5,927 results match your criteria Mandible Fractures


Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(6):1469-1474


Objective: The aim: Improving the ability to restore the shape and function of the bones of the maxillofacial area through the use of their own techniques.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: Materials and methods: This research was carry out on the basis of the Department of Surgical Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery of Kharkov National Medical University in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Kharkov "Regional Clinical Hospital" (2018-2020 years). Examination and treatment of 26 patients, aged from 19 to 55 years, who needed reconstructive surgery to restore the anatomical shape, integrity and function of the maxilla or mandibular jaw. Read More

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Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(6):1372-1375


Objective: The aim: To establish the possibilities and advantages of cone-beam tomography in the primary diagnostic of mandibular fractures within the dental row compared with traditional methods of radiation diagnosis.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: The research was performed involving of 28 patients who had traumatic injuries of the maxillofacial area. The age of the victims was 18-56 years. Read More

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Role of Superficial Cervical Plexus Nerve Block as an Adjuvant to Local Anesthesia in the Maxillofacial Surgical Practice.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Assistant professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai.

Purpose: Infiltration techniques are used as an adjuvant to regional anesthesia. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the superficial cervical plexus nerve block; as an alternative to local infiltration techniques; in the management of mandibular fractures and peri-mandibular space infections.

Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted on 24 patients having either mandibular fractures or peri-mandibular space infections; and were scheduled for surgery under regional anesthesia (eg, inferior alveolar nerve block, long buccal nerve block). Read More

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Prolonged Hypophosphatemia and Intensive Care After Curative Surgery of Tumor Induced Osteomalacia: A Case Report.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 3;12:686135. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Endocrinology, Abdominal Center, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Introduction: Rare FGF23-producing mesenchymal tumors lead to paraneoplastic tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) presenting with phosphate wasting, hypophosphatemia, chronic hypomineralization of the bone, fragility fractures and muscle weakness. Diagnosis of TIO requires exclusion of other etiologies and careful search for a mesenchymal tumor that often is very small and can appear anywhere in the body. Surgical removal of the tumor is the only definitive treatment of TIO. Read More

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Assessment of complications of the open treatment of mandibular condylar fractures

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 06;71(6):1689-1692

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

The objective of our study was to analyze the complications of open treatment of mandibular condylar fractures operated via various surgical approaches. Thirtyeight patients with 42 fracture sides having moderate to severely displaced condylar fractures were studied. Open treatment was performed, and patients were assessed for complications of open treatment in terms of facial nerve paresis, unaesthetic scar, salivary fistula/sialocele. Read More

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Prediction of mortality in severely injured patients with facial bone fractures.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Dentistry, Institute of Postgraduate Education, O. Bogomolets National Medical University, 34, Peremohy Avenue, the 2nd floor of the "physical-chemical" building, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Purpose: Identify the most common concomitant injuries associated with facial trauma, and compare the efficacy of various scoring systems in estimation of mortality risks in this category of patients.

Methods: The study evaluated patients with facial and concomitant injuries, who received the multidisciplinary treatment in a specialized trauma hospital. Values of New Injury Severity Score, Glasgow Coma Scale, Facial Injury Severity Scale, age, and length of hospital stay were statistically analysed to determine presence of relationships between these indicators and define factors that significantly associated with lethal outcome. Read More

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A new classification of mandibular fractures.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Liverpool Head and Neck Centre, Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.

There is no accepted method of reporting mandibular fracture that reflects incidence, treatment and outcome for individual cases. As most series include anatomical site only for all fractures, the aim was to establish a new method to report fractures based on a systematic review of the literature and an internal audit. The classification proposed is: Class I; condyle, II; angle, IIc; II+condyle, III; body/symphysis, IIIc; III+condyle, IV; multiple fractures not including condyle, IVc; IV+condyle, V; bilateral condyle±other fracture(s). Read More

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Evaluation of the detectability of early mandible fracture healing findings in terms of vitality aspect by using micro-CT technology in postmortem interval.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Jun 1;52:101914. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Ankara University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of DentoMaxillofacial Radiology, Ankara, Turkey.

