3,380 results match your criteria Malingering


Validity testing in veterans with epileptic seizures and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.

Epilepsy Behav 2020 Jul 7;111:107246. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

VA Portland Health Care System, Portland, OR, United States of America.

Objective: Identification of clinically meaningful subgroups among patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) or epileptic seizures (ES) is of potential value for assessing prognosis and predicting therapeutic response. Invalid performance on validity tests has been associated with noncredible complaints and worse cognitive test scores, and may be one such classification criteria. We studied invalid performance in Veterans with PNES or ES, and the association of invalid performance with cognitive test scores and subjective complaints. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107246DOI Listing

Medical Disqualification Following Concussion in Collegiate Student-Athletes: Findings from the CARE Consortium.

Sports Med 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Michigan Concussion Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: The absence of evidence-based guidelines make medical disqualification (MDQ) following concussion one of the most challenging decision-making processes faced by sports medicine professionals.

Objective: We aimed to compare premorbid and postmorbid factors between student-athletes that were and were not medically disqualified from sport following a concussion.

Methods: Among 1832 student-athletes diagnosed with concussion within the CARE Consortium, 53 (2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01302-yDOI Listing

Performance validity in the dementia clinic: Specificity of validity tests when used individually and in aggregate across levels of cognitive impairment severity.

Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 17:1-24. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Baptist Health, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

This study examined the specificity of both individual PVTs and three different PVT batteries in individuals undergoing neuropsychological evaluation for dementia in order to establish both appropriate individual test cutoffs and multiple-PVT failure criterion. Participants were 311 validly performing patients with no cognitive impairment (n = 24), mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n = 115), mild dementia (n = 122), or moderate dementia (n = 50). Cutoffs associated with ≥90% specificity were established for 11 individual PVTs across impairment severity groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2020.1778790DOI Listing

Detection of Malingering Using Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV for Psychiatric Patients.

Psychiatry Investig 2020 Jun 27;17(6):526-532. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Psychiatric patients sometimes show poor performance or exaggerated symptoms as malingering for secondary gain. The aim of this study was to introduce cut-off scores for detecting poor performance using Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) in psychiatric patients.

Methods: Participants were 261 in- and out-patients who visited psychiatry department. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30773/pi.2019.0330DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324734PMC

Psychometric Performance of the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test (M-FAST) in Veteran PTSD Assessment.

Psychol Inj Law 2020 Apr;2020

National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System.

This study examined the psychometric properties of a widely used measure of symptom exaggeration, the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test (M-FAST, Miller, 2001), in a sample of 209 (83.7% male) trauma-exposed veterans (57.9% probable current posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12207-020-09373-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7236380PMC

A hidden mesencephalic variant of central pain.

Eur J Pain 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Central Integration of Pain Unit, Lyon Centre for Neurosciences (CRNL), INSERM U1028, UCB Lyon 1, UJM Saint Etienne, Saint Etienne, France.

Background: Central post-stroke pain (CPSP) can arise after lesions anywhere in the central somatosensory pathways, essentially within the spinothalamic system (STS). Although the STS can be selectively injured in the mesencephalon, CPSP has not been described in pure midbrain infarcts.

Methods: Of more than 300 CPSP consecutive cases, we describe five patients who developed definite neuropathic pain following lesions circumscribed to the postero-lateral mesencephalon. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1588DOI Listing

Utility of abbreviated versions of the test of memory malingering in children with traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 13:1-5. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Psychology, Hope College, Holland, MI, USA.

We evaluated the classification accuracy of two abbreviated versions of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in prediction of results on the full-length instrument in a sample of 126 children who were evaluated within 1-12 months after traumatic brain injury. Both a version based on administration of Trial 1 and a version based on administration of only the first 10 items of Trial 1 had acceptable specificity (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750109DOI Listing

Retrospective Analysis of the Test of Memory Malingering in a Low Intellectual Quotient Intractable Epilepsy Sample.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Objective: The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is commonly used by neuropsychologists (Sharland, M. J., & Gfeller, J. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa022DOI Listing

Multidimensional Malingering Criteria for Neuropsychological Assessment: A 20-Year Update of the Malingered Neuropsychological Dysfunction Criteria.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 05 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Empirically informed neuropsychological opinion is critical for determining whether cognitive deficits and symptoms are legitimate, particularly in settings where there are significant external incentives for successful malingering. The Slick, Sherman, and Iversion (1999) criteria for malingered neurocognitive dysfunction (MND) are considered a major milestone in the field's operationalization of neurocognitive malingering and have strongly influenced the development of malingering detection methods, including serving as the criterion of malingering in the validation of several performance validity tests (PVTs) and symptom validity tests (SVTs) (Slick, D.J. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa019DOI Listing

Examining embedded validity indicators in Conners continuous performance test-3 (CPT-3).

Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 4:1-16. Epub 2020 May 4.

W.G. Hefner VA Medical Center, Salisbury, NC, USA.

Prior research has identified a variety of embedded performance validity indicators on the Conners' Continuous Performance Test-II (CPT-II). The purpose of this study was to examine embedded validity indicators within the updated third edition of the Conners Continuous Performance Test (CPT-3). This study used a retrospective chart review from an ADHD evaluation clinic at a Mid-Atlantic VA hospital. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2020.1751301DOI Listing

108 Warning: Generic Suboxone Not Equal to Name Brand.

CNS Spectr 2020 Apr;25(2):270

Smell & Taste Treatment and Research Foundation, Chicago, Illinois.

Introduction: On June 14, 2018, the FDA approved generic buprenorphine/naloxone, as an alternative to the brand Suboxone (FDA,2018). A patient who developed acute withdrawal symptoms when switched from Suboxone to generic buprenorphine/naloxone at the same dosage, with resolution with replacement with brand name Suboxone, is presented. Induction of withdrawal with generic buprenorphine/naloxone has not heretofore been described. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1092852920000267DOI Listing

Introduction to special issue on effort testing in children and adolescents.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Apr 22:1-2. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Psych Associates of Maryland, Bethesda, MD, USA.

This manuscript reviews the past history of effort testing in children and adolescents. Results in children and adults are briefly described on tests such as the Word Memory Test (WMT), the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT), the Nonverbal Medical Symptom Validity Test (NV-MSVT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM). Articles in the Special Issue are also briefly described. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750105DOI Listing

Chance-level hit rates in closed-set, forced-choice audiometry and a novel utility for the significance test-based detection of malingering.

PLoS One 2020 21;15(4):e0231715. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Otolaryngology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

The primary aim of this study was to extend existing theory on the relationship between chance-level performance and the number of alternatives and trials in closed-set, forced-choice speech audiometry and sound localization methods. When calculating chance performance for closed-set, forced-choice experiments with multiple trials, the binomial distribution should be preferred over the simple 1/a probability, as the latter is appropriate only for single trial experiments. The historical use of constant hit rates for determining chance performance has been based upon the assumption that random hits are distributed evenly across multiple trials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0231715PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7173938PMC

[Base Rate of Probable Malingering and its Indicators in the Assessment of Mental Disorders - Retrospective Analysis of a Sample of Forensic Psychological Evaluations].

Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2020 Apr 6. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Medizinische Psychologie, Klinik: BG-Klinikum Bergmannstrost Halle.

Purpose: Estimation of a base rate of malingering in accordance with changes of the complexity of assessment in a sample of forensic psychological evaluations.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 1175 psychological evaluations over the course of 16 years (2000-2015).

Results: With the use of increasingly complex methods, inconsistencies are reported more frequently and a higher rate of feigning (47,2%) in symptom validity testing is noted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1122-5233DOI Listing

Prevalence of ADHD symptom malingering, nonmedical use, and drug diversion among college-enrolled adults with a prescription for stimulant medications.

J Addict Dis 2020 Apr-Jun;38(2):176-185. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA.

Malingering of ADHD symptoms is a potential means of nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS). The Subtle ADHD Malingering Screener (SAMS) provides a potential avenue for identification of symptom malingering. However, no real world evidence of this scale has been published to date. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10550887.2020.1732762DOI Listing

Overlooking Feigning Behavior May Result in Potential Harmful Treatment Interventions: Two Case Reports of Undetected Malingering.

J Forensic Sci 2020 Jul 23;65(4):1371-1375. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Forensic Psychology Section, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Clinicians tend to overestimate their ability to recognize feigning behavior in psychiatric patients, especially if it concerns patients who have been admitted for observation. Feigning can be either externally motivated (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14320DOI Listing

Racial and Gender Disparities in Diagnosis of Malingering in Clinical Settings.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 Mar 9. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Center of Excellence in Health Equity, Training and Research, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: A malingering diagnosis can have consequences for patient care in the emergency room, hospital, and outpatient settings. Use of this diagnosis along racial and gender demographics has not been explored in clinical settings.

