3,257 results match your criteria Malingering


Normative Data for the BTrackS Balance Test Concussion-Management Tool: Results from 10 045 Athletes Aged 8 to 21 Years.

J Athl Train 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, San Diego State University, CA.

Context: Balance tests are a recommended assessment of motor function in concussion protocols. The BTrackS Balance Test (BBT) is a tool for concussion balance testing that uses low-cost force-plate technology to objectively measure postural sway.

Objective: To provide normative data for the BBT in a large population of athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-178-18DOI Listing

40 Pseudo Cranial Nerve I Dysfunction: Subjective Hyposmia and Subjective Hypogeusia but Normosmia and Normogeusia - 3 cases.

CNS Spectr 2019 Feb;24(1):196-197

2Smell and Taste Treatment and Research Foundation Ltd.,Chicago,Illinois.

INTRODUCTIONHyposmia refers to reduced ability to smell and hypogeusia is a partial loss of the ability to taste (Hummel, Basile, & Huttenbrink, 2016). Complaints of hyposmia and hypogeusia in the presence of normosmia and normogeusia has not heretofore been described. Three such cases are presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1092852919000336DOI Listing
February 2019

P300 in detecting concealed information and deception: A review.

Psychophysiology 2019 Mar 11:e13362. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

Studies using the P300 ERP in detection of concealed information are reviewed. An overview of the initial findings, methodological issues, and use of bootstrapping methods for data analysis are considered, with various protocols explicated. Applications to forensic issues, employee screening, cognitive deficit malingering, and facial recognition in lineups are outlined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13362DOI Listing

Effects of Korsakoff Amnesia on performance and symptom validity testing.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The Netherlands.

Performance validity tests (PVTs) and Symptom validity tests (SVTs) are developed to identify people that present false or exaggerated symptoms. Although a key factor of both types of tests includes relative insensitivity to cognitive disorders, the direct effects of amnesia have been poorly studied. Therefore, a sample of 20 patients diagnosed with Korsakoff Amnesia (KA) through neuropsychological assessment and 20 healthy comparisons (HC) were administered the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS), and the newly developed Visual Association Test - Extended (VAT-E). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1576180DOI Listing

Limited Prediction of Performance Validity Using Embedded Validity Scales of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory in an mTBI Veteran Sample.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

TBI/Polytrauma Clinic, VA St Louis Healthcare System, St Louis, Missouri (Drs Menatti, Melinder, and Warren); and Department of Psychology, Palo Alto University, Palo Alto, California (Dr Warren).

Objective: To test embedded symptom validity scales of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI) as predictors of performance validity.

Setting: A Veterans Affairs Level II TBI/Polytrauma outpatient care unit in the Midwestern United States.

Participants: Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury undergoing neuropsychological assessment as part of their routine care within the TBI/Polytrauma clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HTR.0000000000000467DOI Listing
February 2019

Malingering in the Psychiatric Emergency Department.

Authors:
Erik Roskes

Psychiatr Serv 2019 Mar;70(3):254-255

Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.70201DOI Listing

The ADHD Symptom Infrequency Scale (ASIS): A novel measure designed to detect adult ADHD simulators.

Psychol Assess 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Psychology.

The current project outlines the development of the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptom Infrequency Scale (ASIS), a stand-alone measure designed to identify individuals feigning or exaggerating symptoms to receive a diagnosis of ADHD. Over the course of 3 studies, valid data was collected from 402 participants assigned to control, simulator, ADHD diagnosed, or possible undiagnosed ADHD groups. Group assignment was based on self-reported history of ADHD diagnosis including information about the credentials of diagnosing professional and methods used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000706DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Performance validity measures in clinical patients with aphasia.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 22:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Neurology , Medical University of Innsbruck , Innsbruck , Austria.

Introduction: Performance validity testing has developed into an indispensible element of neuropsychological assessment, mostly applied in forensic determinations. Its aim is to distinguish genuine patient performance from invalid test profiles. Limits to the applicability of performance validity tests (PVTs) may arise when genuine cognitive symptoms are present. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1579783DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Using the inventory of problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in symptom validity assessment: A study with a Portuguese sample of experimental feigners.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 17:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

a Department of Psychology , University of Turin , Turin , Italy.

