108,991 results match your criteria Mandibular Cysts and Odontogenic Tumors


The effect of unilateral lingual nerve injury on the kinematics of mastication in pigs.

Arch Oral Biol 2018 Nov 22;98:226-237. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Irvine Hall 228, Athens, OH, 45701, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: This study evaluates the effect of unilateral lingual sensory loss on the spatial and temporal dynamics of jaw movements during pig chewing.

Design: X-ray Reconstruction of Moving Morphology (XROMM) was used to reconstruct the 3-dimensional jaw movements of 6 pigs during chewing before and after complete unilateral lingual nerve transection. The effect of the transection were evaluated at the temporal and spatial level using Multiple Analysis of Variance. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Comparative study of immediate loading on short dental implants and conventional dental implants in the posterior mandible: A randomized clinical trial.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: Immediate dental implant loading has been investigated with favorable results. However, short implants have not been investigated in this treatment option. This study compared the clinical outcomes and survival rates of immediately loaded short and conventional length dental implants in replacing mandibular molar teeth. Read More

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December 2018

Mandible reconstruction with patient-specific implants: Case report of five consecutive patients.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The purpose of this case report was to assess whether patient-specific implants (PSI: Xillocs) and soft tissue flaps contribute in reconstructing large mandibular defects. Five patients with a medical situation and history not suitable for free microvascular bone flaps were operated with PSI and evaluated. The mean follow-up time was 12 months. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Micro-ATR FTIR, SEM-EDS and X-ray micro-CT: an innovative multi-technique approach to investigate bone affected by peri-implantitis.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The aim of this work was to prove the synergic complementarity of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (micro-ATR FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and x-ray computed microtomography (micro-CT) by studying implant samples with bone affected by peri-implantitis.

Materials And Methods: Six samples of implanted bone affected by peri-implantitis and one control healthy bone were analyzed. Thick bone sections included in epoxy-resin and removed implants were analyzed by micro-ATR FTIR, SEM-EDS, and micro-CT. Read More

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December 2018

Instrument Selection and Application Used to Probe Dental Implants.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to survey clinicians' choice of peri-implant instrument selection and the application used to probe dental implants as well as to evaluate peri-implant probing force and pressure applied as compared to that reported in current literature.

Materials And Methods: 48 clinicians (16 periodontists/periodontal residents, 16 restorative dentists and 16 hygienists) participated in the study. A questionnaire to determine the frequency and method of probing dental implants was provided and subject to the Chi-square test. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Prophylaxis of osteonecrosis in the case of patients treated with bisphosphonates: A review paper.

Dent Med Probl 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Bisphosphonates are a group of medicines used in the treatment of oncological osteoporosis, Paget disease and osteogenesis imperfecta. They significantly interfere with the regeneration processes of bone tissue and have a tendency to accumulate in the areas of increased bone remodeling, i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of Hedgehog Signaling Pathway Activation for Craniofacial Bone Regeneration in a Critical-Sized Rat Mandibular Defect.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.

Importance: Osseous craniofacial defects are currently reconstructed with bone grafting, rigid fixation, free tissue transfer, and/or recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2. Although these treatment options often have good outcomes, they are associated with substantial morbidity, and many patients are not candidates for free tissue transfer.

Objective: To assess whether polysaccharide-based scaffold (PS) constructs that are cross-linked with smoothened agonist (SAG), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP-6) would substantially increase bone regeneration. Read More

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December 2018

Are Increased Masticatory Forces Risk for Primary 2nd Molars without Successors? A 3D FEA Study.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Objective: Persistent primary teeth with healthy crown-root structures and acceptable functional and esthetic properties may be preserved over a long-term period if needed. However, they may experience root resorption, ankylosis or infraocclusion especially in the second or third decades of life. Despite a lack of sufficient detailed data, increases in occlusal forces by age are known to cause destructive stresses on root surfaces and periodontal tissue. Read More

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December 2018

Perceptions and experiences of patients following treatment with single-implant mandibular overdentures: a qualitative study.

Clin Oral Implants Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Dentistry, Federal University of Goias, Goiania, Goias, Brazil.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the perceptions and long-term experiences of edentulous patients rehabilitated with single-implant mandibular overdentures (SIMO).