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the vitality aspect of mandibular fractures using micro-CT in the analysis of bone mineral density and other bone microstructure trabecular parameters in the postmortem interval. This study included 72 female Wistar rats. In the study groups, the rats' mandibles were first fractured and after three days of living, the rats were sacrificed. Read More

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Combined Symphyseal and Condylar Fractures: Considerations for Treatment in Growing Pediatric Patients.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital; the Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital; and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rush Medical College of Rush University.

Background: Combined symphyseal-condylar mandible fractures are relatively common but difficult to manage in children. This study investigated the cause and management of symphyseal-condylar fractures in pediatric patients.

Methods: This study presents a retrospective review and expert opinion of pediatric symphyseal-condylar mandibular fracture management at the authors' institution between 1990 and 2019. Read More

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Recurrent mandibular fractures: a retrospective study over 17 years on aetiology, demographics, fracture patterns, and management.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Darwin Hospital, Tiwi, Northern Territory, Australia.

Recurrent fractures of the mandible are rare, however in Darwin, Australia, their occurrence is relatively frequent. This retrospective study identified 127 patients with 148 recurrent mandibular fractures treated at Royal Darwin Hospital between 2000 and 2017. Age, sex, ethnicity, marital status, aetiology, risk factors, anatomical location of the fractures, fracture patterns, and management of the fractures were analysed. Read More

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Volumetric Evaluated Bone Resorption After Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Condylar Head Fractures of the Mandible.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Senior physician, Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Zürich, Switzerland.

Purpose: Decision making in the management of condylar head fractures remains difficult due to its dependency on multiple factors like fracture type, degree of dislocation, patient`s age and dental condition. As open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of condylar head fractures (CHFs) becomes more popular, the question of osteosynthesis removal is controversial. So far, information on volumetric changes after ORIF are available for a short-term period (<6 months) only. Read More

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Delayed Diagnosis of Unilateral Mandibular Condylar Fracture in a Posterior Edentulous Patient.

Case Rep Dent 2021 16;2021:5579236. Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Fractures of the mandible are common in elderly patients, and among them, condylar fractures are the most frequent type. A change in occlusion is the most common physical finding in patients with fractures of the mandible. Therefore, it is challenging to identify mandibular fractures in posterior edentulous patients due to the lack of posterior occlusal contacts. Read More

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Pattern of Traumatic Dental Injuries Among Adults.

Open Access Emerg Med 2021 21;13:201-206. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Developmental and Preventive Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait.

Background: The etiology, presentation and management of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) vary significantly between the adult and the younger population. Most epidemiological studies on TDIs have focused on the pediatric age group. This study aims to report and compare the distributions of TDIs among adults in a sub-population in India. Read More

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Biomechanical Assessment of the Validity of Sheep as a Preclinical Model for Testing Mandibular Fracture Fixation Devices.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 6;9:672176. Epub 2021 May 6.

Julius Wolff Institute, Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

Mandibular fracture fixation and reconstruction are usually performed using titanium plates and screws, however, there is a need to improve current fixation techniques. Animal models represent an important step for the testing of new designs and materials. However, the validity of those preclinical models in terms of implant biomechanics remains largely unknown. Read More

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Extraoral approach to a bilateral unfavourable mandibular fracture under local anaesthesia: A case report.

Gerodontology 2021 Jun;38(2):228-231

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Objective: To present a feasible treatment method for fractures of severely atrophic mandibles in high-risk patients undergoing general anaesthesia (GA).

Case Report: A 77-year-old man presented with bilateral unfavourable fractures in an atrophic mandible. Pre-anaesthetic consultation revealed that the patient was at high risk for GA due to significant medical comorbid conditions of the patient, such as advanced age, chronic obstructive respiratory disease, diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis. Read More

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Evaluation of the Prognosis of the Teeth in the Mandibular Fracture Line.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2021 Jun 17;14(2):144-149. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of the teeth in the mandibular fracture line and to analyze the relationship between the degree of displacement of fracture fragments, the relationship of the fracture line to the periodontium, and the relationship between the condition of the teeth at the first postoperative (post-op) year.