This study tested whether combining the Inventory of Problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) would increase sensitivity in the detection of experimentally feigned mental health problems, compared to using either test alone. Additionally, it also evaluated (a) the effects of administration order of these two tests and (b) the cultural and linguistic applicability of these tests to a European Portuguese population. The IOP-29 and TOMM were administered to a community sample of 100 nonclinical, adult volunteers from Portugal, with the instruction to feign mental health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570929DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Unilateral ocular malingering - a new test for the assessment of visual acuity.

Acta Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centre for Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14015DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Establishing supplementary response time validity indicators in the Word Memory Test (WMT) and directions for future research.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.

Response time (RT) measures in the Word Memory Test (WMT) offer to complement information derived from conventional accuracy measures. The current study aimed to validate the findings of Lupu, Elbaum, Wagner, and Braw in which RT variability was assessed, for the first time, in the WMT. A secondary aim was to suggest directions for the future research of RT measures in Forced-Choice Recognition Memory Performance Validity Tests (FCRM-PVTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1555161DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Psychometric limitations of the RBANS effort index in forensic inpatient populations.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo , Pueblo , Colorado , USA.

Although the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a widely studied and utilized screening measure with an Effort Index (EI), there is a minimal amount of data available regarding the utility of the EI for forensic inpatients. Specific concerns include the possibility that the published cutoffs would result in high false positive rates. The present study investigated this issue by comparing the validity of the RBANS EI with that of the Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a forensic psychiatric setting (N = 117). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1517768DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

An Inventory of Problems-29 Sensitivity Study Investigating Feigning of Four Different Symptom Presentations Via Malingering Experimental Paradigm.

J Pers Assess 2019 Feb 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

a Department of Psychology , University of Turin , Turin , Italy.

The Inventory of Problems-29 (IOP-29) is a newly developed, self-administered test designed to assist practitioners evaluating the credibility of various symptom presentations. In a recent simulation study comparing real patients against experimental feigners, its classification accuracy compared favorably with that of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology and generalized better to different types of symptom reports (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2019.1566914DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Management of Pain in the United States-A Brief History and Implications for the Opioid Epidemic.

Health Serv Insights 2018 26;11:1178632918819440. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Pain management in the United States reflects attitudes to those in pain. Increased numbers of disabled veterans in the 1940s to 1960s led to an increased focus on pain and its treatment. The view of the person in pain has moved back and forth between a physiological construct to an individual with pain where perception may be related to social, emotional, and cultural factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178632918819440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311547PMC
December 2018
32 Reads

A Review of Approaches to Detecting Malingering in Forensic Contexts and Promising Cognitive Load-Inducing Lie Detection Techniques.

Front Psychiatry 2018 21;9:700. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, United States.

Malingering, the feigning of psychological or physical ailment for gain, imposes high costs on society, especially on the criminal-justice system. In this article, we review some of the costs of malingering in forensic contexts. Then the most common methods of malingering detection are reviewed, including those for feigned psychiatric and cognitive impairments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308182PMC
December 2018
1 Read

"Must try harder." Is effort and performance validity testing a necessary part of pediatric neuropsychological assessment?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 24:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

c 3 School of Psychology, Washington Singer Laboratories , University of Exeter College of Life and Environmental Sciences , Exeter , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Neuropsychological assessments results have significant implications for pediatric populations, based upon the assumption that the young person has adopted an effortful approach and has engaged in assessment. There is a commonly-accepted risk to assuming the validity of neuropsychological assessment results with adults, and, therefore, performance validity testing (PVT) has become a major topic of research and investigation and has become an accepted part of routine assessment. The same approach has not been adopted in assessment with children and a paucity of studies has focused on PVT in children. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1524766DOI Listing
December 2018
22 Reads

Pneumoparotitis.

Clin Exp Emerg Med 2018 Dec 31;5(4):282-285. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

The objective is to review a case of pneumoparotitis and to discuss how knowledge of this unique presentation is important when making differential diagnoses in emergency medicine. A patient with recurrent subcutaneous emphysema of the head and neck is reviewed. Stenson's duct demonstrated purulent discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15441/ceem.17.291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301857PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Problems With Factious Disorder, Malingering, and Somatic Symptoms in DSM-5.

Authors:
Colin A Ross

Psychosomatics 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

The Colin A. Ross Institute for Psychological Trauma, Richardson, TX.. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psym.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Malingering in the Psychiatric Emergency Department: Prevalence, Predictors, and Outcomes.