Objective: To determine any differences in socio-demographic characteristics among patients diagnosed with malingering in non-psychiatric inpatient hospitals and emergency departments in the USA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00734-6DOI Listing

Gender Differences in Veterans Referred for Neuropsychological Evaluation in an Outpatient Neuropsychology Consultation Service.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

VA North Texas Healthcare System, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: The number of women veterans seeking Veterans Health Administration services has substantially increased over the past decade. Neuropsychology remains an understudied area in the examination of gender differences. The present study sought to delineate similarities and differences in men and women veterans presenting for neuropsychological evaluation in terms of demographics, referral, medical conditions, effort, and outcome diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa008DOI Listing

Concepts and controversies of malingering: A re-look.

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 Apr 14;50:101952. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India. Electronic address:

Since time immemorial, humans have tried to feign physical and mental illnesses for various reasons. This led to the development of the concept of illness deception or malingering when one tries to assume a sick role and feigns signs and symptoms to gain external incentives. The conceptual framework of malingering has undergone several changes and there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate that malingering exists. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.101952DOI Listing

Verbal fluency and digit span variables as performance validity indicators in experimentally induced malingering and real world patients with TBI.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Feb 21:1-18. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.

This study was designed to examine the classification accuracy of verbal fluency (VF) measures as performance validity tests (PVT). Student volunteers were assigned to the control ( = 57) or experimental malingering ( = 24) condition. An archival sample of 77 patients with TBI served as a clinical comparison. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1719409DOI Listing
February 2020

Performance validity assessment using response time on the Warrington Recognition Memory Test.

Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 18:1-20. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

: The present study tested the incremental utility of response time (RT) on the Warrington Recognition Memory Test - Words (RMT-W) in classifying bona fide versus feigned TBI.: Participants were 173 adults: 55 with moderate to severe TBI, 69 healthy comparisons (HC) instructed to perform their best, and 49 healthy adults coached to simulate TBI (SIM). Participants completed a computerized version of the RMT-W in the context of a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2020.1716997DOI Listing
February 2020

A clinical comparison simulation study using the Inventory of Problems-29 (IOP-29) with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in Lithuania.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Feb 17:1-8. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy.

This article contributes to the growing research on the validity of the recently developed, Inventory of Problems - 29 (IOP-29) in the discrimination of feigned from bona fide mental or cognitive disorders. Specifically, we first developed a Lithuanian version of the IOP-29 and tested its validity on a sample of 50 depressed patients and 50 healthy volunteers instructed to feign depression. Next, we reviewed all previously published IOP-29 studies reporting on depression-related presentations ( = 5), and compared our results against previously reported findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1725518DOI Listing
February 2020

"He Bore it Like a Scarlet Letter": Medical Student Reflections on Substance Use Disorders.

Acad Psychiatry 2020 Apr 11;44(2):122-128. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: Substance abuse in the context of the opioid crisis presents a major public health concern. Despite some evidence that medical students' attitudes towards substance use disorders worsen during medical school, very few studies have examined how students' early clinical experiences with substance use disorders shape their views of this clinical population. This study uses student reflective essays to explore these formative educational experiences. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40596-020-01194-0DOI Listing

Utility of an attention-based performance validity test for the detection of feigned cognitive dysfunction after acquired brain injury.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 10;42(3):285-297. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Science, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

: The Groningen Effort Test (GET) is a recently developed performance validity test (PVT) for the identification of noncredible performance in a neuropsychological assessment of attention abilities. Because the majority of already established PVTs are based on memory functions, the GET has the potential to make a valuable contribution to validity testing.: The current study examined the utility of the GET in the detection of feigned cognitive dysfunction after acquired brain injury (ABI) and its incremental validity over already established PVTs, namely the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), the Dot Counting Test (DCT), and the b Test. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1710468DOI Listing

Minimizing evaluation time while maintaining accuracy: Cross-validation of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) Trial 1 and first 10-item errors as briefer performance validity tests.

Psychol Assess 2020 May 6;32(5):442-450. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Psychology Service.

Current standards of practice in neuropsychology advocate for including validity tests (PVTs). Abbreviating PVTs, such as the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), may help reduce overall evaluation time while maintaining diagnostic accuracy. TOMM Trial 1 performance (T1), as well as the number of errors within the first 10 items of Trial 1 (TOMMe10), have shown initial promise as abbreviated PVTs but require additional external cross-validation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000802DOI Listing

Stress- and trauma-related blockade of episodic-autobiographical memory processing.