Methods: Thirteen participants, mean age 65.7 years, 69. Read More

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December 2018

Distinctive role of ACVR1 in dentin formation: requirement for dentin thickness in molars and prevention of osteodentin formation in incisors of mice.

J Mol Histol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Oral Pathology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China.

Dentin is a major component of teeth that protects dental pulp and maintains tooth health. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling is required for the formation of dentin. Mice lacking a BMP type I receptor, activin A receptor type 1 (ACVR1), in the neural crest display a deformed mandible. Read More

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December 2018
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Surgical or conservative treatment for mandibular condyle fractures.

Medwave 2018 Nov 26;18(7):e7352. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Servicio Maxilofacial, Hospital Clínico San Borja Arriarán, Santiago, Chile; Departamento de Cirugía y Traumatología Bucal y Maxilofacial, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Chile; Proyecto Epistemonikos, Santiago, Chile. Email: Address: Centro Evidencia UC, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Diagonal Paraguay 476, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Maxillofacial fractures are associated with significant morbidity, loss of function and aesthetic sequelae, among others. Within mandibular fractures, mandibular condylar fractures are the most frequent. These can be treated by surgical treatment or conservative treatment (orthopedic). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Alveolar Ridge Expansion: Comparison of Osseodensification and Conventional Osteotome Techniques.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY.

Objective: The aim of this in vivo study is to compare the osseointegration of endosteal implants placed in atrophic mandibular alveolar ridges with alveolar ridge expansion surgical protocol via an experimental osseodensification drilling versus conventional osteotome technique.

Methods: Twelve endosteal implants, 4 mm × 13 mm, were placed in porcine models in horizontally atrophic mandibular ridges subsequent to prior extraction of premolars. Implants were placed with osseodensification drilling technique as the experimental group (n = 6) and osteotome site preparation as the control group (n = 6). Read More

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November 2018

Surgery-First Orthognathic Surgery for Severe Facial Asymmetry Combined With Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis Using a Three-Dimensional Internal Distractor.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Police Hospital.

Severe facial asymmetry in adults with hemifacial microsomia or other types of mandibular hypoplasia is challenging to treat with simultaneous maxillomandibular distraction osteogenesis using an external distractor combined with intermaxillary fixation (IMF). Using an external distractor also produces significant distress for patients for at least 8 weeks. Furthermore, mandibular-driven distraction tends to elongate the midface, with difficulty positioning of the center of the maxilla in the center of the face and horizontalization of the occlusal plane. Read More

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November 2018

Supplemental Internal Wire Suspension in Orthognathic Surgery Fixation.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Nandhine Dental Center, Chennai, India.

Internal wire suspensions were previously used in the management of maxillary trauma and orthognathic surgery, but currently the gold standard is rigid internal fixation with bone plates and screws. The authors report a case of bimaxillary osteotomy in a skeletal class III patient where a supplemental circum-zygomatic-mandibular suspension was done to stabilize the maxilla because of the instability after rigid internal fixation due to poor bone thickness. Read More

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November 2018

The Fate of the Mandibular Reconstruction Plate.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Ghazi Al Hariri Tertiary Referral Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq.

To preserve the continuity of the mandible after resection or traumatic bone loss, the defect is usually reconstructed with a bone graft fixed by a reconstruction plate. The fate of these plates is the objective of this study. Twenty-three patients (4 females and 19 males) required a reconstructive procedure to restore the discontinuity defect in the mandible by a mandibular reconstruction plate. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of the Effects of Two Different Analgesics on Bone Regeneration During Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Necmettin Erbakan, Konya, Turkey.

Introduction: Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) is frequently used in the management of bone defects and craniofacial deformities, with analgesics commonly administered to relieve acute postoperative pain. This experimental animal study investigated the effects of 2 analgesics, acetaminophen and acemetacin, on bone regeneration after DO.

Materials And Methods: This study was conducted with 14 mature male New Zealand rabbits (2. Read More

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November 2018

Ability to detect endodontic complications using three different CBCT units with and without artefact reduction modes: an ex vivo study.

Int Endod J 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: To assess observer performance in detecting endodontic complications using three different CBCT units with and without the application of artefact reduction modes.

