402 results match your criteria Malignant Vulvar Lesions


Vulvar Neurodermatitis in a Postmenopausal African-American Patient: A Case Report.

J Menopausal Med 2022 Apr;28(1):42-45

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC) at the Permian Basin, Odessa, TX, USA.

Lichen simplex chronicus commonly presents as a distressing vaginal lesion caused by severe, cyclical itch-scratch behavior. Lichen simplex chronicus is diagnosed by obtaining a detailed medical history, performing a physical exam, and recording of self-reported symptoms. Lichen simplex chronicus can be treated by corticosteroids, immunomodulators, antiepileptics, antihistamines, antidepressants, and phototherapy. Read More

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Vulvar Verrucous Carcinoma and Genital Condylomatosis.

Curr Health Sci J 2021 Oct-Dec;47(4):602-607. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Department of Surgery University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.

Verrucous carcinoma is a histopathological type of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, clinically characterized by slow and continuous growth, having a local destructive character, but low metastasis potential. Condyloma acuminatum is a sexually transmitted infection caused mainly by subtypes 6 and 11 of HPV, with subtypes 16, 18 being involved in malignant transformation. We present the case of a 70-year-old woman, hospitalized for a vulvar and perineal vegetative, ulcerated, bleeding tumor, with onset 20 years ago. Read More

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December 2021

Early Diagnostics of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Apr 4;14(7). Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Vulvar Vaginal Disease and Colposcopy Clinics, University Iowa Healthcare, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

The spectrum of vulvar lesions ranges from infective and benign dermatologic conditions to vulvar precancer and invasive cancer. Distinction based on the characteristics of vulvar lesions is often not indicative of histology. Vulvoscopy is a useful tool in the examination of vulvar pathology. Read More

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Immunotherapeutic Approaches for the Treatment of HPV-Associated (Pre-)Cancer of the Cervix, Vulva and Penis.

J Clin Med 2022 Feb 19;11(4). Epub 2022 Feb 19.

Department of Urology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection drives tumorigenesis in almost all cervical cancers and a fraction of vulvar and penile cancers. Due to increasing incidence and low vaccination rates, many will still have to face HPV-related morbidity and mortality in the upcoming years. Current treatment options (i. Read More

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February 2022

Integrin αvβ6 as a Target for Tumor-Specific Imaging of Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Adjacent Premalignant Lesions.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Nov 29;13(23). Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Center for Human Drug Research, 2333 CL Leiden, The Netherlands.

Surgical removal of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) is associated with significant morbidity and high recurrence rates. This is at least partially related to the limited visual ability to distinguish (pre)malignant from normal vulvar tissue. Illumination of neoplastic tissue based on fluorescent tracers, known as fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS), could help resect involved tissue and decrease ancillary mutilation. Read More

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November 2021

18F-FDG PET/CT in Patients with Vulvar and Vaginal Cancer: A Preliminary Study of 20 Cases.

Acta Med Port 2022 Mar 24;35(3):170-175. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Serviço de Medicina Nuclear. Centro Hospitalar de São João. Porto. Portugal.

Introduction: Despite the growing evidence supporting the use of 2-[F-18]-fluor-2-desoxi-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in cervical and ovarian malignant tumours, data on vulvar and vaginal cancer is sparse. Our aim was to assess the role of 2-[F-18]-fluor-2-desoxi-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in patients with vulvar and vaginal cancer.

Material And Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on a cohort of 20 patients with biopsy-proven vulvar (n = 17) and vaginal (n = 3) cancer who performed 2-[F-18]-fluor-2-desoxi-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography, between January 2013 and April 2018. Read More

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Vulvar Extramammary Paget Disease Detected by Cytology for Cervical Cancer Screening: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Oct 22;22:e933655. Epub 2021 Oct 22.

Department of Pathology, Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

BACKGROUND Vulvar extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) with abnormal cervical cytology is extremely rare. We encountered a case of secondary EMPD derived from urothelial carcinoma diagnosed after cytological examination for cervical cancer screening. We diagnosed the case promptly owing to suspicion based on the patient's medical history and vulvar appearance. Read More

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October 2021

Human Papillomavirus-Associated Cancers.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1313:1-14

Department of Infection and Immunity, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the causative agent in the majority of anal, head and neck, oral, oropharyngeal, penile, vaginal, vulvar, and cervical cancers. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Of all diagnosed human malignant neoplasms, approximately 4. Read More

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October 2021

Extramammary Paget's Disease: Diagnosis, Pathogenesis, and Treatment with Focus on Recent Developments.

