant and antimicrobial properties, natural antioxidant administered through feed in livestock animals could increase the shelf life of meat and meat products. The aim of this work was to study the effect of olive oil by-products on chicken meat lipid and protein oxidation and oxidative stability during storage. Two hundred and ninety-seven 22-day-old fast growing (Ross 308) female chicks were randomly assigned to three experimental grower-finisher diets: i) a basal control diet (CTR), ii) CTR diet supplemented with a low dosage (4. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Seroepidemiological evaluation of immunity among the general population in southwest of Iran.

J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 23;42(4):636-642. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Student Research Committee, Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.

Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan zoonotic infection, caused by a unicellular protozoan parasite known as () that belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa. The present investigation was aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of infection in the general population of Abadan city. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 496 subjects were participated. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Dietary intake and food sources of one-carbon metabolism nutrients in preschool aged children.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Background: It is hypothesised that epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation may underlie the relationship between early-life nutrition and child cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to identify dietary patterns associated with the intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients in children aged 2-3 years.

Methods: A validated 120-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires at 2-3 years of age were used to estimate the intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients (methionine, folate, choline and vitamins B2, B6, B12) and to quantify mean number of serves consumed of the food groups specified by the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Impact of Individual Traits, Saturated Fat, and Protein Source on the Gut Microbiome.

MBio 2018 Dec 11;9(6). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA

Interindividual variation in the composition of the human gut microbiome was examined in relation to demographic and anthropometric traits, and to changes in dietary saturated fat intake and protein source. One hundred nine healthy men and women aged 21 to 65, with BMIs of 18 to 36, were randomized, after a two-week baseline diet, to high (15% total energy [E])- or low (7%E)-saturated-fat groups and randomly received three diets (four weeks each) in which the protein source (25%E) was mainly red meat (beef, pork) (12%E), white meat (chicken, turkey) (12%E), and nonmeat sources (nuts, beans, soy) (16%E). Taxonomic characterization using 16S ribosomal DNA was performed on fecal samples collected at each diet completion. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Acute Toxoplasma gondii infection alters the number of neurons and the proportion of enteric glial cells in the duodenum in Wistar rats.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2018 Dec 10:e13523. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.

Background: Toxoplasma gondii infection can occur through the ingestion of raw meat that contains tissue cysts or food that contains oocysts. Through the ingestion of oocysts, the parasite crosses the intestinal barrier, where the enteric nervous system is located. The objective was to investigate the kinetics of neuronal and glial responses during acute T. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in veterinarians in Finland: Older age, living in the countryside, tasting beef during cooking and not doing small animal practice associated with seropositivity.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Practising veterinary medicine has an inherent risk of exposure to zoonotic agents, including the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. We screened sera of veterinarians authorized to work in Finland for the presence of specific immunoglobulin G antibodies against T. gondii with an enzyme-linked fluorescent assay, and evaluated potential risk factors for T. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Amperometric sensing of nitrite at nanomolar concentrations by using carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes modified with titanium nitride nanoparticles.

Mikrochim Acta 2018 Dec 10;186(1). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, 106, Taiwan, Republic of China.

A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with a nanocomposite prepared from carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (c-MWCNT) and titanium nitride (TiN) nanoparticles to obtain a sensor for nitrite. The nanocomposite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, elemental mapping, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. Electrochemical studies results show the modified GCE to possess a low electrochemical resistance (Rct = 7 Ω) and a large electroactive surface (A = 0. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Rice intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: the Singapore Chinese Health Study.

Eur J Nutr 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore, Singapore.

Purpose: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing in Asian populations. White rice is a common staple food in these populations and results from several studies suggest that high white rice consumption increases T2D risk. We assessed whether rice, noodles and bread intake was associated with T2D risk in an ethnic Chinese population. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Impact of chronic dietary red meat, white meat, or non-meat protein on trimethylamine N-oxide metabolism and renal excretion in healthy men and women.

Eur Heart J 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Aims: Carnitine and choline are major nutrient precursors for gut microbiota-dependent generation of the atherogenic metabolite, trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO). We performed randomized-controlled dietary intervention studies to explore the impact of chronic dietary patterns on TMAO levels, metabolism and renal excretion.

Methods And Results: Volunteers (N = 113) were enrolled in a randomized 2-arm (high- or low-saturated fat) crossover design study. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Spatial and Temporal Variation of the Blowflies Community (Diptera: Calliphoridae) From an Urban Area in Northern South America.

J Med Entomol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias Forenses y Salud-GICFS, Tecnológico de Antioquia-Institución Universitaria, Medellín, Colombia.

Blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are necrophagous flies with ecological, medical, veterinary, and forensic importance. These flies carry pathogens that they spread to animals and humans, and produce myiasis. Furthermore, they are useful tools in forensic science as indicators of postmortem intervals, and in biomedicine they are successfully used in larval therapy. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Characteristics of third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella from retail chicken meat produced by integrated broiler operations.

Poult Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.

Integrated broiler operations, which control and operate vertically through all phases of the chicken industry, have applied biosecurity and sanitation practices, housing technologies, feeding regimens, and antibiotic applications in different ways to improve food safety. The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Salmonella isolates recovered from 6 different integrated broiler operations and to analyze the characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)- and plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase (pAmpC)-producing Salmonella isolates. Among 336 chicken meat samples, 57 were observed to be positive for Salmonella. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Mapping of QTL for chicken body weight, carcass composition, and meat quality traits in a slow-growing line.

Poult Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

BOA, INRA, Université de Tours, 37380 Nouzilly, France.

Slow-growing chicken lines are valuable genetic resources for the development of well-perceived alternative free-range production. While there is no constraint on increasing growth rate, breeding programs have to evolve in order to include new traits improving the positioning of such lines in the growing market for parts and processed products. In this study, we used dense genotyping to fine map QTL for chicken growth, body composition, and meat quality traits in view of developing new tools for selection of a slow-growing line. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Food groups and intermediate disease markers: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized trials.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Sep;108(3):576-586

Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Nuthetal, Germany.

Background: In previous meta-analyses of prospective observational studies, we investigated the association between food groups and risk of chronic disease.

Objective: The aim of the present network meta-analysis (NMA) was to assess the effects of these food groups on intermediate-disease markers across randomized intervention trials.

Design: Literature searches were performed until January 2018. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Bayesian hierarchical model for comparison of different nonlinear function and genetic parameter estimates of meat quails.

Poult Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agronomy Eliseu Maciel, Federal University of Pelotas, PO Box 354, 96010-900 Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

This study aimed to compare different nonlinear functions to describe the growth curve of European quails and to estimate growth curve parameters, (co)variance components, and genetic and systematic effects that affected the curve using a hierarchical Bayesian model that allows joint estimation. Three different models were fitted in the first stage (Gompertz, Logístic, and von Bertalanffy). The analyzed data set had 45,965 records of 6,838 meat quails selected for higher body weight at 42 d of age for 15 successive generations, weighed at birth, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 42 d of age. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Effect of β-lactam antibiotic resistance gene expression on the radio-resistance profile of O157:H7.

Heliyon 2018 Dec 1;4(12):e00999. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Research Laboratories in Sciences Applied to Food, Canadian Irradiation Center, INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Institute of Nutraceutical and Functional Foods, 531 Boulevard des Prairies, Laval, Québec, H7V 1B7, Canada.

Some pathogens might develop favorable global adaptation in response to certain stress treatments resulting in enhanced virulence and/or resistance to a different stress. β-lactam resistance, as well as and genes involved in this resistance, were studied to evaluate their possible role in O157:H7 () radioresistance. adapted to 25, 15 or 7 μg/mL of kanamycin or carbenicillin, were produced and treated with sensitization (0. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Complete Genome Sequence of Moraxella bovis Strain Epp-63 (300), an Etiologic Agent of Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Aug 30;7(8). Epub 2018 Aug 30.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (USMARC), Clay Center, Nebraska, USA.

We report here the complete closed genome sequence of Moraxella bovis strain Epp-63 (300) (Epp63). This strain was isolated from an infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) case in 1963. Since then, Epp63 has been used extensively for IBK research. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Complete Closed Genome Sequences of Three Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica Serovar Dublin Strains Isolated from Cattle at Harvest.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 29;7(21). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

USDA ARS Environmental Microbial Food Safety Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, USA.

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Dublin is a host-adapted pathogen for cattle that can cause invasive disease in humans. To facilitate genomic comparisons characterizing virulence determinants of this pathogen, we present the complete genome sequences of three S. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Complete Genome Sequences of the Arcobacter cryaerophilus Strains ATCC 43158 and ATCC 49615.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 21;7(20). Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Meat Safety and Quality Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Clay Center, Nebraska, USA.

Arcobacter cryaerophilus was originally recovered from aborted bovine and porcine fetuses, but it has been subsequently isolated from meat, water, and human clinical samples. This study describes the complete whole-genome sequences of two A. cryaerophilus strains, ATCC 43158 (=A 169/B =LMG 24291) and ATCC 49615 (=CDC D2610 =LMG 10829). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read