Neuropsychologia 2020 03 29;139:107364. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

University of Bielefeld, Germany. Electronic address:

Memory disorders without a direct neural substrate still belong to the riddles in neuroscience. Although they were for a while dissociated from research and clinical arenas, risking becoming forgotten diseases, they sparked novel interests, paralleling the refinements in functional neuroimaging and neuropsychology. Although Endel Tulving has not fully embarked himself on exploring this field, he had published at least one article on functional amnesia (Schacter et al. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107364DOI Listing

Railway spine: The advent of compensation for concussive symptoms.

J Hist Neurosci 2020 Apr-Jun;29(2):234-245. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Psychological Science, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, Texas, USA.

The introduction of railway transportation in Great Britain in the early-nineteenth century saw an increased frequency of trauma cases involving persisting symptoms without objective evidence of injury. In 1866, a prominent surgeon, Sir John Eric Erichsen, attributed such symptoms to concussion of the spine (popularized as "railway spine") that involved an organic pathology, inflammation of the spinal cord in the absence of spinal fracture, with potential psychological overlay. This was widely accepted within the medico-legal context throughout the 1870s, whereby passengers sought compensation for collision-related injuries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0964704X.2019.1711350DOI Listing
January 2020

Classification accuracy of the rare symptoms and symptom combinations scales of the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology in three archival samples.

Law Hum Behav 2020 Apr 23;44(2):167-177. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Mental Health Law and Policy, University of South Florida.

Objective: The Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS; Widows & Smith, 2005) is a 75-item self-report measure intended to screen for potentially feigned symptoms of mental illness and/or cognitive impairment. We investigated the classification accuracy of 2 new detection scales (Rare Symptoms [RS] and Symptom Combinations [SC]) developed by Rogers, Robinson, and Gillard (2014) that appeared useful in identifying simulated mental disorder in their derivation sample of psychiatric inpatients.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that the rates of classification accuracy Rogers et al. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000361DOI Listing

Assessing performance validity with the TOMM and automatized sequences task in a pediatric psychiatric inpatient setting.

Child Neuropsychol 2020 Aug 15;26(6):801-816. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Department of Psychiatry & Human Behavior E.P. Bradley Hospital/ Alpert Medical School of Brown University , Providence, RI, USA.

This study examined the performance of children consecutively admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit on the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) (aged 5-12; = 96) and Automatized Sequences Task (aged 8-12; = 67). Eighty-three percent of children passed the TOMM Trial 2 ( raw score = 47.7,  = 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2020.1712345DOI Listing

Rey 15 item test plus recognition trial and TOMM in a community pediatric sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jan 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Neuropsychology Program, Palo Alto University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

In pediatric evaluations, performance validity test (PVT) selection is often constrained by reading level, developmental appropriateness of stimuli, and administration time. The Rey 15 Item Test (FIT) addresses these constraints, and ranks among the most frequently used PVTs. Unfortunately, research indicates poor sensitivity of the FIT recall trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1709068DOI Listing
January 2020

Indicators to distinguish symptom accentuators from symptom producers in individuals with a diagnosed adjustment disorder: A pilot study on inconsistency subtypes using SIMS and MMPI-2-RF.

PLoS One 2019 30;14(12):e0227113. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Department of Human Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

In the context of legal damage evaluations, evaluees may exaggerate or simulate symptoms in an attempt to obtain greater economic compensation. To date, practitioners and researchers have focused on detecting malingering behavior as an exclusively unitary construct. However, we argue that there are two types of inconsistent behavior that speak to possible malingering-accentuating (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0227113PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936836PMC

Explanatory Model of Voluntary Childlessness among Iranian Couples in Tehran: A Grounded Theory Approach.

Iran J Med Sci 2019 Nov;44(6):449-456

Department of Social Welfare Management, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Global and Iranian statistics indicate a rise in the newly emerging phenomenon of voluntary childlessness as a permanent status among couples. Childlessness is one of the main challenges of modern society. In Iran, studies on the process of voluntary permanent childlessness are scarce. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30476/ijms.2019.44964DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6885716PMC
November 2019

Early Cutoff Criteria for Strong Performance on the Test of Memory Malingering.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May;35(4):429-433

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55904, USA.

Objective: The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is widely used to assess performance validity. To improve efficiency, we investigated whether abbreviated administration (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz079DOI Listing

Detecting Feigning in Adolescents on the Personality Assessment Inventory-Adolescent Form.