Curr Oncol 2021 08 5;28(4):2969-2986. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8575, Japan.

Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare neoplasm that usually develops in apocrine gland-bearing areas, such as the vulva, scrotum, and penis. EMPD may present with a focal, multifocal, or an ectopic lesion. Clinically, EMPD lesions often exhibit infiltrative erythema, which is sometimes similar to other skin disorders such as eczema. Read More

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Imaging of the Vagina: Spectrum of Disease with Emphasis on MRI Appearance.

Radiographics 2021 Sep-Oct;41(5):1549-1568. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

From the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (M.Z., A.S., M.I., M.N., C.L.S.) and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (V.S.R.), Washington University School of Medicine, 510 S Kingshighway Blvd, St Louis, MO 63110; Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, Ariz (M.Y.); Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Fla (M.M.); and Department of Oncologic Sciences, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, Fla (M.M.).

The vagina is a median fibromuscular structure of the female reproductive system that extends from the vulva inferiorly to the uterine cervix superiorly. As most vaginal lesions are detected at gynecologic examination, imaging performed for nongynecologic indications can frequently cause concomitant vaginal pathologic conditions to be overlooked. The vagina is often underevaluated at routinely performed pelvic transvaginal US because of a narrow scan area and probe positioning. Read More

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November 2021

Vulvar Melanoma: Molecular Characteristics, Diagnosis, Surgical Management, and Medical Treatment.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2021 Sep 14;22(5):639-651. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Ten percent of all women have pigmented vulvar lesions. Fortunately, most of these are benign but 1% of all melanomas in women affect the vulva. While the mortality rate of cutaneous melanoma has dropped by 7% annually during the last 5 years, the prognosis of vulvar melanoma remains dismal: the 5-year overall survival rate is 47% compared with 92% for cutaneous melanoma. Read More

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September 2021

Human papillomavirus genotypes and the risk factors associated with multicentric intraepithelial lesions of the lower genital tract: a retrospective study.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 11;21(1):554. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Gynecology, Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute, No.44 Xiaoheyan Road, Shenyang, 110042, Liaoning province, China.

Background: Multicentric intraepithelial lesions of the lower genital tract (multicentric lesions) were defined as intraepithelial lesions of two or three sites within cervix, vagina, and vulva occurring synchronously or sequentially. The characteristics of multicentric lesions has been poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors for multicentric lesions, including specific HPV genotypes. Read More

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Human Papillomavirus Infection at the Time of Delivery.

Cureus 2021 Jun 1;13(6):e15364. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Biophysics Laboratory, Stefan S Nicolau Institute of Virology, Bucharest, ROU.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most encountered viral etiologies of genital infections that are transmitted through the sexual route in sexually active females. In the genital area, condylomata acuminate warts and the Buschke-Loewenstein tumor (giant condyloma acuminatum) are described. These lesions are associated with benign HPV6 and HPV 11 types. Read More

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Vulvar Cutaneous Myxoma in a Patient With Carney Complex: Avoiding Pitfalls of Myxoid Lesions of the Vulva.

Int J Surg Pathol 2022 Feb 24;30(1):33-38. Epub 2021 May 24.

25443Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

We present the case of a 31-year-old woman who underwent surgical excision for a polypoid, vulvar lesion. Histopathological analysis showed a diffuse myxoid stroma admixed with scant collagen fibrils. Thin-walled and branching blood vessels were prominent, with a mild perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate. Read More

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February 2022

[HPV vaccination and the prevention of genital warts and precancerous lesions-current evidence and evaluation].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2021 May 13;64(5):590-599. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Lehrstuhl für Epidemiologie, Fakultät für Sport- und Gesundheitswissenschaften, Technische Universität München, Georg-Brauchle-Ring 56, 80992, München, Deutschland.