Methodology: The study involved 40 freshly extracted human mandibular teeth (n=10 per group) and divided randomly into four endodontic complication groups. Group 1) Instrument fracture; Group 2) Strip perforation; Group 3) Canal underfilling; Group 4) Canal overfilling. Read More

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December 2018

Hyperglycemia Induces Osteoclastogenesis and Bone Destruction Through the Activation of Ca/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II.

Calcif Tissue Int 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.

Hyperglycemia induces osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption through complicated, undefined mechanisms. Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) promotes osteoclastogenesis, and could be activated by hyperglycemia. Here, we investigated whether CaMKII is involved in hyperglycemia-induced osteoclastogenesis and subsequent bone resorption. Read More

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December 2018

Vertical distraction osteogenesis of a reconstructed mandible with a free vascularized fibula flap: a report of two cases.

Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Dec 15;40(1):32. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

1Division of Reconstructive Surgery for Oral and Maxillofacial Region, Department of Tissue Regeneration and Reconstruction, Course for Oral Life Science, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 2-5274, Gakkocho-Dori, Chuo-Ku, Niigata, 951-8514 Japan.

Background: The free vascularized fibula flap presents many advantages such as sufficient length of the bony segment, good vascularization, better quality of the bone, and a long vascular pedicle, but it is also associated with some disadvantages with regard to prosthetic rehabilitation because of its limited height. Improvement in bone height is necessary for ideal dental implant treatment of reconstructed mandibles.

Case Presentation: For two squamous cell carcinoma patients, mandibular bone reconstruction was performed secondarily with the peroneal flap after tumor resection. Read More

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December 2018

Primary free fibula reconstruction in life-threatening haemorrhage from high flow arteriovenous malformation of mandible.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):222-230

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: High flow arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the mandible is rare, but it can present as a life-threatening emergency with severe intraoral bleeding for the first time. The gold standard of treatment for an AVM of the mandible is selective embolisation combined with resection and subsequent reconstructions. With the advent of advanced multidisciplinary techniques aimed at definitive therapy, surgical resection and primary reconstruction can provide an ideal anatomical and functional cure. Read More

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December 2018

Defining giant mandibular ameloblastomas - Is a separate clinical sub-entity warranted?

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):208-215

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Context: The term giant mandibular ameloblastoma (GMAs) while being in popular usage in the medical literature remains largely equivocal. Although a few authors have in the past attempted to ascribe definite criteria to this entity, these are by and large arbitrary and without any benefit in decision-making or contributing to its management.

Aims: The aim of this study is to propose a set of objective criteria for GMAs that can be clinically correlated and thereby aid in the management of this entity. Read More

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December 2018

Prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous mandible with two-implant retained fixed hybrid prosthesis: A case report.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1828-1832

Section of Dentistry, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital.

Removable complete dentures have been the most costeffective treatment option for edentulous jaws since decades. However, certain problems are encountered by the patients such as stability of the lower dentures resulting in poor masticatory efficiency. Ridge resorption and inadequate bony support are the long-term complications comprising the stability of the denture and patient finding it difficult to control denture movement during speaking and eating reducing patient compliance. Read More

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December 2018
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Overutilization of Computed Tomography for Odontogenic Infections.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Professor, University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL.

Purpose: There is clear overuse of computed tomography (CT) in the emergency setting, which is associated with a long-term potential for malignancy. This study aimed to determine the rate of overuse of CT for odontogenic infection workup and the correlation of history and physical examination (H&P) findings to diagnose moderate- to high-risk infections.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was implemented to determine the rate of overuse of CT for odontogenic infections. Read More

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November 2018

Associated Injuries Are Frequent and Severe Among Geriatric Patients With Zygomatico-Orbital Fractures.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Purpose: Associated injuries (AIs) are hypothesized to be frequent in geriatric zygomatico-orbital (ZMO) fractures. The study aim was to determine the relation between ZMO fractures and AIs in geriatric patients compared with younger adult patients.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective case-and-control study was carried out on geriatric patients at least 65 years of age (n = 93) and younger adult patients 20 to 30 years of age (n = 68) diagnosed with pure unilateral ZMO fractures. Read More

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November 2018

Is predicting masticatory function based on mandibular bone atrophy as defined by clinical and radiographic parameters possible? A clinical study.