Psychiatr Serv 2019 Feb 10;70(2):115-122. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (Rumschik); Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, New York, and Program in Ethics Education in Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York (Appel).

Objective:: Malingering is commonly encountered in the psychiatric emergency department, yet little is known about its prevalence, objectives, or effect on patient management. This study analyzed characteristics of malingering and patient disposition in a 24/7-staffed comprehensive psychiatric emergency program (CPEP) and created predictive models to understand malingering and its effect on physician decision making.

Methods:: Attending psychiatrists completed questionnaires after comprehensive assessments of 405 patients presenting to the CPEP during the 1-month study, recording suspicion of malingering, symptoms malingered, associated secondary gains, demographic characteristics, and initial disposition decision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201800140DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Suspiciously slow: timed digit span as an embedded performance validity measure in a sample of veterans with mTBI.

Brain Inj 2019 8;33(3):377-382. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

e Department of Neuropsychology , University of Michigan Health System , Ann Arbor , USA.

Objective: To explore the utility of Timed Digit Span (TDS) as an embedded performance validity test (PVT) in a sample of veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We hypothesize that TDS will predict PVT failure on an established stand-alone measure (Trial 1 of the Test of Memory Malingering; TOMM).

Methods: TDS was compared to Digit Span accuracy (DS), using TOMM as a criterion measure, in a sample of 99 veterans with mTBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1553311DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Testing Claims of Crime-Related Amnesia.

Authors:
Marko Jelicic

Front Psychiatry 2018 21;9:617. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Forensic Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Many violent offenders report amnesia for their crime. Although this type of memory loss is possible, there are reasons to assume that many claims of crime-related amnesia are feigned. This article describes ways to evaluate the genuineness of crime-related amnesia. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00617
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258786PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Novel ImPACT validity indices in collegiate student-athletes with and without histories of ADHD or academic difficulties.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 5:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Psychological Sciences , Kent State University , Kent , OH , USA.

Objective: Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) assesses neurocognitive functioning in sports-related concussion. Previous work demonstrates ImPACT's validity indices detect poor effort at disproportionately higher rates in athletes with histories of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or academic difficulties. The present study examines whether previously suggested 'dormant' validity indices, Word Memory Correct Distractors (WMCD), and Design Memory Correct Distractors (DMCD), reduce disproportionate invalidity in collegiate athletes with such histories. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1539191DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Electrophysiology in diagnosis and management of neuropathic pain.

Rev Neurol (Paris) 2019 Jan - Feb;175(1-2):26-37. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Inserm U1028, CNRS, UMR5292, central integration of pain (NeuroPain) Lab - Lyon neuroscience research center, université Claude Bernard, 69677 Bron, France; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Neurological Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Electrophysiological techniques demonstrate abnormalities in somatosensory transmission, hence providing objective evidence of 'somatosensory lesion or disease' which is crucial to the diagnosis of neuropathic pain (NP). Since most instances of NP result from damage to thermo-nociceptive pathways (thin fibres and spino-thalamo-cortical systems), specific activation of these is critical to ensure diagnostic accuracy. This is currently achieved using laser pulses or contact heat stimuli, and in a near future probably also with contact cold and intra-epidermal low-intensity currents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurol.2018.09.015DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Exaggerated Functional Impairment due to Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Canadian Imaging Research Centre, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.

Objective: Functional impairment associated with Neurocognitive Disorder is often claimed in medico-legal settings after mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). This case-control study examined self-reported functional impairment and the plausibility of chronic disability claims following uncomplicated mTBI.

Method: Independent Medical Evaluations included a battery of performance and symptom validity tests, along with self-reports of physical or emotional complaints and functional impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy086DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

The Honest Palm Sign: Detecting Incomplete Effort on Physical Examination.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15;122:e1354-e1358. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address:

Background: We investigated a simple, novel diagnostic test for detecting incomplete effort during the motor portion of the neurological examination.

Methods: The results from the honest palm sign (HPS) were evaluated for 162 consecutive neuro-oncology patients who had undergone upper extremity strength testing. Deltoid, bicep, and wrist extensor strength was assessed in all patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183259
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.047DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Malingering and factitious disorder.