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) can cause both benign and malignant tumors. To date, more than 200 HPV types have been discovered, of which 12 are currently classified as high risk for cervical cancer. HPV types that affect the anogenital tract are sexually transmitted. Read More

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Hidradenoma papilliferum of the hymen: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 13;15(1):162. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Background: Hidradenoma papilliferum is a rare benign neoplasm arising from apocrine glands. It occurs commonly on the anogenital region of middle-aged women. It usually presents as a slow growing, solitary asymptomatic, skin colored or red nodule less than 1 cm in diameter. Read More

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A rare case of nevus sebaceous of the bilateral labia minora: A case report and review of literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(10):e25047

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children of MOE, West China Second University Hospital.

Rationale: Nevus sebaceous (NS) is a lesion caused by congenital hyperplastic disorder of the sebaceous glands. It commonly noted in the scalp and face and rarely in the trunk, neck, or oral mucosa. We present a rare case of a lesion arising in the genital region. Read More

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Gynecologic manifestations in Emberger syndrome.

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2021 Mar;18(1):65-67

Aydın Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Specialty in Medical Genetics, Aydın, Turkey.

Immune system vulnerability seems to play a significant role in the development and malignant transformation of pre-malignant squamous cell lesions. Emberger syndrome is a condition that affects the immune system, which is caused by GATA2 gene mutations. Our objective was to present the gynecologic expressions of this rare syndrome in our case. Read More

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Female Genital Tract Melanoma: 10 Years of Experience at a Single Tertiary Center.

J Low Genit Tract Dis 2021 Apr;25(2):142-145

Gynaecological Oncology Department, University College London Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Objective: Malignant melanoma of the female genital tract is a rare disease with poor prognosis, with controversies remaining in its staging and management. In this study, we investigate clinical, pathological, and outcome data for patients referred to a tertiary cancer center with female genital tract melanoma over a decade.

Methods: Patients were retrospectively identified using a search of pathology reports to identify all cases of female genital tract melanoma from 2007 to 2019. Read More

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The interaction of smoking habit, SLPI and AnxA2 in HPV associated head and neck and other cancers.

Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 26;26:100299. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Christian-Albrechts-University, Arnold-Heller-Str. 3, D-24105 Kiel, Germany.

Six own studies confirm a correlation between smoking, expression of the secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI, an antileukoproteinase) and expression of Annexin A2 (AnxA2), and their influence on human papilloma virus (HPV)-infections. SLPI and HPV are ligands of AnxA2. This correlation was tested on 928 tissue samples from 892 patients in six independent studies [squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC), n = 522; non-neoplastic tonsils n = 214; clinically normal mucosa, n = 93 (of these n = 57 were obtained from patients treated for non-malignant diseases and n = 36 were obtained from HNSCC-patients) and vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) n = 99]. Read More

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December 2021

Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Female Urethra: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Onco Targets Ther 2020 21;13:13015-13022. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Department of Surgery, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, People's Republic of China.

Primary urethral non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is uncommon. This case study reports the case of a 52-year-old woman with a light red mass at the urethral orifice. Her clinical manifestations included frequent urination, urgency, dysuria, and occasionally blood in urine. Read More

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December 2020

Two different clinical forms of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the perineum and vulva of two mares.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Nov 30;16(1):464. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Oczapowskiego 13, 10-781, Olsztyn, Poland.

Background: Genital malignant neoplasms in mares are relatively rare. The treatment involve surgical removal of the tumour masses, chemotherapy or both.

Case Presentation: Two elderly warmblood mares, aged 16 and 20 were presented in University Clinic with the lumpy lesions at the region of perineum and left labia. Read More

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November 2020

Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasma (CAP) as a New Tool for the Management of Vulva Cancer and Vulvar Premalignant Lesions in Gynaecological Oncology.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Oct 27;21(21). Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Predictive, Preventive Personalised (3P) Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, 53105 Bonn, Germany.

Vulvar cancer (VC) is a specific form of malignancy accounting for 5-6% of all gynaecologic malignancies. Although VC occurs most commonly in women after 60 years of age, disease incidence has risen progressively in premenopausal women in recent decades. VC demonstrates particular features requiring well-adapted therapeutic approaches to avoid potential treatment-related complications. Read More

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October 2020

Mesenchymal lesions of the vulva.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2021 Jan 6;38(1):85-98. Epub 2020 Sep 6.