J Prosthet Dent 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Pelotas, Brazil. Electronic address:

Statement Of Problem: The degree of mandibular bone atrophy can guide and determine the choice of prosthetic treatment. Although several methodologies have been proposed for classifying atrophy, the clinical and radiographic parameters considered for the classification of mandibular bone atrophy should be standardized.

Purpose: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the influence of methodologies of mandibular bone atrophy categorization on the masticatory function in complete denture (CD) wearers and to verify the relationship between these parameters according to the retention and stability of the mandibular CD. Read More

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November 2018

Embolization of Hemorrhagic Hepatocellular Carcinoma to the Mandible.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 Dec;29(12):1671

Department of Radiology, Kaiser Permanente South San Francisco, 1200 El Camino Real, South San Francisco, CA 94080.

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December 2018

Mycobacterium genavense Infection in a Domestic Ferret (Mustela putorius furo).

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Dec 10;33(4):119-121. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna (IZSLER), 25124 Brescia, Italy.

Mycobacterium genavense infection was diagnosed in an adult ferret with ptosis of the left eye, a proliferative lesion of the conjunctiva of the nictitating membrane, conjunctival swelling, and tumefaction of the periorbital tissues with a watery ocular discharge and the presence of a retrobulbar mass. The diagnosis was based on characteristic cytology of the retrobulbar mass and left mandibular lymph node that revealed granulomatous inflammation. Ziehl-Neelsen staining showed the presence of positive acid-fast bacilli in the cytoplasm of the macrophages. Read More

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December 2018

Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive or silk suture for closure of surgical wound following removal of an impacted mandibular third molar: A randomized controlled study.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Aim: The aim of the study was to compare postoperative sequelae and wound healing outcome following closure of surgical wound with either cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive or silk suture.

Methods: Subjects with mesio-angularly impacted mandibular third molar were allocated randomly into 2 equal groups. The control group had wound closure with silk suture and study group with cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive. Read More

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November 2018

Retention Force and Wear Characteristics of three Attachment Systems after Dislodging Cycles.

Braz Dent J 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):576-582

Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

Several attachment systems for mandibular implant-supported overdentures are currently available and studies are required to understand their mechanical properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the retention force and wear characteristics of three attachment systems in a simulation of the cyclic dislodging of implant-supported overdentures. Thirty samples were fabricated and divided into 3 groups: 1-O-ring; 2-Mini Ball; and 3-Equator. Read More

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January 2018

Dentoalveolar Evaluation of Lower Incisors by CBCT after Treatment with Herbst Appliance.

Braz Dent J 2018 Nov-Dec;29(6):562-568

Department of Orthodontics, Universidade Positivo, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Herbst appliance on the proclination and protrusion of the lower incisors, and to verify if the device causes alveolar bone loss in the anterior region of the mandible. This is a retrospective study. The sample consisted of 35 individuals. Read More

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February 2018
3 Reads

Antibacterial Efficacy of Synthetic and Natural-Derived Novel Endodontic Irrigant Solutions.

Braz Dent J 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):459-464

Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, UPF - Universidade de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of grape seed extract (GSE), calcium hypochlorite [Ca(ClO)2], and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) irrigant solutions with rotary or reciprocating instrumentation for disinfection of root canals inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis. The mesiobuccal root canals of mandibular molars were prepared and inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis for 21 days. The roots were then randomly divided into the following eight experimental groups (n=11) according to the instrumentation technique and disinfection protocol: ProTaper Next or Reciproc R25 with sodium chloride (control group), 6% NaOCl, 6% Ca(ClO)2, or 50% GSE used for irrigation during instrumentation. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Association of facial massage, dry needling, and laser therapy in Temporomandibular Disorder: case report.

Codas 2018 Nov 29;30(6):e20170265. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Universidade do Vale do Paraíba - UNIVAP - São José dos Campos (SP), Brasil.

This case report aims to evaluate the treatment of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) of muscular origin by associating facial massage (FM), dry needling (DN), and low-level laser therapy (LLLT). The pre- and post-treatment evaluations consisted of clinical examinations based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) for TMD, pain intensity quantification by means of the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), mandibular movement measurement, and electromyographic (EMG) analysis of the masseter and temporal muscles. Post-therapy assessment indicated a decrease in pain sites of 58%, in pain intensity mean (1. Read More

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November 2018

Comments on "Arterial Vascularization of the Mandibular Condyle and Fractures of the Condyle".