J Pers Assess 2019 Dec 20:1-7. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

Much of the research on identifying feigning in psychological assessment has focused on adults with less attention to adolescents. The purpose of the present study is to expand the limited literature on detecting feigning in adolescents using the Personality Assessment Inventory - Adolescent. The study included 114 nonclinical adolescents (ages 15 to 18) recruited from high schools in the Midwest who were randomly assigned to experimental groups: honest nonclinical, uncoached feigning, and coached feigning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2019.1693389DOI Listing
December 2019

Evaluation of the classification accuracy of multiple performance validity tests in a mixed clinical sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Dec 13:1-10. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA.

The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and Word Memory Test (WMT) are among the most well-known performance validity tests (PVTs) and regarded as measures. Due to the many factors that impact PVT selection, it is imperative that clinicians make informed clinical decisions with respect to additional or alternative PVTs that demonstrate similar classification accuracy as these well-validated measures. The present archival study evaluated the agreement/classification accuracy of a large battery consisting of multiple other freestanding/embedded PVTs in a mixed clinical sample of 126 veterans. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1698581DOI Listing
December 2019

The Evaluation and Management of Chronic Pain in the Correctional Setting.

J Correct Health Care 2019 10;25(4):382-393

California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison, Corcoran, CA, USA.

In the community, chronic pain is a common reason for visits to the doctor's office. The same is true for patients who are seen by physicians in prison health care settings. The symptoms of chronic pain are often associated with negative emotional states of anxiety, depression, and despair. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1078345819882337DOI Listing
October 2019

The validity of the test of memory malingering (TOMM) with deaf individuals.

Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Dec 4:1-18. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Psychology Department, King's University College at Western University, London, Canada.

Administration of performance validity tests (PVT) during neuropsychological assessments is standard practice, with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) being a commonly used measure. The TOMM has been well validated in hearing populations with various medical and psychiatric backgrounds. A major gap in the literature is the use of the TOMM amongst culturally Deaf individuals who use American Sign Language (ASL) as their first and preferred language. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1696408DOI Listing
December 2019

Cross-validation of the Invalid Forgetting Frequency Index (IFFI) from the Test of Memory Malingering.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Dec 2. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

University of Kansas School of Medicine - Wichita, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Wichita, Kansas, United States.

Objective: To increase sensitivity of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), adjustments have been proposed, including adding consistency indices. The Invalid Forgetting Frequency Index (IFFI) is the most recently developed consistency index. While strong classification accuracy rates were originally reported, it currently lacks cross-validation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz064DOI Listing
December 2019

Stratified performance on the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is associated with differential responding on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI).

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 26;42(2):131-141. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, NY, USA.

: This study evaluated symptom endorsement patterns in participants at various stratified performance levels on the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM). It was hypothesized that the lowest stratum (chance performance and below) would have the most pathological (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2019.1695749DOI Listing

When Time is of the Essence: Preliminary Findings for a Quick Administration of the Dot Counting Test.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Nov 18. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Objective: Performance validity research has emphasized the need for briefer measures and, more recently, abbreviated versions of established free-standing tests to minimize neuropsychological evaluation costs/time burden. This study examined the accuracy of multiple abbreviated versions of the Dot Counting Test ("quick" DCT) for detecting invalid performance in isolation and in combination with the Test of Memory Malingering Trial 1 (TOMMT1).

Method: Data from a mixed clinical sample of 107 veterans (80 valid/27 invalid per independent validity measures and structured criteria) were included in this cross-sectional study; 47% of valid participants were cognitively impaired. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz058DOI Listing
November 2019

Patterns of Performance and Symptom Validity Test Findings After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Nov 15. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Psychology, Mary Free Bed Rehabilitation Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence of demographic, injury and neuropsychological correlates of distinct patterns of performance validity test and symptom validity test results in persons with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Method: One hundred and seventy-eight persons with mTBI completed the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM; performance validity) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; symptom validity) within 1-12 months postinjury. Four groups were compared: (a) pass both TOMM and MMPI-2-RF validity criteria, (b) pass TOMM and fail MMPI-2-RF, (c) fail TOMM and pass MMPI-2-RF, and (d) fail both TOMM and MMPI-2-RF. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz057DOI Listing
November 2019

They're not just little adults: The utility of adult performance validity measures in a mixed clinical pediatric sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Nov 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Performance validity tests (PVTs) have become a standard part of adult neuropsychological practice; however, they are less widely used in pediatric testing. The current study aimed to obtain a better understanding of the application of PVTs within a mixed clinical pediatric sample with a wide range of diagnosis, IQ, and age. Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 130 consecutive pediatric patients evaluated as part of clinical care and diagnosed with a variety of medical/neurological, developmental, and psychiatric disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1685522DOI Listing
November 2019

Neurological signs described at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro: connecting the past to the future.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2019 24;77(10):705-711. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Neurologia, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brasil.

Objective: The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) is one of the pillars of Brazilian Medicine and, in Neurology, has always shown prominence, with notable professors such as Antônio Austregésilo and Deolindo Couto. Historically, practitioners of the UFRJ Medical School have discovered neurological signs that, although used in medical and academic practice, have never been published. Our aim was to bring these signs to the forefront so that they become properly recognized and studied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20190127DOI Listing
July 2020
1 Read

[Medicalizing delinquents or turning the mad into criminals?: Practices of alienation and legal medicine in Colombia in the early the 20th century].

Salud Colect 2019;15:e1965. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Historiador. Doctor en Enseñanza y Difusión de las Ciencias y las Técnicas. Profesor titular, Departamento de Estudios Filosóficos, Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Económicas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín,

This article analyzes medical-legal associations between madness and criminality in department of Antioquia (Colombia) during the three first decades of 20th century. The analysis was oriented by two overlapping axes: discourses and practices. The ideas of four doctors, generated between 1917 and 1925, were examined in order to identify the theoretical debates that delimited and defined mental illnesses in legal cases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.18294/sc.2019.1965DOI Listing

Collegiate athletes' perceptions of the culture of concussion reporting.

J Am Coll Health 2019 Oct 29:1-9. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Psychology, Chestnut Hill College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

The current study was designed to understand the culture of concussion among college student-athletes. Eight men's lacrosse and seven women's soccer players. A focus group was conducted to understand thoughts, barriers, team culture, and what was needed to feel safe reporting symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2019.1679816DOI Listing
October 2019

Performance and Symptom Validity Assessment in Patients with Apathy and Cognitive Impairment.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2020 Mar 29;26(3):314-321. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Centre, P.O. Box 5800, 6202 AZ, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Objective: Performance and symptom validity tests (PVTs and SVTs) measure the credibility of the assessment results. Cognitive impairment and apathy potentially interfere with validity test performance and may thus lead to an incorrect (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617719001139DOI Listing

Discriminating Fake From True Brain Injury Using Latency of Left Frontal Neural Responses During Old/New Memory Recognition.

Front Neurosci 2019 25;13:988. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, United States.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health concern that affects 69 million individuals each year worldwide. Neuropsychologists report that up to 40% of individuals undergoing evaluations for TBI may be malingering neurocognitive deficits for a compensatory reward. The memory recognition test of malingering detection is effective but can be coached behaviorally. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00988DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6777439PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Psychophysical testing of smell and taste function.

Authors:
Richard L Doty

Handb Clin Neurol 2019 ;164:229-246

Smell and Taste Center and Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:

The senses of smell and taste are largely underappreciated by laypersons and medical professionals alike. Unlike vision, hearing, balance, and touch, they are rarely evaluated quantitatively in the clinic, even though hundreds of thousands of persons seek medical help annually for disorders of these senses. Chemosensory disorders impact quality of life, including the flavor of foods and beverages, and compromise the ability to detect such environmental hazards as fires, leaking natural gas, and spoiled foodstuffs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63855-7.00015-0DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Health histories and medical evaluations of patients with complaints of chemosensory dysfunction.

Handb Clin Neurol 2019 ;164:219-227

Smell and Taste Center and Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:

Key elements for understanding, assessing, and treating a patient with a complaint of chemosensory dysfunction include establishing a relevant medical history and performing a focused medical examination. This age-old medical approach combines the utilization of associated tests and the results of chemosensory testing to establish a diagnosis and plan for medical management. Chemosensory testing is critical to establish the degree of dysfunction, the veracity and accuracy of a patient's self-report, the efficacy of treatments, and the degree to which spontaneous recovery occurs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63855-7.00014-9DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

The other face of illness-deception: Diagnostic criteria for factitious disorder with proposed standards for clinical practice and research.

Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 19;34(3):454-476. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Xavier University, New Orleans, LA, USA.

This paper aims to develop diagnostic criteria for factitious disorder (FD) and a heuristic for research by creating standards for delineating criterion groups.: Both FD and malingering are conceptualized within a rubric of illness-deception. The history of FD research was compared to the research history on malingering. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13854046.2019.1663265DOI Listing
April 2020
3 Reads