Department of Pathology, The University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. Electronic address:

Mesenchymal lesions of the vulva include site-specific entities limited to the lower genital tract, as well as a range of non-site-specific tumors that are more common at extragenital sites. Site-specific lesions include fibroepithelial stromal polyp, cellular angiofibroma, angiomyofibroblastoma, and aggressive angiomyxoma. Non-site-specific tumors that may occur in the vulva include those of smooth muscle, skeletal muscle, vascular, neural, adipocytic, and uncertain differentiation. Read More

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January 2021

Vulvar and perineal verrucous changes complicating hidradenitis suppurativa after wide excision: a case and literature review.

Dermatol Online J 2020 Jun 15;26(7). Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Dermatology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Poorly controlled and long-standing hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We report a 54-year-old woman with an over 20-year history of HS, who had previously undergone wide perineal excision with secondary intention healing and presented with a painful verrucous vulvar plaque and proximal non-healing perineal wound. The patient had four perineal scouting biopsies performed and excisional biopsy with no evidence of high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma on histology. Read More

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Atypical Non-neoplastic Changes in Anogenital Mammary-like Glands Accompanying Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2021 Mar;40(2):180-184

Long regarded as ectopic or supernumerary breast tissue, anogenital mammary-like glands (AGMLG) are now considered a normal constituent of the anogenital area. AGMLG are presumed to be the origin for various benign and malignant lesions. Changes in AGMLG compatible with usual ductal hyperplasia and atypical ductal hyperplasia considered as precursor lesions and its presence in specimens can be explained by their role in the pathogenesis of primary extramammary Paget disease. Read More

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Clinical and Dermoscopic Features of Vulvar Melanosis Over the Last 20 Years.

JAMA Dermatol 2020 11;156(11):1185-1191

Section of Anatomic Pathology, Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Importance: Vulvar melanosis is a common pigmentary change that accounts for most pigmented vulvar lesions. It presents as single or multiple asymptomatic macules or patches of varying size and color that may be asymmetric with poorly defined borders. The differential diagnosis of melanocytic lesions includes melanoma, which creates anxiety for patients and the physicians who diagnose the condition and treat the patients. Read More

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November 2020

A randomized clinical study of the treatment of white lesions of the vulva with a fractional ultrapulsed CO2 laser.

Ann Palliat Med 2020 Jul;9(4):2229-2236

Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Cervical Diseases, Changzhou Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China.

Background: White lesions of the vulva are a common vulvar disease of unclear etiology. Although a variety of treatments have been used to treat the disease in clinical practice, there is currently a lack of effective radical therapies. This study aimed to compare the feasibility and effectiveness of fractional ultrapulsed CO2 laser with that of high-intensity focused ultrasound in the treatment of white lesions of the vulva. Read More

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Equus caballus papillomavirus type 2 (EcPV2) in co-occurring vulvar and gastric lesions of a pony.

Res Vet Sci 2020 Oct 5;132:167-171. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle D'Aosta, National Reference Center of Veterinary and Comparative Oncology (CEROVEC), Piazza Borgo Pila, 16129 Genova, Italy.

In horses, squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are the most common malignant tumors developing on non-pigmented skin, muco-cutaneous areas, like external genitalia, and, less frequently, in the stomach. Growing evidence suggests Equus caballus papillomavirus type 2 (EcPV2) as causative agent of genital SCCs. Our case report describes a 20-year-old, female, mixed-breed pony with co-occurring vulvar papilloma and in situ carcinoma and gastric SCC. Read More

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October 2020

Non-human-papillomavirus-related malignancies of the vulva: A clinicopathological study.

J Cutan Pathol 2020 Oct 29;47(10):917-922. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Pathology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: Malignant tumor of the vulva is the fourth gynecological malignancy in frequency. Close to 70% of all vulvar malignancies are related to high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

Methods: A search for non-HPV-related malignant tumors of the vulva was performed in the last 20 years (2000-2020) in the pathology database of a single tertiary institution. Read More

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October 2020