Authors:
Kun Hwang

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

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November 2018

Arterial Vascularization of the Mandibular Condyle.

Authors:
Gaoussou Toure

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, 40 allée de la source, Villeneuve Saint-Georges, France, URDIA -Laboratoire d'anatomie, University Paris 12, 45 rue des Saints-Pères, Paris 75006, France, Tel: +33 143 862 128; Fax: 33 143862414; Email:

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November 2018

Differences in heritability of craniofacial skeletal and dental characteristics between hypo- and hyper-divergent patterns using Falconer's method and principal component analysis.

Angle Orthod 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Objectives:: To investigate the difference in heritability of craniofacial skeletal and dental characteristics between hypodivergent and hyperdivergent patterns.

Materials And Methods:: 53 Korean adult monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins and their siblings were divided into a hypodivergent group (Group 1, SN-MP < 35°, 17 MZ pairs; 11 DZ and sibling [DS] pairs of the same gender) and hyper-divergent group (Group 2, SN-MP > 35°, 16 MZ pairs; 9 DS pairs of the same gender). A total of 56 cephalometric variables were measured using lateral cephalographs. Read More

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December 2018

Finite Element Stress Analysis of Applied Forces to Implants and Supporting Tissues Using the "All-on-Four" Concept with Different Occlusal Schemes.

J Prosthodont 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Prosthodontics, Akdeniz University Faculty of Dentistry, Antalya, Türkiye.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate stress distributions on implants and alveolar bone due to occlusal load produced during chewing by prostheses prepared according to the All-on-Four concept with different occlusal schemes using a finite element analysis method.

Materials And Methods: On standard jaw models, teeth were set in accordance with the basic standards of canine-guided occlusion, group function occlusion, bilateral balanced occlusion (BBO), lingualized occlusion, and monoplane occlusion schemes. Three-dimensional (3D) images of these models were obtained using a surface scanner. Read More

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December 2018

Russell-Silver syndrome with cleft palate: a case report.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Minami-kogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi, 755-8505, Japan.

Background: Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, short stature without postnatal catch-up growth, and an inverted triangular face with relative macrocephaly. There have been few case reports of RSS with cleft palate, in which perioperative problems such as difficult intubation due to trismus and impossibility to wear a mouth gag due to growth failure of the mandible were described. The case of a female RSS patient with cleft palate who underwent palatoplasty is reported. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Immediate non-occlusal versus delayed loading of mandibular first molars. Five-year results from a randomised controlled trial.

Eur J Oral Implantol 2018 ;11(4):409-418

Purpose: To compare outcomes of immediate non-occlusal loading with delayed implant loading in the bilateral replacement of mandibular first molars.

Materials And Methods: This study was designed as a split-mouth, randomised controlled trial. Twenty patients with bilaterally missing mandibular first molars randomly received immediately or conventionally loaded single implants. Read More

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January 2018

Short implants versus longer implants in vertically augmented posterior mandibles: result at 8 years after loading from a randomised controlled trial.

Eur J Oral Implantol 2018 ;11(4):385-395

Purpose: To evaluate whether 6.6-mm long implants could be a suitable alternative to longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic posterior mandibles.

Materials And Methods: Sixty partially edentulous patients having 7 to 8 mm of residual crestal height and at least 5. Read More

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January 2018

Opinions and Treatment Decisions for Dental Erosive Wear: A Questionnaire Survey among Icelandic Dentists.

Int J Dent 2018 1;2018:8572371. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Nordic Institute of Dental Materials (NIOM), Oslo, Norway.

Dental erosive wear (DEW) is common among children and adolescents, and a survey of Icelandic children showed that 30.7% of 15-year-olds were diagnosed with the condition. To gain knowledge about dental practitioners' experiences, opinions, and treatment decisions. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of Food Fineness by the Bionic Tongue Distributed Mechanical Testing Device.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 3;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

College of Automation Engineering, Northeast Electric Power University, Jilin 132012, China.