Pract Neurol 2019 Apr 13;19(2):96-105. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Nuffield Orthopaedic Hospital, Oxford Centre for Enablement, Oxford, UK.

Although exaggeration or amplification of symptoms is common in all illness, deliberate deception is rare. In settings associated with litigation/disability evaluation, the rate of malingering may be as high as 30%, but its frequency in clinical practice is not known. We describe the main characteristics of deliberate deception (factitious disorders and malingering) and ways that neurologists might detect symptom exaggeration. Read More

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http://pn.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/practneurol-2018-001950
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/practneurol-2018-001950DOI Listing
April 2019
26 Reads

Neuropsychology and clinical health psychology in the UK Ministry of Defence.

J R Army Med Corps 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Defence Clinical Psychology Service, Ministry of Defence, UK & School of Psychology, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Neuropsychological testing has been used in a wide range of applications across military settings, including the selection of personnel to engage in covert operations, battlefield assessment and rehabilitation following blast exposure, traumatic brain injury, other neurological conditions and assessments of malingering. Over recent decades, military psychologists have helped to shape the advances in assessing and remediating the psychological sequela that is associated with operationally related neurological and other physical injuries. This paper will present an overview of some of the neuropsychological and related services within the UK Armed Forces, which are provided to service personnel with traumatic brain and other physical injuries. Read More

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http://jramc.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/jramc-2018-001049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jramc-2018-001049DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

[Classification accuracy of the symptom validity tests Word Memory Test and the German version of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology].

Nervenarzt 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Zentrum für Psychiatrie Südwürttemberg, Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie I der Universität Ulm, Ravensburg-Weissenau, Deutschland.

Background: The symptom validity tests Word Memory Test (WMT) and "Strukturierter Fragebogen Simulierter Symptome" (SFSS, German version of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology, SIMS) are used in psychiatric expert reviews in the context of social benefit proceedings to elucidate the validity of a patient's symptom presentation and to unveil possible malingering. Many of the studies on the WMT and the SFSS estimated the sensitivity and specificity of the tests by using student populations or healthy volunteers. The objective of the present study was to investigate the accuracy of the WMT and the SFSS in a clinical sample and if their combined use leads to better classification results. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00115-018-0637-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00115-018-0637-7DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Hearing loss in the trenches - a hidden morbidity of World War I.

Authors:
K Conroy V Malik

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Nov 29;132(11):952-955. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Otolaryngology,Blackpool Victoria Hospital,UK.

Background: One hundred years ago, millions of British and Allied troops were fighting in the trenches of the Great War. With a tenth of soldiers losing their lives, hearing loss seemed a low priority; however, vast numbers of troops sustained significant hearing loss.

Method: A review was conducted of literature published between 1914 and 1925. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S002221511
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118001755DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

A meta-analysis of malingering detection measures for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Psychol Assess 2019 Feb 25;31(2):265-270. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychology.

This meta-analysis compares stand-alone and embedded performance and symptom validity tests (PVTs and SVTs) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) malingering detection in college students. Simulation design studies utilizing college student samples were included (k = 11). Analyses consisted of measures designed or previously used for malingering detection. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/pas0000659
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000659DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Complex regional pain syndrome and functional neurological disorders: time for reconciliation.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, Western General Hospital, NHS Lothian and University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

There have been many articles highlighting differences and similarities between complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and functional neurological disorders (FND) but until now the discussions have often been adversarial with an erroneous focus on malingering and a view of FND as 'all in the mind'. However, understanding of the nature, frequency and treatment of FND has changed dramatically in the last 10-15 years. FND is no longer assumed to be only the result of 'conversion' of psychological conflict but is understood as a complex interplay between physiological stimulus, expectation, learning and attention mediated through a Bayesian framework, with biopsychosocial predisposing, triggering and perpetuating inputs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-318298DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Examination of optimal embedded PVTs within the BVMT-R in an outpatient clinical sample.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 24:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

a University of Kansas School of Medicine , Wichita , KS , USA.

Objective: This study investigated whether indices within the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised (BVMT-R) could function as embedded performance validity measures in an outpatient clinical sample.

Method: A sample of 138 neuropsychological outpatients was utilized; approximately 45% had a known or suspected external incentive. Patients were determined to be valid performers if they passed all criterion performance validity tests (PVTs) and determined to be invalid performers if they failed two or more PVTs. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1501096DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Detecting over-reporting of symptoms: the French version of the self-report symptom inventory.

Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Jan-Dec;32(sup1):164-181. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

c Institut de Recherche en Sciences Psychologiques (IPSY), Centre de Neuroscience Système et Cognition (NeuroCS) , Université Catholique de Louvain , Louvain-la-Neuve , Belgium.

Objective: Symptom exaggeration and malingering are core issues in forensic and clinical evaluation. Generally, experts use two main types of instruments to assess the credibility of symptoms: performance validity tests that aim to detect underperformance and self-report validity tests that appraise over-reporting of symptoms. However, while many tools can be used to assess underperformance, far fewer instruments are available to evaluate over-reporting of symptoms. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13854046.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2018.1524027DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads

Functional MRI in rheumatic diseases with a focus on fibromyalgia.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2018 Sep-Oct;36 Suppl 114(5):82-85. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

CREATE Centre, Section of Rheumatology, Division of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, UK.

Pain is the most common symptom in rheumatic diseases. However, the severity of pain does not correlate with pathology. The lack of an objective test for pain results in clinicians consider pain in patients with fibromyalgia as psychological. Read More

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January 2019
5 Reads
2.724 Impact Factor

Convergent, Discriminant, and Concurrent Validity of Nonmemory-Based Performance Validity Tests.

Assessment 2018 Oct 6:1073191118804874. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

1 South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA.

To supplement memory-based Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) in identifying noncredible performance, we examined the validity of the two most commonly used nonmemory-based PVTs-Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth edition (WAIS-IV) Reliable Digit Span (RDS)-as well as two alternative WAIS-IV Digit Span (DS) subtest PVTs. Examinees completed DCT, WAIS-IV DS, and the following criterion PVTs: Test of Memory Malingering, Word Memory Test, and Word Choice Test. Validity groups were determined by passing 3 (valid; n = 69) or failing ⩾2 (noncredible; n = 30) criterion PVTs. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1073191118804874
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191118804874DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

A Prospective Analysis of the Supine and Sitting Straight-Leg Raise Test and Its Performance in Litigation Patients.

Int J Spine Surg 2018 Jan 30;12(1):58-63. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine at Florida International University, Miami, Florida.

Background: The supine straight-leg raise (SLR) test has the potential to be exploited by malingering patients. The sitting SLR is believed to be less recognizable, therefore decreasing the chance of fabrication. The authors aim to compare the supine and sitting SLR test in patients with radiculopathy. Read More

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http://ijssurgery.com/lookup/doi/10.14444/5010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/5010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162033PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Differentiating poor validity from probable impairment on the medical symptom validity test: a cross-validation study.

Int J Neurosci 2019 Mar 28;129(3):217-224. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

e Henry Ford Allegiance , Jackson , MI , USA.

Aims: In neuropsychological evaluations, it is often difficult to ascertain whether poor performance on measures of validity is due to poor effort or malingering, or whether there is genuine cognitive impairment. Dunham and Denney created an algorithm to assess this question using the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT). We assessed the ability of their algorithm to detect poor validity versus probable impairment, and concordance of failure on the MSVT with other freestanding tests of performance validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207454.2018.1526800DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Ethical Challenges in Acute Evaluation of Suspected Psychogenic Stroke Mimics.

J Clin Ethics 2018 ;29(3):185-190

Department of Neurology and Department of Neurosurgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is administered to patients with suspected ischemic stroke to improve blood flow to the brain In rare cases, patients present with complaints of stroke symptoms that appear to be non-organic due to malingering, factitious disorder, or conversion disorder (psychogenic stroke mimics). Deciding whether or not to administer tPA to these patients can be challenging. The risk of hemorrhage after administration of tPA is low, but not zero. Read More

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December 2018
14 Reads

Differentiating factitious psychological presentations from malingering: Implications for forensic practice.

Behav Sci Law 2019 Jan 17;37(1):1-15. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA.

Practitioners and researchers have long been challenged with identifying deceptive response styles in forensic contexts, particularly when differentiating malingering from factitious presentations. The origins and the development of factitious disorders as a diagnostic classification are discussed, as well as the many challenges and limitations present with the current diagnostic conceptualization. As an alternative to a formal diagnosis, forensic practitioners may choose to consider most factitious psychological presentations (FPPs) as a dimensional construct that are classified like malingering as a V code. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/bsl.2365
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2365DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Detecting clinical and simulated dissociative identity disorder with the Test of Memory Malingering.