Methods: A total of 60 teeth from 38 patients (11 female and 27 male) who had erupted teeth in the line of mandibular fracture and were treated with open reduction were examined. The data were collected from the patients' clinical records and radiographs. Read More

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Maxillofacial Bone Fractures in Children and Adolescents: Overview of 247 Cases in a Major Referral Hospital, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2021 Jun 27;14(2):126-134. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, King Khalid Hospital, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Study Design: A retrospective study investigating maxillofacial bone fractures in the pediatric and adolescent population.

Objective: The aim of this study was to present our experience in the management of pediatric facial bone fractures.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of maxillofacial bone fractures in children and adolescents between the ages <1 year and 19 years in a Saudi Arabian subpopulation. Read More

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Comparative Evaluation of Clinical and Radiological Outcomes of Retromandibular Transparotid and Transoral Endoscopic-Assisted Approach for Surgical Management of Mandibular Subcondylar Fractures.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2021 Jun 13;14(2):90-99. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MGM Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Study Design: A prospective randomized comparative study was conducted to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the retromandibular transparotid (RMT) approach with endoscopic-assisted transoral (ENDO) approach used for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of adult mandibular subcondylar fractures.

Objectives: To evaluate and compare the primary functional outcome using the Helkimo's dysfunction index, the surgical ease, the incidence of facial nerve weakness, the cosmetic outcomes and the number of complications following ORIF of mandibular subcodylar fractures using the RMT and ENDO approaches.

Methods: In this prospective study, 20 patients with unilateral/bilateral subcondylay fractures requiring ORIF were recruited between 2017 and 2018. Read More

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Do mandibular miniplates increase the risk of complex fracture in facial trauma recurrence? Case series.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2021 Jul 27;49(7):613-619. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, CHU Conception, APHM, 147 bd Baille, 13005 Marseille, France; Aix-Marseille Univ, IFSTTAR, LBA UMR_T24, bd Pierre Dramard, 13916 Marseille, France.

Whether to conserve or remove miniplates, widely used in oral and maxillofacial surgery, has not been agreed on in the literature. Complications such as pain, infection, and screw exposure or loosening have already been largely described. We present the consequences of a trauma recurrence on a mandible with miniplates. Read More

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Surgical debridement and primary closure of the oral mucosa for repair of open mandibular pars incisiva fractures in three neonatal calves.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Jun;258(11):1254-1258

Case Description: 3 neonatal female calves (ages, < 1 to 4 days) were examined because of mandibular trauma.

Clinical Findings: Physical examination indicated that each calf had an open fracture of the mandibular pars incisiva (rostral mandibular fracture) with ventral displacement of the incisors at the affected region. Oral radiographs were obtained for 1 calf and revealed that 5 incisors were fractured at the level of the apical dental buds. Read More

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Injuries in mothers hospitalised for domestic violence-related assault: a whole-population linked data study.

BMJ Open 2021 05 11;11(5):e040600. Epub 2021 May 11.

School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To retrospectively assess a cohort of mothers for characteristics of injuries that they have suffered as a result of family and domestic violence (FDV) and which have required admission to a hospital during both the intrapartum and postpartum periods.

Design And Setting: Retrospective, whole-population linked data study of FDV in Western Australia using the Western Australia birth registry from 1990 to 2009 and Hospital Morbidity Data System records from 1970 to 2013.

Main Outcome Measures: Number of hospitalisations, and mode, location and type of injuries recorded, with particular focus on the head and neck area. Read More

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Reconstruction of a pathologic fracture following osteomyelitis of the mandible using a fibula osteocutaneous flap.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2021 Apr 20;22(2):105-109. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

The use of a fibula osteocutaneous flap is currently the mainstay of segmental mandibular reconstruction. This type of flap is used to treat tumors, trauma, or osteoradionecrosis of the mandible. However, a fibula osteocutaneous flap may also be a good option for reconstructing the mandible to preserve oropharyngeal function and facial appearance in cases of pathological fracture requiring extensive segmental bone resection. Read More

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Anatomical Location of Initial and Repeat Mandible Fractures: A 5-Year, Multi-Institution Retrospective Study.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Professor and Reichmann Chair, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, OK.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate new fracture patterns resulting from low velocity mechanisms in subjects who had previously fractured their mandible and had been treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or closed reduction.

Methods And Materials: A multi-institutional retrospective cohort study was designed to analyze subjects presenting at 2 tertiary care centers with mandibular fractures with specific interest in subjects who had repeat mandible fractures. Variables recorded included demographic (age, sex, etc) data, fracture location of all fractures treated, and the location of previous fracture. Read More

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Facial Injuries Due to Cycling are Prevalent: Improved Helmet Design Offering Facial Protection is Recommended.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Attending Surgeon, Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, Regions Hospital, Saint Paul, MN.

Purpose: Safety equipment for recreational cycling is commonly designed to protect the calvarium, but not the face, in the event of a crash. The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence of facial injuries and their most common subcategories due to cycling injuries and to serve as an anatomical guide of what facial structures most need protection.

Methods: We report a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients reported to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2019. Read More

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Retrospective evaluation of pathologic fractures in medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2021 Jun 20;49(6):518-525. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to focus on the MRONJ-related pathologic fractures, their incidence, and to analyze possible causative factors for their occurrence. Pathologic fracture in patients suffering frm MRONJ were identified, examined in detail, and the patient characteristics were evaluated. In 116 patients (73 female and 43 male; mean age 62. Read More

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Association between shape of the mandibular condylar head and the occurrence of unilateral condylar fracture - A retrospective computed tomographic study.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2021 Jun 21;49(6):488-493. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College, India.

This retrospective study aims to evaluate the correlation between the shape of the mandibular condylar head and the incidence of unilateral condylar fracture using computed tomography. Medical records of patients diagnosed with unilateral condylar fractures from the year 2012-2019 were reviewed. The shape of the condylar head on the non - fractured side was analysed using a Radiant Dicom Viewer. Read More

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[Effect of conservative treatment on jaw symmetry of children with unilateral condylar fracture].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2021 Feb;30(1):77-80

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital and Stomatological Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China.

Purpose: To investigate the effect of conservative treatment of unilateral condylar fractures on jaw symmetry in children.

Methods: Twenty-four children with unilateral condylar fractures were divided into control group and experimental group according to the treatment methods, with 12 cases in each group. The control group received surgery, and the experimental group received conservative treatment with intermaxillary traction combined with occlusal pads. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of in-house, haptic assisted surgical planning for virtual reduction of complex mandibular fractures.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2021 Jun 27;16(6):1059-1068. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Plastic and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Purpose: The management of complex mandible fractures, i.e. severely comminuted or fractures of edentulous/atrophic mandibles, can be challenging. Read More

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Comparative study of outcomes between locking plates and three-dimensional plates in mandibular fractures.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jul-Dec;11(2):263-269. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objectives: The objective was to compare the efficiency and assess postoperative complications of 2.00 mm unicortical locking plates and three-dimensional (3D) plates in surgical correction of uncomplicated mandibular fracture.

Materials And Methods: A prospective cohort study of twenty patients of uncomplicated mandibular fractures, who were operated either by noncompression unicortical 2-mm locking mini-plate or by noncompression unicortical 2-mm 3D mini-plate, were enrolled and followed up for the study outcomes such as operative time, postoperative infection, and postoperative occlusion. Read More

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December 2020

Combined Use of 2 Cone-beam Computed Tomography Scans in the Assessment of Vertical Root Fracture in Teeth with Intracanal Material.

J Endod 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Division of Oral Radiology, Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the combined use of 2 cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) volumes obtained with the tooth of interest positioned at different orientations in the detection of vertical root fracture (VRF).

Methods: Thirty single-rooted teeth were divided into 2 main groups (n = 15): control and with VRF. The teeth were individually placed in a phantom composed of a human skull and mandible, which was CBCT scanned in 2 spatial orientations: conventional (with the Frankfurt plane parallel to the floor) and angled acquisition (tilted 90° backward). Read More

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