In this study, to obtain a texture perception that is closer to the human sense, we designed eight bionic tongue indenters based on the law of the physiology of mandibular movements and tongue movements features, set up a bionic tongue distributed mechanical testing device, performed in vitro simulations to obtain the distributed mechanical information over the tongue surface, and preliminarily constructed a food fineness perception evaluation model. By capturing a large number of tongue movements during chewing, we analyzed and simulated four representative tongue movement states including the tiled state, sunken state, raised state, and overturned state of the tongue. By analyzing curvature parameters and the Gauss curvature of the tongue surface, we selected the regional circle of interest. Read More

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December 2018

Combined Endodontic and Surgical Treatment of Dens Invaginatus-Associated Extraoral Fistula: A Case Report with Seven-year Follow-up.

N Y State Dent J 2016 Aug;82(5):44-47

Dens invaginatus (dens in dente) is a developmental malformation of permanent or deciduous teeth that has various complex forms. It most commonly affects permanent maxillary lateral incisor teeth, and rarely affects the mandibular teeth. In this report, a rare case of dens invaginatus of a mandibular lateral tooth with an extraoral fistula is presented. Read More

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Management of Cervical Root Fracture in Mandibular Central Incisor: A Case Report.

N Y State Dent J 2016 Nov;82(6):47-49

Root fractures are relatively uncommon injuries, but they represent a complex healing pattern due to concomitant injury to the pulp, periodontal ligament, dentin and cementum. This report presents a case of successful treatment of cervical root fracture in a mandibular central incisor with the help of guttapercha and MTA Filapex sealer. Read More

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November 2016

Dental Findings and Functional Prosthesis use in Child with Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Case Report.

N Y State Dent J 2016 Nov;82(6):39-42

Fabrication of maxillary and mandibular esthetic functional prostheses in a 5-year-old female patient with ectodermal dysplasia is reported. This report presents, clinically and radiographically, the orofacial manifestations of a child diagnosed with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, along with the construction of removable prosthetic devices. Read More

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November 2016

Role of extra oral monofocal distractor device in the correction of the facial asymmetry, sleep apnoea, and quality of life associated with TMJ Ankylosis.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

MDS, Professor and Head Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center, Moradabad, UP, India. Electronic address:

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of primary osteo-distraction prior to ankylosis release in patients, diagnosed with sleep apnoea, facial asymmetry, and reduced quality of life secondary to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis.

Methods: Ten patients in the age group of 13-40 years with TMJ ankylosis underwent primary osteo-distraction for mandibular advancement. They were evaluated pre- and post-operatively using radiographs, various questionnaires, and subjective evaluation of facial asymmetry, sleep apnoea, and quality of life (QOL). Read More

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December 2018

Flapless extraction and immediate implant placed into a mandibular molar site: a clinical case report and five year follow up.

Authors:
Zuhair Natto

J Oral Implantol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

1 Tufts University School of Medicine Periodontology Tufts University School o Dental Medicine.

The longevity of an immediate implant placement in a molar area with the flapless extraction technique has not yet been deeply investigated, and only a few studies have previously been published. This article describes a successful case of immediate implant placement with a follow-up evaluation after more than five years. An immediate implant was placed in a fresh socket after an atraumatic extraction with no flap elevation. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Discussion: Early Mandibular Distraction in Craniofacial Microsomia and Need for Orthognathic Correction at Skeletal Maturity: A Comparative Long-Term Follow-Up Study.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov;142(5):1294-1298

New Haven, Conn. From Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Yale School of Medicine.

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November 2018

Early Mandibular Distraction in Craniofacial Microsomia and Need for Orthognathic Correction at Skeletal Maturity: A Comparative Long-Term Follow-Up Study.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov;142(5):1285-1293

Philadelphia, Pa. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Background: Controversy exists regarding the treatment of mandibular hypoplasia in craniofacial microsomia patients, notably the role of mandibular distraction osteogenesis. The authors compared the need for orthognathic surgery in skeletally mature craniofacial microsomia subjects who either did (study group) or did not (control group) undergo early mandibular distraction osteogenesis.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all craniofacial microsomia patients evaluated between January of 1993 and March of 2017. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Shouldering the load of mandible reconstruction: 81 cases of oromandibular reconstruction with the scapular tip free flap.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, London Health Sciences Centre, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The scapular tip free flap (STFF) is becoming more popular for oromandibular reconstruction. This article reviewed the early and late outcomes in a larger series over 9 years.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of all consecutive patients who underwent oromandibular reconstruction using the STFF at London Health Sciences Centre. Read More

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December 2018
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