Psychol Trauma 2018 Sep 13. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: Few studies have assessed malingering in individuals with complex trauma and dissociation. This is concerning because these individuals' severe and ranging symptoms are associated with elevations on some, but not all, validity scales that detect symptom exaggeration. Dissociative individuals may experience dissociative amnesia, yet no study to date has examined how to distinguish clinical from malingered amnesia with dissociative samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tra0000405DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

The Case: Medically Disabled or Malingering?

Authors:

Camb Q Healthc Ethics 2018 Oct;27(4):738

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S096318011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0963180118000233DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Classification accuracy of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) Effort Index (EI) and Effort Scale (ES) relative to the Test Of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a mixed clinical sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Neuropsychology Department , Loyola University Medical Center , Maywood , Illinois , USA.

Performance Validity Testing has become an integral part of neuropsychological assessment, and a variety of embedded screening measures for performance validity have been proposed. Several performance validity indexes have been developed for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. Although the RBANS Effort Index (EI) and Effort Scale (ES) have garnered some empirical support, other research has raised questions regarding their accuracy in a number of assessment contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1485678DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

WHO-AVLT recognition trial: Initial validation for a new malingering index for Spanish-speaking patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Neuropsychology Division , Department of Neurology, NYU School of Medicine , New York , New York , USA.

Several methods for identifying suboptimal effort on Spanish neuropsychological assessment have been established. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine whether recognition data from the WHO-AVLT could be employed for determination of malingering in a Spanish-speaking sample. Sixteen subjects in litigation, 25 neurological patients, and 14 healthy controls completed neuropsychological testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1470974DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Differentiating epilepsy from psychogenic nonepileptic seizures using neuropsychological test data.

Epilepsy Behav 2018 10 29;87:39-45. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada.

Objective: Differentiating epileptic seizures (ES) from psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) represents a challenging differential diagnosis with important treatment implications. This study was designed to explore the utility of neuropsychological test scores in differentiating ES from PNES.

Method: Psychometric data from 72 patients with ES and 33 patients with PNES were compared on various tests of cognitive ability and performance validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.08.010DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Psychiatric comorbidity and traumatic brain injury attribution in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic or epileptic seizures: A multicenter study of US veterans.

Epilepsia 2018 10 24;59(10):1945-1953. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

VA Portland Health Care System, Portland, Oregon.

Objective: To determine the frequency and severity of psychiatric disorders and attribution of seizures to traumatic brain injury (TBI) in veterans with verified psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) versus epileptic seizures (ES).

Methods: We studied 333 consecutive admissions to the monitoring units of three Veterans Administration epilepsy centers. All patients underwent continuous video-electroencephalographic recording to define definite PNES or ES. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.14542DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Derivation of New Embedded Performance Validity Indicators for the Child and Adolescent Memory Profile (ChAMP) Objects Subtest in Youth with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Aug 15. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Copeman Healthcare Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Development of an embedded performance validity test (PVT) is desired for visual memory tests. The goal of this study was to derive an embedded PVT for the Child and Adolescent Memory Profile (ChAMP) Objects visual memory subtest in youth with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI).

Methods: Children and adolescents (N = 91; mean age = 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy068DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

University students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a literature review.

Authors:
J A Sedgwick

Ir J Psychol Med 2018 09;35(3):221-235

Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery;Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre - Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN),King's College London,London,UK.

Objectives: To review existing literature about university students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Methods: A framework for scoping studies and content analysis were used to source and review selected publications from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar and relevant bibliographies.

Results: Seventy-four publications were reviewed and key findings were categorised under six core themes that represent the issues germane to university students with ADHD. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S079096671
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2017.20DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Examining false-positive rates of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) processing speed-based embedded validity indicators among individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Psychol Assess 2019 Jan 13;31(1):120-125. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Psychology.

Recent research (Erdodi et al., 2017) indicated that certain Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) Processing Speed Index (PSI)-based indices may have some utility as embedded validity indicators (EVIs) among a diagnostically diverse sample of neuropsychology referrals. Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) are often evaluated in forensic contexts in which there is incentive to exaggerate deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000650DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads